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Methodology

The top vent (V) and


The tank (T3) was filled overflow valve were fully
with water to the marked opened at tank T1. The Air inlet manual
level and the drain valve bottom GLOBE valve isolation valve was
was fully shut. The air and gate valve were fully located next to AR
supply was connected. closed. at the top of tank T1
and its valve handle
was 90° to the air
supply inlet tubing
(fully closed). The
top space of tank T1
was at atmospheric
pressure as
monitored by the
pressure gauge
At the front panel, the (PG).
main power supply was Density measurement,
switched ON. The panel was operate at T1. The
instruments were all lit interconnecting
up. All the heaters, Pump manual valve MV4
(P1) and stirrer were and MV2 was fully
switched OFF from the shut. One turn valve
panel. MV3 was opened.

When the water level


in Tank T3 was below
the preset low level
limit, the level switch
(LS) will
automatically switch
off the pump (P1). In
this case, we topped
up more water into
tank T3 from the
The one turn pump external water supply.
The pump suction valve by-pass valve (BV1)
was fully opened. The was opened for better
pump discharge valve mixing. The hose
(MV1) was one turn that connected to it
opened. was discharged back
to the tank.

Figure 1: Start-up procedure

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At the sight glass with milimeter scale
(LG1), the level rise in tank T1 was
Pump (P1) was started by pressing observed until it overflows. The water
the green pushbutton at the front then circulated throughout tank T1 and
panel. Then, the stirrer was tank T3 until the temperature gauge
switched ON. (TG1) reading was closed to the
reading at the temperature indicator
(TIC1) at the front panel.

The pump (P1) was switched off at the


Two consecutive (2) sets of
front panel. RUN I was done with level
readings which is Set 1 and Set 2
of 550 mm. The bottom GLOBE valve
was recorded for every run when
of tank T1 was opened to allow water in
the level indicated at LG1 was
tank T1 to flow into tank T3. The bottom
stabilized.
GLOBE valve was shut when the level
at LG1 reads about 550 mm.

Each set of level readings consists


of actual level read from sight glass RUN II was continued by opening the
with milimeter scale (LG1), actual bottom GLOBE valve of tank T1 until
level read from level indicator the level at LG1 about 450 mm. The
(LIA1) which % x its max calibrated bottom GLOBE valve was shut. When
span in mm and actual temperature the level indicated at LG1 was
in level tank T1 read from stabilized, two consecutive sets of
temperature gauge (TG1). Each of readings was taken and recorded in
the reading was recorded in TABLE TABLE 1A, RUN II.
1A, RUN I.

The next test where we used LT1 The readings for level (h) and pressure
to verify the level Hydrostatic difference (DP) was taken as we read the
principle that the level is level from level indicator (LIA1) and
proportional to the pressure pressure difference reading in mmH2O at
difference between two elevations the level transmitter LT1. All the water in
in tank which level h = DP/ρg tank T1 was drained out by opening the
where DP is the pressure GLOBE valve and was fully shut after all
difference. water is drained out.

Figure 2: Level Measurement (Ambient Water) in Tank T1 (Open Tank)

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Tank T1 was checked as an Open Tank.
The top vent (V) and overflow manual
valve was fully opened. The pressurizing
At tank T2, the bottom drain
air inlet manual isolation valve handle
valve was fully shut. MV1 and
was 90° to the air supply inlet tubing.
BV1 were one turn opened. Plus,
Next, bottom GLOBE valve and GATE
the stirrer was switched ON.
valve was fully shut while the manual
inlet valve MV3 was one turn opened.
MV2 and MV4 were fully shut.

Pump (P1) was started by pressing the


green pushbutton at the front panel. At The water was circulated
the sight glass with milimeter scale throughout tank T1,T2 and tank T3
(LG1), the rise of level in tank T1 was until the temperature gauges
observed until it overflowed. The (TG1,TG2) reading were closed to
connecting manual valve MV4 was the reading at the temperature
opened so that the water from tank T1 indicator (TIC1) at the front panel.
will flow into T2.

The pump (P1) was switched off at the front


After the level indicated at
panel. The T1 bottom GLOBE valve was
LG2 was stabilized, two
fully shut. RUN I was done at 450 mm. The
consecutive (2) sets of
bottom GLOBE valve of tank T1 was
reading which are Set 1 and
opened to allow water to flow into tank T3 ,
Set 2 was taken for every
until the level at LG2 was 450 mm. Then,
RUN.
the bottom GLOBE valve was shut.

Each set of level readings consist T1 and T2 was isolated by shutting the
of three readings that were taken interconnecting manual valve MV4. All
silmutaneously. The actual level the water in tank T1 was drained out by
from sight glass with 7 mm scale opening the bottom GLOBE valve. After
(LG1), level indicator (LIA1), all the water was drained out, the the
sight glass with 7 mm scale (LG2) bottom GLOBE valve was fully shut.
plus the actual temperature in Lastly, the drain valve for tank T2 was
level tank T2 and level tank T1 opened to drain all the water. Tank 2 was
were recorded in TABLE 1B, fully shut after all the water was drained
RUN 1. out.

Figure 3: Level Measurement Comparison (Ambient Water) in Tanks T1 & T2

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