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UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR

MALAYSIA FRANCE INSTITUTE


TUTORIAL 1

1. Let A be a 3× 4 matrix B be a 3× 6 matrix


C be a 1× 3 matrix D be a 4 × 6 matrix

Determine whether or not the following matrix operations are possible, and
if they are, find the size of the resultant matrix.
(a) AD (b) CA (c) AC
(d) AD + CA (e) AB (f) BT A
(g) BT A + D T

2 3 5
 
2. If A =  1 7 4  , form the transpose A T and determine the matrix A T I
8 0 6
 

 1 −2 2 
 
3. The matrix A is defined as A =  2 − 1 − 2  . It is given that AA T = k I
2 2 1 

where I is an identity matrix.
(a) Find the value of k
(b) What can you conclude about the relationship between A and A T ?

a b
4. The matrix M is given by M =   , where a + d = -1 and ad - bc = 1 .
c d
 d -b 
Show that M 2 =   and deduce that M 2 + M + I = 0 .
 - c a 

 4 4 −1 
 
5. If A =  − 3 − 3 a  and A 2 = I , where I is the 3×3 identity matrix.
 b c d 

Find the value of a , b , c and d .

Tutorial 1 - 1
MATHEMATICS UNIT-TF-UNIKL MFI
NBB
UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIA FRANCE INSTITUTE
TUTORIAL 1

6. Find the determinant of the following matrices.


 2  1  
−1

 a −3 5   83  
(a)   (b)  4 
 −3 a −2   1 
 23 16 4 


 −2 7 6   c −4 3 
   
(c)  5 1 −2 (d) 2 1 c2 
 3 8 4   4 c −1 2 
   

x +1 − 5 −6
7. Solve the equation −1 x 2 =0
−3 2 x +1

8. Find the value of λ that make the following determinant zero.


2−λ 7
3 6−λ

x 0 0
1
9. Find the value of x if det A = 2 0 6 = 12
7 6 1

 3 2 4
 
10. Show that the square matrix A =  1 5 3  is a singular matrix.
 −1 8 2 
 

1 4 3
 
11. If A =  6 2 5  , determine A and adj A
1 7 0
 

Tutorial 1 - 2
MATHEMATICS UNIT-TF-UNIKL MFI
NBB
UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIA FRANCE INSTITUTE
TUTORIAL 1

12. Perform each row operation in order, (i) followed by (ii) followed by (iii) on
the given augmented matrix.

(a) 1 -3 -5 -2 (i) R2 = -2R1 + R2


2 -5 -4 5 (ii) R3 = 3R1 + R3
-3 5 4 6 (iii) R3 = 4R2 + R3

(b) 1 -3 4 3 (i) R2 = -2R1 + R2


2 -5 6 6 (ii) R3 = 3R1 + R3
3 3 4 6 (iii) R3 = 6R2 + R3

(c) 1 -3 2 -6 (i) R2 = -2R1 + R2


2 -5 3 -4 (ii) R3 = 3R1 + R3
-3 -6 4 6 (iii) R3 = 15R2 + R3

13. Find the


(i) determinant of the matrix
(ii) adjoint matrix
(iii) inverse matrix, if it exist of each of the following matrices

 1 −1 3   2 −1 4 
   
(a) 2 0 4  (b)  3 2 −1 
 6 − 2 22   5 −2 9 
   

Tutorial 1 - 3
MATHEMATICS UNIT-TF-UNIKL MFI
NBB
UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIA FRANCE INSTITUTE
TUTORIAL 1

 1 2 −3 
 
14. Given the matrix A =  2 − 1 − 4  , find p , q and r if the cofactor matrix
5 1 3 

 1 p 7 
 
of A is  − 9 18 − q 
 r −2 −5 
 

3 1 3
 
15. Given the matrix P =  3 2 1  , find a , b and c if the adjoint matrix of P
2 4 2
 

 0 10 a 
 
is  − 4 b 6 
 8 − 10 c 
 

2 1
16. Find the inverse of the matrix A =   and hence find the matrices B
4 3
and C such that :

 2 1   10 6   2 1  10 6 
(a) B   =   (b)   C =  
 4 3   10 7   4 3  10 7 

p 3
17. Given A =  
1 2

(a) find p if A does not have an inverse

1  2 −3 
(b) if A −1 =   , find p and k
k  − 1 5 

Tutorial 1 - 4
MATHEMATICS UNIT-TF-UNIKL MFI
NBB
UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIA FRANCE INSTITUTE
TUTORIAL 1

ANSWER
1. (a) 3× 6 (b) 1× 4 (c) not possible
(d) not possible (e) not possible (f) 6× 4
(g) 6× 4
2 1 8
T
 
2. A =  3 7 0  , ATI = AT
5 4 6
 
3. (a) k =9 5. a =1, b = 3 , c = 4 , d = 0

6. (a) a 2 − 5a + 21 (b) - 30 (c) 0


(d) - c 4 + c3 − 16c 2 + 8c − 2
7. x1 = 3 , x 2 = 1.66 , x 3 = -6.66

1
8. λ1 = −1 , λ 2 = 9 9. x=-
3
 − 35 21 14 
 
11. A = 105 , adj(A ) =  5 − 3 13 
 40 − 3 − 22 
 
12. (a) (i) 0 1 6 9 (b) (i) 0 1 −2 0
(ii) 0 − 4 − 11 0 (ii) 6 − 6 16 15
(iii) 0 0 13 36 (iii) 6 0 4 15
(c) (i) 0 1 −1 8
(ii) 0 − 15 10 − 12
(iii) 0 0 − 5 108

 8 16 − 4 
 
13. (a) (i) 16 (ii)  − 20 4 2 
 −4 −4 2 
 
 12 1 − 14 
 5 
(iii) −4 1
4 8 
1

−1 − 14 1 
 4 8 

Tutorial 1 - 5
MATHEMATICS UNIT-TF-UNIKL MFI
NBB
UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIA FRANCE INSTITUTE
TUTORIAL 1

 16 1 −7 
 
(b) (i) 0 (ii)  − 32 − 2 14 
 − 16 − 1 7 
 
(iii) inverse does not exist
14. p = -26 , q = -9 , r = -11
15. a = -5 , b = 0 , c = 3

3 1  11 
16. (a)   (b)  10 
 2 
1 2  − 10 − 5 
3
17. (a) p= (b) p=5, k=7
2

Tutorial 1 - 6
MATHEMATICS UNIT-TF-UNIKL MFI
NBB