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AE AEROSPACE

ENGINEERING

GATE 2011

MODEL EXAM

(KEY)

1/27/2011 22

(1) – (b)

(2) – (b)

3(c)

(4) –(c)

(5) – (d)

(6) –(b)

(B is any Point)

Click to edit Master text styles

Second level

● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level

(6) – (b)

(7) – (b)

(8) – (c)

Factor

a) It is traditionally referred to as ‘g’,

because of the relation between

load factor and apparent

acceleration of gravity felt on board

the aircraft.

b) Although, it is traditionally referred

to as ‘g’, it does not take the unit of

acceleration due to gravity (m/s2)1111,

1/27/2011

(9) – (c)

(10) -b

a) The conventional configuration with

a low horizontal tail is a natural

choice since roots of both horizontal

and vertical surfaces are

conveniently attached directly to the

fuselage.

b) In conventional configuration, the

effectiveness of the vertical tail is

http://adg.stanford.edu/aa241/stability/taildesign.html

1/27/2011 1313

11 – (d)

(13)=C

k=1.4

T1 = 323 deg K,

p1= 206785 N/m2

C1= 150 m/s

M2=1

T2=?

C2=?

Is=?

a1 = 360.25 m/s

M1 = C1/a1 = 0.416

To1/T1 = 1.034

T01 = 334 K

To2/T2 = 1.2

T2 = 278 K

a2 = 334.33 K

a2=C2 = 334.33 K

Is = C2/g = 34 s

(14) – (b)

(15) – (d)

3600 cm/s

A 0.6 cm B

2100 cm/s

0.3 cm

2000 cm/s

D C

3800 cm/s

Solution

B C D A

∫

ÑABCD

Vcosθds = ∫ Vcosθds + ∫ Vcosθds + ∫ Vcosθds + ∫ Vcosθds

A B C D

B C D A

∫

ÑABCD

Vcosθds = (3600)(1)∫ ds + (2100)(1)∫ ds + (3800)( −1)∫ ds + (2000)( −1)∫ ds

A B C D

K = Γ = −90cm2 / s (Taking CW as positive)

16 - (d)

states that the circulation (defined as

the line integral of the component of

velocity tangential to the closed

contour) in an inviscid and

incompressible fluid subject to only

conservative forces is constant.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kelvin's_circulation_theorem

http://www.eng.fsu.edu/~dommelen/courses/flm/flm00/topics/vort/node2.html

http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Kelvin's+circulation+theorem

(16)

theorems, named after

Hermann von Helmholtz, describe the

three-dimensional motion of fluid in

the vicinity of vortex filaments. These

theorems apply to inviscid flows and

flows where the influence of

viscous forces is small and can be

ignored.

Helmholtz’s three theorems are as

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmholtz's_theorems

(17) - b

(17) (b)

attached just in front of the wing

leading edge to properly direct the

airflow at the front of the wing to

make it to flow more smoothly over

the upper surface while at a high

angle of attack.

1/27/2011 2525

(18) (b)

(19) - C

encounters a

Bow shock wave

1/27/2011 2727

20 – (d)

Limitations of Airy’s Stress functions

The Airy’s Stress function is applicable only to plane strain or plane stress problem [3].

The Airy’s Stress function can only be used if the body force has a special form [3].

∂Ω ∂Ω

where F = F =

is a scalar function of position, F1 & 1F2 are body forces.

2

∂x1 ∂x2

The Airy’s Stress function approach works best for problems where a solid is subjected to prescribed

tractions on its Ω

boundary, rather than prescribed displacements [3].

2828

21 – (d)

ρ2

= 2.95

ρ1

ρ 2 − ρ1

% change in density =

ρ1

= 195%

22 - C

M 1 = 2.0

T2 = 450K

T1 = ?

T2

= 1.687

T1

T1 = 266.67 K

23 - b

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wave_drag

http://www.answers.com/topic/wave-

drag

24) (a) and 25 (d)

(26) – b , 27 (c)

28 (a)

σ yt

σ n1 =

FS

σ yt

2

σ1 + σ 2 σ −σ 2

+ 1 + τ 2

=

2 2 FS

2

σ1 + σ 2 σ −σ 2

+ 1 + τ = (σ pt )

2

2 2

2

σ1 σ

+ 1 + τ 2 = (σ pt )

2 2

2 2

12730 12730 6365

+ 2

+ 2 = (100 )

2d 2 2 d d

1 12730 12730

2

+ + ( 6365)

2 = (100 )

d2 2 2

15365

2

= 100

d

d = 12.4mm

29 –(C)

(σ yt / 2)

τ max =

FS

(σ yt / 2)

2

σ

1 − σ 2

+ τ =

2

2 FS

(σ yt / FS)

2

σ1 − σ 2

+ τ =

2

2 2

(σ pt )

2

σ1 − σ 2

+ τ =

2

2 2

9000 100

2

=

d 2

d = 13.42mm

30 - b

2

σ1 + σ 2 σ1 − σ 2

σ n1 = + + τ 2

2 2

15635 N

σ n1 =

d 2 mm 2

2

σ1 + σ 2 σ1 − σ 2

σn 2 = − + τ 2

2 2

− 2635 N

σn 2 =

d 2 mm 2

σ n 2 σ yt

σ n1 - =

m FS

σ yt

σ n1 - ν σn 2 =

FS

σ n1 - ν σn 2 = σ pt

16156

2

= 100

d

d = 12.7mm

(31) – b, 32 - d

T/Theta = kt=

GJ/L

k/m kt/I

(33) - c

Given data :

p01 = 100 kPa

T01 = 288K

Dh = 0.13m

Dt = 0.3 m

m = 8 kg/s

N = 16200rpm

beta1 = ??? at tip and root

M1t =???

πDh N m

u1h = = 110.27

60 s

πDt N m

u1t = = 254.47

60 s

πDh N m

u1h = = 110.27

60 s

πDt N m

u1t = = 254.47

60 s

p01 kg

ρ 01 = ρ = = 1.2 3

RT01 m

π 2

A f = ( Dt − Dh )

2

4

A f = 0.0574m 2

kg

m = ρA f C f 1 = 8

s

m

C f 1 = 116.7 = C1

s

2

C

T01 = T1 + 1

2c p

T1 = 281.2 K

γ

p1 T1 γ −1

=

p o1 To1

p1 = 92kPa

34 -d

m

w1h = u + C = 165.29

2

1h

2

f

s

m

w1t = u1t + C f = 282.7

2 2

s

Cf

tan β1h =

u1h

β1h = 48.15

Cf

tan β1t =

u1t

β1t = 25.8

35 –©

m

w1t = u + C

2

1t

2

f1 = 282.63

s

m

a1 = γRT1 = 335.87

s

w1

M1 = = 0.842

a1

36 -

36 - C

ρa = 0.7476kg/ m

3

pa = 55kPa

Ta = 255K

aa = γRTa = 320.09m / s

Ci = 220m / s

Ci

Mi = Ma =

aa

M i = M a = 0.687

T0 a γ −1 2

= 1+ Mi

Ta 2

T0 a

= 1.094

Ta

T0 a = 279.07 K

γ

p0 a T0 a γ −1

=

pa Ta

p0 a = 75.41kPa

a − 1 : Isentropic Process

p01 = p0 a = 75.41kPa

T01 = T0 a = 279.07 K

Compression

γ −1

T02 p02 γ γ −1

= = ( 5) γ

T01 p01

T02

= 1.58

T01

T02 = 441.99 K

p02

=5

p01

p02 = 377.05kPa

Heat Addition

Turbine

Pt = Pc

m a c p (T03 − T04 ) = m a c p (T02 − T01 )

T04 = 1037.08K

γ

p04 T04 γ −1

=

p03 T03

p04 = 226.25kPa

37 - b

γ −1

T5 p5 γ

=

T04 p04

γ −1

T5 pa γ

=

T04 p04

T5 = 692.33K

C5 = C j = 2c p (T04 − T5 )

C j = 832.4m / s

38 - d pc = 7000000 Pa

pa = 102000 Pa (Sea level)

Tc = 2700 K

m = 3kg / s

R = 285 J / kg − K

γ = 1.22

Ce = ???

C* = ?

Ae / A* = ???

γ −1

γ p γ

Ce = 2

RT0 1 − e

= 2132m / s

γ −1 pc

39 - C

T 2

*

=

T

c γ + 1

T = 2432.43K

*

a = C = γRT = 919.6m / s

* * *

γ 2

C* = 2 RT0 1 −

γ −1 γ + 1

C* = γRT * = 919.65m / s

40 - b

γ −1

Te pe γ

=

Tc pc

Te = 1259.4 K

ae = γRTe = 661.75m / s γ +1

2 ( γ −1 )

Ce Ae 1 2 γ −1 2

Me = = 3.224 = + M

ae A*

M γ +1 γ +1

Ae

*

= 8.579

A

41 -a

A single stage turbine has been designed for

following parameters:

Axial velocity : 260 m/s (Ca)

Mean Blade speed : 360 m/s (u)

Nozzle efflux angle : 65° (2)

Stage swirl angle : 10° (3)

Ca

φ=

u

φ = 0.7222

1

= ( tan α 2 − tan β2 )

φ

β2 = 37.2

1

= ( tan β3 − tan α 3 )

φ

β3 = 57.44

42 -b

φ

R = ( tan β3 − tan β 2 )

2

R = 0.291

ψ = φ( tan β3 + tan β 2 )

ψ = 1.67

w

ψ = 2 = 1.677

u

w w

ψ = 2

,

= 2 2 = 2ψ = 3.3547

u /2 u

43 c

Ca

φ=

u

φ = 0.7222

w = uC a ( tan β 2 + tan β3 )

J

w = 217256

kg

44 - b

75

w2

10

w1

U=150 m/s

C2

35

C1

85

1/30/11 7474

Ca2=

75

w2

10 wt

2

2 Ca

2 2 wt

U = 150m/s

1

w1

1

Ca

1 1

ct

C2 2

35 ct

C1 1

Ca1 =

85

1/30/11 7575

T01 = 340 K

Po1 = 185 kPa

1/30/11 7676

(a) Specific work

Ct2 = U – wt2 = 150 – 10 = 140 m/s

= 150 (140-35)

= ???

1/30/11 7777

(a) Specific work

Ct2 = U – wt2 = 150 – 10 = 140 m/s

= 150 (140-35)

= 15,750 J/kg

1/30/11 7878

(b) Static temperature at

exit

w = c p ( T02 − T01 )

T02

w = c pT01 − 1

T01

γ γ−1

w = c pT01 Ro − 1

Assume,η = 100%

Ro = ???

1/30/11 7979

γ −1

w = c p T01 R γ

− 1

o

Assume, η = 100%

R o = 1.1708

1/30/11 8080

γ −1

w = c p T01 R γ

− 1

o

Assume, η = 100%

p 02

Ro = = 1.1708

p 01

p 02

= 1.1708

p 01

p 02 = ???

1/30/11 8181

45 - d

γ γ−1

w = c p T01 R o − 1

Assume, η = 100%

p 02

Ro = = 1.1708

p 01

p 02

= 1.1708

p 01

1/30/11

p 02 = 216.6kPa 8282

w = cp (T02 – T01) if efficiency is

100%

T02 = ???

1/30/11 8383

w = cp (T02 – T01) if efficiency is

100%

T02 = 355.67 K

1/30/11 8484

C =C +C

2

2

2

t2

2

a2

C 2 = ???

2

C

T02 = T2 + 2

2c p

T2 = ???

1/30/11 8585

C =C +C

2

2

2

t2

2

a2

C 2 = 158.82m / s

2

C

T02 = T2 + 2

2c p

T2 = 343.13K

1/30/11 8686

(c) Static pressure at the

exit

γ

p 2 T2 γ −1

=

p 02 T02

p 2 = ???

1/30/11 8787

(c) Static pressure at the

exit

γ

p 2 T2 γ −1

=

p 02 T02

p 2 = 191.00kPa

1/30/11 8888

46 - d

C =C +C

2

1

2

t1

2

a1

C1 = ???

2

C

T01 = T1 + 1

2c p

T1 = ???

1/30/11 8989

C =C +C

2

1

2

t1

2

a1

C1 = 91.92m / s

2

C

T01 = T1 + 1

2c p

T1 = 335.79

1/30/11 9090

γ

p1 T1 γ −1

=

p 01 T01

p1 = ???

1/30/11 9191

γ

p1 T1 γ −1

=

p 01 T01

p1 = 177 kPa

1/30/11 9292

p1

ρ1 =

RT1

ρ1 = ???

1/30/11 9393

p1

ρ1 =

RT1

ρ1 = 1.84kg / m 3

1/30/11 9494

w = w +C

2

1

2

t1

2

a1

w 1 = ???

p 2 − p1

Cp =

1

ρ1w 12

2

C p = ???

1/30/11 9595

w = w +C

2

1

2

t1

2

a1

w 1 = 143m / s

p 2 − p1

Cp =

1

ρ1w 12

2

C p = 0.75

1/30/11 9696

47 – a and 48 -d

49 – a and 50 -d

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