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Joint Estimation of I/Q Imbalance, CFO and Channel

Response for MIMO OFDM Systems.


Submitted by

Sunkari Sandeep
09871D5526
M.Tech (Embedded Systems).
Abstract:

This paper develops a new technique for MIMO OFDM Systems. In MIMO, the signal is
transmitted through multiple (ideally) independent fading paths e.g. in time, frequency or
space and combined constructively at the receiver. Multiple input- multiple-output
(MIMO) exploits spatial diversity by having several transmit and receive antennas.
OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) is modulation method known for
its capability to mitigate multipath. In OFDM the high speed data stream is divided into
Nc narrowband data streams, Nc corresponding to the sub carriers or sub channels. The
combination MIMO-OFDM is very natural and beneficial since OFDM enables support
of more antennas and larger bandwidths since it simplifies equalization dramatically in
MIMO systems. MIMO-OFDM is under intensive investigation by researchers. This
paper provides a general overview of this promising transmission technique.

This paper involves estimation of IQ imbalance i.e. in phase and quadrature Phase caused
by differences in the physical channels for the two components of the signal. I/Q
imbalance cause severe distortion in MIMO. And The impact of Carrier frequency offset
i.e. the signal to be transmitted is unconverted to a carrier frequency prior to
transmission. (The receiver is expected to tune to the same carrier frequency for down-
converting the signal to base band, prior to demodulation) resulting in Inter Carrier
Interference (ICI) while receiving an OFDM modulated symbol, Channel Response for
the MIMO OFDM systems together i.e. Joint Estimation of I/Q Imbalance, CFO
and Channel Response for MIMO OFDM Systems. A new concept called
channel residual energy (CRE) is introduced. We show that by minimizing the CRE, we
can jointly estimate the I/Q imbalance and CFO without knowing the channel response.
The proposed method needs only one OFDM block for training and the training symbols
can be arbitrary. Moreover when the training block consists of two repeated sequences, a
low complexity two-step approach is proposed to solve the joint estimation problem.
Simulation results show that the mean-squared error (MSE) of the proposed method is
close to the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB).In previous papers we study the performance
degradation caused by the in-phase/quadrature (I/Q) imbalance of the transceivers
channel response in multiple-input multiple-output OFDM systems. In this paper we
propose a new low complexity solution for IQ imbalance, CFO and Channel Response to
mitigate the distortion caused by I/Q imbalance, interference caused by CFO
successfully.

Existing Systems:

1. Joint compensation of I/Q imbalance and frequency offset in OFDM systems


2. Frame synchronization and joint estimation of IQ imbalance and channel response for
OFDM systems.
3. Joint estimation of I/Q imbalance and channel response for MIMO OFDM system.
Disadvantages:
1. Most of these methods need more than one training block to achieve
a good Performance.

2. Lack of suitable analysis and simulation frameworks Speed/reliability/energy


Efficiency of the system, the techniques remain unexploited.

3. A disadvantage of this joint transmitter/receiver IQ imbalance and channel distortion


compensation scheme is that IQ imbalance matrix has to be reestimated for every
variation of the channel characteristics even when the IQ parameters are constant.

Proposed System:
In this paper, we extend the method in Frame synchronization and joint estimation of IQ
imbalance and channel response for OFDM systems for the joint estimation of I/Q
imbalance, CFO and channel response in MIMO OFDM systems. By introducing a new
concept called channel residual energy (CRE), we propose a new estimation method that
needs only one OFDM block for training. By minimizing the CRE, we are able to
estimate the I/Q imbalance and CFO without knowing the channel responses. Based on
the estimated I/Q imbalance and CFO parameters, we can easily calculate the estimate of
channel responses. Moreover when the training data consists of two repeated sequences,
we derive a low complexity two-step approach for solving the joint estimation problem.
Simulation results show that the MSEs of the two proposed methods are very close to the
Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) can be founded in previous papers. The paper is organized as
follows. The system model is described and we briefly review the channel estimation
problem for MIMO OFDM systems the joint estimation of the I/Q imbalance, CFO and
channel response is studied. The two-step approach is discussed. We carry out
Monte-Carlo experiments to verify the performance of the proposed
methods. Simulation results are given, Conclusions are drawn.

Advantages:

1. This new method Channel Residual Energy method needs only one OFDM block for
training and the training symbols can be arbitrary.
2. By minimizing the CRE, we are able to estimate the I/Q imbalance
and CFO without knowing the channel responses in this method.
3. Advantages of the proposed designs are illustrated through
simulation and analytical results in terms of estimation i.e. High
accuracy, Low error rate and Maximum efficiency.
4. Low Complexity, Implementation Cost.
Duration: 40 weeks i.e. 18 weeks Literature Survey, 22 weeks Code Development,
Project Completion and Result.

Tools required:

Matlab 7.0 and above

References

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synchronization and joint estimation of IQ imbalance and channel response for
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Man, “Joint compensation of I/Q imbalance and frequency offset in OFDM
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