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You are on page 1of 177

Chapter 7, Solution 1.

ΣM A = 0:

FBD FRAME:

( 0.3 m ) Dx − ( 0.4 m )( 900 N ) = 0

∴ D x = 1200 N

V = −1200 N

ΣFy = 0: F = 0

ΣM J = 0: ( 0.15 m )(1200 N ) − M =0

M = + 180 N ⋅ m

Thus, ( on JE ) F =0

V = 1200 N

M = 180.0 N ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 2.

D x = 1824 N

ΣFy = 0: Ay + Dy + 480 N = 0 (1)

ΣM B = 0: ( 0.75 m ) Ay =0 Ay = 0

D y = 480 N

FBD sect. DJ: ΣFy = 0: − 480 N – V = 0 V = − 480 N

V = 480 N

ΣM J = 0: M + ( 0.25 m )( 480 N ) = 0

M = −120 N ⋅ m M = 120.0 N ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 3.

1

FBD CEF: ΣFx = 0: C x − (180 N ) C x = 90 2 N

2

ΣΜ E = 0: ( 0.2 m ) C y − ( 0.05 m ) ( 90 2 N )

− ( 0.15 m + 0.08 m )(180 N ) = 0

C y = 126 2 N

ΣM J = 0: ( 0.05 m ) ( 90 ) (

2 N − ( 0.10 m ) 126 2 N − M = 0 )

M = 11.46 N ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 4.

FBD Frame:

1

ΣM E = 0: ( 0.25 m + 0.25 m ) FAC − ( 0.15 m )( 320 N ) = 0

2

FAC = 96 2 N

ΣFx = 0: − 96 N + V + F =0

4 4

7 3

ΣFy = 0: 96 N + V − F =0

4 4

Solving: V = 8.50 N 41.4°

F = 135.5 N 46.8°

4− 7

ΣM B = 0: M − ( 0.3 m )( 96 N ) +

10 m ( 96 N ) = 0

M = 15.799 N ⋅ m, M = 15.80 N ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 5.

Ax Ay

= (1)

12 5

ΣM C = 0: (15 in.) Ax − ( 24 in.)( 78 lb ) = 0

A x = 124.8 lb

FBD AJ:

ΣFx = 0: −124.8 lb + F = 0 F = 124.8 lb

ΣFy = 0: 52 lb − V = 0 V = 52.0 lb

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 6.

FBD CD:

5 12

ΣΜ C = 0: (18 in.)

FAB + ( 7.5 in.) FAB

13 13

− ( 24 in.)( 78 lb ) = 0

FAB = 135.2 lb

12

ΣFx = 0: Cx − (135.2 lb ) = 0

13

C x = 124.8 lb

5

ΣFy = 0: Cy + (135.2 lb ) − ( 78 lb ) = 0

13

C y = 26 lb

FBD CK: 12 5

ΣFx′ = 0: −F + (124.8 lb ) + ( 26 lb ) = 0

13 13

F = 125.2 lb 22.6°

5 12

ΣFy′ = 0: V − (124.8 lb ) + ( 26 lb ) = 0

13 13

V = 24.0 lb 67.4°

M = 312 lb ⋅ in.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 7.

FBD half-section:

W

By symmetry, Ay = B y =

2

Where W = ( 9 kg )( 9.81 N/kg ) = 88.29 N

FBD AJ:

ΣFx = 0: F = 0 F =0

W W

ΣFy = 0: − −V = 0 V =0

2 2

W

ΣM J = 0: M − ( r − x ) =0

2

2r 2 W

but x= , so M = 1 − r = 2.406 N ⋅ m

π π 2

M = 2.41 N ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 8.

FBD AJ:

Also W = ( 9 kg )( 9.81 N/kg ) = 88.29 N

2r

x= and r = 0.15 m

π

ΣFx = 0: F =0 F=0

W

ΣFy = 0: − +V =0 V = 44.1 N

2

W

ΣM J = 0: x −M =0

2

2 88.29 N

M = ( 0.15 m ) M = 4.22 N ⋅ m

π 2

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 7, Solution 9.

SOLUTION

FBD AB:

ΣM A = 0: (

r By − 12 lb = 0 ) B y = 12 lb

ΣFy′ = 0: (12 lb ) cos 30° − (12 lb ) sin 30° − F = 0

F = 4.39 lb 60°

V = 16.39 lb 30°

M = 30.4 lb ⋅ in.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD AB:

ΣM A = 0: (

r By − 12 lb = 0 ) B y = 12 lb

FBD BJ:

dM

(a) to maximize M, set =0

dθ

dM

= ( 48 lb ⋅ in.)( sin θ + cosθ ) = 0

dθ

so tan θ = −1

θ = − 45°, 135°

M = 115.9 lb ⋅ in.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Frame: 24

ΣM A = 0: (16.4 in.) FEC − (12.6 in.)(120 lb ) = 0

25

FEC = 93.75 lb

FBD CBD:

By = 144 lb

7

ΣFy = 0: 144 lb + ( 93.75 lb ) − 120 lb − C y = 0

25

C y = 50.25 lb

24

ΣFx = 0: Cx − ( 93.75 lb ) = 0

27

C x = 90.0 lb

F = 1.482 lb 60°

V = 103.1 lb 30°

M = 435 lb ⋅ in.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

24

FBD Frame: ΣM A = 0: (16.4 in.) FEC − (12.6 in.)(120 lb ) = 0

25

FEC = 93.75 lb

FBD CBD:

ΣM C = 0: (16.2 in.)(120 lb ) − (13.5 in.) By =0

B y = 144 lb

FBD DK:

F = 12.00 lb 30°

V = 20.8 lb 60°

M = 223 lb ⋅ in.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD AB:

ΣΜ B = 0: ( 0.8 m )(1.8 kN ) − ( 0.24 m ) Ax = 0

A x = 6.0 kN

Geometry:

2

y = kx 2 ; at B, 0.24 m = k ( 0.8 m )

1

so k = 0.375

m

1 2

at J , y J = 0.375 ( 0.48 m ) = 0.0864 m

m

dy

slope of parabola = 2kx

dx

dy 1

at J , = 2 0.375 ( 0.48 m ) = 0.36 = tan θ J

dx m

θ J = 19.799°

FBD AJ:

ΣFx′ = 0: ( 6 kN ) cos19.799° − (1.8 kN ) sin19.799° − F = 0

F = 6.26 kN 19.80°

M = 0.3456 kN ⋅ m M = 346 N ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

L

FBD AB: ΣΜ B = 0: LP − hAx = 0, Ax = P

h

Geometry:

h hx 2

y = kx 2 , at B: h = kL2 , so k = , y =

L2 L2

ha 2

at J: y J = ka 2 =

L2

dy 2ha

slope = = 2kx, at J : slope = 2

= tan −1 θ J

dx L

ha 2 LP

ΣM J = 0: aP − −M =0

FBD AJ: L2 h

a2

M = P a −

L

dM

To maximize set =0

da

a L

or P 1 − 2 = 0, a=

L 2

2

L

L 2 PL

Then M max = P − =

2 L 4

PL

M max =

4

L

at a =

2

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣΜ Α = 0: (1.8 m ) Bx − ( 2.6 m )( 360 N ) − ( 0.2 m )( 360 N ) = 0

B x = 560 N

Note: Cord forces have been moved to pulley hub as per Problem 6.91.

FBD BE:

ΣΜ Ε = 0: (1.4 m )( 360 N ) + (1.8 m )( 560 N ) − ( 2.4 m ) By =0

By = 630 N

3 4

FBD BJ: ΣFx′ = 0: F + 360 N − ( 630 N − 360 N ) − ( 560 N ) = 0

5 5

F = 250 N 36.9°

4 3

ΣFy′ = 0: V + ( 630 N − 360 N ) − ( 560 N ) = 0

5 5

V = 120.0 N 53.1°

− (1.6 m )( 630 N ) = 0

M = 120.0 N ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

A x = 920 N

FBD AE:

Note: Cord forces have been moved to pulley hub as per Problem 6.91.

A y = 270 N

FBD AK:

ΣFx = 0: 920 N − 360 N − F = 0

F = 560 N

V = 90.0 N

M = 72.0 N ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

D y = 963 N

D x = 3825 N

FBD DJ:

12 5

ΣFy′ = 0: F− ( 963 N ) − ( 382.5 N ) = 0

13 13

F = 1036 N F = 1.036 kN 67.4°

5 12

ΣFx′ = 0: ( 963 N ) − ( 382.5 N ) − V = 0

13 13

V = 17.31 N 22.6°

ΣM J = 0: ( 0.5 m )( 963 N ) − (1.2 m )( 382.5 N ) − M =0

M = 22.5 N ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD AC: Note: Cord forces moved to pulley hub as per Problem 6.91.

To determine θ the coordinates of C are

4

xC = 2.55 m, yC = ( 2.55 m ) = 3.40 m, and

3

xG = 0, yG = 3.75 m

3.75 m − 3.40 m

∴ θ = tan −1 = 7.8153°

2.55 m

− ( 2.55 m )( 360 N ) − ( 3 m ) FBG =0

FBG = 139.820 N

4 4

FBD KC: ΣFy′ = 0: F−

5 3

3

ΣFx′ = 0: − V + 139.820 N + ( 360 N )

5

4

− ( 360 N ) sin 7.8153° + tan −1 = 0

3

V = 41.1 N 36.9°

4

ΣM K = 0: − M − (1.5 m )(139.820 N ) − ( 2.75 m )( 360 N )

5

4

+ ( 2.75 m )( 360 N ) sin 7.8153° + tan −1 = 0

3

M = 61.7 N ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

C x = 97.125 lb

FBD pipe:

By symmetry N E = N D = N

21

ΣFy = 0: 2 N − 185 N = 0, N = 127.738 lb

29

20 20 8

Also note a = r tan tan −1 = ( 2.8 in.) = in.

21 21 3

FBD BC:

8

ΣM B = 0: in. (127.735 lb ) + (12 in.)( 97.125 lb )

3

− (12.6 in.) C y = 0

C y = 119.534 lb

21 20

ΣFx′ = 0: F − ( 97.125 lb ) − (119.534 lb ) = 0

FBD CJ: 29 29

F = 152.8 lb 46.4°

20 21

ΣFy′ = 0: −V − ( 97.125 lb ) + (119.534 lb ) = 0

29 29

V = 19.58 lb 44.6°

ΣM C = 0: M − ( 8.7 in.)(19.58 lb ) = 0

M = 170.3 lb ⋅ in.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Frame:

ΣM C = 0: ( 24 in.) Ax − (12.6 in.)(185 lb ) = 0

A x = 97.125 lb

21

ΣFy = 0: 2 N D − 185 lb = 0, N D = 127.738 lb

29

20 20 8

Also note a = r tan tan −1 = ( 2.8 in.) = in.

21 21 3

FBD AD:

ΣM B = 0: (12.6 in.)( 97.125 lb ) − (12.6 in.) Ay

8

− in. (127.738 lb ) = 0

3

A y = 65.465 lb

21 20

FBD AK:

ΣFx′ = 0: ( 97.125 lb ) + ( 65.465 lb ) − F = 0

29 29

F = 115.5 lb 44.6°

20 21

ΣFy′ = 0: ( 97.125 lb ) − ( 65.465 lb ) + V = 0

29 29

V = 19.58 lb 46.4°

ΣM A = 0: M − ( 8.7 in.)(19.58 lb ) = 0

M = 170.3 lb ⋅ in.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

P

ΣM D = 0: aP − 2aAy = 0 Ay =

2

P

ΣFy = 0: −F =0

2

P

F=

2

ΣM J = 0: M = 0

ΣM A = 0

4 3 5P

2a D + 2a D − aP = 0 D=

5 5 14

4 5 2P

ΣFx = 0: Ax − P=0 Ax =

5 14 7

3 5 11P

ΣFy = 0: Ay − P + P=0 Ay =

5 14 14

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

2

ΣFx = 0: P −V = 0

7

FBD AJ:

2P

V =

7

11P

ΣFy = 0: −F =0

14

11P

F=

14

2P

ΣM J = 0: a −M =0

7

2

M = aP

7

ΣM A = 0: − aP = 0 D=

2 5 2

4 5P

ΣFx = 0: Ax − =0 Ax = 2 P

5 2

3 5P 5P

ΣFy = 0: Ay − P − =0 Ay =

5 2 2

ΣFx = 0: 2P − V = 0

FBD AJ:

V = 2P

5P

ΣFy = 0: −F =0

2

5P

F=

2

ΣM J = 0: a ( 2P ) − M = 0

M = 2aP

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

P

A=

2

P

ΣFx = 0: V − =0

2

P

V =

2

ΣFy = 0: F =0

FBD AJ:

P

ΣM J = 0: M −a =0

2

aP

M =

2

a4

(b) FBD Rod: ΣM D = 0: aP − A = 0

25

5P

A=

2

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

3 5P

ΣFx = 0: −V = 0

FBD AJ: 5 2

3P

V =

2

4 5P

ΣFy = 0: −F =0

5 2

F = 2P

3

M = aP

2

3 4

ΣM D = 0: aP − 2a A − 2a A = 0

(c) FBD Rod: 5 5

5P

A=

14

3 5P

ΣFx = 0: V − =0

5 14

3P

V =

14

4 5P

ΣFy = 0: −F =0

5 14

2P

F=

7

3 5P

ΣM J = 0: M − a =0

5 14

3

M = aP

14

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

2r 2

FBD Rod: ΣM A = 0: rB − r − W =0 B = 1 − W

π π

φ 60°

FBD JB: r sin r sin

Note: r = 2 = 2 = 3r

φ π π

30°

2 180°

3r 1 3r r 3

x= − = 3−

2 2π 2 π

r 2 r 3 2

ΣM J = 0: M + 1 − W − 3 − W = 0

2 π 2 π 3

M = 0.774Wr

on BK

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

1 2r

FBD Rod: ΣM A = 0: 2r B − r − W =0

2 π

1 1

B = 2 − W

2 π

FBD JB:

60°

r sin

r = 2 = 3r x = r sin 60° − r sin 30°

π π

30°

180°

1 3

x= 3 − r

2 π

21 1

ΣM J = 0: r sin 60° + r (1 − cos 60° ) 2 2 − π W

1 3 2W

− 3 − r −M =0

2 π 3

M = − 0.01085Wr M = 0.01085Wr

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Rod:

ΣFy = 0: Ay − W = 0

Ay = W

2r

ΣM B = 0: r ( Ax − W ) + W =0

π

2

A x = 1 − W

π

FBD AJ: θ 2θ

W′ = W = W

π π

2

θ

sin

r =r 2 = 2r sin θ

θ θ 2

2

2

ΣM J = 0: r sin θ 1 − W − r (1 − cosθ )W

π

2r θ θ 2θ

+ sin cos − r cosθ W −M =0

θ 2 2 π

2θ

M = Wr sin θ − 1 + cosθ − cosθ

π

dM 2 2θ

For Mmax, = Wr cosθ − sin θ − cosθ + sin θ = 0

dθ π π

π −2

or tan θ =

π − 2θ

Solving numerically: θ = 0.48338 rod = 27.7°

M max = 0.0777Wr

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Rod: 2 1 1

ΣM A = 0: 2 rB − r 1 − W = 0 B = 2 − W

π 2 π

1 1 1 1 1

ΣFx = 0: Ax − 2 − W = 0 A x = − W

2 2 π 2 π

1 1 1 1 1

ΣFy = 0: Ay − W + 2 − W = 0 A y = + W

2 2 π 2 π

FBD AJ: θ 2θ

W′ = W = W

π π

2

2r θ

r = sin

θ 2

1 1 1 1

ΣM J = 0: M + r sin θ − W − r (1 − cosθ ) + W

2 π 2 π

2r θ θ 2θ

+ sin cos − r cosθ W = 0

θ 2 2 π

1 1 2θ

M = Wr + (1 − sin θ − cosθ ) + cosθ

2 π π

For M max ,

dM 1 1 2 2θ

= Wr + ( − cosθ + sin θ ) + cosθ − sin θ = 0

dθ 2 π π π

π −2

or tan θ =

π + 2 − 4θ

Solving numerically θ = 0.27539 rad = θ1

or θ = 1.16164 rad = θ 2

M (θ1 ) = − 0.0230Wr , M (θ 2 ) = 0.0362Wr

so M max = 0.0362Wr

at θ = θ 2 = 66.6°

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

180° − 60° π

Note: α = = 60° =

2 3

r 3r 3 3 3

r = sin α = = r

α π 2 2π

120 4

Weight of section = W = W

270 9

4 2 3

ΣFy′ = 0: F− W cos30° = 0 F = W

9 9

4W

ΣM O = 0: rF − ( r sin 60° ) −M =0

9

2 3 3 3 3 4 2 3 1

M = r − W = − Wr

9 2π 2 9 9 π

M = 0.0666Wr

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

2r W 2r 2W

ΣM B = 0: rAy + − =0

π 3 π 3

2W

Ay =

3π

60° π

FBD AJ: Note: α = = 30° =

2 6

60 2W

Weight of segment = W =

270 9

r r 3r

F = sin α = sin 30° =

α π /6 π

2W 2W

ΣM J = 0: ( r cosα − r sin 30° ) + ( r − r sin 30° ) −M =0

9 3π

2W 3r 3 r 3r 3 1 1

M = − + = Wr − +

9 π 2 2 2π 3π 9 3π

M = 0.1788Wr

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

M0

Ay =

L

M0

ΣFy = 0: − Ay + C = 0 C=

L

Along AB:

M0 M0

ΣFy = 0: − −V = 0 V =−

L L

M0 M0

ΣM J = 0: x +M =0 M =− x

L L

M0

straight with M = − at B

2

Along BC:

M0 M0

ΣFy = 0: − −V = 0 V =−

L L

M0 x

ΣM K = 0: M +x − M0 = 0 M = M 0 1 −

L L

M0

straight with M = at B M = 0 at C

2

(b) From diagrams: M0

V max

= everywhere

L

M0

M max

= at B

2

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a) Along AB: ΣFy = 0: P −V = 0

V = P

ΣM J = 0: M − xP = 0

M = Px

Along BC:

ΣFy = 0: P − P −V = 0

V =0

ΣM K = 0: M − xP + ( x − a ) P = 0

M = Pa

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: P − P − P −V = 0

V = −P

ΣM L = 0: M − xP + ( x − a ) P

+ ( x − L + a) P = 0

M = P ( L − x)

(b) V max

= P along AB and CD

M max

= Pa along BC

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Section:

1 x

ΣFy = 0: − V − x w0 = 0

2 L

1 w0 2

(a) V =− x

2 L

1

V ( L ) = − w0 L

2

1 1 x

ΣM J = 0: M + x x w0 = 0

3 2 L

1 w0 3

M =− x

6 L

1

M ( L) = − w0 L2

6

1

(b) V max

= w0 L at B

2

1

M max

= w0 L2 at B

6

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM B = 0: aP + 2aC − 3.5aP = 0

C = 1.25P

ΣFy = 0: − P + By + 1.25P − P = 0

By = 0.75P

Along AB:

ΣFy = 0: −P − V = 0 V = −P

ΣM J = 0: M + xP = 0 M = − Px

Along BC:

ΣM K = 0: M + xP − ( x − a )( 0.75P ) = 0

M = − 0.75Pa − 0.25Px M ( 3a ) = −1.5Pa

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: V −P=0 V =P

ΣM L = 0: − M − x1 P = 0 M = − Px1

M (1.5a ) = −1.5Pa

V max

= P along AB and CD

(b)

M max

= 1.5Pa at C

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣFx = 0: Cx = 0

(a) FBD Beam:

ΣM C = 0: ( 3.6 ft )(1 kip ) − ( 3 ft )( 4 kips ) + ( 6 ft )( 2 kips )

− ( 9.6 ft ) B = 0

B = 0.375 kip

ΣFy = 0: −1 kip + C y − 4 kips + 2 kips − 0.375 kip = 0

C y = 3.375 kips

Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: −1 kip − V = 0

V = −1 kip

ΣM J = 0: M + x (1 kip ) = 0

M = − (1 kip ) x

M ( 3.6 ft ) = 3.6 kip ⋅ ft

Along CD:

V = 2.375 kips

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along EB:

V = 0.375 kips

ΣM L = 0: − M − x1 ( 0.375 kips ) = 0

M = − ( 0.375 kips ) x1

Along DE:

V = −1.625 kips

Also M is linear

(b) max

M max

= 3.60 kips at C

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM B = 0:

A y = 12.625 kips

B = 9.375 kips

Along AC:

V = 12.625 kips

ΣM J = 0: M − x (12.625 kips ) = 0

M = (12.625 kips ) x

M = 22.725 kip ⋅ ft at C

Along CD:

V = 2.625 kips

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along EB:

ΣM N = 0: x2 ( 9.375 kip ) − M = 0

M = ( 9.375 kips ) x2

M = 5.625 kip ⋅ ft at E

= 12.63 kips on AC

(b)

M max

= 29.8 kip ⋅ ft at D

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

C y = 1080 N

−540 N + E y = 0 E y = 1350 N

Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: − 540 N − V = 0

V = −540 N

ΣM J = 0: x ( 540 N ) + M = 0 M = − ( 540 N ) x

Along CD:

M = −108 N ⋅ m + ( 540 N ) x1

M = 162 N ⋅ m at D ( x1 = 0.5 m )

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DE:

M = −162 N ⋅ m + ( 810 N ) x3

M = 162 N ⋅ m at D ( x3 = 0.4 )

Along EB:

ΣM L = 0: M + x2 ( 540 N ) = 0 M = −540 N x2

M = −162 N ⋅ m at E ( x2 = 0.3 m )

= 810 N on DE

M max

= 162.0 N ⋅ m at D and E

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

a =1m ΣFx = 0: Bx = 0

ΣFy = 0: − 1.5 kN + 2 kN − 4 kN + 5 kN − By = 0

By = 1.5 kN

ΣM B = 0: a 4 (1.5 kN ) − 3 ( 2 kN ) + 2 ( 4 kN ) − 1( 5 kN ) − M B = 0

Along AC: M B = ( 3 kN ) a = 3 kN ⋅ m

ΣM J = 0: M − x (1.5 kN ) = 0 M = − (1.5 kN ) x

ΣM K = 0: M + x (1.5 kN ) − ( x − 1 m )( 2 kN ) = 0

M = − 2 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.5 kN ) x M ( 2 m ) = −1 kN ⋅ m

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along EB:

ΣM L = 0: − M − x1 (1.5 kN ) − 3 kN ⋅ m = 0

Along DE:

Also M is linear here

V max

= 3.50 kN along DE

(b)

M max

= 4.50 kN ⋅ m at E

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM A = 0: − (1.3 m ) (1.8 kN/m )( 2.6 m ) − (1.6 m )( 4 kN ) + ( 4 m ) B = 0

B = 3.121 kN

A y = 5.559 kN

Along AC:

x

ΣM J = 0: M + (1.8 km ) x − x ( 5.559 kN ) = 0

2

M = ( 5.559 kN ) x − ( 0.9 kN/m ) x 2

Along CD:

x

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 1.6 m )( 4 kN ) + (1.8 kN/m ) x − x ( 5.559 kN ) = 0

2

M = 6.4 kN ⋅ m + (1.559 kN ) x − ( 0.9 kN/m ) x 2

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DB:

ΣFy = 0: V + 3.121 kN = 0

V = − 3.121 kN

ΣM L = 0: − M + x1 ( 3.121 kN ) = 0 M = ( 3.121 kN ) x1

(b)

V max

= 5.56 kN at A

M max

= 6.59 kN ⋅ m at C

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣFy = 0: Ay + ( 2 m )( 24 kN/m ) − 48 kN − 8 kN = 0

A y = 8 kN

ΣM A = 0: M A + (1 m )( 2 m )( 24 kN/m ) − ( 3.5 m )( 48 kN )

− ( 2 m )( 8 kN ) = 0, M A = 152 kN ⋅ m

Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: 8 kN + x ( 24 kN ⋅ m ) − V = 0

V = 8 kN + ( 24 kN/m ) x

x

ΣM J = 0: M + 152 kN ⋅ m − x ( 8 kN ) − ( 24 kN/m ) x = 0

2

M = (12 kN/m ) x 2 + ( 8 kN ) x − 152 kN ⋅ m

Along DB:

ΣFy = 0: V − 8 kN = 0

V = 8 kN

ΣM K = 0: M + x1 ( 8 kN ) = 0, M = − ( 8 kN ) x1

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: V − 48 kN − 8 kN = 0, V = 56 kN

ΣM L = 0: M + ( x1 − 0.5 m )( 48 kN ) + x1 ( 8 kN ) = 0

M = 24 kN ⋅ m − ( 56 kN ) x1

V = 56.0 kN along CD

(b) max

M max

= 152.0 kN ⋅ m at A

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

1

C y = Gy = 2 (12 lb/in )(10 in ) + 2 (100 lb ) + (150 lb )

2

C y = G y = 295 lb

Along AC:

lb

V = − 12 x

in.

x lb

ΣM J = 0: M + (12 lb/in.) x = 0, M = − 6 x2

2 in.

Along CD:

V = 175 lb

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 5 in.)(12 lb/in.)(10 in.) − ( x − 10 in.)( 295 lb ) = 0

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DE:

M = − 750 lb ⋅ in + ( 75 lb ) x

Complete diagrams using symmetry.

V max

= 175.0 lb along CD and FG

(b)

M max

= 900 lb ⋅ in. at E

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

− (12 ft ) Fy + (15 ft )( 33 kips ) = 0

Fy = 33 kips

D y = 24 kips

Along AC:

x 1

ΣM J = 0: M + (1 kip ⋅ ft ) x = 0, M = − kip/ft x 2

2 2

Along CD:

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 3 ft )(1 kip/ft )( 6 ft ) = 0

M = 18 kip ⋅ ft − ( 6 kips ) x

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DE:

ΣM L = 0: ( x − 3 ft )( 6 kips ) − ( x − 9 ft )( 24 kips ) + M =0

Along FB:

ΣM N = 0: x1 ( 33 kips ) − M = 0, M = ( 33 kips ) x1

Along EF:

V = ( 2 kips/ft ) x2

x2

ΣM O = 0: M + ( 2 kips/ft ) x2 − ( 3 ft ) ( 33 kips ) = 0

2

M = 99 kip ⋅ ft − (1 kip/ft ) x22

V max

= 33.0 kips along FB

M = 99.0 kip ⋅ ft at F

(b) max

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣFy = 0: ( 4 m )( w) − ( 2 m )(12 kN/m ) = 0

w = 6 kN/m

Along AC:

V = −6 kN at C ( x = 1 m )

x

ΣM J = 0: M + ( 6 kN/m )( x ) = 0

2

M = − ( 3 kN/m ) x 2 M = −3 kN ⋅ m at C

Along CD:

V = ( 6 kN/m )(1 m − x1 ) , V = 0 at x1 = 1 m

x1

ΣM K = 0: M + ( 0.5 m + x1 )( 6 kN/m )(1 m ) − ( 6 kN/m ) x1 = 0

2

M = −3 kN ⋅ m − ( 6 kN ) x1 + ( 3 kN/m ) x12

M = −6 kN ⋅ m at center ( x1 = 1 m )

Finish by symmetry.

(b) From diagrams: V max

= 6.00 kN at C and D

M max

= 6.00 kN at center

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

w = 1.5 kN/m

Along AC:

V = 4.5 kN at C

x

ΣM J = 0: M − (1.5 kN/m )( x ) = 0

2

Along CD:

V = 9 kN − (1.5 kN/m ) x, V = 0 at x = 6 m

x − 3m x

ΣM K = 0: M + ( 3 kN/m )( x − 3 m ) − (1.5 kN/m ) x = 0

2 2

M = −13.5 kN ⋅ m + ( 9 kN ) x − ( 0.75 kN/m ) x 2

M = 13.5 kN ⋅ m at center ( x = 6 m)

Finish by symmetry.

(b) From diagrams: V max

= 4.50 kN at C and D

M max

= 13.50 kN ⋅ m at center

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

w = 4 kN/m

Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: ( 4 kN/m ) x − V =0

V = ( 4 kN/m ) x

x

ΣM J = 0: M − ( 4 kN/m ) x = 0, M = ( 2 kN/m ) x 2

2

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: ( 4 kN/m ) x − 6 kN − V =0

V = ( 4 kN/m ) x − 6 kN

x

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 1 m )( 6 kN ) − ( 4 kN/m ) x = 0

2

M = ( 2 kN/m ) x 2 − ( 6 kN ) x + 6 kN ⋅ m

Note: V = 0 at x = 1.5 m where M = 1.5 kN/m

Along DE:

V = 4 kN − (1 kN/m ) x

x − 2 m

ΣM L = 0: M + (1 kN/m )( x − 2 m ) + ( x − 1 m ) 6 kN

2

− ( x − 1 m )( 4 kN/m )( 2 m ) = 0

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

1

M = − kN/m x 2 + ( 4 kN ) x − 4 kN ⋅ m

2

Note: V = 0 at x = 4 m, where M = 4 kN ⋅ m

(b) V max

= 4 kN at C and F

M max

= 4 kN ⋅ m at center

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

w = 4.8 kN/m

Along AC:

x

ΣM J = 0: M − ( 4.8 kN/m ) x = 0, M = ( 2.4 kN/m ) x 2

2

Along CD:

x

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 0.3 m )( 3.6 kN ) − ( 4.8 kN/m ) x = 0

2

Complete diagrams using symmetry.

V max

= 2.16 kN at C and D

M max

= 270 N ⋅ m at center

(b)

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣFy = 0: C y − 4 kN = 0 C y = 4 kN

ΣM C = 0: M C − ( 0.5 m )( 4 kN ) = 0

M C = 2 kN ⋅ m

ΣFx = 0: Ax = 0

Beam AB:

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 4 kN − 2 kN − 1 kΝ = 0 Ay = 7 kN

ΣM A = 0: M A − 2 kN ⋅ m − ( 0.5 m )( 4 kN ) − (1 m )( 2 kN )

Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: 7 kN − V = 0

V = 7 kN

ΣM J = 0: M + 7.5 kN ⋅ m − x ( 7 kN ) = 0

M = ( 7 kN ) x − 7.5 kN ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DB:

ΣFy = 0: V − 1 kN = 0

V = 1 kN

ΣM K = 0: − M + x1 (1 kN ) = 0

M = (1 kN ) x1

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: V − 2 kN − 1 kN = 0 V = 3 kN

ΣM M = 0: M + ( x1 − 0.5 m )( 2 kN ) + x1 (1 kN ) = 0

M = 1 kN ⋅ m − ( 3 kN ) x1

Note: M exhibits a discontinuity at C, equal to 2 kN ⋅ m, the value of MC.

From the diagrams, V max

= 7.00 kN along AC

M max

= 7.50 kN at A

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣFx = 0: Cx , Dx = 0

FBD CE or DF:

ΣFy = 0: C y − 750 N = 0, C y = 750 N

Dy = 750 N

ΣM C = 0: M C − ( 0.3 m )( 750 N ) = 0

M C = 225 N ⋅ m = M D

Dy = 2220 N

Ay = −180 N A y = 180 N

V = −180 N

ΣM J = 0: M + x (180 N ) = 0 M = (180 N ) x

Along CD:

M = 450 N ⋅ m − ( 930 N ) x

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along DB:

ΣFy = 0: V − 540 N = 0

V = 540 N

ΣM N = 0: M + x1 ( 540 N ) = 0 M = − ( 540 N ) x1

From the diagrams V max

= 930 N along CD

M max

= 387 N ⋅ m at D

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM C = 0: ( 0.3 ft ) T − M C = 0, M C = ( 0.3 ft ) T

By symmetry, Dy = T , M D = ( 0.3 ft ) T

T = 855 lb.

(a)

From above M C = M D = ( 0.3 ft )( 855 lb ) = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

Beam AB:

Along AC: ΣFy = 0: − x (100 lb/ft ) − V = 0

V = − (100 lb/ft ) x

x

ΣM J = 0: M + (100 lb/ft ) x = 0, M = − ( 50 lb/ft ) x 2

2

Along CI: M C = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

x

ΣM K = 0: M − 256.5 lb ⋅ ft + (100 lb/ft ) x

2

− ( x − 3.6 ft )( 855 lb ) = 0

Complete diagrams using symmetry

Note: Discontinuities in M, at C and D, equal M C and M D

(b)

V max

= 495 lb at C and D

M max

= 648 lb ⋅ ft at C and D

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM C = 0: M C − ( 0.3 ft ) T = 0, M C = ( 0.3 ft ) T

By symmetry, Dy = T and M D = ( 0.3 ft ) T

(a)

Beam AB: From above, M C = M D = ( 0.3 ft )( 855 lb ) = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

V = − (100 lb/ft ) x

x

ΣM J = 0: M + (100 lb/ft ) x = 0 M = ( 50 lb/ft ) x 2

2

Along CI: M C = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

x

ΣM K = 0: M − 256.5 lb ⋅ ft + (100 lb/ft ) x

2

− ( x − 2.7 ft )( 855 lb ) = 0

(b) V max

= 585 lb at C and D

M max

= 783 lb ⋅ ft at I

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Dy 0.35 m

Note: D passes through C, so = = 0.7

Dx 0.5 m

FBD Whole:

ΣM H = 0: ( 0.65 m )( 200 N ) − ( 0.5 m ) ( 0.7 Dx ) + ( 0.1 m ) ( Dx )

D x = 800 N

D y = 560 N

H y = 240 N

Horizontal forces not shown to avoid clutter.

Along AE: ΣFy = 0: − 200 N − V = 0

V = − 200 N

ΣM J = 0: x ( 200 N ) + M = 0

M = − ( 200 N ) x

V = 360 N

M = ( 360 N ) x − 4 N ⋅ m

V = 200 N

ΣM L = 0: M + x1 ( 200 N ) = 0 M = ( 200 N ) x1

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

V = − 40 N

ΣM N = 0: ( )

M − 160 N ⋅ m + x1 − 0.15 m ( 240 N ) − x1 ( 200 ) N = 0

M = 124 N ⋅ m + ( 40 N ) x1

= 360 N along EF

M max

= 140.0 N ⋅ m at F

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

( 48 in.)

5 12

FBD AB + Pulley & Cord: ΣM A = 0: D + ( 20 in.) D − (100 in.)(120 lb ) = 0

13 13

D = 325 lb so D x = 300 lb , D y = 125 lb

and tension 120 lb, E x = 96 lb , E y = 72 lb

(a) Beam AB with forces at D and G replaced by forces and couples at E

and F. Horizontal forces are omitted to avoid clutter.

Along AE:

ΣFy = 0: − 5 lb − V = 0, V = − 5 lb

ΣM J = 0: x ( 5 lb ) + M = 0, M = ( − 5 lb ) x

Along EF:

Along FB:

ΣFy = 0: V − 120 lb = 0, V = 120 lb

ΣM L = 0: − M − x1 (120 lb ) = 0

M = − (120 lb ) x1

= 192.0 lb along EF

(b)

M max

= 6240 lb ⋅ in. = 520 lb ⋅ ft at E

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

2P

ΣFy = 0: Lw − 2P = 0 w=

L

Along AC:

x 2P P 2

ΣM J = 0: M − x = 0 M = x

2 L L

Along CD:

x 2P

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − a ) P − x = 0

2 L

P 2

M = x − Px + Pa

L

Complete diagram using symmetry

1 L

Note: M min = Pa − PL at x = (center)

4 2

P 2 PL L2

Setting M max = − M min : a = − Pa + or a 2 + La − =0

L 4 4

L 2 2 −1

Solving a = − ± L, positive root a = L

2 2 2

(a) Then, with L = 1.5 m, a = 0.31066 m a = 0.311 m

Pa 2

(b) and, with P = 3.6 kN, M max = M max

= 232 N ⋅ m

L

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣFy = 0: T − C y = 0 Cy = T

x

Along AC: ΣM J = 0: M − (100 lb/ft ) x = 0

2

M = − ( 50 lb/ft ) x 2

Along CI:

M C = 256.5 lb ⋅ ft

x

ΣM K = 0: M − 256.5 lb ⋅ ft + (100 lb/ft ) x

2

− ( x − 4.5 ft + a )( 855 lb ) = 0

2

(a)

(b) giving M max

= 470 lb ⋅ ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

M C = 0: (1.25 m ) P − (1.2 m )(1500 N ) − 1800 N ⋅ m

+ ( 2.4 m ) E y − ( 3.65 m ) 2P = 0

C y = 0.47917 P

Along AC: ΣM J = 0: M + x P = 0

M = − Px

Along CD: ΣM K = 0:

M + x P − ( x − 1.25 m )( 0.47917 P ) = 0

M = − 0.5208 Px − 0.5990 P

At E: ΣM E = 0: − M − (1.25 m )( 2 P ) = 0

M = − 2.5 P

(a) Setting M max = − M min : 1800 − 1.875 P = 2.5 P P = 411.43

P = 411 N

M max

= 1.029 kN ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Since there are no distributed loads, M is piecewise linear, and only pts A,

C, and D need be considered.

At A: ΣM A = 0: M + ( 0.75 m )( 4 kN ) + (1.75 m )(16 kN )

− (1.75 m + a )( 8 kN ) = 0

(With a in m) M = ( 8 a − 17 ) kN ⋅ m

At C:

ΣM C = M + (1 m )(16 kN ) − (1 m + a m )( 8 kN ) = 0

M = ( 8 a − 8 ) kN ⋅ m

At D: ΣM D = 0: M − ( a m )( 8 kN ) = 0

M = 8 a kN ⋅ m

Apparently M max = 8 a kN ⋅ m at D,

(a)

and M min = ( 8 a − 17 ) kN ⋅ m at A

17

Setting M max = − M min : 8 a = 17 − 8 a a= m

16

a = 1.063 m

17

and M max = 8 a = kN ⋅ m M max

= 8.50 kN ⋅ m

(b) 2

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

7500 lb ⋅ ft

Dy =

a

Since there are no distributed loads, M is piecewise linear, so only points

C and D need be considered. Assume a in ft.

At D: ΣM D = 0:

M + (10 − a ) ft ( 500 lb ) = 0

M D = − 500 (10 − a ) lb ⋅ ft

At C:

7500

ΣM C = 0: M + ( 5ft )( 500 lb ) − 5 − (10 − a ) ft lb = 0

a

37500

M C = 5000 − lb ⋅ ft

a

37500

Setting M C = − M D : 5000 − = 5000 − 500 a

a

37500 = 500 a 2

a = 75 a = 8.66 ft

(b) M max ( )

= 500 10 − 75 lb ⋅ ft M max

= 670 lb ⋅ ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

6250 lb ⋅ ft

Dy =

a

6250

With a in ft, Dy = lb

a

Since there are no distributed loads, M is piecewise linear, so only points

C and D need be considered.

At D: ΣM D = 0: (10 − a ) ft ( 500 lb ) + M D = 0

M D = − 500 (10 − a ) lb ⋅ ft

At C:

6250

ΣM C = 0: M C + ( 5 ft )( 500 lb ) − 5 − (10 − a ) ft lb = 0

a

31250

M C = 3750 − lb ⋅ ft

a

31250

Setting M C = − M D : 3750 − = − 500 a + 5000

a

a = 9.25 ft

(b) M max

= 500 (10 − a ) lb ⋅ ft M max

= 373 lb ⋅ ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

x

ΣM J = 0: − M − wx = 0

M due to distributed load: 2

1

M = − wx 2

2

ΣM J = 0: − M + xw = 0

M due to counter weight:

M = wx

w 2 dM W

M = Wx − x = W − wx = 0 at x =

(a) Both applied: 2 dx w

W2

And here M = > 0 so M max ; M min must be at x = L

2w

1 2

So M min = WL − wL . For minimum M max

set M max = −M min , so

2

W2 1

= −WL + wL2 or W 2 + 2wLW − w2 L2 = 0

2w 2

W = ( )

2 − 1 wL = 0.414wL

( )

2

(b) w may be removed W2 2 −1

M max = = wL2 M max = 0.858wL2

2w 2

Without w, M = Wx, M max = WL at A

w 2 W2 W

With w (see part a) M = Wx − x , M max = at x =

2 2w w

1 2

M min = WL − wL at x = L

2

For minimum M max , set M max ( no w ) = −M min ( with w )

1 2 1 1 2

WL = − WL + wL → W = wL → M max = wL

2 4 4

1

With W = wL

4

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM C = 0: LAy − M 0 = 0

M0

Ay =

L

M0

ΣFy = 0: − Ay + C = 0 C=

L

M0 dV

Shear Diag: V = − at A, and remains constant = w = 0 .

L dx

Moment Diag: M starts at zero at A and decreases linearly

dM M M M

= V = − 0 to − 0 at B, where M jumps by M 0 to + 0 .

dx L 2 2

M

M continues to decrease with slope − 0 to zero at C.

L

M0

V max

= everywhere

L

M0

M max

= at B

2

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

By symmetry Ay = By

(a) and (b)

ΣFy = 0: 2 Ay − 2 P = 0 Ay = P By = P

Shear Diag:

V is piecewise constant with discontinuities equal to P at A, B, C and D in

the direction of the loads.

Moment Diag:

M is piecewise linear with slope equal to + P on AB, 0 on BC, –P on CD.

M B = Pa

V max

= P along AB and CD

M max

= Pa along BC

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Shear Diag:

(a) and (b)

dV

Since w is linear, V is quadratic = − w starting at 0 at A, and

dx

1

decreasing to − w0 L at B.

2

Moment Diag:

dm

M is zero at A and decreases cubically = V to

dx

1 1 1 2

− w0 L L = − w0 L at B.

3 2 6

1

V max

= w0 L at B

2

1

M max

= w0 L2 at B

6

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

C y = 1.25P

Shear Diag:

V is piecewise constant, equal to –P from A to B, jumping up 0.75P, at B,

to − 0.25P, and jumping up 1.25 P, at C, to + P.

Moment Diag:

dM

M is zero at A, decreasing linearly = V = − P to − Pa at B, and

dx

dM

further, = V = − 0.25P to − Pa − ( 0.25P )( 2a ) = −1.5Pa at C. M

dx

dM

then increases linearly = V = P to −1.5Pa + P (1.5a ) = 0 at D,

dx

as it must.

V max

= P along AB and CD

M max

= 1.5Pa at C

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

+ ( 7.8 ft )(10 kips ) − ( 9.6 ft ) Ay =0

A y = 12.625 kips

Shear Diag:

dV

V is piecewise constant, = 0 with discontinuities at each

dx

concentrated force. (equal to force)

V max

= 12.63 kips

Moment Diag:

dM

M is zero at A, and piecewise linear = V throughout.

dx

M D = 22.725 kip ⋅ ft + ( 2.7 ft )( 2.625 kips )

= 29.8125 kip ⋅ ft

M E = 29.8125 kip ⋅ ft − ( 4.5 ft )( 5.375 kips )

= 5.625 kip ⋅ ft

M B = 5.625 kip ⋅ ft − ( 0.6 ft )( 9.375 kips ) = 0

M max

= 29.8 kip ⋅ ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM E = 0: (1.1 m )( 0.54 kN ) − ( 0.9 m ) C y

+ ( 0.4 m )(1.35 kN ) − ( 0.3 m )( 0.54 kN ) = 0

C y = 1.08 kN

E = 1.35 kN

Shear Diag:

dV

V is piecewise constant, = 0 everywhere with discontinuities at

dx

each concentrated force. (equal to the force)

V max

= 810 N

Moment Diag:

M is piecewise linear starting with M A = 0

M D = 0.108 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.5 m )( 0.54 kN ) = 0.162 kN ⋅ m

M E = 0.162 kN ⋅ m − ( 0.4 m )( 0.81 kN ) = − 0.162 kN ⋅ m

M B = 0.162 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.3 m )( 0.54 kN ) = 0

M max

= 0.162 kN ⋅ m = 162.0 N ⋅ m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(1.5 m ) E y −

1

ΣM A = 0: m ( 360 N/m )(1 m ) − (1.3 m )( 600 N )

2

− ( 2 m )( 420 N ) = 0 E y = 1200 N

A y = 180.0 N

(a)

Shear Diag:

V jumps to Ay = 180 N at A, then decreases linearly

dV

= − w = − 360 N/m to 180 N − ( 360 N/m )(1 m ) = −180 N at C.

dx

From C, V is piecewise constant ( w = 0 ) with jumps of − 600 N at D,

+ 1200 N at E, − 420 N at B.

Moment Diag:

dM

M starts at zero at A with slope = V = 180 N/m, decreasing to zero

dx

1

at x = 0.5 m . There M = (180 N )( 0.5 m ) = 45 N ⋅ m. M is zero again

2

at C, decreasing to − (180 N )( 0.3 m ) = − 54 N ⋅ m at D. M then

decreases by ( 780 N )( 0.2 m ) = 156 N ⋅ m to − 210 N ⋅ m at E, and

increases by ( 420 N )( 0.5 m ) = 210 N ⋅ m to zero at B.

= 780 N along EB

M max

= 210 N ⋅ m at E

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

dV

V is zero at A with constant slope = − w = −1 kip/ft decreasing to

dx

− 3.6 kips at C. V then jumps 9 kips to 5.4 kips and is constant to D.

Then V increases with constant slope 1.5 kips/ft for 3 ft, to 9.9 kips at B.

This is also equal to By .

Moment Diag:

dM

M is zero at A, with zero slope = V decreasing to − 3.6 kips at C,

dx

1

where M = ( − 3.6 kips )( 3.6 ft ) , M C = − 6.48 kip ⋅ ft. M then increases

2

linearly with slope 5.4 kips to − 6.48 kip ⋅ ft + ( 5.4 kips )(1.8 ft )

= 3.24 kip ⋅ ft at D. Finally, M increases, with increasing slope, to

5.4 kips + 9.9 kips

M B = 3.24 kip ⋅ ft + ( 3 ft ) ,

2

M B = 26.19 kip ⋅ ft.

(b)

From the diagrams, V max

= 9.90 kips at B

M max

= 26.2 kip ⋅ ft at B

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

− ( 2.4 m )( 4 kN ) = 0

A y = 5.559 kN

Shear Diag:

At A, V jumps up 5.559 kN, then decreases with uniform slope of

−1.8 kN/m to 2.679 kN at C. V then jumps down 4 kN to −1.321 kN,

and continues with uniform slope −1.8 kN/m to − 3.121 kN at D. V is

then constant to B. Note: By = 3.121 kN

Moment Diag:

dM

M is zero at A, with slope = V = 5.559 kN. The slope decreases to

dx

5.559 + 2.679

2.679 kN at C, where M = kN (1.6 m ) ,

2

M C = 6.59 kN ⋅ m. At C the slope drops to −1.321 kN and continues to

1.321 + 3.121

decrease, M D = 6.59 kN ⋅ m − kN (1 m ) = 4.37 kN ⋅ m.

2

M then decreases with uniform slope − 3.121 kN, to zero at B.

= 5.56 kN at A

(b) M = 6.59 kN ⋅ m at C

max

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

A y = 8 kN

ΣM A = 0: M A − (1 m )( 24 kN/m )( 2 m ) + ( 3.5 m )( 48 kN )

+ ( 4 m )( 8 kN ) = 0

M A = −152 kN ⋅ m

Shear Diag:

dV

= − w = 24 kN/m to 56 kN at C. V is constant at 56 kN to D, then

dx

drops by 8 kN to 8 kN at D, is then constant at 8 kN to B.

Moment Diag:

8 + 56

at C, where M = −152 kN ⋅ m + kN ( 2 m ) = − 88 kN ⋅ m. Then

2

M increases with uniform slope 56 kN to − 88 kN ⋅ m + ( 56 kN )(1.5 m )

= − 4 kN ⋅ m at D, and finally, with slope 8 kN, to zero at B.

= 56 kN along CD

(b) M max

= 152.0 kN ⋅ m at A

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a) By symmetry C y = G y

C y = 295 lb G y = 295 lb

Shear Diag:

dV

At A, V = 0 and has slope = − w = −12 lb/in. which is uniform to

dx

C, where V = − (12 lb/in.)(10 in.) = −120 lb ⋅ in. V jumps 295 lb to

+ 175 lb at C, is constant to D where it drops 100 lb to 75 lb, is constant

to E where it drops 150 lb to − 75 lb. The diagram can be completed

using symmetry.

Moment Diag:

1

where M = − (120 lb )(10 in.) = − 600 lb ⋅ in. M then increases, with

2

uniform slope 175 lb, to − 600 lb ⋅ in. + (175 lb )( 6 in.) = 450 lb ⋅ in. at D.

M then increases, at uniform slope 75 lb, to 450 lb + (75 lb)(6 in.)

= 900 lb ⋅ in. at E. The diagram can be completed using symmetry.

= 175.0 lb along CD and FG

max

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

+ ( 4.5 ft )( 2 kips/ft )( 9 ft ) + ( 3 ft )( 33 kips ) = 0

D y = 24 kips

− ( 2 kips/ft )( 9 ft ) = 0 Fy = − 33 kips

Fy = 33 kips

Shear Diag:

dV

V = 0 at A and = −1 kip/ft is uniform to C, where V = − 6 kips .

dx

Then V is constant to D where it jumps up 24 kips to + 18 kips, and

dV

remains constant to E. From E to F, = − 2 kips/ft and V decreases by

dx

18 kips to zero at F, where it drops 33 kips, is constant to B, and jumps

33 kips to zero.

Moment Diag:

dM

At A, M = 0 and starts at zero, decreasing to − 6 kips at C, where

dx

1

M = ( 6 kips )( 6 ft ) = −18 kip ⋅ ft. M then decreases linearly by

2

( 6 kips )( 3 ft ) to − 36 kip ⋅ ft at D, and increases linearly by

dM

(18 kip )( 3 ft ) to + 18 kip ⋅ ft at E. From E to F, decreases from

dx

1

18 kips to zero as M increases by (18 kips )( 9 ft ) to 99 kip ⋅ ft, at F.

2

M then decreases linearly to zero at B.

From the diagrams, V max

= 33.0 kips along FB

M = 99.0 kips at F

(b) max

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a)

ΣFy = 0: Ay + ( 200 N/m )( 0.8 m ) − (120 N/m )( 0.3 m ) = 0

Ay = −124 N A y = 124 N

Shear Diag:

dV

V drops to 124 N at A. = 200 N/m from A to C and V increases by

dx

( 200 N/m )( 0.8 m ) = 160 N to + 36 N at C. It remains at 36 N to D,

x 124 N

then decreases linearly to zero at B. Note V = 0 where = ,

0.8 m 160 N

or x = 0.62 m.

Moment Diag:

dM

M jumps to 75.4 at A where = −124 N. The slope increases to zero

dx

1

at x = 0.62 m, where M = 75.4 N ⋅ m − (124 N )( 0.62 m )

2

= 36.96 N ⋅ m. The slope then increases as M increases by

1

( 36 N )( 0.18 m ) = 3.24 N ⋅ m to 40.2 N ⋅ m at C, where it drops

2

60 N ⋅ m to −19.8 N ⋅ m. M increases linearly by

( 36 N )( 0.4 m ) = 14.4 N ⋅ m to − 5.4 N ⋅ m, and finally M increases

1 dM

quadratically by ( 36 N )( 0.3 m ) = 5.4 N ⋅ m to zero at B where is

2 dx

also zero.

From the diagrams, V max

= 124.0 N at A

M max

= 75.4 N at A

(b)

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

+ (16.5 m )( 3 kN ) + 22.5 kN ⋅ m = 0

F = 7.5 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 9 kN − 12 kN + 7.5 kN + 3 kN = 0

A y = 10.5 kN

Shear Diag:

V is piecewise constant, with jumps at A, C, E, F, and B, equal to the

forces there.

Moment Diag:

M is piecewise linear with jumps at D and B equal to the couples there.

M C = (10.5 kN )( 3 m ) = 31.5 kN ⋅ m

M D+ = 36 kN ⋅ m + 27 kN ⋅ m = 63 kN ⋅ m

M E = 63 kN ⋅ m + (1.5 kN )( 3 m ) = 67.5 kN ⋅ m

M F = 67.5 kN ⋅ m − (10.5 kN )( 3 m ) = 36 kN ⋅ m

M B − = 36 kN ⋅ m − ( 3 kN )( 4.5 m ) = 22.5 kN ⋅ m

= 10.50 kN along AC and EF

(b)

M max

= 67.5 kN ⋅ m at E

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a)

ΣM A = 0: ( 3 m ) By − ( 2.1 m )( 2.5 kN/m )( 4.2 m ) = 0

B y = 7.35 kN

A y = 3.15 kN

Shear Diag:

dV

V has slope = − 2.5 kN/m throughout, and jumps at A and B equal to

dx

the forces there.

VB − = 3.15 kN − ( 2.5 kN/m )( 3 m ) = − 4.35

VB + = − 4.35 kN + 7.35 kN = 3 kN

Note, V = 0 where 3.15 kN − ( 2.5 kN/m ) x = 0, x = 1.26 m.

Moment Diag:

dM

At A, M = 0 and = 3.15 kN. The slope decreases to zero at

dx

x = 1.26 m and to − 4.35 kN at B, jumps to 3.0 kN and decreases to

0 at C.

1

M D = ( 3.15 kN )(1.26 m ) = 1.9845 kN ⋅ m

2

1

M B = 1.9845 kN ⋅ m − ( 4.35 kN )( 3 m − 1.26 m ) = −1.80 kN ⋅ m

2

1

M C = −1.80 kN ⋅ m + ( 3 kN )(1.2 m ) = 0

2

From the diagrams, V max

= 4.35 kN at B

(b) M = 1.985 kN at D (1.26 m from A )

max

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a) ΣM C = 0: − ( 0.5 m )( 2 kN/m )( 2 m ) + (1.5 m )(1 kN )

− ( 3 m )( 4.5 kN/m )(1 m ) + ( 3.5 m ) By = 0

B y = 4.0 kN

ΣFy = 0: C y − ( 2 kN/m )( 2 m ) + 1 kN − ( 4.5 kN/m )(1 m )

+ 4.0 kN = 0 C y = 3.5 kN

Shear Diag:

dV

At A, V = 0 and = − 2 kN/m, so V decreases to −1 at C, then

dm

jumps 3.5 kN to + 2.5 kN, and continues to decrease, with the same

slope, to − 0.5 kN at D, jumps 1 kN to + 0.5 kN from D to E. Then V

decreases at rate 4.5 kN/m, to − 4.0 kN at B. Note that V = 0 where

8

( − 4.5 kN/m )( x ) = − 4 kN, x = m, and where ( 2 kN/m )( y ) = 2.5,

9

5

y = m.

4

Moment Diag:

dM

At A, M and = 0, with the slope decreasing to −1 kN at C, where

dx

1

M = − (1 kN )( 0.5 m ) = − 0.25 kN ⋅ m. The slope jumps to 2.5 kN

2

and decreases to zero at F and to − 0.5 kN at D.

1 5

M F = − 0.25 kN ⋅ m + ( 2.5 kN ) m = 1.3125 kN ⋅ m

2 4

1 1

M D = 1.3125 kN ⋅ m − ( 0.5 kN ) m = 1.25 kN ⋅ m.

2 4

From D, M increases by ( 0.5 kN )(1 m ) to 1.75 kN ⋅ m at G. M continues

1 1

to increase to 1.75 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.5 kN ) m = 1.7778 kN ⋅ m at G and

2 9

1 8

then decreases by ( 4 kN ) m = 1.7778 kN ⋅ m, to zero at B.

2 9

(b) From the diagrams, V max

= 4.00 kN at B

4

M max

= 1.778 kN ⋅ m at G m from B

9

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

A y = 12 kips

− ( 20 ft )( 7 kips ) = 0 M A = 34 kip ⋅ ft

Shear Diag:

V jumps to 12 kips at A, then decreases at 2 kips/ft to − 4 kips at C to D.

V drops 3 kips to − 7 kips from D to B and jumps 7 kips to zero. Note:

V = 0 where 12 kips − ( 2 kips/ft ) x = 0, x = 6 ft.

Moment Diag:

M jumps to 34 kip ⋅ ft at A and then increases with decreasing slope to

1

34 kip ⋅ ft + (12 kips )( 6 ft ) = 70 kip ⋅ ft at E, and decreases by

2

1

( 4 kips )( 2 ft ) = 4 kip ⋅ ft, to 66 kip ⋅ ft at C. M then decreases by

2

( 4 kips )( 6 ft ) to 42 kip ⋅ ft at D, and by ( 7 kips )( 6 ft ) to zero at B.

M max

= 70 kip ⋅ ft at E

A y = 9 kips

Shear Diag:

V jumps to 9 kips at A, then decreases, at 2 kips/ft , to − 7 kips at C to D,

drops 3 kips to −10 kips from D to B and jumps 10 kips to 0.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Moment Diag:

M jumps to 94 kip ⋅ ft at A and increases to

1

94 kip ⋅ ft + ( 9 kips )( 4.5 ft ) = 114.25 kip ⋅ ft, then decreases by

2

1

( 7 kips )( 3.5 ft ) to 102 kip ⋅ ft at C. M decreases linearly by

2

( 7 kips )( 6 ft ) to 60 kip ⋅ ft at D, then by (10 kips )( 6 ft ) to zero at

B.

M max

= 114.3 kip ⋅ ft at E ( 4.5 ft from A)

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

C y = 1800 lb = 1.8 kips

Shear Diag:

V jumps to 4.8 kips at A then decreases linearly, at 0.8 kips/ft, to

− 2.4 kips at B, jumps 0.6 kips to −1.8 kips, is constant to C, and jumps

1.8 kips to zero.

Note: V = 0 at D, where 4.8 kips − ( 800 kip/ft ) x = 0, x = 6.0 ft.

Moment Diag:

M starts at zero and increases with decreasing slope to

1

( 4.8 kips )( 6 ft ) = 14.4 kip ⋅ ft at D, then decreases by

2

1

( 2.4 kips )( 3 ft ) to 10.8 kip ⋅ ft at B. M then decreases with slope

2

−1.8 kips to zero at C.

M max

= 14.40 kips at D (6 ft from A)

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a) ΣM A = 0: ( 6 m ) By − (1 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) − 24 kN ⋅ m

− ( 5 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) = 0 B y = 44 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 2 ( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) + 44 kN = 0

A y = 36 kN

Shear Diag:

at C, is constant to E, then decreases with slope –20 kN/m to − 44 kN

at B.

Moment Diag:

1

Starting at zero M increases with decreasing slope to (36 kN )(1.8 m)

2

1

= 32.4 kN ⋅ m at F , decreases by ( 4 kN )( 0.2 m ) to 32 kN ⋅ m at C ,

2

then with slope − 4 kN to 28 kN ⋅ m at D, where it jumps to 52 kN ⋅ m,

M decreases with slope − 4 kN to 48 kN ⋅ m at E, then with increasingly

4 + 44

negative slope by kN ( 2 m ) to zero at B.

(b) 2

M max

= 52 kN ⋅ m ( at D ) W

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a) ΣM A = 0: ( 6 m ) By − (1 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) + 24 kN ⋅ m

− ( 5 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) = 0 B y = 36 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 2 ( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) + 36 kN = 0

A y = 44 kN

Shear Diag:

C, is constant to E, then decreases with slope − 20 kN/m to −36 kN at B.

V = 0 at F where − 36 kN + ( 20 kN/m ) x = 0, x = 1.8 m.

Moment Diag:

44 + 4

M starts at zero, increases with decreasing slope to kN ( 2 m )

2

= 48 kN ⋅ m at C , increases with slope 4 kN to 52 kN ⋅ m at D, drops

24 kN ⋅ m to 28 kN ⋅ m then increases with slope 4 kN to 32 kN ⋅ m at E.

1

Then M increases with decreasing slope, by ( 4 kN )( 0.2 m ) to

2

32.4 kN ⋅ m at F and decreases with increasingly negative slope to

zero at B.

(b) M max

= 52.0 kN ⋅ m ( at D )

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Note: The 2 kip force at E has been replaced by the equivalent force and

(a) couple at C.

+ ( 24 ft ) Dy − ( 32 ft )(1 kip ) = 0 D y = 5 kips

A y = 10 kips

Shear Diag:

drops 2 kips, is constant at − 4 kips to D, jumps 5 kips, and is constant at

1 kip to B.

V = 0 at E, where 10 kips − (1 kip/ft ) x = 0, x = 10 ft.

Moment Diag:

1

From zero at A, M increases with decreasing slope to (10 kips)(10 ft )

2

1

= 50 kip ⋅ ft at F , decreases by ( 2 kips )( 2 ft ) to 48 kip ⋅ ft at C, drops

2

8 kip ⋅ ft to 40 kip ⋅ ft, then decreases with slope − 4 kips to − 8 kip ⋅ ft at

D. Finally M increases with slope 1 kip to zero at B.

(b) M max

= 50 kip ⋅ ft at F (10.00 ft from A ) W

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a) Note: The 2 kip force at E has been replaced by the equivalent force and

couple at C.

ΣM A = 0: − ( 6 ft )(1 kip/ft )(12 ft ) + (12 ft )( 2 kips ) − 8 kip ⋅ ft

11

+ ( 24 ft ) Dy − ( 32 ft )(1 kip ) = 0 Dy = kips

3

11

ΣFy = 0: Ay − (1 kip/ft )(12 ft ) + 2 kips − kips − 1 kip = 0

3

22

Ay = kips

3

Shear Diag:

22 14

Starting at kips at A, V decreases with slope −1 kip/ft to − kips

3 3

8 11

at C, jumps 2 kips and remains constant at − kips to D, jumps kips

3 3

and remains constant at 1 kip to B, drops to zero.

22 22

V = 0 at F, where kip − (1 kip/ft ) x = 0, x= ft.

3 3

Moment Diag:

Starting from zero, M increases with decreasing slope to

1 22 22

kips ft = 26.889 kip ⋅ ft at F . M then decreases by

2 3 3

1 14 14

kips ft to 16 kip ⋅ ft at C , jumps to 24 kip ⋅ ft, decreases

2 3 3

8

with slope − kips to − 8 kip ⋅ ft at D, and finally increases with slope

3

1 kip to zero at B.

(b)

M max

= 26.9 kip ⋅ ft at F ( 7.33 ft from A) W

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b) x

(a) Distributed load w = w0 4 − 1

L

dV

Shear: = −w, and V ( 0 ) = 0, so

dx

x x/L x

V = ∫0 − wdx = − ∫

0

Lwd

L

x 2

x/L x x x

V = ∫0 wo L 1 − 4 d = w L − 2

0

L L L L

Notes: At x = L, V = −w0 L

2

x x x 1

And V = 0 at = 2 or =

L L L 2

x 1

Also V is max where w = 0 =

L 4

1

Vmax = w0 L

8

dM

Moment: M ( 0 ) = 0, =V

dx

x x/L x x

M = ∫ 0 vdx = L∫ 0 V d

L L

x 2

2 x/L x x

M = w0 L ∫0 − 2 d

L L L

x 2

x

V = w0 L − 2

L L

1 x 2 2 x 3

2

M = w0 L −

2 L 3 L

1 L

M max = w0 L2 at x =

24 2

1

M min = − w0 L2 at x = L

6

w0 L2 L

M max = at x =

24 2

w0 L2

(c) M max

= −M min = at B

6

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b) 1 1 3

ΣFy = 0: Ay − ( 2w0 ) ( 2a ) + w0a = 0 Ay = w0a

2 2 2

( 2a ) ( 2w0 ) ( 2a ) − a ( w0 ) ( a ) = 0

2 1 7 1

ΣM A = 0: M A +

3 2 3 2

3

M A = − w0a 2

2

w0

(a) for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2a: w= x

a

( )

3 x w0 w

V =

2

w0a −

∫ 0 a

xdx = 0 3a 2 − x 2 W

2a

3 w0

( )

x

M = − w0a 2 +

2 ∫ 0 2a

3a 2 − x 2 dx

M =

w0

6a

( )

− 9a 3 + 9a 2 x − x3 W

At x = 2a,

1

M = w0a 2

6

w0

for 2a ≤ x ≤ 3a : w = − 3w0 + x

a

1 x w0

V = − w0a +

2 ∫ 2a a

( 3a − x ) dx

V =

w0

2a

(

− 9a 2 + 6ax − x 2 W )

( )

1 x w0

M =

6

w0a +

∫ 2a 2a

− 9a 2 + 6ax − x 2 dx

M =

w0

6a

(

27a3 − 27a 2 x + 9ax 2 − x3 W )

(c) 3

M max

= w0a 2 at A ( x = 0 ) W

2

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

1

ΣM B = 0: ( 3a )

w0 ( 3a ) − 5aAy = 0 A y = 0.9w0a

2

1

ΣFy = 0: 0.9w0a − w0 ( 3a ) + B = 0

2

B = 0.6w0a

Shear Diag:

V = Ay = 0.9w0a from A to C and V = B = − 0.6w0a from B to D.

x1

Then from D to C, w = w0 . If x1 is measured right to left,

3a

dV dM x w

= + w and = − V . So, from D, V = − 0.6w0a + ∫ 0 1 0 x1dx1,

dx1 dx1 3a

2

1 x1

V = w0a − 0.6 +

6 a

2

x

Note: V = 0 at 1 = 3.6, x1 = 3.6 a

a

Moment Diag:

dM

M = 0 at A, increasing linearly = 0.9w0a to M C = 0.9w0a 2.

dx1

dM

Similarly M = 0 at B increasing linearly = 0.6w0a to

dx

M D = 0.6w0a 2. Between C and D

2

0.6 − 1 x1 dx1,

2 x1

M = 0.6w0a + w0a ∫

0 6 a

3

x 1 x

M = w0a 2 0.6 + 0.6 1 − 1

a 18 a

(b) x1

At = 3.6, M = M max = 1.359w0a 2

a

x1 = 1.897a left of D

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

L1 w0 L

ΣM A = 0: LBy − w0 L = 0 By =

54 20

( )

w0 L x1 w0 3 w

V =−

20

+

∫ 0 L

x dx1 = 0 3 5x14 − L4

3 1

20L

w0

5 ( L − x ) − L4 W

4

or V = 3

20 L

or x = 0.3313 L

( )

x1 w0

M =0+

∫ 0 20L3

5x14 − L4 dx1

=

w0

20L3

(

x15 − L4 x1 )

w0

( L − x ) − L4 ( L − x ) W

5

or M = 3

20L

M max = 0.0267 w0 L2 W

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD section AC:

− ( 0.2 m )VA = 0, VA = 1000 N

(b)

ΣFy = 0: 1000 N − 400 N − 300 N − Q = 0

Q = 300 N W

Shear Diag:

300 N and is constant to B where it drops 300 N to zero.

Moment Diag:

1000 + 600

+ N ( 0.4 m ) = − 75 N ⋅ m at D, then increases with slope 300 N

2

to zero at B.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD section AC: + ( 0.1 m )(1000 N/m )( 0.2 m ) = 0

A y = 1000 N

FBD Whole: P = 175.0 N W

ΣFy = 0: 1000 N − 175 N − Q − (1000 N/m )( 0.65 m ) = 0

Q = 175.0 N W

Shear Diag:

V starts at 1000 N, and has slope − 1000 N/m throughout, but with drops of

175 N at D and B.

Moment Diag:

M starts at − 395 N ⋅ m and increases with decreasing slope to − 295 N ⋅ m

1000 + 600

+ N ( 0.4 m ) = − 75 N ⋅ m at D. There is a discontinuity in slope,

2

425 + 175

and M increases by N ( 0.25 m ) to zero at B.

2

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD AC:

ΣM D = 0: ( 0.2 m ) Dy − 2.5 kN ⋅ m = 0, D y = 1.25 kN

+ ( 6 m )(1.25 kN ) = 0, Q = 0.4 kN

FBD AB:

Q = 400 N W

P = 0.6 kN

(b) P = 600 N W

FBD Whole: Shear Diag:

V is constant at 1.35 kN from A to C, drops 0.6 kN, then decreases with

slope –0.4 kN/m ( −1.6 kN ) to − 0.85 kN at D, drops 0.4 kN to

−1.25 kN, and is constant to B.

V = 0 where 0.75 kN – (0.4 kN/m)x = 0, x = 1.875 m.

Moment Diag:

From zero at A, M increases with slope 1.35 kN to 2.70 kN ⋅ m at C, the

slope drops to 0.75 kN and then decreases to zero at E, where

1

M = 2.7 kN ⋅ m + ( 0.75 kN )(1.875 m ) = 3.403 kN ⋅ m. This curve

2

1

continues to D where M = 3.403 kN ⋅ m − ( 0.85 kN )( 2.125 m )

2

= 2.50 kN ⋅ m, then M decreases with slope −1.25 kN to zero at B.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD AC:

ΣM D = 0: 2.5 kN ⋅ m − ( 2 m ) By = 0, B y = 1.25 kN

Q = 277 N W

P = 1.113 kN W

(b)

Shear Diag:

FBD Whole:

V is constant at 2 kN from A to C, drops 1.113 kN to 0.887 kN, then decreases

with slope − 0.4 kN/m to 0.887 kN − ( 0.4 kN/m ) ( 4.65 m )

= − 0.973 kN, drops 0.277 kN to −1.25 kN and is constant to B.

V = 0 where 0.887 kN − ( 0.4 kN/m ) x = 2.2175 m at E .

Moment Diag:

Starting from zero, M increases with slope 2 kN to 2.7 kN ⋅ m at C. The

slope drops to 0.887 kN and decreases to zero at E where M = 2.7 kN

1

+ ( 0.887 kN )( 2.2175 m ) = 3.68 kN ⋅ m. This curve continues to D

2

where M = 2.5 kN ⋅ m, then M decreases linearly to zero at B.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM A = 0: ( 5 m ) Dy − ( 4 m )( 2.25 kN ) − ( 2 m )( 3 kN ) = 0

FBD Cable:

D y = 3 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 3 kN − 2.25 kN + 3 kN = 0

A y = 2.25 kN

3

ΣFy = 0: 3 kN − TCD = 0 TCD = 5 kN

5

4

ΣFx = 0: − ( 5 kN ) + Dy = 0 D x = 4 kN

5

Point A: From(1), A x = 4 kN

dB 2.25 kN

= (a ) d B = 1.125 m W

2m 4 kN

(b) A x = 4.00 kN W

A y = 2.25 kN W

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

D y = 3 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − 3 kN − 2.25 kN + 3 kN = 0

A y = 2.25 kN

ΣFx = 0: − Ax + Dx = 0 Ax = Dx

Point D:

dC 1m 1 + dC2

= =

3 kN Dx 3.6 kN

1.2 dC = 1 + dC2 ,

Point A: dC = 1.50756 m

1 m

Also Dx = 3 kN = 1.98997 kN = Ax

dC

dB 2m

= (a) d B = 2.26 m W

2.25 kN 1.9900 kN

(b) dC = 1.508 m W

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Cable:

E y = 1.4 kips

A y = 1.0 kips

ΣFx = 0: − Ax + Ex = 0, Ax = Ex

FBD CDE:

ΣM C = 0: ( 30 ft )(1.4 kips ) − (12 ft ) Ex − (15 ft )(1.2 kips ) = 0

(a) E x = 2.00 kips W

E y = 1.400 kips W

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Cable:

E y = 1.4 kips

A y = 1.0 kips

ΣFx = 0: − Ax + Ex = 0, Ax = Ex

Point E: Since Ax = Ex , and E y > Ay , Tmax = TDE

FBD CDE:

dC = 5.00 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM A = 0: (1.2 m ) Ex + ( 4 m ) E y − (1 m )(1.8 kN )

− ( 2 m )( 3.6 kN ) − ( 3 m )(1.2 m ) = 0

1.2Ex + 4E y = 12.6 kN (1)

FBD CDE:

ΣM C = 0: ( 2 m ) E y − ( 0.6 m ) Ex − (1 m )(1.2 kN ) = 0

− 0.6Ex + 2E y = 1.2 kN (2)

Solving (1) and (2) E x = 4.25 kN

E y = 1.875 kN

AB: ΣFy = 0 Ay − 1.8 kN − 3.6 kN − 1.2 kN + 1.875 kN = 0

A y = 4.725 kN

ΣM B = 0: d B ( 4.25 kN ) − (1 m )( 4.725 kN ) = 0

d B = 1.112 m

DE:

d D = 1.641 m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD DE:

ΣM D = 0: (1 m )(1.2 kN ) − ( dC − 1.2 m ) Ex = 0 (1)

FBD Whole:

ΣM A = 0: (1.2 m ) Ex + ( 4 m )(1.2 kN ) − ( 3 m )(1.2 kN )

− ( 2 m )( 3.6 kN ) − (1 m )(1.8 kN ) = 0

E x = 6.5 kN

A y = 5.4 kN

E = 6.61 kN 10.46°

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Cable: Hanger forces at A and F act on the supports, so A y and Fy act on the

cable.

ΣM F = 0: ( 6 ft + 12 ft + 18 ft + 24 ft )( 400 lb )

− ( 30 ft ) Ay − ( 5 ft ) Ax = 0

Ax + 6 Ay = 4800 lb (1)

FBD ABC:

ΣM C = 0: ( 7 ft ) Ax − (12 ft ) Ay + ( 6 ft )( 400 lb ) = 0 (2)

2000

Ay = lb

3

FBD DEF:

Fx = 800 lb

2000

ΣFy = 0: lb − 4 ( 400 lb ) + Fy = 0

3

2800

Fy = lb

3

2

2800

Since Ax = Fx and Fy > Ay , Tmax = TEF = (800 lb ) 2

+ lb

3

(12 ft )

2800

ΣM D = 0: lb − d D ( 800 lb ) − ( 6 ft )( 400 lb ) = 0

3

(b) d D = 11.00 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM C = 0: (18 ft ) Fy − ( 9 ft ) Fy − ( 6 ft + 12 ft )( 400 lb ) = 0

FBD CDEF:

Fx − 2Fy = − 800 lb (1)

Fx − 6Fy = − 4800 lb (2)

Point F:

ΣFy = 0: Ay + 1000 lb − 4 ( 400 lb ) = 0 , A y = 600 lb

(a) Tmax = 1.562 kips

FBD DEF:

(b) d D = 8.00 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM A = 0: ( 9 ft ) P − ( 6 ft )( 30 lb ) − a ( 20 lb ) = 0

FBD BC:

20a

P = 20 + lb with a in ft. (1)

9

TAB x a 50a

But = so P= (2)

TAB y 7 7

(a) P = 29.0 lb

(b) a = 4.06 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD C:

ΣM B = 0: ( 2 ft )( 25 lb ) − ( 6 ft − a )( 30 lb ) = 0

13

a= ft

3

a = 4.33 ft

FBD BC:

( b + 2 ft )( 25 lb ) − ( 6 ft )( 30 lb ) −

13

ΣM A = 0: ft ( 20 lb ) = 0

3

32

b= ft

3

b = 10.67 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

12 3

ΣFx = 0: − TAB + TBC + 1.32 kN = 0

FBD B: 13 5

5 4

ΣFy = 0: TAB − TBC = 0

13 5

By inspection of A,

FBD C:

12 3

ΣFx = 0: TCD − (1 kN ) = 0 , TCD = 0.65 kN

13 5

4 5

ΣFy = 0: (1 kN ) + ( 0.65 kN ) − w = 0

5 13

w = 1.05 kN

w 1050 N

(b) m = = = 107.03 kg m = 107.0 kg

g 9.81 m/s 2

TBC = 1.000 kN

TCD = 650 N

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD C:

( )

W = mg = (150 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 1471.5 N = 1.4715 kN

12 3

ΣFx = 0: TCD − TBC = 0

13 5

5 4

ΣFy = 0: TCD + TBC − 1.4715 kN = 0

13 5

12 3

ΣFx = 0: P− TAB + (1.40143 kN ) = 0

13 5

5 4

ΣFy = 0: TAB − (1.40143 kN ) = 0, TAB = 2.91497 kN

13 5

(b) P = 1.850 kN

TBC = 1.401 kN

TCD = 911 N

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD E:

Ex Ey T

= = DE Ex = E y (1)

1 1 2

FBD CDE:

ΣM C = 0: ( 6.5 m ) E y − ( 4.2 m ) Ex − ( 3.5 m ) wD =0

35

2.3Ex = 3.5wD , Ex = E y = wD

23

35

ΣM B = 0: (8.1 m − 3 m )

wD − ( 5.1 m ) wD − (1.6 m ) wC = 0

23

wC = 1.66304wD , mC = 1.66304 mD

FBD B: (a) mC = 56.5 kg

4 5

ΣFx = 0: − TBC + Ex = 0, TBC = Ex

5 4

45 1 24

ΣFx = 0: Ex − TAB − TBF = 0

54 2 25

1 7 3 5

ΣFy = 0: TAB − TBF − Ex = 0

2 25 5 4

Ex 31 25

Solving: = TBF , TBF = Ex

4 25 124

25 35

TBF = wD = 0.30680wD

124 23

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD E: Ey

Ex

= Ex = E y

1 1

35

2.3Ex = 3.5wD , Ex = E y = wD

FBD CDE: 23

35

ΣM B = 0: (8.1 m − 3 m ) wD − ( 5.1 m ) wD − (1.6 m ) wC = 0

23

wD = 0.60131 wC , mD = 0.60131 mC = 33.072 kg

(a) mD = 33.1 kg

4 5

ΣFx = 0: − TBC = Ex , TBC = Ex

5 4

Point B:

45 1 24

ΣFx = 0: Ex − TAB − TBF = 0

54 2 25

1 7 3 5

ΣFy = 0: TAB − TBF + Ex = 0

2 25 5 4

31 1 25

Solving: TBF = Ex , TBF = Ex

25 4 124

TBF =

25 35 25 35

wD =

124 23 124 23

( 33.072 kg ) 9.81 m/s2 ( )

(b) TBF = 99.5 N

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a) FBD half wire: Since h = 1.5 m L = 30 m we can approximate the load as evenly

distributed horizontally, and the length S = L.

kg N

W = 0.6 9.81 ( 30 m ) = 176.58 N

m kg

TC = 1765.8 N

Tmax = TB = TC2 + W 2

2 yB

2

2 yB

4

(b)

S B = xB 1 + − + ...

3 xB 5 xB

2 1.5

2

2 1.5

4

= ( 30 m ) 1 + − + ... = 30.05 m S tot = 60.1 m

3 30 5 30

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Half-cable FBDs:

FBD I: ΣM B = 0: (15 m ) w ( 30 m ) − h1T0 =0

h1 =

( 450 m ) w2

T0

T0 = (100 m ) w

(a) h1 =

( 450 m ) w = 4.50 m

2

(100 m ) w

FBD I: ΣFx = 0: T1x − T0 = 0

T1x = (100 m ) w

ΣFy = 0: T1y − ( 30 m ) w = 0

T1y = ( 30 m ) w

T1 = (100 m )2 + ( 30 m )2 w

(

= (104.4 m )( 0.4 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 )

= 409.7 N

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

T2y = ( 20 m ) w

T2 x = T1x = (100 m ) w

T2 = (100 m )2 + ( 20 m )2 w = 400.17 N

(b) T1 = 410 N

T2 = 400 N

*Since h L it is reasonable to approximate the cable weight as being distributed uniformly along the

horizontal. The methods of section 7.10 are more accurate for cables sagging under their own weight.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD half-span:

2075 ft

(a) ΣM B = 0: ( 23032.5 kips ) − ( 464 ft ) T0 = 0

2

Tmax = T02 + W 2 = ( 47, 246 kips )2 + ( 23, 033 kips )2 = 56, 400 kips

2 y

2

2 y

4

(b) s = x 1 + − + "

3 x 5 x

2 464 ft

2

2 464 ft

4

sB = ( 2075 ft ) 1 + − + "

3 2075 ft 5 2075 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a) Tmax = 50, 200 kips

2 y

2

2 y

4

s = x 1 + − + "

3 x 5 x

2 316 ft

2

2 316 ft

4

sB = (1750 ft ) 1 + − + "

3 1750 ft 5 1750 ft

= 1787.3 ft

*

To get 3-digit accuracy, only two terms are needed.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM B = 0: r (Tmax − WB ) = 0, Tmax = WB = 60 lb

FBD half-cord: S=L

T0 = ( 60 lb )2 − (1.5 lb )2 = 59.981 lb

1.5 lb

(b) θ B = sin −1 = 1.43254°, θ B = 1.433°

60 lb

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD half-span:*

= ( 54 N ) = 305 N

L LW

(b) ΣM A = 0: hTx − W = 0, h=

4 4Tx

2

2 4 LW yA W

s = x 1 + + L but yA = h = so =

3 x 4Tx xA 2Tx

2

L 2 53.955 N

( 2.5 m ) = 1 + − L → L = 4.9732 m

2 3 600 N

LW

So h = = 0.2236 m h = 224 mm

4Tx

*See note Prob. 7.103

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

2 4

2 y 2 y

s = x 1 + − + L

3 x

5 x

2 2

2 h 2 h

Knowing l = 2sTOT = L 1 + − + L

3 L/2 5 L/2

Winter:

2 4

2 386 ft 2 386 ft

lw = ( 4260 ft ) 1 + − + L = 4351.43 ft

3 2130 ft 5 2130 ft

Summer:

2 4

2 394 ft 2 394 ft

ls = ( 4260 ft ) 1 + − + L = 4355.18 ft

3 2130 ft 5 2130 ft

∆l = ls − lw = 3.75 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

TAx = 1103.6 N

h = 0.11111 m

(a) h = 111.1 mm

TAy 49.05

(b) θ = tan −1 = tan −1 = 2.5449°, θ = 2.54°

TAx 1103.6

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD AB:

FBD CB:

W

ΣM C = 0: ( 550 ft ) TBy − ( 278 ft ) TBx − ( 275 ft ) =0

2

11TBy − 5.56TBx = 2.75W (2)

Solving (1) and (2) TBx = 51, 425 kips

TB y

Tmax = TB = TB2x + TB2y , tan θ B =

TBx

(b) θ B = 29.2°

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

w 2

Eqn: y= x

Cable profile: 2T0

xB − x A = 45 in.

w

at A: 4 in. = ( xB − 45 in.)2 (1)

2T0

w 2

at B: 1 in. = xB (2)

2T0

∴

( xB − 45 in.)2 =4

xB2

or xB2 + 30 xB − 675 = 0

x A = xB − 45 in. x A = − 30 in.

wxB2 1 0.18 lb

(15 in.)

2

From (2), T0 = =

2 2 12 in.

T0 = 1.6875 lb

Tmax occurs at A where slope is maximum

(1.6875 lb )2 +

0.18 lb

Tmax = T02 + ( wx A ) = ( − 30 in.) = 1.74647 lb

2 2

12 in.

(b) Tmax = 1.747 lb

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

a b

ΣM A = 0: y AT0 − wa = 0 ΣM B = 0: − yBT0 + wb = 0

2 2

wa 2 wb 2

yA = yB =

2T0 2T0

d = ( yB − yB ) =

w 2

2T0

(

b − a2 )

2 2

But T0 = TB2 − ( wb ) = Tmax

2

− ( wb )

( ) ( )

2

∴ ( 2d )2 Tmax

2 2

− ( wb )

= w2 b 2 − a 2 = L2 w2 4b 2 − 4 Lb + L2

T2

or ( )

4 L2 + d 2 b 2 − 4 L3b + L4 − 4d 2 max

w2

= 0

w = ( 85 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s2 = 833.85 N/m)

yields b = ( 2.934 ± 1.353) m, b = 4.287 m ( since b > 3 m )

(a) a = 6 m − b = 1.713 m

2

2

T0 = Tmax − ( wb ) = 7156.9 N

yA wa yB wb

= = 0.09979, = = 0.24974

xA 2T0 xB 2T0

2 2

2 yA 2 yB

l = s A + sB = a 1 + + L + b 1 + + L

3 xA 3 xB

2 2 2 2

= (1.713 m ) 1 + ( 0.09979 ) + ( 4.287 m ) 1 + ( 0.24974 ) = 6.19 m

3 3

(b) l = 6.19 m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

x

ΣM P = 0: wx − yT0 = 0

2

Geometry: wx 2 y wx

y = so =

2T0 x 2T0

and d = yB − y A =

2T0

(

w 2

b − a2 )

Also

2 yA

2 2 yB

2

FBD Segment: l = s A + sB a 1 + + b 1 +

3 a 3 b

2 y A y

2 2

w2 3

l−L + B =

3 a b 6T02

a + b3 ( )

4d 2

2 3

2d a +b (3

)

=

1

(a 3

+b 3

) =

( ) ( )

2

6 b2 − a 2 3 b2 − a 2 2

knowing that a < 3 ft

a = 2.2196 m (a) a = 2.22 m

Then T0 =

w 2

2d

(

b − a2 )

And with (

w = ( 85 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 833.85 N/m )

And

b = 6 m − a = 3.7804 m T0 = 4338 N

Tmax = TB = T02 + ( wb )

2

Tmax = 5362 N (b) Tmax = 5.36 kN

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

x

ΣM C = 0: xACy − h − a T0 − ΣM C left = 0 (2)

L

x x

(1) − ( 2 ): hT0 − ΣM B loads + ΣM C left = 0 (3)

L L

FBD Beam:

ΣM C = 0: xABy − ΣM C left − M C = 0 (5)

x x

( 4 ) − ( 5): − ΣM B loads + ΣM C left + M C = 0 (6)

L L

FBD AC:

Comparing (3) and (6) M C = hT0 Q.E.D.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

A By = 2.25 kN

D By = 3 kN

2

T0 = TCD 2

− DCy = ( 3.6 kN )2 − ( 3 kN )2

Cable:

T0 = 3.96 kN

M B 4.5 kN ⋅ m

dB = = = 2.2613 m

T0 3.96 kN

d B = 2.26 m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

− ( 4 m ) ABy = 0 A By = 3.45 kN

ΣFx = 0: ABx = 0

FBD AB:

ΣM B = 0: M B − (1 m )( 3.45 kN ) = 0, M B = 3.45 kN ⋅ m

FBD AC:

ΣM C = 0: M C + (1 m )(1.8 kN ) − ( 2 m )( 3.45 kN ) = 0

M C = 5.1 kN ⋅ m

FBD AD:

M D = 3.15 kN ⋅ m

hC = dC − 0.6 m = 1.8 m − 0.6 m = 1.2 m

M C 5.1 kN ⋅ m

T0 = = = 4.25 kN

hC 1.2 m

M B 3.45 kN ⋅ m

hB = = = 0.81176 m

Cable: T0 4.25 kN

M D 3.15 kN ⋅ m

hD = = = 0.74118 m

T0 4.25 kN

d D = hD + 0.9 m = 1.64118 m, d D = 1.641 m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD AC:

M C = 7200 lb ⋅ ft

By symmetry, M D = M C = 7200 lb ⋅ ft

∴ hC = hD

Cable:

hC = dC − 3 ft = 12 ft − 3 ft = 9 ft

d D = hD + 2 ft = 9 ft + 2 ft = 11 ft

d D = 11.00 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Beam:

ΣFx = 0: ABx = 0

By symmetry A By = FBy = 800 lb

FBD AC:

ΣM C = 0: M C + ( 6 ft )( 400 lb ) − (12 ft )( 800 lb ) = 0

M C = 7200 lb ⋅ ft

By symmetry, M D = M C = 7200 lb ⋅ ft

∴ hC = hD

Cable:

hC = dC − 3 ft = 9 ft − 3 ft = 6 ft

d D = hD + 2 ft = 6 ft + 2 ft = 8 ft

d D = 8.00 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Ty ( x + ∆x ) Ty ( x ) w( x)

So − = ∆x

T0 T0 T0

Ty dy

But =

T0 dx

dy dy

−

dx x + ∆x dx x w( x)

So =

∆x T0

d2y w( x)

In lim : 2

= Q.E.D.

∆x → 0 dx T0

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

πx

w ( x ) = w0 cos

L

From Problem 7.119

d2y w ( x ) w0 πx

2

= = cos

dx T0 T0 L

dy W0 L πx dy

So = sin using = 0

dx T0π L dx 0

w0 L2 πx

y = 2

1 − cos using y ( 0 ) = 0

T0π L

L w L2 π w0 L2

But y = h = 0 2 1 − cos so T0 =

2 T0π 2 π 2h

w0 L2

And T0 = Tmin so Tmin =

π 2h

TBy dy w0 L

Tmax = TA = TB : = =

T0 dx x = L2 T0π

w0 L

TBy =

π

2

2 w0 L L

TB = TBy + T02 = 1+

π πh

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Elemental Segment:

w0

Load on segment* w ( x ) dx = ds

cos 2 θ

w0

But dx = cosθ ds, so w( x) =

cos3 θ

d2y w( x) w0

From Problem 7.119 = =

dx 2

T0 T0 cos3 θ

d2y d dy d dθ

In general 2

= = ( tan θ ) = sec2 θ

dx dx dx dx dx

dθ w0 w0

So = =

dx T0 cos θ sec θ

3 2

T0 cosθ

T0

or cosθ dθ = dx = rdθ cosθ

w0

T0

Giving r = = constant. So curve is circular arc Q.E.D.

w0

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD half-span: ( )

w = ( 0.07 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 0.6867 N/m

L = 10 m

12 m

SCB = =6m

2

xB 5m

SCB = c sinh , 6 m = c sinh

c c

Solving numerically, c = 4.6954 m

xB 5m

yB = c cosh = ( 4.6954 m ) cosh = 7.6188 m

c 4.6954 m

hB = yB − c = 7.6188 m − 4.6954 m = 2.9234 m

(a) hB = 2.92 m

TB = wyB = ( 0.6867 N/m )( 7.6188 m ) = 5.2318 N

(b) TB = 5.23 N

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

120 lb

sB = 30 ft, w= = 2 lb/ft

60 ft

L

hB = 24 ft, xB =

2

yB2 = c 2 + sB2 = ( hB + c )

2

= hB2 + 2chB + c 2

c=

sB2 − hB2

=

( 30 ft ) − ( 24 ft )

2 2

2hB 2 ( 24 ft )

c = 6.75 ft

xB s

Then sB = c sinh → xB = c sinh −1 B

c c

30 ft

xB = ( 6.75 ft ) sinh −1 = 14.83 ft

6.75 ft

(a) L = 2 xB = 29.7 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

w = 2.8 lb/ft

hB = 125 ft

yB = hB + c = 125 ft + c

c = 187.5 ft

xB xB

sB = c sinh , 250 ft = (187.5 ft ) sinh

c c

xB 4

= sinh −1 = 1.0986, xc = 205.99 ft

c 3

Tmax = 875 lb

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD half-span:

sB = 65 m, hB = 30 m

( )

w = ( 3.4 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 33.35 N/m

yB2 = c 2 + sB2

( c + hB )2 = c 2 + sB2

2 2

c=

sB2 − hB2

=

( 65 m ) − ( 30 m )

2hB 2 ( 30 m )

= 55.417 m

xB s 65 m

Now sB = c sinh → xB = c sinh −1 B = ( 55.417 m ) sinh −1

c c 55.417 m

= 55.335 m

L = 2 xB = 2 ( 55.335 m ) = 110.7 m

Tmax = 2.85 kN

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Cable:

30 m

s = 30 m so sB = = 15 m

2

( )

w = ( 0.3 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 2.943 N/m

hB = 12 m

yB2 = ( c + hB ) = c 2 + s 2B

2

sB2 − hB2

So c=

2hB

c=

(15 m )2 − (12 m )2 = 3.375 m

2 (12 m )

xB s 15 m

Now sB = c sinh → xB = c sinh −1 B = ( 3.375 m ) sinh −1

c c 3.375 m

xB = 7.4156 m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Cable:

sT = 30 m, ( )

w = ( 0.3 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 2.943 N/m

P

P = T0 = wc, c=

w

30 N

c= = 10.1937 m

2.943 N/m

yB2 = ( hB + c ) = c 2 + sB2

2

30 m

h 2 + 2ch − sB2 = 0, sB = = 15 m

2

h 2 + 2 (10.1937 m ) h − 225 m 2 = 0

xA s 15 m

sB = c sinh → xB = c sinh −1 B = (10.1937 m ) sinh −1

c c 10.1937 m

= 12.017 m

L = 2 xB = 2 (12.017 m ) (b) L = 24.0 m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

xD = = 1.8 m

2

kg m

w = 3.72 9.81 2 = 36.4932 N/m

m s

length 3.8 m

sD = = = 1.9 m

2 2

xD 1.8 m

sD = c sinh 1.9 m = c sinh

c c

Solving numerically, c = 3.1433 m

2 2

yD2 − sD2 = c 2

yD = 3.6729

h = yD − c = 3.6729 m − 3.1433 m = 0.5296 m

h = 0.530 m

(a) h = 530 mm

N

TDx = wc = 36.4932 ( 3.1433 m ) = 114.71 N

m

(b) TDx = 114.7 N

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD half-span: 90 m

sB = = 45 m

2

L 60 m

xB = = = 30 m

2 2

TB = Tmax = 300 N

xB 30 m

sB = c sinh , 45 m = c sinh

c c

Solving numerically, c = 18.495 m

xB 30 m

yB = c cosh = (18.495 m ) cosh

c 18.495 m

= 48.651 m

hB = yB − c = 48.651 m − 18.495 m = 30.156 m

(a) h = 30.2 m

Tmax = wyB 300 N = w ( 48.651 m )

N

w = 6.1664

m

N

W = w ( length ) = 6.1664 ( 90 m ) = 554.97 N

m

W 554.97 N

m= = = 56.57 kg

g 9.81 m/s 2

(b) m = 56.6 kg

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

45 ft

sB = = 22.5 ft L = 20 ft

2

L

xB = = 10 ft

2

xB

sB = c sinh

c

10 ft

22.5 ft = c sinh

c

Solving numerically: c = 4.2023 ft

xB

yB = c cosh

c

10 ft

= ( 4.2023 ft ) cosh = 22.889 ft

4.2023 ft

hB = yB − c = 22.889 ft − 4.202 ft

hB = 18.69 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

l = total length

xB L/2

yB = c cosh , L + c = c cosh

c c

L L

or 1 = cosh −

2c c

L

Solving numerically, = 4.933

c

xB l L

sB = c sinh = c sinh

c 2 2c

l 10 ft

So c= = = 0.8550 ft

L 4.933

2sinh 2sinh

2c 2

L = 4.933 c = ( 4.933)( 0.8550 ft ) = 4.218 ft

(a) L = 4.22 ft

x dy x

from y = c cosh = sinh

c dx c

dy L 4.933

tan θ B = = sinh = sinh = 5.848

dx B 2c 2

(b) θ B = 80.3°

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

( )

w = ( 3 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 29.43 N/m

L = 48 m, Tmax ≤ 1800 N

Tmax

Tmax = wyB → yB =

w

1800 N

yB ≤ = 61.162 m

29.43 N/m

48 m

x

yB = c cosh B , 61.162 m = c cosh 2 *

c c

Solving numerically, c = 55.935 m

h = yB − c = 61.162 m − 55.935 m

h = 5.23 m

*Note: There is another value of c which will satisfy this equation. It is much smaller, thus corresponding to a

much larger h.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Pulley B:

TB = wa

but TB = wyB , so yB = a

xB

now yB = c cosh =a

c

3 ft

So a = c cosh (1)

c

xB

also sB = c sinh

c

24 ft − a 3 ft

= c sinh

2 c

3 ft a

or 12 ft = c sinh + (2)

c 2

3 ft c 3 ft

= c sinh + cosh

c 2 c

Solving numerically c = 1.13194 ft

or 17.7167 ft

3 ft 3 ft

from (1) a = c cosh = (1.13194 ft ) cosh

c 1.13194 ft

a = 8.05 ft

3 ft

or a = (17.7167 ft ) cosh

17.7167 ft

a = 17.97 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

s A = length = 10 ft

FBD Cable:

ΣFx = 0: − F + T0 = 0, F = T0

xA a h

y A = c + h = c cosh = c cos h = c cosh

c c c

h h

So 1+ = cosh

c c

h

Solving numerically, = 1.61614

c

h

s A = c sinh = c sinh (1.61614 ) = 2.41748c = 10 ft

c

So c = 4.1365 ft, h = 6.6852 ft

y A = c + h = 10.8217 ft

20 lb

F = T0 = wc = ( 4.1365 ft ) = 8.2730 lb

10 ft

(a) F = 8.27 lb

(b) h = a = 6.69 ft

lb

Tmax = wy A = 2 (10.8217 ft ) = 21.643 lb

ft

(c) Tmax = 21.6 lb

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

TA = mg = Tmax

m

mg = ( 40 kg ) 9.81 2 = 392.4 N

s

Also L = 15 m, h=5m

15 m

So x A = − = − 7.5 m, xB = + 7.5 m

2

xA

y A = c cosh =c+h

c

− 7.5 m

So c cosh =c+5m

c

Solving numerically, c = 6.3175 m

xB 7.5 m

sB = c sinh = ( 6.3175 m ) sinh = 9.390 m

c 6.3175 m

(a) cable length = 2sB = 18.78 m

392.4 N

w= = 34.672 N/m

11.3175 m

w 34.672 N/m kg

(b) mass/length = = = 3.53

g 9.81 N/kg m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

xD

yD = c cosh

c

a

h + c = c cosh

c

10.8 ft

12 ft = c cosh − 1

c

Solving numerically, c = 6.2136 ft

10.8 ft

Then yB = ( 6.2136 ft ) cosh = 18.2136 ft

6.2136 ft

F = 27.3 lb

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

xD

yD = c cosh

c

a

c + h = c cosh

c

a

h = c cosh − 1

c

18 ft

12 ft = c cosh − 1

c

Solving numerically c = 15.162 ft

yB = h + c = 12 ft + 15.162 ft = 27.162 ft

F = 40.7 lb

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

( )

w = 4 kg/m 9.81 m/s 2 = 39.24 N/m

P 800 N

P = T0 = wc, c= =

w 39.24 N/m

c = 20.387 m

x

y = c cosh

c

dy x

= sinh

dx c

dy −a a

tan θ = − = − sinh = sinh

dx −a c c

a = c sinh −1 ( tan θ ) = ( 20.387 m ) sinh −1 ( tan 60° )

a = 26.849 m

a 26.849 m

y A = c cosh = ( 20.387 m ) cosh = 40.774 m

c 20.387 m

So (a) B is 26.8 m right and 20.4 m down from A

a 26.849 m

s = c sinh = ( 20.387 m ) sinh = 35.31 m

c 20.387 m

(b) s = 35.3 m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

( )

w = ( 4 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 39.24 N/m

P 600 N

P = T0 = wc c= =

w 39.24 N/m

c = 15.2905 m

x dy x

y = c cosh , = sinh

c dx c

dy −a a

At A: tan θ = − = − sinh = sinh

dx −a c c

a

yB = h + c = c cosh

c

a

h = c cosh − 1

c

20.137 m

= (15.2905 m ) cosh − 1

15.2905 m

= 15.291 m

So (a) B is 20.1 m right and 15.29 m down from A

a 20.137 m

s = c sinh = (15.291 m ) sinh = 26.49 m

c 15.291 m

(b) s = 26.5 m

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Cable:

xA xB

Since y A = c cosh , yB = c cosh

c c

and xB − x A = 8 m ( xA < 0 )

xA

( c + 0.5 m ) = c cosh

c

xB

( c + 1.2 m ) = c cosh

c

1.2 m −1 0.5 m 8 m

cosh −1 1 + + cosh 1 + =

c c c

Solving numerically, c = 9.9987 m

0.5 m

So x A = cosh −1 1 + ( 9.9987 m )

9.9987 m

= 3.15 m

(a) C is 3.15 m from house

Tmax = TB = wyB

kg N

= 2.1 9.81 (1.2 m + 9.9987 m )

m kg

= 230.7 N

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

−a

y A = c cosh = c + 6 ft

c

6 ft

a = c cosh −1 1 +

c

b

yB = c cosh = c + 11.4 ft

c

11.4 ft

b = c cosh −1 1 +

c

6 ft −1 11.4 ft

So a + b = c cosh −1 1 + + cosh 1 + = 36 ft

c c

11.4 ft

b = ( 20.446 ft ) cosh −1 1 + = 20.696 ft

20.446 ft

(a) C is 20.7 ft left of and 11.4 ft below B

20.696 ft

Tmax = wyB = ( 0.3 lb/ft )( 20.446 ft ) cosh = 9.554 lb

20.446 ft

(b) Tmax = 9.55 lb

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

dy x

(a) tan θ = = sinh

dx c

x

s = c sinh = c tan θ, Q.E.D.

c

2 2

)

x +1

So y2 = c2 ( tan θ + 1) = c sec θ

2 2 2

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

TB = Tmax = wyB

xB L 2c L

= wc cosh = w cosh

c 2 L 2c

L wL

Let ξ = so Tmax = cosh ξ

2c 2ξ

dTmax wL 1

= sinh ξ − cosh ξ

dξ 2ξ ξ

1

For min Tmax , tanh ξ − =0

ξ

Solving numerically ξ = 1.1997

wL

(Tmax )min = cosh (1.1997 ) = 0.75444wL

2 (1.1997 )

Tmax T

(a) Lmax = = 1.3255 max

0.75444w w

If ( )

Tmax = 32 kN and w = ( 0.34 kg/m ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 3.3354 N/m

32.000 N

Lmax = 1.3255 = 12 717 m

3.3354 N/m

(b) Lmax = 12.72 km

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

L

ymax = c cosh =h+c

2c

Tmax

Tmax = wymax , ymax =

w

80 lb

ymax = = 40 ft

2 lb/ft

9 ft

c cosh = 40 ft

c

Solving numerically, c1 = 2.6388 ft

c2 = 38.958 ft

h = ymax − c

h1 = 40 ft − 2.6388 ft h1 = 37.4 ft

h2 = 40 ft − 38.958 ft h2 = 1.042 ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

y B = 2sB

L L

c cosh = 2c sinh

2c 2c

L 1

tanh =

2c 2

L 1

= tanh −1 = 0.549306

2c 2

hB y −c L

= B = cosh −1

c c 2c

= 0.154701

hB hB /c

=

L 2( L/2c)

0.5 ( 0.154701)

= = 0.14081

0.549306

hB

= 0.1408

L

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

L

(a) Tmax = wyB = wc cosh

2c

dTmax L L L

= w cosh − sinh

dc 2c 2c 2c

dTmax

For min Tmax , =0

dc

L 2c L

tanh = = 1.1997

2c L 2c

yB L

= cosh = 1.8102

c 2c

h y

= B − 1 = 0.8102

c c

h 1 h 2c 0.8102 h

= = = 0.3375 = 0.338

L 2 c L 2 (1.1997 ) L

L Tmax L y

(b) T0 = wc, Tmax = wc cosh , = cosh = B

2c T0 2c c

Tmax

But T0 = Tmax cosθ B , = secθ B

T0

y

So θ B = sec−1 B = sec−1 (1.8102 )

c

= 56.46° θ B = 56.5°

yB 2c L L

Tmax = wyB = w = w (1.8102 )

c L 2 2 (1.1997 )

Tmax = 0.755wL

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD AB: 4 3

ΣM A = 0: r C + r C − 2r ( 70 lb ) = 0

5 5

C = 100 lb

4

ΣFx = 0: − Ax + (100 lb ) = 0

5

A x = 80 lb

3

ΣFy = 0: Ay + (100 lb ) − 70 lb = 0

5

A y = 10 lb

F = 48.66 lb

F = 48.7 lb 60°

ΣFy′ = 0: V − ( 80 lb ) cos30° + (10 lb ) sin 30° = 0

V = 64.28 lb

V = 64.3 lb 30°

ΣM 0 = 0: ( 8 in.)( 48.66 lb ) − (8 in.)(10 lb ) − M = 0

M = 309.28 lb ⋅ in.

M = 309 lb ⋅ in.

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Whole:

ΣM A = 0: ( 5.4 ft ) Bx − ( 7.8 ft )( 90 lb ) = 0

B x = 130 lb

FBD BE with pulleys and

cord: + ( 4.8 ft )( 90 lb ) − ( 0.6 ft )( 90 lb ) = 0

B y = 150 lb

ΣFx = 0: Ex − 130 lb = 0

E x = 130 lb

ΣFy = 0: E y + 150 lb − 90 lb − 90 lb = 0

E y = 30 lb

4 3

ΣFx′ = 0: − F − 90 lb + (130 lb ) + ( 90 lb − 30 lb ) = 0

5 5

F = 50.0 lb

FBD JE and pulley:

3 4

ΣFy′ = 0: V + (130 lb ) + ( 30 lb − 90 lb ) = 0

5 5

V = −30 lb V = 30.0 lb

ΣM J = 0: − M + (1.8 ft )(130 lb ) + ( 2.4 ft )( 30 lb ) + ( 0.6 ft )( 90 lb )

− ( 3.0 ft )( 90 lb ) = 0

M = 90.0 lb ⋅ ft

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Rod:

ΣFx = 0: Ax = 0

2r 2W

ΣM B = 0: W − rAy = 0 Ay =

π π

30° W

α = 15°, weight of segment = W =

90° 3

FBD AJ:

r r

r = sin α = sin15° = 0.9886r

α π /12

2W W

ΣFy′ = 0: cos 30° − cos30° − F = 0

π 3

W 3 2 1

F= −

2 π 3

2W W

ΣM 0 = M + r F − + r cos15° =0

π 3

M = 0.0557 Wr

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM J = 0: M + x ( 3 kips ) = 0 M = ( 3 kips ) x

M = −9 kip ⋅ ft at C

Along CD:

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 3 ft )( 5 kips ) + x ( 3 kips ) = 0

M = −16.2 kip ⋅ ft at D ( x = 3.9 ft )

Along DE:

V = −2 kips

+ ( 3.9 ft + x1 )( 3 kips ) = 0

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Along EB:

= 8.00 kips on CD

M max

= 33.0 kip ⋅ ft at B

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(a) By symmetry:

1

Ay = B = 8 kN + ( 4 kN/m )( 5 m ) A y = B = 18 kN

2

Along AC:

ΣFy = 0: 18 kN − V = 0 V = 18 kN

ΣM J = 0: M − x (18 kN ) M = (18 kN ) x

M = 36 kN ⋅ m at C ( x = 2 m )

Along CD:

ΣFy = 0: 18 kN − 8 kN − ( 4 kN/m ) x1 − V = 0

V = 10 kN − ( 4 kN/m ) x1

V = 0 at x1 = 2.5 m ( at center )

x1

ΣM K = 0: M + ( 4 kN/m ) x1 + (8 kN ) x1 − ( 2 m + x1 )(18 kN ) = 0

2

M = 48.5 kN ⋅ m at x1 = 2.5 m

Complete diagram by symmetry

From diagrams: V max

= 18.00 kN on AC and DB

(b)

M max

= 48.5 kN ⋅ m at center

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

By symmetry: Ay = B = 60 kN − P

Along AC:

ΣM J = 0: M − x ( 60 kN − P ) = 0 M = ( 60 kN − P ) x

M = 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 2 m ) P at x = 2 m

Along CD:

ΣM K = 0: M + ( x − 2 m )( 60 kN ) − x ( 60 kN − P ) = 0

M = 120 kN ⋅ m − Px

M = 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 4 m ) P at x = 4 m

Along DE:

ΣM L = 0: M − ( x − 4 m ) P + ( x − 2 m )( 60 kN )

− x ( 60 kN − P ) = 0

M = 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 4 m ) P (const)

Complete diagram by symmetry

For minimum M max

, set M max = −M min

120 kN ⋅ m − ( 2 m ) P = − 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 4 m ) P

P = 40.0 kN

(a)

M min = 120 kN ⋅ m − ( 4 m) P M max

= 40.0 kN ⋅ m

(b)

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

FBD Beam:

ΣM A = 0: ( 4 m ) B − (1 m )( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) − M =0

M

B = 10 kN +

4m

(a) B = 10 kN

(a) (b) B = 13 kN

ΣFy = 0: Ay − ( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) + B = 0

Ay = 40 kN − B

(a) A y = 30 kN

(b) A y = 27 kN

Shear Diags:

dV

VA = Ay , then V is linear = −20 kN/m to C.

dx

VC = Ay − ( 20 kN/m )( 2 m ) = Ay − 40 kN

(b)

(a) VC = −10 kN

(b) VC = −13 kN

Ay m

V = 0 = Ay − ( 20 kN/m ) x1 at x1 =

20 kN

(a) x1 = 1.5 m

(b) x1 = 1.35 m

V is constant from C to B.

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Moment Diags:

dM

M A = applied M . Then M is parabolic decreases with V

dx

1

M is max where V = 0. M max = M + Ay x1.

2

1

(a) M max

= ( 30 kN )(1.5 m ) = 22.5 kN ⋅ m

2

1.500 m from A

1

(b) M max = 12 kN ⋅ m + ( 27 kN )(1.35 m ) = 30.225 kN ⋅ m

2

M max

= 30.2 kN, 1.350 m from A

1

M C = M max − VC ( 2 m − x1 )

2

(a) M C = 20 kN ⋅ m

(b) M C = 26 kN ⋅ m

dM

Finally, M is linear = VC to zero at B.

dx

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b) x 1

(a) Distributed load w = w0 1 − total = w0 L

L 2

L 1 w0 L

ΣM A = 0: w0 L − LB = 0 B=

3 2 6

1 wL w0 L

ΣFy = 0: Ay − w0 L + 0 = 0 Ay =

2 6 3

Shear:

w0 L

VA = Ay = ,

3

dV x x

Then

dx

= − w → V = VA − ∫0 w0 1 − L dx

w L 1 w0 2 1 x 1 x 2

V = 0 − w0 x + x = w0 L − +

3 2 L 3 L 2 L

w0 L

Note: At x = L, V = − ;

6

2

x x 2 x 1

V = 0 at − 2 + = 0 → =1−

L

L

3 L 3

Moment:

M A = 0,

Then =V → M =

dx

∫0 Vdx = L∫0 V d

L L

x / L 1

2

x 1 x x

M = w0 L2 ∫ − + d

0 3 L 2 L L

1 x 1 x 2 1 x 3

M = w0 L2 − +

3 L 2 L 6 L

continued

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

x 1 2

M max at =1− = 0.06415w0 L

L 3

1 x 1 x 2

(a) V = w0 L − +

3 L 2 L

1 x 1 x 2 1 x 3

M = w0 L2 − +

3 L 2 L 6 L

at x = 0.423L

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

( Lx − x ) dx = 0

L 4w0

∫0

2

(a) ΣFy = 0: wg L −

L2

4w0 1 2 1 3 2 2w0

wg L = LL − L = w0 L wg =

L2 2 3 3 3

x dx x x 2 2

Define ξ = so dξ = → net load w = 4w0 − − w0

L L L L 3

1

or w = 4w0 − + ξ − ξ 2

6

ξ 1 2

V = V(0) − ∫ 0 4w0 L − 6 + ξ − ξ dξ

1 1 1

= 0 + 4w0 L ξ + ξ 2 − ξ 3

6 2 3

V =

2

3

(

w0 L ξ − 3ξ 2 + 2ξ 3 )

ξ

M = M0 +

x 2

∫ 0 Vdx = 0 + 3 w0 L ∫ 0

2

(ξ − 3ξ 2

)

+ 2ξ 3 dξ

=

2

3

1 1 1

w0 L2 ξ 2 − ξ 3 + ξ 4 = w0 L2 ξ 2 − 2ξ 3 + ξ 4

2 2 3

( )

1

(b) Max M occurs where V = 0 → 1 − 3ξ + 2ξ 2 = 0 → ξ =

2

1 1 1 2 1 w L2

M ξ = = w0 L2 − + = 0

2 3 4 8 16 48

w0 L2

M max = at center of beam

48

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

ΣM E = 0: ( 4 m )(1.2 kN ) + (8 m )( 0.8 kN ) + (12 m )(1.2 kN )

− ( 3 m ) Ax − (16 m ) Ay = 0

3 Ax + 16 Ay = 25.6 kN (1)

ΣM C = 0: ( 4 m )(1.2 kN ) + (1 m ) Ax − ( 8 m ) Ay = 0

Ax − 8 Ay = −4.8 kN (2)

FBD ABC:

Solving (1) and (2) Ax = 3.2 kN Ay = 1 kN

So A = 3.35 kN 17.35°

Ex = Ax = 3.2 kN

So E = 3.88 kN 34.5°

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

a

ΣM A = 0: (13.5 ft ) T0 − ( 57.5 lb/ft ) a = 0

2

( )

T0 = 2.12963 lb/ft 2 a 2

60 ft − a

ΣM B = 0: ( 57.5 lb/ft )( 60 ft − a ) − ( 6 ft ) T0 = 0

2

( )

6T0 = 28.75 lb/ft 2 3600 ft 2 − (120 ft ) a + a 2 (2)

So C is 36 ft from A

(a) C is 6 ft below and 24 ft left of B

2

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

4 lb

sB = 100 ft, w= = 0.02 lb/ft

200 ft

Tmax = 16 lb

Tmax = TB = wyB

TB 16 lb

yB = = = 800 ft

w 0.02 lb/ft

c 2 = yB2 − sB2

xB y

But yB = xB cosh → xB = c cosh −1 B

c c

800 ft

= ( 793.73 ft ) cosh −1 = 99.74 ft

793.73 ft

L = 2 xB = 2 ( 99.74 ft ) = 199.5 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr.,

Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

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