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Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions


During this particular lab the idea is to experiment with reactants to experience a reaction rather it is
Endothermic, which is where the majority of energy is absorbed into the reactant, and with Exothermic,
is where the majority of the energy is released as a reaction from the reactants used. Watch and learn as
the transfer of thermal energy takes place within two molecules combining to transfer their kinetic energy
back and forth.


The reaction of the molecules combining in the reactant of water and baking soda, and baking powder
will produce an Endothermic reaction or an absorbing reaction, with-holding the energy in its glass
container, showing slower kinetic energy.

 2 glass containers  Wear rubber gloves
 2 100ml graduated cylinders
 Wear goggles
 2 thermometers
 Tie hair back
 2 plastic stirrers  Lay protective paper or paper
 1 tablespoon measuring spoon towel down on work space

 Baking Soda  Have a learning coach with you

 Baking Powder  Clean all working area and

materials both before you
 Water work and after as to avoid
cross contamination.
 3% Hydrogen Peroxide

 5% white distilled vinegar

 Goggles

 Gloves

 Paper towels to cover counter

 Chart to record observations


1. Place paper towel down to protect work area

2. Fill the 100ml of water in each glass container

3. Take initial temperature (record)

4. Add one table spoon of baking soda to first glass

5. Stir, record reaction, record new temperature

6. Add one table spoon of baking powder to second glass

7. Stir, record reaction, record new temperature

8. Wash out all equipment

9. Repeat process 1-7 with distilled white vinegar, and then with hydrogen peroxide

Original Baking Soda Baking Baking Baking

Temperature Temperature Soda Powder Powder
Reaction Temperature Reaction

Hydrogen 72 Temperature The Temperature The

Peroxide Base did not peroxide did not Peroxide
change mixture change mixture
Color is a got
little milky,
clearer cloudy,
that the no foam
no fizz

Vinegar Base 55 Temperature The Temperature The

dropped to mixture rose to 60 mixture
50, foamed rose to
and fizzed top and
over the came
glass, the back
baking down
soda right
settled, away,
the foam settled a
settled and bit but
cleared remains
right up. cloudy

Water Base 85 70 The water Temp. The

mixture stayed the Water
got a little same as mixture
foggy, original got really
baking temp. 85 milky
soda looking,
settled to fizzed up
bottom of and
glass settled


In conclusion the experiment was a success in measuring endothermic and exothermic reactions in
different reactants. During the process of combining reactants to watch the reaction of molecules during
the transfer of thermal energy which took place within two molecules combining to transfer their kinetic
energy back and forth. The Vinegar reactant in combination with both baking soda and baking powder
had an exothermic reactional release, this means that this substance or molecule combination created a
more outwardly reaction with its kinetic energy in turn putting out more heat. When combining the baking
soda and the baking powder with the vinegar a kick-start took place or a jumping off point for the reaction
of molecules. The reactants that had an Endothermic reaction were the water and baking soda and the
water and the baking powder combination, which meant that it changed the temperature very little if at