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EVIDENCE

I.c DMISSIBILITY

A.c RELEVANCEc
c
Ú E 401ccRelevantcevidence"ceanscevidence having any tendency to make the existence of any factc
thatciscccnsequencectcthecdeterinatinccthecactincmore probable or less probablecthancitculdcec
ithutcthecevidencec
c
.c LicalcRelevanceccatccnclacevidenceciscrelevantcicitctendsctcestalishcthec
intcrchichcitciscered,candcmaterialcicitcearscncthecissuescinctheccase.c

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charescandcincreasesc railityccindincthatctheccriecccurredÎrelevant.c

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Ú E 403: Althuhcrelevant,cevidence may be excluded if its probative value is substantially
outweighed by the danger of unfair prejudice,ccnusinccthecissues,crcisleadincthecury,crcyc
cnsideratinsccunduecdelay,castecctie,crcneedlessc resentatincccuulativecevidence.
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uteihcthecdanercc reudicecincrderctcecadissile.c

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adittedcunderc
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.c EXCETYNScTcANcNcCARACTERcEVY ENCEc

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character;ccayccrss excncthecissuecrcercreuttalcitnessesc
i.c Allscnlycadissincc   ccharacterctraitc
hnestycrcthetc
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ii.c caycnlycreutcthecs eciicctraitcintrducedc
i.c ncdirectcaycnlycintrducecre utatincc ininc
ii.c nccrsscaycasccs eciicccnductcutcextrinsiccevidencecc
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)cÚ E 404(a)(2) VictiscCharacterccaycntcintrducecevidenceccvictisc
charactercuntilc c enscthecdr´cc
i.c Sel eensecCasesccic cerscevidenceccvictiscvilentccharacterc
tc rvecsel deense,ctheccaycres ndcithcevidencecc scvilentc
charactercrccthecvictisc eaceulccharacter.c
ii.c Vilentccharactercaycalscecintrducedctcshceectcnclistenerc

ntchearsay)cic cneccvilentcre utatincrcacts.c

c)c Ú E 404(b)ccEvidencecctherccriescrcrnsciscntcadissilectc rvec
charactercincrderctcshccnritycthereith.c
seecel)c

d)cSex Offense CasescRulesc c ree tccc

c cc c
i.c Ú E 412² ape Shield Law: (a) evidenceccsexualc redis sitincrc
actsccvicticiscntcadissilecinccriinalctrial;c(b)cevidencecisc
adissileccs eciiccactsccvictictc rvecinurycrcthercsurce,c
evidenceccs eciiccactsceteenc candcvictictc rveccnsent;c
evidencecrequiredcyc sccnst.crihtsc
ii.c Ú E 413: evidencecccissincc astcsexualccriesciscadissilec
iii.c ierinc ininscnchethercc eritscudectcexcludecthisc
evidencecasedcncalancinc
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C.c AYTcRcRTYNEc
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crrratedcrcntcandcreardlessccthec resencecceyeitnesses,cis relevant to prove that the conduct
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a)c S eciicityËdescntcincludeceneralcdis sitinsc

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c)c uratinËevidencecclenthccrutinec

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atercancincidentccanntcecadittedcasci liedcadissins,cutcaycecadittedcasc
rccnershi /cntrl,ceasiilitycc recautincrci eachent.c

a)c licyccencurainci rveentscrcsaetyc

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.c Ú E 408²C riseccexcludescevidenceccc riseschenceredctc
rvecliailitycrcinvalidityccclai/daaescandcstateentscadecincsettleentc
netiatins.c

a)c nlyca liescncecthecdis utecexistsc
ntc rircadissins)c

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usticec

c)c unclearchethercsettleentcstateentsccancecusedcrci eachentc ur sesc

d)ctherisecdiscveralecdcuentscarecntciunizedcyceinc artcc
settleentcareeentc
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inadissilecasc rccliaility.c

c cc c

a)c Anycadditinalcadissinc
i.e.,cerescneycecausecitscycault´)culdc
ecadissilec
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leasc
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erurycrcruleccc leteness´c

a)c thiscrulec rtectscstateentscthatculdctherisececancadissinccac artyc
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.c Ú E 411²Ynsurancecexcludescevidenceccliailitycinsurancecisceredctc rvec
thatcac ersnccarryincrcailinctccarrycliailitycinsurancecactcnelientlycrc
rnullyc

a)c licyciscc;ncerncrcunairc enalizatinccinsurancecc aniesc

)cRelevanceccncernËdesccarryincinsurancecaecyucreclielyctcec
nelient?c
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II.c QUESTIONING WITNESSES
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a)c everyc ersnciscc etentctcecacitnesscexce tcasctherisec rvided.c
2.c Ú E 605 ± COMPETENCY OÚ JUDGE S WITNESS
(a)cThecudec residincatcthectrialcaycntctestiycincthatcascacitness.cNc
ectincneedcecadecincrderctc reservecthec int.
3.c Ú E 606 ± COMPETENCY OÚ JU O S WITNESS

a)c
a)cAtcthectrial.c
i.c Aceerccthecurycaycntctestiycascacitnesscerecthatcurycinc
thectrialcctheccasecinchichcthecurrciscsittin.cYcthecurrcisccalledcsc
tctestiy,cthec sinc artycshallcecardedcanc rtunityctcectc
utccthec resenceccthecury.c

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decandcrderccexainincitnessescandc resentincevidencectcadvancec
ectivescc

a)c Ascertainincthectruthc

)creventincastecctiec

c)c rtectincitnessescrcharassentcrcunduecearrassentc
C.c YRECTcEXA"YNATYNc
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leadincquestincisc
necthatcsuestscthecanser);ccEXCETYNSc

a)c ±hencnecessaryc
child,ci airedcadult,cexhaustedcrecllectin,cundis utedc
reliinarycatters)c

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itnessciscntcc eratin)c

c)c Adversec artyccassciatesc
autaticallyccnsideredchstile)c
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a)c Requireentsc
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irstctrycleadincquestinscunderc
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directcexainatincandctheccrediilityccthecitnessc

a)c artycreclsedcnccrsscrc ursuincact iccecausecitcasceyndcattersc
raisedcncdirectcayclatercrecallcthecitnessc
descntca lyctccrecallinc
criinalc cscciscusuallycivencsecleeaycsuectctcthcAendcrihtcc )c
.c Ú E 611(c)c eritscleadincquestinscnccrss exainatinc
adversecitnessescarec
autaticallychstile)c
.c RYGTccYNSECTYNc

c cc c

a)c Ú E 612(1)² cuentscusedctcrereshcacitnessescerycncdirectcustc
ecturnedcverctc sinccunselcrcreviecandcusecdurinccrssc
exainatinc
rivileeciscautaticallycaivedcinctrial)c

)cÚ E 612(2) eritsccurtcdiscretincinchethercdcuentscusedctc re arecac
itnessc rirctctrialcustcecdisclsedcc
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.c c undcquestinsc
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G.c EXCL YNGc±YTNESSESËÚ E 615c
.c Y"EAC"ENTc
.c GENERALc

a)c Ú E 607Ëanycitnessesc
evencyurcn)cayceci eachedc
i.c rleccCancyuccallcacturncat´citnesscrcthec ur secc
i eachinctcintrducecac rircincnsistentcstateent?c
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c)c undatincrequireentËcrss exainercustcquestincthecitnesscautcthec
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itnessc

d)crhiitincnclsterinËitnessccrediilitycaycntceclsteredcithc
evidencecrelevantcnlycrcthatc ur secuntilcaterci eachentc
i.c Ú E 608(a)(2)cevidenceccitnessccharactercrctruthulnesscntc
adissilecincasenceccattaccnccharacterc
ii.c Ú E 801(d)(1)(B) rirccnsistentcstateentscinadissilecuntilc
itnessccrediilitychasceencattacedc
exce tcinccaseccra e)c
.c YAScY"EAC"ENTc

a)c Ncs eciiccrulecvernsciascutcacnuercreerencecitc
i.c Ú E 402²aditscrelevantcevidencecunlesscexcludedcycanthercrulec

c cc c
ii.c Ú E 408²settleentcerscinadissilecexce tctc rveciascrc
reudiceccitnessc
iii.c Ú E 411²liailitycinsurancecinadissilecexce tctc rveciascrc
reudicec
iv.c Ú E 801(d)(1)(B)² rirccnsistentcstateentcinadissilecunlessctc
reutcchareccaricatincrci r ercinluence/tivec

)cEvidencecciasceredcrci eachentccacitnessciscadissilecicitc
aescacactctchichcthecitnesschasctestiiedcrecrclessc rale.cc
 
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ac risncancthatcrequiredcitsceersctccitc erury]c

c)c Ú E 403ccntrlschethercextrinsiccevidencectci eachcisc eritted.c
.c SENSRYcCAACYTYc

a)c hysicalcdeectscaycecrelevantctci eachcsensryc erce tinc
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)c"entalccnditincaycecrelevantctccrediilitycde endincnccnditin.c

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thesecissuesccanc
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a)c Ú E 404(a)(3)c eritscintrductincccharactercevidenceccacitnesscasc
rvidedcincrulesc ,c,c c

)cÚ E 608(a)² inincandcre utatincevidencecadissilecnlycascreardinc
truthulnesscandcnlycaterctheccharacterccthecitnesscrctruthulnesschasc
eencattacedc

c)c Ú E 608(b)²s eciiccinstancescadittedctcshcuntruthulccharacterccancec
ruhtcutcnccrsscutcntc rvedcycextrinsiccevidencec
evencicitnessc
deniescthecincidentcnccrss)c
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c elcavralectestinyciscadissilecascdenstratincc
untruthulness.ccRulec
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inrinincu ncthecrihtscctherscrc ersnalcain.´cc
 
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ii.c Ú E 403calancincstillcrequiredc
iii.c dcaithcasis in actcrequireentc
iv.c rivileecaainstcsel incriinatincstillca liesc

d)cÚ E 609(a)²rircCnvictinscccancecadittedctcshcuntruthulc
charactercic
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c c c c
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curtcustceihcthec rativecversusc reudicialcvaluecasedc
ncthecrecrd.cc* 
   
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atercincliinecrulincthatc rirccnvictincascadissile]c
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criinalcraud,ceezzleent,calsec retensesc
i.c Seccurtscallcinquirycintcs eciiccactsccrecrdctcrinc
ac rirccnvictincithinc
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iii.c LY"YTATYNSc
i.c Ú E 105ËLiitincinstructincrequiredcu ncrequestc
ii.c Ú E 609(b)Ëctencyearcliitc
iii.c Ú E 609(c)² ardnccannulentc
iv.c Ú E 609(d)²uvenileccnvictinscntcadissilectcshc
untruthulnessc
utcaycecrctherc ur ses)c
iv.c "ET ccRc
i.c elicitedcnccrssËrulecdescntcs eciychethercitnesscayc
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crsscautcs eciiccinstancescccnductcncthec artcc rinci alcitnessc

analusctc
a))c
.c Ú E 610Ëcantceci eachedcncreliiuscviesc
.c Ú E 613²RYRcYNCNSYSTENTcSTATE"ENTSËaycecusedctci eachc

a)c Yncnsistencyc
i.c rircissinccaterialcactc
ii.c Stateentscindicatinc rirclacccnledec
iii.c Claicclaccceryc
herecclaicisccntrived)c

)cExtrinsiccevidencecc rircincnsistentcstateentscaycecintrducedcsclnc
ascthecitnesschascthec rtunityctcres ndctcthecevidencec
undatin)c

c)c
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d)cEXCETYNSc
i.c Ú E 801(d)(2)²descntca lyctcadissincc artyc nentc
ii.c rircYncnsistentcCnductËntcvernedcyc;cadissilecrc
i eachentcandcalscadissilecsustantivelycasci liedcadissin.cc

c cc c
iii.c Ú E 801(d)(1)( )²hearsaycexce tincrc rircincnsistentc
stateentsctaencundercathc
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anthercitnesscandctestinyciscadissilecreardlessccasenceccdirectc
i eachentc

a)c Ú E 403cvernsctcdeterinecadissiilityccitness;ccncerncrcitnessesc
hsecnlyc ur secisctccntradictctestinycnccllateralcatter´c
ntc
centralcissue)c
.c Ú E 610²RELYGYScELYEËreliiusceliescarecntcadissilectcsu rtc
rci eachcitnessccrediilityc

a)c descntc rhiitcintrductinctcshciascrcrctherc ur sec
c
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mc Re utatinË
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mc rircActsË
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c cc c
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rinci alcandcthirdc arties.c

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veralcacts.c

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(a) Scope of rule.

Thiscrulecvernscnlycudicialcnticeccadudicativecacts.c

c cc c
(b) Kinds of facts.

Acudiciallycnticedcactcustcecnecntcsuectctcreasnalecdis utecincthatcitcisc
eitherc
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questined.c

(c) When discretionary.

Accurtcayctaecudicialcntice,chethercrequestedcrcnt.c

(d) When mandatory.

Accurtcshallctaecudicialcnticecicrequestedcycac artycandcsu liedcithcthec


necessarycinratin.c

(e) Opportunity to be heard.

Ac artyciscentitledcu nctielycrequestctcanc rtunityctcecheardcasctcthec


r rietycctaincudicialcnticecandcthectenrccthecattercnticed.cYncthecasencecc rirc
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(f) Time of taking notice.

åudicialcnticecaycectaencatcanycstaeccthec rceedin.c

(g) Instructing jury.

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