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The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup by means of anti Q-fuzzy set
theory and M-semigroup theory.

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Vol. 6, Issue 6, June 2019

Dr.S.Sivaramakrishnan1, K.Suresh2 & K.Elamozhi3

Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics, Manakula Vinayagar Institute of Technology, Kalitheerthal Kuppam,

Puducherry 605 107, sivaramakrishnanmaths@mvit.edu.in 1

Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, Manakula Vinayagar Institute of Technology, Kalitheerthal Kuppam,

Puducherry 605 107, sureshmaths@mvit.edu.in 2

Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, Manakula Vinayagar Institute of Technology, Kalitheerthal Kuppam,

Puducherry 605 107, elamozhimaths@mvit.edu.in 3

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup by means of anti Q-fuzzy set

theory and M-semigroup theory.

Keywords: M-semigroup, fuzzy M-semigroup, anti fuzzy M-semigroup, anti fuzzy M-semigroup and anti Q-fuzzy M-

semigroup.

L.A.Zadeh [12] in his pioneering paper, initiated the γ:M→[0,1] be a fuzzy set. Then (M,γ) is called an anti

concept of fuzzy set. Kuroki [5,6,7] have studied fuzzy fuzzyM-semigroup if

semigroups, fuzzy left(right) ideals, fuzzy bi-ideal and fuzzy (i) γ(xy) ≤ max{γ(x),γ(y)},for every x,y∈M,

interior ideals in semigroups. L.Lakshmanan [8] analysed (ii) γ (e)=0,forevery leftidentity e in M.

the complete structure of M-semigroups. Following him,

Example2.3[11]. Let M={e,f,a,b} be an M-semigroup

AL.Narayanan and AR.Meenakshi [9] introduced the notion with the following operation.

of fuzzy M-subsemigroup as a generalization of M-

semigroup. Recently,S.Vijayabalaji and S.Sivaramakrishnan TABLE 2.1

[11] introduced the notion of anti fuzzy M-semigroup.

. e f a b

e e f a b

K.T.Atanassov [2] initiated the concept of intuitionistic

f e f a b

Q-fuzzy set of as a generalization of the notion of fuzzy set.

K.H.Kim [4] introduced the concept of intuitionistic Q- a a b e f

fuzzy ideals of semigroups. b a b e f

Define the fuzzy set γ:M→[0,1] by

In this paper, we attempt a new algebraic structure of an

anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup and study some of their related

properties. Then (M,γ) is an antifuzzy M-semigroup.

II. PRELIMINARIES

In this section, we recall some basic definitions used in Definition2.4[2]. Let X be a non-empty set and Q be a

this paper. non-empty set. A Q-fuzzy subset : X Q [0,1] .

Definition 2.1[8]. Asemigroup M is called an M-semigroup Example 2.5[2]. Let X = {a, b, c} be a set and Q = {p}.

if the following conditions are satisfied. Then = {<(a,p),0.4>, <(b,p),0.2>, <(c,p),0.6>} is a Q-

(i) there exists at least one left identity e M such that fuzzy subset of X.

ex=x, for all x M,

(ii) for every x M, there is a unique left identity, say ex Definition 2.5[10]. Let (G, .) be a group and Q be a non-

such that xex=x, that is ex is a two –sided identity for x. empty set. A Q-fuzzy subset A of G is said to be an anti Q-

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Vol. 6, Issue 6, June 2019

satisfied: Therefore,

(i) A(xy,q) ≤ max{A(x,q),A(y,q)},

(γ∪δ)(xy,q) max {(γ∪δ)(x,q), (γ∪δ)(y,q)}

(ii) A(x−1,q) = A(x,q),for all x and y in G and q

in Q. (ii) (γ∪δ)(e,q) = max{γ(e,q),δ(e,q)}

III. ANTI Q-FUZZY M-SEMIGROUP = max{0,0}

In this section, we introduce the notion of anti Q-fuzzy = 0, for every left identity e in M.

M-semigroup. Hence γ∪δ is an anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup of M.

Definition 3.1. Let M be an M-semigroup and Q be a non- Theorem 3.4. The union of a family of anti Q-fuzzy M-

empty set. A Q-fuzzy subset of M is said to be an anti Q- semigroups of M is an anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup of M.

fuzzy M-semigroup of M if the following conditions are Proof. Straightforward.

satisfied:

(i) γ(xy,q) ≤ max{γ(x,q),γ(y,q)} The intersection of two anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroups

(ii) γ(e,q) = 0, for every left identity e in M. need not be an anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup is illustratre

below.

Example 3.2. Let M = {e, f, a, b} be an M-semigroup with

the following operation. Example.3.5. Let M= {e,a,b,ab} be an M-semigroup, where

a2 = e = b2 = (ab)2 and ab=ba.

TABLE 3.1

TABLE 3.2

. e f a b . a b ab e

e e f a b a e ab b a

b ab e a b

f e f a b

ab b a e ab

a a b e f

e a b ab e

b a b e f

We take Q = {q}. Choose numbers ti [0,1], 0 ≤ i ≤ 5 such that

Define a Q-fuzzy subset γ of M is a function 0= t0<t1<t2<t3<t4<t5.

: M x Q [0,1] by We take Q = {q}.

Define the fuzzy sets 1 (x,q), 2(x,q):M→[0,1] as follows:

1 (x,q) =

Then is an anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup.

2 (x,q) =

semigroups of M, then their union is an anti Q-

fuzzy M-semigroup of M. Observe that 1 (x,q), 2 (x,q) are anti Q-fuzzy M-

Proof. Let x and y in M and q in Q. semiroups.

(i) (γ∪δ)(xy,q) = max{γ(xy,q),δ(xy,q)}

max{max[γ(x,q), γ(y,q)], max[δ (x,q), δ(y,q)]}

max{max[γ(x,q), δ (x,q)], max[γ(y,q), δ (y,q)]}

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≥ 1− max{γ(x,q),γ(y,q)}

Define ( 1 2)(x,q) = (1) = min{1−γ(x,q),1−γ(y,q)}

= min{γc(x,q),γc(y,q)}

But ( 1 2)(ab,q)≤ max { ( 1 2)(a,q), ( 1 2)(b,q)} ⇒γc (xy,q) ≥ min{γc(x,q),γc (y,q)},and

= max{t1 , t2} = t2 γc (e,q) = 1−γ(e,q)=1−0

Therefore, ( 1 2)(ab,q) ≤ t2

⇒γc (e,q)=1,where e is a left identity in M

However, ( 1 2)(ab,q) = t4 , by (1), so t4 ≤ t2 .

This is absurd. Hence C is also a Q-fuzzy M-semigroup in M.

1 (x,q), 2 (x,q) are anti Q-fuzzy M-semiroups, whereas Conversely, let C be a Q-fuzzy M-semigroup in M.

( 1 2)(x,q) is not an anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup. To Prove is an anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup in M, we have

γ(xy,q) = 1−γc (xy,q)≤1−min{γc(x,q),γc (y,q)}

Definition 3.6. Let and be any two anti Q-fuzzy M- = max{1−γc (x,q),1−γc (y,q)}

= max{γ(x,q),γ(y,q)}

semigroups of M1and M2 respectively, then anti product of

Q-fuzzy M-semigroup is defined by ⇒γ(xy,q)≤ max{γ(x,q),γ(y,q)},and

( x )((x, y), q) = max{ (x, q); (y, q)g for all γ(e,q)=1−γc (e,q)=1−1=0.

⇒γ(e,q)=0,whereeisaleft identityinM

x ∈ M1, y∈ M2 and q ∈ Q.

Hence is an anti Q-fuzzyM-semigroup in M.

Theorem 3.7. If and are anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroups IV. CONCLUSION

of M1 and M2 respectively, then anti product x is an

anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup of M1x M2. In this paper, the concept of anti Q-fuzzy M-

Proof. Let x1 and x2 be in M1 and y1 and y2 be in M2. semigroup by means of anti Q-fuzzy set theory and M-

Then (x1,y1) and (x2, y2) are in M1x M2 and q ∈ Q. semigroup theory is defined and some of their properties

are discussed.

Now,(i)(γ×δ)[(x1,y1)(x2,y2),q]=(γ×δ)[(x1x2,y1y2),q]

In further research, the following topics will be

= max{γ(x1x2 , q),δ(y1y2 , q)}

discussed

≤ max{max[γ(x1,q),γ(x2,q)],max[δ(y1,q),δ(y2,q)]}

= max{max[γ(x1,q),δ(y1,q)],max[γ(x2,q),δ(y2 ,q)]} (i) Anti Q-fuzzy linear space,

= max{(γ×δ)((x1,y1),q),(γ×δ)((x2,y2),q)} (ii) Anti Q-fuzzy soft linear space.

Therefore,

REFERENCES

(γ×δ)[(x1,y1)(x2,y2),q] ≤ max{(γ×δ)((x1,y1),q),(γ×δ)((x2,y2),q)}

[1]. K.Atanassov, Intuitionistic fuzzy sets, Fuzzy sets and Systems, 20,

No.1, 87-96, 1986.

(ii)Let e and be two left identity of M1 and M2

[2]. K.Atanassov, New operations defined over the intuitionistic Q-

respectively. Fuzzy sets, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 61,137- 142, 1994.

(γ×δ)[(e, ),q] = max{γ(e,q),δ( ,q)}

[3]. D.Coker, An introduction to intuitionistic Q-fuzzy Topological

= max{0,0}=0

spaces, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 88, 81-89, 1997.

⇒ (γ×δ)[(e, ),q] = 0 [4]. K.H.Kim, on intuitionistic Q-fuzzy ideals of semigroups, Scientiae

Hence γ×δ is an anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup of M1×M2. Mathematicae Japonicae, 119-126, 2006.

[5]. N.Kuroki, Fuzzy bi ideals in semigroups,

Theorem 3.8. Let M be an M-semigroup and Q be a non- Comment.Math.Univ.St.Paul., 28, 17-21, 1979.

empty set. Then is an anti Q-fuzzy M-semigroup in M if

[6]. N.Kuroki, Fuzzy semiprime ideals in semigroups, Fuzzy Sets and

and only if C is a Q-fuzzy M-semigroup in M. Systems, 8,71-80,1982.

Proof. Let be an anti Q -fuzzy M-semigroup in M. We [7]. N.Kuroki, On fuzzy semigroups, Information Sciences, 53(1991),

203-236, 1991.

have for all x,y∈ M and q ∈ Q.

γc (xy,q)=1−γ(xy,q)

ISSN 2394-3777 (Print)

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Vol. 6, Issue 6, June 2019

Semigroup, Ph.D Thesis, Bangalore University, 1993.

[9]. AL.Narayanan and AR.Meenakshi, Fuzzy M- subsemigroup, The

Journal of Fuzzy Mathematics, 11, No.1, 41-52, 2003.

[10]. A. Solairaju and R.Nagarajan, A new structure and construction of

Q-fuzzy groups, Advances in fuzzy mathematics, 4, No.1, 23-29,

2009.

[11]. S.Vijayabalaji and S.Sivaramakrishnan, Anti fuzzy M- semigroup,

AIP Conf. Proc., 1482, 446-448, 2012.

[12]. L. A. Zadeh, Fuzzy Sets, Information and Control, 8, 338-353, 1965.

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