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August 2010

North Pacific
Landscape Conservation Cooperative
Landscape Conservation Cooperatives
(LCCs) are member-directed
conservation partnerships among
State and Federal agencies, Tribes,
nongovernmental organizations,
universities, existing partnership efforts,
and other conservation entities. They are
management-science partnerships that
inform resource management actions and
provide needed tools. More specifically,
LCCs generate applied science to inform
conservation actions related to climate
change, habitat fragmentation, and other
landscape-level stressors and resource
LCCs provide a much needed forum to
foster continuous exchange, feedback,
and understanding among resource
managers, scientists, and stakeholders
Haystack Rock, Oregon Islands NWR - a large seabird nesting colony / Roy Lowe, USFWS
addressing large-scale issues. It is
important to note that LCCs do not
replace existing organizations, nor do All will contribute to increased biological In addition to managing the impacts to
they infringe on their jurisdictions or impacts such as alterations in species species from climate change, maintaining
mandates; instead, they provide a forum distributions, disease outbreaks, and preserving State and Federal
for identifying common science questions disrupted food webs, disruption protected areas, and other areas of
and needs for the defined landscapes, of existing plant communities and concern will be a challenge. Inundation
across organization lines. LCCs are part ultimately, increased species extinctions. of lands and loss of land management
of a coordinated national network that is ability for selected species will occur.
North Pacific LCC marine, estuarine,
being developed. Moreover, reduced availability of cold
freshwater, and terrestrial habitats
water and flow alterations may be severe,
The geographic area of the North Pacific support a rich diversity of species and
prompting programmatic changes to
LCC includes portions of four states food webs. Marine and coastal island
support fisheries production across the
and two provinces. Coordination will habitats are essential to seabirds,
geographic scope of the LCC.
occur throughout the region and with waterfowl, shorebirds and other Pacific
neighboring LCCs. Coastal marine Flyway migratory species. Highly In summary, managing North Pacific
waters are included within the range productive nearshore marine ecosystems natural resources and infrastructure in
of this LCC, although the western are key to sustaining healthy populations the face of climate change impacts and
boundaries have not yet been defined. of marine mammals, Pacific salmon, other landscape-scale stressors will be
forage fish, and shellfish. These extremely challenging. The North Pacific
resources also have cultural significance LCC provides partners the critical bridge
Conservation Need to Native Americans throughout the to link science and management to more
Climate change is one of the greatest region. effectively address these hurdles.
environmental and conservation
Forested habitats in the Pacific Coast
challenge of the 21st Century. The
impacts of climate change will exacerbate
ranges support many resident and Partnerships
migrant birds including the marbled The North Pacific LCC will convene
existing stressors on our landscapes, fish
murrelet, spotted owl, and Queen partners with complementary
and wildlife, and natural and cultural
Charlotte goshawk, all species of conservation goals. Participation in the
resources. Expected physical changes
conservation concern. Recently LCC is anticipated to include agencies
include rising mean sea level, widespread
deglaciated habitats in coastal Alaska and organizations that have conservation
melting of snow and ice, changes in ocean
are important to breeding Kittlitz’s as their mission, mandate or authority, or
currents and precipitation patterns,
murrelets, also a species of concern. have identified conservation as a priority.
ocean acidification, and increased coastal
Prairie habitats are host to numerous This includes a number of Federal, State,
erosion and flooding rates.
species of imperiled plants, birds, and Provincial agencies; Tribes and First
mammals, and butterflies.
Organizational Structure n Assess watershed resiliency with
Preliminary discussions with partners changing hydroperiods to inform
are underway to create a framework for restoration investments
integrating conservation management n Develop landscape level analyses
and science. Key conservation issues are of habitat fragmentation to support
being identified that are important to strategic planning
partners in the North Pacific LCC. n Monitor habitat instabilities from
This LCC partnership will consider other invasive species threats and from
organizational models already adopted native species range expansions
by established LCCs, but the partnership n Design and evaluate short- and long-
structure eventually selected will be one term approaches to support wildlife
that best fits the needs of this LCC. This adaptation efforts
planning effort will also be coordinated n Conduct risk and vulnerability
with other existing climate change efforts assessments to identify the most
in the region. sensitive species, habitats and
Following extensive planning efforts ecological functions
by the LCC partners, executive level n Develop information to define factors
oversight will be established that will affecting species recovery under future
guide the activities of the North Pacific climate scenarios
LCC and define LCC priorities. n Assess risks to resources in areas of
Eventually, geographical and/or topical potential inundation from sea level rise
Nations; universities; nongovernmental sub-units within the LCC boundary
organizations; and other entities that will likely will be formed because of the size
benefit from a collaborative approach to of the LCC. Committees may be formed Next Steps
landscape-scale resource management. to focus on specific issues, information n July 2010 to December 2010
management and outreach, and/or • Hold meetings in AK, WA, OR,
The North Pacific region already has a geographic sub-units within the LCC.
number of major partnerships underway CA, and British Columbia –
that capitalize on large-scale biological discuss priorities and functions of
Expected Products and Outcomes North Pacific LCC with partners
planning and conservation design. The
LCC will build upon and support these Products and services developed by the • Form an Interim Planning Team –
already-existing efforts to broaden North Pacific LCC will support natural consider potential options for
collaboration and help advance science resource management decision-making governance and structure
planning and application across the and inform conservation delivery efforts • Expand outreach to include other
landscape as we face climate change on the ground. For example, the LCC potential partners
and related natural resource challenges. may:
• Continue identifying science and
Conservation benefits can be more n Identify high priority research and management needs
effectively maximized by leveraging technology needs
technical and financial resources for • Conduct an inventory of existing
mutually defined conservation objectives. n Apply downscaled climate models at climate change programs
landscape scales to predict effects on • Begin gap analysis of information/
fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats data needed to manage resources
• Begin identifying Steering
Committee Members
• Plan a Leadership Summit Meeting
to establish the Steering Committee
and define next steps

Mary Mahaffy
Interim North Pacific LCC Coordinator
USFWS, Lacey, WA, 360-753-7763
Stephen Zylstra
Regional Landscape Conservation
Manager, USFWS, 503-231-6237

Additional Information
Left: Waldron Island, North Puget Sound / Judy Lantor, USFWS