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Biographies of the Metis Who Petitioned to Join Treaty Four

On September 7, 1876, 30 Metis at Fort Walsh submitted a petition, on behalf of the Metis of the four districts of Assiniboia to join Treaty 4. The following men signed this petition Adam, Jeremie. (b. 1852) Jeremie Adam was born on February 17, 1852, the son of Jean Baptiste Adam and Marie Boyer. He married Julie Larocque, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Larocque and Julie Lemire at Lebret in 1873. He signed a petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880. Adam, Jeremie; concerning the claims of his deceased children: Marie Nathalie, born: 1874, between Wild Horse Lake and Cypress Hills, died: 1878; Baptiste, born: 1876 at Cypress Hills near Fort Walsh, died: 1880; Josephine, born: 1883 at Old Wifes Creek, died: 1887; address: Sweet Grass, Montana; father: Jeremie Adam Mtis and deponent); mother: Julie Larocque (Mtis); scrip cert.: form D, nos.: 1312, 1314 and 1316; claim no. 1292 Adam, Julie, nee Larocque - Concerning her claim as child - Address, Willow Bunch - Born, St. Boniface, 1858 - Father, Jean Baptiste Larocque, (Mtis) - Mother, Julie Lemire, (Mtis) - Married, 1874 on Plains to Jrmie Adam - Children living, four - Children deceased, two (names and birth dates on applicaton) - Scrip for $240 - Claim 1601 Adam, Louis; address: Sweet Grass, Montana; claim no. 1268; born: 22 September, 1884 at Wood Mountain; father: Jerry Adam (Mtis); mother: Julie Larocque (Mtis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 824 Allard, Marie Therese; address: Sweet Grass, Montana; claim no. 1212; born: 10 January, 1876 at Cypress Hills; father: Jeremiah Adam (Mtis); mother: Julie Larocque (Mtis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 778 Adam, Mose. (b. 1849) Moise Adam was born on December 4, 1849, the son of Jean Baptiste Adam 1 (b. 1820) and Marie Boyer (b. 1825). He married Marie Lveill, the daughter of Louis Lveill and Marguerite Gervais at Lebret in 1872, then married Isabelle Poitras the daughter of Gabriel Poitras and Isabelle Malaterre at Willow Bunch in 1909. He signed a petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880. Children:
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Adeline, born May 1885 in Swift Current.

The son of Jean Baptiste Adam Sr.and Madeleine Lemire, the daughter of Pierre Lemire and Marie (Blackfoot),he died before 1832.

Virginie, born 1879 in Swift Current. Zilda, born 1882 in Cypress Hills. Angelique, born 1876 in Swift Current. Marie Josephte born 1874 in Fort Walsh.

Adam, Moise; concerning the claim of his daughter Zilda; claim no. 1283; address: Swift Current; born: 1882 at Cypress Hills; father: Moise Adam (Mtis); mother: Mary Leveillee (Mtis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 844. Adam, Moise; concerning his claim as a child; claim no. 7; address: Swift Current; born: 1849 at St. Francois Xavier; father: Jean Baptiste Adam (Mtis); mother: Marie Boyer (Mtis); married: 1872 at White Mud River to Marie Otikanang; children living: 5; children deceased: 2; scrip for $160.00. Amyotte, Francois II. (b. 1819) Franois was the son of Franois Amyotte Sr. and Marie (Cree), he married Louise Lucie Hamelin1, (b. 1825) the daughter of Jacques-Bonhomme Hamelin (1797-1856) and Marie Allary (b: 1805) sometime before 1843. They are enumerated in the Pembina Census of 1850 as Family # 104. Francois signed Louis Riels August 6, 1880 petition for a reserve in Montana. Amyotte, Francois; concerning the claim of his deceased daughter Mathilde Amyotte; claim no. 804; address: Dunsuth; born: 3 April, 1874; father: Francois Amyotte (Mtis and deponent); mother: Celina Beriau or Boisclair (Mtis); died: 1874; heir: her father: Francois Amyotte, the deponent; scrip cert.: form D, no. 476 Amyotte, Franois; concerning the claims of his two deceased children: Adele and Napoleon; address: Dunsuth; born: Napoleon: 1870 at Dirt Hills; Adele: 1879 at Dirt Hills; father: Franois Amyotte (Mtis and deponent); mother: Celina Boisclair or Bereau (Mtis); died: Napoleon: 8 April 1876; Adele: January, 1879; heir: their father, Franois Amyotte, the deponent; scrip cert.: form D, no. 332 and form D, no. 334; claim no. 693. Scrip affidavit for Amiotte, Baptiste; born: July, 1848; father: Francois Amiotte (Mtis); mother: Louise Hamelin (Mtis); claim no: 2502; date of issue: Apr. 16, 1877; amount: $160. Amyotte, Jean Louis. (b. 1845) Louis the son of Francois Amyotte II and Louise Hamelin. He waa born January 1839 in North West Territories; died before 1938 in the district of Turtle Mountain, near Belcourt, North Dakota. He married Isabelle Ducharme dit Decoutou in 1862 in Red River District (9 children). She was the daughter of Louison Ducharme dit Descoteaux and Isabelle Elizabeth "Lisette" Laverdure. They are identified in the 1900 North Dakota Census, as living in House #410 in the Turtle Mountain district. Jean signed the Metis petition to join Treaty Four at Fort Walsh on September 7, 1876.

Amyotte, Joseph. (b. 1849) Joseph Amyotte was born on November 3, 1849, the son of Francois Amyotte II and Louise Hamelin. He married Marie Anastasie Gladu, the daughter of Charles Gladu and Genevieve Parisien in 1873 at Lebret. He signed a petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880. Belgarde, Jean Baptiste. (b. 1842) Jean Baptiste Belgarde was the son of Alexis Belgarde and Emelie Vivier. He married Marie Emily Hamelin, the daughter of Jacques Bonhomme Hamelin and Mary Allary in 1864. He signed a petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880. Belgarde, Gilbert. (b. 1843) Gilbert Belgarde was born at Red River, the son of Alexis Belgarde and Marguerite Dufort. He married Sophia Decouteau, the daughter of Louis Decouteau Sr. and Isabelle Laverdure. Charette, Jean Baptiste. (b. 1843) Jean Baptiste Charette was the son of Jean Baptiste Charette Sr. and Angelique Petit. He married Marie Anne Laverdure the daughter of Joseph Laverdure and Therese Villebrun before 1867. He then married Marie Beauchamp, the daughter of Jerome Beauchamp and Genevieve Parisien in 1877 at Lebret. He signed a petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880. Decouteau, Louis Sr. (b. 1817) Louis Decouteau Sr. Married Isabelle Laverdure, the daughter of Alexis Laverdure and Angelique Montour. He was known as Louis Ducharme dit Decouteau. Gilbert Belguarde listed above was married to their daughter Sophie. Decouteau, Louison. (b. 1840) Louis Decouteau Jr. was born on September 1, 1840, the son of Louis Decouteau Sr. and Isabelle Laverdure. He married Josephte Pelletier, in 1860 at St. Joseph, he then married Genevieve Amyotte, the daughter of Joseph Amyotte and Marianne Pangman in 1871 at Lebret. Scrip application: Descoteaux, Louis - Concerning his claim as a head of family - Address, Willow Bunch via Moose Jaw - Born, 1845 at St. Norbert - Father, Louison Descoteaux, (Mtis) - Mother, Isabelle Laverdure, (Mtis) - Married, 1860 at St. Joe to Josephte Pelletier and 1866 at Wood Mountain to Genevive Amiot - Children living, five (names on declaration) - Children deceased, four Dion, Xavier. Ducharme, Joseph (b. 1857)

Joseph Ducharme was born on November 22, 1857 at St. Boniface, the son of Dominique Charron dit Ducharme and Sophie Henault. He married Rose Nolin, the daughter of John Nolin and Julie Martin dit Lavallee in 1879 at Ste. Anne. A hunting family they had children born at Dunseith and at Lebret. Every, Pierre Favel, Humphrey. (b. 1820) Humphrey was born in December 1820, the son of Thomas Favel and Sally Pa-sa Trout (Cree). He married Sophia Cochrane, the daughter of Thomas Cochrane and Harriet Neetcheesis. Gardy, Gaddy (Gaddie, Gordi) Alexandre Sr. Alexander Gaddie Sr. was member of the Cowessess Band, he was a farmer on the reserve, and a former Headman of the band. In the 1870s he was hired as an interpreter for Cowessess Band. Alexandre was first married to Margaret Kennedy (Mtis) and then to Eliza Lemire (Mtis). Eliza (b. circa 1829) was the daughter of Joseph Lemire (b. 1811) and Julie Martin. A number of her brothers were part of the Cypress Hills hunting brigade and signed the 1878 petition for a reserve. Alexander had five children: Mary (b. 1854), Margaret (b. 1857), William (b. 1861), Jane (b. 1863) and Alexander James (b. 1866). The Gaddy (Gaddie) family eventually took treaty and lived on the Cowessess Reserve on Crooked Lake. Later, in 1879, the Gaddie family was part of a group of 25 Metis families detained by the U.S. Army at Fort Buford for illegally hunting in the Milk River Valley. They were subsequently released by Colonel Black of Fort Assiniboine and allowed to winter along the Milk River near the Fort Peck Reserve. The Army reports indicate that Alexander Gordi (Gaddy, Gaddie) had a letter of permission from Captain Britton to do this. The Gaddy (Gaddie) family eventually took treaty and lived on the Cowessess Reserve on Crooked Lake. Gaddie, Alexandre; for his deceased children: Alexander, born: 1877 at Cypress Hills; died: when 1 month old at Cypress Hills; Unnamed, born: 1873 at Cypress Hills; died: when 1 week old at Cypress Hills; father: Alexandre Gaddie (Mtis and deponent); mother: of unnamed child Margaret Kennedy (Mtis) and of Alexander, Eliza Lemire (Mtis); address: Crooked Lake; claim no. 385. Gariepy, Alexandre. (b. 1842) Alexandre was born on September 14, 1842, the son of Louis Gariepy and Josephte Ducharme. He married Genevieve Cadotte, daughter of Joseph Cadotte and Genevieve Picard in 1864 at St. Francois Xavier. He then married Mary Gaddy, the daughter of Alexandre Gaddy and Marguerite Kennedy before 1873. Garipy, Bonaventure. (1825-1890)

Bonaventure Gariepy was born on March 2, 1825, the son of Louis Gariepy and Josephte Ducharme. He married Madeleine Larocque, the daughter of Olivier Larocque and Madeleine Piche. Bonaventure died on April 14, 1890 at Winnipeg. Hamelin, Charles. (1834) Charles Hamelin was the son of Francois Hamelin (b.c. 1800) and Catherine Courteoreille Nipissing (bap. July 23, 1843). Jeannette Bruneau, born in 1835 at Edmonton, married Charles Hamelin in 1856. Her parents, Pierre Bruneau; born circa 1814 and Marie Mistatem Crise, were married according to the custom of the country before 1834; and baptized 30 Apr 1844 Fort Edmonton. They had 17 children between 1857 and 1882. Hamelin, Charles; address: Peace River Crossing via Edmonton; claim no. 151 to 159; born: 1834 at Lac la Nonne; father: Francois Hamelin (Mtis); mother: Catherine (Mtis); married: 1856 at St. Albert to Jeanette Bruneau; children living: Adele, Marguerite, Josephte, Olivier, Adelaide, Emile, Edward, Alexander, Leon, David, Daniel, Elizabeth & Maria; children deceased: Samuel, Narcisse, Frances, Baptiste; Charles Hamelin, scrip notes nos. A12781 & A4412 for $160.00 & $80.00; Emile Hamelin, scrip notes nos. A12782 & A4413 for $160.00 & $80.00; Edward Hamelin, scrip notes nos. A12783 & A4414 for $160.00 & $80.00; Leon Hamelin, scrip notes nos. A12784 & A4415 for $160.00 & $80.00; Alexander Hamelin, scrip Motes nos. A12785; & A4416 for $160.00 & $80.00; David Hamelin, scrip notes nos. A12786 & A4417 for $160.00 & $80.00; Elizabeth Hamelin, scrip notes Mos. A12787 & A4418 for $160.00 Lafontaine, Franois (b. 1847) Francois Ka-Ka-Keese Lafontaine was born in 1847, the son of Jean Baptiste Lafontaine and Francoise Martin. He was step-brother to Louis Lafontaine. He married Elise Hughes the daughter of Samuel Hughes and Marguerite Desjarlais in 1868 at St. Francois Xavier. This buffalo hunting family had children born across the prairies at QuAppelle, Cypress Hills, Teton River, Touchwood Hills and Lebret. Francois initially took treaty with Muscowequan but withdrew in 1886. La Rocque, Jean Baptiste. (b. 1840) Jean Baptiste Larocque was born at Red River, the son of Charles Laroque and Catherine Macon. He married Louise Chartrand, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Chartrand and Louise (Saulteaux) Stevens in 1862 at St. Boniface. He was a member of Captain Jonas Moureaus company, one of the 19 dizaines led by Gabriel Dumont during the 1885 Metis Resistance. Ledoux, Daniel. (b. 1848) Daniel Ledoux was the son of Eusebe Ledoux and Louise Desjarlais. He married Elise Mary Wills, the daughter of John Wills and Mary McKay in 1869 at St. Francois Xavier. His father, Eusebe Ledoux had worked for Antoine Desjarlais at Fort Desjarlais in the Souris River Valley in the 1840-50s.

Lemire, (Le Mair), Joseph. (b. 1834) Joseph was born at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Joseph Lemire and Julie Martin. The parents were members of Muscowequan Band before they left treaty. Joseph married Suzanne Lepine, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Lepine and Suzanne Gariepy in 1861 at St. Francois Xavier. He then married Clemence Boyer the daughter of Louis Boyer and Madeleine Trottier in 1868 at St. Francois Xavier. He and Clemence had four children born at QuAppelle, Moose Jaw and Cypress Hills. Norbert Welsh was his brother-in-law as they had married Boyer sisters. Their daughter Madeleine, born June 10, 1869 at QuAppelle married Joseph Le Rat in 1888. Joseph was band member #48 of Little Childs Band. In 1886, Joseph, his wife, and three girls withdrew from Treaty. Lveill, Louis. (b. 1828)
Louis Lveill was the son of Pierre Leveille and Julie McKenzie. He married Marguerite Gervais, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Gervais and Madeleine Bonneau in 1854 at St. Francois Xavier.

Lveill, Pierre. (b. 1829) Pierre Lveill was born on January 14, 1829 at St. Francois Xavier. He was the son of Pierre Lveill, born June 1783 at La Bois-St.Paul, Comte Charlevois, Quebec and Julie McKenzie, the Metis daughter of Alexander McKenzie and his wife Marie. He married Genevieve Fagnant (Faillant) the daughter of Jean Baptiste Fagnant and Josephte Monet dit Belhumeur on September 15, 1856 at St. Francois Xavier. When it became necessary to maintain law and order in the West due to troubles caused by the American whiskey traders on the south side of the newly set 49th parallel, the North West Mounted Police Force was organized in 1873-74 in the East. Three groups came West to Fort Garry. The 1873 force, after leaving Fort Garry had a trek of some 600 miles in order to reach their overland destination. Commissioner George A. French was in charge, and Pierre Lveill was his guide and interpreter. As ox carts loaded with supplies formed a portion of the party, their progress was slow. After several weeks of traveling they arrived at Old Wives Lake (now named Johnson Lake, Saskatchewan). There they met Pierres brother Louis, family. Louis Lveill took Pierre's place and Pierre returned to Fort Garry. Louis Lveill was a hunter in the Old Wives Lake area, he and his family had wintered at Fort Benton, Montana. They were heading east towards Fort Garry, when they met his weary, sun scorched cavalcade of N.W.M.P. near the above mentioned lake. Louis as guide took them to the Cypress Hills and to the spot where Fort Walsh was established in 1875. Louis acted as guide until his death May 29, 1888. Louis led Commissioner Irvin and Major Walsh on all their trips connected with the arrival and stay in Canada of the Lakota Sioux under Four Horns and Sitting Bull. Parisien, Joseph. (b. 1847) Joseph Parisien was born in 1847 in St. Boniface, the son of Joseph Parisien Sr. and Marguerite Lavallee Martin. He married Marguerite Gariepy, the daughter of Bonaventure Gariepy and Madeleine Larocque, in 1871 at Lebret. He signed a petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880. 6

84) Malaterre, Louis. (b. 1834) Louis Malaterre was born on September 28, 1834 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Jean Baptiste Malaterre and Angelique Adam. He married Euphrosine Lapierre, the daughter of Antoine Marsant dit Lapierre and Louis Machkegone in 1853 at St. Francois Xavier. Pelletier, Alexis. (b. 1813) Alexis Pelletier was born at St. Boniface, the son of Charles Pelletier and Suzanne Bercier. He married Louise Houle, the daughter of Antoine Houle and Josephte Lauzon on January 17, 1843 at St. Francois Xavier. Pelletier, Jean Baptiste. (b. 1816) Jean Baptiste Pelletier was born at St. Boniface, the son of Joseph Pelletier and Genevieve Hallett. He married Madeleine Deschamps, the daughter of Joseph Deschamps and Marguerite Houle in 1845 at St. Francois Xavier. He died in 1878 at Cypress Hills. Wills, John. (b. 1799) John Wills was the son of John Wills Sr. and Josephte Grant. He married Mary McKay, the daughter of John Richards McKay and Harriet Ballendine in 1842 at St. Francois Xavier. Their daughter Elise was married to petitioner Daniel Ledoux.

Compiled by Lawrence Barkwell Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research Louis Riel Institute