0 views

Uploaded by josgau

Density on a Manifold

- 0efba65afbc3190818818fc662c7d873-original
- Catiiolic Junior Collegt' 2oo8 Jci Promotional Examinations
- 3rd Long Sample Exam [Answer Key]
- Lab 5 Tasks (1)
- Topology and Kinematic Analysis of Color
- FP2 2010
- Symplectic Elasticity Rectangular Thin Plates Cui Shuang
- 2lineq
- 18 Matrix Math
- 03 - Higher Order Derivatives
- HW4.pdf
- Vector Part2
- pset_2
- Sec6.3
- SolutionExercises8_12
- Phase Transitions in Field Theories
- Majorana
- harihsri
- Addition of angular momentum
- Chapter 3 Reference Frame Theory

You are on page 1of 4

In mathematics, and specifically differential geometry, a density is a spatially varying quantity on a differentiable

manifold that can be integrated in an intrinsic manner. Abstractly, a density is a section of a certain trivial line bundle,

called the density bundle. An element of the density bundle at x is a function that assigns a volume for the parallelotope

spanned by the n given tangent vectors at x.

From the operational point of view, a density is a collection of functions on coordinate charts which become multiplied by

the absolute value of the Jacobian determinant in the change of coordinates. Densities can be generalized into s-

densities, whose coordinate representations become multiplied by the s-th power of the absolute value of the jacobian

determinant. On an oriented manifold, 1-densities can be canonically identified with the n-forms on M. On non-orientable

manifolds this identification cannot be made, since the density bundle is the tensor product of the orientation bundle of M

and the n-th exterior product bundle of T∗M (see pseudotensor).

Contents

Motivation (densities in vector spaces)

Orientations on a vector space

s-densities on a vector space

Definition

Integration

Conventions

Properties

References

In general, there does not exist a natural concept of a "volume" for a parallelotope generated by vectors v1, ..., vn in a n-

dimensional vector space V. However, if one wishes to define a function μ : V × ... × V → R that assigns a volume for any

such parallelotope, it should satisfy the following properties:

If any linear combination of the vectors v1, ..., vj−1, vj+1, ..., vn is added to the vector vj, the volume should stay

invariant.

These conditions are equivalent to the statement that μ is given by a translation-invariant measure on V, and they can be

rephrased as

Any such mapping μ : V × ... × V → R is called a density on the vector space V. Note that if (v1, ..., vn) is any basis for V,

then fixing μ(v1, ..., vn) will fix μ entirely; it follows that the set Vol(V) of all densities on V forms a one-dimensional vector

space. Any n-form ω on V defines a density |ω| on V by

Orientations on a vector space

The set Or(V) of all functions o : V × ... × V → R that satisfy

forms a one-dimensional vector space, and an orientation on V is one of the two elements o ∈ Or(V) such that

|o(v1, ..., vn)| = 1 for any linearly independent v1, ..., vn. Any non-zero n-form ω on V defines an orientation o ∈ Or(V) such

that

and vice versa, any o ∈ Or(V) and any density μ ∈ Vol(V) define an n-form ω on V by

The s-densities on V are functions μ : V × ... × V → R such that

Just like densities, s-densities form a one-dimensional vector space Vols(V), and any n-form ω on V defines an s-density |

ω|s on V by

Definition

Formally, the s-density bundle Vols(M) of a differentiable manifold M is obtained by an associated bundle construction,

intertwining the one-dimensional group representation

The resulting line bundle is known as the bundle of s-densities, and is denoted by

More generally, the associated bundle construction also allows densities to be constructed from any vector bundle E on M.

In detail, if (Uα,φα) is an atlas of coordinate charts on M, then there is associated a local trivialization of

subordinate to the open cover Uα such that the associated GL(1)-cocycle satisfies

Integration

Densities play a significant role in the theory of integration on manifolds. Indeed, the definition of a density is motivated

by how a measure dx changes under a change of coordinates (Folland 1999, Section 11.4, pp. 361-362).

where the latter integral is with respect to the Lebesgue measure on Rn. The transformation law for 1-densities together

with the Jacobian change of variables ensures compatibility on the overlaps of different coordinate charts, and so the

integral of a general compactly supported 1-density can be defined by a partition of unity argument. Thus 1-densities are a

generalization of the notion of a volume form that does not necessarily require the manifold to be oriented or even

orientable. One can more generally develop a general theory of Radon measures as distributional sections of using

the Riesz representation theorem.

The set of 1/p-densities such that is a normed linear space whose completion is called

Conventions

In some areas, particularly conformal geometry, a different weighting convention is used: the bundle of s-densities is

instead associated with the character

With this convention, for instance, one integrates n-densities (rather than 1-densities). Also in these conventions, a

conformal metric is identified with a tensor density of weight 2.

Properties

The dual vector bundle of is .

Tensor densities are sections of the tensor product of a density bundle with a tensor bundle.

References

Berline, Nicole; Getzler, Ezra; Vergne, Michèle (2004), Heat Kernels and Dirac Operators, Berlin, New York: Springer-

Verlag, ISBN 978-3-540-20062-8.

Folland, Gerald B. (1999), Real Analysis: Modern Techniques and Their Applications (Second ed.), ISBN 978-0-471-

31716-6, provides a brief discussion of densities in the last section.

Nicolaescu, Liviu I. (1996), Lectures on the geometry of manifolds, River Edge, NJ: World Scientific Publishing Co.

Inc., ISBN 978-981-02-2836-1, MR 1435504 (https://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1435504)

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this

site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia

Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

- 0efba65afbc3190818818fc662c7d873-originalUploaded byRaagaraja
- Catiiolic Junior Collegt' 2oo8 Jci Promotional ExaminationsUploaded byMathathlete
- 3rd Long Sample Exam [Answer Key]Uploaded byAngel Manaloto
- Lab 5 Tasks (1)Uploaded bymonkeemai
- Topology and Kinematic Analysis of ColorUploaded byOmar Odeh
- FP2 2010Uploaded byIan Sipin
- Symplectic Elasticity Rectangular Thin Plates Cui ShuangUploaded byJacopo Svetoni
- 2lineqUploaded byHamza El-masry
- 18 Matrix MathUploaded byRoberto Enrique Sanchez Aleman
- 03 - Higher Order DerivativesUploaded byMarkrobert Magsino
- HW4.pdfUploaded byKensleyTsang
- Vector Part2Uploaded byMirei Ong
- pset_2Uploaded byAlexander Friend
- Sec6.3Uploaded byTheGreatPostulio
- SolutionExercises8_12Uploaded bytekellamerZ aka tekellamer
- Phase Transitions in Field TheoriesUploaded bychichieinstein
- MajoranaUploaded bySushovan Mondal
- harihsriUploaded bysaheb_ju
- Addition of angular momentumUploaded byJean Nelson
- Chapter 3 Reference Frame TheoryUploaded byRam Kumar
- 12Uploaded byPrem
- PC235W13 Assignment1 SolutionsUploaded bykwok
- Chapter 2 OdeUploaded byclaire
- Numerical AnalysisUploaded byPKJ4LOV
- Survey CalculationUploaded byJhonathan Uguerey
- Eigens by Row(1)Uploaded byJeeva Jp
- very niceUploaded byDorijan
- 8th Term 2 MathematicsUploaded byshalini
- phyBUploaded byRashid Waqas Khan
- Step by Step Calculator - Symbolab.pdfUploaded byBlaze Roxas Perater

- Tensor CalculusUploaded byjosgau
- CircuiTikZ 0.8.3 -Massimo Redaelli & Stefan Lindner & Stefan ErhardtUploaded byJacobo Simonides
- Ley de AmpèreUploaded byjosgau
- Geometric CalculusUploaded byjosgau
- TensorUploaded byjosgau
- Tensor FieldUploaded byjosgau
- Theory of RelativityUploaded byjosgau
- Riemann Curvature TensorUploaded byjosgau
- Magnetic CircuitUploaded byjosgau
- Aplicación LinealUploaded byjosgau
- Qué es un imán.docxUploaded byCornelio Fernandez
- Geometría analíticaUploaded byjosgau
- Tullio Levi CivitaUploaded byjosgau
- ElectromecánicaUploaded byjosgau
- Volume nUploaded byjosgau
- Transformación afínUploaded byjosgau
- Energía RenovableUploaded byjosgau
- ArduinoUploaded byjosgau
- Differential GeometryUploaded byjosgau
- Electric Power SystemUploaded byjosgau
- Mathematical AnalysisUploaded byjosgau
- Green VehicleUploaded byjosgau
- Line ElementUploaded byjosgau
- FibradoUploaded byjosgau
- Geometría analíticaUploaded byjosgau
- Dualidad de PontryaginUploaded byjosgau
- Super Fi CieUploaded byjosgau
- Absolute Differential Form in NLabUploaded byjosgau
- Geometría No EuclidianaUploaded byjosgau

- Pure Birth ProcessesUploaded byPatrick Mugo
- Module 3.pptxUploaded byAlexis Nicole Joy Manatad
- Conservative Formulation of the k-ϵ Turbulence Model for shock-turbulence interationUploaded byJessica Tatiana Muñoz Ortiz
- basic probablity.pdfUploaded byMuhammad Iqbal
- IGCSE MATHS Booklet 2015 2 AlgebraUploaded byGastón Maire
- 10.1016%2Fj.oceaneng.2015.10.01ossUploaded byAfif Fahza Nurmalik
- WetUploaded bybimo wicaksono
- Exercise 2correctedUploaded byladheedha
- Core 3 - Ch 2 - 1 - Trigonometry - Solutions AdaptedUploaded byAhadh12345
- Continuous Probability DistributionUploaded byshahzaiblatafat12
- 03 Conic Sections(2)Uploaded bymehehehe
- 240459317 HW1 Mastering PhysicsUploaded bydominic
- 1213midterm.pdfUploaded byEric Yeung
- Genetic Algorithm Applications to Stochastic Thermal Power DispatchUploaded byapi-3702408
- 4024_y04_sw_10Uploaded bymstudy123456
- Vibration Analysis.pptUploaded byHarshal Avinash Mungikar
- Quiz 01aae Measuringerror AnswersUploaded byAwais Aslam
- Mech II - Problems Set IIIUploaded byAdith Sai
- MATLab TutorialUploaded byPatricia de Leon
- Mohr Circle State of-StressUploaded bydocsdownforfree
- 1 Functions (Mas)Uploaded bySafina Hashim
- An Introduction to Fourier Analysis with Applications to Music.pdfUploaded byFulanito de Tal
- CFD Homework Set 1 Question 2Uploaded byMinXhaoChan
- Formulario de Calculo 2.docxUploaded byAz Snow
- Diffusion MathUploaded byKonstantinos Fringelis
- Matlab Notes 2Uploaded byRohan Dutta
- MAE II Yr II Sem SyllabusUploaded bygnathw
- 2.Vectors NotesUploaded byggmmnmcncnnm
- L5 - Fourier Series (Proposed Exercises)Uploaded byRodrigo-Andres Calderon-Naranjo
- Matrix Algebra 1.Uploaded bySnaya Sharma