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Cambodia

Imports: CIF, by origin Exports: Other, by last known destination Trade System: General
Overview:
From 2004 to 2008, Cambodia's exports increased on average by 11.7 percent each year and amounted to 4.4 bln US$ (see table 1 and graph
1). During the same period, imports increased on average by 21 percent each year to 4.4 bln US$ (see table 2 and graph 1). The trade balance
recorded a deficit amounting to 58.5 mln US$, compared to a surplus of 734.8 mln US$ in 2004 (see graph 1). Large surpluses were recorded
with Developed North America (+2 bln US$) and Developed Europe (+0.7 bln US$) (see graph 2). Significant deficits were recorded with South-
Eastern Asia (-1.4 bln US$) and Eastern Asia (-1.3 bln US$). In 2008, trade was concentrated among a few partners: 6 (respectively 7) major
partners accounted for 80 percent of exports (respectively imports) (see graph 3). In addition, USA, the top partner for Cambodia's exports
was the destination of 45.2 percent of exported goods (see table 4).
Graph 1: Total imports, exports and trade balance
(Bln US$ by year)
Exports Imports Trade Balance Table 1: Exports by SITC sections
5 (Value in million US$, growth and shares in percentage)
Avg. Growth rates (%) 2008
4
SITC 2008 2004-2008 2007-2008 share
3 Total 4 358.2 11.7 ... 100.0
0+1 19.2 -7.3 ... 0.4
2 2+4 168.6 33.0 ... 3.9
1
3 0.0 -64.2 ... 0.0
(na) (na) (na) (na) (na) (na) (na) 5 2.6 -5.2 ... 0.1
0 6 32.0 1.0 ... 0.7
(na) (na) (na) (na) (na) (na) (na) 7 104.9 67.4 ... 2.4
−1 8 4 015.9 10.8 ... 92.1
9 14.9 68.0 ... 0.3
−2

−3

−4

−5
Table 2: Imports by SITC sections
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08

(Value in million US$, growth and shares in percentage)


19
19
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

Exports Profile: Avg. Growth rates (%) 2008


SITC 2008 2004-2008 2007-2008 share
Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC section 8) accounted for 92.1 percent of
Cambodia's exports in 2008 (see table 1). In addition to USA, other major partners Total 4 416.7 21.0 ... 100.0
for exports were China, Hong Kong SAR and Canada (see table 4). Top exported 0+1 301.0 18.2 ... 6.8
products in 2008 included documents of title (bonds etc), unused stamps etc (HS code 2+4 134.1 21.8 ... 3.0
4907), jerseys, pullovers, cardigans, etc, knit or crocheted (HS code 6110) and 3 334.3 13.3 ... 7.6
womens, girls suit, dress, skirt, etc, knit or crocheted (HS code 6104) (see table 3). 5 239.0 17.8 ... 5.4
6 1 907.2 16.1 ... 43.2
7 1 078.5 39.3 ... 24.4
8 385.2 23.5 ... 8.7
9 37.3 20.0 ... 0.8

Table 3: Top 10 export commodities 2006 to 2008


(Value in million US$)
HS Value (million US$) Unit value SITC
code 4-digit heading of Harmonized System 1996 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 Unit code
All Commodities............................................................................................................ ... ... 4 358.2
4907 Documents of title (bonds etc), unused stamps etc...................................................... ... ... 902.5 38.9 thsd US$/kg 892
6110 Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans, etc, knit or crocheted.................................................... ... ... 722.8 18.8 US$/unit 845
6104 Womens, girls suit, dress, skirt, etc, knit or crocheted................................................. ... ... 703.1 844
6103 Mens, boys suits,jackets,trousers etc knit or crochet................................................... ... ... 463.0 843
6106 Womens, girls blouses & shirts, knit or crochet........................................................... ... ... 276.8 844
6105 Mens, boys shirts, knit or crochet................................................................................. ... ... 164.0 843
6109 T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted................................................ ... ... 158.5 6.1 US$/unit 845
6108 Womens, girls underwear, nightwear, etc knit, crochet............................................... ... ... 151.6 844
2505 Natural sand except sand for mineral extraction.......................................................... ... ... 117.6 0.0 US$/kg 273
6210 Garments made up of felt or coated fabric................................................................... ... ... 115.2 845

Source: UN Comtrade
Cambodia

Graph 2: Trade Balance by MDG Regions in 2008 Graph 3: Partner concentration of trade in 2008
(Bln US$) (Cumulative share by ranked partners)

Developed Asia−Pacific
Imports Exports
Developed Europe (Herfindahl Index = 0.118) (Herfindahl Index = 0.253)
Top Top
Developed N. America partner partner
South−eastern Europe
5 th 5 th
CIS
Northern Africa
Sub−Saharan Africa 10 th 10 th

Latin Am, Caribbean


Eastern Asia 15 th 15 th
Southern Asia
South−eastern Asia 20 th 20 th
Western Asia
Oceania
25 th 25 th
.5

1.5
−1

.5

0.5

2.5
2

0%

%
0%

%
0%
−1

−0

80

60

40

20

20

40

60

80
10

10
Table 4: Exports by principal countries and SITC sections in 2008 Imports Profile:
(Value in million US$, percentages of country total) Manufactured goods classified chiefly by
Shares by SITC sections (%) material (SITC section 6) accounted for 43.2
Country Total 0+1 2+4 3 5 6 7 8 9 Total percent of imported goods in 2008 (see table
World............................... 4 358.2 0.4 3.9 0.0 0.1 0.7 2.4 92.1 0.3 100 2). Other major commodity groups for imports
USA.................................. 1 970.3 0.1 0.0 ... 0.0 0.2 0.0 99.6 0.0 100 were machinery and transport equipment
China, Hong Kong SAR.... 840.8 0.0 0.0 ... ... 0.1 0.1 99.8 0.1 100 (SITC section 7) and miscellaneous
Canada............................. 291.5 0.0 0.0 ... ... 1.4 0.0 98.5 0.0 100 manufactured articles (SITC section 8)
Viet Nam.......................... 170.8 1.6 87.7 ... 0.9 2.0 6.9 0.5 0.3 100 respectively with 24.4 and 8.7 percent of
United Kingdom............... 155.9 0.0 0.0 ... ... 0.5 6.1 93.4 0.0 100 imports. Top imported products in 2008
Netherlands..................... 152.1 0.0 0.0 ... 0.0 0.6 1.3 98.1 0.0 100 included knit or crochet fabric, nes (HS code
Germany.......................... 138.2 0.0 0.1 ... ... 1.4 10.6 87.8 0.1 100 6002), woven fabric of synthetic staple fibres,
Spain................................ 124.1 0.1 0.0 ... ... 0.1 4.2 95.6 ... 100
nes (HS code 5515) and oils petroleum,
bituminous, distillates, except crude (HS
Singapore........................ 113.6 1.0 3.0 ... 0.2 0.6 23.7 61.7 9.7 100
code 2710) (see table 5).
Belgium............................ 51.0 0.0 0.0 ... ... 5.1 1.4 93.5 0.1 100

Table 5: Top 10 import commodities 2006 to 2008


(Value in million US$)
HS Value (million US$) Unit value SITC
code 4-digit heading of Harmonized System 1996 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 Unit code
All Commodities............................................................................................................ ... ... 4 416.7
6002 Knit or crochet fabric, nes............................................................................................. ... ... 891.0 3.8 US$/kg 655
5515 Woven fabric of synthetic staple fibres, nes................................................................ ... ... 315.9 4.7 US$/kg 653
2710 Oils petroleum, bituminous, distillates, except crude................................................... ... ... 307.6 0.2 US$/kg 334
8703 Motor vehicles for transport of persons (except buses)............................................... ... ... 153.7 21.0 thsd US$/unit 781
4907 Documents of title (bonds etc), unused stamps etc...................................................... ... ... 120.5 1.1 thsd US$/kg 892
2402 Cigars, cigarettes etc, tobacco or tobacco substitute................................................... ... ... 117.1 4.5 US$/kg 122
8711 Motorcycles, bicycles etc with auxiliary motor............................................................. ... ... 116.4 785
8704 Motor vehicles for the transport of goods.................................................................... ... ... 115.6 782
8517 Electric apparatus for line telephony, telegraphy......................................................... ... ... 114.5 764
5509 Yarn (not sewing), synthetic staple fibre, not retail...................................................... ... ... 82.8 3.9 US$/kg 651

Source: UN Comtrade