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# FLUID MECHANICS Ⅱ(MEC 442)

2018

## GROUP ASSIGNMENT (SET B)

FACULTY OF MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING

EMD 4M 13
Prepared by:
Amier Danial Bin Nor Azizi (2016218438)
Celmon Leesoon (2016218302)

Prepared for:
Table of content
Problem statement.......................................................................................................... 3
Diagram.......................................................................................................................... 4
Assumption.....................................................................................................................5
Calculation......................................................................................................................7
Tabulated Data............................................................................................................. 11
Discussion.................................................................................................................... 15
Problem statement

A pump is used to transport water from one large reservoir to another large reservoir
that is at a higher elevation. The free surface of both reservoirs are exposed to
atmospheric pressure. The dimensions and minor loss coefficients of the piping
system are provided in Table 1. Table 1 Pipe dimensions and minor loss coefficients
Elevation difference between free surfaces 6.7 m
Pipe diameter 3.0 cm
Entrance loss coefficient 0.5
Valve 1 loss coefficient 2.0
Valve 2 loss coefficient 6.8
Elbow (3 total elbow) loss coefficient 0.34 each
exit loss coefficient 1.05
Pipe length 40
Pipe roughness 0.0028 cm

Two pumps are suggested for the application. The performance of both pumps is
approximated by the expression H=Ho-aQ 2 . The shut-off head Ho, and coefficient a,
for Pump A are 40 m and 0.053 m/Lpm2 , respectively; while that for Pump B are
11.45 m and 0.001408 m/Lpm2 , respectively (pump head is in unit of meter, m and
capacity is in unit of litre per minute, Lpm). Find the operating point (in Lpm) of both
pumps. Evaluate the suitability of both pumps for this application. The assignment
report must include:
 problem statement including illustration/diagram and assumptions
 tabulated data and equations
 all work and calculations

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Tabulated Data

For pump A:

0.00 40.00
1.83 39.82
3.66 39.29
5.49 38.40
7.32 37.16
9.15 35.56
10.98 33.61
12.81 31.30
14.64 28.64
16.47 25.62
18.30 22.25
20.13 18.52
21.96 14.44
23.79 10.00
25.62 5.21
27.47 0.00

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## 4.579 27.47 0.648 17350.49 0.030 0.855 0.243 7.799

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For pump B:

0 11.45
5.863 11.40
11.726 11.26
17.589 11.01
23.452 10.68
29.315 10.24
35.178 9.71
41.041 9.08
46.904 8.35
52.767 7.53
58.630 6.61
64.493 5.59
70.356 4.48
76.219 3.27
82.082 1.96
90.178 0.00

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Flowrate( ^3/s),10^(−4) Flowrate() Velocity(^2/) Renold Number Friction Factor Head major losses(m) head minor losses(m) Head required (m)

## 15.030 90.178 2.126 56953.58 0.026 7.988 2.620 17.308

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Discussion

Head pump is the highest level for the fluid can be reach by the fluid which delivered
by a pump. In this case, we have found that pump B provide higher head pump than
pump A. So, pump B is more suitable for higher delivery. But, the operating point of
pump A is lower than operation point of pump B shows that pump A is more efficient
than pump B. As the result pump B is selected for as the solution since it can delivers