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DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

Precast component : Precast Aircon Ledge Project : Jurong West


N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: AL-Type 1a

Length, L = 1620 mm
Width, b = 720 mm
Height, h = 165 mm
Concrete area, A = m^2
Concrete volume, V = 0.17 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

Weight of component, W = V*D = 4.25 kN

1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 12.75 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4


Lifting hook material = Mild Steel Bar

When mild steel bars are used,

Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 250 N/mm^2


Diameter of bar used, Dia = 10 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 78.54 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 78.54 kN > DL (12.75 kN)

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.4

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 1.26 N/mm^2

Page 1 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Aircon Ledge (AL - Type 1a)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 250 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 40.10 mm < Le (250 mm)

2) During component's erection stage

Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.40

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 250 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 20.05 mm < Le (250mm)

Page 2 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

Precast component : Precast Household Shelter Project : Jurong West


N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: 1PHS1L

Length, L = 1800 mm
Width, b = 2700 mm
Height, h = 2630 mm
Concrete area, A = m^2
Concrete volume, V = 3.34 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

Weight of component, W = V*D = 83.50 kN

1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 250.50 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4


Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

When prestressing strands are used,

Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2


Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 408.01 kN > DL (250.50 kN)

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.4

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 1.26 N/mm^2

Page 3 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Household Shelter (1PHS-1L)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 826.72 mm < Le (1000 mm)

2) During component's erection stage

Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.40

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 413.36 mm < Le (1000 mm)

Page 4 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

Precast component : Precast Roof Panel Feature Project : Jurong West


N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: PRP - C2

Length, L = 7343 mm
Width, b = 1300 mm
Height, h = 400 mm
Concrete area, A = m^2
Concrete volume, V = 3.38 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

Weight of component, W = V*D = 84.50 kN

1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 253.50 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4


Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

When prestressing strands are used,

Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2


Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 408.01 kN > DL (253.50 kN)

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.4

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 1.26 N/mm^2

Page 5 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Roof Panel Feature ( PRP-C2)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 836.62 mm < Le (1000 mm)

2) During component's erection stage

Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.40

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 418.31 mm < Le (1000 mm)

Page 6 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

Precast component : Precast Screen Wall Project : Jurong West


N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: Type - 1SW2

Length, L = 5386 mm
Width, b = 300 mm
Height, h = 3000 mm
Concrete area, A = m^2
Concrete volume, V = 1.70 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

Weight of component, W = V*D = 42.40 kN

1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 127.20 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 2


Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

When prestressing strands are used,

Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2


Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 204.00 kN > DL (127.20 kN)

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.4

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 1.26 N/mm^2

Page 7 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Screen Wall (Type - 1SW2)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 839.59 mm < Le (1000 mm)

2) During component's erection stage

Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.40

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 1000 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 419.80 mm < Le (1000 mm)

Page 8 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

Precast component : Precast Non-Prestressed Planks Project : SKN2C36


(Drain Cover)
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: NPS5

Length, L = 2200 mm
Width, b = 490 mm
Height, h = 70 mm
Concrete area, A = 1.08 m^2
Concrete volume, V = 0.08 m^3
Concrete density, D = 24 kN/m^3

Weight of component, W = V*D = 1.81 kN

At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 5.43 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

Tensile check

No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 2


Lifting hook material = Mild Bars

When prestressing strands are used, complete section A. Else if mild steel bars are used,
complete section B. Else if tensile bars are used, complete section C.

Section A
Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2
Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 0 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL

Section B
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 250 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 8 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 50.27 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 25.13 kN > DL

Section C
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 460 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 0 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 0.00 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL
Page 9 of 16
Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.4

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 1.26 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 250 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 8 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 170.88 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

During component's erection stage

Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 25 N/mm^2

Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.40

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.00 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 250 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 86.46 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

Page 10 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

Precast component : Precast Non-Prestressed Planks Project : KWRC24

Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: NPS-HSB3X-R

Length, L = 2700 mm
Width, b = 1800 mm 0.34 m3
Height, h = 70 mm
Concrete area, A = 4.86 m^2
Concrete volume, V = 0.22 m^3
Concrete density, D = 24 kN/m^3

Weight of component, W = V*D = 5.28 kN

At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 15.84 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 10 N/mm^2

Tensile check

No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4


Lifting hook material = Mild Bars

When prestressing strands are used, complete section A. Else if mild steel bars are used,
complete section B. Else if tensile bars are used, complete section C.

Section A
Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2
Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 0 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL

Section B
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 250 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 10 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 78.54 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 78.54 kN > DL

Section C
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 460 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 0 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 0.00 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL
Page 11 of 16
Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.4

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 1.26 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 300 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 398.56 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

During component's erection stage

Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 50 N/mm^2

Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.40

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.83 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 300 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 10 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 178.24 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

Page 12 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

Precast component : Precast Prestressed Planks Project : Jurong West


N3C30A
Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: 1PS14d-6390

Length, L = 6390 mm
Width, b = 2400 mm
Height, h = 90 mm
Concrete area, A = 15.34 m^2
Concrete volume, V = 1.38 m^3
Concrete density, D = 25 kN/m^3

Weight of component, W = V*D = 34.51 kN

1) At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 103.52 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 25 N/mm^2

a) Tensile check

No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4


Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

When prestressing strands are used,

Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2


Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 408.01 kN > DL (103.52 kN)

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.4

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.00 N/mm^2

Page 13 of 16
JWN3C30A
Precast Prestressed Planks (1PS14d - 6390)

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 500 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 216.07 mm < Le (500 mm)

2) During component's erection stage

Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

a) Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

b) Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.40

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 500 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 9.53 mm
Anchorage length required, L' of each bar = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 170.82 mm < Le (500mm)

Page 14 of 16
DESIGN FOR ADEQUACY OF PROVISION OF SINGLE LIFTING HOOKS

Precast component : Precast Fin Type FN Project : SKN2C36

Component's properties

Using the most critical piece of component for design, Item code: FN 3

Length, L = 2140 mm
Width, b = 2400 mm
Height, h = 70 mm
Concrete area, A = 5.14 m^2
Concrete volume, V = 0.36 m^3
Concrete density, D = 24 kN/m^3

Weight of component, W = V*D = 8.63 kN

At component's demoulding stage

Factor of safety, FS = 3
Design load, DL = W * FS = 25.89 kN
Strength during demoulding, Fcu = 25 N/mm^2

Tensile check

No. of lifting hooks provided, n = 4


Lifting hook material = Prestressing strands

When prestressing strands are used, complete section A. Else if mild steel bars are used,
complete section B. Else if tensile bars are used, complete section C.

Section A
Ultimate tensile stress, Fpu = 1860 N/mm^2
Diameter of strand, Dia = 9.53 mm
Area of prestressing strand, As = 54.84 mm^2
Yield strength of strand, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 408.01 kN > DL

Section B
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 250 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 0 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 0.00 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL

Section C
Utilmate tensile stress, Fpu = 460 N/mm^2
Diameter of bar used, Dia = 0 mm
Area of tensile bar, As' = ( * Dia^2) / 4 = 0.00 mm^2
Yield strength of bar, Fy = n * Fpu * As = 0.00 kN > DL
Page 15 of 16
Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.4

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.00 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 300 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 100 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 41.19 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

During component's erection stage

Strength during erection stage, Fcu = 40 N/mm^2

Assuming the number of lifting hooks used are similar to that as in demoulding stage,
result for tensile check is similar to that in the calculation as in demoulding stage.

Anchorage length check

According to BS8110 Part 1 Clause 3.12.8.4 Table 3.26,


Bond coefficient, = 0.40

Design ultimate anchorage bond stress, Fbu = Fcu


= 2.53 N/mm^2

Assume 90 degree bend, min. Anchorage length either 4*(internal dia. of bend) or
actual length of bar,

Minimum anchorage length provided, Le (assume 90 0 bend) = 500 mm


Diameter used, Dia' = 100 mm
Anchorage length required, L' = DL / [ * Dia' * Fbu]
= 32.57 mm < Le

Note: For prestressing strand the Dia' used = area of prestressing bar used.
Else for single bar, used the bar diameter

Page 16 of 16