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FLUID MECHANICS Ⅱ(MEC 442)

2018

GROUP ASSIGNMENT (SET B)

FACULTY OF MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING

EMD 4M 13
Prepared by:
Amier Danial Bin Nor Azizi (2016218438)
Celmon Leesoon (2016218302)
Muhammad Zahiruddin Bin Mohhar (2016229364)

Prepared for:
Mdm, Rosnadiah Binti Bahsan
Table of content
Problem statement.......................................................................................................... 3
Diagram.......................................................................................................................... 4
Assumption.....................................................................................................................5
Calculation......................................................................................................................7
Tabulated Data............................................................................................................. 11
Discussion.................................................................................................................... 15
Problem statement

A pump is used to transport water from one large reservoir to another large reservoir
that is at a higher elevation. The free surface of both reservoirs are exposed to
atmospheric pressure. The dimensions and minor loss coefficients of the piping
system are provided in Table 1. Table 1 Pipe dimensions and minor loss coefficients
Elevation difference between free surfaces 6.7 m
Pipe diameter 3.0 cm
Entrance loss coefficient 0.5
Valve 1 loss coefficient 2.0
Valve 2 loss coefficient 6.8
Elbow (3 total elbow) loss coefficient 0.34 each
exit loss coefficient 1.05
Pipe length 40
Pipe roughness 0.0028 cm

Two pumps are suggested for the application. The performance of both pumps is
approximated by the expression H=Ho-aQ 2 . The shut-off head Ho, and coefficient a,
for Pump A are 40 m and 0.053 m/Lpm2 , respectively; while that for Pump B are
11.45 m and 0.001408 m/Lpm2 , respectively (pump head is in unit of meter, m and
capacity is in unit of litre per minute, Lpm). Find the operating point (in Lpm) of both
pumps. Evaluate the suitability of both pumps for this application. The assignment
report must include:
 problem statement including illustration/diagram and assumptions
 tabulated data and equations
 all work and calculations

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Tabulated Data

For pump A:

Flowrate(lpm) Head available (m)


0.00 40.00
1.83 39.82
3.66 39.29
5.49 38.40
7.32 37.16
9.15 35.56
10.98 33.61
12.81 31.30
14.64 28.64
16.47 25.62
18.30 22.25
20.13 18.52
21.96 14.44
23.79 10.00
25.62 5.21
27.47 0.00

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Flowrate( ^3/s),10^(−4) Flowrate() Velocity(^2/) Renold Number Friction Factor Head major losses(m) Head minor losses(m) Headrequired (m)

0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 ∞ 0.000 0.000 6.700

0.305 1.83 0.043 1156.90 0.055 0.007 0.001 6.708

0.611 3.66 0.086 2313.81 0.033 0.017 0.004 6.721

0.916 5.49 0.130 3470.71 0.044 0.050 0.010 6.760

1.221 7.32 0.173 4627.62 0.043 0.087 0.017 6.805

1.527 9.15 0.216 5784.52 0.041 0.130 0.027 6.857

1.832 10.98 0.259 6941.43 0.038 0.173 0.039 6.912

2.137 12.81 0.302 8098.33 0.037 0.230 0.053 6.983

2.442 14.64 0.346 9255.24 0.036 0.292 0.069 7.061

2.748 16.47 0.389 10412.14 0.034 0.349 0.088 7.137

3.053 18.30 0.432 11569.05 0.032 0.406 0.108 7.214

3.358 20.13 0.475 12725.95 0.032 0.491 0.131 7.322

3.664 21.96 0.518 13882.86 0.032 0.584 0.156 7.440

3.969 23.79 0.561 15039.76 0.030 0.643 0.183 7.525

4.274 25.62 0.605 16196.67 0.030 0.745 0.212 7.657

4.579 27.47 0.648 17350.49 0.030 0.855 0.243 7.799

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For pump B:

Flowrate(lpm) Head available(m)


0 11.45
5.863 11.40
11.726 11.26
17.589 11.01
23.452 10.68
29.315 10.24
35.178 9.71
41.041 9.08
46.904 8.35
52.767 7.53
58.630 6.61
64.493 5.59
70.356 4.48
76.219 3.27
82.082 1.96
90.178 0.00

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Flowrate( ^3/s),10^(−4) Flowrate() Velocity(^2/) Renold Number Friction Factor Head major losses(m) head minor losses(m) Head required (m)

0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00 ∞ 0.000 0.000 6.700

0.977 5.863 0.138 3702.88 0.044 0.057 0.011 6.768

1.954 11.726 0.276 7405.76 0.038 0.197 0.044 6.942

2.932 17.589 0.415 11108.64 0.032 0.374 0.100 7.174

3.909 23.452 0.553 14811.51 0.032 0.665 0.177 7.542

4.886 29.315 0.691 18514.39 0.030 0.974 0.277 7.951

5.863 35.178 0.829 22217.27 0.030 1.403 0.399 8.501

6.840 41.041 0.968 25920.15 0.030 1.909 0.543 9.152

7.817 46.904 1.106 29623.03 0.029 2.410 0.709 9.819

8.795 52.767 1.244 33325.91 0.029 3.051 0.897 10.648

9.772 58.630 1.382 37028.79 0.028 3.636 1.107 11.444

10.749 64.493 1.521 40731.67 0.028 4.400 1.340 12.440

11.726 70.356 1.659 44434.54 0.028 5.236 1.595 13.531

12.703 76.219 1.797 48137.42 0.027 5.926 1.872 14.498

13.680 82.082 1.935 51840.30 0.027 6.873 2.171 15.743

15.030 90.178 2.126 56953.58 0.026 7.988 2.620 17.308

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Discussion

Head pump is the highest level for the fluid can be reach by the fluid which delivered
by a pump. In this case, we have found that pump B provide higher head pump than
pump A. So, pump B is more suitable for higher delivery. But, the operating point of
pump A is lower than operation point of pump B shows that pump A is more efficient
than pump B. As the result pump B is selected for as the solution since it can delivers
fluid at higher head.

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