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Smith Mountain Project

Sedimentation Study Update


FERC Project#2210

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Overview

I. Project Description
II. Project Relevance
III. Objectives
IV. Project Status Update
‹ Tasks completed
‹ Tasks remaining
V. Anticipated Deliverables
VI. Project Reporting

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I. Project Description

The sedimentation study will determine how


and where soil erosion is occurring
within the project watershed. The fate
of eroded sediments, whether it be
deposition on land, in floodplains, or
within the project, will also be
determined. Sediment deposition
within Smith Mtn and Leesville will be
quantified. Methods of reducing future
sedimentation will be identified.
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II. Project Relevance

Sedimentation accumulation within the


project reservoirs can have a significant
impact on recreational uses, shoreline
development, and project generation.
Identification of where sediment
accumulation may be most pronounced
will provide information relative to the
development of potential control
measures, if needed.

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III. Objectives
9 1. Update Smith Mountain and Leesville
storage volume curves
9 2. Determine areas of sediment accumulation.
3. Identify problems associated with
sedimentation (rec., fisheries, etc.)
9 4. Determine sedimentation during current
license
9 5. Identify reservoir sediment sources
6. Identify sedimentation reduction measures

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IV. Project Status Update - Tasks

1. Literature Review and Data Transfer


2. Field Reconnaissance
3. Computer Sedimentation Modeling
4. Sedimentation Management
5. Project Reporting & Schedule

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IV. Project Status Update

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Task 1. Lit. Review and Data Transfer

9 Literature for Smith Mountain and


Leesville Lakes.
9 Reservoir sedimentation literature in the
Appalachians.
9 Obtain digital and physical data for
development of sedimentation study.

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Task 1. Lit. Review and Data Transfer

9 State and federal water quality studies,


9 TMDL’s,
9 Geology and soils reports,
9 Land use information,
9 Climatic data,
9 Reservoir management studies and
reports.

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Task 1. Lit. Review and Data Transfer

9 Climate stations
9 Gauging stations
9 Soils
9 Transportation
9 Hydrography

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Task 2. Field reconnaissance

9 Validate aerial photographs


‹ Land use
‹ Road density
9 Identify “new” sources
‹ Development
‹ Construction
9 Characterize reservoir sedimentation from
tributaries

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Task 3. Numerical sedimentation modeling
9 Modeling of upland erosion and
sedimentation
9 Modeling of reservoir sedimentation
9 Edits & review
QA / QC

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Task 4. Sedimentation Mitigation

‹ Evaluate existing sediment control


measures within the project area.
‹ Identify “hot-spots” of erosion and
sediment yield within the project area.
‹ Identify potential measures that may be
adopted to reduce future sedimentation.

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V. Anticipated Deliverables
9 1. Update Smith Mountain and Leesville
storage volume curves
9 2. Determine areas of sediment accumulation.
3. Identify problems associated with
sedimentation (rec., fisheries, etc.)
9 4. Determine sedimentation during current
license
9 5. Identify reservoir sediment sources
o 6. Identify sedimentation reduction measures

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9 Determine Sedimentation Areas

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9 Determine
Sedimentation
Areas

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9 Determine Sedimentation Areas and
Rate During Current License

Smith Mountain Lake Reservoir Capacity Estimates

Smith Mountain Lake Reservoir Storage Capacity


800
790
1964 to 2006 Volume Change (1,000's acft)
780
Elevation (ft, NVGD)

-600 -400 -200 0 200 400 600


770
800
760 790
750 780

Elevation (NGVD)
740 770
760
730
750
720 AEP - 1964
740
AEP - 2006
710 730 1964
200 400 600 800 1000 1200 720 2006
710 Change per contour
Storage Capacity (1,000's acft)
700

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100 300 500 700 900 1,100 1,300

Storage Capacity (1,000's acft)


9 Identify Reservoir Sediment Sources

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9 Identify Reservoir Sediment Sources

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9 Identify Reservoir Sediment Sources

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9 Identify Reservoir Sediment Sources

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9 Identify Reservoir Sediment Sources

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9 Identify Reservoir Sediment Sources

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9 Identify Reservoir Sediment Sources

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9 Identify Reservoir Sediment Sources

1974

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9 Identify Reservoir Sediment Sources

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o Identify Sediment Reduction Measures

o Literature review
o Summarize current measures (local help)
o Identify problem areas
o Present additional soil conservation
measures
o Simulate effects of watershed soil
conservation activities on sedimentation

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o Identify Sediment Reduction Measures

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o Identify Sediment Reduction Measures

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o Identify Sediment Reduction Measures

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o Identify Sediment Reduction Measures

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o Identify Sediment Reduction Measures

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o Identify Sediment Reduction Measures

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VI. Project Reporting

9 Interim progress meetings


9 March
9 September
‹ Draft final report
‹ Nov. 30th, 2006 – internal review
‹ Jan 31st, 2007 – final review
‹ Final report – March 31, 2007

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? Questions ?

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