You are on page 1of 23

2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Smart Metering with ZigBee

Referee: Dipl.-Inf. Cédric Bürfent


Fraunhofer-Institute for
Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg i.Br.,
Munich, 25. June 2008
ISE Projects in Smart Metering, Dept. EES, Group EMS (BSR)

§ New: eTelligence – (Social) One winner in E-Energy


(BMWi in consortium with EWE AG).
§ Working: EWE Box – (Technical) Industry project, order
of EWE AG.
§ Working: Smart Metering – (Social) Technology and
potentials for reduction of energy consumption and
augmentation of energy efficience, (BMWi, MVV u.a.).
§ Working: DEMAX– (Technical) Decentralized Energy-
and netMAnagement with variable electricity tariffs,
(BMWi – InnoNet).
§ Working: WP-Efficience – (Technical) Monitoring of
heat pumps, (BMWA, ESC pp. ).
§ Working: Intelliekon – (Social) Effective energy
consumption of household with smart meters and tariff
systems (BMBF).
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Overview of the presentation

§ Introduction of AMM
§ AMM Project draft and challenges
§ ZigBee Service (Smart) Energy Gatway (SEG)
§ ZigBee Display
§ Summary
Intro: What is Advanced Meter Management (AMM) ?

Electric utility Customer

§ Better energy grid management, § Transparency,


§ Reduction of legal expenses, § Consumption reports, added values,
§ Customer binding, § Stimulation for energy saving (tariff),
§ Remote switch/connection, § Smart devices,
(2-way-communication). § etc.
AMM: Influencing factors

Motivation Technological
basic conditions
§ Regulated requirements,
§ Savings, § Meter structure,
§ Legal expenses, § Standardisation,
§ Added values, § Communication channels.
§ Cut peak demands, AMM
§ Uninterrupted services, Europe
§ Transparency,
§ Smart grids.
Potential Capacity
Regulated
Basic conditions § Average energy consumption,
§ Liberalisierung, § Renewable energies,
§ Decartelisation, § Load shifting.
§ Law on measures and
calibration.
Project Smart Metering - Draft
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

AMM-Concepts – Project difficulties: Disjunct domains!

Smart (electronic) Meter


Smart Grid

Home Automation

Automated Meter
Reading
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Service Energy Gateway (SEG) – Multi Utility Controller

Secondary SEG Primary


communication communication
ZigBee
M-Bus
Ethernet

Tertiary
communication
Display SEG Project Structure
ISE

ZigBee

Meter for: openvpn


-Electricity M-Bus SEG rsync Scheduling server
-Gas DSL (at Strato)?

Copy to ftp server


SOAP

Extern
RMS – Remote Meter Reading System
Webaccess
EDM – Energy Data Management System
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Smart Metering project system parameters:

§ Database: PostGres (Conf: ODBC/Access,


WebFrontent/PhpPgMyadmin, Shell/psql)
§ SEG: ZigBee+M-Bus+Ethernet-LAN (Conf: Linux)
§ Meter: M-Bus Gas + Electricity
§ Visualisation: ZigBee-QT-Display (local), Homepage
§ Scheduling Server: Cron (15min), data+ctrl-interface.
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Smart Metering project security parameters:

§ Primary: M-Bus: none (passive via wire)


§ Secondary: ZigBee:
§ Fixed Network address,
§ Encryption 128bit AES
§ Tertiary: OpenVPN, https: SSL
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Description SEG-Gateway 1 (prototype)


2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Description SEG-Gateway 2 (project version)


2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

SEG Gateway - Controller Software:

§ Timeserver: rdate RFC868


§ Dataserver: rsync
§ Datamanagement: mux (ISE-C program)
§ M-Bus-master: read_mbus (ISE-C program)
§ ZigBee-server: zigbeed (ISE-C program)
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

SEG Gateway - ZigBee module


Strength of Telegesis ETRX2:
§ Encryption (AES)
§ Automatics
§ Stability (Forum)
§ Availability (Modules, USB dongles)
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Telegesis ZigBee module


§ Server automatic:
a) Energy scan on all channels in S00
b) PAN start with random PAN ID on
quietest channel
c) Random security key (S03=0..0)
§ Server manual:
a) S00: select channel
b) S01: select PAN ID (!FFFF)
c) S03: own AES key
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Telegesis ZigBee module


§ Client automatic:
a) Scan network for PANs
b) Joins PAN with best RSSI value
§ Client manual:
a) Set PAN ID (stored)
b) Set AES key (stored)
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

ZigBee enabled Display


2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

ZigBee enabled Display


2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

ZigBee display software project screenshots:


2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Project Summary § ZigBee:


§ Modules work very well!
§ 10 of 80 (160) systems installed
§ Range extenders needed
§ SEG:
§ 3-Interfaces-system solid until now.
§ VPN works so far.
§ Display:
§ QT-GUI works well for tariff and load visu.
§ ZigBee datarate good suited.
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Summary – Todos:

§ AMI: Advanced Meter Infrastructure profile:


§ Energy Service Portal
§ In-Premise Display
§ Smart Appliances
§ ZigBee Meters: We need them in Germany.
§ Merging: Primary,secondary communication.
§ Wide-range-ZigBee: Cluster of multiple houses.
§ Gateways: MBUS-2-ZigBee (AMI)
2nd European ZigBee Developers‘ Conference 2008 - Munich

Thank you
for your
friendly attention!

http://www.ise.fraunhofer.de
cedric.buerfent@ise.fraunhofer.de