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Course Title: Phonetics and Phonology

Question Please circle the correct option.

1) Acoustic phonetics is concerned with which of the following:

1) The production of sounds in human languages


2) The generation of speech sounds by computer. .
3) The perception of sounds of human languages.
4) The properties of the sound waves of human speech.
2) The idea of universal grammar was given by
1) William Labov 2) Noam Chomsky
3) George Yule 4) David Crystal
3) Articulatory phonetics is the study of
1) Speech organs 2) physical properties of speech
3) Phonemes 4) physical production of speech sounds
4) The initial sound in ‘Pakistan’ is
1) interdental 2) palatal
3) bilabial 4) alveolar
5) /kju/ is a phonemic transcription of
1) you 2) queue
3) knew 4) quay
6) /tʌŋ / is a phonemic transcription of
1) ton 2) tongue
3) tone 4) toy
7) Which of the following is the most common syllable shape in the world's
languages:
1) C 2) VCC
3) VC 4) CV
8) To make a nasal phone, which of the following do you do:
1) Raise the velum
2) Make a pharyngeal closure
3) Lower the velum
4) Make a blockage in the nasal cavity
9) Which of the two main types of phones involve the unimpeded flow of air through
the oral cavity?
1) Vowels
2) Consonants
3) Plosives
4) Fricatives
10) Phonetic symbol '[j]' sound is a
1) stop
2) nasal
3) glide
4) liquid
11) Phonetic symbol '[z]' sound is a
1) fricative
2) affricate
3) nasal
4) glide
12) Phonetic symbol '[k]' sound is a
1) fricative
2) affricate
3) stop
4) glide
13) Phonetic symbol '[d]' sound is a
1) fricative
2) affricate
3) stop
4) glide
14) [m] sound is
1) bilabial
2) dental
3) velar
4) glottal
15) [v] sound is
1) bilabial
2) dental
3) labiodental
4) glottal
16) [ŋ] sound is
1) bilabial
2) velar
3) labiodental
4) glottal
17) [f] sound is
1) bilabial
2) velar
3) labiodental
4) glottal
18) [θ] and [ð] are
1) dental
2) bilabial
3) glottal
4) Alveolars
19) Phonology is the study of
1) meaning of speech sounds
2) systems and patterns of speech sounds
3) physical production of speech sounds
4) context of speech sounds
20) Meaning-distinguishing sound in a language is
1) morpheme
2) syllable
3) phoneme
4) vowel
21) Aspiration is the
1) puff of air
2) inhalation of air
3) exhalation of air
4) blocking of air
22) One of a closely related set of sounds of a phoneme is called
1) syntax
2) semantics
3) allophone
4) phonetics
23) Permitted arrangements of sounds in a language are called
1) allophones
2) phonemes
3) phonotactics
4) minimal pairs
24) A syllable must contain
1) a consonant
2) a sound
3) a syntax
4) a vowel or vowel-like sound
25) Auditory phonetics is the study of
1) Grammar
2) Reception of speech sounds
3) Phonics
4) Pragmatics
26) One of the basic elements of the syllable is
1) rhyme
2) dilect
3) accent
4) stress
27) The position of onset is
1) final
2) medial
3) centre
4) start
28) Rhyme/rime should consists of
1) a vowel
2) a consonant
3) stress
4) elision
29) Rhyme is is treated as
1) the nucleus
2) the syllable
3) the coda
4) the onset
30) The syllables that have an onset and a nucleus, but no coda are
1) stress syllables
2) close syllables
3) open syllables
4) free syllables
31) The syllabic structure of the word 'green' is
1) (CCVC)
2) (VCC)
3) (VCC)
4) (CVC)
32) The word 'splash' has
1) 3 consonant clusters in the beginning
2) 4 consonant clusters in the beginning
3) 2 consonant clusters in the beginning
4) No consonant clusters in the beginning
33) Two well-known coarticulation effects are
1) stress and intonation
2) syntax and grammar
3) phonetics and phonology
4) assimilation and elision
34) When two sound segments occur in a sequence and some aspect of one segment is
“copied” by the other, the process is known as
1) pronunciation
2) assimilation
3) deletion
4) dialect
35) The phrase [aɪkəŋɡoʊ] in phonemic transcription is
1) They could go
2) He can go
3) I can go
4) We should go
36) The phrase is [juənmi] in phonemic transcription is
1) He and you
2) You and me
3) you and mine
4) you and we
37) [juənmi] is an example of
1) Elision
2) Assimilation
3) Coordination
4) Consideration
38) The phrase is [himəsbi] in phonemic transcription is an example of
1) consideration
2) coordination
3) elision
4) assimilation
39) In elision
1) a new sound is added
2) a sound is dropped
3) the same sound remains
4) sounds are merged
40) In manner of articulation, we study
1) The characteristics of sounds
2) Syntax
3) Semantics
4) Places of articulation