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An Energy Conversion Devices Company

® Energy Production

UNI-SOLAR® produces more energy in real-world conditions


In the solar business today, system purchases are made on a dollar-per-watt or Euro-
per-watt basis. But, the return on investment (ROI) or payback period is determined by
the amount of electricity, in kWh, the system produces. Third party testing, in real world
conditions, shows that UNI-SOLAR produces more energy for your purchased watt, and,
therefore, provides the best return on investment.

This third party testing, conducted over a number of years, shows the long-term reliability
and performance of the UNI-SOLAR product. This type of proof is something no other flex-
ible photovoltaic manufacturer can provide.

Sources of soiling:
Each UNI-SOLAR
_ laminate utilizes unique triple-junction
+ amor-
• Bird droppings
phous silicon solar cells, where the blue, green and•• Water
red light of
puddling
Concentrations of dust/dirt
the sun is absorbed in different layers of the cell. This technol-
ogy results in better performance in low and diffuse light condi-
tions.

By-pass diodes are connected


SILICON CRYSTAL PV MODULE across each cell, allowing the
CELL CONNECTIONS

modules to produce power even when partially shaded or soiled.


Shade/Soil any one cell = Output loss of 30% (loss of one cell string)
Area of shade/soiling required to cover one cell = 4” x 4” (16 sq in)

_ +
BYPASS DIODES ACROSS EACH CELL

Figure 1. Triple-Junction Technology UNI-SOLAR PV MODULE CELL CONNECTIONS


Shade/Soil any one cell = Output loss of <4.5% (22-cell Laminate)
Area of shade/soiling required to cover one cell = 9” x 14” (126 sq in)

1.0

0.8
triple cell overall
relative intensity

0.6

0.4 blue-absorbing green-absorbing red-absorbing


cell cell cell

0.2

0
300 400 500 600 700 800 900
wavelength in nm
Figure 2. Light absorption effect of triple-junction technology
An Energy Conversion Devices Company
® Energy Production

Maintains energy production at high temperatures


UNI-SOLAR® laminates provide better energy yield at high temperatures. Today, all solar products are rated based on standard
test conditions. In real outdoor conditions, cell temperatures increase with increased solar irradiation, reaching levels much high-
er than standard test conditions. Crystalline silicon modules experience a significant decline in kWh output at high temperature,
while UNI-SOLAR laminates do not. As a result, UNI-SOLAR laminates produce more energy when you need it most.

Measured Temperature Influence - Germany

Source: ISE Freiburg, Germany

Yield in function of module temperature,


Urbino, Central Italy (2003-2004)

Source: University of Urbino, Urbino, Italy


An Energy Conversion Devices Company
® Energy Production

UNI-SOLAR® Performance Advantage (Third Party Testing)


In many locations worldwide, independent third party businesses and institutions collect data on several different photovoltaic
systems. This real world data demonstrates the superior energy production of UNI-SOLAR laminates in high temperatures, low
light levels, and shading. Below are three examples of this data from locations in Tucson, Arizona, USA; Frankenberg, Bolzano,
Northern Italy; and Santa Cruz, California, USA. In each location, UNI-SOLAR outperforms competitive products by producing
more kilowatt-hours of energy per kilowatt installed.

Site: Tucson, Arizona, USA


Source: Tucson Electric Power, Arizona, USA

Average Annual Yield (2004-2007)

a-Sia-Si TJ
TJ (USO) ® 1757

avg. mono-Si
mono-Si 1588

avg. poly-Si
poly-Si 1491

USO Surplus versus:


CIS/CIGS
CIS/CIGS 1419
Avg. mono-Si: +11%
Avg. poly-Si: +18%
avg. a-SI
a-SiDJ
DJ 1243 CIS/CIGS: +24%
Avg. a-Si: +41%
0 500 1000 1500 2000
Average yearly yield (in kWh/kWp) 2004-2007

Site: Frankenberg, Bolzano, Northern Italy


Source: Office for Energy Saving, Province of Bolzano, Italy

Average Annual Yield (2005-2007)

a-Si TJ 1306

poly-Si 1247

poly-Si 1132

USO Surplus versus: mono-Si 1011


Avg. poly-Si: +10%
mono-Si: +29%
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400

Average annual yield in kWh/kWp (2005-2007)


An Energy Conversion Devices Company
® Energy Production

UNI-SOLAR® Performance Advantage (Third Party Testing)


Site: Santa Cruz, California, USA
Source: Solarquest Report

2004 - 2006 Average Annual Yield

UNI-SOLAR 30°
UNI- SOLAR 30°tilt
tilt 1654

UNI-SOLAR
UNI-SOLAR3°3°tilt
tilt 1294

KYOCERA KC120 30° tilt


Crystalline 30° tilt 1268
USO 30° Tilt Surplus versus:
USO 3° Tilt: +28%
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 Crystalline 30° Tilt: 31%
average annual yield (in kWh/kWp)

Santa Cruz Test Site Cumulative Power Production


Energy Production Performance Summary November 2003 - March 2007
UNI-SOLAR PANEL ARRAY (30°) USO Surplus versus Crystalline: +31%
CRYSTALLINE PANEL ARRAY (30°)
500

450

400

350
UNI-SOLAR
300
30°30°tilt
UNI-SOLAR Tilt 13.7 MWh
Kilowatt Hour

250

200
Crystalline
150 Crystalline 30° Tilt
30° tilt 10.4 MWh
100

50

0
Jan 04

Mar 04

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Date

Map Data Produced by the Electric & Hydrogen


Technologies & Systems Center