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Musculus Pectoralis Major

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A type of muscle found only in the walls of theheart, and specifically in the myocardium (the
middle and thickest layer of the heart wall); it is under control of theautonomic nervous
system.

Cardiac muscle is like skeletal muscle in that it is striated and multinucleate, and likesmooth
muscle in that the nuclei are centrally located and many cells are required to span the length of
the muscle. It differs from both skeletal muscle and smooth muscle in that its cells branch and
are joined to one another viaintercalated disks. Intercalated disks allow communication
between the cells such that there is a sequential contraction of the cells from the bottom of the
ventricle to the top. This makes possible the maximal ejection of blood from the ventricle during
contraction and occurs without nervous innervations to each cell or group of cells.

Cardiac muscle also differs from the other two muscle types in that contraction can occur even
without an initial nervous input. The cells that produce the stimulation for contraction without
nervous input are called thepacemaker cells.









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ied blood cells are the most common cell in blood. They carry oxygen around the body,
from the heart to the extremities. All of the bodies tissues are dependent upon oxygen
from red blood cells Ȃ if the flow is cut off, the tissue dies. The scientific name for a red
blood cell is Dzerythrocyte,dz meaning Dzhollow red cell.dz

ied blood cells get their red color from hemoglobin, which makes up about 97% of the
dry weight of red blood cells, and around 35% of the total weight, including water.
Hemoglobin is a metalloprotein, meaning it is a protein that includes iron as one of its
constituent atoms. In the context of oxygen distribution, hemoglobin contains multiple
chemical Dzslotsdz for storing oxygen. This oxygen is obtained from the heart, where red
blood cells are replenished with oxygen from the lungs.

 

 
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