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A.708(17) Navigation bridge visibility and functions. degrees, that is from right ahead to not less than 22.

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degrees, abaft the beam on either side of the ship;
MSC/Circ.403 Guidelines on navigation bridge
visibility. .4 From each bridge wing the horizontal field of
vision shall extend over an arc at least 225 degrees,
1 July 1998 that is from at least 45 degrees on the opposite bow
----------- through right ahead and then from right ahead to
May 1994 SOLAS Amendments (Res. MSC.31(63)) right astern through 180 degrees on the same side of
the ship;
All ships of not less than 45 m in length constructed on or
after 19980701 shall meet new requirements to navigation .5 From the main steering position the horizontal
bridge visibility. (Reg. V/22(a)) field of vision shall extend over an arc from right
ahead to at least 60 degrees on each side of the ship;
MSC/Circ.627 Navigation bridge visibility.
.6 The ship's side shall be visible from the bridge
1994 amendments (MSC.31(63)) wing;

Annex 2 (protection of fuel lines, navigation bridge .7 The height of the lower edge of the navigation
visibility) 1 July 1998 bridge front windows above the bridgedeck shall be
kept as low as possible. In no case shall the lower
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, edge present an obstruction to the forward view as
1974, as amended by res. MSC.99(73) in December 2000. described in this regulation;
----------------------------------------------------------------------
------ .8 The upper edge of the navigation bridge front
CHAPTER V SAFETY OF NAVIGATION Regulation windows shall allow a forward view of the horizon,
22 Navigation bridge visibility for a person with a height of eye of 1,800 mm above
---------------------------------------------------------------------- the bridge deck at the conning position, when the
------ ship is pitching in heavy seas. The Administration, if
1 Ships of not less than 45 m in length as defined in satisfied that a 1,800 mm height of eye is
regulation III/3.12, constructed on or after 1 July 1998, unreasonable and impractical, may allow reduction of
shall meet the following requirements: the height of eye but not less than 1,600 mm;

.1 The view of the sea surface from the conning .9 Windows shall meet the following
position shall not be obscured by more than two ship requirements:
lengths, or 500 m, whichever is the less, forward of the
bow to 10 degrees on either side under all conditions of .9.1 To help avoid reflections, the bridge front
draught, trim and deck cargo; windows shall be inclined from the vertical plane top
out, at an angle of not less than 10 degrees and not
.2 No blind sector caused by cargo, cargo gear or other more than 25 degrees.
obstructions outside of the wheelhouse forward of the
beam which obstructs the view of the sea surface as seen .9.2 Framing between navigation bridge windows
from the conning position, shall exceed 10 degrees. The shall be kept to a minimum and not be installed
total arc of blind sectors shall not exceed 20 degrees. The immediately forward of any work station.
clear sectors between blind sectors shall be at least 5
degrees. However, in the view described in .1, each .9.3 Polarized and tinted windows shall not be
individual blind sector shall not exceed 5 degrees; fitted.

.3 The horizontal field of vision from the conning .9.4 A clear view through at least two of the
position shall extend over an arc of not less than 225 navigation bridge front windows and, depending on
the bridge configuration, an additional number of
clear-view windows shall be provided at all times, 2.1 The guidelines apply to ships constructed after 2
regardless of weather conditions. January 1992 where bridge duty is regularly
maintained. The Administration should urge
2 Ships constructed before 1 July 1998 shall, where designers and builders of ships to use these
practicable, meet the requirements of paragraphs 1.1 and guidelines during a ship's design process.
1.2. However, structural alterations or additional
equipment need not be required. 2.2 When ships of unconventional design cannot
comply with the guidelines, Administrations should
3 On ships of unconventional design which, in the opinion consider arrangements that provide a level of
of the Administration, cannot comply with this regulation, visibility that is as near as possible to the level
arrangements shall be provided to achieve a level of recommended in these guidelines.
visibility that is as near as practical to that prescribed in
this regulation. 2.3 Administrations should consider the application
---------------------------------------------------------------------- of 3.2 and 3.3 to existing ships as well. However,
------ structural alterations or addition of equipment need
not be required.
Guide:
This chapter applies to all ships below 150 gross tonnage 3 FIELD OF VISION
on any voyage and to cargo ships less than 500 gross
tonnage on international voyages and to fishing vessels 3.1 Every effort should be made to place the
unless otherwise is stated by the Administration. See navigation bridge above all other decked structures,
regulation V/1. not including funnels, which are on or above the
---------------------------------------------------------------------- freeboard deck.
------
3.2 The view of the sea surface from the conning
Note: This revised chapter V was adopted by res. position should not be obscured by more than two
MSC.99(73) on 5 December 2000 and is expected to ship lengths, or 500 m, whichever is less, forward of
come into force 1 July 2002. the bow to 10 degrees on either side irrespective of
the ship's draught, trim and deck cargo.
Resolutions from the 17th Session of the Assembly of
IMO, November 1991. 3.3 Blind sectors caused by cargo, cargo gear and
---------------------------------------------------------------------- other obstructions outside of the wheelhouse forward
------ of the beam obstructing the view of the sea surface as
RESOLUTION A.708(17) seen from the conning position, should not exceed 10
adopted on 6 November 1991 degrees each. The total arc of blind sectors should not
NAVIGATION BRIDGE VISIBILITY AND exceed 20 degrees. The clear sectors between blind
FUNCTIONS. sectors should be not less than 5 degrees. However,
---------------------------------------------------------------------- in the view described in 3.2, each individual blind
------ sector should not exceed 5 degrees.
ANNEX GUIDELINES ON
NAVIGATION BRIDGE VISIBILITY 3.4 The height of the lower edge of the navigation
bridge front windows above the deck should be kept
1 SCOPE as low as possible. In no case should the lower edge
present an obstruction to the forward view as
1.1 These guidelines have been developed to ensure that described in these guidelines.
designs of ships provide adequate visibility from the
navigation bridge. 3.5 The upper edge of the navigation bridge front
windows should allow a forward view of the horizon,
2 APPLICATION for a person with an eye height of 1,800 mm, at the
conning position when the ship is pitching in heaving functions of the Assembly in relation to regulations
seas. and guidelines concerning maritime safety and the
prevention and control of marine pollution from
3.6 The horizontal field of vision from the conning ships,
position should extend over an arc from more than 22.5
degrees abaft the beam on one side, through forward, to RECOGNIZING that the lack of adequate bridge
more than 22.5 degrees abaft the beam on the other side. visibility may adversely affect the safety of the ship
and the safety of other ships and the marine
3.7 From each bridge wing the field of vision should environment,
extend over an arc from at least 45 degrees on the
opposite bow through dead ahead and then aft to 180 CONSIDERING the need to ensure that the design
degrees from dead ahead. of ships provides at all times adequate visibility from
the navigation bridge for the purposes of safe
3.8 From the main steering position the field of vision navigation,
should extend over an arc from dead ahead to at least 60
degrees on each side. NOTING WITH CONCERN reports that some
ships' navigation bridges are being used for purposes
3.9 The ship's side should be visible from the bridge wing. other than navigation, communications and other
functions essential to the safe operation of the ship,
4 WINDOWS its engines and cargo,

4.1 Framing between navigation bridge windows should HAVING CONSIDERED the recommendation
be kept to a minimum and should not be installed made by the Maritime Safety Committee at its fifty-
immediately forward of any workstation. ninth session,

4.2 To help avoid reflections, the bridge front windows 1. URGES Governments to ensure that:
should be inclined from the vertical plane top out, at an
angle of not less than 10 degrees and not more than 25 (a) the visibility from the navigation bridge of
degrees. ships conforms to the guidelines on navigation bridge
visibility set out in the annex to the present
4.3 Polarized and tinted windows should not be fitted. resolution;

4.4 A clear view through at least two of the navigation (b) the ship's navigation bridge is not used for
bridge front windows and, depending on the bridge purposes other than navigation, communications and
configuration, through an other functions essential to the safe operation of the
additional number of clear view windows should be ship, its engines and cargo;
provided at all times regardless of weather conditions.
---------------------------------------------------------------------- 2. INVITES the Maritime Safety Committee to
------ consider developing relevant provisions to ensure an
adequate standard of visibility from the ship's
Guide: When the Assembly adopted this Resolution, the wheelhouse, by means of an appropriate amendment
following introductory notes were made : to the International Convention for the Safety of Life
at Sea, 1974.
NAVIGATION BRIDGE VISIBILITY AND
FUNCTIONS

THE ASSEMBLY,

RECALLING Article 15(j) of the Convention on the


International Maritime Organization concerning the