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News of the Bataan Death March sparked outrage in the US, as reflected in this poster.

At dawn on 9 April, and against the orders of Generals Douglas MacArthur and Jonathan
Wainwright[m  ·, Major General Edward P. King, Jr., commanding Luzon Force, Bataan, Philippine
Islands, surrendered more than 75,000 (67,000 Filipinos, 1,000 Chinese Filipinos, and 11,796 Americans)
starving and disease-ridden men. He inquired of Colonel Motoo Nakayama, the Japanese colonel to
whom he tendered his pistol in lieu of his lost sword, whether the Americans and Filipinos would be well
treated. The Japanese aide-de-camp replied: ͞We are not barbarians.͟ The majority of the prisoners of
war were immediately robbed of their keepsakes and belongings [8· and subsequently forced to endure a
61 mi (98 km) march in deep dust, over vehicle-broken macadam roads, and crammed into rail cars to
captivity at Camp O͛Donnell. Thousands died en route from disease, starvation, dehydration, heat
prostration, untreated wounds, and wanton execution.

Those few who were lucky enough to travel to San Fernando on trucks still had to endure more than
25 mi (40 km) of marching. Prisoners were beaten randomly, and were often denied food and water.
Those who fell behind were usually executed or left to die. Witnesses say those who broke rank for a
drink of water were executed, some even decapitated. Subsequently, the sides of the roads became
littered with dead bodies and those begging for help.

On the Bataan Death March, approximately 54,000 of the 75,000 prisoners reached their destination.
The death toll of the march is difficult to assess as thousands of captives were able to escape from their
guards. All told, approximately 5,000ʹ10,000 Filipino and 600ʹ650 American prisoners of war died
before they could reach Camp O'Donnell.[9·

Harrodsburg, Kentucky was the city with the most members in the Death March, at 66. These men are
known as the Harrodsburg Tankers.

The Death March

Prisoners on the march from Bataan to the prison camp, May 1942. (National Archives). Also
appears [1·.
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