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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 1.

ΣM A = 0:
FBD FRAME:
( 0.3 m ) Dx − ( 0.4 m )( 900 N ) = 0
∴ D x = 1200 N

FBD JEHDF: ΣFx = 0: 1200 N + V = 0


V = −1200 N

ΣFy = 0: F = 0

ΣM J = 0: ( 0.15 m )(1200 N ) − M =0

M = + 180 N ⋅ m

Thus, ( on JE ) F =0

V = 1200 N 

M = 180.0 N ⋅ m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 2.

FBD FRAME: ΣM A = 0: ( 0.95 m )( 480 N ) − ( 0.25 m ) Dx = 0,


D x = 1824 N
ΣFy = 0: Ay + Dy + 480 N = 0 (1)

FBD ABC: Note: BE is a two-force member


ΣM B = 0: ( 0.75 m ) Ay =0 Ay = 0

Then, from (1) above, Dy = − 480 N

D y = 480 N

ΣFx = 0: F − 1824 N = 0 F = 1.824 kN 


FBD sect. DJ: ΣFy = 0: − 480 N – V = 0 V = − 480 N

V = 480 N 

ΣM J = 0: M + ( 0.25 m )( 480 N ) = 0

M = −120 N ⋅ m M = 120.0 N ⋅ m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 3.

1
FBD CEF: ΣFx = 0: C x − (180 N ) C x = 90 2 N
2

ΣΜ E = 0: ( 0.2 m ) C y − ( 0.05 m ) ( 90 2 N )
− ( 0.15 m + 0.08 m )(180 N ) = 0

C y = 126 2 N

FBD sect. CJ: ΣFx = 0: 90 2 N − F = 0 F = 127.3 N 

ΣFy = 0: −126 2 N + V = 0 V = 178.2 N 

ΣM J = 0: ( 0.05 m ) ( 90 ) (
2 N − ( 0.10 m ) 126 2 N − M = 0 )
M = 11.46 N ⋅ m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 4.

Note: AC is a two-force member, resolve FAC at C:


FBD Frame:
1
ΣM E = 0: ( 0.25 m + 0.25 m ) FAC − ( 0.15 m )( 320 N ) = 0
2

FAC = 96 2 N

FBD sect. AB: 3 7


ΣFx = 0: − 96 N + V + F =0
4 4

7 3
ΣFy = 0: 96 N + V − F =0
4 4
Solving: V = 8.50 N 41.4° 

F = 135.5 N 46.8° 

4− 7 
ΣM B = 0: M − ( 0.3 m )( 96 N ) + 
 10 m  ( 96 N ) = 0
 
M = 15.799 N ⋅ m, M = 15.80 N ⋅ m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 5.

FBD Frame: Note: AB is a two-force member, so


Ax Ay
= (1)
12 5
ΣM C = 0: (15 in.) Ax − ( 24 in.)( 78 lb ) = 0
A x = 124.8 lb

From (1) above, A y = 52.0 lb

FBD AJ:
ΣFx = 0: −124.8 lb + F = 0 F = 124.8 lb 

ΣFy = 0: 52 lb − V = 0 V = 52.0 lb 

ΣM J = 0: M − (10 in.)( 52 lb ) = 0 M = 520 lb ⋅ in. 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 6.

Note: AB is a two-force member


FBD CD:
5  12
ΣΜ C = 0: (18 in.)   
FAB  + ( 7.5 in.)  FAB 
 13   13 

− ( 24 in.)( 78 lb ) = 0

FAB = 135.2 lb

12
ΣFx = 0: Cx − (135.2 lb ) = 0
13
C x = 124.8 lb

5
ΣFy = 0: Cy + (135.2 lb ) − ( 78 lb ) = 0
13
C y = 26 lb

FBD CK: 12 5
ΣFx′ = 0: −F + (124.8 lb ) + ( 26 lb ) = 0
13 13
F = 125.2 lb 22.6° 

5 12
ΣFy′ = 0: V − (124.8 lb ) + ( 26 lb ) = 0
13 13
V = 24.0 lb 67.4° 

ΣM K = 0: ( 5 in.)(124.8 lb ) − (12 in.)( 26 lb ) − M =0

M = 312 lb ⋅ in. 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 7.

FBD half-section:
W
By symmetry, Ay = B y =
2
Where W = ( 9 kg )( 9.81 N/kg ) = 88.29 N

FBD AJ:
ΣFx = 0: F = 0 F =0

W W
ΣFy = 0: − −V = 0 V =0
2 2
W
ΣM J = 0: M − ( r − x ) =0
2
2r  2 W
but x= , so M = 1 −  r = 2.406 N ⋅ m
π  π 2
M = 2.41 N ⋅ m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 8.

Note: Cut is just left of contact with ground.


FBD AJ:
Also W = ( 9 kg )( 9.81 N/kg ) = 88.29 N

2r
x= and r = 0.15 m
π
ΣFx = 0: F =0 F=0 

W
ΣFy = 0: − +V =0 V = 44.1 N 
2

W
ΣM J = 0: x −M =0
2

2 88.29 N 
M = ( 0.15 m )   M = 4.22 N ⋅ m 
π  2 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 9.

SOLUTION

FBD AB:
ΣM A = 0: (
r By − 12 lb = 0 ) B y = 12 lb

FBD sect. BJ:


ΣFy′ = 0: (12 lb ) cos 30° − (12 lb ) sin 30° − F = 0
F = 4.39 lb 60° 

ΣFx′ = 0: (12 lb ) cos 30° + (12 lb ) sin 30° − V =0

V = 16.39 lb 30° 

ΣM J = 0: ( 4 in.) sin 30° (12 lb ) + ( 4 in.)(1 − cos 30° )(12 lb ) − M =0

M = 30.4 lb ⋅ in. 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 10.

FBD AB:
ΣM A = 0: (
r By − 12 lb = 0 ) B y = 12 lb

ΣΜ J = 0: ( 4 in.) sin θ (12 lb ) + ( 4 in.)(1 − cosθ )(12 lb ) − M =0

M = ( 48 lb ⋅ in.)(1 − cosθ + sin θ ) (1)


FBD BJ:
dM
(a) to maximize M, set =0

dM
= ( 48 lb ⋅ in.)( sin θ + cosθ ) = 0

so tan θ = −1

θ = − 45°, 135°

(only θ = 135° is on ring) θ = 135° 

(b) ΣFy′ = 0: F + (12 lb ) cosθ − (12 lb ) sin θ = 0 θ = 135°, so

F = 16.97 lb@135° F = 16.97 lb 45° 

ΣFx′ = 0: (12 lb ) cosθ + (12 lb ) sin θ −V = 0 θ = 135°, V = 0 

From (1) above, M = ( 48 lb ⋅ in.)(1 − cos135° + sin135° ) = 115.88 lb ⋅ in.

M = 115.9 lb ⋅ in. 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 11.

FBD Frame: 24
ΣM A = 0: (16.4 in.) FEC − (12.6 in.)(120 lb ) = 0
25
FEC = 93.75 lb

ΣΜ C = 0: (16.2 in.)(120 lb ) − (13.5 in.) By =0


FBD CBD:
By = 144 lb

7
ΣFy = 0: 144 lb + ( 93.75 lb ) − 120 lb − C y = 0
25
C y = 50.25 lb

24
ΣFx = 0: Cx − ( 93.75 lb ) = 0
27
C x = 90.0 lb

FBD CJ: ΣFy′ = 0: F + ( 50.25 lb ) cos30° − ( 90.0 lb ) sin 30° = 0

F = 1.482 lb 60° 

ΣFx′ = 0: V − ( 90 lb ) cos 30° + ( 50.25 lb ) sin 30° = 0

V = 103.1 lb 30° 

ΣM O = 0: (8.4 in.)( 50.25 lb + 1.482 lb ) − M =0

M = 435 lb ⋅ in. 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 12.

24
FBD Frame: ΣM A = 0: (16.4 in.) FEC − (12.6 in.)(120 lb ) = 0
25
FEC = 93.75 lb

FBD CBD:
ΣM C = 0: (16.2 in.)(120 lb ) − (13.5 in.) By =0
B y = 144 lb

FBD DK:

ΣFx′ = 0: (144 lb − 120 lb ) sin 30° − F = 0


F = 12.00 lb 30° 

ΣFy′ = 0: (144 lb − 120 lb ) cos 30° − V =0

V = 20.8 lb 60° 

ΣΜ O = 0: (8.4 in.)(12 lb − 144 lb ) + (11.1 in.)(120 lb ) − M =0

M = 223 lb ⋅ in. 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 13.

FBD AB:
ΣΜ B = 0: ( 0.8 m )(1.8 kN ) − ( 0.24 m ) Ax = 0
A x = 6.0 kN

Geometry:
2
y = kx 2 ; at B, 0.24 m = k ( 0.8 m )

1
so k = 0.375
m
 1 2
at J , y J =  0.375  ( 0.48 m ) = 0.0864 m
 m

dy
slope of parabola = 2kx
dx
dy  1
at J , = 2  0.375  ( 0.48 m ) = 0.36 = tan θ J
dx  m

θ J = 19.799°
FBD AJ:
ΣFx′ = 0: ( 6 kN ) cos19.799° − (1.8 kN ) sin19.799° − F = 0
F = 6.26 kN 19.80° 

ΣFy′ = 0: ( 6 kN ) sin19.799° − (1.8 kN ) cos19.799° − V =0

V = 0.3387 kN V = 339 N 70.2° 

ΣM J = 0: ( 0.48 m )(1.8 kN ) − ( 0.0864 m )( 6 kN ) − M =0

M = 0.3456 kN ⋅ m M = 346 N ⋅ m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 14.

L
FBD AB: ΣΜ B = 0: LP − hAx = 0, Ax = P
h

Geometry:
h hx 2
y = kx 2 , at B: h = kL2 , so k = , y =
L2 L2

ha 2
at J: y J = ka 2 =
L2
dy 2ha
slope = = 2kx, at J : slope = 2
= tan −1 θ J
dx L

ha 2 LP
ΣM J = 0: aP − −M =0
FBD AJ: L2 h
 a2 
M = P  a − 
 L 

dM
To maximize set =0
da
 a L
or P 1 − 2  = 0, a=
 L 2

 2
L 
   
L 2 PL
Then M max = P −    =
2 L  4
 
 
PL
M max = 
4
L
at a = 
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 15.

FBD Frame with pulley and cord:


ΣΜ Α = 0: (1.8 m ) Bx − ( 2.6 m )( 360 N ) − ( 0.2 m )( 360 N ) = 0
B x = 560 N

Note: Cord forces have been moved to pulley hub as per Problem 6.91.
FBD BE:
ΣΜ Ε = 0: (1.4 m )( 360 N ) + (1.8 m )( 560 N ) − ( 2.4 m ) By =0

By = 630 N

3 4
FBD BJ: ΣFx′ = 0: F + 360 N − ( 630 N − 360 N ) − ( 560 N ) = 0
5 5
F = 250 N 36.9° 

4 3
ΣFy′ = 0: V + ( 630 N − 360 N ) − ( 560 N ) = 0
5 5
V = 120.0 N 53.1° 

ΣM J = 0: M + ( 0.6 m )( 360 N ) + (1.2 m )( 560 N )

− (1.6 m )( 630 N ) = 0

M = 120.0 N ⋅ m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 16.

FBD Frame with pulleys and cord:

ΣM B = 0: (1.8 m ) Ax − ( 2.0 m )( 360 N ) − ( 2.6 m )( 360 N ) = 0


A x = 920 N

FBD AE:

Note: Cord forces have been moved to pulley hub as per Problem 6.91.

ΣM E = 0: ( 2.4 m ) Ay − (1.8 m )( 360 N ) = 0


A y = 270 N

FBD AK:
ΣFx = 0: 920 N − 360 N − F = 0

F = 560 N

ΣFy = 0: − 270 N + 360 N − V = 0

V = 90.0 N

ΣM K = 0: (1.6 m )( 270 N ) − (1.0 m )( 360 N ) − M =0

M = 72.0 N ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 17.

FBD Frame: ΣM A = 0: (1 m ) Dy − ( 2.675 m )( 360 N ) = 0


D y = 963 N

FBD DEF: ΣM F = 0: (1 m )( 963 N ) − ( 2.4 m ) Dx − ( 0.125 m )( 360 N ) = 0


D x = 3825 N

FBD DJ:
12 5
ΣFy′ = 0: F− ( 963 N ) − ( 382.5 N ) = 0
13 13
F = 1036 N F = 1.036 kN 67.4°
5 12
ΣFx′ = 0: ( 963 N ) − ( 382.5 N ) − V = 0
13 13
V = 17.31 N 22.6°
ΣM J = 0: ( 0.5 m )( 963 N ) − (1.2 m )( 382.5 N ) − M =0

M = 22.5 N ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 18.

FBD AC: Note: Cord forces moved to pulley hub as per Problem 6.91.
To determine θ the coordinates of C are
4
xC = 2.55 m, yC = ( 2.55 m ) = 3.40 m, and
3
xG = 0, yG = 3.75 m

3.75 m − 3.40 m
∴ θ = tan −1 = 7.8153°
2.55 m

ΣM A = 0: ( 3.75 m ) ( 360 N ) cos 7.8153°


− ( 2.55 m )( 360 N ) − ( 3 m ) FBG =0

FBG = 139.820 N

( 360 N ) − ( 360 N ) cos  7.8153° + tan −1  = 0


4 4
FBD KC: ΣFy′ = 0: F−
5  3

F = 462.8 N F = 463 N 53.1°

3
ΣFx′ = 0: − V + 139.820 N + ( 360 N )
5
 4
− ( 360 N ) sin  7.8153° + tan −1  = 0
 3

V = 41.1 N 36.9°

4
ΣM K = 0: − M − (1.5 m )(139.820 N ) − ( 2.75 m )( 360 N )
5
 4
+ ( 2.75 m )( 360 N ) sin  7.8153° + tan −1  = 0
 3

M = 61.7 N ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 19.

FBD Frame and pipe:

W = (10 ft )(18.5 lb/ft ) = 185 lb

ΣM A = ( 24 in.) Cx − (12.6 in.)185 lb = 0

C x = 97.125 lb

FBD pipe:

By symmetry N E = N D = N

 21 
ΣFy = 0: 2  N  − 185 N = 0, N = 127.738 lb
 29 

 20  20 8
Also note a = r tan  tan −1  = ( 2.8 in.) = in.
 21  21 3

FBD BC:
8 
ΣM B = 0:  in.  (127.735 lb ) + (12 in.)( 97.125 lb )
3 
− (12.6 in.) C y = 0
C y = 119.534 lb
21 20
ΣFx′ = 0: F − ( 97.125 lb ) − (119.534 lb ) = 0
FBD CJ: 29 29
F = 152.8 lb 46.4° 
20 21
ΣFy′ = 0: −V − ( 97.125 lb ) + (119.534 lb ) = 0
29 29
V = 19.58 lb 44.6° 

ΣM C = 0: M − ( 8.7 in.)(19.58 lb ) = 0
M = 170.3 lb ⋅ in. 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 20.

W = (10 ft )(18.5 lb/ft ) = 185 lb


FBD Frame:
ΣM C = 0: ( 24 in.) Ax − (12.6 in.)(185 lb ) = 0
A x = 97.125 lb

FBD Pipe By symmetry N E = N D


 21 
ΣFy = 0: 2  N D  − 185 lb = 0, N D = 127.738 lb
 29 

 20   20  8
Also note a = r tan  tan −1  = ( 2.8 in.)   = in.
 21   21  3

FBD AD:
ΣM B = 0: (12.6 in.)( 97.125 lb ) − (12.6 in.) Ay
8 
−  in.  (127.738 lb ) = 0
3 
A y = 65.465 lb

21 20
FBD AK:
ΣFx′ = 0: ( 97.125 lb ) + ( 65.465 lb ) − F = 0
29 29
F = 115.5 lb 44.6° 
20 21
ΣFy′ = 0: ( 97.125 lb ) − ( 65.465 lb ) + V = 0
29 29
V = 19.58 lb 46.4° 
ΣM A = 0: M − ( 8.7 in.)(19.58 lb ) = 0

M = 170.3 lb ⋅ in. 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 21.

(a) FBD Rod: ΣFx = 0: Ax = 0

P
ΣM D = 0: aP − 2aAy = 0 Ay =
2

FBD AJ: ΣFx = 0: V = 0

P
ΣFy = 0: −F =0
2
P
F=
2
ΣM J = 0: M = 0

(b) FBD Rod:


ΣM A = 0

4  3  5P
2a  D  + 2a  D  − aP = 0 D=
5  5  14

4 5 2P
ΣFx = 0: Ax − P=0 Ax =
5 14 7
3 5 11P
ΣFy = 0: Ay − P + P=0 Ay =
5 14 14

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

2
ΣFx = 0: P −V = 0
7
FBD AJ:
2P
V =
7
11P
ΣFy = 0: −F =0
14
11P
F=
14
2P
ΣM J = 0: a −M =0
7
2
M = aP
7

(c) FBD Rod: a  4D  5P


ΣM A = 0:   − aP = 0 D=
2 5  2

4 5P
ΣFx = 0: Ax − =0 Ax = 2 P
5 2
3 5P 5P
ΣFy = 0: Ay − P − =0 Ay =
5 2 2

ΣFx = 0: 2P − V = 0
FBD AJ:
V = 2P
5P
ΣFy = 0: −F =0
2
5P
F=
2
ΣM J = 0: a ( 2P ) − M = 0

M = 2aP

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 22.

(a) FBD Rod: ΣM D = 0: aP − 2aA = 0

P
A=
2
P
ΣFx = 0: V − =0
2
P
V =
2
ΣFy = 0: F =0
FBD AJ:

P
ΣM J = 0: M −a =0
2
aP
M =
2

a4 
(b) FBD Rod: ΣM D = 0: aP −  A = 0
25 

5P
A=
2

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

3 5P
ΣFx = 0: −V = 0
FBD AJ: 5 2

3P
V =
2
4 5P
ΣFy = 0: −F =0
5 2
F = 2P

3
M = aP
2
3  4 
ΣM D = 0: aP − 2a  A  − 2a  A  = 0
(c) FBD Rod:  5  5 
5P
A=
14

 3 5P 
ΣFx = 0: V − =0
 5 14 
3P
V =
14
4 5P
ΣFy = 0: −F =0
5 14
2P
F=
7
 3 5P 
ΣM J = 0: M − a =0
 5 14 
3
M = aP
14

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 23.

 2r   2
FBD Rod: ΣM A = 0: rB −  r − W =0 B = 1 − W
 π   π

φ 60°
FBD JB: r sin r sin
Note: r = 2 = 2 = 3r
φ π π
30°
2 180°

3r 1 3r r  3
x= − =  3− 
2 2π 2 π
r 2 r 3  2 
ΣM J = 0: M + 1 −  W −  3 −  W  = 0
2 π 2 π  3 
M = 0.774Wr
on BK

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 24.

 1   2r 
FBD Rod: ΣM A = 0: 2r  B − r − W =0
 2   π 

1 1
B = 2  − W
2 π 

FBD JB:
 60° 
r sin  
r =  2  = 3r x = r sin 60° − r sin 30°
π π
30°
180°
1 3
x=  3 − r
2 π

21 1
ΣM J = 0:  r sin 60° + r (1 − cos 60° )  2  2 − π W
 
1 3  2W
−  3 − r −M =0
2 π 3
M = − 0.01085Wr M = 0.01085Wr

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 25.

FBD Rod:
ΣFy = 0: Ay − W = 0

Ay = W

2r
ΣM B = 0: r ( Ax − W ) + W =0
π
 2
A x = 1 − W
 π

FBD AJ: θ 2θ
W′ = W = W
π π
2
θ
sin
r =r 2 = 2r sin θ
θ θ 2
2
 2
ΣM J = 0: r sin θ 1 − W − r (1 − cosθ )W
 π

 2r θ θ  2θ
+  sin  cos − r cosθ  W −M =0
 θ 2  2  π

 2θ 
M = Wr  sin θ − 1 + cosθ − cosθ 
 π 
dM  2 2θ 
For Mmax, = Wr  cosθ − sin θ − cosθ + sin θ  = 0
dθ  π π 
π −2
or tan θ =
π − 2θ
Solving numerically: θ = 0.48338 rod = 27.7°
M max = 0.0777Wr

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 26.

FBD Rod:  2 1 1
ΣM A = 0: 2 rB − r 1 − W = 0 B = 2  − W
 π 2 π 
1 1 1 1 1
ΣFx = 0: Ax − 2  − W = 0 A x =  − W
2  2 π  2 π 
1 1 1 1 1
ΣFy = 0: Ay − W + 2  − W = 0 A y =  + W
2 2 π  2 π 

FBD AJ: θ 2θ
W′ = W = W
π π
2
2r θ
r = sin
θ 2
1 1 1 1
ΣM J = 0: M + r sin θ  − W − r (1 − cosθ )  +  W
 2 π  2 π 
 2r θ θ   2θ 
+  sin cos  − r cosθ   W  = 0
 θ 2 2   π 
 1 1  2θ 
M = Wr  +  (1 − sin θ − cosθ ) + cosθ 
 2 π  π 
For M max ,

dM  1 1  2 2θ 
= Wr  +  ( − cosθ + sin θ ) + cosθ − sin θ  = 0
dθ  2 π  π π 
π −2
or tan θ =
π + 2 − 4θ
Solving numerically θ = 0.27539 rad = θ1
or θ = 1.16164 rad = θ 2
M (θ1 ) = − 0.0230Wr , M (θ 2 ) = 0.0362Wr

so M max = 0.0362Wr
at θ = θ 2 = 66.6°

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 27.

180° − 60° π
Note: α = = 60° =
2 3

r 3r 3 3 3
r = sin α = = r
α π 2 2π

120 4
Weight of section = W = W
270 9

4 2 3
ΣFy′ = 0: F− W cos30° = 0 F = W
9 9
4W
ΣM O = 0: rF − ( r sin 60° ) −M =0
9
2 3 3 3 3 4 2 3 1 
M = r − W =  −  Wr
 9 2π 2 9   9 π 

M = 0.0666Wr

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 28.

FBD Rod: ΣFx = 0: Ax = 0

2r W 2r 2W
ΣM B = 0: rAy + − =0
π 3 π 3
2W
Ay =

60° π
FBD AJ: Note: α = = 30° =
2 6
60 2W
Weight of segment = W =
270 9
r r 3r
F = sin α = sin 30° =
α π /6 π
2W 2W
ΣM J = 0: ( r cosα − r sin 30° ) + ( r − r sin 30° ) −M =0
9 3π

2W  3r 3 r 3r   3 1 1 
M =  − +  = Wr  − + 
9 π 2 2 2π   3π 9 3π 

M = 0.1788Wr

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 29.

(a) FBD Beam: ΣM C = 0: LAy − M 0 = 0

M0
Ay =
L
M0
ΣFy = 0: − Ay + C = 0 C=
L
Along AB:

M0 M0
ΣFy = 0: − −V = 0 V =−
L L
M0 M0
ΣM J = 0: x +M =0 M =− x
L L
M0
straight with M = − at B
2
Along BC:

M0 M0
ΣFy = 0: − −V = 0 V =−
L L
M0  x
ΣM K = 0: M +x − M0 = 0 M = M 0 1 − 
L  L 
M0
straight with M = at B M = 0 at C
2
(b) From diagrams: M0
V max
= everywhere
L
M0
M max
= at B
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 30.

FBD Beam: ΣFx = 0: Ax = 0, by symmetry Ay = By = P


(a) Along AB: ΣFy = 0: P −V = 0

V = P
ΣM J = 0: M − xP = 0

M = Px
Along BC:
ΣFy = 0: P − P −V = 0

V =0

ΣM K = 0: M − xP + ( x − a ) P = 0

M = Pa

Along CD:
ΣFy = 0: P − P − P −V = 0

V = −P

ΣM L = 0: M − xP + ( x − a ) P

+ ( x − L + a) P = 0

M = P ( L − x)

Note: Symmetry in M diag. follows symmetry of FBD


(b) V max
= P along AB and CD 

M max
= Pa along BC 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 31.

FBD Section:
1  x
ΣFy = 0: − V − x  w0  = 0
2  L
1 w0 2
(a) V =− x
2 L
1
V ( L ) = − w0 L
2

1 1  x 
ΣM J = 0: M + x  x  w0   = 0
3  2  L 

1 w0 3
M =− x
6 L
1
M ( L) = − w0 L2
6
1
(b) V max
= w0 L at B 
2
1
M max
= w0 L2 at B 
6

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 32.

(a) FBD Beam: ΣFx = 0: Bx = 0


ΣM B = 0: aP + 2aC − 3.5aP = 0
C = 1.25P
ΣFy = 0: − P + By + 1.25P − P = 0
By = 0.75P
Along AB:

ΣFy = 0: −P − V = 0 V = −P
ΣM J = 0: M + xP = 0 M = − Px
Along BC:

ΣFy = 0: − P + 0.75P − V = 0 V = − 0.25P


ΣM K = 0: M + xP − ( x − a )( 0.75P ) = 0
M = − 0.75Pa − 0.25Px M ( 3a ) = −1.5Pa
Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: V −P=0 V =P

ΣM L = 0: − M − x1 P = 0 M = − Px1

M (1.5a ) = −1.5Pa
V max
= P along AB and CD
(b)
M max
= 1.5Pa at C

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 33.

ΣFx = 0: Cx = 0
(a) FBD Beam:
ΣM C = 0: ( 3.6 ft )(1 kip ) − ( 3 ft )( 4 kips ) + ( 6 ft )( 2 kips )
− ( 9.6 ft ) B = 0
B = 0.375 kip
ΣFy = 0: −1 kip + C y − 4 kips + 2 kips − 0.375 kip = 0

C y = 3.375 kips
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: −1 kip − V = 0
V = −1 kip
ΣM J = 0: M + x (1 kip ) = 0

M = − (1 kip ) x
M ( 3.6 ft ) = 3.6 kip ⋅ ft
Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: −1 kip + 3.375 kips − V = 0

V = 2.375 kips

ΣM K = 0: M + x (1 kip ) − ( x − 3.6 ft )( 3.375 kips ) = 0

M = −12.15 kip ⋅ ft + ( 2.375 kips ) x

M ( 6.6 ft ) = 3.525 kip ⋅ ft

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along EB:

ΣFy = 0: V − 0.375 kips = 0

V = 0.375 kips

ΣM L = 0: − M − x1 ( 0.375 kips ) = 0

M = − ( 0.375 kips ) x1

M ( 3.6 ft ) = −1.35 kip ⋅ ft

Along DE:

ΣFy = 0: V + 2 kips − 0.375 kips = 0

V = −1.625 kips

Also M is linear

V = 2.38 kips along CD


(b) max

M max
= 3.60 kips at C

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 34.

(a) FBD Beam:


ΣM B = 0:

(.6 ft )( 4 kips ) + ( 5.1 ft )(8 kips ) + ( 7.8 ft )(10 kips ) − ( 9.6 ft ) Ay =0

A y = 12.625 kips

ΣFy = 0: 12.625 kips − 10 kips − 8 kips − 4 kips + B = 0

B = 9.375 kips
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: 12.625 kips − V = 0

V = 12.625 kips

ΣM J = 0: M − x (12.625 kips ) = 0

M = (12.625 kips ) x

M = 22.725 kip ⋅ ft at C
Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: 12.625 kips − 10 kips − V = 0

V = 2.625 kips

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 1.8 ft )(10 kips ) − x (12.625 kips ) = 0

M = 18 kip ⋅ ft + ( 2.625 kips ) x

M = 29.8125 kip ⋅ ft at D ( x = 4.5 ft )

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DE: ΣFy = 0: (12.625 − 10 − 8) kips − V =0 V = −5.375 kips

ΣM L = 0: M + x1 ( 8 kips ) + ( 2.7 ft + x1 )(10 kips )

− ( 4.5 ft + x1 )(12.625 kips ) = 0

M = 29.8125 kip ⋅ ft − ( 5.375 kips ) x1

M = 5.625 kip ⋅ ft at E ( x1 = 4.5 ft )

Along EB:

ΣFy = 0: V + 9.375 kips = 0 V = 9.375 kips

ΣM N = 0: x2 ( 9.375 kip ) − M = 0

M = ( 9.375 kips ) x2

M = 5.625 kip ⋅ ft at E

From diagrams: V max


= 12.63 kips on AC
(b)
M max
= 29.8 kip ⋅ ft at D

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 35.

(a) FBD Beam: ΣM E = 0:

(1.1 m )( 540 N ) − ( 0.9 m ) C y + ( 0.4 m )(1350 N ) − ( 0.3 m )( 540 N ) = 0


C y = 1080 N

ΣFy = 0: − 540 N + 1080 N − 1350 N

−540 N + E y = 0 E y = 1350 N

Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: − 540 N − V = 0

V = −540 N
ΣM J = 0: x ( 540 N ) + M = 0 M = − ( 540 N ) x

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: − 540 N + 1080 N − V = 0 V = 540 N

ΣM K = 0: M + ( 0.2 m + x1 )( 540 N ) − x1 (1080 N ) = 0

M = −108 N ⋅ m + ( 540 N ) x1

M = 162 N ⋅ m at D ( x1 = 0.5 m )

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DE:

ΣFy = 0: V + 1350 N − 540 N = 0 V = −810 N

ΣM N = 0: M + ( x3 + 0.3 m ) ( 540 N ) − x3 (1350 N ) = 0

M = −162 N ⋅ m + ( 810 N ) x3

M = 162 N ⋅ m at D ( x3 = 0.4 )

Along EB:

(b) ΣFy = 0: V − 540 N = 0 V = 540 N

ΣM L = 0: M + x2 ( 540 N ) = 0 M = −540 N x2

M = −162 N ⋅ m at E ( x2 = 0.3 m )

From diagrams V max


= 810 N on DE

M max
= 162.0 N ⋅ m at D and E

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 36.

(a) FBD Beam:


a =1m ΣFx = 0: Bx = 0
ΣFy = 0: − 1.5 kN + 2 kN − 4 kN + 5 kN − By = 0

By = 1.5 kN

ΣM B = 0: a  4 (1.5 kN ) − 3 ( 2 kN ) + 2 ( 4 kN ) − 1( 5 kN )  − M B = 0

Along AC: M B = ( 3 kN ) a = 3 kN ⋅ m

ΣFy = 0: −1.5 kN − V = 0 V = −1.5 kN

ΣM J = 0: M − x (1.5 kN ) = 0 M = − (1.5 kN ) x

Along CD: M (1 m ) = −1.5 kN ⋅ m

ΣFy = 0: −1.5 kN + 2 kN − V = 0 V = 0.5 kN

ΣM K = 0: M + x (1.5 kN ) − ( x − 1 m )( 2 kN ) = 0

M = − 2 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.5 kN ) x M ( 2 m ) = −1 kN ⋅ m

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along EB:

ΣFy = 0: V − 1.5 kN = 0 V = 1.5 kN

ΣM L = 0: − M − x1 (1.5 kN ) − 3 kN ⋅ m = 0

M = − 3 kN ⋅ m − (1.5 kN ) x1, M (1 m ) = − 4.5 kN ⋅ m


Along DE:

ΣFy = 0: V + 5 kN − 1.5 kN = 0 V = − 3.5 kN


Also M is linear here
V max
= 3.50 kN along DE
(b)
M max
= 4.50 kN ⋅ m at E

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 37.

(a) FBD Beam:


ΣM A = 0: − (1.3 m ) (1.8 kN/m )( 2.6 m )  − (1.6 m )( 4 kN ) + ( 4 m ) B = 0

B = 3.121 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − (1.8 kN/m )( 2.6 m ) − 4 kN + 3.121 kN = 0

A y = 5.559 kN
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: 5.559 kN − (1.8 kN/m ) x − V = 0

V = 5.559 kN − (1.8 kN/m ) x


x
ΣM J = 0: M + (1.8 km ) x  − x ( 5.559 kN ) = 0
2
M = ( 5.559 kN ) x − ( 0.9 kN/m ) x 2
Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: 5.559 kN − x (1.8 kN/m ) − 4 kN − V = 0

V = (1.559 kN ) − (1.8 kN/m ) x


x
ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 1.6 m )( 4 kN ) + (1.8 kN/m ) x  − x ( 5.559 kN ) = 0
2
M = 6.4 kN ⋅ m + (1.559 kN ) x − ( 0.9 kN/m ) x 2

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DB:

ΣFy = 0: V + 3.121 kN = 0
V = − 3.121 kN
ΣM L = 0: − M + x1 ( 3.121 kN ) = 0 M = ( 3.121 kN ) x1
(b)
V max
= 5.56 kN at A

M max
= 6.59 kN ⋅ m at C

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 38.

(a) FBD Beam: ΣFx = 0: Ax = 0


ΣFy = 0: Ay + ( 2 m )( 24 kN/m ) − 48 kN − 8 kN = 0

A y = 8 kN

ΣM A = 0: M A + (1 m )( 2 m )( 24 kN/m ) − ( 3.5 m )( 48 kN )

− ( 2 m )( 8 kN ) = 0, M A = 152 kN ⋅ m
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: 8 kN + x ( 24 kN ⋅ m ) − V = 0

V = 8 kN + ( 24 kN/m ) x
x
ΣM J = 0: M + 152 kN ⋅ m − x ( 8 kN ) − ( 24 kN/m ) x = 0
2
M = (12 kN/m ) x 2 + ( 8 kN ) x − 152 kN ⋅ m
Along DB:

ΣFy = 0: V − 8 kN = 0

V = 8 kN

ΣM K = 0: M + x1 ( 8 kN ) = 0, M = − ( 8 kN ) x1

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: V − 48 kN − 8 kN = 0, V = 56 kN

ΣM L = 0: M + ( x1 − 0.5 m )( 48 kN ) + x1 ( 8 kN ) = 0

M = 24 kN ⋅ m − ( 56 kN ) x1

V = 56.0 kN along CD
(b) max

M max
= 152.0 kN ⋅ m at A

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 39.

(a) FBD Beam: by symmetry, Cx = 0, and


1
C y = Gy =  2 (12 lb/in )(10 in ) + 2 (100 lb ) + (150 lb ) 
2
C y = G y = 295 lb
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: − (12 lb/in.) x − V = 0

 lb 
V = − 12 x
 in. 
x  lb 
ΣM J = 0: M + (12 lb/in.) x = 0, M = −  6  x2
2  in. 
Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: − (12 lb/in.)(10 in.) + 295 lb − V = 0

V = 175 lb
ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 5 in.)(12 lb/in.)(10 in.) − ( x − 10 in.)( 295 lb ) = 0

M = − 2350 lb ⋅ in. + (175 lb ) x

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DE:

ΣFy = 0: − (12 lb/in.)(10 in.) + 295lb − 100 lb − V = 0, V = 75 lb

ΣM N = 0: M + ( x − 16 in.)(100 lb ) − ( x − 10 in.)( 295 lb )

+ ( x − 5 in.)(12 lb/in.)(10 in.) = 0

M = − 750 lb ⋅ in + ( 75 lb ) x
Complete diagrams using symmetry.
V max
= 175.0 lb along CD and FG
(b)
M max
= 900 lb ⋅ in. at E

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 40.

(a) FBD Beam: ΣM D = 0: ( 6 ft )(1 kip/ft )( 6 ft ) − ( 7.5 ft )( 2 kips/ft )( 9 ft )


− (12 ft ) Fy + (15 ft )( 33 kips ) = 0

Fy = 33 kips

ΣFy = 0: − (1 kip/ft )( 6 ft ) + Dy − ( 2 kips/ft )( 9 ft ) − 33 kips + 33 kips = 0

D y = 24 kips
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: − (1 kip/ft ) x − V = 0, V = − (1 kip/ft ) x

x 1 
ΣM J = 0: M + (1 kip ⋅ ft ) x = 0, M = −  kip/ft  x 2
2 2 
Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: − (1 kip/ft )( 6 ft ) − V = 0, V = − 6 kips

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 3 ft )(1 kip/ft )( 6 ft ) = 0

M = 18 kip ⋅ ft − ( 6 kips ) x

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DE:

ΣFy = 0: − 6 kips + 24 kips − V = 0, V = 18 kips

ΣM L = 0: ( x − 3 ft )( 6 kips ) − ( x − 9 ft )( 24 kips ) + M =0

M = −198 kip ⋅ ft + (18 kips ) x


Along FB:

ΣFy = 0: V + 33 kips = 0, V = − 33 kips

ΣM N = 0: x1 ( 33 kips ) − M = 0, M = ( 33 kips ) x1

Along EF:

ΣFy = 0: V − ( 2 kips/ft ) x2 − 33 kips + 33 kips = 0

V = ( 2 kips/ft ) x2
x2
ΣM O = 0: M + ( 2 kips/ft ) x2 − ( 3 ft ) ( 33 kips ) = 0
2
M = 99 kip ⋅ ft − (1 kip/ft ) x22

V max
= 33.0 kips along FB

M = 99.0 kip ⋅ ft at F
(b) max

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 41.

(a) FBD Beam:


ΣFy = 0: ( 4 m )( w) − ( 2 m )(12 kN/m ) = 0
w = 6 kN/m
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: − x ( 6 kN/m ) − V = 0, V = − ( 6 kN/m ) x

V = −6 kN at C ( x = 1 m )

x
ΣM J = 0: M + ( 6 kN/m )( x ) = 0
2
M = − ( 3 kN/m ) x 2 M = −3 kN ⋅ m at C

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: − (1 m )( 6 kN/m ) + x1 ( 6 kN/m ) − V = 0

V = ( 6 kN/m )(1 m − x1 ) , V = 0 at x1 = 1 m
x1
ΣM K = 0: M + ( 0.5 m + x1 )( 6 kN/m )(1 m ) − ( 6 kN/m ) x1 = 0
2
M = −3 kN ⋅ m − ( 6 kN ) x1 + ( 3 kN/m ) x12

M = −6 kN ⋅ m at center ( x1 = 1 m )
Finish by symmetry.
(b) From diagrams: V max
= 6.00 kN at C and D
M max
= 6.00 kN at center

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 42.

(a) FBD Beam: ΣFy = 0: (12 m ) w − ( 6 m )( 3 kN/m ) = 0

w = 1.5 kN/m
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: x (1.5 kN/m ) − V = 0, V = (1.5 kN/m ) x

V = 4.5 kN at C
x
ΣM J = 0: M − (1.5 kN/m )( x ) = 0
2

M = ( 0.75 kN/m ) x 2 , M = 6.75 N ⋅ m at C

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: x (1.5 kN/m ) − ( x − 3 m )( 3 kN/m ) − V = 0

V = 9 kN − (1.5 kN/m ) x, V = 0 at x = 6 m

 x − 3m x
ΣM K = 0: M +  ( 3 kN/m )( x − 3 m ) − (1.5 kN/m ) x = 0
 2  2
M = −13.5 kN ⋅ m + ( 9 kN ) x − ( 0.75 kN/m ) x 2

M = 13.5 kN ⋅ m at center ( x = 6 m)
Finish by symmetry.
(b) From diagrams: V max
= 4.50 kN at C and D
M max
= 13.50 kN ⋅ m at center

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 43.

(a) FBD Beam: ΣFy = 0: (8 m ) w − 2 ( 6 kN ) − ( 4 m )( 5 kN/m ) = 0


w = 4 kN/m
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: ( 4 kN/m ) x − V =0

V = ( 4 kN/m ) x
x
ΣM J = 0: M − ( 4 kN/m ) x = 0, M = ( 2 kN/m ) x 2
2
Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: ( 4 kN/m ) x − 6 kN − V =0

V = ( 4 kN/m ) x − 6 kN
x
ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 1 m )( 6 kN ) − ( 4 kN/m ) x = 0
2
M = ( 2 kN/m ) x 2 − ( 6 kN ) x + 6 kN ⋅ m
Note: V = 0 at x = 1.5 m where M = 1.5 kN/m
Along DE:

ΣFy = 0: ( 4 kN/m )( 2 m ) − 6 kN − (1 kN/m )( x − 2 m ) − V =0


V = 4 kN − (1 kN/m ) x
 x − 2 m
ΣM L = 0: M +   (1 kN/m )( x − 2 m ) + ( x − 1 m ) 6 kN
 2 
− ( x − 1 m )( 4 kN/m )( 2 m ) = 0

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

1 
M = −  kN/m  x 2 + ( 4 kN ) x − 4 kN ⋅ m
 2 

Note: V = 0 at x = 4 m, where M = 4 kN ⋅ m

Complete diagrams using symmetry.

(b) V max
= 4 kN at C and F

M max
= 4 kN ⋅ m at center

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 44.

(a) FBD Beam: ΣFy = 0: w (1.5 m ) − 2 ( 3.6 kN ) = 0

w = 4.8 kN/m
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: ( 4.8 kN/m ) x − V = 0, V = ( 4.8 kN/m ) x

x
ΣM J = 0: M − ( 4.8 kN/m ) x = 0, M = ( 2.4 kN/m ) x 2
2

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: ( 4.8 kN/m ) x − 3.6 kN − V =0

V = ( 4.8 kN/m ) x − 3.6 kN

x
ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 0.3 m )( 3.6 kN ) − ( 4.8 kN/m ) x = 0
2

M = 1.08 kN ⋅ m − ( 3.6 kN ) x + ( 2.4 kN/m ) x 2

Note: V = 0 at x = 0.75 m, where M = − 0.27 kN ⋅ m


Complete diagrams using symmetry.
V max
= 2.16 kN at C and D

M max
= 270 N ⋅ m at center
(b)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 45.

FBD CE: ΣFx = 0: Cy = 0

ΣFy = 0: C y − 4 kN = 0 C y = 4 kN

ΣM C = 0: M C − ( 0.5 m )( 4 kN ) = 0

M C = 2 kN ⋅ m

ΣFx = 0: Ax = 0
Beam AB:
ΣFy = 0: Ay − 4 kN − 2 kN − 1 kΝ = 0 Ay = 7 kN

ΣM A = 0: M A − 2 kN ⋅ m − ( 0.5 m )( 4 kN ) − (1 m )( 2 kN )

− (1.5 m )(1 kN ) = 0, M A = 7.5 kN ⋅ m

Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: 7 kN − V = 0

V = 7 kN

ΣM J = 0: M + 7.5 kN ⋅ m − x ( 7 kN ) = 0

M = ( 7 kN ) x − 7.5 kN ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DB:

ΣFy = 0: V − 1 kN = 0

V = 1 kN

ΣM K = 0: − M + x1 (1 kN ) = 0

M = (1 kN ) x1

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: V − 2 kN − 1 kN = 0 V = 3 kN

ΣM M = 0: M + ( x1 − 0.5 m )( 2 kN ) + x1 (1 kN ) = 0
M = 1 kN ⋅ m − ( 3 kN ) x1
Note: M exhibits a discontinuity at C, equal to 2 kN ⋅ m, the value of MC.
From the diagrams, V max
= 7.00 kN along AC

M max
= 7.50 kN at A

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 46.

ΣFx = 0: Cx , Dx = 0
FBD CE or DF:
ΣFy = 0: C y − 750 N = 0, C y = 750 N

Dy = 750 N

ΣM C = 0: M C − ( 0.3 m )( 750 N ) = 0

M C = 225 N ⋅ m = M D

Beam AB: ΣM A = 0: ( 0.9 m ) Dy − 2 ( 225 N ⋅ m ) − ( 0.3 m )( 750 N )

− ( 0.9 m )( 750 N ) − (1.2 m )( 540 N ) = 0


Dy = 2220 N

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 2 ( 750 N ) − 540 N + 2220 N = 0

Ay = −180 N A y = 180 N

Along AC: ΣFy = 0: −180 N − V = 0

V = −180 N
ΣM J = 0: M + x (180 N ) = 0 M = (180 N ) x
Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: −180 N − 750 N − V = 0, V = − 930 N

ΣM K = 0: M − 225 N ⋅ m + ( x − 0.3 m )( 750 N ) + x (180 N ) = 0

M = 450 N ⋅ m − ( 930 N ) x

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DB:

ΣFy = 0: V − 540 N = 0

V = 540 N

ΣM N = 0: M + x1 ( 540 N ) = 0 M = − ( 540 N ) x1

Note: The discontinuities in M, at C and D, equal 225 N ⋅ m, M C and M D


From the diagrams V max
= 930 N along CD
M max
= 387 N ⋅ m at D

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 47.

FBD Angle: ΣFy = 0: T − Cy = 0 Cy = T

ΣM C = 0: ( 0.3 ft ) T − M C = 0, M C = ( 0.3 ft ) T
By symmetry, Dy = T , M D = ( 0.3 ft ) T

ΣFy = 0: 2T − 810 lb − (100 lb/ft )( 9 ft ) = 0


T = 855 lb.
(a)
From above M C = M D = ( 0.3 ft )( 855 lb ) = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft
Beam AB:
Along AC: ΣFy = 0: − x (100 lb/ft ) − V = 0

V = − (100 lb/ft ) x
x
ΣM J = 0: M + (100 lb/ft ) x = 0, M = − ( 50 lb/ft ) x 2
2
Along CI: M C = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

ΣFy = 0: − (100 lb/ft ) x + 855 lb − V = 0

V = 855 lb − (100 lb/ft ) x


x
ΣM K = 0: M − 256.5 lb ⋅ ft + (100 lb/ft ) x
2
− ( x − 3.6 ft )( 855 lb ) = 0

M = − ( 50 lb/ft ) x 2 + ( 855 lb ) x − 2821.5 lb ⋅ ft


Complete diagrams using symmetry
Note: Discontinuities in M, at C and D, equal M C and M D
(b)
V max
= 495 lb at C and D

M max
= 648 lb ⋅ ft at C and D

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 48.

FBD Angle: ΣFy = 0: T − C y = 0 Cy = T


ΣM C = 0: M C − ( 0.3 ft ) T = 0, M C = ( 0.3 ft ) T
By symmetry, Dy = T and M D = ( 0.3 ft ) T

ΣFy = 0: 2T − (100 lb/ft )( 9 ft ) − 810 lb = 0 T = 855 lb


(a)
Beam AB: From above, M C = M D = ( 0.3 ft )( 855 lb ) = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

Along AC: ΣFy = 0: − (100 lb/ft ) x − V = 0

V = − (100 lb/ft ) x
x
ΣM J = 0: M + (100 lb/ft ) x = 0 M = ( 50 lb/ft ) x 2
2
Along CI: M C = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

ΣFy = 0: 855 lb − (100 lb/ft ) x − V = 0

V = 855 lb − (100 lb/ft ) x


x
ΣM K = 0: M − 256.5 lb ⋅ ft + (100 lb/ft ) x
2
− ( x − 2.7 ft )( 855 lb ) = 0

M = − ( 50 lb/ft ) x 2 + ( 855 lb ) x − 2052 lb ⋅ ft

Complete diagrams using symmetry

Note: The discontinuities in M, at C and D, equal M C and M D

(b) V max
= 585 lb at C and D 

M max
= 783 lb ⋅ ft at I 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 49.

Dy 0.35 m
Note: D passes through C, so = = 0.7
Dx 0.5 m
FBD Whole:
ΣM H = 0: ( 0.65 m )( 200 N ) − ( 0.5 m ) ( 0.7 Dx ) + ( 0.1 m ) ( Dx )

+ ( 0.25 m )( 400 N ) − ( 0.15 m )( 200 N ) = 0

D x = 800 N
D y = 560 N

ΣFx = 0: 800 N − H x = 0 H x = 800 N

ΣFy = 0: 560 N − 400 N − 2 ( 200 N ) + H y = 0

H y = 240 N

Beam AB with forces at D & H replaced by forces and couples at E and G.


Horizontal forces not shown to avoid clutter.
Along AE: ΣFy = 0: − 200 N − V = 0

V = − 200 N

ΣM J = 0: x ( 200 N ) + M = 0

M = − ( 200 N ) x

Along EF: ΣFy = 0: − 200 N + 560 N − V = 0

V = 360 N

ΣM K = 0: M − 80 N ⋅ m + x ( 200 N ) − ( x − 0.15 m )( 560 N ) = 0

M = ( 360 N ) x − 4 N ⋅ m

Along GB: ΣFy = 0: V − 400 N = 0

V = 200 N

ΣM L = 0: M + x1 ( 200 N ) = 0 M = ( 200 N ) x1

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along FG: ΣFy = 0: V + 240 N − 200 N = 0

V = − 40 N

ΣM N = 0: ( )
M − 160 N ⋅ m + x1 − 0.15 m ( 240 N ) − x1 ( 200 ) N = 0

M = 124 N ⋅ m + ( 40 N ) x1

From diagrams, V max


= 360 N along EF 

M max
= 140.0 N ⋅ m at F 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 50.

( 48 in.) 
5   12 
FBD AB + Pulley & Cord: ΣM A = 0: D  + ( 20 in.)  D  − (100 in.)(120 lb ) = 0
 13   13 
D = 325 lb so D x = 300 lb , D y = 125 lb

ΣFy = 0: − Ay + 125 lb − 120 lb = 0 A y = 5 lb

Neglecting the diameter of pulley G, the cord EG has slope 3/4,


and tension 120 lb, E x = 96 lb , E y = 72 lb
(a) Beam AB with forces at D and G replaced by forces and couples at E
and F. Horizontal forces are omitted to avoid clutter.
Along AE:

ΣFy = 0: − 5 lb − V = 0, V = − 5 lb

ΣM J = 0: x ( 5 lb ) + M = 0, M = ( − 5 lb ) x

Along EF:

ΣFy = 0: − 5 lb + 197 lb − V = 0, V = 192 lb

ΣM K = 0: M + 6000 lb ⋅ in. + x ( 5 lb ) − ( x − 48 in.)(197 lb ) = 0

M = (192 lb ) x − 15456 lb ⋅ in.


Along FB:
ΣFy = 0: V − 120 lb = 0, V = 120 lb

ΣM L = 0: − M − x1 (120 lb ) = 0

M = − (120 lb ) x1

From diagrams, V max


= 192.0 lb along EF
(b)
M max
= 6240 lb ⋅ in. = 520 lb ⋅ ft at E

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 51.

2P
ΣFy = 0: Lw − 2P = 0 w=
L
Along AC:

x  2P  P 2
ΣM J = 0: M −  x = 0 M = x
2 L  L
Along CD:

x  2P 
ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − a ) P −  x = 0
2 L 

P 2
M = x − Px + Pa
L
Complete diagram using symmetry
1 L
Note: M min = Pa − PL at x = (center)
4 2

P 2 PL L2
Setting M max = − M min : a = − Pa + or a 2 + La − =0
L 4 4

L 2 2 −1
Solving a = − ± L, positive root a = L
2 2 2
(a) Then, with L = 1.5 m, a = 0.31066 m a = 0.311 m 

Pa 2
(b) and, with P = 3.6 kN, M max = M max
= 232 N ⋅ m 
L

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 52.

ΣFy = 0: T − C y = 0 Cy = T

FBD Angle CE: ΣM C = 0: M C − ( 0.3 ft ) T = 0, M C = ( 0.3 ft ) T

by symmetry D y = T and M D = ( 0.3 ft ) T

ΣFy = 0: 2T − 810 lb − ( 9 ft )(100 lb/ft ) = 0 T = 855 lb

Beam AB: From above M C = M D = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

x
Along AC: ΣM J = 0: M − (100 lb/ft ) x = 0
2

M = − ( 50 lb/ft ) x 2

Along CI:

M C = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

x
ΣM K = 0: M − 256.5 lb ⋅ ft + (100 lb/ft ) x
2
− ( x − 4.5 ft + a )( 855 lb ) = 0

M =  − 50 x 2 + 855 ( x + a ) − 3591 lb ⋅ ft with a in ft

Complete M diagram using symmetry

At x = ( 4.5 − a ) ft, M min = − 50 ( 4.5 − a ) lb ⋅ ft


2

At x = 4.5 ft, M max = ( 855 a − 756 ) lb ⋅ ft

Setting M max = − M min : a 2 − 26.1 a + 35.37 = 0

Solving: a = 13.05 ± 11.6160, a < 4.5 so a = 1.434 ft


(a)
(b) giving M max
= 470 lb ⋅ ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 53.

Replacing the 1500 N force with equivalent force and couple at D,


M C = 0: (1.25 m ) P − (1.2 m )(1500 N ) − 1800 N ⋅ m
+ ( 2.4 m ) E y − ( 3.65 m ) 2P = 0

assume P in N: E y = (1500 + 2.5208 P ) N

ΣFy = 0: C y − P − 2P − 1500 + (1500 + 2.5208 P ) = 0

C y = 0.47917 P

Along AC: ΣM J = 0: M + x P = 0
M = − Px

Along CD: ΣM K = 0:

M + x P − ( x − 1.25 m )( 0.47917 P ) = 0

M = − 0.5208 Px − 0.5990 P

at x = 2.45− (left of D), M = −1.875 P

at x = 2.45+ (right of D), M = 1800 − 1.875 P

At E: ΣM E = 0: − M − (1.25 m )( 2 P ) = 0

M = − 2.5 P
(a) Setting M max = − M min : 1800 − 1.875 P = 2.5 P P = 411.43

P = 411 N 

(b) M max = 2.5 P M max = 1029 N ⋅ m

M max
= 1.029 kN ⋅ m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 54.

Since there are no distributed loads, M is piecewise linear, and only pts A,
C, and D need be considered.
At A: ΣM A = 0: M + ( 0.75 m )( 4 kN ) + (1.75 m )(16 kN )

− (1.75 m + a )( 8 kN ) = 0

(With a in m) M = ( 8 a − 17 ) kN ⋅ m

At C:

ΣM C = M + (1 m )(16 kN ) − (1 m + a m )( 8 kN ) = 0

M = ( 8 a − 8 ) kN ⋅ m

At D: ΣM D = 0: M − ( a m )( 8 kN ) = 0

M = 8 a kN ⋅ m

Apparently M max = 8 a kN ⋅ m at D,
(a)
and M min = ( 8 a − 17 ) kN ⋅ m at A

17
Setting M max = − M min : 8 a = 17 − 8 a a= m
16
a = 1.063 m

17
and M max = 8 a = kN ⋅ m M max
= 8.50 kN ⋅ m
(b) 2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 55.

ΣM A = 0: a Dy − ( 5 ft )( 500 lb ) − (10 ft )( 500 lb ) = 0

7500 lb ⋅ ft
Dy =
a
Since there are no distributed loads, M is piecewise linear, so only points
C and D need be considered. Assume a in ft.

At D: ΣM D = 0:

M + (10 − a ) ft  ( 500 lb ) = 0

M D = − 500 (10 − a ) lb ⋅ ft

At C:

7500
ΣM C = 0: M + ( 5ft )( 500 lb ) − 5 − (10 − a )  ft lb = 0
a
 37500 
M C =  5000 −  lb ⋅ ft
 a 

(a) Apparently M max = M C and M min = M D (recall 5 < a < 10 )

37500
Setting M C = − M D : 5000 − = 5000 − 500 a
a

37500 = 500 a 2

a = 75 a = 8.66 ft

(b) M max ( )
= 500 10 − 75 lb ⋅ ft M max
= 670 lb ⋅ ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 56.

ΣM A = 0: aDy − ( 5 ft )( 250 lb ) − (10 ft )( 500 lb ) = 0

6250 lb ⋅ ft
Dy =
a
6250
With a in ft, Dy = lb
a
Since there are no distributed loads, M is piecewise linear, so only points
C and D need be considered.

At D: ΣM D = 0: (10 − a ) ft  ( 500 lb ) + M D = 0

M D = − 500 (10 − a ) lb ⋅ ft

At C:

 6250 
ΣM C = 0: M C + ( 5 ft )( 500 lb ) − 5 − (10 − a )  ft  lb  = 0
 a 

 31250 
M C =  3750 −  lb ⋅ ft
 a 

(a) Apparently M max is M C and M min is M D ( 5 < a < 10 )


31250
Setting M C = − M D : 3750 − = − 500 a + 5000
a

500 a 2 − 1250 − 31250 = 0 or a 2 − 2.5 a − 62.5 = 0

a = 1.25 ± 8.004, positive root a = 9.254 ft

a = 9.25 ft 

(b) M max
= 500 (10 − a ) lb ⋅ ft M max
= 373 lb ⋅ ft 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 57.

x
ΣM J = 0: − M − wx = 0
M due to distributed load: 2
1
M = − wx 2
2
ΣM J = 0: − M + xw = 0
M due to counter weight:
M = wx

w 2 dM W
M = Wx − x = W − wx = 0 at x =
(a) Both applied: 2 dx w

W2
And here M = > 0 so M max ; M min must be at x = L
2w
1 2
So M min = WL − wL . For minimum M max
set M max = −M min , so
2

W2 1
= −WL + wL2 or W 2 + 2wLW − w2 L2 = 0
2w 2

W = −wL ± 2w2 L2 (need +)


W = ( )
2 − 1 wL = 0.414wL 

( )
2
(b) w may be removed W2 2 −1
M max = = wL2 M max = 0.858wL2 
2w 2
Without w, M = Wx, M max = WL at A

w 2 W2 W
With w (see part a) M = Wx − x , M max = at x =
2 2w w
1 2
M min = WL − wL at x = L
2
For minimum M max , set M max ( no w ) = −M min ( with w )

1 2 1 1 2
WL = − WL + wL → W = wL → M max = wL 
2 4 4

1
With W = wL 
4

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 58.

(a) FBD Beam:


ΣM C = 0: LAy − M 0 = 0

M0
Ay =
L
M0
ΣFy = 0: − Ay + C = 0 C=
L
M0  dV 
Shear Diag: V = − at A, and remains constant  = w = 0 .
L  dx 
Moment Diag: M starts at zero at A and decreases linearly
 dM M  M M
 = V = − 0  to − 0 at B, where M jumps by M 0 to + 0 .
 dx L  2 2
M
M continues to decrease with slope − 0 to zero at C.
L

(b) From diagrams:


M0
V max
= everywhere
L
M0
M max
= at B
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 59.

By symmetry Ay = By
(a) and (b)
ΣFy = 0: 2 Ay − 2 P = 0 Ay = P By = P

Shear Diag:
V is piecewise constant with discontinuities equal to P at A, B, C and D in
the direction of the loads.
Moment Diag:
M is piecewise linear with slope equal to + P on AB, 0 on BC, –P on CD.
M B = Pa

V max
= P along AB and CD

M max
= Pa along BC

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 60.

Shear Diag:
(a) and (b)
 dV 
Since w is linear, V is quadratic  = − w  starting at 0 at A, and
 dx 
1
decreasing to − w0 L at B.
2
Moment Diag:
 dm 
M is zero at A and decreases cubically  = V  to
 dx 
1 1  1 2
 − w0 L  L = − w0 L at B.
3 2  6
1
V max
= w0 L at B
2
1
M max
= w0 L2 at B
6

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
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Chapter 7, Solution 61.

(a) and (b) ΣM B = 0: aP + 2aC y − 3.5aP = 0

C y = 1.25P

ΣFy = 0: By − 2 P + 1.25P = 0 By = 0.75P

Shear Diag:
V is piecewise constant, equal to –P from A to B, jumping up 0.75P, at B,
to − 0.25P, and jumping up 1.25 P, at C, to + P.

Moment Diag:
 dM 
M is zero at A, decreasing linearly  = V = − P  to − Pa at B, and
 dx 
 dM 
further,  = V = − 0.25P  to − Pa − ( 0.25P )( 2a ) = −1.5Pa at C. M
 dx 
 dM 
then increases linearly  = V = P  to −1.5Pa + P (1.5a ) = 0 at D,
 dx 
as it must.
V max
= P along AB and CD

M max
= 1.5Pa at C

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 62.

(a) and (b) ΣM B = 0: ( 0.6 ft )( 4 kips ) + ( 5.1 ft )(8 kips )


+ ( 7.8 ft )(10 kips ) − ( 9.6 ft ) Ay =0

A y = 12.625 kips

Shear Diag:
 dV 
V is piecewise constant,  = 0  with discontinuities at each
 dx 
concentrated force. (equal to force)
V max
= 12.63 kips

Moment Diag:
 dM 
M is zero at A, and piecewise linear  = V  throughout.
 dx 

M C = (1.8 ft )(12.625 kips ) = 22.725 kip ⋅ ft


M D = 22.725 kip ⋅ ft + ( 2.7 ft )( 2.625 kips )
= 29.8125 kip ⋅ ft
M E = 29.8125 kip ⋅ ft − ( 4.5 ft )( 5.375 kips )
= 5.625 kip ⋅ ft
M B = 5.625 kip ⋅ ft − ( 0.6 ft )( 9.375 kips ) = 0

M max
= 29.8 kip ⋅ ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 63.

(a) and (b) FBD Beam:


ΣM E = 0: (1.1 m )( 0.54 kN ) − ( 0.9 m ) C y
+ ( 0.4 m )(1.35 kN ) − ( 0.3 m )( 0.54 kN ) = 0

C y = 1.08 kN

ΣFy = 0: − 0.54 kN + 1.08 kN − 1.35 kN + E − 0.54 kN = 0

E = 1.35 kN
Shear Diag:
 dV 
V is piecewise constant,  = 0 everywhere  with discontinuities at
 dx 
each concentrated force. (equal to the force)
V max
= 810 N

Moment Diag:
M is piecewise linear starting with M A = 0

M C = 0 − 0.2 m ( 0.54 kN ) = 0.108 kN ⋅ m


M D = 0.108 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.5 m )( 0.54 kN ) = 0.162 kN ⋅ m
M E = 0.162 kN ⋅ m − ( 0.4 m )( 0.81 kN ) = − 0.162 kN ⋅ m
M B = 0.162 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.3 m )( 0.54 kN ) = 0

M max
= 0.162 kN ⋅ m = 162.0 N ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 64.

(1.5 m ) E y − 
1 
ΣM A = 0: m  ( 360 N/m )(1 m ) − (1.3 m )( 600 N )
2 

− ( 2 m )( 420 N ) = 0 E y = 1200 N

ΣFy = 0: Ay + 1200 N − ( 360 N/m )(1 m ) − 600 N − 420 N = 0

A y = 180.0 N
(a)
Shear Diag:
V jumps to Ay = 180 N at A, then decreases linearly
 dV 
 = − w = − 360 N/m  to 180 N − ( 360 N/m )(1 m ) = −180 N at C.
 dx 
From C, V is piecewise constant ( w = 0 ) with jumps of − 600 N at D,
+ 1200 N at E, − 420 N at B.
Moment Diag:
dM
M starts at zero at A with slope = V = 180 N/m, decreasing to zero
dx
1
at x = 0.5 m . There M = (180 N )( 0.5 m ) = 45 N ⋅ m. M is zero again
2
at C, decreasing to − (180 N )( 0.3 m ) = − 54 N ⋅ m at D. M then
decreases by ( 780 N )( 0.2 m ) = 156 N ⋅ m to − 210 N ⋅ m at E, and
increases by ( 420 N )( 0.5 m ) = 210 N ⋅ m to zero at B.

(b) From the diagrams, V max


= 780 N along EB

M max
= 210 N ⋅ m at E

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 65.

(a) Shear Diag:


 dV 
V is zero at A with constant slope  = − w = −1 kip/ft  decreasing to
 dx 
− 3.6 kips at C. V then jumps 9 kips to 5.4 kips and is constant to D.
Then V increases with constant slope 1.5 kips/ft for 3 ft, to 9.9 kips at B.
This is also equal to By .

Moment Diag:
 dM 
M is zero at A, with zero slope  = V  decreasing to − 3.6 kips at C,
 dx 
1
where M = ( − 3.6 kips )( 3.6 ft ) , M C = − 6.48 kip ⋅ ft. M then increases
2
linearly with slope 5.4 kips to − 6.48 kip ⋅ ft + ( 5.4 kips )(1.8 ft )
= 3.24 kip ⋅ ft at D. Finally, M increases, with increasing slope, to
 5.4 kips + 9.9 kips 
M B = 3.24 kip ⋅ ft +   ( 3 ft ) ,
 2 
M B = 26.19 kip ⋅ ft.
(b)
From the diagrams, V max
= 9.90 kips at B

M max
= 26.2 kip ⋅ ft at B

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 66.

(a) ΣM B = 0: ( 4 m ) Ay − ( 2.7 m )(1.8 kN/m )( 2.6 m )


− ( 2.4 m )( 4 kN ) = 0
A y = 5.559 kN
Shear Diag:
At A, V jumps up 5.559 kN, then decreases with uniform slope of
−1.8 kN/m to 2.679 kN at C. V then jumps down 4 kN to −1.321 kN,
and continues with uniform slope −1.8 kN/m to − 3.121 kN at D. V is
then constant to B. Note: By = 3.121 kN
Moment Diag:
dM
M is zero at A, with slope = V = 5.559 kN. The slope decreases to
dx
 5.559 + 2.679 
2.679 kN at C, where M =  kN  (1.6 m ) ,
 2 
M C = 6.59 kN ⋅ m. At C the slope drops to −1.321 kN and continues to
 1.321 + 3.121 
decrease, M D = 6.59 kN ⋅ m −   kN (1 m ) = 4.37 kN ⋅ m.
 2 
M then decreases with uniform slope − 3.121 kN, to zero at B.

From the diagrams, V max


= 5.56 kN at A
(b) M = 6.59 kN ⋅ m at C
max

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 67.

(a) ΣFy = 0: Ay + ( 24 kN/m )( 2 m ) − 48 kN − 8 kN = 0

A y = 8 kN

ΣM A = 0: M A − (1 m )( 24 kN/m )( 2 m ) + ( 3.5 m )( 48 kN )

+ ( 4 m )( 8 kN ) = 0

M A = −152 kN ⋅ m

Shear Diag:

V jumps to 8 kN at A, and increases with uniform slope


dV
= − w = 24 kN/m to 56 kN at C. V is constant at 56 kN to D, then
dx
drops by 8 kN to 8 kN at D, is then constant at 8 kN to B.

Moment Diag:

M starts at M A = −152 kN ⋅ m, with slope 8 kN, which increases to 56 kN


 8 + 56 
at C, where M = −152 kN ⋅ m +  kN  ( 2 m ) = − 88 kN ⋅ m. Then
 2 
M increases with uniform slope 56 kN to − 88 kN ⋅ m + ( 56 kN )(1.5 m )
= − 4 kN ⋅ m at D, and finally, with slope 8 kN, to zero at B.

From the diagrams, V max


= 56 kN along CD

(b) M max
= 152.0 kN ⋅ m at A

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 68.

Note: Cx is omitted to avoid clutter.

(a) By symmetry C y = G y

ΣFy = 0: 2C y − 2 (12 lb/in.)(10 in.) − 2 (100 lb ) − 150 lb = 0

C y = 295 lb G y = 295 lb

Shear Diag:

dV
At A, V = 0 and has slope = − w = −12 lb/in. which is uniform to
dx
C, where V = − (12 lb/in.)(10 in.) = −120 lb ⋅ in. V jumps 295 lb to
+ 175 lb at C, is constant to D where it drops 100 lb to 75 lb, is constant
to E where it drops 150 lb to − 75 lb. The diagram can be completed
using symmetry.

Moment Diag:

M is zero at A, with zero slope, which decreases linearly to −120 lb at C,


1
where M = − (120 lb )(10 in.) = − 600 lb ⋅ in. M then increases, with
2
uniform slope 175 lb, to − 600 lb ⋅ in. + (175 lb )( 6 in.) = 450 lb ⋅ in. at D.
M then increases, at uniform slope 75 lb, to 450 lb + (75 lb)(6 in.)
= 900 lb ⋅ in. at E. The diagram can be completed using symmetry.

From the diagrams, V max


= 175.0 lb along CD and FG

(b) M = 900 lb ⋅ in. at center E


max

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 69.

(a) ΣM F = 0: (18 ft )(1 kip/ft )( 6 ft ) − (12 ft ) Dy


+ ( 4.5 ft )( 2 kips/ft )( 9 ft ) + ( 3 ft )( 33 kips ) = 0

D y = 24 kips

ΣFy = 0: 24 kips + Fy + 33 kips − (1 kip/ft )( 6 ft )

− ( 2 kips/ft )( 9 ft ) = 0 Fy = − 33 kips

Fy = 33 kips
Shear Diag:
dV
V = 0 at A and = −1 kip/ft is uniform to C, where V = − 6 kips .
dx
Then V is constant to D where it jumps up 24 kips to + 18 kips, and
dV
remains constant to E. From E to F, = − 2 kips/ft and V decreases by
dx
18 kips to zero at F, where it drops 33 kips, is constant to B, and jumps
33 kips to zero.
Moment Diag:
dM
At A, M = 0 and starts at zero, decreasing to − 6 kips at C, where
dx
1
M = ( 6 kips )( 6 ft ) = −18 kip ⋅ ft. M then decreases linearly by
2
( 6 kips )( 3 ft ) to − 36 kip ⋅ ft at D, and increases linearly by
dM
(18 kip )( 3 ft ) to + 18 kip ⋅ ft at E. From E to F, decreases from
dx
1
18 kips to zero as M increases by (18 kips )( 9 ft ) to 99 kip ⋅ ft, at F.
2
M then decreases linearly to zero at B.
From the diagrams, V max
= 33.0 kips along FB

M = 99.0 kips at F
(b) max

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 70.

(a)
ΣFy = 0: Ay + ( 200 N/m )( 0.8 m ) − (120 N/m )( 0.3 m ) = 0

Ay = −124 N A y = 124 N

ΣM A = 0: M A − 60 N ⋅ m − ( 0.4 m )( 200 N/m )( 0.8 m )

+ (1.35 m )(120 N/m )( 0.3 m ) = 0 M A = 75.4 N ⋅ m

Shear Diag:
dV
V drops to 124 N at A. = 200 N/m from A to C and V increases by
dx
( 200 N/m )( 0.8 m ) = 160 N to + 36 N at C. It remains at 36 N to D,
x 124 N
then decreases linearly to zero at B. Note V = 0 where = ,
0.8 m 160 N
or x = 0.62 m.
Moment Diag:
dM
M jumps to 75.4 at A where = −124 N. The slope increases to zero
dx
1
at x = 0.62 m, where M = 75.4 N ⋅ m − (124 N )( 0.62 m )
2
= 36.96 N ⋅ m. The slope then increases as M increases by
1
( 36 N )( 0.18 m ) = 3.24 N ⋅ m to 40.2 N ⋅ m at C, where it drops
2
60 N ⋅ m to −19.8 N ⋅ m. M increases linearly by
( 36 N )( 0.4 m ) = 14.4 N ⋅ m to − 5.4 N ⋅ m, and finally M increases
1 dM
quadratically by ( 36 N )( 0.3 m ) = 5.4 N ⋅ m to zero at B where is
2 dx
also zero.
From the diagrams, V max
= 124.0 N at A

M max
= 75.4 N at A
(b)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 71.

(a) ΣM A = 0: − ( 3 m )( 9 kN ) − 27 kN ⋅ m − ( 9 m )(12 kN ) + (12 m ) F

+ (16.5 m )( 3 kN ) + 22.5 kN ⋅ m = 0

F = 7.5 kN
ΣFy = 0: Ay − 9 kN − 12 kN + 7.5 kN + 3 kN = 0

A y = 10.5 kN

Shear Diag:
V is piecewise constant, with jumps at A, C, E, F, and B, equal to the
forces there.
Moment Diag:
M is piecewise linear with jumps at D and B equal to the couples there.
M C = (10.5 kN )( 3 m ) = 31.5 kN ⋅ m

M D − = 31.5 kN ⋅ m + (1.5 kN )( 3 m ) = 36.0 kN ⋅ m

M D+ = 36 kN ⋅ m + 27 kN ⋅ m = 63 kN ⋅ m

M E = 63 kN ⋅ m + (1.5 kN )( 3 m ) = 67.5 kN ⋅ m

M F = 67.5 kN ⋅ m − (10.5 kN )( 3 m ) = 36 kN ⋅ m

M B − = 36 kN ⋅ m − ( 3 kN )( 4.5 m ) = 22.5 kN ⋅ m

Finally M drops 22.5 kN ⋅ m to zero at B

From the diagrams, V max


= 10.50 kN along AC and EF
(b)
M max
= 67.5 kN ⋅ m at E

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 72.

(a)
ΣM A = 0: ( 3 m ) By − ( 2.1 m )( 2.5 kN/m )( 4.2 m ) = 0
B y = 7.35 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − ( 2.5 kN/m )( 4.2 m ) + 7.35 kN = 0


A y = 3.15 kN
Shear Diag:
dV
V has slope = − 2.5 kN/m throughout, and jumps at A and B equal to
dx
the forces there.
VB − = 3.15 kN − ( 2.5 kN/m )( 3 m ) = − 4.35

VB + = − 4.35 kN + 7.35 kN = 3 kN

VC = 3 kN − ( 2.5 kN/m )(1.2 m ) = 0


Note, V = 0 where 3.15 kN − ( 2.5 kN/m ) x = 0, x = 1.26 m.

Moment Diag:
dM
At A, M = 0 and = 3.15 kN. The slope decreases to zero at
dx
x = 1.26 m and to − 4.35 kN at B, jumps to 3.0 kN and decreases to
0 at C.
1
M D = ( 3.15 kN )(1.26 m ) = 1.9845 kN ⋅ m
2
1
M B = 1.9845 kN ⋅ m − ( 4.35 kN )( 3 m − 1.26 m ) = −1.80 kN ⋅ m
2
1
M C = −1.80 kN ⋅ m + ( 3 kN )(1.2 m ) = 0
2
From the diagrams, V max
= 4.35 kN at B
(b) M = 1.985 kN at D (1.26 m from A )
max

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 73.

Note: C x omitted to avoid clutter.


(a) ΣM C = 0: − ( 0.5 m )( 2 kN/m )( 2 m ) + (1.5 m )(1 kN )
− ( 3 m )( 4.5 kN/m )(1 m ) + ( 3.5 m ) By = 0
B y = 4.0 kN
ΣFy = 0: C y − ( 2 kN/m )( 2 m ) + 1 kN − ( 4.5 kN/m )(1 m )
+ 4.0 kN = 0 C y = 3.5 kN
Shear Diag:
dV
At A, V = 0 and = − 2 kN/m, so V decreases to −1 at C, then
dm
jumps 3.5 kN to + 2.5 kN, and continues to decrease, with the same
slope, to − 0.5 kN at D, jumps 1 kN to + 0.5 kN from D to E. Then V
decreases at rate 4.5 kN/m, to − 4.0 kN at B. Note that V = 0 where
8
( − 4.5 kN/m )( x ) = − 4 kN, x = m, and where ( 2 kN/m )( y ) = 2.5,
9
5
y = m.
4
Moment Diag:
dM
At A, M and = 0, with the slope decreasing to −1 kN at C, where
dx
1
M = − (1 kN )( 0.5 m ) = − 0.25 kN ⋅ m. The slope jumps to 2.5 kN
2
and decreases to zero at F and to − 0.5 kN at D.
1 5
M F = − 0.25 kN ⋅ m + ( 2.5 kN )  m  = 1.3125 kN ⋅ m
2 4 
1 1
M D = 1.3125 kN ⋅ m − ( 0.5 kN )  m  = 1.25 kN ⋅ m.
2 4 
From D, M increases by ( 0.5 kN )(1 m ) to 1.75 kN ⋅ m at G. M continues
1 1
to increase to 1.75 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.5 kN )  m  = 1.7778 kN ⋅ m at G and
2 9 
1 8
then decreases by ( 4 kN )  m  = 1.7778 kN ⋅ m, to zero at B.
2 9 
(b) From the diagrams, V max
= 4.00 kN at B
4 
M max
= 1.778 kN ⋅ m at G  m from B  
 9 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 74.

(a) ΣFy = 0: Ay − ( 2 kips/ft )( 8 ft ) − 3 kips + 7 kips = 0


A y = 12 kips

ΣM A = 0: M A + ( 4 ft )( 2 kips/ft )( 8 ft ) − (14 ft )( 3 kips )


− ( 20 ft )( 7 kips ) = 0 M A = 34 kip ⋅ ft
Shear Diag:
V jumps to 12 kips at A, then decreases at 2 kips/ft to − 4 kips at C to D.
V drops 3 kips to − 7 kips from D to B and jumps 7 kips to zero. Note:
V = 0 where 12 kips − ( 2 kips/ft ) x = 0, x = 6 ft.

Moment Diag:
M jumps to 34 kip ⋅ ft at A and then increases with decreasing slope to
1
34 kip ⋅ ft + (12 kips )( 6 ft ) = 70 kip ⋅ ft at E, and decreases by
2
1
( 4 kips )( 2 ft ) = 4 kip ⋅ ft, to 66 kip ⋅ ft at C. M then decreases by
2
( 4 kips )( 6 ft ) to 42 kip ⋅ ft at D, and by ( 7 kips )( 6 ft ) to zero at B.
M max
= 70 kip ⋅ ft at E 

ΣFy = 0: Ay − ( 2 kips/ft )( 8 ft ) − 3 kips + 10 kips = 0


A y = 9 kips

(b) ΣM A = 0: M A + ( 4 ft )( 2 kips/ft )( 8 ft ) + (14 ft )( 3 kips )

− ( 20 ft )(10 kips ) = 0 M A = 94 kip ⋅ ft


Shear Diag:
V jumps to 9 kips at A, then decreases, at 2 kips/ft , to − 7 kips at C to D,
drops 3 kips to −10 kips from D to B and jumps 10 kips to 0.

Note: V = 0 where 9 kips − ( 2 kips/ft ) x = 0, x = 4.5 ft.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Moment Diag:
M jumps to 94 kip ⋅ ft at A and increases to
1
94 kip ⋅ ft + ( 9 kips )( 4.5 ft ) = 114.25 kip ⋅ ft, then decreases by
2
1
( 7 kips )( 3.5 ft ) to 102 kip ⋅ ft at C. M decreases linearly by
2
( 7 kips )( 6 ft ) to 60 kip ⋅ ft at D, then by (10 kips )( 6 ft ) to zero at
B.
M max
= 114.3 kip ⋅ ft at E ( 4.5 ft from A) 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 75.

ΣM A = 0: (15 ft ) C y + ( 9 ft )( 600 lb ) − ( 4.5 ft )(800 lb/ft )( 9 ft ) = 0


C y = 1800 lb = 1.8 kips

ΣFy = 0: Ay + 1800 lb − ( 800 lb )( 9 ft ) + 600 lb = 0

A y = 4800 lb = 4.8 kips


Shear Diag:
V jumps to 4.8 kips at A then decreases linearly, at 0.8 kips/ft, to
− 2.4 kips at B, jumps 0.6 kips to −1.8 kips, is constant to C, and jumps
1.8 kips to zero.
Note: V = 0 at D, where 4.8 kips − ( 800 kip/ft ) x = 0, x = 6.0 ft.

Moment Diag:
M starts at zero and increases with decreasing slope to
1
( 4.8 kips )( 6 ft ) = 14.4 kip ⋅ ft at D, then decreases by
2
1
( 2.4 kips )( 3 ft ) to 10.8 kip ⋅ ft at B. M then decreases with slope
2
−1.8 kips to zero at C.

M max
= 14.40 kips at D (6 ft from A)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 76.

(a) ΣM A = 0: ( 6 m ) By − (1 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) − 24 kN ⋅ m
− ( 5 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) = 0 B y = 44 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 2 ( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) + 44 kN = 0

A y = 36 kN

Shear Diag:

V jumps to 36 kN at A, then decreases with slope –20 kN/m to − 4 kN


at C, is constant to E, then decreases with slope –20 kN/m to − 44 kN
at B.

Note: V = 0 at F where 36 kN − ( 20 kN/m ) x = 0, x = 1.8 m.

Moment Diag:

1
Starting at zero M increases with decreasing slope to (36 kN )(1.8 m)
2
1
= 32.4 kN ⋅ m at F , decreases by ( 4 kN )( 0.2 m ) to 32 kN ⋅ m at C ,
2
then with slope − 4 kN to 28 kN ⋅ m at D, where it jumps to 52 kN ⋅ m,
M decreases with slope − 4 kN to 48 kN ⋅ m at E, then with increasingly
 4 + 44 
negative slope by  kN  ( 2 m ) to zero at B.
(b)  2 

M max
= 52 kN ⋅ m ( at D ) W

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 77.

(a) ΣM A = 0: ( 6 m ) By − (1 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) + 24 kN ⋅ m
− ( 5 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) = 0 B y = 36 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 2 ( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) + 36 kN = 0

A y = 44 kN

Shear Diag:

V jumps to 44 kN at A, then decreases with slope − 20 kN/m to 4 kN at


C, is constant to E, then decreases with slope − 20 kN/m to −36 kN at B.
V = 0 at F where − 36 kN + ( 20 kN/m ) x = 0, x = 1.8 m.

Moment Diag:

 44 + 4 
M starts at zero, increases with decreasing slope to  kN ( 2 m )
 2 
= 48 kN ⋅ m at C , increases with slope 4 kN to 52 kN ⋅ m at D, drops
24 kN ⋅ m to 28 kN ⋅ m then increases with slope 4 kN to 32 kN ⋅ m at E.
1
Then M increases with decreasing slope, by ( 4 kN )( 0.2 m ) to
2
32.4 kN ⋅ m at F and decreases with increasingly negative slope to
zero at B.

(b) M max
= 52.0 kN ⋅ m ( at D ) 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 78.

Note: The 2 kip force at E has been replaced by the equivalent force and
(a) couple at C.

ΣM A = 0: − ( 6 ft )(1 kip/ft )(12 ft ) + 8 kip ⋅ ft − (12 ft )( 2 kips )


+ ( 24 ft ) Dy − ( 32 ft )(1 kip ) = 0 D y = 5 kips

ΣFy = 0: Ay − (1 kip/ft )(12 ft ) − 2 kips + 5 kips − 1 kip = 0

A y = 10 kips

Shear Diag:

From 10 kips at A, V decreases with slope −1 kip/ft to − 2 kips at C,


drops 2 kips, is constant at − 4 kips to D, jumps 5 kips, and is constant at
1 kip to B.
V = 0 at E, where 10 kips − (1 kip/ft ) x = 0, x = 10 ft.

Moment Diag:

1
From zero at A, M increases with decreasing slope to (10 kips)(10 ft )
2
1
= 50 kip ⋅ ft at F , decreases by ( 2 kips )( 2 ft ) to 48 kip ⋅ ft at C, drops
2
8 kip ⋅ ft to 40 kip ⋅ ft, then decreases with slope − 4 kips to − 8 kip ⋅ ft at
D. Finally M increases with slope 1 kip to zero at B.

(b) M max
= 50 kip ⋅ ft at F (10.00 ft from A ) W

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 79.

(a) Note: The 2 kip force at E has been replaced by the equivalent force and
couple at C.
ΣM A = 0: − ( 6 ft )(1 kip/ft )(12 ft ) + (12 ft )( 2 kips ) − 8 kip ⋅ ft
11
+ ( 24 ft ) Dy − ( 32 ft )(1 kip ) = 0 Dy = kips
3
11
ΣFy = 0: Ay − (1 kip/ft )(12 ft ) + 2 kips − kips − 1 kip = 0
3
22
Ay = kips
3
Shear Diag:
22 14
Starting at kips at A, V decreases with slope −1 kip/ft to − kips
3 3
8 11
at C, jumps 2 kips and remains constant at − kips to D, jumps kips
3 3
and remains constant at 1 kip to B, drops to zero.
22 22
V = 0 at F, where kip − (1 kip/ft ) x = 0, x= ft.
3 3
Moment Diag:
Starting from zero, M increases with decreasing slope to
1  22  22 
 kips  ft  = 26.889 kip ⋅ ft at F . M then decreases by
2 3  3 
1  14  14 
 kips  ft  to 16 kip ⋅ ft at C , jumps to 24 kip ⋅ ft, decreases
2 3  3 
8
with slope − kips to − 8 kip ⋅ ft at D, and finally increases with slope
3
1 kip to zero at B.
(b)
M max
= 26.9 kip ⋅ ft at F ( 7.33 ft from A) W

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 80.

(b)  x 
(a) Distributed load w = w0  4   − 1
 L 
dV
Shear: = −w, and V ( 0 ) = 0, so
dx
x x/L x
V = ∫0 − wdx = − ∫
0
Lwd  
L

  x 2
x/L  x   x    x
V = ∫0 wo L 1 − 4    d   = w L    − 2  
0
  L   L   L  L 
 
Notes: At x = L, V = −w0 L
2
x x x 1
And V = 0 at   = 2  or =
L L L 2
x 1
Also V is max where w = 0  = 
L 4
1
Vmax = w0 L
8
dM
Moment: M ( 0 ) = 0, =V
dx
x x/L x x
M = ∫ 0 vdx = L∫ 0 V  d  
L L
 x  2
2 x/L x  x
M = w0 L ∫0   − 2    d  
 L   L    L 

 x  2
x 
V = w0 L   − 2    
 L   L  

 1  x  2 2  x 3 
2
M = w0 L    −    
 2  L  3  L  

1 L
M max = w0 L2 at x =
24 2
1
M min = − w0 L2 at x = L
6

w0 L2 L
M max = at x =
24 2

w0 L2
(c) M max
= −M min = at B 
6

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 81.

(b) 1 1 3
ΣFy = 0: Ay − ( 2w0 ) ( 2a ) + w0a = 0 Ay = w0a
2 2 2

( 2a ) ( 2w0 ) ( 2a ) −  a  ( w0 ) ( a ) = 0
2 1 7 1
ΣM A = 0: M A +
3 2 3 2
3
M A = − w0a 2
2
w0
(a) for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2a: w= x
a

( )
3 x w0 w
V =
2
w0a −
∫ 0 a
xdx = 0 3a 2 − x 2 W
2a
3 w0
( )
x
M = − w0a 2 +
2 ∫ 0 2a
3a 2 − x 2 dx

M =
w0
6a
( )
− 9a 3 + 9a 2 x − x3 W

Note: V = 0 at x = 3a, where M = 0.232 w0a 2


At x = 2a,
1
M = w0a 2
6
w0
for 2a ≤ x ≤ 3a : w = − 3w0 + x
a
1 x w0
V = − w0a +
2 ∫ 2a a
( 3a − x ) dx

V =
w0
2a
(
− 9a 2 + 6ax − x 2 W )
( )
1 x w0
M =
6
w0a +
∫ 2a 2a
− 9a 2 + 6ax − x 2 dx

M =
w0
6a
(
27a3 − 27a 2 x + 9ax 2 − x3 W )
(c) 3
M max
= w0a 2 at A ( x = 0 ) W
2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 82.

(a) FBD Beam:


1
ΣM B = 0: ( 3a )  
w0 ( 3a )  − 5aAy = 0 A y = 0.9w0a
2 
1
ΣFy = 0: 0.9w0a − w0 ( 3a ) + B = 0
2
B = 0.6w0a
Shear Diag:
V = Ay = 0.9w0a from A to C and V = B = − 0.6w0a from B to D.
x1
Then from D to C, w = w0 . If x1 is measured right to left,
3a
dV dM x w
= + w and = − V . So, from D, V = − 0.6w0a + ∫ 0 1 0 x1dx1,
dx1 dx1 3a
 2
1  x1  
V = w0a  − 0.6 +   
 6  a  
2
x 
Note: V = 0 at  1  = 3.6, x1 = 3.6 a
a
Moment Diag:
 dM 
M = 0 at A, increasing linearly  = 0.9w0a  to M C = 0.9w0a 2.
 dx1 
 dM 
Similarly M = 0 at B increasing linearly  = 0.6w0a  to
 dx 
M D = 0.6w0a 2. Between C and D
 2
0.6 − 1  x1   dx1,
2 x1
M = 0.6w0a + w0a ∫
0  6 a  
 
 3
x  1 x  
M = w0a 2 0.6 + 0.6  1  −  1  
  a  18  a  
(b) x1
At = 3.6, M = M max = 1.359w0a 2 
a
x1 = 1.897a left of D 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 83.

L1  w0 L
ΣM A = 0: LBy −  w0 L  = 0 By =
54  20

( )
w0 L x1 w0 3 w
V =−
20
+
∫ 0 L
x dx1 = 0 3 5x14 − L4
3 1
20L

w0 
5 ( L − x ) − L4  W
4
or V = 3 
20 L  

Note: V = 0 at x1 = 5−1/ 4 L = 0.6687 L

or x = 0.3313 L

( )
x1 w0
M =0+
∫ 0 20L3
5x14 − L4 dx1

=
w0
20L3
(
x15 − L4 x1 )
w0 
( L − x ) − L4 ( L − x )  W
5
or M = 3 
20L  

M max = M at x1 = 0.6687 L, x = 0.331 L W

M max = 0.0267 w0 L2 W

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 84.

(a) ΣM C = 0: ( 395 − 215 ) N ⋅ m + ( 0.1 m )(1000 N/m )( 0.2 m )


FBD section AC:
− ( 0.2 m )VA = 0, VA = 1000 N

ΣM B = 0: 395 N ⋅ m + ( 0.45 m )(1 kN/m )( 0.4 m )

− ( 0.65 m )(1 kN ) + ( 0.25 m ) P = 0

FBD whole: P = 0.3 kN, P = 300 N W


(b)
ΣFy = 0: 1000 N − 400 N − 300 N − Q = 0

Q = 300 N W

Shear Diag:

Starting at 1000 N, V decreases with slope − 1000 N/m to 600 N at D, drops


300 N and is constant to B where it drops 300 N to zero.

Moment Diag:

Starting at − 395 N ⋅ m, M increases with decreasing slope to −395 N ⋅ m


 1000 + 600 
+ N ( 0.4 m ) = − 75 N ⋅ m at D, then increases with slope 300 N
 2 
to zero at B.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 85.

(a) ΣM C = 0: ( 395 − 215) N ⋅ m − ( 0.2 m ) Ay


FBD section AC: + ( 0.1 m )(1000 N/m )( 0.2 m ) = 0

A y = 1000 N

ΣM B = 0: 395 N ⋅ m + ( 0.325 m )(1000 N/m )( 0.65 m )

(b) + ( 0.25 m ) P = 0 − ( 0.65 m )(1000 N ) = 0


FBD Whole: P = 175.0 N W
ΣFy = 0: 1000 N − 175 N − Q − (1000 N/m )( 0.65 m ) = 0

Q = 175.0 N W

Shear Diag:
V starts at 1000 N, and has slope − 1000 N/m throughout, but with drops of
175 N at D and B.

Moment Diag:
M starts at − 395 N ⋅ m and increases with decreasing slope to − 295 N ⋅ m
 1000 + 600 
+ N ( 0.4 m ) = − 75 N ⋅ m at D. There is a discontinuity in slope,
 2 
 425 + 175 
and M increases by  N  ( 0.25 m ) to zero at B.
 2 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 86.

(a) ΣM C = 0: 2.7 kN ⋅ m − ( 0.2 m ) Ay = 0, A y = 1.35 kN


FBD AC:
ΣM D = 0: ( 0.2 m ) Dy − 2.5 kN ⋅ m = 0, D y = 1.25 kN

ΣM C = 0: − ( 2 m )(1.35 kN ) − ( 2 m )( 0.4 kN/m )( 4 m ) − ( 4 m ) Q

+ ( 6 m )(1.25 kN ) = 0, Q = 0.4 kN
FBD AB:
Q = 400 N W

ΣFy = 0: 1.35 kN − P − ( 0.4 kN/m )( 4 m ) − 0.4 kN + 1.25 kN = 0

P = 0.6 kN

(b) P = 600 N W
FBD Whole: Shear Diag:
V is constant at 1.35 kN from A to C, drops 0.6 kN, then decreases with
slope –0.4 kN/m ( −1.6 kN ) to − 0.85 kN at D, drops 0.4 kN to
−1.25 kN, and is constant to B.
V = 0 where 0.75 kN – (0.4 kN/m)x = 0, x = 1.875 m.
Moment Diag:
From zero at A, M increases with slope 1.35 kN to 2.70 kN ⋅ m at C, the
slope drops to 0.75 kN and then decreases to zero at E, where
1
M = 2.7 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.75 kN )(1.875 m ) = 3.403 kN ⋅ m. This curve
2
1
continues to D where M = 3.403 kN ⋅ m − ( 0.85 kN )( 2.125 m )
2
= 2.50 kN ⋅ m, then M decreases with slope −1.25 kN to zero at B.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 87.

(a) ΣM C = 0: 2.7 kN ⋅ m − (1.35 m ) Ay = 0, A y = 2 kN


FBD AC:
ΣM D = 0: 2.5 kN ⋅ m − ( 2 m ) By = 0, B y = 1.25 kN

ΣM C = 0: ( 6.65 m )(1.25 kN ) − ( 4.65 m ) Q

− ( 2.325 m )( 0.4 kN/m )( 4.65 m ) − (1.35 m )( 2 kN ) = 0

FBD DB: Q = 0.27699 kN

Q = 277 N W

ΣFy = 0: 2 kN − P − 0.277 kN − ( 0.4 kN/m )( 4.65 m ) + 1.25 kN = 0

P = 1.113 kN W
(b)
Shear Diag:
FBD Whole:
V is constant at 2 kN from A to C, drops 1.113 kN to 0.887 kN, then decreases
with slope − 0.4 kN/m to 0.887 kN − ( 0.4 kN/m ) ( 4.65 m )
= − 0.973 kN, drops 0.277 kN to −1.25 kN and is constant to B.
V = 0 where 0.887 kN − ( 0.4 kN/m ) x = 2.2175 m at E .

Moment Diag:
Starting from zero, M increases with slope 2 kN to 2.7 kN ⋅ m at C. The
slope drops to 0.887 kN and decreases to zero at E where M = 2.7 kN
1
+ ( 0.887 kN )( 2.2175 m ) = 3.68 kN ⋅ m. This curve continues to D
2
where M = 2.5 kN ⋅ m, then M decreases linearly to zero at B.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 88.

ΣM A = 0: ( 5 m ) Dy − ( 4 m )( 2.25 kN ) − ( 2 m )( 3 kN ) = 0
FBD Cable:
D y = 3 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 3 kN − 2.25 kN + 3 kN = 0

A y = 2.25 kN

Point D: ΣFx = 0: − Ax + Dx = 0, Ax = Dx (1)

Since Ax = Dx and Dy > Ay , TCD is Tmax

3
ΣFy = 0: 3 kN − TCD = 0 TCD = 5 kN
5

4
ΣFx = 0: − ( 5 kN ) + Dy = 0 D x = 4 kN
5
Point A: From(1), A x = 4 kN

dB 2.25 kN
= (a ) d B = 1.125 m W
2m 4 kN

(b) A x = 4.00 kN W

A y = 2.25 kN W

(c) Tmax = 5.00 kN W

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 89.

FBD Cable: ΣM A = 0: ( 5 m ) Dy − ( 4 m )( 2.25 kN ) − ( 2 m )( 3 kN ) = 0


D y = 3 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 3 kN − 2.25 kN + 3 kN = 0

A y = 2.25 kN

ΣFx = 0: − Ax + Dx = 0 Ax = Dx

Since Ax = Dx , and Dy > Ay , Tmax is TCD = 3.6 kN


Point D:
dC 1m 1 + dC2
= =
3 kN Dx 3.6 kN

1.2 dC = 1 + dC2 ,

1.44 dC2 = 1 + dC2

Point A: dC = 1.50756 m

1 m 
Also Dx = 3 kN   = 1.98997 kN = Ax
 dC 

dB 2m
= (a) d B = 2.26 m W
2.25 kN 1.9900 kN

(b) dC = 1.508 m W

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 90.

ΣM A = 0: 4aE y − 3a (1.2 kips ) − 2a ( 0.8 kips ) − a ( 0.4 kips ) = 0


FBD Cable:
E y = 1.4 kips

ΣFy = 0: AY − ( 0.4 + 0.8 + 1.2 kips ) + 1.4 kips = 0

A y = 1.0 kips

ΣFx = 0: − Ax + Ex = 0, Ax = Ex

Since Ax = Ex and E y > Ay , Tmax = TDE

FBD CDE:
ΣM C = 0: ( 30 ft )(1.4 kips ) − (12 ft ) Ex − (15 ft )(1.2 kips ) = 0
(a) E x = 2.00 kips W

E y = 1.400 kips W

(b) Tmax = TDE = 2.44 kips W

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 91.

ΣM A = 0: 4aE y − 3a (1.2 kips ) − 2a ( 0.8 kips ) − a ( 0.4 kips ) = 0


FBD Cable:
E y = 1.4 kips

ΣFy = 0: Ay − ( 0.4 + 0.8 + 1.2 kips ) + 1.4 kips = 0

A y = 1.0 kips

ΣFx = 0: − Ax + Ex = 0, Ax = Ex
Point E: Since Ax = Ex , and E y > Ay , Tmax = TDE

Ex = ( 5 kips )2 + (1.4 kips )2 = 4.8 kips

FBD CDE:

ΣM C = 0: ( 30 ft )(1.4 kips ) − dC ( 4.8 kips ) − (15 ft )(1.2 kips ) = 0


dC = 5.00 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 92.

(a) FBD Whole:


ΣM A = 0: (1.2 m ) Ex + ( 4 m ) E y − (1 m )(1.8 kN )
− ( 2 m )( 3.6 kN ) − ( 3 m )(1.2 m ) = 0
1.2Ex + 4E y = 12.6 kN (1)

FBD CDE:
ΣM C = 0: ( 2 m ) E y − ( 0.6 m ) Ex − (1 m )(1.2 kN ) = 0
− 0.6Ex + 2E y = 1.2 kN (2)
Solving (1) and (2) E x = 4.25 kN

E y = 1.875 kN

(a) E = 4.65 kN 23.8°

(b) From FBD whole: ΣFx = 0 − Ax + 4.25 kN = 0 A x = 4.25 kN


AB: ΣFy = 0 Ay − 1.8 kN − 3.6 kN − 1.2 kN + 1.875 kN = 0

A y = 4.725 kN

ΣM B = 0: d B ( 4.25 kN ) − (1 m )( 4.725 kN ) = 0
d B = 1.112 m

DE:

ΣM D = 0: (1 m )(1.875 kN ) − ( d D − 1.2 m )( 4.25 kN ) = 0


d D = 1.641 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 93.

ΣFy = 0: E y − 1.2 kN = 0 E y = 1.2 kN


FBD DE:
ΣM D = 0: (1 m )(1.2 kN ) − ( dC − 1.2 m ) Ex = 0 (1)

FBD Whole:
ΣM A = 0: (1.2 m ) Ex + ( 4 m )(1.2 kN ) − ( 3 m )(1.2 kN )
− ( 2 m )( 3.6 kN ) − (1 m )(1.8 kN ) = 0

E x = 6.5 kN

(a) then, from (1) dC = 1.385 m

ΣFx = 0: − Ax + 6.5 kN = 0 A x = 6.5 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 1.8 kN − 3.6 kN − 1.2 kN + 1.2 kN = 0

A y = 5.4 kN

So (b) A = 8.45 kN 39.7°

E = 6.61 kN 10.46°

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 94.

FBD Cable: Hanger forces at A and F act on the supports, so A y and Fy act on the
cable.

ΣM F = 0: ( 6 ft + 12 ft + 18 ft + 24 ft )( 400 lb )
− ( 30 ft ) Ay − ( 5 ft ) Ax = 0

Ax + 6 Ay = 4800 lb (1)
FBD ABC:
ΣM C = 0: ( 7 ft ) Ax − (12 ft ) Ay + ( 6 ft )( 400 lb ) = 0 (2)

Solving (1) and (2) A x = 800 lb

2000
Ay = lb
3

From FBD Cable: ΣFx = 0: − 800 lb + Fx = 0


FBD DEF:
Fx = 800 lb

2000
ΣFy = 0: lb − 4 ( 400 lb ) + Fy = 0
3
2800
Fy = lb
3

2
 2800 
Since Ax = Fx and Fy > Ay , Tmax = TEF = (800 lb ) 2
+ lb 
 3 

(a) Tmax = 1229.27 lb, Tmax = 1.229 kips

(12 ft ) 
2800 
ΣM D = 0: lb  − d D ( 800 lb ) − ( 6 ft )( 400 lb ) = 0
 3 
(b) d D = 11.00 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 95.

ΣM C = 0: (18 ft ) Fy − ( 9 ft ) Fy − ( 6 ft + 12 ft )( 400 lb ) = 0
FBD CDEF:
Fx − 2Fy = − 800 lb (1)

FBD Cable: ΣM A = 0: ( 30 ft ) Fy − ( 5 ft ) Fx − ( 6 ft )(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 )( 400 lb ) = 0


Fx − 6Fy = − 4800 lb (2)

Solving (1) and (2), Fx = 1200 lb , Fy = 1000 lb

ΣFx = 0: − Ax + 1200 lb = 0 , A x = 1200 lb


Point F:
ΣFy = 0: Ay + 1000 lb − 4 ( 400 lb ) = 0 , A y = 600 lb

Since Ax = Ay and Fy > Ay , Tmax = TEF

Tmax = (1 kip )2 + (1.2 kips )2


(a) Tmax = 1.562 kips 
FBD DEF:

ΣM D = 0: (12 ft )(1000 lb ) − d D (1200 lb ) − ( 6 ft )( 400 lb ) = 0


(b) d D = 8.00 ft 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 96.

ΣM A = 0: ( 9 ft ) P − ( 6 ft )( 30 lb ) − a ( 20 lb ) = 0
FBD BC:
 20a 
P =  20 +  lb with a in ft. (1)
 9 

ΣFx = 0: − TAB x + P = 0 TAB x = P

ΣFy = 0: TAB y − 20 lb − 30 lb = 0 TAB y = 50 lb

TAB x a 50a
But = so P= (2)
TAB y 7 7

Solving (1) and (2), a = 4.0645 ft, P = 29.032 lb

(a) P = 29.0 lb 

(b) a = 4.06 ft 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 97.

FBD C:
ΣM B = 0: ( 2 ft )( 25 lb ) − ( 6 ft − a )( 30 lb ) = 0
13
a= ft
3

a = 4.33 ft

FBD BC:
( b + 2 ft )( 25 lb ) − ( 6 ft )( 30 lb ) − 
13 
ΣM A = 0: ft  ( 20 lb ) = 0
 3 
32
b= ft
3
b = 10.67 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 98.

12 3
ΣFx = 0: − TAB + TBC + 1.32 kN = 0
FBD B: 13 5

5 4
ΣFy = 0: TAB − TBC = 0
13 5

Solving: TAB = 2.08 kN, TBC = 1 kN

By inspection of A,

(a) A = 2.08 kN 22.6°


FBD C:
12 3
ΣFx = 0: TCD − (1 kN ) = 0 , TCD = 0.65 kN
13 5
4 5
ΣFy = 0: (1 kN ) + ( 0.65 kN ) − w = 0
5 13
w = 1.05 kN

w 1050 N
(b) m = = = 107.03 kg m = 107.0 kg
g 9.81 m/s 2

(c) From above TAB = 2.08 kN

TBC = 1.000 kN

TCD = 650 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 99.

FBD C:
( )
W = mg = (150 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 1471.5 N = 1.4715 kN

12 3
ΣFx = 0: TCD − TBC = 0
13 5

5 4
ΣFy = 0: TCD + TBC − 1.4715 kN = 0
13 5

Solving: TCD = 0.91093 kN = 911 N, TBC = 1.40143 kN

FBD B: By inspection of D, (a) D = 911 N 22.6°

12 3
ΣFx = 0: P− TAB + (1.40143 kN ) = 0
13 5

5 4
ΣFy = 0: TAB − (1.40143 kN ) = 0, TAB = 2.91497 kN
13 5

(b) P = 1.850 kN

From above (c) TAB = 2.91 kN

TBC = 1.401 kN

TCD = 911 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 100.

FBD E:

Ex Ey T
= = DE Ex = E y (1)
1 1 2

FBD CDE:
ΣM C = 0: ( 6.5 m ) E y − ( 4.2 m ) Ex − ( 3.5 m ) wD =0

35
2.3Ex = 3.5wD , Ex = E y = wD
23
35
ΣM B = 0: (8.1 m − 3 m )  
wD  − ( 5.1 m ) wD − (1.6 m ) wC = 0
 23 
wC = 1.66304wD , mC = 1.66304 mD
FBD B: (a) mC = 56.5 kg 

4 5
ΣFx = 0: − TBC + Ex = 0, TBC = Ex
5 4
45  1 24
ΣFx = 0:  Ex  − TAB − TBF = 0
54  2 25

1 7 3 5 
ΣFy = 0: TAB − TBF −  Ex  = 0
2 25 5 4 

Ex 31 25
Solving: = TBF , TBF = Ex
4 25 124
25  35 
TBF =   wD = 0.30680wD
124  23 

wD = ( 34 kg )( 9.81 N/kg ) (b) TBF = 102.3 N 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 101.

FBD E: Ey
Ex
= Ex = E y
1 1

ΣM C = 0: ( 6.5 m ) E y − ( 4.2 m ) Ex − ( 3.5 m ) wD =0

35
2.3Ex = 3.5wD , Ex = E y = wD
FBD CDE: 23
35
ΣM B = 0: (8.1 m − 3 m ) wD − ( 5.1 m ) wD − (1.6 m ) wC = 0
23
wD = 0.60131 wC , mD = 0.60131 mC = 33.072 kg

(a) mD = 33.1 kg

4 5
ΣFx = 0: − TBC = Ex , TBC = Ex
5 4
Point B:
45  1 24
ΣFx = 0:  Ex  − TAB − TBF = 0
54  2 25

1 7 3 5 
ΣFy = 0: TAB − TBF +  Ex  = 0
2 25 5 4 
31 1 25
Solving: TBF = Ex , TBF = Ex
25 4 124

TBF =
25  35  25 35
 wD  =
124  23  124 23
( 33.072 kg ) 9.81 m/s2 ( )
(b) TBF = 99.5 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 102.

(a) FBD half wire: Since h = 1.5 m  L = 30 m we can approximate the load as evenly
distributed horizontally, and the length S = L.

 kg   N
W =  0.6   9.81  ( 30 m ) = 176.58 N
 m  kg 

ΣM B = 0: (15 m )(176.58 N ) − (1.5 m ) TC =0

TC = 1765.8 N

Tmax = TB = TC2 + W 2

Tmax = (1765.8 N )2 + (176.58 N )2 , Tmax = 177.5 kN

 2  yB 
2
2  yB 
4 
(b) 
S B = xB 1 +   −   + ...
 3  xB  5  xB  
 

 2  1.5 
2
2  1.5 
4 
= ( 30 m ) 1 +   −   + ... = 30.05 m S tot = 60.1 m
 3  30  5  30  

Note: the third term in the brackets is unnecessary

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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Chapter 7, Solution 103.

Half-cable FBDs:

T1x = T2 x to create zero horizontal force on tower → thus T01 = T02


FBD I: ΣM B = 0: (15 m )  w ( 30 m ) − h1T0 =0

h1 =
( 450 m ) w2

T0

FBD II: ΣM B = 0: ( 2 m ) T0 − (10 m )  w ( 20 m ) =0

T0 = (100 m ) w

(a) h1 =
( 450 m ) w = 4.50 m
2

(100 m ) w
FBD I: ΣFx = 0: T1x − T0 = 0

T1x = (100 m ) w

ΣFy = 0: T1y − ( 30 m ) w = 0

T1y = ( 30 m ) w

T1 = (100 m )2 + ( 30 m )2 w
(
= (104.4 m )( 0.4 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 )
= 409.7 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
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FBD II: ΣFy = 0: T2y − ( 20 m ) w = 0

T2y = ( 20 m ) w

T2 x = T1x = (100 m ) w

T2 = (100 m )2 + ( 20 m )2 w = 400.17 N
(b) T1 = 410 N 

T2 = 400 N 

*Since h L it is reasonable to approximate the cable weight as being distributed uniformly along the
horizontal. The methods of section 7.10 are more accurate for cables sagging under their own weight.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 104.

FBD half-span:

 2075 ft 
(a) ΣM B = 0:   ( 23032.5 kips ) − ( 464 ft ) T0 = 0
 2 

T0 = 47, 246 kips

Tmax = T02 + W 2 = ( 47, 246 kips )2 + ( 23, 033 kips )2 = 56, 400 kips

 2 y
2
2 y
4 
(b) s = x 1 +   −   + "
 3 x  5 x 

 2  464 ft 
2
2  464 ft 
4 
sB = ( 2075 ft ) 1 +   −   + "
 3  2075 ft  5  2075 ft  

sB = 2142 ft l = 2sB l = 4284 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 105.

FBD half-span: W = ( 9.75 kips/ft )(1750 ft ) = 17, 062.5 kips

ΣM B = 0: ( 875 ft )(17, 065 kips ) − ( 316 ft ) T0 = 0

T0 = 47, 246 kips

Tmax = T02 + W 2 = ( 47, 246 kips )2 + (17, 063 kips )2


(a) Tmax = 50, 200 kips

 2 y
2
2 y
4 
s = x 1 +   −   + "
 3 x  5 x 

 2  316 ft 
2
2  316 ft 
4 
sB = (1750 ft ) 1 +   −   + "
 3  1750 ft  5  1750 ft  
= 1787.3 ft

(b) l = 2sB = 3575 ft


*
To get 3-digit accuracy, only two terms are needed.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 106.

FBD pipe: neglecting friction

ΣM B = 0: r (Tmax − WB ) = 0, Tmax = WB = 60 lb

Assuming the weight to be evenly distributed horizontally, and


FBD half-cord: S=L

W = ( 0.02 lb/ft )( 75 ft ) = 1.5 lb

T0 = ( 60 lb )2 − (1.5 lb )2 = 59.981 lb

ΣM B = ( 37.5 ft )(1.5 lb ) − h ( 59.981 lb ) = 0

(a) h = 0.93780 ft, h = 11.25 in.

1.5 lb
(b) θ B = sin −1 = 1.43254°, θ B = 1.433°
60 lb

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 107.

(a) FBD ship:

ΣFx = 0: T0 − 300 N = 0, T0 = 300 N


FBD half-span:*

Tmax = T02 + W 2 = ( 300 N )2 2


= ( 54 N ) = 305 N 

L LW
(b) ΣM A = 0: hTx − W = 0, h=
4 4Tx

 2 
2 4 LW yA W
s = x 1 +   + L but yA = h = so =
 3 x  4Tx xA 2Tx

 2 
L 2  53.955 N 
( 2.5 m ) = 1 +   − L → L = 4.9732 m
2  3  600 N  

LW
So h = = 0.2236 m h = 224 mm 
4Tx
*See note Prob. 7.103

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 108.

 2 4 
2 y 2 y
s = x 1 +   −   + L
 3 x
  5  x 

 2 2 
2 h  2 h 
Knowing l = 2sTOT = L 1 +   −   + L
 3  L/2  5  L/2  
 
Winter:
 2 4 
2  386 ft  2  386 ft 
lw = ( 4260 ft ) 1 +   −   + L = 4351.43 ft
 3  2130 ft  5  2130 ft  

Summer:
 2 4 
2  394 ft  2  394 ft 
ls = ( 4260 ft )  1 +   −   + L = 4355.18 ft
 3  2130 ft  5  2130 ft  

∆l = ls − lw = 3.75 ft 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 109.

FBD whole: ΣM D = 0: ( 2m ) TAx − ( 5 m )( 98.1 + 147.15) N = 0


TAx = 1103.6 N

FBD half-cable: ΣFx = 0: T0 − TAx = 0, T0 = 1103.6 N

ΣFy = 0: TAy = 49.05 N = 0, TAy = 49.05 N

ΣM A = 0: h (1103.6 N ) − ( 2.5 m )( 49.05 N ) = 0

h = 0.11111 m

(a) h = 111.1 mm

TAy 49.05
(b) θ = tan −1 = tan −1 = 2.5449°, θ = 2.54°
TAx 1103.6

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 110.

FBD AB:

ΣM A = 0: (1100 ft ) TBy − ( 496 ft ) TBx − ( 550 ft )W =0

11TBy − 4.96TBx = 5.5W (1)

FBD CB:
W
ΣM C = 0: ( 550 ft ) TBy − ( 278 ft ) TBx − ( 275 ft ) =0
2
11TBy − 5.56TBx = 2.75W (2)

Solving (1) and (2) TBy = 28,798 kips


Solving (1) and (2) TBx = 51, 425 kips
TB y
Tmax = TB = TB2x + TB2y , tan θ B =
TBx

So that (a) Tmax = 58,900 kips

(b) θ B = 29.2°

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 111.

w 2
Eqn: y= x
Cable profile: 2T0
xB − x A = 45 in.

w
at A: 4 in. = ( xB − 45 in.)2 (1)
2T0

w 2
at B: 1 in. = xB (2)
2T0


( xB − 45 in.)2 =4
xB2

or xB2 + 30 xB − 675 = 0

xB = ( −15 ± 30 ) in. xB = 15 in.

x A = xB − 45 in. x A = − 30 in.

(a) lowest point (x = 0) is 30 in. from A


wxB2 1  0.18 lb 
 (15 in.)
2
From (2), T0 = = 
2 2  12 in. 

T0 = 1.6875 lb
Tmax occurs at A where slope is maximum

(1.6875 lb )2 + 
0.18 lb 
Tmax = T02 + ( wx A ) =  ( − 30 in.) = 1.74647 lb
2 2

 12 in. 
(b) Tmax = 1.747 lb

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 112.

a b
ΣM A = 0: y AT0 − wa = 0 ΣM B = 0: − yBT0 + wb = 0
2 2

wa 2 wb 2
yA = yB =
2T0 2T0

d = ( yB − yB ) =
w 2
2T0
(
b − a2 )
2 2
But T0 = TB2 − ( wb ) = Tmax
2
− ( wb )

( ) ( )
2
∴ ( 2d )2 Tmax
2 2
− ( wb ) 

= w2 b 2 − a 2 = L2 w2 4b 2 − 4 Lb + L2

 T2 
or ( )
4 L2 + d 2 b 2 − 4 L3b +  L4 − 4d 2 max
w2
 = 0
 

Using L = 6 m, d = 0.9 m, Tmax = 8 kN, (


w = ( 85 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s2 = 833.85 N/m)
yields b = ( 2.934 ± 1.353) m, b = 4.287 m ( since b > 3 m )
(a) a = 6 m − b = 1.713 m 
2
2
T0 = Tmax − ( wb ) = 7156.9 N

yA wa yB wb
= = 0.09979, = = 0.24974
xA 2T0 xB 2T0

 2   2 
2  yA  2  yB 
l = s A + sB = a 1 +   + L + b 1 +   + L
 3  xA    3  xB  
   

 2 2  2 2
= (1.713 m ) 1 + ( 0.09979 )  + ( 4.287 m ) 1 + ( 0.24974 )  = 6.19 m
 3   3 
(b) l = 6.19 m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 113.

x
ΣM P = 0: wx − yT0 = 0
2
Geometry: wx 2 y wx
y = so =
2T0 x 2T0

and d = yB − y A =
2T0
(
w 2
b − a2 )
Also
 2  yA  
2  2  yB  
2
FBD Segment: l = s A + sB  a 1 +    + b 1 +   
 3  a    3  b  

2  y A  y  
2 2
w2 3
l−L   +  B   =
3  a   b   6T02
a + b3 ( )

4d 2
2 3
2d a +b (3
)
=
1
(a 3
+b 3
) =
( ) ( )
2
6 b2 − a 2 3 b2 − a 2 2

Using l = 6.4 m, L = 6 m, d = 0.9 m, b = 6 m − a, and solving for a,


knowing that a < 3 ft
a = 2.2196 m (a) a = 2.22 m

Then T0 =
w 2
2d
(
b − a2 )
And with (
w = ( 85 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 833.85 N/m )
And
b = 6 m − a = 3.7804 m T0 = 4338 N

Tmax = TB = T02 + ( wb )
2

= ( 4338 N )2 + (833.85 N/m )2 ( 3.7804 m )2


Tmax = 5362 N (b) Tmax = 5.36 kN

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 114.

FBD Cable: ΣM B = 0: LACy + aT0 − ΣM B loads = 0 (1)

(Where ΣM B loads includes all applied loads)

 x
ΣM C = 0: xACy −  h − a  T0 − ΣM C left = 0 (2)
 L

FBD AC: (Where ΣM C left includes all loads left of C)

x x
(1) − ( 2 ): hT0 − ΣM B loads + ΣM C left = 0 (3)
L L

ΣM B = 0: LABy − ΣM B loads = 0 (4)

FBD Beam:
ΣM C = 0: xABy − ΣM C left − M C = 0 (5)

x x
( 4 ) − ( 5): − ΣM B loads + ΣM C left + M C = 0 (6)
L L
FBD AC:
Comparing (3) and (6) M C = hT0 Q.E.D.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 115.

FBD Beam: ΣM D = 0: (1 m )( 2.25 kN ) + ( 3 m )( 3 kN ) − ( 5 m ) ABy = 0


A By = 2.25 kN

ΣFy = 0: 2.25 kN − 3 kN − 2.25 kN + DBy = 0

D By = 3 kN

FBD AB: ΣM B = 0: M B − ( 2 m )( 2.25 kN ) = 0, M B = 4.5 kN ⋅ m

Note, since A and D are in line horizontally, ACy = A By and DCy = D By .

Also, since Dy > Ay , Tmax = TCD = 3.6 kN

2
T0 = TCD 2
− DCy = ( 3.6 kN )2 − ( 3 kN )2
Cable:
T0 = 3.96 kN

M B 4.5 kN ⋅ m
dB = = = 2.2613 m
T0 3.96 kN

d B = 2.26 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 116.

FBD Beam: ΣM E = 0: (1 m )(1.2 kN ) + ( 2 m )( 3.6 kN ) + ( 3 m )(1.8 kN )


− ( 4 m ) ABy = 0 A By = 3.45 kN

ΣFx = 0: ABx = 0

FBD AB:

ΣM B = 0: M B − (1 m )( 3.45 kN ) = 0, M B = 3.45 kN ⋅ m

FBD AC:

ΣM C = 0: M C + (1 m )(1.8 kN ) − ( 2 m )( 3.45 kN ) = 0

M C = 5.1 kN ⋅ m

ΣM D = 0: M D + (1 m )( 3.6 kN ) + ( 2 m )(1.8 kN ) − ( 3 m )( 3.45 kN ) = 0


FBD AD:
M D = 3.15 kN ⋅ m
hC = dC − 0.6 m = 1.8 m − 0.6 m = 1.2 m
M C 5.1 kN ⋅ m
T0 = = = 4.25 kN
hC 1.2 m

M B 3.45 kN ⋅ m
hB = = = 0.81176 m
Cable: T0 4.25 kN

d B = hB + 0.3 m = 1.11176 m, d B = 1.112 m


M D 3.15 kN ⋅ m
hD = = = 0.74118 m
T0 4.25 kN
d D = hD + 0.9 m = 1.64118 m, d D = 1.641 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 117.

FBD Beam: ΣFx = 0: ABx = 0

By symmetry A By = FBy = 800 lb

FBD AC:

ΣM C = 0: M C + ( 6 ft )( 400 lb ) − (12 ft )( 800 lb ) = 0

M C = 7200 lb ⋅ ft

By symmetry, M D = M C = 7200 lb ⋅ ft

∴ hC = hD
Cable:

hC = dC − 3 ft = 12 ft − 3 ft = 9 ft

d D = hD + 2 ft = 9 ft + 2 ft = 11 ft

d D = 11.00 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 118.

FBD Beam:
ΣFx = 0: ABx = 0
By symmetry A By = FBy = 800 lb

FBD AC:
ΣM C = 0: M C + ( 6 ft )( 400 lb ) − (12 ft )( 800 lb ) = 0

M C = 7200 lb ⋅ ft
By symmetry, M D = M C = 7200 lb ⋅ ft
∴ hC = hD

Cable:
hC = dC − 3 ft = 9 ft − 3 ft = 6 ft
d D = hD + 2 ft = 6 ft + 2 ft = 8 ft
d D = 8.00 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 119.

FBD Elemental segment: ΣFy = 0: Ty ( x + ∆x ) − Ty ( x ) − w ( x ) ∆ x = 0

Ty ( x + ∆x ) Ty ( x ) w( x)
So − = ∆x
T0 T0 T0
Ty dy
But =
T0 dx

dy dy

dx x + ∆x dx x w( x)
So =
∆x T0

d2y w( x)
In lim : 2
= Q.E.D.
∆x → 0 dx T0

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 120.

πx
w ( x ) = w0 cos
L
From Problem 7.119
d2y w ( x ) w0 πx
2
= = cos
dx T0 T0 L

dy W0 L πx  dy 
So = sin  using = 0
dx T0π L  dx 0 

w0 L2  πx
y = 2 
1 − cos   using y ( 0 ) = 0 
T0π  L  

L w L2  π w0 L2
But y   = h = 0 2 1 − cos  so T0 =
2 T0π  2 π 2h

w0 L2
And T0 = Tmin so Tmin =
π 2h
TBy dy w0 L
Tmax = TA = TB : = =
T0 dx x = L2 T0π

w0 L
TBy =
π
2
2 w0 L  L 
TB = TBy + T02 = 1+  
π πh 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 121.

Elemental Segment:

w0
Load on segment* w ( x ) dx = ds
cos 2 θ
w0
But dx = cosθ ds, so w( x) =
cos3 θ
d2y w( x) w0
From Problem 7.119 = =
dx 2
T0 T0 cos3 θ

d2y d  dy  d dθ
In general 2
=  = ( tan θ ) = sec2 θ
dx dx  dx  dx dx

dθ w0 w0
So = =
dx T0 cos θ sec θ
3 2
T0 cosθ

T0
or cosθ dθ = dx = rdθ cosθ
w0

T0
Giving r = = constant. So curve is circular arc Q.E.D.
w0

*For large sag, it is not appropriate to approximate ds by dx.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 122.

FBD half-span: ( )
w = ( 0.07 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 0.6867 N/m
L = 10 m
12 m
SCB = =6m
2
xB 5m
SCB = c sinh , 6 m = c sinh
c c
Solving numerically, c = 4.6954 m
xB  5m 
yB = c cosh = ( 4.6954 m ) cosh   = 7.6188 m
c  4.6954 m 
hB = yB − c = 7.6188 m − 4.6954 m = 2.9234 m
(a) hB = 2.92 m
TB = wyB = ( 0.6867 N/m )( 7.6188 m ) = 5.2318 N
(b) TB = 5.23 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 123.

120 lb
sB = 30 ft, w= = 2 lb/ft
60 ft
L
hB = 24 ft, xB =
2

yB2 = c 2 + sB2 = ( hB + c )
2

= hB2 + 2chB + c 2

c=
sB2 − hB2
=
( 30 ft ) − ( 24 ft )
2 2

2hB 2 ( 24 ft )

c = 6.75 ft
xB s
Then sB = c sinh → xB = c sinh −1 B
c c
 30 ft 
xB = ( 6.75 ft ) sinh −1   = 14.83 ft
 6.75 ft 
(a) L = 2 xB = 29.7 ft

Tmax = TB = wyB = w ( c + hB ) = ( 2 lb/ft )( 6.75 ft + 24 ft ) = 61.5 lb

(b) Tmax = 61.5 lb

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 124.

FBD half-span: S B = 250 ft


w = 2.8 lb/ft
hB = 125 ft
yB = hB + c = 125 ft + c

yB2 − sB2 = c 2 (125 ft − c )2 − ( 250 ft )2 = c 2


c = 187.5 ft

xB xB
sB = c sinh , 250 ft = (187.5 ft ) sinh
c c

xB 4
= sinh −1 = 1.0986, xc = 205.99 ft
c 3

(a) span L = 2 xB = 411.98 ft L = 412 ft

(b) Tmax = wyB = ( 2.8 lb/ft )(125 ft + 187.5 ft ) = 875 lb

Tmax = 875 lb

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 125.

FBD half-span:

sB = 65 m, hB = 30 m

( )
w = ( 3.4 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 33.35 N/m

yB2 = c 2 + sB2

( c + hB )2 = c 2 + sB2
2 2
c=
sB2 − hB2
=
( 65 m ) − ( 30 m )
2hB 2 ( 30 m )

= 55.417 m
xB s  65 m 
Now sB = c sinh → xB = c sinh −1 B = ( 55.417 m ) sinh −1  
c c  55.417 m 
= 55.335 m

L = 2 xB = 2 ( 55.335 m ) = 110.7 m 

Tmax = wyB = w ( c + hB ) = ( 33.35 N/m )( 55.417 m + 30 m ) = 2846 N

Tmax = 2.85 kN 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 126.

FBD Cable:

 30 m 
s = 30 m  so sB = = 15 m 
 2 

( )
w = ( 0.3 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 2.943 N/m

hB = 12 m

yB2 = ( c + hB ) = c 2 + s 2B
2

sB2 − hB2
So c=
2hB

c=
(15 m )2 − (12 m )2 = 3.375 m
2 (12 m )

xB s  15 m 
Now sB = c sinh → xB = c sinh −1 B = ( 3.375 m ) sinh −1  
c c  3.375 m 
xB = 7.4156 m

P = T0 = wc = ( 2.943 N/m )( 3.375 m ) (a) P = 9.93 N

L = 2 xB = 2 ( 7.4156 m ) (b) L = 14.83 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 127.

FBD Cable:

sT = 30 m, ( )
w = ( 0.3 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 2.943 N/m

P
P = T0 = wc, c=
w
30 N
c= = 10.1937 m
2.943 N/m

yB2 = ( hB + c ) = c 2 + sB2
2

30 m
h 2 + 2ch − sB2 = 0, sB = = 15 m
2

h 2 + 2 (10.1937 m ) h − 225 m 2 = 0

h = 7.9422 m (a) h = 7.94 m


xA s  15 m 
sB = c sinh → xB = c sinh −1 B = (10.1937 m ) sinh −1  
c c  10.1937 m 
= 12.017 m
L = 2 xB = 2 (12.017 m ) (b) L = 24.0 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 128.

FBD half-span: 3.6 w


xD = = 1.8 m
2
 kg  m
w =  3.72  9.81 2  = 36.4932 N/m
 m  s 
length 3.8 m
sD = = = 1.9 m
2 2
xD 1.8 m
sD = c sinh 1.9 m = c sinh
c c
Solving numerically, c = 3.1433 m

yD2 = (1.9 m ) + ( 3.1433 m )


2 2
yD2 − sD2 = c 2
yD = 3.6729
h = yD − c = 3.6729 m − 3.1433 m = 0.5296 m
h = 0.530 m
(a) h = 530 mm

 N
TDx = wc =  36.4932  ( 3.1433 m ) = 114.71 N
 m
(b) TDx = 114.7 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 129.

FBD half-span: 90 m
sB = = 45 m
2
L 60 m
xB = = = 30 m
2 2
TB = Tmax = 300 N
xB 30 m
sB = c sinh , 45 m = c sinh
c c
Solving numerically, c = 18.495 m

xB  30 m 
yB = c cosh = (18.495 m ) cosh  
c  18.495 m 
= 48.651 m
hB = yB − c = 48.651 m − 18.495 m = 30.156 m
(a) h = 30.2 m
Tmax = wyB 300 N = w ( 48.651 m )
N
w = 6.1664
m
 N
W = w ( length ) =  6.1664  ( 90 m ) = 554.97 N
 m
W 554.97 N
m= = = 56.57 kg
g 9.81 m/s 2
(b) m = 56.6 kg

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 130.

45 ft
sB = = 22.5 ft L = 20 ft
2
L
xB = = 10 ft
2
xB
sB = c sinh
c
10 ft
22.5 ft = c sinh
c
Solving numerically: c = 4.2023 ft
xB
yB = c cosh
c
10 ft
= ( 4.2023 ft ) cosh = 22.889 ft
4.2023 ft
hB = yB − c = 22.889 ft − 4.202 ft
hB = 18.69 ft 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 131.

l = total length
xB L/2
yB = c cosh , L + c = c cosh
c c
L L
or 1 = cosh −
2c c
L
Solving numerically, = 4.933
c
xB l L
sB = c sinh = c sinh
c 2 2c
l 10 ft
So c= = = 0.8550 ft
 L  4.933 
2sinh   2sinh  
 2c   2 
L = 4.933 c = ( 4.933)( 0.8550 ft ) = 4.218 ft
(a) L = 4.22 ft
x dy x
from y = c cosh = sinh
c dx c
dy L  4.933 
tan θ B = = sinh = sinh   = 5.848
dx B 2c  2 
(b) θ B = 80.3°

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 132.

( )
w = ( 3 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 29.43 N/m

L = 48 m, Tmax ≤ 1800 N

Tmax
Tmax = wyB → yB =
w
1800 N
yB ≤ = 61.162 m
29.43 N/m

48 m
x
yB = c cosh B , 61.162 m = c cosh 2 *
c c
Solving numerically, c = 55.935 m

h = yB − c = 61.162 m − 55.935 m
h = 5.23 m 
*Note: There is another value of c which will satisfy this equation. It is much smaller, thus corresponding to a
much larger h.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 133.

Pulley B:

TB = wa
but TB = wyB , so yB = a
xB
now yB = c cosh =a
c
3 ft
So a = c cosh (1)
c
xB
also sB = c sinh
c
24 ft − a 3 ft
= c sinh
2 c
3 ft a
or 12 ft = c sinh + (2)
c 2
3 ft c 3 ft
= c sinh + cosh
c 2 c
Solving numerically c = 1.13194 ft
or 17.7167 ft
3 ft 3 ft
from (1) a = c cosh = (1.13194 ft ) cosh
c 1.13194 ft
a = 8.05 ft
 3 ft 
or a = (17.7167 ft ) cosh  
 17.7167 ft 
a = 17.97 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 134.

s A = length = 10 ft
FBD Cable:
ΣFx = 0: − F + T0 = 0, F = T0
xA a h
y A = c + h = c cosh = c cos h = c cosh
c c c
h h
So 1+ = cosh
c c
h
Solving numerically, = 1.61614
c
h
s A = c sinh = c sinh (1.61614 ) = 2.41748c = 10 ft
c
So c = 4.1365 ft, h = 6.6852 ft
y A = c + h = 10.8217 ft
 20 lb 
F = T0 = wc =   ( 4.1365 ft ) = 8.2730 lb
 10 ft 
(a) F = 8.27 lb
(b) h = a = 6.69 ft
 lb 
Tmax = wy A =  2  (10.8217 ft ) = 21.643 lb
 ft 
(c) Tmax = 21.6 lb

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 135.

FBD Cable: Pulley

TA = mg = Tmax

 m
mg = ( 40 kg )  9.81 2  = 392.4 N
 s 
Also L = 15 m, h=5m

15 m
So x A = − = − 7.5 m, xB = + 7.5 m
2
xA
y A = c cosh =c+h
c
− 7.5 m
So c cosh =c+5m
c
Solving numerically, c = 6.3175 m

xB  7.5 m 
sB = c sinh = ( 6.3175 m ) sinh   = 9.390 m
c  6.3175 m 
(a) cable length = 2sB = 18.78 m

Tmax = wyB = w ( c + h ) = w ( 6.3175 m + 5 m )

392.4 N
w= = 34.672 N/m
11.3175 m

w 34.672 N/m kg
(b) mass/length = = = 3.53
g 9.81 N/kg m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 136.

xD
yD = c cosh
c
a
h + c = c cosh
c
 10.8 ft 
12 ft = c  cosh − 1
 c 
Solving numerically, c = 6.2136 ft

10.8 ft
Then yB = ( 6.2136 ft ) cosh = 18.2136 ft
6.2136 ft

F = Tmax = wyB = (1.5 lb/ft )(18.2136 ft )

F = 27.3 lb 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 137.

xD
yD = c cosh
c
a
c + h = c cosh
c
 a 
h = c  cosh − 1
 c 

 18 ft 
12 ft = c  cosh − 1
 c 
Solving numerically c = 15.162 ft

yB = h + c = 12 ft + 15.162 ft = 27.162 ft

F = TD = wyD = (1.5 lb/ft )( 27.162 ft ) = 40.74 lb

F = 40.7 lb 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 138.

( )
w = 4 kg/m 9.81 m/s 2 = 39.24 N/m

P 800 N
P = T0 = wc, c= =
w 39.24 N/m
c = 20.387 m

x
y = c cosh
c
dy x
= sinh
dx c
dy −a a
tan θ = − = − sinh = sinh
dx −a c c
a = c sinh −1 ( tan θ ) = ( 20.387 m ) sinh −1 ( tan 60° )
a = 26.849 m

a 26.849 m
y A = c cosh = ( 20.387 m ) cosh = 40.774 m
c 20.387 m

b = y A − c = 40.774 m − 20.387 m = 20.387 m


So (a) B is 26.8 m right and 20.4 m down from A 

a 26.849 m
s = c sinh = ( 20.387 m ) sinh = 35.31 m
c 20.387 m
(b) s = 35.3 m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 139.

( )
w = ( 4 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 39.24 N/m

P 600 N
P = T0 = wc c= =
w 39.24 N/m
c = 15.2905 m
x dy x
y = c cosh , = sinh
c dx c
dy −a a
At A: tan θ = − = − sinh = sinh
dx −a c c

So a = c sinh −1 ( tan θ ) = (15.2905 m ) sinh −1 ( tan 60° ) = 20.137 m


a
yB = h + c = c cosh
c
 a 
h = c  cosh − 1
 c 
 20.137 m 
= (15.2905 m )  cosh − 1
 15.2905 m 
= 15.291 m
So (a) B is 20.1 m right and 15.29 m down from A 
a 20.137 m
s = c sinh = (15.291 m ) sinh = 26.49 m
c 15.291 m
(b) s = 26.5 m 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 140.

Cable:

xA xB
Since y A = c cosh , yB = c cosh
c c
and xB − x A = 8 m ( xA < 0 )
xA
( c + 0.5 m ) = c cosh
c
xB 
( c + 1.2 m ) = c cosh  
 c 
 1.2 m  −1  0.5 m  8 m
cosh −1 1 +  + cosh 1 + =
 c   c  c
Solving numerically, c = 9.9987 m
  0.5 m  
So x A = cosh −1  1 +   ( 9.9987 m )
  9.9987 m  
= 3.15 m
(a) C is 3.15 m from house 
Tmax = TB = wyB

 kg   N
=  2.1   9.81  (1.2 m + 9.9987 m )
 m  kg 
= 230.7 N

(b) Tmax = 231 N 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 141.

−a
y A = c cosh = c + 6 ft
c
 6 ft 
a = c cosh −1 1 + 
 c 

b
yB = c cosh = c + 11.4 ft
c
 11.4 ft 
b = c cosh −1 1 + 
 c 

  6 ft  −1  11.4 ft  
So a + b = c cosh −1 1 +  + cosh 1 +   = 36 ft
  c   c 

Solving numerically, c = 20.446 ft

 11.4 ft 
b = ( 20.446 ft ) cosh −1 1 +  = 20.696 ft
 20.446 ft 
(a) C is 20.7 ft left of and 11.4 ft below B 

 20.696 ft 
Tmax = wyB = ( 0.3 lb/ft )( 20.446 ft ) cosh   = 9.554 lb
 20.446 ft 
(b) Tmax = 9.55 lb 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 142.

dy x
(a) tan θ = = sinh
dx c
x
s = c sinh = c tan θ, Q.E.D.
c

(b) Also y 2 = s2 + c2 , ( cosh x = sinh


2 2
)
x +1

So y2 = c2 ( tan θ + 1) = c sec θ
2 2 2

And y = c secθ , Q.E.D.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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Chapter 7, Solution 143.

TB = Tmax = wyB
xB L  2c  L
= wc cosh = w   cosh
c 2 L  2c
L wL
Let ξ = so Tmax = cosh ξ
2c 2ξ

dTmax wL  1 
=  sinh ξ − cosh ξ 
dξ 2ξ  ξ 
1
For min Tmax , tanh ξ − =0
ξ
Solving numerically ξ = 1.1997
wL
(Tmax )min = cosh (1.1997 ) = 0.75444wL
2 (1.1997 )
Tmax T
(a) Lmax = = 1.3255 max
0.75444w w
If ( )
Tmax = 32 kN and w = ( 0.34 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 3.3354 N/m

32.000 N
Lmax = 1.3255 = 12 717 m
3.3354 N/m
(b) Lmax = 12.72 km

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 144.

L
ymax = c cosh =h+c
2c
Tmax
Tmax = wymax , ymax =
w
80 lb
ymax = = 40 ft
2 lb/ft
9 ft
c cosh = 40 ft
c
Solving numerically, c1 = 2.6388 ft

c2 = 38.958 ft

h = ymax − c

h1 = 40 ft − 2.6388 ft h1 = 37.4 ft

h2 = 40 ft − 38.958 ft h2 = 1.042 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 145.

Tmax = wyB = 2wsB

y B = 2sB

L L
c cosh = 2c sinh
2c 2c
L 1
tanh =
2c 2
L 1
= tanh −1 = 0.549306
2c 2
hB y −c L
= B = cosh −1
c c 2c
= 0.154701
hB hB /c
=
L 2( L/2c)

0.5 ( 0.154701)
= = 0.14081
0.549306
hB
= 0.1408
L

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 146.

L
(a) Tmax = wyB = wc cosh
2c
dTmax  L L L
= w  cosh − sinh 
dc  2c 2c 2c 
dTmax
For min Tmax , =0
dc
L 2c L
tanh = = 1.1997
2c L 2c
yB L
= cosh = 1.8102
c 2c
h y
= B − 1 = 0.8102
c c
h  1 h  2c   0.8102 h
=   = = 0.3375 = 0.338 
L  2 c  L   2 (1.1997 ) L
L Tmax L y
(b) T0 = wc, Tmax = wc cosh , = cosh = B
2c T0 2c c
Tmax
But T0 = Tmax cosθ B , = secθ B
T0
y 
So θ B = sec−1  B  = sec−1 (1.8102 )
 c 
= 56.46° θ B = 56.5° 
yB  2c  L  L
Tmax = wyB = w    = w (1.8102 )
c  L  2  2 (1.1997 )
Tmax = 0.755wL 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
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COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 147.

FBD AB: 4  3 
ΣM A = 0: r  C  + r  C  − 2r ( 70 lb ) = 0
 5  5 
C = 100 lb
4
ΣFx = 0: − Ax + (100 lb ) = 0
5
A x = 80 lb

3
ΣFy = 0: Ay + (100 lb ) − 70 lb = 0
5
A y = 10 lb

FBD AJ: ΣFx′ = 0: F − ( 80 lb ) sin 30° − (10 lb ) cos30° = 0

F = 48.66 lb
F = 48.7 lb 60° 
ΣFy′ = 0: V − ( 80 lb ) cos30° + (10 lb ) sin 30° = 0

V = 64.28 lb
V = 64.3 lb 30° 
ΣM 0 = 0: ( 8 in.)( 48.66 lb ) − (8 in.)(10 lb ) − M = 0

M = 309.28 lb ⋅ in.
M = 309 lb ⋅ in. 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 148.

FBD Whole:

ΣM A = 0: ( 5.4 ft ) Bx − ( 7.8 ft )( 90 lb ) = 0
B x = 130 lb

ΣM E = 0: ( 5.4 ft )(130 lb ) − ( 7.2 ft ) By


FBD BE with pulleys and
cord: + ( 4.8 ft )( 90 lb ) − ( 0.6 ft )( 90 lb ) = 0
B y = 150 lb
ΣFx = 0: Ex − 130 lb = 0
E x = 130 lb
ΣFy = 0: E y + 150 lb − 90 lb − 90 lb = 0

E y = 30 lb
4 3
ΣFx′ = 0: − F − 90 lb + (130 lb ) + ( 90 lb − 30 lb ) = 0
5 5
F = 50.0 lb
FBD JE and pulley:
3 4
ΣFy′ = 0: V + (130 lb ) + ( 30 lb − 90 lb ) = 0
5 5
V = −30 lb V = 30.0 lb
ΣM J = 0: − M + (1.8 ft )(130 lb ) + ( 2.4 ft )( 30 lb ) + ( 0.6 ft )( 90 lb )
− ( 3.0 ft )( 90 lb ) = 0
M = 90.0 lb ⋅ ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 149.

FBD Rod:

ΣFx = 0: Ax = 0

2r 2W
ΣM B = 0: W − rAy = 0 Ay =
π π

30° W
α = 15°, weight of segment = W =
90° 3
FBD AJ:
r r
r = sin α = sin15° = 0.9886r
α π /12
2W W
ΣFy′ = 0: cos 30° − cos30° − F = 0
π 3

W 3  2 1
F=  − 
2 π 3

 2W  W
ΣM 0 = M + r  F −  + r cos15° =0
 π  3

M = 0.0557 Wr

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 150.

(a) Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: − 3 kip − V = 0 V = −3 kips

ΣM J = 0: M + x ( 3 kips ) = 0 M = ( 3 kips ) x
M = −9 kip ⋅ ft at C

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: − 3 kips − 5 kips − V = 0 V = −8 kips

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 3 ft )( 5 kips ) + x ( 3 kips ) = 0

M = +15 kip ⋅ ft − ( 8 kips ) x


M = −16.2 kip ⋅ ft at D ( x = 3.9 ft )
Along DE:

ΣFy = 0: − 3 kips − 5 kips + 6 kips − V = 0

V = −2 kips

ΣM L = 0: M − x1 ( 6 kips ) + (.9 ft + x1 )( 5 kips )

+ ( 3.9 ft + x1 )( 3 kips ) = 0

M = −16.2 kip ⋅ ft − ( 2 kips ) x1

M = −18.6 kip ⋅ ft at E ( x1 = 1.2 ft )


continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along EB:

ΣFy = 0: −3 kips − 5 kips + 6 kips − 4 kips − V = 0 V = −6 kips

ΣM N = 0: M + ( 4 kips ) x2 + ( 2.1 ft + x2 )( 5 kips )

+ ( 5.1 ft + x2 )( 3 kips ) − (1.2 ft + x2 )( 6 kips ) = 0

M = −18.6 kip ⋅ ft − ( 6 kips ) x2

M = −33 kip ⋅ ft at B ( x2 = 2.4 ft )

(b) From diagrams: V max


= 8.00 kips on CD 

M max
= 33.0 kip ⋅ ft at B 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 151.

(a) By symmetry:
1
Ay = B = 8 kN + ( 4 kN/m )( 5 m ) A y = B = 18 kN
2
Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: 18 kN − V = 0 V = 18 kN

ΣM J = 0: M − x (18 kN ) M = (18 kN ) x

M = 36 kN ⋅ m at C ( x = 2 m )

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: 18 kN − 8 kN − ( 4 kN/m ) x1 − V = 0

V = 10 kN − ( 4 kN/m ) x1

V = 0 at x1 = 2.5 m ( at center )

x1
ΣM K = 0: M + ( 4 kN/m ) x1 + (8 kN ) x1 − ( 2 m + x1 )(18 kN ) = 0
2

M = 36 kN ⋅ m + (10 kN/m ) x1 − ( 2 kN/m ) x12

M = 48.5 kN ⋅ m at x1 = 2.5 m
Complete diagram by symmetry
From diagrams: V max
= 18.00 kN on AC and DB
(b)
M max
= 48.5 kN ⋅ m at center

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 152.

By symmetry: Ay = B = 60 kN − P
Along AC:

ΣM J = 0: M − x ( 60 kN − P ) = 0 M = ( 60 kN − P ) x
M = 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 2 m ) P at x = 2 m
Along CD:

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 2 m )( 60 kN ) − x ( 60 kN − P ) = 0
M = 120 kN ⋅ m − Px
M = 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 4 m ) P at x = 4 m
Along DE:

ΣM L = 0: M − ( x − 4 m ) P + ( x − 2 m )( 60 kN )
− x ( 60 kN − P ) = 0

M = 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 4 m ) P (const)
Complete diagram by symmetry
For minimum M max
, set M max = −M min

120 kN ⋅ m − ( 2 m ) P = − 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 4 m ) P 

P = 40.0 kN
(a)
M min = 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 4 m) P M max
= 40.0 kN ⋅ m
(b)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 153.

FBD Beam:
ΣM A = 0: ( 4 m ) B − (1 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) − M =0

M
B = 10 kN +
4m
(a) B = 10 kN
(a) (b) B = 13 kN
ΣFy = 0: Ay − ( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) + B = 0

Ay = 40 kN − B

(a) A y = 30 kN

(b) A y = 27 kN

Shear Diags:
 dV 
VA = Ay , then V is linear  = −20 kN/m  to C.
 dx 

VC = Ay − ( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) = Ay − 40 kN
(b)
(a) VC = −10 kN
(b) VC = −13 kN
Ay m
V = 0 = Ay − ( 20 kN/m ) x1 at x1 =
20 kN
(a) x1 = 1.5 m
(b) x1 = 1.35 m
V is constant from C to B.

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Moment Diags:
 dM 
M A = applied M . Then M is parabolic  decreases with V 
 dx 
1
M is max where V = 0. M max = M + Ay x1.
2
1
(a) M max
= ( 30 kN )(1.5 m ) = 22.5 kN ⋅ m
2
1.500 m from A
1
(b) M max = 12 kN ⋅ m + ( 27 kN )(1.35 m ) = 30.225 kN ⋅ m
2
M max
= 30.2 kN, 1.350 m from A
1
M C = M max − VC ( 2 m − x1 )
2
(a) M C = 20 kN ⋅ m

(b) M C = 26 kN ⋅ m

 dM 
Finally, M is linear  = VC  to zero at B.
 dx 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 154.

(b)  x  1 
(a) Distributed load w = w0 1 −   total = w0 L 
 L   2 
L 1  w0 L
ΣM A = 0:  w0 L  − LB = 0 B=
3 2  6
1 wL w0 L
ΣFy = 0: Ay − w0 L + 0 = 0 Ay =
2 6 3
Shear:
w0 L
VA = Ay = ,
3
dV x  x
Then
dx
= − w → V = VA − ∫0 w0 1 − L  dx
w L 1 w0 2  1 x 1  x 2 
V =  0  − w0 x + x = w0 L  − +   
 3  2 L  3 L 2  L  
w0 L
Note: At x = L, V = − ;
6
2
x x 2 x 1
V = 0 at   − 2   + = 0 → =1−
L
  L
  3 L 3
Moment:
M A = 0,

 dM  x x/L x x


Then  =V → M =
 dx 
∫0 Vdx = L∫0 V  d  
L L
x / L 1
2
x 1 x  x
M = w0 L2 ∫  − +   d 
0  3 L 2 L   L 

 1  x  1  x  2 1  x 3 
M = w0 L2    −   +   
 3  L  2  L  6  L  

continued

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

 x 1 2
M max  at =1−  = 0.06415w0 L
 L 3 

 1 x 1  x 2 
(a) V = w0 L  − +    
 3 L 2  L  

 1  x  1  x  2 1  x 3 
M = w0 L2    −   +    
 3  L  2  L  6  L  

(c) M max = 0.0642 w0 L2 


at x = 0.423L 

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 155.

( Lx − x ) dx = 0
L 4w0
∫0
2
(a) ΣFy = 0: wg L −
L2
4w0  1 2 1 3  2 2w0
wg L =  LL − L  = w0 L wg =
L2  2 3  3 3

x dx  x  x 2  2
Define ξ = so dξ = → net load w = 4w0  −    − w0
L L  L  L   3

 1 
or w = 4w0  − + ξ − ξ 2 
 6 
ξ  1 2
V = V(0) − ∫ 0 4w0 L  − 6 + ξ − ξ  dξ

1 1 1 
= 0 + 4w0 L  ξ + ξ 2 − ξ 3 
6 2 3 

V =
2
3
(
w0 L ξ − 3ξ 2 + 2ξ 3 )
ξ
M = M0 +
x 2
∫ 0 Vdx = 0 + 3 w0 L ∫ 0
2
(ξ − 3ξ 2
)
+ 2ξ 3 dξ

=
2
3
1 1  1
w0 L2  ξ 2 − ξ 3 + ξ 4  = w0 L2 ξ 2 − 2ξ 3 + ξ 4
2 2  3
( )
1
(b) Max M occurs where V = 0 → 1 − 3ξ + 2ξ 2 = 0 → ξ =
2

 1 1 1 2 1  w L2
M  ξ =  = w0 L2  − +  = 0
 2 3  4 8 16  48

w0 L2
M max = at center of beam
48

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 156.

(a) FBD cable:


ΣM E = 0: ( 4 m )(1.2 kN ) + (8 m )( 0.8 kN ) + (12 m )(1.2 kN )
− ( 3 m ) Ax − (16 m ) Ay = 0
3 Ax + 16 Ay = 25.6 kN (1)

ΣM C = 0: ( 4 m )(1.2 kN ) + (1 m ) Ax − ( 8 m ) Ay = 0
Ax − 8 Ay = −4.8 kN (2)
FBD ABC:
Solving (1) and (2) Ax = 3.2 kN Ay = 1 kN

So A = 3.35 kN 17.35°

(b) cable: ΣFx = 0: − Ax + Ex = 0

Ex = Ax = 3.2 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − (1.2 + 0.8 + 1.2 ) kN + E y = 0

E y = 3.2 kN − Ay = ( 3.2 − 1) kN = 2.2 kN

So E = 3.88 kN 34.5°

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 157.

FBD AC: FBD CB:

a
ΣM A = 0: (13.5 ft ) T0 − ( 57.5 lb/ft ) a = 0
2

( )
T0 = 2.12963 lb/ft 2 a 2

60 ft − a
ΣM B = 0: ( 57.5 lb/ft )( 60 ft − a ) − ( 6 ft ) T0 = 0
2

( )
6T0 = 28.75 lb/ft 2 3600 ft 2 − (120 ft ) a + a 2  (2)

Using (1) in (2), 0.55a 2 − (120 ft ) a + 3600 ft 2 = 0

Solving: a = (108 ± 72 ) ft, a = 36 ft (180 ft out of range)

So C is 36 ft from A
(a) C is 6 ft below and 24 ft left of B

T0 = 2.1296 lb/ft 2 ( 36 ft ) = 2760 lb


2

W1 = ( 57.5 lb/ft )( 36 ft ) = 2070 lb

(b) Tmax = TA = T02 + W12 = ( 2760 lb )2 + ( 2070 lb )2 = 3450 lb

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.
COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 158.

4 lb
sB = 100 ft, w= = 0.02 lb/ft
200 ft
Tmax = 16 lb

Tmax = TB = wyB

TB 16 lb
yB = = = 800 ft
w 0.02 lb/ft

c 2 = yB2 − sB2

c= (800 ft )2 − (100 ft )2 = 793.73 ft

xB y
But yB = xB cosh → xB = c cosh −1 B
c c

 800 ft 
= ( 793.73 ft ) cosh −1   = 99.74 ft
 793.73 ft 

L = 2 xB = 2 ( 99.74 ft ) = 199.5 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,
Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.