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Building Elements and Materials : BE39

Statement • Taps in kitchen sinks or utility rooms do not need to be aerated


or low flow restrictors as the water used here is generally for
This code considers some of the options for reducing potable water use
cooking or drinking rather than washing, and so a set amount of
in buildings through the careful selection of sanitary ware and fittings.
water is required.
It also sets specific water conservation measures and targets that will
apply to the Newquay Growth Area.
Specifying sanitary ware which is low or no water use will significantly
reduce water consumption. This is applicable for both commercial and
residential buildings. In both cases however, the sanitary ware must
meet the performance requirements set out below.

Dwellings
In dwellings water conservation should look to reduce consumption
from an average 175l/d per person to 100l/d with 70% of water for
flushing toilets to be supplied from harvested rainwater.
Levels of performance to be achieved in dwellings are;

WC’s
• Dual flush toilets shall be installed throughout. 6/3 litre flush
toilets are the minimum standard. 4/2 litre flush toilets are
now available and may be considered subject to approval by
Water Authority and appropriate testing to demonstrate they are
effective at low flush.
• Composting toilets, which require no water. While there are Built Form
some on the market which are clean and effective, there is likely
to be significant consumer aversion to this in the short term. This Building Elements and Materials BE39
may be a technology that is considered for the innovative or
Internal Services - Sanitary Ware and Water Use
experimental dwellings
References
Showers
General Requirements: GR05, GR08
• Low flow showers, with a low flow aeration head rated at below
Building Typology: BT01
9 litres per minute should be fitted.
Building Elements and Materials: BE37, BE38, BE40
Basin and Baths Landscape and Ecology: LAN09
• Basins and baths should not be oversized.

Taps Date:

• Taps in basins should have flow restrictors or be aerated to Revision:


reduce the water flow.

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
127
Building Elements and Materials : BE39
Commercial and other Non Residential Buildings Water Meters
In commercial and ‘dry’ industrial buildings water conservation Water supplies to all buildings will be metered. Meter should be in
should look to reduce consumption from an average of 50l to 90l/ readily accessible location that will encourage owners to read them
d per person to 40l/d. For commercial uses with canteens and ‘wet’ on a regular basis to check their water use and identify early any leaks
Automatic
industrial processes specific targets will be set for individual buildings. developed on their private supply pipes. Change Over
Mains Water
Generally, however, 100% of water for flushing toilets to be supplied AA Air Gap
Control Unit
from harvested rainwater. Rainwater Harvesting
Levels of performance to be achieved in commercial and other non Rainwater harvesting or recycling will be used for replacement Filter
Overflow Trap
residential buildings are; for potable water in toilet flushing and for irrigation of gardens and Water Level
Suction Filter Monitor
landscaped areas in all buildings and public open spaces to assist in Pump
Smoothing Inlet
WC’s meeting the minimum requirements set out above.
• Dual flush toilets as for dwellings. Rainwater Harvesting
Grey Water Recycling
• Composting toilets may be considered as an innovative
or experimental measure for some commercial or public Grey water recycling will not be a requirement of the early phases
buildings. but developers who are minded to explore this option are requested
to contact the Duchy of Cornwall at the time that their project
comes forward to establish their position with regard to this evolving
Urinals
technology.
• Urinals should either be fitted with movement detectors, to
ensure flushing only when required, or should be waterless.

Showers
• Where fitted showers shall meet the same performance criteria
as for dwellings. Built Form
Taps Building Elements and Materials BE39
• Taps in basins should have flow restrictors or be aerated to Internal Services - Sanitary Ware and Water Use
reduce the water flow and should be fitted with automatic close
facility. References

• Taps in kitchen sinks or cleaning sinks do not need to be aerated General Requirements: GR05, GR08
or low flow restrictors as set amount of water is required. Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials: BE37, BE38, BE40
Landscape and Ecology: LAN09

Date:
Revision:

4.0 Building Code


128 Newquay Growth Area ~ BUILDING CODE
Building Elements and Materials : BE40
Statement Dryers
This code considers some of the options for reducing energy and water • Dryers are energy intensive appliances. Energy rating B minimum.
use in buildings through the careful section of appliances. It also sets Rating A preferred.
specific energy and water use measures and targets that will apply to
Where white goods are not provided information on purchasing energy
the Newquay Growth Area
efficient white goods shall be included in the Home User Guide

Appliances
Where white goods are provided they shall comply with the Codes
minimum eco labeled energy rating. Developers are encouraged to
install appliance which improve on this minimum standard and meet
the requirements set out below;

Fridges/Freezers
• Energy rating A+ minimum for fridges, freezers and/or fridge
freezers.

Cookers
• Energy rating A minimum, electric/gas ovens and hobs
• Provision of microwave ovens.

Dishwashers
• Energy rating A minimum. Rating AAA preferred (AAA gives A
for energy rating, A for wash cycle and A for drying.)
• Water use should be less than 14 litres per cycle for 12 setting Building Elements and Materials BE40
dishwasher
Internal Services - Electrical Eco Labelled White Goods
Washing machines
References
• Energy rating A minimum. Rating A+AA preferred (A+ for energy,
A for wash cycle and A for spin) General Requirements: GR05, GR07, GR08

• Washing machines should be selected for low water use per Building Typology: BT01
cycle. Ideally below 50 litre per cycle for a 6kg load. Building Elements and Materials: BE37, BE38, BE39
Landscape and Ecology:
Washer dryers
• These are inherently less energy efficient and therefore washing
machines are preferred. Where specified at least a B rating for Date:
energy use should be specified. Rating A preferred. Revision:

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
129
Building Elements and Materials : BE41
Statement
Internal Lighting
All internal lighting shall be low energy lights, using tubular, fluorescent,
compact fluorescent and LED lamps.
The internal lighting design in commercial, mixed use, community and
public buildings shall be designed by a specialist consultant to ensure
that high quality, efficient light fittings and luminaries with appropriate
diffusers are specified. Individual desktop lighting is preferred over 3
Good examples of street lighting
fixed lighting wherever possible, with low background lighting. Motion
sensors shall be incorporated, where appropriate, to enable the lighting
to be switched off automatically when activity stops in a room.
Lighting in all occupied areas should be in zones to allow separate
controls.

External Lighting
All external lighting shall be low energy lights.
Space lighting shall be designed to accommodate only compact
fluorescent lamps (CFL).
Security lighting shall be designed to meet the following criteria; all
intruder lighting to be 150 watts maximum and be fitted with PIR and
daylight sensor; all other types of security lighting to accommodate
3
CFL’s or fluorescent strips only and be fitted with dawn to dusk sensors
or timers.
Street Lighting shall comply with Code LAN15 Building Elements and Materials BE41
The external lighting shall be reduced to minimum levels suitable for
Internal Services - Electrical Lighting
safety and security without being wasteful of energy use.
High levels of flood lighting are restricted to areas of significant References
importance. These areas are identified on the Masterplan. General Requirements: GR05, GR07, GR08
Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials: BE37, BE38
Landscape and Ecology: LAN15

Date:
Revision:

4.0 Building Code


130 Newquay Growth Area ~ BUILDING CODE
Building Elements and Materials : BE42
Statement If laminate or other manufactured boarding is used for flooring, kitchens
etc. it should be FSC or PEFC or equivalent certified. Medium Density
High performance standards are also required of finishing materials.
Fibreboard (MDF) shall not be used due to concerns regarding the use
The choice of finishes should not purely be driven by aesthetics. Instead
of toxic resins risking formaldehyde off-gassing and lung irritating dust
it should be an integral part of the sustainable ethos. In addition to
produced when sawing.
the responsible sourcing of finishing materials, set out in Code BE03,
care should be given to their impact on air quality, as well as design Clay plasters provide a sustainable alternative to conventional plaster
considerations such as their application, appearance and performance or plasterboard and developers are encouraged to use this where
and how it relates to its substructure and adjacent finishes. This holistic appropriate. Clay plasters are also excellent at assisting in regulating
approach to specification will assist in improving the health and well temperature and humidity. Clay plasters can be supplied by Natural
being of occupants. It should be remembered that natural products, as Building Technologies website www.natural-building.co.uk or
well as synthetic, can also contain substances that can cause allergies, Construction Resources website www.constructionresources.com
asthma and allergic reactions, as can animals.
The selection of materials should avoid the use of ozone depleting
substances (ODP) and indoor pollutants, such as volatile organic
compounds (VOC), where possible, and should reduce the use of PVC.
Useful websites for eco building products are the GreenPro products
database at www.newbuilder.co.uk ,the Greenpeace website at www.
greenpeace.org.uk and the Construction Resources website at www.
constructionresources.com
Where possible materials should be as close to natural as possible;
linoleum not vinyl; timber not chipboard; screwed not glued, oiled or
waxed not varnished and so on.
Paints for both internal and external use shall be environmentally
friendly odourless and solvent free. Built Form
Where adhesives are used they shall be low odour and low VOC. Building Elements and Materials BE42
Floors must be designed and built so that any floor of any storey can be
Finishes
covered with any finishing material, carpet, timber or stone.
For health and sustainable reasons timber flooring is generally References
preferred to carpet finish. In wet areas consideration should be given General Requirements: GR05, GR08
to ceramic tiles, natural stone or linoleum made from renewable raw
materials. Vinyl flooring should be avoided where possible. Where Building Typology: BT01
carpets are provided they should be made form natural products such Building Elements and Materials: BE02, BE03
as wool, sisal or hemp. Foam backing should not be used as it contains
Landscape and Ecology:
formaldehyde. Recycled carpets are now available.
A minimum of 75% of finishing timber shall be from sustainable sources
selected from suppliers certified by the Forest Stewardship Council Date:
(FSC) or Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) Revision:
or equivalent and from UK sources where appropriate and available.
The remaining timber shall be of temperate origin.

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
131
Building Elements and Materials : BE43
Statement
There is increasing need for alternative approaches to waste disposals
to reduce the reliance on landfill and to encourage recycling and waste
minimisation.
Restormel Borough Council operates a four weekly collection scheme
for paper, glass, cans and textiles. This is being upgraded to a fortnightly
scheme and will also include collection of cardboard and plastic
bottles
Developers shall work will Restormel Borough Council to ensure that
the current and future provisions for both non-recyclable and recyclable
waste are met.

Recycling Bins
To encourage the use of this service, each dwelling must be provided
with space to store recyclable materials, both at source (ie in the
kitchen) and with the general refuge. This provision will assist in making
recycling an everyday part of life.
There are a number of proprietary storage bins which are appropriate
for storage of recyclable waste and can be built into the kitchen. These
range from individual stacking bins of approximately 50 litres, to pedal
bins with two or more compartments. It is suggested that the following Over elaborate bin store
storage should be considered:
• Bin/box for paper, cardboard and textiles. This does not need to Built Form
be stored in the kitchen.
Building Elements and Materials BE43
• Bin for recyclable waste such as glass, cans, plastic bottles,
either in the kitchen or utility room. Recycling
Space for a bin for compostable material, should be provided either in
References
the kitchen or utility room, together with composting bins in gardens
to all houses to promote the recycling of kitchen waste. General Requirements: GR05

Commercial and Industrial users will be required to provide a waste Building Typology: BT01
management strategy which shall be benchmarked and monitored to Building Elements and Materials:
encourage continual improvement.
Landscape and Ecology:

Date:
Revision:

4.0 Building Code


132 Newquay Growth Area ~ BUILDING CODE
Built Form
Landscape and Ecology
Code No. Description Date Revision
LAN01 General
LAN02 Land Use and Ecology
LAN03 Flood Risk Mitigation
LAN04 Hard Landscaping: General
LAN05 Hard Landscaping: Materials General
LAN06 Hard Landscaping: Permeable Surface
Materials
LAN07 Soft Landscaping: General
LAN08 Soft Landscaping: Trees
LAN09 Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS)
LAN10 Play Areas and Facilities
LAN11 Allotments
LAN12 Public/Private Interface: Boundaries
LAN13 Street Furniture and Lighting: General
LAN14 Street Furniture and Lighting: Street Furniture
LAN 15 Street Furniture and Lighting: Street Lighting
LAN16 Public Art

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
133
Landscape and Ecology : LAN01
Statement
The Masterplan sets the framework for the hard and soft landscape
design.
The landscape design should respond to the character of the surrounding
countryside and areas of settlement.
The landscape design should reinforce the hierarchy of streets and
open spaces indicated in the Masterplan. This hierarchy should be
clearly legible.
Public open space should be clearly defined and the landscape
treatment must relate to its function.
Sustainable principles should inform the landscape design, its
implementation and use.
Site permeability should be encouraged, integrating cycle and
pedestrian movement.
Full accessibility should be integrated in the design of external
spaces.
Where appropriate shading should be provided to help prevent any
summertime overheating.

Landscape and Ecology: LAN01


General
References
General Requirements: GR03, GR04, GR05
Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials: BE01, BE02
Landscape and Ecology: LAN02, LAN03, LAN04, LAN07, LAN09

Date:
Revision:

4.0 Building Code


134 Newquay Growth Area ~ BUILDING CODE
Landscape and Ecology : LAN02
Statement
An ecological survey of the whole Newquay Growth Area has been
carried out by a specialist consultant as part of the EIA. Developers
are required to make themselves aware of the any special habitats,
fauna and flora and any protection measures to be taken during the
construction phases.
An arboricultural survey of the whole Newquay Growth Area has been
carried out by a specialist consultant.
A hard and soft landscape strategy shall be prepared by a specialist
Landscape Architect that complies with the requirements of the
Masterplan and Design Statement.
Trees and planting species will be carefully selected, suited to location,
use and maintenance of the spaces. Guidance in suitable species is
provided in the Pattern Book.
Structural planting will generally be native species. Plants, where
possible, should be sourced locally.
All planting, new and retained, is to be protected throughout the
construction of the neighbourhood.
Habitats that have been identified will require stringent protection
during the construction phase of the development. Any works to be
carried out in any of these areas should be timed to minimise any
disturbance to wildlife.
A site wide Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) strategy shall
be developed incorporating an interlinked network of swales, drainage Landscape and Ecology: LAN02
channels and catchment areas to collect and attenuate the discharge
of surface water. Land Use and Ecology
A long-term management strategy shall be prepared to conserve and References
enhance the quality of the public realm
General Requirements: GR03, GR04, GR05
Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials:
Landscape and Ecology: LAN01, LAN03, LAN04, LAN07, LAN08,
LAN09
Date:
Revision:

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
135
Landscape and Ecology : LAN03
Statement
Part of the site lies within the fluvial flood plain of the Chapel Stream.
Refer to the Flood Risk Assessment within the Water Strategy for more
information.
Finished floor levels for new development shall be set at least 600mm
above the level of the 1 in 100 year floodplain and outside the 1 in
1000 year flood plain area.
No infilling of the floodplain shall be undertaken.
Proposed road bridges should span over the fluvial floodplain so as to
avoid interference with flood flow rates or channel hydraulics.
Car parking within the development should be situated in areas outside
the floodplain.
Safe and dry access and egress should be provided to all buildings on
the site to areas of high ground.
All drainage design for the site shall ensure that flooding to third parties
downstream is not increased as a result of the development. SUDS
drainage techniques shall be adopted over the entire Growth Area. See
the Water Strategy and Code LAN09

Landscape and Ecology: LAN03


Flood Risk Mitigation
References
General Requirements: GR03, GR04, GR05
Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials:
Landscape and Ecology: LAN01, LAN02, LAN06, LAN09

Date:
Revision:

4.0 Building Code


136 Newquay Growth Area ~ BUILDING CODE
Landscape and Ecology : LAN04
Statement
The Masterplan will indicate where the various surface materials are
to be used. For all areas of public open space detailed landscape
proposals are to be submitted to the Duchy of Cornwall for approval.
The co-ordinated use of a limited palette of materials will enable
different areas of responsibility to be distinguished and enhance the
legibility.
Primary and secondary roads within the Growth Area shall generally
be constructed from tarmac. Thicket Mead, Midsomer Norton,
Persimmon Homes, Tetlow King
Roads will be edged by rough surfaced granite kerbs and will have
dropped kerb details at junctions with access points to rear courts or
individual properties.
Hard public spaces will be surfaced in Granite Setts or local slate
or sandstone and will be detailed to suit vehicular loading where
necessary. These spaces will be edged by granite kerbs and associated
detailing of granite grills and junctions with adjacent roads and access
points.
Paths may include steps and ramps but must comply with the
requirements of the Disability Discrimination Act.

Field Farm, Shepton Mallet, Bloor Homes, Tetlow King

Landscape and Ecology: LAN04


Hard Landscaping : General
References
General Requirements: GR03, GR04, GR05
Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials: BE02, BE03
Landscape and Ecology: LAN01, LAN02 ,LAN03, LAN05, LAN06,
LAN07
Date:
Field Farm, Shepton Mallet, Bloor Homes, Tetlow King Revision:

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
137
Landscape and Ecology : LAN05
Statement Slate
The palette of materials should be limited to those that are traditional Slate for hard landscaping shall sourced from local quarries.
to Cornwall, unless specified otherwise. Generally the location and
Slate flags may be used as a surfacing material in hard public spaces.
type of hard surfacing materials is identified on the Masterplan
Slates should generally be of random rectangular size with all four
The following external materials are acceptable under the Newquay edges sawn and laid to a regular pattern
Growth Area Code;
Slate chippings may be used as decorative mulch and for permeable
Granite road surfaces, as indicated on the Masterplan.
Detail showing interface between road,
Slate pavement and public realm
Sandstone
Sandstone
Riven or split face sandstone for hard landscaping shall sourced from
Gravel local quarries.
Bound gravel surface
Block Pavers Sandstone flags may be used as a surfacing material in hard public
Brick Pavers spaces. Sandstone should generally be of random rectangular size with
all four edges sawn and laid to a regular pattern
Tarmacadam and sustainable alternatives
Sustainable principles should inform the selection of surface and Gravel
sub-base materials. Materials should obtain not less than a ‘B’ rating
Gravel shall be to an approved sample. Where identified on the
and should aim for an ‘A’ rating under the BRE Green Guide for
Masterplan gravel may be used as a surfacing material on minor roads,
Specification. The use of locally sourced materials and appropriately
car parking courts and pavements and footpaths. Gravel areas shall be High quality hard landscape surface materials
sourced reclaimed materials are encouraged such as;
edged with either granite setts or timber gravel boards as appropriate.
• Recycled aggregate. This is generally only appropriate if sourced Where possible gravel surfaces should form an integral part of the
from within approximately 30 miles from site, or closer than SUDS system.
non recycled aggregate can be sourced.
• Recycled surfacing. The Highways Agency does allow some Block and Brick Pavers
recycled materials in adopted roads. For other surfacing there
Landscape and Ecology: LAN05
Where permitted in the Masterplan block and brick pavers shall be
may be greater flexibility, including materials with a percentage permeable, see Code LAN06 Hard Landscping : Materials General
of recycled materials
Tarmacadam and sustainable alternatives References
Granite
Generally primary and secondary roads shall be tarmacadam. The General Requirements: GR03, GR04, GR05
Granite for hard landscaping shall be sourced from local quarries. use of sustainable and environmentally friendly alternatives, as well Building Typology: BT01
Roads will be edged with rough surface granite kerbs with drop kerb as recycled materials, will be encouraged. Permeable asphalts are
Building Elements and Materials: BE02, BE03
details at junctions with access points to rear courts and individual available and should be considered where appropriate.
properties. Landscape and Ecology: LAN01, LAN02, LAN04, LAN06, LAN07
For permeable surface materials see LAN06
Granite setts will be used for rumble strips, traffic tables and detailing to Material samples and sample control panels must be submitted to the
tree grilles, as well as surfacing in hard public spaces. Smooth granite Duchy of Cornwall for approval for all surface finish materials. Date:
may be acceptable in some locations.
Revision:

4.0 Building Code


138 Newquay Growth Area ~ BUILDING CODE
Landscape and Ecology : LAN06
Statement
The subsoil allows in almost all areas of the Growth Area for permeable
surface materials to be installed and to function successfully. Permeable
surface materials shall be used where possible for private and shared
access space, car parks and paths.
A permeable surface must be porous and must not clog. It must allow
water to percolate and air to get into the soil
Permeable surfaces should be constructed from recycled local materials
wherever possible. Recommended materials include porous bonded
gravel paving and reclaimed stone cobbles. The Charcon website,
www.charcon.com, and the Interpave website, www.paving.org.uk
provides useful guidance on permeable surfaces and SUDS.
Permeable surface would be required to absorb 180 litre/second/hectare.
Where sub-grades are unable to absorb at this rate, the remainder has
to be retained in the pavement, either to gradually percolate into the
sub-grade or to be taken through a sub-surface drainage system
The removal of permeable surfaces and replacement with impervious
surfaces on private driveways and shared surface will not be allowed.

Landscape and Ecology: LAN06


Hard Landscaping : Permeable Surface Materials

References
General Requirements: GR03, GR04, GR05
Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials: BE03
Landscape and Ecology: LAN03, LAN05, LAN09

Date:
Revision:

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
139
Landscape and Ecology : LAN07
Statement
Planting in the public realm will be governed by the requirements of
the Masterplan. For all areas of public open space detailed landscape
proposals, including planting schedules, are to be submitted to the
Duchy of Cornwall for approval. A list of local plants, suitable in the
Newquay Growth Area is outlined in the Newquay Pattern Book
Tree and shrub planting must allow clear visibility of paths and
spaces.
Lifting and planting of bare rooted trees and shrubs will take place
only in the planting season. This is generally between October and late
April.
All planting, new and retained, is to be protected throughout the
construction period.

Landscape and Ecology: LAN07


Soft Landscaping : General
References
General Requirements: GR03, GR04, GR05
Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials:
Landscape and Ecology: LAN01, LAN02, LAN03, LAN04, LAN09

Date:
Revision:

4.0 Building Code


140 Newquay Growth Area ~ BUILDING CODE
Landscape and Ecology : LAN08
Statement
Structural planting will generally be of native stock.
Street trees to be clear stemmed to a height of 2.1m minimum, and to
be supplied rootballed or pot grown.
Street trees to be planted in pits of minimum dimension 1.2 x 1.2 x
1.0m depth in accordance with good horticultural practice.

Landscape and Ecology: LAN08


Soft Landscaping : Trees
References
General Requirements: GR02
Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials:
Landscape and Ecology: LAN07, LAN13, LAN14

Date:
Revision:

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
141
Landscape and Ecology : LAN09
Statement
A site wide Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) strategy has
been developed, this adopts a combination of interlinked techniques
including a network of swales, drainage channels, retention ponds,
wetlands and catchment areas to collect and attenuate the discharge
of surface water. Ground infiltration techniques will be used in
preference to direct discharge systems wherever practical within the
SUDS proposals. Each phase shall comply with the requirements of
this site wide surface water strategy.
The storm water run-off system from the Growth Area through the SUDS
system will be designed to ensure that the new development does not
increase run-off from undeveloped land and for redevelopment to
reduce run off.
Permeable surfaces shall be used for car parks, residential driveways,
paths and patios, unless ground conditions or water table levels prevent
their use.
Surface water recycling shall be provided as Code BE39
The design of all SUDS systems will be carried out to current best
practice and to standards laid out in ‘Drainage Guidance for Cornwall’
published by the Environment Agency. Further site specific guidance
on the principles to be adopted are included in the Water Strategy
report.

Landscape and Ecology: LAN09


Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS)
References
General Requirements: GR02
Building Typology: BT01
Building Elements and Materials: BE39
Landscape and Ecology: LAN01, LAN02, LAN03, LAN04, LAN06,
LAN07
Date:
Revision:

4.0 Building Code


142 Newquay Growth Area ~ BUILDING CODE
Landscape and Ecology : LAN10
Statement
High quality, accessible play areas are to be provided for children of all
ages within the Growth Area. Play spaces are to be integrated within
the new development in locations indicated on the Masterplan.
Three types of formal spaces are proposed;
• Neighbourhood Equipped Area for Play (NEAP), which is the
largest and is intended for older children between the ages of
eight and fourteen.
• Local Equipped Area for Play (LEAP) for children between the
ages of four and eight.
• Local Area of Play (LAP) for children under the age of six.
In addition to formal play areas, the design uses soft landscaping to Play area,
encourage children’s play. The approach is for play to be more integrated Poundbury, Dorset

into the landscape and community.


Play areas will require safety surfacing beneath play equipment.

Landscape and Ecology: LAN10


Play Areas and Facilities
References
General Requirements: GR02
Building Typology:
Building Elements and Materials:
Landscape and Ecology: LAN01, LAN04, LAN07

Date:
Revision:

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
143
Landscape and Ecology : LAN11
Statement
Government policy relating to allotments is covered by the DTLR
in their guide ‘Growing in the Community: A Good Guide for the
Management of Allotments’ and should be consulted.
Locations for allotments are indicated on the Masterplan.
Allotment plots are traditionally 250m2. This is a large area of ground
and may be daunting or simply too large for many people. Therefore it
proposed to provide a range of plot sizes. 3
Simple, communal hut Example of an allotment property integrating into the urban fabric
Allotment sites shall be provided with a mains water supply. Every plot
owner will have access to this supply.
Toilet facilities must be provided on site.
A simple, communal building shall be provided as both a meeting
place, a central location to display messages and a centre for the sale
or distribution of seeds and equipment
Adequate security measures, such as good fences and hedges, will be
provided to avoid vandalism.
Buildings must be kept neat and tidy.
All non-organic waste should be removed from the allotment, whilst
organic waste should, wherever possible, be composted on site.

Cluttered and untidy storage is unacceptable Simple, neat and tidy plot

Landscape and Ecology: LAN11


Allotments
References
General Requirements: GR02
Building Typology:
Building Elements and Materials:
Landscape and Ecology: LAN01,LAN02

Date:
Revision:

4.0 Building Code


144 Newquay Growth Area ~ BUILDING CODE
Landscape and Ecology : LAN12
Statement • Prominent walls – for example at the entrance to or at key
General Boundary Parameters: locations within the development – will be in stone to a height
of 1.6m Traditional Cornish hedge
• Front gardens facing onto public spaces will have fences, railings,
wall and/or Cornish hedges. These will be between0.75m and
Cornish Hedges
1.1.m high.
• Some boundaries, especially those close to cottage-like
• The boundaries of building plots facing on to rear or garage
dwellings, should be traditional “Cornish hedges”
courts will have walls of between 1.6m and 2.0m high. These
walls will comprise a 0.9m solid masonry with the additional • Hedges or other boundaries already present in the Newquay
height provided by an open timber palisade or trellis fence. Growth Area are to be retained [subject to the Masterplan] and
integrated into the development. New adjoining boundaries
• In front gardens, the detailing of walls, railings or fences used
should successfully blend with the existing Rendered boundary wall Squared ruble stone walling
to define the frontage of the plot will also be used to define the
boundary between building plots. • A standard, free standing stone hedge should usually stand
l.4m above ground level. Boundary stone hedges are often
• All properties with boundaries to semi-public space will have
l.8m or more. The base width should normally be equal to the
access through those boundaries to that space. Access through
total wall height.
walls will be by a gate of an equal height to the adjacent wall
or fence • A foundation course is required for all work not built on rock.

• Property boundaries within rear of garage courts will define • When providing stone, it is important to ensure that all stone
parking spaces and garages associated with individual plots. is of sufficient size to provide stretcher and bonding stones.
These will be clearly distinguished by a combination of fences, Bonding stones should stretch at least 450mm into the bank
walls, and changes in surface materials. and be placed at metre intervals. Smaller stones can be used
when facing an existing earth bank.
Walls • The infill for stone hedges should be granular earth. It should
Rendered boundary wall A cohesive approach to the property boundary
• Most walls facing public or semi-public spaces will be be compacted at least every 150mm. Many craftsmen
constructed in stone of a type to match the surrounding believe weepholes should only be constructed where special
buildings. Walls should be at least 215mm thick. conditions, such as a spring, make their provision necessary. Landscape and Ecology: LAN12
• Stone or rendered walls may have a coping detail of slate or • The top, or cap, of the stone hedge may be finished with turf Public/Private Interface : Boundaries
stone (most common), cope stones, or a combination of the two. This
is dependant on the exposure of the area. References
• Rendered walls will have a plinth of 200mm constructed
General Requirements: GR03, GR04
in either stone, or in blockwork or brickwork painted with
bituminous emulsion Building Typology: BT01
• Continuous walls and coursing over 10 metres in length will Building Elements and Materials: BE02, BE03
run generally parallel with ground level. On slopes of more
Landscape and Ecology: LAN01, LAN04, LAN07
than 20%, walls must be stepped
• Where garage or other walls of buildings are incorporated into
boundary walls the material and outside plane or the walls Date:
should be continuous Revision:

© ROBERT ADAM ARCHITECTS 2006


Building Code 4.0
145