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TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING AND NETWORKS Sem/Year: VII/IV

KINGS
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND


COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK

SUBJECT CODE : EC1404 SEM / YEAR : VII/ IV

SUBJECT NAME : TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING AND NETWORKS

Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam


TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING AND NETWORKS Sem/Year: VII/IV

UNIT – I
MULTIPLEXING
PART – A (2 MARKS)

1. Define Four Wire Systems?


2. List out the advantage and disadvantage of open wire transmission system?
3. Define TDM?
4. List the basic function of repeaters?
5. Define Nyquist rate?
6. What is meant by intersymbol interference? List out its main causes.
7. Explain SONET / SDH with international standards?
8. Explain the functional allocations of section overhead?
9. Explain the functional allocations of line overhead?
10. Define OAM?
11. How to improve the SONET desynchronizer performance?
12. What are the two bidirectional line-switched ring and functions?
13. Advantage of four- fiber BLSR?
14. Draw the diagram of SPE synchronizing equipment?
15. Draw the diagram of SPE synchronizing VT1.5 desynchronizer hardware functional
components?
PART – B

1. a. Explain in detail about TDM? (8)


b. Explain in detail about pulse transmission? (8)
2. Explain SONET rings. (16)
3. Explain in detail about SONET networks? (16)
4. Explain in detail the following: (16)
5. Explain in detail about SONET OAM. (16)
6. Explain in detail the following (16)

UNIT – II
DIGITAL SWITCHING
PART – A(2 MARKS)

1. List out the switching categories.


2. List out the Application of rectangular cross point arrays.
3. List out the advantage of folded four-wire switches.
4. Define path finding.
5. Define input associated control & output associated control.
6. Compare input and output associated control.
7. Define the functions of cyclic control stores.
8. Write the formula for implementation complexity of a TST?
9. List out the advantages of a digital cross-connect system.
10. Explain automatic record keeping.
11. Explain remote & rapid provisioning.
12. Explain automated test access.
13. Abbreviate BORSCHT.
14. What are the components used in conferencing?
15. Define grading & grooming.

Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam


TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING AND NETWORKS Sem/Year: VII/IV

PART – B

1. Explain in detail the following: (16)


2. Explain the concepts of blocking probability in the method of Lee Graphs.(16)
3. Explain in detail the following:
a. Folded four-wire switches. (8)
b. Switch matrix control (8)
4. Explain the concepts of time division switching. (16)
5. Explain in detail the following :
a. Pulse-stuffing concepts (5)
b. Multistage time and space switching (5)
c. STS switching (6)
6. Explain the concepts of digital cross connect system. (16)
7. Explain in detail the following :
a. Zero-loss switching (6)
b.BORSCHT (5)
c.Conferencing (5)

UNIT III
NETWORK SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT
PART-A (2MARKS)

1. List out the main sources of clock instability in a network.


2. Why LPF not used in PLL?
3. What are the elements and advantages of elastic store?
4. How to produce systematic jitter?
5. Define slips.
6. How to control the uncontrolled slips?
7. Define pulse stuffing.
8. Define the term asynchronous.
9. List out the features of pulse stuffing.
10. Draw the diagram of M12 multiplexer?
11. What is meant by waiting time jitter?
12. List out the six basic approaches of synchronizing digital network.
13. What is meant by master-slave synchronization?
14. Explain main purpose of state transition diagram?
15. Define protocol.

PART-B
1. Explain the following:
a. Time Recovery (8)
b.Clock instability (8)
2. Explain the concepts of Elastic stores. (16)
3. Explain the concepts of Slips. (16)
4. Explain in detail about Asynchronous multiplexing. (16)
5. Write short notes on network Synchronization? (16)
6. Explain the concepts of network control? (16)
7. Explain the concepts of network management. (16)
Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam
TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING AND NETWORKS Sem/Year: VII/IV

UNIT IV
DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER ACCESS
PART-A (2 MARKS)
1. How to standardize the ISDN network?
2. List out the features of ISDN B channel.
3. List out the features of ISDN D channel.
4. Define NT1.
5. Define NT2.
6. What is meant by ping-pong transmission?
7. List out advantage and disadvantage of TCM transmission.
8. Define D channel protocol.
9. Give short notes on PRS source.
10. Write short notes on clock recovery.
11. What are the disadvantages of LMDS?
12. Draw the diagram of down stream V.90 modem concept.
13. Explain main attraction of PCM modems.
14. Write short notes on digital satellite services.

PART-B
1. Explain the concepts of Integrated Services Digital Network. (16)
2. Describe the conceptual view of high data rate digital subscriber loops. (16)
3. Explain the concepts of digital loop carrier system. (16)
4. Describe the conceptual view of hybrid fiber coax systems. (16)
5. Explain the concepts of PCM modems. (16)

UNIT-V
TRAFFIC ANALYSIS
PART-A (2 MARKS)
1. Define traffic intensity.
2. What are the parameters to characterize the traffic and also write the relation
between traffic, average arrival rate and holding time?
3. List out the assumptions of negative exponential inter arrival time.
4. List out the fundamental assumptions of returning calls.
5. Differentiate lost calls hold system from delay systems.
6. List out the applications of queuing theory.
7. List out the applications of delay system.
8. What are the factors involved in waiting times
9. Draw the functions in queuing system notations.
10. What are the ways depending on the number in the system at the time of an
arrival?

PART-B
1. Write short notes on traffic characterization. (16)
2. Explain the concepts of loss systems. (16)
3. Describe in detail about network blocking probabilities. (16)
4. Explain the concepts of delay systems. (16)
Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam
TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING AND NETWORKS Sem/Year: VII/IV

Kings College of Engineering, Punalkulam