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Mass vs.

Temperature Change
Science 8A Unit 2 Lesson 8

Materials:
 Water at temp at 50-55 degrees Fahrenheit
 One graduated cylinder 100 ml
 One graduated cylinder 10 ml
 Funnel
 Thermometer
 Pot
 Stove
 Cup
 Timer

Introduction:
The purpose of the lab is finding out how does the amount of a substance affects the rate
at which temperature changes. What I will do to find this out, is test different times with
two different amounts of water and see how fast the water is heating the two different
amounts of water. How thermal energy is transferred is it is kinetic energy and it transfers
into heat. Thermal energy transfers in three ways conduction, convection, and radiation.
Conduction transfers thermal energy by direct contact between particles of a substance,
without moving new particles into a different location.
Hypothesis:
My prediction for the question how the amount of a substance affects the rate at which
temperature changes is, I think the less water the hotter it will get. I also think it may
evaporate after a while.
Procedure:
1. Get all the materials listed in the material list
2. After all materials are gathered get a cup of water at the temperature of 50-55
degrees Fahrenheit
3. Put the funnel in the hole of the graduated cylinder the one that is 100ml and pour the
water (this is an option to use the funnel it just makes it easier to pour the water)
4. Check the temperature of the water after you pour it into the cylinder of 100 ml
5. Get your pot to put on the stove and turn it to setting 8
6. After the stove is heated Have an adult turn on your timer and pour your water at the
same time (use the data table below to see what times you need to record)
7. After the timer goes off , turn off the stove and put you thermometer in the hot water
BE CARFUL IT WILL BE HOT WEAR A STOVE GOLVE
7. Do these same steps 10 times for 100ml of water and 10 times 30 ml of water
8. Every time you record a time pour out the water and dump it into the sink and fill the
cylinders again every time.
TIP- USE A 10 ML GRAUATED CYLINDER AND POUR IT INTO A CUP
THREE TIMES FOR 30 ML Also Wear A Stove glove since when you take them
temperate it will be hot. ALSO TURN OFF THE STOVE BEFORE CHECKING
THE TEMPURATE AND DUMP THE WATER EACH TIME. ADD WATER AS
NEEDED IN THE PAN BUT MAKE SURE THERE IS NO WATER LEFT. ALSO
MAKE SURE IT THE SAME AMOUNT OF WHAT WAS IN THE PAN.

Data:
Something I noticed was, sometimes the water evaporated when I poured 30 ml the
water sometimes would evaporate so I had to wait till there was no water and pour 30 ml
back in.

Time 100 ml 30 ml
20 secs 207 degrees f 202 degrees f
30 secs 213 degrees f 211 degrees f
40 secs 208 degrees f 212 degrees f
50 secs 211 degrees f 209 degrees f
60secs 212 degrees f 199 degrees f
70 secs 210 degrees f 210degrees f
80 secs 210 degrees f 209 degrees f
90 secs 211 degrees f 210 degrees f
100 secs 209 degrees f 212 degrees f
110 secs 209 degrees f 211degrees f
Data Analysis (Graph)

Conclusion:

The purpose of this scientific experiment is to see how the amount of a substance affects
the rate at which temperature changes. My hypothesis was the less water the hotter the
temp would be. This means I thought that 30ml would be hotter then the 100 ml. The
average temperature number for 30 ml was 208.5 degrees Fahrenheit. And for 100 ml the
average temperature was 210 degrees Fahrenheit. My hypothesis was wrong. Something I
noticed was sometimes the 30 ml would evaporate, that could of caused a potential error
because I had to repour 30 ml.