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GE Energy

Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits


Application Overview
GEI-100538A
This document is distributed for informational purposes only.
It is not to be construed as creating or becoming part of any
General Electric Company contractual or warranty obligation
unless expressly stated in a written sales contract.
 2002 - 2005 by General Electric Company, USA. All rights reserved.
Section Page
Introduction .................................................................................................................3
Acronyms and Abbreviations ......................................................................................3
Product Options ...........................................................................................................4
Architecture .................................................................................................................6
I/O Interface.................................................................................................................8
Diagnostics ................................................................................................................10
Communication .........................................................................................................10
Control Functions ......................................................................................................12
HMI ...........................................................................................................................16
Typical Turbine Instrumentation ...............................................................................18
Packaging ..................................................................................................................19
Typical Power Requirements.....................................................................................20

Ethernet is a registered trademark of Xerox Corporation.


CIMPLICITY is a registered trademark of GE Fanuc Automation North America, Inc.
Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Modbus is a registered trademark of Schneider Automation.
Proximitor is a registered trademark of Bently Nevada.
Introduction
Most existing transmitters, The Mark VI is a fully programmable gas turbine controller with its own power
sensors, and switches are supply, processor, communications, and I/O for turbine control, and protection.
compatible with the Mark Critical functions, such as emergency overspeed, redundant exhaust over-
VI I/O, and, in some cases, temperature protection, and backup synchronous check protection are provided by
the I/O is totally the backup protection module.
compatible.
Application software is derived from current control and protection algorithms,
originally designed for new gas turbines, and modified only where it is necessary for
compatibility with the existing site conditions. In addition, the controller has the
speed and capacity to implement many new advanced features such as Dry Low
NOx technology. All Mark VI controllers are shipped with application software and
display software.

Acronyms and Abbreviations


ADL Asynchronous Drives Language
DCS Distributed Control System
®
EGD Ethernet Global Data
FSR Fuel Stroke Reference
GSM GE Standard Messages
GUI Graphical User Interface
HMI Human-Machine Interface
LVDT Linear Variable Differential Transformer
PDH Plant Data Highway
rms root mean square
RTD Resistance Temperature Detector
TMR Triple Modular Redundant
UDH Unit Data Highway
UPS uninterruptible power supply
VME VERSA module Eurocard

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 3


Product Options
The Mark VI controller is available in two state-of-the-art types: simplex and Triple
Modular Redundant (TMR). These vary in cabinet size and I/O configuration
based on the turbine type, application (generator or mechanical drive), and I/O
required at a particular site.
A simplex controller is available in two sizes:
• 36”x 36” (900 mm x 900 mm), which fits into the standard Mark I or Mark II
controller footprint
• 54”x 36” (1350 mm x 900 mm), which fits into the standard Mark II with ITS
controller footprint. This version also provides increased I/O capacity, as well as
a redundant VME rack-power supply.
The standard size of the TMR unit is 54”x 36” (1350 mm x 900 mm), which fits into
the standard Mark IV controller footprint (refer to the following diagram).

4 • Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits GEI-100538A Application Overview


Communication from Control Module:
Serial Modbus Slave
Serial Modbus Master
Ethernet TCP-IP Modbus Slave Control Emergency Overspeed
Ethernet UDP-IP (UDH) Protection Emergency Overtemp
Monitoring Backup Synch Check
Devices on UDH:
HMI, EX2000, Mark VI <P>
Protection Module
<R> Control Module

P.S.
X CPU
P I/O
S

Additional
Communications Ethernet - IONet
(if required)
TMR only
<S> Control Module

P.S.
Y CPU
P I/O
S

Additional
Communications Ethernet - IONet
(if required)

<T> Control Module

P.S.
Z CPU
P I/O
S

Ethernet - IONet

System Architecture

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 5


Architecture
Scalable hardware and software make the Mark VI architecture well-suited for gas
turbine control retrofits.
A TMR system is generally The TMR and simplex versions of the Mark VI controller have equivalent control
recommended for base load, and turbine protection capabilities. The primary difference is running reliability.
DLN, and cogen Running reliability is based on the percent of I/O used in the system, the percent of
applications. I/O classified as critical, and the amount of redundancy.

TMR systems have the highest running reliability, represented by a longer Mean
Time Between Forced Outage (MTBFO) than other types of controllers.
Select a TMR system when:
• Co-generation (cogen) plants where the gas turbine exhaust is the only source of
heat to generate steam for the production process and steam turbines
• Turbines are equipped with triplicated field devices, for maximized running
reliability
• Dry Low NOx (DLN) combustion system upgrades, where instrumentation
standards often require more replicated field devices than standard combustion
systems
• Generator drive applications that require continuous base-load operation
• Mechanical drive applications where compressors or pumps are critical to the
production process
Select a simplex system when:
• Using non-base load applications that are not critical to other plant processes
• Customer operating experience indicates this system is adequate

6 • Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits GEI-100538A Application Overview


s=.

Mark VI Simplex 36" by 36" Cabinet

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 7


I/O Interface
Terminations support the The Mark VI is designed for direct interface to turbine and generator devices such as
existing #12 AWG (3.0 vibration sensors, flame scanners, linear variable differential transformers (LVDT),
mm2) wires at site with magnetic speed pickups, thermocouples, and resistance temperature detectors
barrier type terminal blocks (RTD). Direct monitoring of these sensors reduces the need for interposing devices
for ease of maintenance. with their associated single-point failures. Direct connection to a field device reduces
long-term maintenance, and enables diagnostics to directly monitor the health of
devices mounted on the machinery.
Contact inputs are normally powered from the 125 V dc battery bus (optional 24
and 48 V dc) through the Mark VI termination boards. Each contact input is optically
isolated and has a 1ms time stamp for Sequence of Events (SOE) monitoring.
Terminations for existing contact inputs can be replaced 1-for-1 or split up for
greater alarm resolution. For example, instead of having several field contacts wired
to a single contact input for the Lube System Trouble alarm on the enunciator
window, they can be separated into multiple contact inputs to provide a separate
alarm message for each problem in the lube oil system.
Diagnostics monitor the Contact outputs are from plug-in, magnetic relays with dry, Form-C, contact
secondary side of each fuse. outputs. Turbine solenoids are normally powered from the 125 V dc battery bus with
suppression for each solenoid with a 3.2 A slow-blow fuse on each side of the feeder
circuit.
Analog inputs monitor 4 – 20 mA (250 Ω), which can be configured for self-
powered, differential inputs, or as sensors that use a +24 V dc supply from the Mark
VI. Selected inputs can be configured for 0 – 1mA inputs (5,000 Ω) or ±5, 10 V dc
inputs. This interfaces to
• existing 0 – 1mA generator MW and MVAR transducers
• existing Dynesco-type gas fuel pressure and compressor discharge pressure
transducers with ±12 V dc supply and 0 – 5 V dc inputs
Most Mark II generator drive systems already have these transducers; however,
Mark I systems do not. Compressor discharge pressure biases the temperature
control system to improve turbine operation.
Analog outputs can be configured for 4 – 20 mA output (500 Ω maximum) or 0 –
200 mA output (50 Ω maximum).
Thermocouple inputs can be grounded or ungrounded. Software linearization is
provided for type J and K thermocouples used on GE gas turbines plus types E, S, or
T thermocouples. Existing control and overtemperature thermocouples are retained
and divided between the Mark VI controller and the backup protection module for
temperature control and overtemperature protection, respectively.
RTD inputs can be grounded or ungrounded. Software linearization is provided for
10 Ω copper, 100/200 Ω platinum, or 120 Ω nickel RTDs. The generator or load
compressor RTDs can be monitored directly by the Mark VI with all turbine and
driven-load temperatures being collected in a common database with other turbine-
generator parameters.

8 • Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits GEI-100538A Application Overview


Speed inputs. Redundant, passive, magnetic speed sensors provide an input to the
control module(s) for speed control and overspeed protection. Emergency overspeed
protection is provided electronically; mechanically on older turbines. A separate
backup protection module is provided with separate power supplies, processors, and
I/O cards to provide enhanced machine protection. Overspeed detection by either the
primary or emergency electronic trip systems or the mechanical overspeed bolt
automatically de-energizes the hydraulic solenoids.
Flame inputs. A direct interface is provided for ultra-violet flame scanners that
produce a pulsed output. This eliminates any interposing transducers and enables the
diagnostics to monitor the actual light level. An alarm is initiated if the light level
diminishes below an acceptable level due to carbon or other deposits on the scanner
window.
Integrating servo interface. The Mark VI provides a direct interface to the bipolar
servo actuator and LVDT valve position feedback. Bi-polar integrating servo current
outputs are provided in 10, 20, 40, 80, and 120 mA ranges for fuel valves and Inlet
Guide Vane (IGV) control. Mark VI LVDT excitation is 7.0 Vrms at 3.2 kHz. Pulse
rate inputs are also provided for servo control loops using liquid fuel-flow, pulse-rate
feedback.
Vibration protection. A direct interface is provided for vibration protection sensors,
which are required to trip the turbine. This includes seismic (velocity) type sensors
used on heavy-duty gas turbines and accelerometers on aircraft-derivative gas
turbines. This eliminates the single-point failure of a separate monitoring system, and
allows Mark VI diagnostics to monitor seismic sensors when the turbine is running
or stopped. Aircraft derivative applications primarily use accelerometers, which
produce a velocity signal from external charge amplifiers. The Mark VI contains
speed-tracking filters to isolate the appropriate vibration frequencies of each shaft for
the display, alarm, and trip.
®
Proximitor monitoring provides monitoring and protection for GE gas-turbine
applications. Mark VI provides a direct interface to the keyphasor, radial proximitor,
and axial proximitor inputs, which are collected in a common database with turbine
parameters. The fundamental (1X), first harmonic (2X), and composite vibration
signals are collected by the Mark VI and displayed with both magnitude and phase
angle on the Human-Machine Interface (HMI). Active isolators provide buffered
outputs to BNC connectors on the Mark VI termination boards for temporary
connection to portable analysis equipment.
The PTs are paralleled to Synchronizing interface includes one generator PT and one line PT to match the
the backup protection generator frequency (turbine speed) to the line frequency and match the generator
module for redundant voltage to the line voltage through commands to the generator excitation control.
backup synch check The Mark VI monitors actual breaker closure time and self-corrects each time the
protection. breaker closes.

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 9


Diagnostics
Mark VI diagnostics include power-up, background, and manually initiated
diagnostic routines capable of identifying both control panel, sensor, and output
device faults. These faults are identified down to the VME board and terminal board
level for the panel, and to the circuit level for sensors and actuators.

Communication
The Mark VI uses the following communication networks.
• I/O Net is an Ethernet-based network between a control module, the three
sections of the backup protection module, and expansion I/O modules (if
required). I/O Net uses Asynchronous Drives Language (ADL) to poll the
modules for data instead of using the typical collision detection techniques used
in Ethernet LANs.
• Unit Data Highwat (UDH) is an Ethernet-based network that provides peer-to-
peer communication between the Mark VI and a GE generator excitation
control. The network uses Ethernet Global Data (EGD), a message-based
protocol with support for sharing information with multiple nodes based on the
UDP/IP standard. Data can be transmitted unicast or broadcast to peer
controllers on a network with up to 10 network nodes at 25 Hz.
Refer to the section, HMI, The Mark VI can communicate to a GE HMI or directly with a plant Distributed
for information on the user Control System (DCS) network or Plant Data Highway (PDH) through Ethernet
interface. ®
serial Modbus slave/master, Ethernet TCP/IP Modbus slave, or Ethernet TCP/IP
with GE Energy Standard Messages (GSM).
GSM is only available from a Mark VI HMI; its protocol provides
• Administration messages
• Spontaneous event-driven messages (with local time tags)
• Periodic group data messages at rates to one second
• Common request messages

10 • Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits GEI-100538A Application Overview


Plant Data Highway

Ethernet TCP/IP GSM


Plant DCS Ethernet TCP/IP Modbus
Ethernet TCP/IP RS-232C/RS-485 Modbus
Modbus
IRIG-B
RS-232C/RS-485 Time Sync
Modbus
HMI HMI
Operator Operator
Station Station

Ethernet UDP/IP
Unit Data Highway

Gas Turbine Generator


Control Excitation
Mark VI EX2100

Typical Network for Mark VI and EX2100 with Direct Connect to DCS Option

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 11


Control Functions
The control functions below are typical for a single-shaft generator drive application.
Nozzle control for two-shaft machines and load compressor controls are also
supported by Mark VI.
Startup control is an open-loop system that increases the fuel stroke reference as the
turbine startup sequence progresses to preassigned plateaus.
Acceleration control adjusts the fuel stroke reference according to the rate of
change of the turbine speed to reduce the thermal shock to the hot gas path parts of
the turbine.
Speed control uses the median speed from three speed sensors for droop and
isochronous speed control with an automatic transfer to isochronous upon loss of the
tie-line breaker. Separate shaft speed-control algorithms are provided for each shaft
in multi-shaft machine applications. The Mark VI varies shaft speed to control real
power (megawatt) output in a mechanical (compressor or pump) drive application. In
a generator drive application, the Mark VI maintains a constant generator shaft speed
to meet the electrical power demand and also controls the generator field through the
use of VAR/Power Factor (PF) control algorithms to generate excitation raise and
lower commands.
Generator load control compares the load setpoint with the MW feedback from a
single-phase transducer and adjusts the speed setpoint to regulate the load. A
Spinning Reserve selection allows the machine to start automatically and await an
operator input to synchronize to the grid. Selection of Fast Load Start or Pre-
selected Load raises the output to the Pre-selected Load setpoint limit. Selection of
base or peak raises this setpoint to the maximum limit.
Exhaust temperature control algorithms sort the input from each thermocouple
from the highest to the lowest temperature. They automatically reject bad
thermocouple data, average the remaining data values, and execute the control
algorithm based upon the average calculated temperature. Redundant transducers
monitor the compressor discharge pressure and bias the temperature control to
correct for ambient conditions and the corresponding variations in mass flow.
Inlet guide vane control modulates the position of the compressor stator vanes to
provide optimum compressor and unit operation. During startup, the guide vanes
open as the turbine speed increases. When the unit is online, the guide vanes
modulate to control turbine airflow temperature to optimize combustion system and
combine-cycle performance.
Fuel control is a reference from the governor and feedback of the fuel control
valves. The Fuel Stroke Reference (FSR) is determined by the turbine parameter
(speed, temperature, and so on) calling for the least fuel. FSR calculation occurs in
the main processor, then is transmitted to the servo valve cards on the backplane of
the control module(s). Liquid fuel control establishes the FSR of the bypass valve.
Fuel flow is proportional to the speed (Fuel Flow = Speed X FSR). Gas fuel control
uses a Gas Control Valve (GCV), where fuel flow is a function of pressure (Fuel
Flow = Fuel Pressure X FSR). An added Stop/speed Ratio Valve (SRV) opens as a
turbine speed function, so pressure becomes a function of speed and the liquid fuel
control system and the gas fuel control systems have the same characteristic.

12 • Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits GEI-100538A Application Overview


Emissions control is available with diluent (water or steam) injection through a
multi-nozzle quiet combustor to quench flame temperature and reduce thermal NOx
formation. Lean-burning, pre-mixed flame combustors are available for lower NOx
levels without the need for water or steam injection called Dry Low NOx (DLN).
Load compressor control adjusts the turbine power output (speed) and provides
valve sequencing and surge control to optimize compressor operation.
Generator excitation control for voltage matching during synchronization and
VAR/PF control after breaker closure can be integrated into the turbine control.
When a reference or setpoint is entered, feedback from a single-phase VAR
transducer regulates the setpoint in the Mark VI. Mark VI calculates PF from MW
and MVAR inputs, or an external PF transducer can be connected to the Mark VI.
Setpoints are transmitted from the turbine control to the generator excitation control.

Control Module Gas Fuel

Termination Stop/Speed
Main Processor VCMI VSVO Card
Board Ratio Valve
Card
Constants
FPRG
Software Servo
Logic D/A
Regulator 90SR
TSVO
TNH (Speed) +
A/D LVDT
-
96SR

Gas Fuel
Pressure
VAIC Card TBAI
D/A 96FG

Gas Control
VSVO Card
Valve
Logic
FSROUT
Software Servo
D/A
Regulator 65GC
TSVO

A/D LVDT
96GC
FSR2

Combustion
Logic Chamber
Fuel
FSR Splitter

Stop/Speed
Ratio Valve
FSR1 Pulse Flow
A/D
77FD Divider

VSVO Card TSVO


FSROUT
TNH (Speed)
Logic Software Servo
D/A
Regulator 65FP

Liquid Fuel

Typical Dual Fuel Control System

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 13


Sequencing
Turbine control can include automated startup and shutdown sequences customized
to meet operator requirements, as well as control and monitoring of all gas turbine
auxiliary and support systems. Operators can have the turbine automatically
sequence to intermediate hold points by selecting Crank, Fire, or Auto without
enabling automatic synchronization. All ramp rates and time delays are pre-
programmed for optimum performance. Timers and counters record long-term
turbine operating information that can include:
• Total fired time
• Separate DLN operating mode timers
• Manually initiated starts
• Total starts
• Fast load starts
• Fired starts
• Emergency trips
This automation enables gas-turbine operation from a remote site with the assurance
that the turbine fully protected. Diagnostics capture a record of any abnormal
conditions.

Protection
Turbine control monitors all control and protection parameters and initiates an alarm
if an abnormal condition is detected. If the condition exceeds a predefined trip level,
the turbine control drives the gas/liquid control valves to a zero-flow position and de-
energizes the fuel shut-off solenoids. All control, protection, and monitoring
algorithms are contained in the control modules for efficiency in sharing common
data. The protection module includes standard backup turbine protection that meets
OEM tripping reliability requirements for turbine overspeed, overtemperature, and
sync-check protection.
In a typical installation, a trip solenoid is powered from the 125 V dc floating battery
bus with:
Contacts from the control module in series with the negative side of the bus
Contacts from the backup protection module in series with the positive side of
the bus
Additionally, diagnostic and Diagnostics monitor:
trip data is communicated
between the control module Contact from each relay
and the backup protection Voltage directly across the trip solenoid
modules on the triple
redundant I/O Nets for Overspeed protection includes a primary overspeed monitoring system in the three
cross-tripping. control modules and an emergency overspeed monitoring system in the backup
protection module that replaces the mechanical overspeed bolt used on older
turbines. The control module and each section of the backup protection module
monitors magnetic speed sensors from 2.0 rpm on a 60-tooth wheel. Diagnostics
monitor the speed and acceleration, then exchange the data between the control
module and the protection module on startup to verify that all sensors are active.

14 • Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits GEI-100538A Application Overview


Typical gas turbine trip protection system

Trips Types
Pre-ignition Auxiliary check (Servos)
Seal oil dc motor undervoltage
dc lube oil pump undervoltage
Startup fuel flow excessive
Failure to ignite
Post-ignition Loss of flame
High exhaust temperature
Exhaust thermocouples open
Compressor bleed valve position trouble
Load tunnel temperature high
Gas fuel hydraulic pressure low
Turbine lube oil header temperature high
Turbine electronic overspeed
Protective Status Starting device trouble
Inlet guide vane trouble
Manual trip
Control speed signal lost
Exhaust pressure high
Protective speed signal trouble
Control speed signal trouble
Breaker failure trip lockout
Vibration trip
Loss of protection HP speed inputs
Customer trip
Control system fault
Low lube oil pressure
Fire indication
Generator lockout trip

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 15


HMI
®
The HMI or user interface is provided through a GE CIMPLICITY graphics
® ®
window with unit-specific screens, a Microsoft Windows operating system, and a
Control Systems Toolbox with editors for application software. It can be applied as:
• Primary user interface for single or multiple units
• Gateway for communication links to other controllers
• Permanent or temporary maintenance station
• Engineering workstation
All control and protection is resident in the Mark VI controller, which allows the
HMI to be a non-essential component. With the turbine running, it can be
reinitialized or replaced with no impact on the controller. The HMI communicates
with the processor in the controller through the UDH.
Gas turbine control screens show a diagram of the turbine with the primary control
parameters. The diagram is repeated on most of the screens to provide a visual image
of the turbine’s performance while changing screens.
Typical Gas Turbine Screens

Control Monitor
Screens Screens Auxiliaries Tests
Startup Bearing Flame Overspeed
temperature test
Motors Exhaust Water wash
temperature
FSR control Generator RTDs Start check
Generator/exciter Wheelspace Trip diagram
temperature
Synchronizing Seismic vibration Timers
Buttons on the right side of The main screen is the Startup screen. Since the gas turbine control provides fully
all screens produce sub- automatic startup including all interfaces to auxiliary systems, all basic commands
menus of category-specific and all primary control parameters and status conditions start from this screen.
screens.
For example, the Start command can be sent to the Mark VI when Ready to Start
displays in the startup status field. A pop-up window displays above the Start-up
button for verification. Upon verification, the application software checks the startup
permissives and starts a sequence that displays Starting and Sequence in Progress
messages.
If startup permissives were not satisfied, the message Not Ready to Start displays,
with a message in the alarm field that identifies the reason. Additionally, when the
Aux button is clicked and the Start Check screen is selected, it displays graphical
information for the Start Check/Ready to Start permissives.
A message reminds you to Trip conditions that display in the alarm field and in the Trip Diagram are accessed
investigate the nature of the by clicking the Aux button and selecting the Trip Diagram screen. A trip during
latched trip prior to clicking startup causes the message Not Ready to Start.
Master Reset.

16 • Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits GEI-100538A Application Overview


Mark VI also allows you to change a numeric setpoint, such as Megawatts (MW) for
a generator drive or Speed Reference (TNPREF) for a mechanical drive, by entering
a setpoint value rather than issuing continuous discrete raise/lower commands. The
Mark VI application compares the requested setpoint with acceptable limits and the
present output to determine a suitable ramp rate to the new target.
The Mark VI supports trending displays for comparing operating parameters. A
startup trend can be set with pre-assigned parameters, such as mean Exhaust Gas
Temperature (EGT), speed, maximum vibration, Compressor Discharge Pressure
(CPD), and Fuel Stroke Reference (FSR). More detailed information and trending are
provided on supporting screens, along with the capability to create customized
trends.


0—
o 00
000
vi a
o

Typical Turbine Instrumentation

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 17


Typical Turbine Instrumentation
Analog and digital devices found on a typical dual fuel gas turbine without emission
suppression are provided in the following tables.
Analog Turbine Devices

Device Parameter Device Type


28FD Flame detector Flame scanner
39V-x Vibration sensor Velocity pickup
65FP Liquid fuel pump servo Torque motor
65GC Gas control valve servo Torque motor
65NZ Nozzle control servo (2-shaft only) Torque motor
77FD Liquid fuel flow Magnetic pickup
77NH High Pressure shaft speed Magnetic pickup
77NL Low Pressure shaft speed (2-shaft) Magnetic pickup
90SR Gas ratio valve servo Torque motor
90TV Inlet guide vane servo Torque motor
96FG-2 Gas fuel control pressure Transducer
96GC Gas control valve LVDT
96NC Nozzle control (2-shaft only) LVDT
96SR Gas ratio valve LVDT
96TV Inlet guide vane LVDT
CTDA Compressor discharge temperature Thermocouple
CTIF Compressor inlet temperature Thermocouple
TTWS-x GT wheelspace temperature Thermocouple
TTXD-x GT exhaust temperature Thermocouple

18 • Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits GEI-100538A Application Overview


Digital Turbine Devices

Device Parameter Device Type


12HA Mechanical overspeed bolt sensor Limit switch
20FG Gas fuel trip oil Solenoid valve
20FL Liquid fuel trip oil Solenoid valve
26FD Liquid fuel temperature Temperature switch
26QA/T Lube oil temperature high alarm / trip Temperature switch
26QL/M Lube oil temperature low / moderate Temperature switch
26QN Lube oil temperature normal Temperature switch
33CS Starting clutch Limit switch
33FL Liquid fuel stop valve position Limit switch
33HR Ratchet position Limit switch
45F-x Fire detector Temperature switch
63AD Atomizing air differential pressure Pressure switch
63FD Liquid fuel pressure Pressure switch
63FG Gas fuel pressure Pressure switch
63HG Gas fuel trip oil pressure Pressure switch
63HL Liquid fuel trip oil pressure Pressure switch
63LF1 Liquid fuel filter pressure Pressure switch
63LF2 Liquid fuel forwarding filter pressure Pressure switch
63QA/T Lube oil header / bearing pressure Pressure switch
63QL Lube oil pressure Pressure switch
63TF Inlet filter pressure Pressure switch
71QH Lube tank high level Pressure switch
71QL Lube tank low level Level switch
71WL Water tank low level Level switch

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 19


Packaging
Mark VI packages can be customized to meet any site requirement. Package options
that fit into the Mark I, Mark II and Mark IV footprints are shown below.

Component Description
Card Backplane VME type (VERSA module Eurocard)
Cabinet NEMA 1 convection cooled, similar to IP-20
Cable Entrance Top and/or bottom
Material Sheet steel
Terminal Blocks 24-point, barrier type terminal blocks that can be unplugged for
maintenance. Each screw can terminate two #12 AWG (3.0
mm2), 300-volt insulated wires.
Width Depth Height Weight
Dimensions
- Cabinet Option #1 36" (900 mm) 36" (900 mm) 91.5" (2,324 mm) 1300 lbs
(590 Kg)
- Cabinet Option #2
54" (1350 mm) 36" (900 mm) 91.5" (2,324 mm) 1600 lbs
(725 Kg)

GEI-100538A Mark VI for Gas Turbine Control Retrofits • 19


Typical Power Requirements
The control cabinet is powered from a 125 V dc battery bus that is normally short-
circuit protected in the motor control center. Both sides of the floating 125 V dc bus
are continuously monitored for grounding. A floating bus eliminates the need for the
dc ground relay and dc under-voltage relay present in older controllers. The 125 V dc
bus is fuse-isolated in the Mark VI power distribution module and sent to:
• VME rack power supply for each control module
• Termination boards for the field contact inputs and the turbine solenoids
A separate Additional 3.2 A fuse protection is provided on the termination board for each
uninterruptible power solenoid. A 120 V ac feed is provided for ignition transformers. Control cabinet
supply (UPS) is required power specifications are shown below.
to power the HMI and
network equipment.

Steady-state Voltage Frequency Load Comments


125 V dc (100 to 145 V dc) 10 A dc Ripple <= 5% (Add 0.5 A dc continuous for each dc
solenoid.)
120 V ac (105 to 132 V ac) 47 - 63 Hz 15 A rms Harmonic distortion < 7% (Add 6.0 A rms for a
continuously powered ignition transformer.)
240 V ac (210 to 264 V ac) 47 - 63 Hz 7.5 A rms Harmonic distortion < 7% (Add 3.5 A rms for a
continuously powered ignition transformer.)
g GE Energy
1502 Roanoke Blvd.
Salem, VA 24153-6492 USA

+1 540 387 7000


www.geenergy.com
GEI-100538A
Revised 051109
Issued 020525