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Procedure of Bracing System elements connection Check

and Reinforcement Method

1. General

Step 1. Using following design load


-100% shear and 100% axial (static)
If the connection capacity carry the design load, then PASSED.
Step 2. CLASSIFY whether “Baem” or “Bracing system elements”
N M1 M2 N
Using + + = r < 1 and > 0.3r
Na M 1a M 2a Na

As commented by S/R, the beam members that attach guide post are connected using “full
tension capacity”

Step 3. If classified as Beam members,


check the connection capacity using following design load,
75% shear and 75% axial (static + modal)

Step 4. If classified as bracing system elements,


check the connection capacity using follwing design load,
75% shear and 75% axial (static + 2.5modal)

Step 5. If connection type is classified as follows :


Cilp Angle Type : check the connection with 3.98 ton(Double Angle Capacity)
(Ref. “Calculation of Clip Angle(L100X100X10) capacity with prying effect”)
Shear Connection type : check the connection with 4.54 ton(Bolt Shear Capacity)

Step 6. If guide post elements are :


check the connection capacity using follwing design load,
the Load Capacity coming form Guide Poster
2. Reinforcement

Step 1. Use following reinforcement type Design load/ Angle Capacity


For Type 2, 20, 200, 2000, 50, 500 : the design load is Max force from analysis
(including 2.5 times modal load)
For Type 3 : angle capacity increased 4ton / bolt(Refer to Angle Capacity of Type 3)
For Type 30 : angle capacity increase 6.5ton/bolt (Refer to Angle Capacity of Type 30)
For Type Special : the design load is Max force form analysis
(including 2.5 times modal load)

Step 2. Select Reinforcement Type


(Ref. “REINFORCEMENT OF BEAM CONNECTION”,
Consider the interference with others(Brace, Handrail and grating etc.) and choose the
Proper reinforcement plate type in the sketch “REINFORCEMENT OF BEAM
CONNECTION”. )

Step 3. Check plate and weld capacity reinforced

3. Connection of beams with Guide Post

Step 1. Calculate Design force using the Load Capacity coming form Guide Poster
Step 2. Calcuate the required minimum strength of reinforcement connection
Step 3. Select Reinforcement Type
Step 4. Check plate and weld capacity reinforced
Calculation of Clip Angle(L100X100X10) capacity with prying effect
(AISC 13th Edition)

p = 75mm (Bolt Pitch)


t = 10mm (Angle Thickness)
a = 45mm
b = 50mm
a’ = 56mm
b’ = 39mm
d’ = 24mm
d = 22mm
Ω =2
FuA325 = 120ksi
0.75 * FuA325 * Ab
1) B = = 118kN
Ω
d' 24
2) δ = 1 − = 1− = 0.68
p 75
b'
ρ= = 0.696
a'

6.66 ⋅ B ⋅ b'
3) t c = = 32mm
P ⋅ Fu

1 ⎡⎛ t c ⎞ 2 ⎤
4) α ' = ⎢⎜ ⎟ − 1⎥ = 7.91
δ (1 + ρ ) ⎢⎣⎝ t ⎠ ⎥⎦

⎡⎛ t ⎞
2

6) Q = ⎢⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ ⎥ (1 + δ ) = 0.17
⎢⎣⎝ t c ⎠ ⎥⎦

7) Tavail = BQ=1987kgf = 1.98 ton / per bolt


Angle Capacity of Type 3

LINE
a
PATTERN
Yield Line

P THE Pattern

MIDDLE b
1

<ANGLE TYPE 2
3>

SEGMENTS 1

Mp

Mp b
α M p ×b − M p × × cos α × 2 = 0 EQUILIBRIOM Æ
2 cos α
OK
Mp
Virtual Works
b 1
×
2 cos α

a b
δ 2δ
θ1 = = 2δ
θ1
a a θ1 =
θ2 b
δ 2 δ

Mp Mp

SEGMENTS 1 SEGMENTS 2
2δ 2δ 2δ 2δ
δwint = ( M p × b × + M p × b × ) + (M p × a × + M p ×a× )
a a b b

δwext = p × δ δwint = δwext

b a
p × δ = 4 M pδ ( + ) (δ ≠ 0)
a b

b a b = 75mm
pv = 4 M p × ( + ) ∴ p = 8.13( M p )
a b a = 90mm
YIELD STRESS FY = 250 MPa Ω = 1.67

10 2 1
Pa = 8.13 × 250 × × = 30.4 KN ≈ 3ton
4 1.67

TENSILE FV = 400 MPa Ω = 2 .0


STRESS

10 2 1
Pa = 8.13 × 400 × × = 40.6 KN ≈ 4ton
4 2.0

Æ So type 3 used 4 ton per bolt.


Angle Capacity of Type 30

LINE
b
PATTERN
Yield Line

P THE a Pattern
a 2
MIDDLE
THREE
1 3
a SEGMENTS
<ANGLE TYPE 2 2
30>
b b
2 2
SEGMENTS 1&3

Mp

b θ
δ a δ a δ
2 Mp δwint = ( M p × a × ) + ( M p × × cos θ × ) + ( M p × × )
b b 2 cos θ b 2 b
Mp 2 sin θ 2 2 2

θ
SEGMENTS 2

Mp
δ b δ
δwint = ( M p × b × ) + ( M p × × cos θ × ) × 2
b θ a 2 cos θ a
Mp 2 2 2

Mp

⎧ 2δ a 2δ a 2δ ⎫ ⎧ 2δ b 2δ ⎫
∑ δw int = 2 × ⎨( M p × a × ) + ( M p × × ) + ( M p × × )⎬ + ⎨( M p × b × ) + ( M p × ×
⎩ b 2 b 2 b ⎭ ⎩ a 2 a
× 2)⎬

a 4b
= δM p ( + )
b a

δwint = δwext
4 M p 2a b 4 × 400 ×10 2 2 × 90 75
Pa = ( + )= ( + )
Ω b a 2.0 × 4 75 90

= 64.7 KN ≈ 6.5ton

Æ So type 30 used 6.5 ton per


bolt.
Yield Lines Procedure to Determine Connection Capacity per Bolt

SOLUTION TYPE

BENDING IN REO

PLATE TYP Bothe Legs (*)


STIFFENER / FLANGE

(*) WELD MOST BE


BEAM
VERIFIED TO CARRY
WEB
THE SHEAR FORCE
Reo Plate

Stiffener
STIFFENER / FLANGE

IF REQUIRED

b
1 L
2
2 θ
b δ
3 2

δ
KINEMATIC ∴θ =
L
a a
2 2

SECTION 1 &
3 α
Mp
INTERNAL WORK SECTION 1 & 3
b α
2 Mp δ a a
b δwint = 2 × × (M p × a + M p × + M p cos α )
b 2 2 cos α
Mp 2 sin α 2

a a
2 2
Mp INTERNAL WORK SECTION 2

β a b
Mp δwint = δ × ( M p × b + 2 × M p cos β )
2 2 cos β

Mp

EXTENAL δwext = p × δ
WORK

4a 2a 2a 2b 2b
FINALLY δwint = δwint(sec1&3) + δwint(sec 2 ) = M pδ ( + + + + )
b b b a a
2a b
= 4 M pδ ( + )
b a
2a b
∴ δwint = δwext 4 M pδ ( + ) = pδ
b a
2a b
p = 4M p ( + )
b a

APPYING SAFETY
FACTOR
p 4 M p 2a b
× ( + ) > pD (NO REDUCED BY
Ω Ω b a
1.33)
IN TERMS OF “t”

2
4 Fy t 2a b p D = panalysis
× ×( + ) >
Ω 4 b a

Ω × panalysis
t= REQUIRED THICKNESS OF PLATE
2a b
Fy ( + )
b a
p p p p
STIFFENER DESIGN

P p P P p P
2 2 2 2

GOVERN

STIFFENE S
4 M p 2a b
p= ( + ) R
> WELD (0.3Fexx × 0.707 × s × Lw × 2)
Ω b a
STRENGTH
L

(BOTH SIDES)
S

WELDES CONNECTION FOR BENDING PLATES

s t s

2
d =t + ×s (LEVER ARM)
3

m
Mp Fy t 2
M= = (ALLOWABLE BENDING MOMENT)
Ω 4Ω

d
p p

2
M Fy t 1
p= = ×
d 4Ω (t + 2 δ )
3
R2
R2 R1
R1

θ θ

p p

∑F =0
∑ FH = 0
V

R1 sin θ − R2 sin θ = P
R1 cos θ − R2 cos θ = P 2 × R × sin θ = P
R1 = R2 = R P
2×R = P R1 = R2 = R =
2

R1 R2
σ= z=
0.707 s 0.707 s

f = σ 2 + z2 ≤ 0.3F exx

R R ≤ 0.3F exx
( )2 + ( )2
0.707 s 0.707 s

p p
( )2 + ( )2 ≤ 0.3F exx
2 × 0.707 s 2 × 0.707 s

2× p
≤ 0.3F exx
s

2× p
2
2 Fy t 1 ≤ 0.3F exx
= × ×
s s 4Ω (t + 2 s )
3

2 × Fy × t 2 1 2× s2
× ≤ + st
4× Ω 0.3Fexx 3
2× s2 2 × Fy × t 2
+ st − =0 (*)
3 4 × Ω × 0.3Fexx

WE SOLVE (*) TO FINE “S”

− b ± b 2 − 4ac
ax + bx + c = 0
2
x=
2a

2
2 2 Fy t
− t + t2 + 4× × ×
3 4 Ω0.3Fexx
∴s =
2

3
2
2 2 Fy t
−t + t + ×2
×
3 Ω Ω0.3Fexx
=
4
3
3t 2 2 Fy
2 2 Fy s= ( 1+ − 1)
− t + t 1+ 4 0.9ΩFexx
0.9ΩFexx
=
4 (Ω = 1.67)
3