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AE AEROSPACE

ENGINEERING
GATE 2011
MODEL EXAM
(Read the following Instructions
carefully)

1/27/2011 11
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Mark
1/27/2011 all your answer in a plain
22
Instructions : Page 2 of 3

This question paper contains 50


Questions.

Qn 1- 20 carry 1 mark Each

Qn 20- 40 carry 2 mark Each

1/27/2011 33
Make a Score Sheet like one
Below
Qn No Marked Ans Actual Ans Scored Mark Neg. Mark
(if Correct) (2/3 of Mark)

1
2


TOTAL
Calculate Final Score ___________
(Scored – Neg. Mark)

1/27/2011 44
Time Counts from Here

Following 50 Questions must


be Answered in 150 Minutes

1/27/2011 55
QUESTIONS

STARTS FROM HERE…!

1/27/2011 66
Qn 1- 20: Carry One Mark

1/27/2011 77
(1)

In aviation, pressure altitude is

a) the altitude of the atmospheric at


which the pressure is sufficient to
support planform area of the
aircraft.

a) an indicated altitude when an


altimeter is set to an agreed
1/27/2011 88
(2)

Variometers measure
a) the rate of change of altitude by
detecting the change in total air
pressure as altitude changes.
b) the rate of change of altitude by
detecting the change in static air
pressure as altitude changes.
c) the percentage change of forward
speed by detecting the change in
1/27/2011 99
static air pressure as altitude
(3)
In the following Fig

1/27/2011 1010
Line Marked as (AAA) represents
a) Altitude for max range as the
density is low and flying quality is
satisfactory
b) Altitude for max endurance as the
density is low and flying quality is
satisfactory
c) Altitude for pilot ejection as the
aircraft lacks necessary flying
quality above this altitude.
Altitude for pilots special attention 1111
1/27/2011
d)
(4)
In the following payload – range diagram

1/27/2011 1212
Line AB, BC and CD respectively
represents

a) max take weight off limit, Max


payload limit, and max fuel load
limit.
b) max fuel load limit, max payload
limit, and max take off weight limit.
c) max payload limit, max take off
weight limit and max fuel load limit
d) None of the above
1/27/2011 1313
(5)

In a 5-digit airfoils nomenclature :


NACA 23021, the location of the
maximum camber along the chord line
a) 20% of c
b) 30% of c
c) 21% of c
d) 15% of c

1/27/2011 1414
(6)
Wind tunnel data was taken on an airfoil and the
following data taken at the 1/3 chord location:

The location of the aerodynamic center lies at ,


a) 0.213c
b) 0.233c
c) 0.250c
d) 0.333c
1/27/2011 1515
(7)

An aircraft has a wing area of 350 m2


and a wing span of 50 m, the wing
efficiency factor is 0.85, its lift curve
slope (taking a0 as 2 ) will be (in per
radian)
a) 3.725
b) 4.726
c) 5.231
d) 5.316
1/27/2011 1616
(8)

Find the Wrong staement on Load


Factor
a) It is traditionally referred to as ‘g’,
because of the relation between
load factor and apparent
acceleration of gravity felt on board
the aircraft.
b) Although, it is traditionally referred
to as ‘g’, it does not take the unit of
acceleration due to gravity (m/s2)1717,
1/27/2011
(9)

If the wing area is 80 m2, aspect ratio


is 10, the taper ratio 0.3, then the root
and tip chord length (in m),
a) 3.22, 2.14
b) 2.33, 1.26
c) 4.35,1.3
d) 3.14,1.75

1/27/2011 1818
(10)

Find the wrong statement on tail wing


a) The conventional configuration with
a low horizontal tail is a natural
choice since roots of both horizontal
and vertical surfaces are
conveniently attached directly to the
fuselage.
b) In conventional configuration, the
effectiveness of the vertical tail is
less because interference with the
1/27/2011 1919
(11)
Due to the presents of a positive dihedral in the wing, When an aircraft rolls,

a) the lower wing presents a shorter span as seen from the direction of the approaching air, and the
lower wing has reduced angle of attack and hence the effect is to destabilize the aircraft .
b) the lower wing presents a shorter span as seen from the direction of the approaching air, and the
lower wing has increased angle of attack but the net effect is to roll the aircraft back towards the
horizontal stable position.
c) the lower wing presents a larger span as seen from the direction of the approaching air, and the
lower wing has reduced angle of attack but the net effect is to roll the aircraft back towards the
horizontal stable position.
d) the lower wing presents a larger span as seen from the direction of the approaching air, and the
lower wing has increased angle of attack and hence the effect is to roll the aircraft back towards
the horizontal stable position.

1/27/2011 2020
(12)

In rocket testing, air with k=1.4 flows


through a frictionless channel. The speed
of the air increases in the direction of the
flow. At the nozzle entry, the static
temperature is 323 deg K, the static
pressure is 2.06785 bar and the mean
speed is 150 m/s. At the exit (throat
operating at chocking Condition), the
specific impulse is,
a) 34 s
b) 28 s
c) 22 s
d) 18 s
1/27/2011 2121
(13)
With respect to the following Newton's
cannonball Fig, match the table in the
next page

1/27/2011 2222
1 The cannonball is fired with sufficient velocity and the
ball enters into circumnavigating orbit.
2 The firing velocity is higher than circumnavigational
velocity.
3 The cannon fires its ball with a low initial velocity

4 The cannonball is fired with escape velocity.

5 The firing velocity is high but not sufficient to make


successful orbot
a) A4, B5,C1,D2,E3
b) A3, B1,C5,D2,E4
c) A3, B5,C1,D2,E4
d) A3, B2,C1,D5,E4
1/27/2011 2323
14

In the 200 km circular "parking" orbit,


the orbital and escape velocity is
a) 5500, 10800 m/s
b) 7784,11009m/s
c) 8200, 12287 m/s
d) 8324, 11147 m/s

1/27/2011 2424
(15)

ABCD is a rectangular element in which AB


= 0.6 cm and BC=0.3cm. The following
velocities are measured 36 m/s along AB,
21 m/s along BC, 38 m/s along DC and 20
m/s along AD. the circulation round the
element, taking CW as positive, in cm2/s,
a) + 45 b) – 45 c) +90 d) -90

1/27/2011 2525
(16)

Find the wrong statement


a) Helmholtz’s first theorem states that
the strength of a vortex filament is
constant along its length.
b) Helmholtz’s second theorem states
that a vortex filament cannot end in
a fluid; it must extend to the
boundaries of the fluid or form a
closed path
1/27/2011 2626
c) Helmholtz’s third theorem states
(17)

The slat is
a) a spanwise channel cut through the
wing just behind the leading edge to
make airto flow more smoothly over
the upper surface while at a high
angle of attack
b) a small aerofoil shaped device
attached just in front of the wing
leading edge to properly direct the
airflow at the front of the wing 2727
1/27/2011 to
(18)

LAMINAR SUBLAYER is a
a) Thin layer of solid in the vicinity of
the interface where turbulent
fluctuations of solid are damped
b) very thin layer of the fluid where
turbulent fluctuations are damped.
c) very thin layer of the fluid near the
outer boundary layer edge where
turbulent fluctuations are damped
1/27/2011 2828
(19)

In a supersonic flow, a sphere encounters


a
a) Normal shock wave
b) Oblique shock wave
c) Bow shock wave
d) Expansion wave

1/27/2011 2929
(20)

The limitation of Airy’s Stress function


does not include:
a) It is applicable only to plane strain
or plane stress problem
b) It can only be used if the body force
has a special form, in which body
forces are a derivative of a scalar
function of positions.
c) It is approach works best for
1/27/2011 3030
problems where a solid is subjected to
Qns 21 – 40 Carry 2 Marks
Each

1/27/2011 3131
(21)

If the supersonic flow with M 1 = 2.2,


encounters a NSW, the % increase in
density,

a) 95
b)125
c) 155
d)195
1/27/2011 3232
(22)

If the supersonic flow with M 1 = 2,


encounters a NSW and its temperature
becomes 450K after passing through
the NSW, the initial temperature, in K,
is
a) 125
b) 225
c) 267
d) 375
1/27/2011 3333
(23)

Wave drag reduction method includes,


a) Use of subcritical airfoil
b) Use of a swept wing
c) Use of boundrty layer blowing
d) Use of diehedral wing

1/27/2011 3434
Common Data for Qn 24
and 25
If Airy’s stress function is given as

(24)
Then the normal stress in x and y direction is given
as
a) Cx+Dy and Ax + By
b) Cx-Dy and Ax - By
c) Dx+Cy and Bx + Ay
d) Cxy+Dy and Ax + Byx
1/27/2011 3535
(25)

The shear stress is


a) (Bx + Cy)
b)-Bx + Cy
c) Bx - Cy
d) –(Bx + Cy)

1/27/2011 3636
Common Data for Qn 26
and 27
A uniform, thin-walled, cantilever beam of closed
rectangular cross-section has the dimensions shown
in Fig. The shear modulus G of the top and bottom
covers of the beam is 18 000N/mm2 while that of
the vertical webs is 26 000N/mm2.
The beam is
subjected to a
uniformly distributed
torque of 20Nm/mm
along its length.

1/27/2011 3737
(26)

The maximum shear stress, in MPa,


according to the Bred–Batho theory of
torsion.
a) 23
b) 83
c) 92
d) 98

1/27/2011 3838
(27)

The angular twist in deg at the free end,

a) 0.55
b) 1.10
c) 1.46
d) 2.18

1/27/2011 3939
Common Data for Qn 28,
29, and 30
A rod is subjected to 10 kN of axial
load and 5 kN of shear load.

Take : Permissible tensile stress = 100 MPa = 100 N/mm2

Poisson ratio = (1/m) ==0.3


(28)

the dia of rod acc to Max. Principal


Stress Theory
a) 12.4 mm
b) 12.7 mm
c) 13.4 mm
d) 14.6 mm

1/27/2011 4141
(29)

Dia of rod Acc. to Max. Shear Stress


Theory
a) 12.4 mm
b) 12.7 mm
c) 13.4 mm
d) 14.6 mm

1/27/2011 4242
(30)

Dia of rod acc to Max. Principal Strain


Theory
a) 12.4 mm
b) 12.7 mm
c) 13.4 mm
d) 14.6 mm

1/27/2011 4343
Common Data for Qn 31,
and (32)
A disc is mounted on the shaft of 1.5m
and 8mm radius and shaft is made of
material with G=83 Gpa.When it si
rotated by 8 deg, it is found to have a
time period of oscillation as 2.3 sec

1/27/2011 4444
(31)

The angular velocity in rad/s is


a) 1.13
b) 2.73
c) 3.81
d) 4.11

1/27/2011 4545
32

The moment of inertia of the disc, in


kg-m2
a) 18
b) 29
c) 32
d) 48

1/27/2011 4646
Common Data for Qn 33 to
35
A centrifugal flow compressor has a
total pressure ratio of 4:1. The inlet
eye to the compressor impeller is
30cm in diameter. The axial velocity
is 130 m/s and the mass flow 10kg
of air per sec. The velocity in the
delivery duct of the compressor is
115 m/s. The tip speed of the
impeller is 450m/s and runs at
16000 rpm with total isentropic as
78% and pressure co-efficient of
0.72. The ambient conditions are
1.03 kgf/cm2 and 15°C. Calculate 4747
1/27/2011 :
(33)

the static pressure (kPa) and


temperature (K) at the inlet

a) 80, 220
b) 90, 210
c) 90, 280
d) 100, 320

1/27/2011 4848
(34)

Blade angle in deg at the hub and tip


are
a) 25, 38
b) 29, 42
c) 32, 46
d) 48, 26

1/27/2011 4949
(35)

The mach no at the inlet


a) 0.63
b) 0.71
c) 0.84
d) 0.88

1/27/2011 5050
Common Data for Qn 36 to
37
A jet aircraft is flying at an altitude of
4900 m (density=0.0.748 kg/m3),
ambient pressure is 55 kPa and
temperature is 255K. The velocity of
the AC is 792 kmph. The pressure ratio
across the compressor is 5. Take max
temperature 1200K

1/27/2011 5151
(36)

The temperature and pressure at the


exit of the turbine are
a) 880 K and 180 kPa
b) 980 K and 190 kPa
c) 1040 K and 225kPa
d) 1100 K and 250kPa

880 K and 180 kPa 5252


(36)

Determine the velocity (relative to the


AC) of the jet leaving the engine.

1/27/2011 5353
(37)

The velocity (relative to the AC) of the


jet leaving the engine.
a) 770 m/s
b) 832 m/s
c) 928 m/s
d) 988 m/s

1/27/2011 5454
pc = 7000000Pa
pa = 102000Pa (Sea level)
Tc = 2700K
Common m&= 3kg/ s
Data for R = 285J / kg − K
the γ = 1.22
Operating
Rocket are
38

The nozzle exhaust velocity


a) 1825 m/s
b) 1945 m/s
c) 2055 m/s
d) 2130 m/s

1/27/2011 5656
39

The velocity at the throat


a) 725 m/s
b) 850 m/s
c) 920 m/s
d) 990 m/s

1/27/2011 5757
40

The exit Mach No and the expansion


ratio
a) 4.2, 10.4
b) 3.2, 8.6
c) 2.4, 6.8
d) 1.8, 8.6

1/27/2011 5858
Qns 41 – 50 carry 4 Marks
Each

1/27/2011 5959
Common Data for Qn 41,
42, and (43)
A single stage turbine has been designed for
following parameters:

Inlet temperature : 1000K


Axial velocity : 260 m/s
Mean Blade speed : 360 m/s
Nozzle outlet angle : 65°
Stage swirl angle : 10°
(41)

Blade inlet and outlet angles in deg are

a) 37 and 57
c) 17 and 37
d) 17 and 57
e) 37 and 17

1/27/2011 6161
(42)

The degree of reaction and


temperature drop coeff
a) 0.50, 1.67
b) 0.29, 1.67
c) 0.35, 1.16
d) 0.50, 1.16

1/27/2011 6262
(43)

The flow coeff and the specific work


output are
a) 0.35, 110 kJ/kg
b) 0.41, 176 kJ/kg
c) 0.53, 200 kJ/kg
d) 0.72, 217 kJ/kg

1/27/2011 6363
Common Data for 44, 45, 46
At a certain operating condition, the mid radius velocity
triangle for an axial flow compressor are shown in Fig. (in Next
Page) . The stagnation pressure and temperature at inlet are
185 kPa and 340K. Take T01 = 340 K , Po1 = 185 kPa. The mid
radius pressure coeff. Is given by

(p 2 − p1 )
Cp =
1
ρ1w 12

2
1/30/11 6464
75

w2
10

w1

U=150 m/s

C2

35
C1

85

1/30/11 6565
44

The work in kJ per kg and overall


pressure ratio are
a) 10, 1.11
b) 16 , 1.17
c) 21, 1.19
d) 26, 1.22

1/27/2011 6666
45

The static pressure (kPa) and


temperature (K) at the outlet are
a) 110, 98 K
b) 180, 320K
c) 190, 320K
d) 190, 340K

1/27/2011 6767
46

The pressure coeff is


a) 0.25
b) 0.50
c) 0.65
d) 0.75

1/27/2011 6868
47

If Ixx = 16 a3t/3,
Iyy=53a3t/24 and
Ixy= -a3t, for the
section shown,
then x distance of
the shear centre S
with respect to the
intersection of the
web and lower
flange of the thin-
walled
1/27/2011
section as in 6969
48

If Ixx = 16 a3t/3,
Iyy=53a3t/24 and
Ixy= -a3t, for the
section shown,
then y distance of
the shear centre S
with respect to the
intersection of the
web and lower
flange of the thin-
walled
1/27/2011
section as in 7070
Data for Qn 49 and 50

A machine of mass 25 kg is placed on


an elastic foundation and a sinusoidal
force of 25 N is applied. The max
steady state amplitude is found to be
1.3mm, and the time period is 0.22s,

1/27/2011 7171
49

The natural frequency in rad/s is


a) 34
b) 42
c) 56
d) 67

1/27/2011 7272
(50)

The equivalent stiffness, in kN/m2


a) 8
b) 18
c) 22
d) 28

1/27/2011 7373
THE END

NOTE
This Question Paper is not prepared in
the TRUE PATTERN OF GATE, because it
does not include Maths and Other Part.
It is Meant for Practice and for Self 7474
1/27/2011