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Problem Solving

Simultaneous equation problems


Section A Section B
1. Two numbers have a sum of 20 and a difference of 8 1. The area of a rectangle is 20cm2. The perimeter of
the rectangle is 18cm. What are the lengths of the
sides of the rectangle?
2. Two numbers have a sum of 8 and a difference of 2. 2. James is 3 times Tim’s age. If I times their ages
together, I get 48. How old are they?
3. 100 tickets were sold for the school talent show. x £2 3. Find the area x+y
tickets and y £5 tickets were sold. £260 was collected in 3y – 2 x-y
ticket sales.
4y + 1
4. Jason and Alex have £5 between them. Jason has 90p 4. I multiply 2 numbers to get -63. Their difference is
more than Alex. 16. What are my two numbers?
5. Chloe and Tino have a combined age of 48. Three 5. There are two brothers: Adam and Ben. If I square
years ago Chloe was double the age Tino is now. Adams’s age, then I get Ben’s age. In three years,
Adam will be half Ben’s age. How old are they?
6. There are 12 goals in a football match between Y10 6. Jim and Tim are sharing money. If I square Jim’s
and Y11. Y10 score 4 more than Y11. money and add on Tim’s, I get £10,050. If I square
Tim’s money and add on Jim’s, I get £2,600. How much
do they each have?
7. I think of two numbers. When I double the first one 7. A triangle has three sides. The sum of the square of
and add on the second I get 17. When I treble the first the two shortest sides equals 20. The difference
one and subtract the second one I get 18. between the two shortest sides is 4. How long are
they?
Section A - answers Section B - answers
1. Two numbers have a sum of 20 and a difference of 8 1. The area of a rectangle is 20cm2. The perimeter of the
14 and 6 rectangle is 18cm. What are the lengths of the sides of the
rectangle? 4 and 5
2. Two numbers have a sum of 8 and a difference of 2. 2. James is 3 times Tim’s age. If I times their ages together, I
5 and 3 get 48. How old are they? 4 and 12
3. 100 tickets were sold for the school talent show. x £2 3. Find the area x+y
tickets and y £5 tickets were sold. £260 was collected in 3y – 2 x-y
ticket sales. 80x and 20y 30
4y + 1
4. Jason and Alex have £5 between them. Jason has 90p 4. I multiply 2 numbers to get -63. Their difference is 16.
more than Alex. £2.05 and £2.95 What are my two numbers? 7 and -9 or 9 and -7
5. Chloe and Tino have a combined age of 48. Three 5. There are two brothers: Adam and Ben. If I square
years ago Chloe was double the age Tino is now. Adams’s age, then I get Ben’s age. In three years, Adam will
Chloe is 33, Tino is 15 be half Ben’s age. How old are they? 3 and 9
6. There are 12 goals in a football match between Y10 6. Jim and Tim are sharing money. If I square Jim’s money
and Y11. Y10 score 4 more than Y11. and add on Tim’s, I get £10,050. If I square Tim’s money
Y10 scored 7 and y11 scored 3 and add on Jim’s, I get £2,600. How much do they each
have? £100, £50
7. I think of two numbers. When I double the first one 7. A triangle has three sides. The sum of the square of the
and add on the second I get 17. When I treble the first two shortest sides equals 20. The difference between the
one and subtract the second one I get 18. two shortest sides is 4. How long are they? 12,16
7 and 3