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Final

HISTORICAL RECORDS RESEARCH


SOURCES CONTACTED

OTIS AIR NATIONAL GUARD BASE


FALMOUTH, MA

Prepared For:

United States Air Force

Prepared By:
United States Army Corps of Engineers
Omaha District

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HISTORICAL RECORDS RESEARCH SOURCES CONTACTED


OTIS AIR NATIONAL GUARD BASE
FALMOUTH, MA

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Historical Records Research (HRR) was conducted at off-site and non-local information
repositories for Otis Air National Guard Base (ANGB) as part of the United States (U.S.) Air
Force Military Munitions Response Program (MMRP) HRR at 137 Air Force Installations.
Searches at all sources listed in this report were also conducted for previous names identified for,
or associated with, Otis ANGB throughout the history of the installation. The HRR evaluated
historical documents associated with the historical boundaries of Otis ANGB including areas that
may be outside of the current boundaries of the installation.

Background on the CSE/MMRP

At Otis ANGB and across the country, the U.S. Armed Forces have historically conducted live-
firing, weapons testing, and munitions disposal to ensure military readiness. Decades of these
munitions-related activities have resulted in the presence of unexploded ordnance (UXO),
discarded military munitions (DMM), and Munitions Constituents (MC) on ranges and disposal
areas throughout the country. UXO, DMM, and other materials potentially presenting an
explosive hazard (MPPEH) are referred to as Munitions and Explosives of Concern (MEC). Due
to changes in military structure and locations of installations, the military is currently using many
of these ranges and disposal areas in ways that may be incompatible with the presence of MEC
or MC contamination.

In 1986, Congress created the Defense Environmental Restoration Program to clean up sites
owned or used by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). For nearly 20 years, this program has
focused on cleanup of hazardous chemicals (e.g., solvents, oils, pesticides) in environmental
media. In September 2001, DoD established the MMRP to address hazards associated with
MEC and MC within areas that are no longer used for operational range activities. These non-
operational range areas are called Munitions Response Areas (MRAs) and may encompass one
or more discrete munitions response sites (MRSs). The goal of the Air Force MMRP is to make
MRAs safe for reuse while protecting human health and the environment. In December 2001,
the Congress passed the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 that required
DoD to develop and maintain an inventory of MRSs. This requirement is codified in Title 10,
Section 2710 of the U.S. Code (10 USC 2710).

A critical component of the Air Force MMRP is the Comprehensive Site Evaluation (CSE),
which serves as the initial assessment of MRAs pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental
Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the National Oil and Hazardous
Substance Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP). The Air Force is implementing the CSE in two
phases. The CSE Phase I fulfills the requirements of the CERCLA Preliminary Assessment and
Phase II fulfills the requirements of the CERCLA Site Investigation. This HRR-SC Report is an
initial step to conducting the CSE Phases I and II. Research conducted for this HRR-SC Report

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was designed to identify information available from sources external to the installation and local
information sources. If potential MRAs are identified as a result of this research, a full CSE
Phase I investigation may be performed. The CSE Phase I includes a site inspection, which
incorporates a review of on-site data repositories, field reconnaissance of potential MRAs,
interviews with appropriate personnel, and a review of local information sources. The 137 Air
Force installations included in this HRR search have no identified MRAs, and the purpose of the
HRR for these installations is to systematically evaluate each installation to provide assurance
that MRAs have not been missed or omitted from the MMRP. The information collected during
the HRR will be utilized to make a recommendation that an installation should proceed to a CSE
Phase I or that historical documentation indicates potential MMRP sites are not associated with
the installation. If evidence of MMRP sites is found, the installation will go through the CSE
Phase I/Site Inspection process, at a minimum.

Background on Otis ANGB

Otis ANGB is an Air National Guard installation located within the Massachusetts Military
Reservation (MMR), a military training facility, located on the upper western portion of Cape
Cod, in Falmouth, Barnstable County, MA. It was previously known as Otis Air Force Base
(AFB) prior to its transfer from the active duty Air Force to the Air National Guard. In the
community, it is also known as Otis Air Base or more commonly by its old name, Otis AFB.
The Air National Guard Resource Book for 2008 listed six Air National Guard Units at the Otis
ANGB: 102nd Fighter Wing, 101st Flight Squadron, 202nd Weather Flight, 253rd Combat
Communications Group, 267th Combat Communications Squadron, and 567th Band.

The host unit on Otis ANGB is the 102nd Intelligence Wing, an Air Combat Command (ACC)-
gained unit of the Massachusetts Air National Guard. Part of the facility is also called Cape Cod
Air Force Station (Cape Cod AFS), as well Coast Guard Air Station Cape Cod (CGAS Cape
Cod), operating the HU-25 Guardian and HH-60J Jayhawk.

NOTE: The property known as Otis ANGB today has undergone changes to its boundary over
time. At one time, it included a much larger portion of the area surrounding its current
boundaries. Today Camp Edwards occupies those areas. The area that Camp Edwards occupies
today has MMRP sites that were once inside the Otis AFB boundary. As a result, this HRR-SC
Report focuses only on that property within the current day Otis ANGB boundary. The
following history, taken from the Massachusetts National Guard web site, discusses Camp
Edwards, the MMR, and Otis ANGB to assist in understanding the overlap of boundaries and
activities.

History Pre World War II - The history of Massachusetts National Guard training on Upper
Cape Cod extends back to 1908, when soldiers conducted weekend and annual training in the
woods to the south and west of present-day MMR. In 1931, the Adjutant-General of
Massachusetts appointed a board of six Army National Guard officers to find a new campsite, as
Camp Devens was deemed too small for required training. In 1933, Cape Cod was initially
identified as a viable area for the new camp, to mixed reaction from the local communities.
Feasibility assessments, and letters for and against the proposed military reservation, continued
to be presented to the Commonwealth and the War Department through April 1935, when then

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Governor James Curley signed a bill to appropriate funds for the purchase of a campsite and to
establish a Military Reservation Commission. In September of that year, the War Department
approved acquisition (purchase or lease) of up to 200,000 acres of land in Cape Cod for military
training.

As early as the summer of 1936, Massachusetts National Guard units began formal training at the
new camp, setting up large tent camps just north of the proposed cantonment area. These early
troops were generally poorly equipped, often wearing World War I uniforms and using wooden
guns or Enfield rifles for training exercises.

The Construction Years, 1935 to 1940 - Between 1935 and 1940, the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts and the Federal Government, primarily using Works Project Administration
(WPA) funds, constructed 63 buildings (all but Buildings 102 and the old Williams Hospital
have since been demolished) and two 500-foot wide turf runways at Otis Field. In July 1938,
then Governor Charles Hurley dedicated Camp Edwards, naming it in honor of Major General
Clarence Edwards, former commander of the 26th (Yankee) Division. Otis Field was named
after 1LT Frank J. Otis, 26th (Yankee) Division Aviation, killed while on a cross-country flight.

In 1940, the U.S. Army leased Camp Edwards and undertook a major World War II mobilization
construction program. The project was completed in a mere 125 days (September 1940 to
January 1941) and served as the national prototype for other camps built using the 700 series
drawings.

Otis Field - In 1941, the 101st Observation Squadron, Massachusetts National Guard, which had
been at Jeffries Field, East Boston (now Logan International Airport), was inducted into Federal
service and moved to Otis Field. It served the Ninth Air Force as a reconnaissance unit. Otis
Field's first concrete runways were laid in 1942, and were lengthened and widened in 1943 in
response to technological developments of U.S. aircraft.

As the primary reconnaissance efforts from MMR involved sea patrols for enemy vessels, the
objective of the MMR mission was to provide offshore submarine patrols. The U.S. Army Air
Corps 14th Anti-Submarine Patrol Squadron operated from MMR between 1941 and 1943, and,
during 1944, all reconnaissance missions from Otis Field became the responsibility of the U.S.
Navy.

Deactivated in 1946 and moved to caretaker status by the Army, the MMR was used primarily
for training activities by the Army National Guard and Air National Guard. Also in 1946, the
runway was extended to 8,000 feet to support larger, heavier aircraft, and the 101st Observation
Squadron was reactivated as a National Guard unit. In 1947, after the Department of Defense
created the U.S. Air Force as a separate military branch, the Air Defense Command (ADC)
assumed primary responsibility for continental defense against air attack. The Strategic Air
Command (SAC) was responsible for operation of the long-range bomber aircraft. The
relationship of the U.S. Air Force to the National Guard was established at this time, when the
Air National Guard agreed to take on localized air defense of industrialized regions of the U.S.
In 1948, the U.S. Air Force obtained control of Otis Field (renamed Otis AFB) for an air-defense
mission and assigned a fighter interceptor unit.

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Camp Edwards was reactivated in 1950 for troop training support during the Korean conflict,
and numbers approached World War II levels. In 1954, Congress authorized the transfer of the
post from the Department of the Army to the Department of the Air Force, for the purpose of
operating a military airfield. The Air Force expanded its operations across most of the main
post, but the Army continued to control the range and maneuver areas. (emphasis added)

Otis AFB in the Cold War - Between 1951 and about 1956, the Air Force constructed
numerous new hangars and other buildings on the south side of the airfield at Otis. Otis, along
with Hanscom Field at Bedford, Massachusetts, and Ethan Allen Field at Burlington, Vermont,
were the three major fields of the Air Defense Command. Throughout the late 1940s and early
1950s, DoD continued its defensive build-up in response to Soviet atomic capability and long-
range bombers, and the ADC built a series of alert fighter hangars at installations supporting the
air defense interceptor mission. As one of these installations, Otis fulfilled its role through the
crews and aircraft of the 33rd Fighter-Interceptor Wing, whose headquarters were established at
Otis. The 564th Air Defense Group (58th and 437th Fighter Squadrons) was also based at and
conducted missions from Otis. The 564th was later re-designated the 33rd Air Defense Group.

In 1955, the ADC's 551st Airborne Early Warning and Control Wing was assigned to Otis AFB
to conduct reconnaissance missions and expand the U.S. defense perimeter. The 551st operated
large four engine Constellation Aircraft ("Connies") that were modified to conduct long-range
flights over the Atlantic Ocean. Other ADC units conducting air defense missions from Otis
AFB at this time included the 4707th Defense Wing, the 33rd Fighter Wing, and the 58th and 60th
Fighter-Interceptor Squadrons.

During the late 1950s and early 1960s, Otis AFB played a role in the technologically advanced
national defense Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system, which provided long-
range search, height, and identification radar and ground-to-air radio communications for the
North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). NORAD's mission was to provide
continuous long-range radar surveillance of the North American land mass using a pioneering air
defense system that focused upon missile defense. The first SAGE Direction Center was
operational in 1958. Full deployment in the 22 air defense sectors in the U.S. and one air
defense sector in Canada was achieved by 1963. Otis AFB served as a node in gap-filler radar
and flight support.

In 1959, the Air Force constructed a counterpart to the Army's Nike missiles, the Boeing
Michigan Aeronautical Research Center (BOMARC) anti-aircraft missile facility, on a site
northwest of the airfield as part of a nation-wide surface-to-air defense system. Otis was one of
eight such facilities in the country.

In 1977, Otis AFB was officially redistributed with the establishment of boundary lines which
divided the complex into several installations, all within the confines of the original base.
Established was Otis ANGB, Camp Edwards, and the Coast Guard Air Station Cape Cod (which
shares the base's runways). Together they form the Massachusetts Military Reservation, where
17 other state, federal and private entities operate within its boundaries.

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In 1978, the Air Force returned with the construction of the Precision Acquisition Vehicle Entry
Phased Array Warning System (PAVE PAWS) near the Cape Cod Canal. PAVE PAWS is
designed to detect airborne ballistic missiles and monitor orbiting satellites.

In August of 1968, the 102nd became a tenant unit at Otis Air Force Base (AFB). The return to
Otis for the 102nd was fitting indeed. The 101st Observation Squadron, forerunner of the 102nd
Fighter Interceptor Wing, was the original occupant of the Otis Field and was instrumental in its
construction on the Camp Edwards property. The original intent of Otis Field was for utilization
by National Guard aircraft.

Historical Records Research Summary

The Historical Records Research included a review of documents at the following off-site
repositories:

The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)


• NARA Archives I, Washington, DC – No documents were found relevant to this report.
• NARA Archives II College Park, MD – The following information was obtained:
- Bombing Range (Off-Installation) – Correspondence from April through July 1943
discusses need for surface danger zone at the Bombing Range at Otis Army Airfield,
Camp Edwards. The bombing range was reported as located between Coast Guard
Stations Numbers 42 and 44, (41° 36’ North, 69° 59’ West; these coordinates are
adjacent to Monomoy Island, Cape Cod, MA). Correspondence from 18-Dec-1943
discusses transferring jurisdiction of the Monomoy Point Pattern Bombing Range on
Cape Cod from Otis Field to Westover Field.
- Chemical Warfare Training/Materiel – Correspondence from 18-Nov-42 requested
the construction of gas instructional building for Army Air Base, Otis Field, Camp
Edwards, MA. No information on the location of the proposed gas instructional
building was included. The first Endorsement for the construction was issued 25-
Nov-42. Correspondence from January and February 1943 cancelled requests for a
toxic gas yard and chemical warfare storage for Otis Field.
- Ordnance Area – A 16-Jan-43 letter described the then current ordnance storage
conditions at Otis Field. Bombs were stored in the open with no protection other than
a twenty-four (24) hour guard. There was a fire brick warehouse which served as
storage for pyrotechnics. Small Arms ammunition was stored in a tin shed
approximately 15’ X 15’. The shed was located on the main road of the Base under
high tension wires near barracks, a hangar, and a dispensary. By 23-Feb-43, the
construction of new magazines to correct the storage problem was 45% complete and
being expedited. The location of the new ordnance area was not included in the
information. On 3-Jul-71, the Massachusetts Air National Guard Base Civil Engineer
made a request to update the Air National Guard’s Real Property License at Otis AFB
to add Building 120-Rocket Storage. The request noted that the “main storage of
rockets is co-located with base ammunition storage area which is approximately six
(6) miles from the ANG Flight Line.”

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• NARA Northeast Region, Boston, MA – The information found relevant to this HRR-
SC Report included the following:
- Target Butt – On 5-Jun-62, an “Invitation for Bids, Bid and Acceptance; Sale and
Removal of Buildings (or other Real Estate Improvements) located at - Otis AFB,
Falmouth, MA” included Building No. 5001, a 909 square foot Range Control House.
The information did not include the type of range or location of the range. [NOTE:
This site was identified as a target butt due to the references to a range house at a
target butt at other sites investigated as part of the 137 CSE Phase I MMRP
investigations.]
• National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, MO – No documents were found
relevant to this report.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)


• USACE Topographic Engineering Center and Image Office, Alexandria, VA – The
USACE Topographic Engineering Center and Image Office was contacted about its
capabilities to support the acquisition of historical aerial photographs for this project.
Unfortunately, the office did not have a collection of historical aerial photographs for the
installations under investigation; it was unable to query its database to determine an
inventory of available aerial photographs; and its image inventory does not include
historical aerial photographs maintained by NARA or other archives.
• USACE Office of History, Alexandria, VA – No documents were found related to this
HRR-SC Report at the USACE Office of History.
• USACE St. Louis District, St. Louis, MO – The 1-Oct-57, “Otis Air Force Base, MA”
map was collected that included:
- Ordnance Area – Located in the southeastern portion of the installation.

U.S. Army
• U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command, Aberdeen, MD –
Two sources of historical information were researched at the U.S. Army Research,
Development, and Engineering Command at Edgewood Arsenal, MD.
- Historical Research and Response Center – No documents were found relevant to
this report.
- Edgewood Chemical Biological Center Technical Library – Based on the
recommendation of the Edgewood Chemical Biological Center Technical Library
staff, no research was conducted at this facility.
• U.S. Army Center of Military History, Fort McNair, VA – No documents were found
related to this HRR-SC Report.
• U.S. Army Institute of Military History, Carlisle Barracks, PA – The reference
historian at the U.S. Army Institute of Military History, Carlisle Barracks, PA reported
that nothing was found in the facility’s collection for this installation.

U.S. Air Force


• Air Force Historical Research Agency – The following information was obtained:
- Bombing Range (Off-Installation) – Correspondence from 19-Jun-43 discusses the
need of a surface danger zone at the Bombing Range. No location for the bombing

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range was included in any of the documents; however, it is likely the Monomoy
Bombing Range found in documents from NARA’s Archive II in College park, MD.
• Air Force History Support Office – No research was conducted at the Air Force History
Support Office since it was determined that the documents would be duplicative of the
documents with AFHRA at Maxwell AFB, AL.
• Air Force Safety Center – The Air Force Safety Center, located at Kirtland AFB,
Albuquerque, NM, formerly maintained the Information Preservation System. The
Information Preservation System contained scanned Air Force historical documents
obtained from both the Air Force Safety Center and non-Air Force archives.
Unfortunately, due to a lack of funding, the Information Preservation System is no longer
available for research.
• Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency – The Air Force Civil Engineer Support
Agency maintains historic records for Explosive Ordnance Disposal. The files were
searched and various Explosive Ordnance Reports were found. However, no information
relevant to this HRR-SC Report was contained in these reports.

Department of Defense
• Defense Technical Information Center – The DoD’s DTIC Online Database was
accessed at www.dtic.mil and no documents relevant to this report were found.
• Defense Environmental Programs Annual Report to Congress – The following sites,
related to Otis ANGB, were found in the DEP ARC web site.
- Camp Edwards – Federal Facility Identification Number (FFID) MA19799F177300,
FUDS Property No. D01MA000900. The accompanying map with the DEP ARC file
for Camp Edwards included: a mortar range. [NOTE: This mortar range is off-
installation.]
- Camp Edwards – FFID MA121182517500, no FUDS Property Number. There was
no accompanying map for this FFID, but the DEP ARC report lists seven ranges.
[NOTE: It is assumed these ranges are off-installation.]
- Monomoy Island Gun Range – FFID MA19799F187600, FUDS Property No.
D01MA024501. Two Sites were identified: Bombing Range and Air-to-Ground
Gunnery Range.

Library of Congress
• Three documents were found at the Library of Congress. The first document, Spiegel,
Camp Edwards, Mass., was in German and contained articles by German Prisoners of
War detained at Camp Edwards. The second and third documents were two maps dated
1949 and 1977. Both showed the location of Camp Edwards in connection to Otis Air
Force Base. The following information was obtained from the maps:
- Ordnance Area – The map from 1977 shows an ordnance area south of the runways
in the southeast corner of the installation.
- Target Butt – The map from 1949 shows a target butt running southeast from the
taxiway between the NW-SE and NE-SW runways.

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Aerial Photographs
• Aerial photographs from the 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, and present day were obtained and
reviewed for this HRR-SC Report. The aerial photographs reviewed for this report show
the following information:
- Ordnance Area 1 – An ordnance area is visible southwest of the southern end of the
northwest-southeast runway on the October 1951 aerial photograph. On the 1951
photograph, the northeast-southwest runway is encroaching on the ordnance area
indicating that it is no longer in use.
- Ordnance Area (Post World War II Era) – On the 1966 photographs, the ordnance
area seen on the 1951 aerial photograph is gone and a newer ordnance area is visible
to the east. This new ordnance area remains visible on the later aerial photographs
and today on proprietary sources such as Google Earth®. It appears to be an active
ordnance storage area.
- Ordnance Area 2 – An ordnance area is visible in the 1947 aerial photographs south
of the X formed by the intersection of northeast-southwest runways (5-23) and the
northwest-southeast runways (14-32). It is not seen in later aerial photographs. The
area is now paved over by aircraft aprons.
- Skeet Range – A skeet range is visible east of Ordnance Area 2 and northeast of the
target butt in the 1947 aerial photographs. The skeet range is not seen in later aerial
photographs.
- Target Butt – A target butt is visible southwest of the southern end of the northwest-
southeast runway on the October 1951, 1966, 2006, and current aerial proprietary
sources such as Google Earth®. It appears that it is no longer in use as of the 1966
aerial photograph. Currently, it is no longer in use. The concrete apron used for the
firing point is still intact and portions of the target berm may still be in place. The
entire target butt appears to lie within the safety area of the active ordnance area
described above.

Results of the Historical Records Research

The HRR identified potential MMRP Sites based on the review of off-site repositories. Several
MRAs were identified as historically-related to Otis ANGB, but were at off-installation locations
or are being addressed under the FUDS Program:

MMRP Site FUDS Property Comments


Numbers
Bombing Range D01MA024501 Monomoy Island, Cape Cod, MA. A Bombing Range and Air to Ground
Gunnery Range were identified for Monomoy Island.
Ranges and Maneuver D01MA000900 The property known as Otis ANGB today has undergone changes to its
Areas; Chemical Warfare boundary over time. At one time, it included a much larger portion of
Training/Materiel the area surrounding its current boundaries. Today Camp Edwards
occupies those areas. The area that Camp Edwards occupies today
has MMRP sites that were once inside the Otis AFB boundary. As a
result, this HRR-SC Report focuses only on that property within the
current day Otis ANGB boundary. All the Ranges and Maneuver Areas
and the Chemical Warfare Training/Materiel are attributed to Camp
Edwards.

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The HRR identified potential MRAs that are not associated with the FUDS Program. As a result,
a CSE Phase I should be completed to determine if additional MRAs are present at Otis ANGB.
The following table summarizes the MMRP areas for Otis ANGB based on a review of the
documents collected for this HRR-SC Report:

Potential MMRP Site Estimated Acreage Comments


Ordnance Area 1 To be determined (TBD) Two ordnance areas were found on the southeastern portion of Otis
(World War II Era) ANGB. The WW II era ordnance area was replaced by expansion of
runways, parking aprons and other construction. No DEP ARC MMRP
information was found for either ordnance area. No reports of fire of
or explosion were found for either ordnance area.
Ordnance Area TBD Two ordnance areas were found on the southeastern portion of Otis
(Post World War II Era) ANGB. The post WW II era ordnance area is still in place and appears
to be an active ordnance storage area. No DEP ARC MMRP
information was found for either ordnance area. No reports of fire of
or explosion were found for either ordnance area.
Ordnance Area 2 TBD Ordnance area 2, separate from the ordnance areas described above,
(World War II Era) was found in the 1947 aerial photograph south of the X formed by the
intersection of northeast-southwest runways (5-23) and the northwest-
southeast runways (14-32). Currently, its location is paved over by
aircraft parking aprons.
Skeet Range 30 A skeet range was visible east of Ordnance Area 2 and northeast of
the target butt in the 1947 aerial photographs. The skeet range is not
seen in later aerial photographs and has been replaced by new
construction. Acreage from Army Range Inventory, Appendix E of
Data Collector Instructions, September 2001.
Target Butt 1,043 A target butt was found on the southeastern portion of Otis ANGB.
The firing point and target berm appear to lie within the safety zone of
the current ordnance area. Acreage from Army Range Inventory,
Appendix E of Data Collector Instructions, September 2001.
TOTAL ACRES 1,073

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HISTORICAL RECORDS RESEARCH SOURCES CONTACTED


OTIS AIR NATIONAL GUARD BASE
FALMOUTH, MA

Table of Contents
Section Page

1.0 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 1


1.1 Background ............................................................................................................. 1
1.2 Purpose of this HRR-SC Report ............................................................................. 4
1.3 Otis ANGB.............................................................................................................. 4
1.4 Document Numbering System................................................................................ 7
1.5 Report Organization................................................................................................ 8
2.0 NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION ................................ 10
2.1 Introduction to NARA .......................................................................................... 10
2.1.1 NARA Research Methodology ................................................................. 11
2.1.2 NARA Record Groups Selected for Review ............................................ 11
2.2 NARA Washington, DC ....................................................................................... 13
2.2.1 NARA Archives I, Washington, DC......................................................... 13
2.2.1.1 Archives I On-Line Research.................................................... 13
2.2.1.2 Archives I On-Site Research..................................................... 13
2.2.1.3 Results of the Records Research at Archives I ......................... 13
2.2.2 NARA Archives II, College Park, MD..................................................... 13
2.2.2.1 Archives II On-Line Research .................................................. 14
2.2.2.2 Archives II On-Site Research ................................................... 14
2.2.2.3 Results of the Records Research at Archives II........................ 19
2.3 NARA Northeast Region, Boston, MA ................................................................ 19
2.3.1 NARA Northeast Region On-Line Research............................................ 20
2.3.1.1 Record Group 18: Records of the Army Air Forces ................ 21
2.3.1.2 Record Group 26: Records of the U.S. Coast Guard ............... 21
2.3.1.3 Record Group 30: Records of the Bureau of Public Roads ..... 24
2.3.1.4 Record Group 38: Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval
Operations ................................................................................. 24
2.3.1.5 Record Group 48: Records of the Office of the Secretary of the
Interior....................................................................................... 25
2.3.1.6 Record Group 52: Records of the Bureau of Medicine and
Surgery...................................................................................... 25
2.3.1.7 Record Group 57: Records of the U.S. Geological Survey ..... 26
2.3.1.8 Record Group 71: Records of the Bureau of Yards and Docks27
2.3.1.9 Record Group 77: Records of the Office of the Chief of
Engineers................................................................................... 27
2.3.1.10 Record Group 92: Records of the Office of the Quartermaster
General...................................................................................... 29
2.3.1.11 Record Group 96: Records of the Farmers Home
Administration .......................................................................... 30

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2.3.1.12 Record Group 111: Records of the Office of the Chief Signal
Officer ....................................................................................... 31
2.3.1.13 Record Group 112: Records of the Office of the Surgeon
General (Army)......................................................................... 31
2.3.1.14 Record Group 121: Records of the Public Buildings Service.. 32
2.3.1.15 Record Group 127: Records of the U.S. Marine Corps ........... 33
2.3.1.16 Record Group 145: Records of the Farms Service Agency..... 34
2.3.1.17 Record Group 156: Records of the Office of the Chief of
Ordnance ................................................................................... 34
2.1.3.18 Record Group 165: Records of the War Department General
and Special Staffs...................................................................... 35
2.3.1.19 Record Group 181: Records of Naval Districts and Shore
Establishments .......................................................................... 36
2.3.1.20 Record Group 234: Records of the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation, 1928-1968............................................................ 37
2.3.1.21 Record Group 237: Records of the Federal Aviation
Administration .......................................................................... 38
2.3.1.22 Record Group 269: Records of the General Services
Administration .......................................................................... 38
2.3.1.23 Record Group 270: Records of the War Assets Administration
................................................................................................... 39
2.3.1.24 Record Group 291: Records of the Federal Property Resources
Service....................................................................................... 39
2.3.1.25 Record Group 319: Records of the Army Staff ....................... 40
2.3.1.26 Record Group 336: Records of the Office of the Chief of
Transportation, 1917-1966........................................................ 40
2.3.1.27 Record Group 338: Records of the U.S. Army Commands..... 41
2.3.1.28 Record Group 407: Records of the Adjutant General’s Office,
1917- [NOTE: No end date provided.] .................................... 42
2.3.1 NARA Northeast Region On-Site Research ............................................. 43
2.3.2 Results of the Records Research at NARA Northeast Region ................. 43
2.4 National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, MO ............................................. 43
2.4.1 NPRC On-Line Research.......................................................................... 43
2.4.2 NPRC On-Site Research ........................................................................... 43
2.4.3 Results of the Records Research at the NPRC.......................................... 44
3.0 U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS ........................................................................... 45
3.1 USACE Topographic Engineering Center Alexandria, VA ................................. 45
3.1.1 Background on the USACE TEC and TIO ............................................... 45
3.1.2 Results of the Records Research at the USACE TEC and TIO................ 46
3.2 USACE Office of History, Alexandria, VA ......................................................... 46
3.2.1 Background on the USACE Office of History ......................................... 46
3.2.2 Results of the Records Research at the USACE Office of History .......... 47
3.3 USACE St. Louis District, St. Louis, MO ............................................................ 47
4.0 U.S. ARMY ...................................................................................................................... 48
4.1 U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command, Aberdeen
Proving Ground, MD ............................................................................................ 48

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4.1.1
Historical Research and Response Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD
................................................................................................................... 48
4.1.1.1 Results of the Records Research at the Historical Research and
Response Center Research........................................................ 48
4.1.2 Edgewood Chemical Biological Center Technical Library, Edgewood
Arsenal, MD.............................................................................................. 48
4.1.2.1 Results of the Records Research at the Edgewood Chemical
Biological Center Technical Library ........................................ 48
4.2 U.S. Army Center of Military History, Ft. McNair, VA ...................................... 49
4.2.1 Results of the Records Research at U.S. Army Center of Military History
................................................................................................................... 49
4.3 U.S. Army Institute of Military History, Carlisle Barracks, PA........................... 49
4.3.1 Results of the Records Research at the U.S. Army Institute of Military
History....................................................................................................... 49
5.0 U.S. AIR FORCE.............................................................................................................. 50
5.1 Air Force Historical Research Agency ................................................................. 50
5.1.1 Air Force Historical Research Agency Research Methodology ............... 51
5.1.1.1 Card Catalog and IRIS .............................................................. 51
5.1.1.2 Finding Aid – U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Site Listing ...... 51
5.1.2 Results of the Records Research at the Air Force Historical Research
Agency ...................................................................................................... 51
5.2 Air Force History Support Office, Bolling AFB, Washington, DC...................... 52
5.2.1 Results of the Records Research at the Air Force History Support Office52
5.3 Air Force Safety Center, Kirtland AFB, NM........................................................ 52
5.3.1 Results of the Records Research at the Air Force Safety Center.............. 53
5.4 Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency, Tyndall AFB, FL.............................. 53
5.4.1 Results of the Records Research at the Air Force Civil Engineer Support
Agency ...................................................................................................... 54
6.0 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ....................................................................................... 55
6.1 Defense Technical Information Center................................................................. 55
6.1.1 On-Line Research ..................................................................................... 55
6.1.2 Results of the Records Research Using DTIC Online .............................. 55
6.1.3 On-Site Research ...................................................................................... 56
6.2 Defense Environmental Restoration Programs Report to Congress ..................... 57
6.2.1 DEP ARC On-Line Research.................................................................... 57
6.2.2 Results of the Records Research Using DEP ARC On-Line.................... 57
7.0 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS ............................................................................................. 58
7.1 Background ........................................................................................................... 58
7.2 Library of Congress On-Line Research ................................................................ 58
7.3 Library of Congress On-Site Research ................................................................. 58
7.4 Results of the Records Research at the Library of Congress................................ 58
8.0 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS.............................................................................................. 60
8.1 Background on Aerial Photograph Research........................................................ 60
8.2 Results of the Aerial Photograph Research .......................................................... 60
9.0 SUMMARY OF THE RECORDS RESEARCH.............................................................. 62
9.1 Records Research.................................................................................................. 62

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9.2 Results of the Records Research........................................................................... 62


9.3 Summary and Recommendation ........................................................................... 66

Figure 1: Installation Location........................................................................................................2


Figure 2: Installation Boundary ......................................................................................................3
Figure 3: Potential MRAs .............................................................................................................68

Appendix A – Document Index

Attachment – Supporting Documents

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ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

AAATC Anti-aircraft Artillery Training Center


AAF Army Air Field
ACC Air Combat Command
ADC Air Defense Command
AFB Air Force Base
AFCESA Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency
AFHRA Air Force Historical Research Agency
AFHSO Air Force History Support Office
AFSC Air Force Safety Center
AGS Air Guard Station
ANGB Air National Guard Base
ANG Air National Guard
APSRS Aerial Photography Summary Record System
ARC Annual Report to Congress
BOMARC Boeing Michigan Aeronautical Research Center
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
CMA Chemical Materials Agency
CMH Center of Military History
CSE Comprehensive Site Evaluation
CSIL Commercial Satellite Imagery Library
DDR&E Director, Defense Research & Engineering
DEP Defense Environmental Programs
DMM Discarded Military Munitions
DoD Department of Defense
DTIC Defense Technical Information Center
ECBC Edgewood Chemical Biological Center
EOD Explosive Ordnance Disposal
EROS Earth Resources Observation Systems
ESIC Earth Science Information Service
FAA Federal Aviation Agency
FHA Farmers Home Administration
FSA Farm Security Administration
FUDS Formerly Used Defense Site
GSA General Services Administration
HRR Historical Records Research
HRRC Historical Research and Response Center
HRR-SC HRR Sources Contacted
IFSAR Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar
IKONOS from the Greek word for “Image”
IPS Information Preservation System
IRIS Inferential Retrieval Indexing System
IRS Indian Remote Sensing
ITRC Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council
ITSI Innovative Technical Solutions, Inc.

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LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging


MARC Machine-Readable Cataloging
MC Munitions Constituents
MEC Munitions and Explosives of Concern
MMR Massachusetts Military Reservation
MMRP Military Munitions Response Program
MPPEH Materials Potentially Presenting an Explosive Hazard
MRA Munitions Response Area
MRS Munitions Response Site
MS Mulitspectral
NARA National Archives and Records Administration
NCP National Oil and Hazardous Substance Pollution Contingency Plan
NENYIAC New England New York Inter-Agency Committee
NGA National Geospatial Agency
NORAD North American Aerospace Defense Command
NPRC National Personnel Records Center
OCE Office of the Chief of Engineers
OCE/P Office of the Assistant Chief of Engineers
PAN Panchromatic
PATCO Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization
PMDS Property Management and Disposal Service
PM NBC PM Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defense
POW Prisoner-of-War
RADARSAT RADAR Satellite
RDECOM Research, Development and Engineering Command
RFC Reconstruction Finance Corporation
RG Record Group
SAC Strategic Air Command
SAGE Semi-Automatic Ground Environment
SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar
SBCCOM Soldier and Biological Chemical Command
SPOT Systems Probatoire d’Observation de La Terre
SOS Service of Supply
SSC Soldiers Systems Center
STINET Scientific & Technical Information Network
TEC Topographic Engineering Center
TIO TEC Imagery Office
TLI TLI Solutions, Inc.
U.S. United States
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
USAMHI U.S. Army Institute of Military History
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
UXO Unexploded Ordnance
WAA War Assets Administration
WPA Works Project Administration

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1.0 INTRODUCTION
TLI Solutions, Inc. (TLI) is a subcontractor to Innovative Technical Solutions, Inc. (ITSI) who
is, in turn, under contract with the United States (U.S.) Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
Omaha District, to conduct U.S. Air Force Military Munitions Response Program (MMRP)
Historical Records Research (HRR) at 137 Air Force installations. TLI has been tasked with
conducting the HRR for off-site and non-local information repositories for the 137 Air Force
facilities. This HRR Sources Contacted (HRR-SC) Report summarizes research that was
conducted for Otis Air National Guard Base (ANGB) near Falmouth, Massachusetts (see Figures
1 and 2). Searches at all sources listed in this report were also conducted for previous names
identified for Otis ANGB at one time throughout the history of the installation. The HRR
evaluated historical documents associated with the historical boundaries of Otis ANGB including
areas that may be outside of the current boundaries of the installation.

1.1 Background
In 1986, Congress created the Defense Environmental Restoration Program to clean up sites
owned or used by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). For nearly 20 years, this program has
focused on cleanup of hazardous chemicals (e.g., solvents, oils, pesticides) in environmental
media. In September 2001, DoD established the MMRP to address hazards associated with
Munitions and Explosives of Concern (MEC) and Munitions Constituents (MC) within areas that
are no longer used for operational range activities. These non-operational range areas are called
Munitions Response Areas (MRAs) and may encompass one or more discrete munitions
response sites (MRSs). The goal of the Air Force MMRP is to make MRAs safe for reuse while
protecting human health and the environment. In December 2001, the Congress passed the
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 that required DoD to develop and
maintain an inventory of MRSs. This requirement is codified in Title 10, Section 2710 of the
U.S. Code (10 USC 2710).

A critical component of the Air Force MMRP is the Comprehensive Site Evaluation (CSE),
which serves as the initial assessment of MRAs pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental
Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and the National Oil and Hazardous
Substance Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP). The Air Force is implementing the CSE in two
phases. The CSE Phase I fulfills the requirements of the CERCLA Preliminary Assessment and
Phase II fulfills the requirements of the CERCLA Site Investigation. This HRR-SC Report is an
initial step to conducting the CSE Phases I and II. Research conducted for this report was
designed to identify information available from sources external to the installation and local
information sources. If potential MRAs are identified as a result of this research, a full CSE
Phase I investigation may be performed. The CSE Phase I includes a site inspection, which
incorporates a review of on-site data repositories, field reconnaissance of potential MRAs,
interviews with appropriate personnel, and a review of local information sources. The
installations included in this HRR search have no identified MRAs, and the purpose of the HRR
for these installations is to systematically evaluate each installation to provide assurance that
MRAs have not been missed or omitted. The information collected during the HRR will be
utilized to make a recommendation that an installation should proceed to a CSE Phase I or that
historical documentation indicates potential MMRP sites are not associated with the installation.
If evidence of MMRP sites is found, the installation will go through the CSE Phase I/Site
Inspection process, at a minimum.

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1.2 Purpose of this HRR-SC Report


The purpose of this HRR-SC Report is to support the development of the CSE Phase I for Otis
ANGB. At Otis ANGB and across the country, the U.S. Armed Forces have historically
conducted live-firing, weapons testing, and munitions disposal to ensure military readiness,
decades of these munitions-related activities have resulted in the presence of unexploded
ordnance (UXO), discarded military munitions (DMM), and MC on ranges and disposal areas
throughout the country. UXO, DMM, and other materials potentially presenting an explosive
hazard (MPPEH) are referred to as MEC. Due to changes in military structure and locations of
installations, the military is currently using many of these ranges and disposal areas in ways that
may be incompatible with the presence of MEC or MC contamination.

1.3 Otis ANGB


Location: Otis Air ANGB is located on the southern part of the
Massachusetts Military Reservation.
Date Established: 1938.
Construction Began: Unknown.
Date of Beneficial Occupancy: 1938.
Date of Current Name: 1977.
Name: Otis Air National Guard Base is named after Lt. Frank "Jesse"
Otis, a member of the 101st Observation Squadron who was
killed on Jan. 11, 1937.
Previous Names: Otis Field, Otis Army Airfield, Otis Air Force Base (AFB),
Camp Edwards, Naval Auxiliary Air Facility Otis.

Otis ANGB is an Air National Guard installation located within the Massachusetts Military
Reservation (MMR), a military training facility, located on the upper western portion of Cape
Cod, in Falmouth, Barnstable County, MA. It was previously known as Otis Air Force Base
(AFB) prior to its transfer from the active duty Air Force to the Air National Guard. In the
community, it is also known as Otis Air Base or more commonly by its old name, Otis AFB.
The Air National Guard Resource Book for 2008 listed six Air National Guard Units at the Otis
ANGB: 102nd Fighter Wing, 101st Flight Squadron, 202nd Weather Flight, 253rd Combat
Communications Group, 267th Combat Communications Squadron, and 567th Band.

The host unit on Otis ANGB is the 102nd Intelligence Wing, an Air Combat Command (ACC)-
gained unit of the Massachusetts Air National Guard. Part of the facility is also called Cape Cod
Air Force Station (Cape Cod AFS), as well Coast Guard Air Station Cape Cod (CGAS Cape
Cod), operating the HU-25 Guardian and HH-60J Jayhawk.

NOTE: The property known as Otis ANGB today has undergone changes to its boundary over
time. At one time, it included a much larger portion of the area surrounding its current
boundaries. Today Camp Edwards occupies those areas. The area that Camp Edwards occupies
today has MMRP sites that were once inside the Otis AFB boundary. As a result, this HRR-SC
Report focuses only on that property within the current day Otis ANGB boundary. The
following history, taken from the Massachusetts National Guard web site, discusses Camp

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Edwards, the MMR, and Otis ANGB to assist in understanding the overlap of boundaries and
activities.

History Pre World War II - The history of Massachusetts National Guard training on Upper
Cape Cod extends back to 1908, when soldiers conducted weekend and annual training in the
woods to the south and west of present-day MMR. In 1931, the Adjutant-General of
Massachusetts appointed a board of six Army National Guard officers to find a new campsite, as
Camp Devens was deemed too small for required training. In 1933, Cape Cod was initially
identified as a viable area for the new camp, to mixed reaction from the local communities.
Feasibility assessments, and letters for and against the proposed military reservation, continued
to be presented to the Commonwealth and the War Department through April 1935, when then
Governor James Curley signed a bill to appropriate funds for the purchase of a campsite and to
establish a Military Reservation Commission. In September of that year, the War Department
approved acquisition (purchase or lease) of up to 200,000 acres of land in Cape Cod for military
training.

As early as the summer of 1936, Massachusetts National Guard units began formal training at the
new camp, setting up large tent camps just north of the proposed cantonment area. These early
troops were generally poorly equipped, often wearing World War I uniforms and using wooden
guns or Enfield rifles for training exercises.

The Construction Years, 1935 to 1940 - Between 1935 and 1940, the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts and the Federal Government, primarily using Works Project Administration
(WPA) funds, constructed 63 buildings (all but Buildings 102 and the old Williams Hospital
have since been demolished) and two 500-foot wide turf runways at Otis Field. In July 1938,
then Governor Charles Hurley dedicated Camp Edwards, naming it in honor of Major General
Clarence Edwards, former commander of the 26th (Yankee) Division. Otis Field was named
after 1LT Frank J. Otis, 26th (Yankee) Division Aviation, killed while on a cross-country flight.

In 1940, the U.S. Army leased Camp Edwards and undertook a major World War II mobilization
construction program. The project was completed in a mere 125 days (September 1940 to
January 1941) and served as the national prototype for other camps built using the 700 series
drawings.

Otis Field - In 1941, the 101st Observation Squadron, Massachusetts National Guard, which had
been at Jeffries Field, East Boston (now Logan International Airport), was inducted into Federal
service and moved to Otis Field. It served the Ninth Air Force as a reconnaissance unit. Otis
Field's first concrete runways were laid in 1942, and were lengthened and widened in 1943 in
response to technological developments of U.S. aircraft.

As the primary reconnaissance efforts from MMR involved sea patrols for enemy vessels, the
objective of the MMR mission was to provide offshore submarine patrols. The U.S. Army Air
Corps 14th Anti-Submarine Patrol Squadron operated from MMR between 1941 and 1943, and,
during 1944, all reconnaissance missions from Otis Field became the responsibility of the U.S.
Navy.

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Deactivated in 1946 and moved to caretaker status by the Army, the MMR was used primarily
for training activities by the Army National Guard and Air National Guard. Also in 1946, the
runway was extended to 8,000 feet to support larger, heavier aircraft, and the 101st Observation
Squadron was reactivated as a National Guard unit. In 1947, after the Department of Defense
created the U.S. Air Force as a separate military branch, the Air Defense Command (ADC)
assumed primary responsibility for continental defense against air attack. The Strategic Air
Command (SAC) was responsible for operation of the long-range bomber aircraft. The
relationship of the U.S. Air Force to the National Guard was established at this time, when the
Air National Guard agreed to take on localized air defense of industrialized regions of the U.S.
In 1948, the U.S. Air Force obtained control of Otis Field (renamed Otis AFB) for an air-defense
mission and assigned a fighter interceptor unit.

Camp Edwards was reactivated in 1950 for troop training support during the Korean conflict,
and numbers approached World War II levels. In 1954, Congress authorized the transfer of the
post from the Department of the Army to the Department of the Air Force, for the purpose of
operating a military airfield. The Air Force expanded its operations across most of the main
post, but the Army continued to control the range and maneuver areas. (emphasis added)

Otis AFB in the Cold War - Between 1951 and about 1956, the Air Force constructed
numerous new hangars and other buildings on the south side of the airfield at Otis. Otis, along
with Hanscom Field at Bedford, Massachusetts, and Ethan Allen Field at Burlington, Vermont,
were the three major fields of the Air Defense Command. Throughout the late 1940s and early
1950s, DoD continued its defensive build-up in response to Soviet atomic capability and long-
range bombers, and the ADC built a series of alert fighter hangars at installations supporting the
air defense interceptor mission. As one of these installations, Otis fulfilled its role through the
crews and aircraft of the 33rd Fighter-Interceptor Wing, whose headquarters were established at
Otis. The 564th Air Defense Group (58th and 437th Fighter Squadrons) was also based at and
conducted missions from Otis. The 564th was later re-designated the 33rd Air Defense Group.

In 1955, the ADC's 551st Airborne Early Warning and Control Wing was assigned to Otis AFB
to conduct reconnaissance missions and expand the U.S. defense perimeter. The 551st operated
large four engine Constellation Aircraft ("Connies") that were modified to conduct long-range
flights over the Atlantic Ocean. Other ADC units conducting air defense missions from Otis
AFB at this time included the 4707th Defense Wing, the 33rd Fighter Wing, and the 58th and 60th
Fighter-Interceptor Squadrons.

During the late 1950s and early 1960s, Otis AFB played a role in the technologically advanced
national defense Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system, which provided long-
range search, height, and identification radar and ground-to-air radio communications for the
North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). NORAD's mission was to provide
continuous long-range radar surveillance of the North American land mass using a pioneering air
defense system that focused upon missile defense. The first SAGE Direction Center was
operational in 1958. Full deployment in the 22 air defense sectors in the U.S. and one air
defense sector in Canada was achieved by 1963. Otis AFB served as a node in gap-filler radar
and flight support.

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In 1959, the Air Force constructed a counterpart to the Army's Nike missiles, the Boeing
Michigan Aeronautical Research Center (BOMARC) anti-aircraft missile facility, on a site
northwest of the airfield as part of a nation-wide surface-to-air defense system. Otis was one of
eight such facilities in the country.

In 1977, Otis AFB was officially redistributed with the establishment of boundary lines which
divided the complex into several installations, all within the confines of the original base.
Established was Otis ANGB, Camp Edwards, and the Coast Guard Air Station Cape Cod (which
shares the base's runways). Together they form the Massachusetts Military Reservation, where
17 other state, federal and private entities operate within its boundaries.

In 1978, the Air Force returned with the construction of the Precision Acquisition Vehicle Entry
Phased Array Warning System (PAVE PAWS) near the Cape Cod Canal. PAVE PAWS is
designed to detect airborne ballistic missiles and monitor orbiting satellites.

In August of 1968, the 102nd became a tenant unit at Otis Air Force Base (AFB). The return to
Otis for the 102nd was fitting indeed. The 101st Observation Squadron, forerunner of the 102nd
Fighter Interceptor Wing, was the original occupant of the Otis Field and was instrumental in its
construction on the Camp Edwards property. The original intent of Otis Field was for utilization
by National Guard aircraft.

(Source: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/mmr.htm,
http://www.maotis.ang.af.mil/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otis_Air_National_Guard_Base; and
http://www.mass.gov/guard/Camp_Edwards/history.htm )

1.4 Document Numbering System


TLI utilized a document numbering system to identify the source of all documents that were
collected during the historic records research activities. Each page of every document that was
collected was numbered for document control purposes.

Each page of every document was labeled in the lower right corner with a unique alpha-numeric
designation. The first four-letter prefix to each document number serves as a code that identifies
the Air Force site. The four digit number that follows the second letter group represents the
document page number. “OTIS-0001” is an example document number. This number identifies
the first page of the document collection for the Otis ANGB.

Documents were logged into a Supporting Document Index (Index) as they were received from
the field research teams in order to record the document sources. The Index is designed to serve
as a document control tool to track documents that were collected at each Historical Records
Research source. The Index is not designed to serve as an inventory of all individual documents,
although it can be helpful as a general reference.

An entry in the Index that consists of a document number range represents either a single multi-
page document or several documents that pertain to a single subject. The information in the
comment field will indicate if more that one document is represented by a number range. Where

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more than one document is represented by a document number range, only the date and author
from the first document in the group is provided in the index.

1.5 Report Organization


The HRR-SC Report is organized into the following sections:

Section 2.0: National Archives and Records Administration – This section provides
information on the activities related to the review and collection of documents from the
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). It discusses the research efforts
at the NARA offices in Washington, DC; the Regional Archives; and the National
Personnel Records Center.

Section 3.0: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers – This section provides information on the
activities related to the review and collection of documents from the USACE. It
discusses the research efforts at the USACE Topographic Engineering Center in
Alexandria, VA, the USACE Office of History also in Alexandria, VA, and the USACE
St. Louis District.

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Section 4.0: U.S. Army – This section provides information on the activities related to the
review and collection of documents from the U.S. Army. It discusses the research efforts
at the U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command, the U.S. Army
Center of Military History, and the U.S. Army Institute of Military History.

Section 5.0: U.S. Air Force – This section provides information on the activities related to the
review and collection of documents from the U.S. Air Force. It discusses the research
efforts at: the Air Force Historical Research Agency at Maxwell AFB, AL; the Air Force
History Support Office at Bolling AFB, Washington, DC; the Air Force Safety Center,
Kirtland AFB, NM; and the Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency, Tyndall AFB, FL.

Section 6.0: Department of Defense – This section provides information on the activities
related to the review and collection of documents from the sources within the DoD not
covered by other sections. This section includes information from the Defense Technical
Information Center and the Defense Environmental Programs Annual Report to
Congress.

Section 7.0: Library of Congress – This section provides information on the activities related
to the review and collection of documents from the Library of Congress.

Section 8.0: Aerial Photographs – This section provides information on the activities related to
the review and collection of aerial photographs.

Section 9.0: Summary of the Records Research – This section summarizes the results of the
historical records research.

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2.0 NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION


This section provides information on the activities related to the review and collection of
documents from the NARA.

2.1 Introduction to NARA


NARA is an independent agency of the U.S. Federal Government charged with preserving and
documenting government and historical records. It is also charged with allowing public access
to those documents.

NARA administers a nationwide network of facilities that serves both the public and federal
agencies. NARA facilities in the Washington DC area hold records from facilities throughout
the world. In addition, eleven Regional Archives cover different territories that include specific
states. NARA facilities are located in 14 major cities throughout the continental U.S.

Record Groups – NARA's holdings are classified into "Record Groups" (RGs) reflecting the
governmental department or agency from which they originated. The records include paper
records, microfilmed records, still pictures, motion pictures, and electronic media. NARA
arranges its holdings according to the archival principle of provenance. This principle provides
that records be:

• Attributed to the agency that created or maintained them and


• Arranged there under as they were filed when in active use.

In the NARA, application of the principle of provenance takes the form of numbered Record
Groups, with each Record Group comprising the records of a major government entity, usually a
bureau or an independent agency. For example, National Archives Record Group 4 is Records of
the U.S. Food Administration. The number assigned to a Record Group reflects the order in
which it was established by the NARA.

Some record sets may be further designated by Subgroups which are a set of series that are
related by their common origin, function or activity. Subgroups may be formed on the basis of
date or geography.

Series – Within a Record Group, the records of a government agency are organized into series.
Each series is a set of documents arranged according to the creating office's filing system or
otherwise kept together by the creating office because they:

• relate to a particular subject or function,


• result from the same activity,
• document a specific kind of transaction,
• take a particular physical form, or
• have some other relationship arising out of their creation, receipt, or use.

Records are typically designated by a file unit. For example, for paper records, the file unit may
be a folder or bound volume; for microfilm, it is the roll. [NOTE: The National Personnel

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Records Center does not maintain on-line finding aids, nor does it organize its records in the
same manner as other NARA facilities.]

2.1.1 NARA Research Methodology


Research at NARA consisted of three main steps. First, researchers reviewed NARA’s on-line
resources to identify the Record Groups that are available at NARA locations and to select
Record Groups that may contain records related to the site. After reviewing the on-line sources,
the researchers conducted telephone interviews with NARA archivists to further refine the list of
RGs that should be reviewed, and to obtain any additional research suggestions based on the
archivists’ corporate knowledge. Finally, trips were made to the archives in order to meet with
archivists and review finding aids. Documents were then reviewed and photocopies of selected
documents were made.

2.1.2 NARA Record Groups Selected for Review


The RGs reviewed from NARA for this HRR-SC Report included RGs listed in guidance
provided by both the USACE (Environmental Cleanup at Former and Current Military Sites: A
Guide to Military Research Harper, Michael W.; Reunhardt, Thomas R.; Sude, Barry R., Office
of History and Environmental Division, Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Alexandria, Virginia; EP 870-1-64) and the Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council
(ITRC) (Munitions Response: Historical Records Review, Interstate Technology & Regulatory
Council, Unexploded Ordnance Team, November 2003). The list of RGs reviewed includes the
following. Please note that not all RGs are available at all NARA Regional Offices or at the
National Personnel Record Center.

No. RG Title Source


No.
1. 16 Records of the Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ITRC, USACE
2. 18 Records of the Army Air Forces ITRC, USACE
3. 26 Records of the U.S. Coast Guard ITRC, USACE
4. 30 Records of the Bureau of Public Roads ITRC, USACE
5. 35 Records of the Civilian Conservation Corps USACE
6. 38 Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations ITRC, USACE
7. 48 Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior ITRC, USACE
8. 49 Records of the Bureau of Land Management ITRC, USACE
9. 52 Records of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery ITRC
10. 57 Records of the U.S. Geological Survey ITRC
11. 69 Records of the Work Projects Administration ITRC, USACE
12. 71 Records of the Bureau of Yards and Docks ITRC, USACE
13. 72 Records of the Bureau of Aeronautics ITRC, USACE
14. 74 Records of the Bureau of Ordnance (Navy) ITRC, USACE
15. 77 Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers ITRC, USACE
16. 80 General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1798-1947 ITRC, USACE
17. 92 Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General ITRC, USACE
18. 94 Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1780-1917 ITRC, USACE
19. 96 Records of the Farmers Home Administration USACE
20. 98 Records of the U.S. Army Commands, 1784-1821 USACE
21. 107 Records of the Office of the Secretary of War ITRC, USACE
22. 111 Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer ITRC, USACE

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No. RG Title Source


No.
23. 112 Records of the Office of the Surgeon General (Army) ITRC, USACE
24. 121 Records of the Public Buildings Service ITRC
25. 127 Records of the U.S. Marine Corps ITRC, USACE
26. 135 Records of the Public Works Administration USACE
27. 143 Records of the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts (Navy) ITRC, USACE
28. 145 Records of the Farm Service Agency ITRC
29. 153 Records of the Office of the Judge Advocate General (Army) ITRC, USACE
30. 156 Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance ITRC, USACE
31. 159 Records of the Office of the Inspector General (Army) ITRC, USACE
32. 160 Records of the U.S. Army Service Forces (World War II) ITRC, USACE
33. 162 General Records of the Federal Works Agency ITRC, USACE
34. 165 Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs ITRC, USACE
35. 168 Records of the National Guard Bureau ITRC, USACE
36. 175 Records of the Chemical Warfare Service ITRC, USACE
37. 177 Records of the Chiefs of Arms ITRC
38. 179 Records of the War Production Board USACE
39. 181 Records of Naval Districts and Shore Establishments ITRC, USACE
40. 197 Records of the Civil Aeronautics Board ITRC
41. 207 General Records of the Department of Housing and Human Development ITRC
42. 218 Records of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff ITRC
43. 225 Records of the Joint Army and Navy Boards and Committees ITRC, USACE
44. 234 Records of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1928-1968 USACE
45. 237 Records of the Federal Aviation Administration ITRC
46. 240 Records of Smaller War Plants Corporation USACE
47. 250 Records of the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion ITRC
48. 269 Records of the General Services Administration ITRC, USACE
49. 270 Records of the War Assets Administration ITRC, USACE
50. 287 Publications of the U.S. Government USACE
51. 291 Records of the Federal Property Resources Service ITRC, USACE
52. 319 Records of the Army Staff ITRC, USACE
53. 330 Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense ITRC
54. 334 Records of Interservice Agencies ITRC, USACE
55. 335 Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Army USACE
56. 336 Records of the Office of the Chief of Transportation, 1917-1966 USACE
57. 337 Records of Headquarters Army Ground Forces ITRC, USACE
58. 338 Records of the U.S. Army Commands ITRC, USACE
59. 340 Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force USACE
60. 341 Records of Headquarters U.S. Air Force (Air Staff) ITRC, USACE
61. 342 Records of the U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations ITRC, USACE
62. 373 Records of the Defense Intelligence Agency ITRC
63. 391 Records of the U.S. Army Mobile Units, 1821-1942 USACE
64. 393 Records of the U.S. Army Continental Commands, 1821-1920 ITRC, USACE
65. 394 Records of the U.S. Army Continental Commands, 1920-1942 ITRC, USACE
66. 395 Records of the U.S. Army Overseas Operations & Commands, 1898-1942 ITRC
67. 407 Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1917- ITRC, USACE
68. 428 Records of the General Records of the Department of Navy, 1947- ITRC, USACE
69. 429 Records of the Organizations in the Executive Office of the President USACE

The results of the research process for each NARA facility are described below.

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2.2 NARA Washington, DC


Two NARA archives are found in the Washington, DC area: Archives I in Washington, DC and
Archives II in College Park, MD.

2.2.1 NARA Archives I, Washington, DC


The first NARA archive investigated was the facility in Washington, DC, Archives I:

National Archives and Records Administration, Archives I


700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408-0001

Archives I houses textual and microfilm records relating to: genealogy; American Indians; the
District of Columbia; Federal courts from the District of Columbia; Congress; maritime matters;
pre-World War I Army; and pre-World War II Navy.

2.2.1.1 Archives I On-Line Research


The records maintained by NARA’s Archives I were searched and no records were found
relevant to this HRR-SC Report.

2.2.1.2 Archives I On-Site Research


Research was conducted at Archives I using the finding aids and no records were found relevant
to this HRR-SC Report.

2.2.1.3 Results of the Records Research at Archives I


No records were found for this HRR-SC Report at NARA Archives I.

2.2.2 NARA Archives II, College Park, MD


The second NARA archive investigated was the facility in College Park, MD, Archives II:

National Archives at College Park, Archives II


8601 Adelphi Road
College Park, MD 20740-6001

Records at Archives II include: textual records from most civilian agencies; Army records
dating from World War I; Naval records dating from World War II; still pictures; electronic
records; cartographic and architectural holdings; Nixon Presidential Materials; motion picture,
sound, and video records; John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection; and the Berlin
Documents Center microfilm.

The following subsections describe the research conducted and summarize the results of the
research.

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2.2.2.1 Archives II On-Line Research


Archives II maintains all of the USACE/ITRC referenced RGs, except RG 98: Records of the
U.S. Army Commands, 1784-1821 (http://www.archives.gov /research/guide-fed-records/index-
numeric/). The on-line references for each RG were accessed and reviewed for records that may
be related to this installation. The summary of information on the RGs at Archives II in hard
copy exceeded 500 pages and as a result is not included in the HRR-SC Report. The following
RGs were selected for further research based on the on-line review.

No. RG Title
1. 18 Records of the Army Air Forces
2. 35 Records of the Civilian Conservation Corps
3. 49 Records of the Bureau of Land Management
4. 57 Records of the U.S. Geological Survey
5. 71 Records of the Bureau of Yards and Docks
6. 72 Records of the Bureau of Aeronautics
7. 77 Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers
8. 92 Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General
9. 121 Records of the Public Buildings Service
10. 168 Records of the National Guard Bureau
11. 234 Records of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1928-1968
12. 269 Records of the General Services Administration
13. 270 Records of the War Assets Administration
14. 291 Records of the Federal Property Resources Service
15. 341 Records of Headquarters U.S. Air Force (Air Staff)
16. 342 Records of the U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations
17. 394 Records of the U.S. Army Continental Commands, 1920-1942
18. 407 Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1917- [NOTE: No end date
provided.]

The results of the on-site records review are discussed in the following subsection.

2.2.2.2 Archives II On-Site Research


After reviewing the research approach with Archivists at Archives II, the following additional
RGs were identified for on-site research:

• Record Group 51: Records of the Office of Management and Budget;


• Record Group 107: Records of the Office of the Secretary of War;
• Record Group 156: Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance;
• Record Group 429: Records of the Organizations in the Executive Office of the President
(1963-1985)

The on-site findings aids maintained at NARA’s Archives II for each RG, identified above in
subsections 2.2.2.1 and 2.2.2.2, were reviewed. The RG was eliminated if it was determined
from a review of the finding aids that the RG contained no records relevant to this HRR-SC

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Report. The following list provides the entries identified and reviewed for this HRR-SC Report
and those entries eliminated from further research.

Record Group 18: Records of the Army Air Forces


• Entry 1A, 1945-1948.
• Entry 2, Unclassified Records Section Decimal File 1947.
• Entry 2 (NM-6), Air Adjutant General Decimal File, 1944-1946.
• Entry 2A.
• Entry 2B, Bulky Decimal Files, June 1944-1946.
• Entry 2B (NM-6), Air Adjutant General Bulky Decimal File, 1944-1946.
• Entry 2C (NM-6), Air Adjutant General Unclassified Decimal Files.
• Entry 2D (NM-6), Air Adjutant General Bulky Decimal Files 1947.
• Entry 2F (NM-6), Air Adjutant General Bulky Decimal Files 1947.
• Entry 46 (NM-1), Air Inspector Central Decimal File, 1945-1947.
• Entry 292, Air Adjutant General Central Decimal Files, Decimal 600 Construction, Oct.
1942-May 1944.
• Entry 294, Formerly Classified Bulky Files, Army Air Bases & Aviation Fields, Site
Surveys & Site Board Reports, 1942-1944.
• Entry 295, Project Files: Air Fields, 1939-1942.
• Entry 296, Correspondence regarding Camps & Forts, 1939-1942.
• Entry 298, Correspondence regarding Territorial Departments, 1939-1942.
• Entry 299, Correspondence regarding Foreign Bases, Air Forces, Misc. Commands,
Districts, Government-Owned Plants, National Guard & Schools, 1939-1942.
• Entry 686, Bulky Files; Army Air Bases and Aviation Fields, Site Surveys and Site
Board Reports, October 1924-1944.

Record Group 35: Records of the Civilian Conservation Corps


• No entries of interest were found for this HRR-SC Report.

Record Group 49: Records of the Bureau of Land Management


• No entries of interest were found for this HRR-SC Report.

Record Group 51: Records of the Office of Management and Budget


• Entry 149B War Projects Unit, Inspection Reports, 1940-45.

Record Group 57: Records of the U.S. Geological Survey


• No entries of interest were found for this HRR-SC Report.

Record Group 71: Records of the Bureau of Yards and Docks


• Entry 1001, Naval Property Case Files, 1941-1958.
• Entry 1001 (A1), Naval Property Case Files, 1941-1958.

Record Group 72: Records of the Bureau of Aeronautics


• Entry 62B, General Correspondence, 1925-1947.
• Entry 67, Confidential Correspondence, 1922-1947.

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• Entry 67, General Correspondence, 1943-1945.


• Entry 75, Secret Correspondence, 1939-1947.
• Entry 218, Records Relating to Inactive Air Stations (Real Estate Files), 1943-1959.
• Entry 1001A, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1948-1949.
• Entry 1001B, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1950.
• Entry 1001C, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1951.
• Entry 1001E, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1953.
• Entry 1001F, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1954.
• Entry 1001G, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1955.
• Entry 1001H, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1956.
• Entry 1001I, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1957.
• Entry 1001J, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1958.
• Entry 1001K, Unclassified General Correspondence, 1959.

Record Group 77: Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers


• Entry 106B, General Correspondence, 1918-1945.
• Entry 262, Real Property Files 1944-1955.
• Entry 276, Project and Geographic Files, (Acc A57-374(S5)).
• Entry 391, Construction Completion Reports, 1917-1943.
• Entry 393, Historical Record of Buildings and Record of Equipment and Condition of
Buildings at Active Army Posts, 1905-1942.
• Entry 398, Annual Report on Construction, Maintenance and Repair of Buildings on
Posts; 1924-1938.
• Entry 415, Real Estate Branch Surplus Disposal Unit, 1917-1944.
• Entry 416, Real Estate Surplus Disposal Files 1917-1944.
• Entry 435, Project Geographical Files 1949-1950.
• Entry 436, Project and Geographic Files 1940-1952.
• Entry 1011, Formerly Security Classified Subject Files 1941-1945 (Geographic File).
• Entry 1023 (UD), General Correspondence RE: Airfields & Related Facilities, 1940-
1945.

Record Group 92: Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General


• No entries of interest were found for this HRR-SC Report.

Record Group 107: Records of the Office of the Secretary of War


• Entry 211, Formerly Classified Correspondence regarding Establishment of Airfields &
Air Bases, 1940-1945.
• Entry 213, Records of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of War for Air.

Record Group 121: Records of the Public Buildings Service


• Entry 1, Real Property Case Files (121-76-0003).
• Entry 1 (UDWW), Real Property Disposal Files.
• Entry 3 (UDWW), Ex Property Survey Files, 1970-1974.
• Entry N/A, Records Relating to Surplus Real Property, 1946-1950.

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• Entry 81 (A-1), Real Property Review Board, Surplus 1946-1950.

Record Group 156: Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance


• No entries of interest were found for this HRR-SC Report.

Record Group 168: Records of the National Guard Bureau


• Entry 3, Central Subject Files, 1964-1974.
• Entry 344, State Decimal File, 1946-1950.
• Entry 344A, Army - NGB State Decimal Files, 1922-1945.
• Entry 344B, Army - NGB State Decimal Files, 1922-1945.
• Entry 344C, Army NGB, Decimal Files, 1946-1948.
• Entry 344D, Army State Decimal File 1946-1948.
• Entry 344E, Decimal Files, 1949-1950.
• Entry 344F, Army NGB State Decimal Files 1949-1950.
• Entry 344G, Army NGB State Decimal Files 1951-1952.
• Entry 344I, Army NGB State Decimal Files 1951-1952.
• Entry 344J, Army NGB State Decimal Files 1953.
• Entry 344K (NM-3), State Decimal File, 1953.
• Entry 348, Central Subject Files, 1964-1974.

Record Group 234: Records of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1928-1968


• No entries of interest were found for this HRR-SC Report.

Record Group 269: Records of the General Services Administration


• Entry 62 UD, Real Property Disposal Case Files Transferred from the Farm Credit
Administration, 1945-1953.

Record Group 270: Records of the War Assets Administration


• Entry 3, Office Information Subject File, 1946-1949.
• Entry 9, Subject File of the Central Office of Real Property, 1946-1949

Record Group 291: Records of the Federal Property Resources Service


• Entry 1 UDWW, Property Management & Disposal Service, Real Property Disposal
Files.
• Entry 2 UDWW, Property Management & Disposal Service, Real Property Disposal
Files.
• Entry 3 UDWW, Property Management & Disposal Service, Real Property Disposal
Files.
• Entry 4 UDWW, Property Management & Disposal Service, Real Property Disposal
Files.
• Entry 5 UDWW, Property Management & Disposal Service, Real Property Disposal
Files.
• Entry 6 UDWW, Property Management & Disposal Service, Real Property Disposal
Files.

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• Entry 7 UDWW, Property Management & Disposal Service, Real Property Disposal
Files.

Record Group 341: Records of Headquarters U.S. Air Force (Air Staff)
• Entry 18, Deputy Directory Facility Air Force Bases, U.S. Air Force (Air Staff).
• Entry 18 UDUP, Records of Headquarter U.S. Air Force.
• Entry 19, Directory of Installations.
• Entry 19 UDUP, Installations Decimal Files.
• Entry 126, Real Estate Documents, January 1941 through April 1967.
• Entry 269, Base Construction Case, 1958.
• Entry 271, Project Central, 1962.
• Entry 275, Missouri River Division Region Civil Engineer.
• Entry 277, Base Construction 1959.
• Entry 278, Mil Construction Program Missouri Basin, 1951-1955.
• Entry 279, Base Construction File 1961.
• Entry 280, Construction Project Control Files.
• Entry 494, Assistant Chief of Staff, Installations, Executive Office, Administrative
Services Branch, Correspondence regarding Air Force Real Estate Facilities, 1948-1955.
• Entry 495, Policy on Construction Matters 1950-1951.
• Entry N/A, Military Construction Program, Missouri Basin 1951-1955.

Record Group 342: Records of the U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and
Organizations
• Series 1025, Records of the 15th Air Force, 1948-1962.
• Series 1028, Records of the 3rd Air Division, 1949-1952.
• Series 1029, Records of the 3904th Composite Wing, 1951-1954.
• Series 1030, Records of the Continental Air Defense Command, 1949-1965.
• Series 1034, Records of the 36th Air Division, 1947-1959.
• Series 1035, Records of the 8th Air Force, 1950-1951.
• Series 1149, Records of the 7th Air Force, 1966-1968.

Record Group 394: Records of the U.S. Army Continental Commands, 1920-1942
• Entry 473, Title not available.

Record Group 407: Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1917- [NOTE: No end date
provided.]
• Entry 363A, Project Decimal Files, 1940-1945, Flying Fields.

Record Group 429: Records of the Organizations in the Executive Office of the President
(1963-1985)
• Entry 12, Federal Property Council; Central Real Property Surveys.
• Entry 17, Records Relating to Property and Installation Surveys, 1978-1984.

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2.2.2.3 Results of the Records Research at Archives II


Information collected at Archives II included the following:

• Bombing Range (Off-Installation) – Correspondence from April through July 1943


discusses need for surface danger zone at the Bombing Range at Otis Army Airfield,
Camp Edwards. The bombing range was reported as located between Coast Guard
Stations Numbers 42 and 44, (41° 36’ North, 69° 59’ West; these coordinates are
adjacent to Monomoy Island, Cape Cod, MA). Correspondence from 18-Dec-1943
discusses transferring jurisdiction of the Monomoy Point Pattern Bombing Range on
Cape Cod from Otis Field to Westover Field.
• Chemical Warfare Training/Materiel – Correspondence from 18-Nov-42 requested the
construction of gas instructional building for Army Air Base, Otis Field, Camp Edwards,
MA. No information on the location of the proposed gas instructional building was
included. The first Endorsement for the construction was issued 25-Nov-42.
Correspondence from January and February 1943 cancelled requests for a toxic gas yard
and chemical warfare storage for Otis Field.
• Ordnance Area – A 16-Jan-43 letter described the then current ordnance storage
conditions at Otis Field. Bombs were stored in the open with no protection other than a
twenty-four (24) hour guard. There was a fire brick warehouse which served as storage
for pyrotechnics. Small Arms ammunition was stored in a tin shed approximately 15’ X
15’. The shed was located on the main road of the Base under high tension wires near
barracks, hangar and a dispensary. By 23-Feb-43, the construction of new magazines to
correct the storage problem was 45% complete and being expedited. The location of the
new ordnance area was not included in the information. On 3-Jul-71, the Massachusetts
Air National Guard Base Civil Engineer made a request to update the Air National
Guard’s Real Property License at Otis AFB to add Building 120-Rocket Storage. The
request noted that the “main storage of rockets is co-located with base ammunition
storage area which is approximately six (6) miles from the ANG Flight Line.”

2.3 NARA Northeast Region, Boston, MA


The NARA Northeast Region, Boston, MA holdings consist of records from the geographic
areas of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Otis
ANGB is located in Massachusetts, one of the states for which the NARA Northeast Region,
Boston maintains records.

The office for NARA’s Northeast Region, Boston is located at:

Frederick C. Murphy Federal Center


380 Trapelo Road
Waltham, Massachusetts 02452-6399
Phone: (781) 663-0130
Fax: (781) 663-0154
E-mail: waltham.archives@nara.gov

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Research was conducted at NARA Northeast Region office in Boston in a two step process.
First, the on-line resources were reviewed. Second, an on-site visit was made to review records
of interest.

2.3.1 NARA Northeast Region On-Line Research


The on-line record resources for NARA’s Northeast Region office were reviewed for the RGs
described above in subsection 2.1. From the RGs listed, the on-line review identified the
following RGs for on-site review.

No. RG Title
1. 77 Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers
2. 121 Records of the Public Buildings Service
3. 269 Records of the General Services Administration
4. 270 Records of the War Assets Administration
5. 291 Records of the Federal Property Resources Service

The steps taken to identify these RGs are described below.

First, 41 of the 69 RGs listed in the guidance documents, referenced above in subsection 2.1.2,
were not listed in the on-line finding aids for NARA’s Northeast Region and as a result were
eliminated from investigation. Second, the following 28 RGs were researched further using on-
line resources.

No. RG Title
1. 18 Records of the Army Air Forces
2. 26 Records of the U.S. Coast Guard
3. 30 Records of the Bureau of Public Roads
4. 38 Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations
5. 48 Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior
6. 52 Records of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery
7. 57 Records of the U.S. Geological Survey
8. 71 Records of the Bureau of Yards and Docks
9. 77 Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers
10. 92 Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General
11. 96 Records of the Farmers Home Administration
12. 111 Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer
13. 112 Records of the Office of the Surgeon General (Army)
14. 121 Records of the Public Buildings Service
15. 127 Records of the U.S. Marine Corps
16. 145 Records of the Farm Service Agency
17. 156 Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance
18. 165 Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs
19. 181 Records of Naval Districts and Shore Establishments
20. 234 Records of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1928-1968
21. 237 Records of the Federal Aviation Administration
22. 269 Records of the General Services Administration

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23. 270 Records of the War Assets Administration


24. 291 Records of the Federal Property Resources Service
25. 319 Records of Army Staff
26. 336 Records of the Office of the Chief of Transportation, 1917-1966
27. 338 Records of the U.S. Army Commands
28. 407 Records of the Adjutant General’s Office 1917- [NOTE: No end date
provided.]

The following subsections summarize the information available on-line for the 28 RGs.

2.3.1.1 Record Group 18: Records of the Army Air Forces


Administrative History - The Army Air Forces (AAF) originated August 1, 1907, as the
Aeronautical Division in the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. After various reorganizations
and name changes, the Army Air Forces was established on March 9, 1942, under the Secretary
of War and the War Department General Staff. It served as the primary land-based air arm of the
American armed forces until it was detached from the Army and became the U.S. Air Force in
1947.

Until the onset of World War II, most field installations of the Army Air Forces and its
predecessors, such as airfields, schools, and administrative agencies, were located within the
borders of the United States and its Territories.

Records Description - Dates: 1917-18; Volume: 7 cubic feet

Records of the School of Military Aeronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,


Cambridge, Massachusetts. The records document the school's organization, operation, faculty,
curriculum, and student body. They consist of the commandant's and supply officer's
correspondence, general orders, and special orders.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory: Entries 647-650 in Maizie H. Johnson, comp., Preliminary
Inventory of the Textual Records of the Army Air Forces, NM 53 (1965); Sarah D. Powell and
Maizie H. Johnson, comps., Supplement to Preliminary Inventory NM 53, Textual Records of the
Army Air Force, NM 90 (1967).

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.2 Record Group 26: Records of the U.S. Coast Guard


Administrative History - The U.S. Coast Guard was established in the Department of the
Treasury by an act of January 28, 1915, which consolidated the Department's Revenue Cutter
and Lifesaving Services. The Coast Guard took over the administration of lighthouses in 1939,
and in 1942 assumed functions of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation (see RG 41)
relating to navigation and inspection laws and to merchant marines. On April 1, 1967, the Coast
Guard became a part of the Department of Transportation and assumed responsibility for
functions transferred to it from the Bureau of Customs (see RG 36) pertaining to the

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admeasurements and documentation of U.S. vessels. See RG 32, RG 36, and RG 41 for related
records.

Records Description - Dates: 1789-1983; Volume: 1,526 cubic feet

First Coast Guard District records as follows:

Records of Coast Guard cutters, lightships, light stations, and shore units, 1969-83. The records
document daily activities. They are logbooks.

Records of merchant marine vessels, 1941-66, maintained in accord with various acts of
Congress and surrendered when the vessels docked at Boston, Portland, Portsmouth, or
Providence. The records include the vessel's name and number; beginning and end dates of
voyages; destination(s); list of crew members showing work assignments, conduct reports, and
wages; and a summary of significant events, drills, and inspections. The records are logbooks.

Records of the Operations Division and Aids to Navigation Branch. The records are Aids to
Navigation Case Files, 1900-65, and 1975. They relate to the establishment, development,
operation and discontinuance of major aids to navigation, including lighthouses, light stations
and lightships, in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. Included are
correspondence, memorandums, authorizations to establish aids, notices to mariners, inspection
reports, and instructions to lighthouse keepers.
Non-textual records include charts indicating location of aids, blueprints, plot maps, and a few
photographs.

Records of the Commander, 1952-77. The records relate to discipline, entertainment, finance,
holidays, morale, pay rates, restrictions, and other subjects. Included are the administrative
manual, a numerical correspondence file, directives, issuances, notices, and publications.

Records of the Coast Guard Academy, New London, 1884-1969. The records document
individual cadets' applications for admission to the academy including application forms,
acceptances, grade transcripts, discipline reports, and letters of appointment and
recommendation; cadet rankings in both academic achievement and discipline; summer practice
cruises aboard Coast Guard training ships; and activities at different stations. Among the records
are class reports, directives, logbooks, and publications.

Records of the Office of the Superintendent, Coast Guard Academy, 1922-69. The records
document daily operations of the office, but also contain special correspondence with the
Congressional Board of Visitors. The records are the general correspondence file.

Records of the Collector of Customs, Boston, 1789-1819. The records relate to the location,
construction, repair, staffing, and maintenance of lighthouses. They are correspondence.

Records of the Collector of Customs for the Collection District of Newport, 1790-1902. Records
relate to the construction, operation, and maintenance of lighthouses at Block Island, Dutch
Island, Nayat Point, Newport (Beavertail), Point Judith, Poplar Point (Wickford), and Warwick

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Neck; and to construction, costs, outfitting, provisioning, and repairing of early revenue cutters.
They include correspondence, financial information, inventories, proposals and contracts, weekly
abstracts from vessel journals, and vessel logbooks.

Records of the First Coast Guard District, 1789-1977. The records relate to vessel
documentation and maritime activity for various New England ports. They include masters'
oaths, licenses, enrollments, mortgages, certificates of admeasurements, master carpenters'
certificates, bills of sale, entrances and clearances, accident reports, and similar records, many of
which were created by the U.S. Customs Service. Non-textual records include boundary line
maps, 1911-50.

Records of the Marine Inspection Office, 1905-74. The records document vessel inspection for
the ports of Boston, New London, Portland, and Providence, and include applications for
inspection, certificates of admeasurements, certificates of inspection, and hull and boiler
inspection reports. The records are initial vessel inspection files.

Records of the Marine Safety Office, 1907-35, and 1953-55. Records for 1907-35 document
seamen’s' wages, and include name of vessel, name of vessel captain, name of seaman, dates of
service, amount and date paid. They are logbooks. Records for 1953-55 are vessel bills of sale.

Records of the U.S. Lifesaving Service, 1873-1942. The records document daily station
activities along the New England coast, chiefly consisting of physical conditions at the station,
weather observations, crew strength, duty assignments, operational summaries, assistance given,
and, after 1915, names and addresses of families of station personnel. The records are station
logbooks.

Other records document shipwrecks along the New England coast, 1883-1918, and are wreck
reports.

Records of the U.S. Lighthouse Service, 1856-1927. The records document shipwrecks for
several New England locations, and are journals.

Finding Aids - Partial draft inventory; Item lists for some records; Entries 17B, 81, 241B, and
245 in Forrest R. Holdcamper, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the United States
Coast Guard, NC 32 (1963).

Related Microfilm Publications - M63, Lighthouse Letters, 1792-1809; M94, Lighthouse


Deeds and Contracts, 1790-1853; M1162, Records of the Collector of Customs for the
Collection District of New London, Connecticut, 1789-1938; M1373, Registers of Lighthouse
Keepers, 1845-1912; T925 , U.S. Coast Guard Casualty and Wreck Reports, 1913-1939; T926,
Index to U.S. Coast Guard Casualty and Wreck Reports, 1913-1939.

Result of On-Line Research: - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

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2.3.1.3 Record Group 30: Records of the Bureau of Public Roads


Administrative History - The Bureau of Public Roads had its origins in an act of March 3,
1893, which authorized the creation of an Office of Road Inquiry in the Department of
Agriculture. After a number of changes in title, the Office became the Bureau of Public Roads in
1918 and retained that designation until 1939 when it became the Public Roads Administration
as part of the Federal Works Agency. On July 1, 1949, it was transferred to the General Services
Administration and renamed the Bureau of Public Roads, which was then transferred to the
Department of Commerce by Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1949. An act of October 15, 1966
transferred the Bureau to the Department of Transportation where its functions were assigned to
the Federal Highway Administration.

Under the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916, the Bureau has supervised Federal-State cooperative
programs for road construction, reconstruction, and improvement. It also administers the
highway beautification program and is responsible for developing and administering highway
safety programs, constructing defense highways and roads in national parks and forests,
expanding the interstate highway system, and providing assistance to foreign governments.

Records Description - Dates: 1917-70; Volume: 150 cubic feet

Records of district offices in each New England State, consisting primarily of case files which
document funding on Federal-aid projects. Included are final reports, narrative progress reports,
plans and specifications, project agreements, and vouchers. Non-textual records include location
and right-of-way maps, and some photographs of construction activities.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory; Truman R. Strobridge, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the
Records of the Bureau of Public Roads, PI 134 (1962).

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.4 Record Group 38: Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval
Operations
Administrative History - The Office of the Chief of Naval Operations was established by an act
of March 3, 1915, to coordinate naval operational activities. Under the Office were the Office of
Naval Intelligence, the Board of Inspection and Survey, and the Naval Communication Service.
On April 8, 1942, an Executive order placed under this Office the Hydrographic Office and the
Naval Observatory.

The Chief of Naval Operations is the principal naval adviser to the President and the Secretary of
the Navy on the conduct of war, the principal naval executive and adviser to the Secretary of the
Navy on the administration of the Department, and the naval member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
He is responsible for the naval operating forces and associated bureaus and offices, manpower
and logistical services, research and development plans and activities, naval strategic planning,
the organization and training of naval forces, their preparation and readiness, and the
maintenance of a high level of quality among personnel and components of the Navy. See RG
165 for related records.

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Records Description – Dates: 1918-19; Volume: less than 1 cubic foot

Records of the Aide for Information, New London. The records relate to naval intelligence and
reported enemy espionage and submarine activity during World War I.

Finding Aids - Entry 228 in Harry Schwartz, Kenneth Bartlett, and Lyman Hinckley, comps.,
Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, NM 63
(1966).

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.5 Record Group 48: Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior
Administrative History - The Department of the Interior was created by an act of March 3,
1849. During the more than 130 years of its existence some functions have been added and
others removed so that its role has changed from that of general housekeeper for the Federal
Government to that of custodian of the nation's natural resources. The Secretary of the Interior,
as the head of an executive department, reports directly to the President and is responsible for the
direction and supervision of all activities of the Department.

Records Description - Dates: 1950-55; Volume: 3 cubic feet.

Records of the regional office relate to its role on the New England New York Inter-Agency
Committee (NENYIAC). The committee, a coalition of experts, was established in 1950 to
formulate an overall plan for the development, use, and conservation of land, water, and related
natural resources in New England and parts of New York. They include agendas,
correspondence, membership lists, minutes, interim reports, surveys, and the final report.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.6 Record Group 52: Records of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery
Administrative History - The Bureau of Medicine and Surgery was created by an act of
Congress of August 31, 1842, which abolished the Board of Navy Commissioners and
established the bureau system in the Department of the Navy. Until it was abolished October 1,
1982, by realignment directive of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, the functions of
the Bureau included the care of the sick and injured of the Navy; the administration of naval
dispensaries and hospitals; the medical examination of prospective officers and enlisted men and
of naval personnel seeking examinations or ordered to undergo them for various administrative
purposes; and the practice of preventive naval medicine, including inspections of ships and
stations to determine the degree of adequacy of food, water supply, arrangements for heat and
air, cleanliness, and related factors of health. See RG 181 for related records.

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Records Description - Dates: 1865-92; Volume: 3 cubic feet

Records of the U.S. Naval Hospital, Portsmouth (New Hampshire) Navy Yard relate to the
admission, subsistence, treatment, and discharge of patients; physical examinations for new
recruits and disability verification; and property and supply requirements. Included are
correspondence and reports.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.7 Record Group 57: Records of the U.S. Geological Survey


Administrative History - The Geological Survey was established in the Department of the
Interior by an act of March 3, 1879, providing for the "classification of the public lands and the
examination of the geological structure, mineral resources, and products of the public domain."
An act of September 5, 1962, expanded this authorization to examinations outside the public
domain, while topographical mapping and chemical and physical research were authorized by an
act of October 2, 1888. The Survey's chief functions are to survey, investigate, and conduct
research on the Nation's topography, geology, and mineral and water resources; classify land
according to mineral composition and water power resources; furnish engineering supervision
for power permits and Federal Power Commission licenses; supervise naval petroleum reserves
and mineral leasing operations on public and Indian lands; and disseminate data relating to these
activities.

Records Description - Dates: 1942-55; Volume: 3 cubic feet.

Records of the Branch of Regional Geology in New England, formerly a part of the Survey's
Conservation Division document the Survey's role in the New England New York Inter-Agency
Committee (NENYIAC). The committee, a coalition of experts, was established in 1950 to
formulate an overall plan for the development, use, and conservation of land, water, and related
natural resources in New England and parts of New York. Non-textual records include
annotated topographical maps of New York and New England relating to location of potential
dam sites and to a mineral resources study prepared in the early 1950s; strategic minerals
investigation maps for Maine, 1942-45; and geological maps showing mineral deposits, mostly
in western Massachusetts, prepared under a cooperative project with the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts Department of Public Works. Annotations on the maps show sources of
information, such as published reports, articles, and previous surveys, as well as names and
owners of mines, quarries, brickyards, and sand and gravel pits.

Other records documenting the Survey's role in NENYIAC include agendas, correspondence,
membership lists, minutes, and reports, 1950-55.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory; Lists of maps and folder titles.

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Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.8 Record Group 71: Records of the Bureau of Yards and Docks
Administrative History - The Bureau of Yards and Docks in 1862 replaced the Bureau of Naval
Yards and Docks, established in the Department of the Navy by an act of August 31, 1842.
Bureau functions included the design, construction, and maintenance of all naval public works
and utilities, such as dry docks, marine railways, shipbuilding ways, harbor structures, storage
facilities, power plants, heating and lighting systems, and buildings at shore establishments. The
Bureau also operated power plants, maintained public works and utilities at shore establishments,
and obtained real estate for Navy use. At advanced bases and in combat areas, Bureau work was
performed by construction battalions (Seabees). A DoD reorganization order of March 9, 1966,
abolished the Bureau, and the Secretary of the Navy transferred most of its functions to the
Naval Facilities Engineering Command.

Records Description - Dates: 1833-1921; Volume: 5 cubic feet.

Records of the following sites:

• Boston Navy Yard, 1833-34, 1836-43, 1849-50;


• New London Experimental Station, 1919;
• New London Submarine Base, 1920-21;
• Portsmouth Navy Yard, 1838-1851.

The records document daily events, including weather conditions, type and number of personnel,
and work assigned and accomplished. They are logbooks.

Finding Aids - Entry 91 in Richard C. Wood, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of
the Bureau of Yards and Docks, PI 10 (1948).

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.9 Record Group 77: Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers
Administrative History - The Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, with headquarters at
Washington, DC, was a result of orders of April 3, 1818. The military responsibilities of the
Office of the Chief of Engineers (OCE) have included producing and distributing Army maps,
building roads, planning camps, and constructing and repairing fortifications and other
installations.

Its civil duties have included maintaining and improving inland waterways and harbors,
formulating and executing plans for flood control, operating dams and locks, and approving
plans for construction of bridges, wharves, piers, and other works over navigable waters.
Expansion of the OCE's river and harbor improvement work after the Civil War necessitated the
establishment of district offices throughout the United States. The engineer officer in charge of

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each district reported directly to the Chief of Engineers until 1888 when engineer divisions were
created with administrative jurisdiction over the district offices. See RG 392 for related records.

Records Description - Dates: 1824-1990; Volume: 1057 cubic feet

Records of the Boston District Engineer Office, 1900-45. The records relate to fortifications and
civil works projects such as flood control, dredging, clearing of wrecks, construction of
breakwaters, and other improvements to navigation. They include correspondence, scientific
data, reports, and news clippings. Non-textual records include maps, charts, and photographs.

Records of the Portland, Maine, District Engineer Office, 1907-21. The records relate to civil
works projects such as dredging, construction of seawalls and breakwaters, flood control,
clearing of wrecks, and other improvements to navigation. Included are correspondence,
scientific data, survey and technical reports, congressional and legislative documents, minutes of
public hearings, economic impact studies and news clippings. Non-textual records include maps,
charts, and photographs.

Records of the Providence District Engineer Office, including the offices at New London, 1830-
1922; Newport, 1824-1922; and Providence, 1870-1946. The records relate to fortifications,
construction of defenses, and civil works such as river, harbor and electric power surveys, and
flood control. Included are correspondence, reports, circulars, journals of operations, field
notebooks, annual, monthly and daily reports, and proposals. Non-textual records include maps,
blueprints, and sketches.

Records of the New England Division Office, Boston, 1859-1990. The records relate primarily
to civil works projects such as beach erosion, dams, design and construction of post offices,
surveys and dredging of harbors and rivers, removal of wrecks and obstructions, electric power
projects, water treatment facilities, flood control and hurricane studies, and reservoirs in New
England. Individual series concern the Androscoggin River Basin, 1924-67; the Connecticut
River Basin, 1936-70; the Cape Cod Canal, 1890-1940; and interstate water resources, 1950-82.
Included are bulletins, comprehensive reports and studies, construction project files,
correspondence, environmental statements, memorandums, news clippings, scientific data,
operations manuals, orders, regulations, and survey reports. Non-textual records include aerial
photographs of Connecticut and western Massachusetts, 1965; photographs documenting
construction projects, 1934-80; and blueprints, oversized and annotated maps, charts, drawings,
plans, and tabulations, 1859-1970. There are some photographs of military projects, 1918-70.

Records of the Passamaquoddy Tidal Power Project, New England Division Office, Boston,
1920-65 (primarily 1926, 1936, and 1956). The records reflect efforts to construct dams in the
Passamaquoddy and Cobscook Bays in the United States and Canada, including the early private
efforts by civil engineer Dexter P. Cooper. The dams would use the unusually high tides in the
area to produce electricity. The International Passamaquoddy Engineering Board was
established to supervise the project. The dam was never completed on the U.S. side, although
Canada continued to research and build power-producing dams. Included are correspondence,
corrosion studies, cost estimates, newspaper clippings, and reports. Non-textual records include
maps, photographs, and plans.

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Records of the Boston Area Office, Manhattan Engineer District, 1942-46. The records
document plans and specifications for the Oak Ridge, Tennessee, "Y-12 Plant," which used the
electromagnetic method to produce fissionable uranium-235. They deal primarily with
procurement of supplies and equipment, and the design and construction of individual buildings.
The office worked closely with the Stone and Webster Corporation, a Boston engineering firm
with primary responsibility for constructing the Oak Ridge plant and town site. The records are
field program reports, general correspondence, organizational charts, and personnel rosters.

Records of the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratories, Hanover, New
Hampshire, 1965-79. The records document research on snow, ice, and permafrost, military
engineering and construction, environmental and quality assessments, and program and budget
planning. They include laboratory notebooks, progress reports, technical reports, and five year
plans.

Finding Aids - Draft inventories for the Manhattan Engineer District, Passamaquoddy Project,
and Boston area office records; Entries 615-621, 623-649, 651, 653-734, and 736-739 in Maizie
H. Johnson, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the Office of the Chief of
Engineers, Part II: Records of Engineer Divisions and Districts, NM45 (1965).

Related Microfilm Publications - M65, Letters Sent by the Office of Chief of Engineers
Relating to Internal Improvements, 1824-1830; M66, Letters Sent by the Topographical Bureau
of the War Department and by Successor Divisions in the Office of the Chief of Engineers, 1829-
1870.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was selected for further research.

2.3.1.10 Record Group 92: Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General
Administrative History - In 1818, Congress created a Quartermaster's Department under a
single Quartermaster General to ensure an efficient system of supply and accountability of Army
officers charged with monies or supplies. At various times, the Quartermaster has been
responsible for procurement and distribution of supplies, pay, transportation, and construction.
After a number of changes in functions and command relationships, Congress authorized a
Quartermaster Corps in 1912 and designated its chief the Quartermaster General in 1914. The
Corps was responsible for the operation of a number of general supply depots and sub depots
throughout the United States. The Office of the Quartermaster General was abolished in 1962.

Records Description - Dates: 1819-1955; Volume: 7 cubic feet.

Records of the following units: Office of the Quartermaster, Boston, 1819-1838; Office of the
(Army) Construction Quartermaster, Boston, 1920-21; Construction Quartermaster, Portland,
1902-06; and Construction Quartermaster, Newport, 1902-03. The records document the
functions, responsibilities, and activities of the area quartermasters. (The Maine records
document land acquisition, new construction, furnishings, utilities, maintenance and repair work,
especially at Forts Levett, McKinley, Preble, and Williams near Portland.) They include

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abstracts, bills of lading, and correspondence. Non-textual records include drawings, maps in a
bound volume, and plans.

Records of the 457th Quartermaster Depot, Fort Devens, Massachusetts, 1951-55. The records
relate primarily to the assumption of command and are general orders.

Records of the Boston Quartermaster Depot, 1918-22, 1941-47. The records relate to wool
control, purchasing, and distribution, and to the wreck and salvaged cargo of the S.S. Port
Hunter, lost in a collision in November 1918. The records include correspondence, historical
summaries, memorandums, orders, and other issuances.

Records of the Climatic Research Laboratory, Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1946-48. The records
relate to assumption of command, awards, appointments and duty assignments, troop information
and education, and other administrative matters. They are orders and memorandums.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory; List of plans and drawings; Entries 400-403, 1080, 1081, 1990,
and 1997 in Maizie H. Johnson, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the
Office of the Quartermaster General, NM 81 (1967); Entry 2124 in Maizie H. Johnson, comp.,
Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General, Part
II, NM 85 (1967).

Related Microfilm Publications - M1845, Card Records of Headstones Provided for Deceased
Union Civil War Veterans, ca. 1879-ca. 1903; M2014, Burial Registers for Military Posts,
Camps, and Stations, 1768-1921.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.11 Record Group 96: Records of the Farmers Home Administration


Administrative History - The Farmers Home Administration (FHA) was established in the
Department of Agriculture by an act of August 14, 1946, to succeed the Farm Security
Administration (FSA), which had been established in 1937. The FSA succeeded the
Resettlement Administration, which had been established in 1935 to administer rural
rehabilitation and land programs begun in 1933 under the Subsistence Homesteads Division of
the Department of the Interior and the Federal Emergency Relief Administration.

The FHA provides small farmers with credit to construct or repair homes, improve farming
operations, or become farm owners, and gives individual guidance in farm and home
management.

Records Description - Dates: 1934-47; Volume: 115 cubic feet.

Records of the regional director's office, 1935-47. The records document local agricultural and
economic history, and are primarily general correspondence.

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Records of selected county offices in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont, 1934-44. The
records document paid-in-full rural rehabilitation loans and include "farm and home management
plans" submitted by loan applicants, which contain information about the farm family's assets,
expenses, food consumption, income, and production. The records are case files.

Records of the Rural Rehabilitation Division, 1937-46. The records document farm ownership
loan applications and approvals. They are case files which include appraisal reports,
correspondence, deeds, insurance certificates, loan agreements, and mortgages.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory; Entries 31-34, 36-38, 42-44, and 133 in Stanley W. Brown and
Virgil E. Baugh, comps., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Farmers Home
Administration, PI 118 (1959).

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.12 Record Group 111: Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer
Administrative History - The Signal Corps, administered by the Chief Signal Officer, was
provisionally established by War Department General Order 73 of March 24, 1863.

Records Description - Dates: 1942-45; Volume: less than 1 cubic foot.

Records of the Boston Signal Depot. The records document office procedures and organization,
and the procurement, storage and issuance of signal supplies and equipment. The records are
general correspondence.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.13 Record Group 112: Records of the Office of the Surgeon General
(Army)
Administrative History - The Office of the Surgeon General was established by an act of 14
April 1818. The office is the headquarters of the Army Medical Department, whose mission is to
maintain the health of the Army and conserve its fighting strength. Components of the Office
include the Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Veterinary Corps, Medical Service Corps, Army Nurse
Corps, and Army Medical Specialist Corps.

Records Description - Dates: 1950-62; Volume: 1 cubic foot.

Records of the U.S. Army Hospital, Fort Devens, Massachusetts, and Murphy Army Hospital,
Waltham, Massachusetts. The records document hospital administration and operation and
consist of general orders, organizational planning files, and reports.

Finding Aids - List of folder titles.

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Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.14 Record Group 121: Records of the Public Buildings Service


Administrative History - Federal construction activities outside the District of Columbia were
performed by individual agencies and, to some extent, by special commissions and officers
appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury until 1853, when a Construction Branch was created
in the Department of the Treasury. The Branch later became the Bureau of Construction in the
Office of the Supervising Architect, and that office, in turn, was transferred in 1933 to the Public
Buildings Branch of the Procurement Division. The Public Buildings Administration was
created in the Federal Works Agency in 1939 by consolidating the Public Buildings Branch and
the National Park Service's Branch of Buildings Management. The latter branch had inherited
responsibilities for Federal construction in the District of Columbia from the Office of Public
Buildings and Public Parks of the National Capitol.

An act of June 30, 1949 abolished the Public Buildings Administration and transferred its
functions to the newly established General Services Administration (GSA). The Public
Buildings Service was established December 11, 1949, by the Administrator of General Services
to assume the functions once assigned to the Public Buildings Administration.

The Public Buildings Service designs, constructs, manages, maintains, and protects most
Federally-owned and -leased buildings. It is also responsible for the acquisition, utilization, and
custody of GSA real and related personal property. See RG 181, RG 269, RG 270, and RG 291
for related records.

Records Description - Dates: 1932-78; Volume: 70 cubic feet.

Records of the Office of the Director of Regional Financial Management, 1943-76. The records
are real property case files which document the disposal, through sale or donation, of Federal
property in New England such as airfields, forts and other former military installations, hospitals,
lighthouses, post offices, and other lands and buildings to State and local governments or private
individuals. Included are correspondence, deeds, historical narratives, and reports of survey and
title searches. Non-textual records include occasional maps and photographs.

Records of the Operational Planning Staff, 1950-78. The records relate to acquisition and
management of urban renewal sites and government buildings, including the Government
Center, Boston, in New England cities. They contain socio-economic, historical, and
environmental impact data. The records are construction planning files including appraisal
reports, correspondence, and title documents. Non-textual records include a few maps and
photographs.

Records of the Boston Regional Office, 1932-46. The records relate to Boston coastal and
harbor defenses, primarily at Gallop's Island and Fort Ruckman. They are contextual records,
including blueprints, drawings, and tracings.

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Records of the Design and Construction Branch, 1950-67. The records relate to significant
Federal buildings in New England, such as the Customs House, Providence, Rhode Island; the
John F. Kennedy Federal Building, Boston, Massachusetts; and the Arsenal, Watertown,
Massachusetts. The records also document border patrol stations, courthouses, customs houses,
post offices, and parking facilities. They are contextual records including architectural drawings
and blueprints.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory including a list of sites.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was selected for further research.

2.3.1.15 Record Group 127: Records of the U.S. Marine Corps


Administrative History - The U.S. Marine Corps was created by an act of July 11, 1798, which
authorized the Commandant of the Corps to appoint an adjutant, a paymaster, and a
quartermaster. Around those three staff officers and the Commandant the branches of Marine
Corps Headquarters developed. Although the Corps was at first subject to both Army and Navy
regulations, an act of June 30, 1834, placed it under exclusive Department of the Navy control,
except for units detached by Presidential order for Army service. A staff system in the
Headquarters organization was begun in 1918 when the first of many sections and divisions was
created in the Office of the Commandant. When Headquarters was reorganized along General
Staff lines in 1952, the Division of Plans and Policies was abolished and its sections, G-1
through G-4, were elevated to divisional status under assistant chiefs of staff.

The Commandant of the Marine Corps is directly responsible to the Secretary of the Navy for all
administrative and operational matters affecting the Corps. These include providing amphibious
forces for service with the fleet in seizing and defending advanced naval bases, and conducting
land operations essential to a naval campaign. Other duties include providing detachments to
serve on naval ships and to protect property of naval activities. See RG 181 for related records.

Records Description - Dates: 1828-1938; Volume: 75 cubic feet.

Records of the Marine Barracks at:

• Boston, Massachusetts, 1828-1938;


• New London, Connecticut, 1910-11;
• Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1824-26, 1896-1908.

The records document activities at the barracks, and include correspondence, morning and day
reports, descriptive lists, and orders.

Finding Aids - Entries 97-102, 104, and 115 in Fred G. Halley, comp., Preliminary Checklist of
the Records of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1798-1944, PC 50 (1946).

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

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2.3.1.16 Record Group 145: Records of the Farms Service Agency


Administrative History - The Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS) had
its beginnings in the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) established in the
Department of Agriculture under the Adjustment Act of May 12, 1933. After numerous changes
by statute and reorganizations by the Department of Agriculture, the ASCS was established on
June 5, 1961.

The ASCS is the agency that administers commodity and related land use programs designed for
voluntary production adjustment, resource protection, and price, market, and farm income
stabilization.

Records Description - Dates: 1936-82; Volume: 3 cubic feet.

Records of the Vermont State Office pertaining to Federal cost-sharing with farmers in a number
of closely-related programs (e.g. Agricultural Conservation, Forestry Incentive, and Rural
Environmental Assistance) to increase food production and make better use of soil, forage,
water, and woodland resources. They are State and county handbooks.

Records of county agents, Newport County, Rhode Island, pertaining to work of the county
agricultural agent, home demonstration agent, and 4-H Club agent. These agents were
cooperative Federal employees whose mission was to teach and demonstrate sound practices in
agriculture and home economics, and foster the general improvement and development of rural
living. Records include correspondence, reports, transcripts of radio broadcasts, and a few news
articles and press releases.

Finding Aids - Not available.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.17 Record Group 156: Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance
Administrative History - The Ordnance Department was established as an independent bureau
of the War Department by an act of May 14, 1812. It was responsible for the procurement and
distribution of ordnance and equipment, the maintenance and repair of equipment, and the
development and testing of new types of ordnance. The Department was abolished in 1962, and
its functions were transferred to the U.S. Army Materiel Command.

Among the field establishments maintained by the Ordnance Department within the United
States have been armories, arsenals, and ordnance depots, district offices, and plants. See RG
338 for related records.

Records Description - Dates: 1794-1962; Volume: 456 cubic feet.

Records of the following facilities:


• Boston Ordnance District, Massachusetts, 1918-20, 1936-52;

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• Bridgeport Ordnance District, Connecticut, 1918-19; 1929-32 ;


• Champlain Arsenal, Vermont, 1828-65;
• Kennebec Arsenal, Maine, 1831-1901;
• Scituate Proving Ground, Massachusetts, 1918-21;
• Springfield Armory, Massachusetts, 1794-1952;
• Springfield Ordnance District, Massachusetts, 1947-50;
• Watertown Arsenal, Massachusetts, 1820-1962;
• other ordnance plants and foundries, 1882-1944.

The records document administrative matters involving the commanding officer and his staff;
civilian and military personnel; inspections; expenditures; research, development and testing
activities; shops, buildings, and laboratories; work accomplished by employees and contractors;
and inventories of ordnance materials. They consist of general correspondence, historical
summaries, publications, orders, pay and muster rolls, reports and returns, scrapbooks, and press
clippings. Non-textual records include photographs, architectural drawings, and a few site maps.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory; Entries 1185-1187, 1300-1321, 1350-1414, 1544, 1546, 1547,
1620-1624, 1654, 1659-1664,1668- 1670, and 1688 in Evelyn Wade and Garry D. Ryan, comps.,
Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance. Part II:
Records of Ordnance Field Installations, NM 59 (1965).

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.1.3.18 Record Group 165: Records of the War Department General and Special
Staffs
Administrative History - A War Department General Staff was authorized by Congress on
February 14, 1903, to include a Chief of Staff, a General Council, and three divisions, which,
after frequent reorganizations, developed into the Personnel Division (G-1), the Military
Intelligence Division (G-2), the Organization and Training Division (G-3), the Supply Division
(G-4), and the War Plans Division (Operations Division after 1942). The General Staff was a
separate and distinct staff organization with supervision over most military branches, both line
and staff. Its duties were to prepare plans for national defense and mobilization of military
forces in time of war, to investigate and report on questions affecting Army efficiency and
preparedness, and to give professional aid to the Secretary of War, general officers, and other
superior commanders.

Under provisions of the National Security Act of 1947, the War Department became the
Department of the Army within the newly created National Military Establishment, which was
renamed the DoD in 1949. See RG 38 for related records.

Records Description - Dates: 1918-19; Volume: 12 cubic feet.

Records of the Boston and New Haven district offices of the Plant Protection Section, Military
Intelligence Division. The records document the work of the Military Department of the
Northeast, which, along with other police and intelligence agencies, inspected plants and

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warehouses of companies producing goods for the war effort. There is documentation of alleged
seditious behavior or pro-German sentiment among employees; anarchists; the International
Workers of the World union; Bolshevik activity; and strikes and labor unrest. Also included are
descriptions of the company's buildings and the goods and services it provided, and lists of
employees and officials. The records are primarily correspondence. Non-textual records include
blueprints and plans.

Finding Aids - Entries 118-121 in Harry W. John and Olive K. Liebman, comps., Preliminary
Inventory of the Textual Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs, NM 84
(1967).

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.19 Record Group 181: Records of Naval Districts and Shore


Establishments
Administrative History - Soon after its establishment in 1798, the Department of the Navy
created navy yards and other fleet service shore establishments. A system of naval districts for
the United States, its territories, and possessions was not formally established, however, until
1903. This system was supervised by the Bureau of Navigation until 1915 when it became the
responsibility of the Chief of Naval Operations. By the end of World War II, the districts
exercised almost complete military and administrative control over naval operations within their
limits, including naval shipyards, stations, training stations, air installations, and advance bases.
See RG 24, RG 71, and RG 127 for related records.

Records Description - Dates: 1811-1974; Volume: 2,123 cubic feet.

Records of the following facilities:


• Connecticut:
o U.S. Naval District Base, New London, 1917-19;
o U.S. Navy Submarine Base, New London, 1940-52; 1956-61;
o Supervisor of Shipbuilding, Construction, and Repair, Groton, 1958-68;
• Maine:
o Brunswick Naval Air Station, 1942-53;
• Massachusetts:
o Commandant and Assistant Chief of Staff, 1st Naval District, Boston, 1903-61;
o Industrial Manager, 1st Naval District, Boston, 1951-65;
o Public Works Officer, 1st Naval District, Boston, 1939-65;
o Supervisor of Shipbuilding, Conversion, and Repair, 1st Naval District, Boston, 1966-
68;
o Port Director, Boston, 1940-47;
o Commander, Boston Navy Yard, 1815-1968;
o South Weymouth Naval Air Station, 1944-53;
o Squantum (Boston) Naval Reserve Aviation Base, 1930-43;
• New Hampshire:
o Commander, Portsmouth Naval Base, 1893-1966;

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o Commander, Portsmouth Navy Yard, 1815-1966;


o U.S. Naval Prison, Portsmouth, 1908-40, 1961-74;
• Rhode Island:
o U.S. Naval Base, Newport, 1956, 1966-72;
o U.S. Naval Training Station, Newport, 1894-1952;
o Naval Air Rework Facility, Quonset Point, 1941-73;
o Miscellaneous naval activities in New England, 1941-68.

The records document naval activities in New England and the establishment of the United
States as a major naval power. Many records relate to administration and operation of shipyards;
construction, alteration, repair, outfitting, commissioning, and decommissioning of vessels;
logistical support to fleet and shore activities; acquisition and disposal of real estate; and liaison
with other navy activities. Included are command histories, correspondence, issuances,
logbooks, reports, and other central files. Non-textual records include drawings of ships,
buildings, and materials at the Boston Navy Yard, 1856-92, and photographs of naval facilities in
New England, 1939-70.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory; Records of Naval Districts and Shore Establishments in the
Regional Archives Part of Record Group 181, SL 58 (1991); Richard G. Wood, comp.,
Preliminary Checklist of the Records of the Boston Navy Yard, 1811-1942, PC 40 (1946); Entries
1-9, 60-132, 459-498, 716-718, and 796 in Harry Schwartz and Lee Saegesser, comps.,
Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of Naval Districts and Shore Establishments, NM
72 (1966).

Related Microfilm Publications - M89, Letters Received by the Secretary of the Navy From
Commanding Officers of Squadrons, 1841-1886; M118, History of the Boston Navy Yard, 1797-
1874, by Commodore George H. Preble, U.S.N., 1875; T1017, Historical Records of the
Newport Naval Training Station, Rhode Island, 1883-1948; T1023, Plans of Buildings and
Machinery Erected in the Navy Yard, Boston, 1830-1840.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.20 Record Group 234: Records of the Reconstruction Finance


Corporation, 1928-1968
Administrative History - The Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) was established by an
act of January 22, 1932. It was authorized to extend financial aid to agriculture, commerce and
industry by means of direct loans to banks and other credit agencies and, upon approval by the
Interstate Commerce Commission, to railroads. Later legislation authorized the RFC to purchase
certain capital stock and make loans, to assist in financing construction of public works and
various self-liquidating projects, and to accept drafts and bills of exchange drawn upon the RFC
by purchasers abroad of American products.

The RFC was organized as a Government business corporation, with a considerable degree of
independence, but (unlike most Federal agencies) directly accountable to Congress. Under the
law that created it, the RFC would have expired after 10 years (in 1942), but amendments

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extended its life several times. It eventually was abolished on 30 June 1957, after a rundown that
had begun in 1953. Loan agencies were established in the field, usually in cities that had Federal
Reserve banks.

Records Description - Dates: 1944-53; Volume: less than 1 cubic foot.

Records of the Central Advisory Committee of the Boston Loan Agency. The records document
actions taken on loan applications, and include memorandums and minutes of meetings.

Finding Aids - Entry 33 in Charles Zaid, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation, 1932-1964, PI 173 (1973).

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.21 Record Group 237: Records of the Federal Aviation Administration


Administrative History - The Civil Aeronautics Act of June 23, 1938, established an
independent Civil Aeronautics Authority "to promote the development and safety and to provide
for the regulation of civil aeronautics." In 1940, the authority was divided into a Civil
Aeronautics Board with safety regulatory authority and a Civil Aeronautics Administration to
enforce civil air regulations; aid in the development of a national airport system; and plan,
construct, and operate the Federal Airways System. Both organizations were part of the
Department of Commerce until the establishment in 1958 of the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA)
which assumed all of their functions. The FAA became a part of the Department of
Transportation by an act of October 15, 1966, and was re-designated the Federal Aviation
Administration.

Records Description - Dates: 1980-82; Volume: 21 cubic feet.

Records of the Human Resource Management Division. The records are labor relation
arbitration case files, relating to the 1980 strike by the Professional Air Traffic Controllers
Organization (PATCO), one of the first major labor problems of the Reagan presidency. The
files include copies of individual grievances; notes and memorandums relating to their
processing or investigation; correspondence; briefs, findings, and decisions; and arbitrators'
reports.

Finding Aids - List of grievants.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.22 Record Group 269: Records of the General Services Administration


Administrative History - The GSA was established as an independent agency by the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of June 30, 1949. The act consolidated and transferred
to GSA certain real and personal property and related functions formerly assigned to various
agencies. Its purpose is to provide an economical and efficient system for managing

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Government property and services, such as activities as constructing and operating buildings,
procuring and distributing supplies, disposing of surplus property, managing traffic and
communications, and stockpiling strategic and critical materials.

Records Description - Dates: 1940-72; Volume: 36 cubic feet.

Records of the Real Property Division and the Office of Regional Counsel. The records are real
property case files, which document the disposal by sale or donation of Federal property such as
former military installations, lighthouses, housing projects, post offices, and hospitals in New
England. They include cost estimates, appraisal reports, bids, correspondence, deeds,
memorandums, newspaper clippings, and reports of survey and title searches. Non-textual
records include maps, photographs, and plot plans.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory including list of sites.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was selected for further research.

2.3.1.23 Record Group 270: Records of the War Assets Administration


Administrative History - The War Assets Administration (WAA) was established in the Office
for Emergency Management by Executive order on March 25, 1946. The chief WAA function
was the disposal of surplus consumer, capital, and producer goods; industrial and maritime real
property; and airports and aircraft located in the United States and its Territories. The WAA was
abolished by an act of June 30, 1949, and its functions were transferred to the newly created
General Services Administration.

Records Description - Dates: 1946-49; Volume: 30 cubic feet.

Records of the Office of Real Property. The records document disposal of real property, such as
industrial and airport properties, including the reporting of property as excess, notification of
availability, inspection and appraisal, and approval of disposition. They consist primarily of case
files. Non-textual records include maps, photographs, and plot plans.

Finding Aids - List of sites.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was selected for further research.

2.3.1.24 Record Group 291: Records of the Federal Property Resources Service
Administrative History - The Property Management and Disposal Service (PMDS), established
July 29, 1966, by the Administrator of General Services, assumed functions formerly assigned to
the Defense Materials Service and the Utilization and Disposal Service. PMDS acquired, stored,
and managed inventories of strategic and critical materials and promoted maximum utilization of
Federal personal and real property through donations, sales, and other authorized methods. Its
real property disposal functions were transferred to the Public Buildings Service in 1973, and
subsequently to the Federal Property Resources Service in 1978.

Records Description - Dates: 1945-89; Volume: 65 cubic feet.

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Records of the Utilization and Disposal Service. The records relate to disposal of Federal
property such as hospitals, housing projects, lighthouses, former military installations, and post
offices in New England. Included are appraisal reports, bids, correspondence, cost estimates,
declarations of excess and certifications of surplus, deeds, instruments of conveyance, newspaper
clippings, and reports of survey and title searches. Non-textual records include maps,
photographs, and plot plans.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory including lists of sites.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was selected for further research.

2.3.1.25 Record Group 319: Records of the Army Staff


Administrative History - The Army Staff, dating from 1947, is the military staff of the
Secretary of the Army and includes the Chief of Staff and his immediate assistants, the Army
General Staff, the Special Staff, and the Administrative and Technical Staffs. Its duties include
preparing plans, investigating and reporting on Army efficiency and readiness, preparing
instructions for and supervising Army operations, and representing the Secretary of the Army
and the Chief of Staff to all DoD organizations. It is also responsible for administrative support
such as finances services.

The Chief of Finance, part of various subdivisions of the Army Staff, has operated field offices
including finance officers and schools.

Records Description - Dates: 1949-54; Volume: less than 1 cubic foot.

Records of the Finance Office, U.S. Army, Boston Army Base. The records document office
policy and procedures for both military and civilian personnel, and are primarily memorandums.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.26 Record Group 336: Records of the Office of the Chief of Transportation,
1917-1966
Administrative History - The Office of the Chief of Transportation was established in the
Services of Supply (SOS), War Department on March 2, 1942, to head the Transportation
Division. It was abolished by General Order 39 of December 1, 1964.

Within the United States, the Office administered a variety of field installations and functions,
including ports of embarkation, port agencies, transportation depots, offices, and zones. See RG
181 for related records.

Records Description - Dates: 1942-46; Volume: 8 cubic feet.

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Records of the:

• Boston Port Conditions Committee;


• Boston Port Agency;
• Boston Port of Embarkation, including Camp McKay, Camp Myles Standish, Camp
Curtis Guild, the Maynard Ammunition Storage Depot, and other staging areas in
Massachusetts;
• cargo sub port of Searsport, Maine;
• various Canadian ports;
• Newfoundland, Greenland, and Iceland Base Commands;
• First Transportation Zone.

The records document operations and organization and include circulars, general orders,
issuances, manuals, memorandums, minutes of committee meetings and conferences, and
reports.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.27 Record Group 338: Records of the U.S. Army Commands


Administrative History - The present system of U.S. Army commands, which are organized
both functionally and geographically, emerged from a War Department reorganization of
February 28, 1942. The system has a complex administrative structure including massive
domestic and overseas operations. See RG 156 for related records.

Records Description - Dates: 1942-85; Volume: 93 cubic feet

Records of the General Support Maintenance Activity at Loring Air Force Base, Maine, 1965,
and the U.S. Army Advisor Group (ARNGUS) in each New England State, 1951-64. The
records document the command structure and the activities conducted at each facility. Included
are planning files and issuances (mostly general orders).

Records of Headquarters, Engineer Amphibian Command, Camp Edwards, Massachusetts, 1942-


44. The records relate to the development and testing of transport and landing equipment and
include reports and correspondence. Non-textual records include design and construction
drawings of equipment and maps of testing and operating areas.

Records of the Public Affairs Office, Watertown Arsenal, Massachusetts, 1962-65. The records
document programs, activities, and accomplishments at the arsenal and recognition of its
employees. They are organizational history files, scrapbooks, and news clippings. Non-textual
records include photographs relating primarily to the Army Materials Research Agency.

Records of the Army Materials Research Agency (AMRA), Watertown, Massachusetts, 1962-67.
The records document the work of the Historical Officer and the Public Affairs Officer. They

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include correspondence, historical summaries, organizational history files, publications including


the employee newspaper, Arsenal News, 1945-65, subject files, and technical and other reports.
Non-textual records include photographs and a few site maps.

Records of the Army Materials and Mechanics Research Center (AMMRC), Watertown,
Massachusetts, 1967-85. The records document the work of the scientific staff and the Public
Affairs Office, and consist of correspondence, laboratory notebooks, organizational history files,
publications, and technical reports. Non-textual records include drawings of the nuclear reactor
facility, photographs, and site maps.

Records of the Army Materials Technology Laboratory (AMTL), Watertown, Massachusetts,


1985-88. The records document research on ceramics, materials, and metals. They are
laboratory notebooks.

Finding Aids - Partial draft inventory.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

2.3.1.28 Record Group 407: Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1917-
[NOTE: No end date provided.]
Administrative History - The Adjutant General's Office (AGO) was given authority to assign,
promote, transfer, retire, and discharge all Army officers and enlisted men under the National
Defense Act of 1916. In 1942, it was placed under the Commanding General, Services of
Supply (later Army Service Forces). It has responsibility for administrative services including
records accounting, management, and publications. The Office's responsibilities were
transferred in 1946 to the General Staff, and in 1947 to the new Department of the Army, Deputy
Chief of Staff for Personnel. By memorandum, U.S. Army Chief of Staff, November 17, 1986,
the Adjutant General was removed from the Army Staff, and title and lineage were transferred to
the Director of Personnel Service Support, Military Personnel Center.

The AGO had responsibility for such administrative services as operation of the Army personnel
statistical and accounting system, records management, publications, postal services, and special
and heraldic services of the Army. The field offices of the AGO within the United States include
publication centers.

Records Description - Dates: 1951-53; Volume: 1 cubic foot.

Records of the Adjutant General Publications Depot, Westfield, Massachusetts. The records
relate to operations and activities, and include correspondence, memorandums, orders,
organizational charts and functional statements, reports, and weekly bulletins.

Finding Aids - Draft inventory.

Result of On-Line Research - This RG was eliminated from further research. No records were
indicated that would be relevant to this HRR-SC report.

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2.3.1 NARA Northeast Region On-Site Research


After the researchers reviewed NARA’s on-line resources to select RGs that contain records
related to the site, the researchers spoke with NARA’s Archivists to confirm and further refine
the list of RGs. Finally, individual finding aids at each archive were reviewed and boxes of
documents were selected to review.

2.3.2 Results of the Records Research at NARA Northeast Region


The information found relevant to this HRR-SC Report included the following:

• Target Butt – On 5-Jun-62, an “Invitation for Bids, Bid and Acceptance; Sale and
Removal of Buildings (or other Real Estate Improvements) located at - Otis AFB,
Falmouth, MA” included Building No. 5001, a 909 square foot Range Control House.
The information did not include the type of range or location of the range. [NOTE: This
site was identified as a target butt due to the references to a range house at a target butt at
other sites investigated as part of the 137 CSE Phase I MMRP investigations.]

2.4 National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, MO


The National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) is one of NARA's largest facilities. It is a
central repository for personnel-related records, both military and civil service. The NPRC also
maintains archived military records, but does not maintain on-line finding aids.

National Personnel Records Center


9700 Page Ave.
St. Louis, MO 63132-5100
Telephone: 314-801-9250
Fax: 314-801-9269
Email: cpr.center@nara.gov

Manual inventories developed by the NPRC and the USACE St. Louis were reviewed to conduct
research at the NPRC.

2.4.1 NPRC On-Line Research


The NPRC does not maintain on-line finding aids for the records stored at the facility. No
formal finding aids are available for the records. Manual inventories of the boxes of documents
have been developed by the NPRC. The USACE St. Louis has developed a rudimentary list of
boxes and their contents. The information developed by the NPRC and the USACE St. Louis
were reviewed to develop a list of 412 boxes potentially related to this HRR-SC Report.

2.4.2 NPRC On-Site Research


The NPRC was visited and the box list developed as potentially related to this report was used as
a guide for the records search. Two RGs were available for review: RG 338, Records of the
U.S. Army Commands and RG 342, Records of the U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and
Organization. [NOTE: The NPRC records do not have the Entry System level identification of
box content used by the other NARA facilities.] Below is a list of the boxes reviewed for this
HRR-SC Report.

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RG Accession Box/Boxes Description


Number

338 Not Applicable Not Applicable No boxes were found in the finding aids for Record Group 338: Records of
the U.S. Army Commands at the NPRC for Otis ANGB.
342 342-48O6020 Boxes 1 through 4 1 FIGHTCOMD INSTAL DEV 1942-46
of 4
342 342-52A5106 Box 1 of 1 AIRPROVMARORLANDO GEN CORRES 1951
342 342-52H4005 Box 7 of 82 CNTNLAIRCOMD MITCHELL GEN CORRES 1950
342 342-58F6143 Boxes 8 and 9 of ROME AFD PLT REC 1950-54
15
342 342-62B1115 Box 4 of 39 W-P INSTALL DEV 1958
342 342-64L1443 Box 5 of 8 AIRDEFCOMD ENT GEN CORRES 1959-61
342 342-76B0017 Box 70 of 149 W-P GEN CORRES 1950 - - Reboxed from 342-52B3007

2.4.3 Results of the Records Research at the NPRC


No documents were found relevant to this report.

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3.0 U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS


This section provides information on the activities related to the review and collection of
documents from the USACE.

3.1 USACE Topographic Engineering Center Alexandria, VA


The USACE Topographic Engineering Center (TEC) and the TEC Imagery Office (TIO) is the
USACE’s central point for research, acquisition and dissemination of commercial imagery, with
an extensive in-house imagery library with on-line access through ESRI software plug-in and
web-based search tool.

USACE Topographic Engineering Center


7701 Telegraph Road
Alexandria, VA 22315-3864
703-428-6600, x2433

The TEC offers experience with: the imagery research/collection architecture and the National
Geospatial Agency (NGA); NGA ClearView and NextView commercial imagery contract
vehicles/licensing; the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) imagery products catalog/search/order
tools; imagery processing services such as pan-sharpening, creating mosaics, format or bit
conversion; and is a central repository for Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR),
Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (IFSAR), and Terra-Explorer Fly-Thru’s.
(http://www.tec.army.mil/)

3.1.1 Background on the USACE TEC and TIO


The mission of the TEC is to provide the war fighter with a superior knowledge of the battlefield
and to support the nation's civil and environmental initiatives. This mission is accomplished
through research, development, and the application of expertise in topographic and related
sciences.

The TIO was designated by the Office of the Assistant Chief of Engineers (OCE/P) in 1990 to
act as the U.S. Army’s Commercial Imagery Acquisition monitor. This action was designed to
prevent Army agencies/organizations from duplicating commercial imagery data purchases. In
addition, TIO was designated as the repository of selected commercial imagery data pertaining to
terrain analysis and water resources operations.

The primary goal for the TIO is to provide commercial imagery at no cost. The TIO utilizes the
NGA Commercial Satellite Imagery Library (CSIL) daily in order to research the availability of
this no cost data. The CSIL currently has more than 300,000 scenes of commercial imagery, to
include IKONOS (IKONOS is a commercial earth observation satellite, and was the first to
collect publicly available high-resolution imagery at 1- and 4-meter resolution. offer
multispectral (MS) and panchromatic (PAN) imagery. It derived its name from the Greek term
eikōn for image), QuickBird, Systems Probatoire d’Observation de La Terre (SPOT), Landsat,
Radar Satellite (RADARSAT), Indian Remote Sensing (IRS), Star 3i airborne Synthetic
Aperture Radar (SAR) data, Eagle Vision, and various special products. The CSIL primarily

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contains standard imagery. The most common image format found in the CSIL is “nitf” and
“GeoTIFF”, but there are many other vendor formats as well.

Point of Contact
Mary Brenke, Team Lead TIO
Commercial (703) 428-6909; DSN 364-6909
DLL-CEERD-TIO@erdc.usace.army.mil
Internet e-mail address: mary.r.brenke@erdc.usace.army.mil
Intelink S e-mail address: mbrenke@tec.army.smil.mil
Web site: http://www.tec.army.mil/tio/TIO_Imagery_Request_Form.html

3.1.2 Results of the Records Research at the USACE TEC and TIO
The TIO was contacted by email on 11-Feb-08 about the capabilities of the TIO to support the
acquisition of historical aerial photographs for this project. A reply was received on 12-Feb-08
that the TIO has a goal to acquire and host aerial imagery for the USACE and for the
Installations and Environmental GIS community; however, as of this time that has not happened.

In answer to specific questions that were asked about their capabilities, the response stated that:

• The TEC imagery office database would not be an aid to the collection of historical
aerial photographs for the installations under investigation;
• The TEC imagery office is not able to query its database to determine an inventory of
available aerial photographs from the TEC because the imagery library will show
commercial satellite imagery and the only aerial coverage in the library is the collection
after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Wilma; and
• The TEC image inventory does not include historical aerial photographs maintained by
the National Archives and Records Administration at College park, MD.

As a result, no further investigation was conducted at the USACE TEC imagery office.

3.2 USACE Office of History, Alexandria, VA


The USACE Office of History in Alexandria, VA was contacted as a possible source of
information.

3.2.1 Background on the USACE Office of History


The USACE Office of History is a separate office of the USACE Headquarters, located at the
Humphreys Engineer Center on Telegraph Road in Alexandria, Virginia.

USACE Office of History


7701 Telegraph Road
Alexandria, VA 22315-3865
(703) 428-6559
Web Site: http://www.hq.usace.army.mil/history/

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The mission of the Office of History is to collect, document, interpret, and preserve the history
and heritage of the USACE.

3.2.2 Results of the Records Research at the USACE Office of History


Dr. Michael J. Brodhead, Historian, at the USACE Office of History was contacted about records
and resources available at the USACE Office of History. Dr. Brodhead reported that on-line
resources are not available at the USACE Office of History. The History Office was visited and
its in-house finding aids were used to review records. No information was found that related to
this HRR-SC Report.

3.3 USACE St. Louis District, St. Louis, MO


A formal investigation was not conducted at the USACE St. Louis District in St. Louis, MO.
Instead, finding aids that relate to the NPRC and maintained by the USACE St. Louis District
were accessed. Please see Subsection 2.4 for information on the NPRC records search.

In addition to the NPRC finding aids, the USACE St. Louis District maintains map collections of
Air Force facilities. The collections were accessed and a 1-Oct-57, “Otis Air Force Base, MA”
map was collected that included:

• Ordnance Area – Located in the southeastern portion of the installation.

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4.0 U.S. ARMY


This section provides information on the activities related to the review and collection of
documents from the U.S. Army.

4.1 U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command, Aberdeen


Proving Ground, MD
On March 1, 2004, the U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command
(RDECOM) was officially established as a major subordinate command within the Army
Materiel Command, as a result of the re-designation of the Soldier and Biological Chemical
Command (SBCCOM). SBCCOM was re-designated into: RDECOM; Chemical Materials
Agency (CMA); GUARDIAN BRIGADE; PM Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defense (PM
NBC); and Soldiers System Center (SSC).

RDECOM’s official mission statement is: “to field technologies that sustain America’s Army as
the premier land force in the world.” Part of RDECOM includes headquarters facilities and the
Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center (ECBC) located in the Edgewood Area of the
Aberdeen Proving Ground and the entire Aberdeen Proving Ground Garrison.

Two sources of historical information at RDECOM that may impact this HRR-SC Report are the
Historical Research and Response Center and the ECBC Technical Library, both of which are
located at the Edgewood Arsenal, MD.

4.1.1 Historical Research and Response Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD


The Historical Research and Response Center (HRRC), under RDECOM, holds a collection of
historical documents regarding chemical and biological information. A request to review
historic documentation was submitted to Jeffery K. Smart, Command Historian (410-436-2295,
jeffery.smart@us.army.mil).

4.1.1.1 Results of the Records Research at the Historical Research and


Response Center Research
Documents at the HRRC were organized by State. Approximately seven file cabinets, with five
drawers for each cabinet, were reviewed. No documents were found relevant to this report.

4.1.2 Edgewood Chemical Biological Center Technical Library, Edgewood


Arsenal, MD
The ECBC Technical Library, formerly known as the Edgewood Arsenal Technical Library,
houses publications of chemical and biological technical reports between World War I to present.

4.1.2.1 Results of the Records Research at the Edgewood Chemical Biological


Center Technical Library
The request to review historic documentation was submitted to Edwin Gier (410-436-2884,
Edwin.gier@us.army.mil) at the ECBC Technical Library. Mr. Gier indicated that, in most part,
the collection of published technical report literature at the ECBC is replicated at the Defense
Technical Information Center (DTIC). Secondly, he indicated that the collection of published

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technical reports is tailored to research involving either the manufacture of chemical and
biological agents, toxicity of these agents, or, most recently, detection of chemical and biological
agents. The collection may incidentally contain some information about ranges and storage
areas, but such information would be difficult to find in the report literature. Based on Mr.
Gier’s recommendation, it was determined that no research would be conducted at the ECBC.

4.2 U.S. Army Center of Military History, Ft. McNair, VA


The U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH) is responsible for the appropriate use of
history throughout the U.S. Army. Traditionally, this mission meant recording the official
history of the Army in both peace and war, while advising the Army Staff on historical matters.
In terms of this tradition, the Center traces its lineage back to those historians under the Secretary
of War who compiled the Official Records of the Rebellion, a monumental history of the Civil
War begun in 1874, and to a similar work on World War I prepared by the Historical Section of
the Army War College.

Since its formation, CMH has provided historical support to the Army Secretariat and Staff,
contributing essential background information for decision making, staff actions, command
information programs, and public statements by Army officials. In recent decades it also has
progressively expanded its role in the vital areas of military history education, the management
of the Army’s museum system, and the introduction of automated data-retrieval systems. The
Center’s work with Army schools ensures that the study of history is a significant part of the
training of officers and noncommissioned officers. It also supports the use of history to foster
unit pride and give today’s soldiers an understanding of the Army’s past. Much of this
educational work is also performed at field historical offices and in Army museums. The Center
thus provides all levels of the Army as well as other services, government agencies, and the
public with a growing awareness of history that goes well beyond publications alone.

4.2.1 Results of the Records Research at U.S. Army Center of Military History
The CMH was visited and documents maintained by the CMH were reviewed. No information
was found relating to this HRR-SC Report.

4.3 U.S. Army Institute of Military History, Carlisle Barracks, PA


The U.S. Army Military History Institute (USAMHI) is an institute of the U.S. Army Heritage
and Education Center. The mission of the USAMHI is to preserve the Army's history and ensure
access to historical research materials and serves as the primary facility where researchers study
Army history. The USAMHI’s holdings include books, manuscripts, photos, and maps.

4.3.1 Results of the Records Research at the U.S. Army Institute of Military
History
A list of the Air Force installations under investigation was provided to the USAMHI reference
historian. The reference historian reported that nothing was found in the USAMHI collection for
this installation.

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5.0 U.S. AIR FORCE


This section provides information on the activities related to the review and collection of
documents from the U.S. Air Force.

5.1 Air Force Historical Research Agency


The Air Force Historical Research Agency (AFHRA) is the repository for Air Force historical
documents. The AFHRA's collection, begun in Washington, DC, during World War II, moved
in 1949 to Maxwell AFB, the site of the Air University, to provide research facilities for
professional military education students, the faculty, visiting scholars, and the general public.
The address for AFHRA is:

Air Force Historical Research Agency


600 Chennault Circle
Bldg 1405
Maxwell, AFB, AL 36112-6424
http://www.maxwell.af.mil/au/afhra/

The AFHRA consists today of over 70,000,000 pages devoted to the history of the Air Force,
and represents the world's largest and most valuable organized collection of documents on U.S.
military aviation.

More than 90% of the AFHRA’s pre-1955 holdings are declassified. The AFHRA’s collection is
also recorded on 16mm microfilm.

The holdings maintained by the AFHRA include Air Force Unit Histories and related historical
documents that Air Force organizations prepared and submitted periodically since the
establishment of the Air Force History Program in 1942. Reporting requirements have changed
from time to time over the years, and the submissions vary in quality. The coverage provided by
unit histories is supplemented by special collections, including historical monographs and
studies; oral history interview transcripts; End-of-Tour Reports; personal papers of retired
general officers and other Air Force personnel; reference materials on the early period of military
aviation; course materials of the Air Corps Tactical School of the 1920s and 1930s; working
documents of various joint and combined commands; miscellaneous documents or collections of
various organizations, including the U.S. Army, British Air Ministry, and German Air Force;
U.S. Air Force individual aircraft record cards; and a large collection of material relating to U.S.
Air Force activities in the war in Southeast Asia and Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm.

These materials are available at the Air Force Historical Studies Office in Washington, DC and
at the AFHRA at Maxwell AFB, AL.

The Agency accessions approximately 2,000,000 pages of historical material each year,
including the annual and quarterly histories of Air Force units as well as additions to the special
collections. Working closely with the Air Force Historian and the History Offices of the major
commands, the Agency conducts an oral history program to record important historical data that

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would otherwise be lost. The Agency also gives special attention to the acquisition of personal
papers of value for documenting Air Force and airpower history.

5.1.1 Air Force Historical Research Agency Research Methodology


Development of the Inferential Retrieval Indexing System (IRIS) information management
system began in 1972 and in 1974, the first system was developed. IRIS was designed to replace
the AFHRA’s card catalog. The card catalog contains references to materials that were received
prior to 1980. IRIS contains references to everything that is in the card catalog as well as
materials that were received after 1980.

In 1979, the basic Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) data structure of the Library of
Congress was adopted. The metadata contained in each record represents one item of the
Agency’s holdings, including titles, authors, subjects, inclusive coverage dates and publication
dates, security classification, issuing organization, and an abstract indicating the subjects covered
and important facts contained in the item. Since 1980, over 600,000 entries have been added to
the IRIS system.

The IRIS card catalog computer database and published finding aids were utilized to conduct
research. Also, archivists and archives technicians assisted in researching the AFHRA’s files.

5.1.1.1 Card Catalog and IRIS


The card catalog and IRIS were searched at the AFHRA for installation names (including
aliases). Call numbers that were found in the card catalog for installations were searched in IRIS
to locate records. When records pertaining to an installation were found in the card catalog
and/or IRIS, a bibliography for the records was downloaded from the IRIS system for subsequent
review by TLI researchers. The bibliographic fields include an abstract of each record, a
microfilm reel number, and the range of frames that comprise the record on the microfilm reel.
Based on the review of bibliographic information, copies of microfilm reels that contained
records of interest were purchased by TLI for subsequent review at the TLI office in Golden,
CO.

5.1.1.2 Finding Aid – U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Site Listing


The “USACE Site Listing” is a finding aid for files that were transferred to the AFHRA for
archival. The majority of the USACE files have not yet been incorporated into IRIS, nor have
they been microfilmed. The AFHRA is in the process of filming and incorporating the USACE
documents into IRIS.

5.1.2 Results of the Records Research at the Air Force Historical Research
Agency
All files were reviewed and correspondence collected indicated the following:

• Bombing Range – Correspondence from 19-Jun-43 discusses the need of a surface


danger zone at the Bombing Range. No location for the bombing range was included in
any of the documents; however, it is likely the Monomoy Bombing Range found in
documents from NARA’s Archive II in College park, MD.

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5.2 Air Force History Support Office, Bolling AFB, Washington, DC


The Air Force History Support Office (AFHSO) is located in Washington, DC at the Anacostia
Naval Annex. It is a part of the Air Force History and Museums Program, headquartered at the
Pentagon. The AFHSO houses the "rapid response" team of historians who provide historical
information and analysis to our country's leaders, as well as the authors who document the Air
Force's activities and history. While not a public research facility, this office provides limited
reference services to authorized individuals doing historical research on the Air Force.

AFHSO consists of the following divisions:

The Reference & Analysis Division: provides historical information, analysis, and perspective to
Air Force leaders and their staffs to support planning, policy development, and decision making.
Also responds to requests for information about the Air Force's history from private
organizations, government agencies, and the general public.

The Publications Division: produces books, monographs, studies, and reports to preserve the
history of the U.S. Air Force. Many of these are available for purchase through the Government
Printing Office.

The Outreach Division: provides materials to publicize the history and accomplishments of the
Air Force, and represents the Air Force History & Museums program at exhibits at many
international air shows each year.

5.2.1 Results of the Records Research at the Air Force History Support Office
AFHSO works in conjunction with the AFHRA at Maxwell AFB, AL. No research was
conducted at AFHSO since it was determined that the documents would be duplicative of the
documents with AFHRA at Maxwell AFB, AL.

5.3 Air Force Safety Center, Kirtland AFB, NM


The Air Force Safety Center (AFSC) is a field operating agency with headquarters at Kirtland
Air Force Base, NM.

Air Force Safety Center


9700 G Avenue SE, Suite 282A
Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117-5670
(505) 846-0936

The Mission of the AFSC is to preserve and enhance combat capability through resource
preservation for both Airmen and equipment which is accomplished by mishap elimination. The
center develops, implements, executes and evaluates Air Force aviation, ground, weapons, space
and system mishap prevention, policy and nuclear surety programs. The center oversees mishap
investigations, evaluates corrective actions, ensures implementation and maintains the mishap
database Air Force-wide. It also develops and directs safety education and media programs for
all safety disciplines.

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The Air Force Chief of Safety, who also holds the title of commander, AFSC, heads the
organization and is located at the Pentagon with an Air Staff liaison division. The AFSC is
composed of the Deputy Chief of Safety/Executive Director and nine divisions at its Kirtland
AFB location, which include the following:

• Analyses and Integration Division ensures proactive mishap prevention guidance for all
safety disciplines including nuclear surety by providing interactive dialogue and program
expertise.
• Aviation Safety Division consists of safety-trained professionals spanning the domain of
human and autonomous flight.
• Ground Safety Division manages the Air Force ground safety program including
operational, occupational, sports and recreation, and traffic safety.
• Space Safety Division responsible for two diverse disciplines. The assured safe access
to space and the safe management of emerging directed energy weapons, or DEW,
systems.
• Weapons Safety Division establishes and executes mishap prevention programs for all
nuclear and conventional weapons systems.
• Safety Assessment Division facilitates mishap prevention through hazard identification
and risk mitigation recommendations.
• Media Education, and Force Development Division provides safety education and
training to personnel, focusing on career and additional duty safety professionals, to
enhance their knowledge and awareness to safely accomplish the mission and preserve
vital national resources.
• Resource Management, Manpower, and Career Programs Division establishes policy
and manages Air Force safety civilian and enlisted career fields.
• Issues Division, a detachment in the Pentagon, provides a direct interface with members
of the Air Staff to facilitate responses to questions on safety related issues raised by the
Chief of Staff and members of the staff.
• Office of the Staff Judge Advocate provides legal advice and general counsel on all
aspects of Air Force mishap prevention programs and safety investigations.

5.3.1 Results of the Records Research at the Air Force Safety Center
The AFSC maintained the Information Preservation System (IPS). The IPS contained scanned
Air Force historical documents obtained from both the AFSC and non-Air Force archives. The
AFSC was contacted in regard to obtaining documentation maintained in the IPS. AFSC
representatives explained that all funding for the IPS had been expended and that the IPS is no
longer available for research.

5.4 Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency, Tyndall AFB, FL


The Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency (AFCESA), headquartered at Tyndall AFB, Fla.,
provides the best tools, practices and professional support to maximize Air Force civil engineer
capabilities in base and contingency operations.

Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency


139 Barnes Drive, Suite 1

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Tyndall AFB, Florida 32403-5319


(850) 283-6156
http://www.afcesa.af.mil/

AFCESA, a field-operating agency of the Office of the Civil Engineer of the Air Force,
Washington, DC, provides products and services in the following major product areas:

• Readiness and Emergency Management


• Facility Energy
• Fire Emergency Services
• Explosive Ordnance Disposal
• Operations and Readiness Support
• Infrastructure Engineering
• Direct Field Support
• Career Field Management
• Civil Engineer Training
• Civil Engineer Automation
• Project Execution Support

(http://www.afcesa.af.mil/)

5.4.1 Results of the Records Research at the Air Force Civil Engineer Support
Agency
AFCESA was contacted for this HRR-SC Report because it maintains Explosive Ordnance
Disposal (EOD) reports for the Air Force. AFCESA maintains no on-line databases for EOD
information.

AFCESA placed its archived EOD reports on CD-ROM for the years 1986 to 2004. The EOD
Reports for 2005 to the present are not accessible at this time due to a systems modification
underway at AFCESA. The CD-ROMs for 1986 to 2004 were searched and various EOD
reports were found. However, no information relevant to this HRR-SC Report was found in
these reports.

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6.0 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE


This section provides information on the activities related to the review and collection of
documents from the sources within the DoD not covered by other sections of this HRR-SC
Report. This includes the DTIC and the Defense Environmental Programs (DEP) Annual Report
to Congress (ARC).
.

6.1 Defense Technical Information Center


The DTIC (http://www.dtic.mil/ ) is a DoD Field Activity under the Under Secretary of Defense
for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics, reporting to the Director, Defense Research &
Engineering (DDR&E). DTIC provides DoD technical information to DoD personnel, DoD
contractors and potential contractors, and other U.S. Government agency personnel and their
contractors. DTIC’s mission is to:

• Provide direct information support to the war fighter.


• Leverage the multi-billion dollar investment in DoD scientific and technical research.
• Prevent unnecessary or redundant research from being performed at taxpayer expense.

DoD-funded researchers are required to search DTIC's collections of technical reports and
summaries of ongoing research to ensure that unnecessary research is not undertaken.

6.1.1 On-Line Research


The on-line database within the DTIC web site is DTIC Online at http://www.dtic.mil. DTIC
Online is a redesigned public web site for DoD scientific and technical information. The site
integrates three of DTIC’s public web sites: DTIC Search, DTIC Home and its Public Scientific
and Technical Information Network (STINET).

6.1.2 Results of the Records Research Using DTIC Online


The DTIC Online Database was searched for the following terms that were input into the search
engine in quotation marks (“) to reduce the number of extraneous documents:

• Otis Air Guard Base – 18 documents and/or website links


• Otis AGB – 55 documents and/or website links
• Otis Air Guard Station – 0 documents and/or website links
• Otis AGS – 4 documents and/or website links
• Otis Air National Guard Base – 330 documents and/or website links
• Otis ANGB – 465 documents and/or website links
• Otis Field – 11 documents and/or website links
• Otis Airfield – 1 document and/or website link
• Camp Edwards – 1545 documents and/or website links (Too many to review)
• Otis Air Force Base – 198 documents and/or website links
• Otis AFB – 159 documents and/or website links
• Otis Army Airfield – 0 documents and/or website links
• Otis Army Air Field – 0 documents and/or website links

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• Cape Cod Air Force Station – 48 documents and/or website links


• Cape Cod AFS – 72 documents and/or website links

The documents found were reviewed on-line and no documents of interest to this HRR-SC
Report were found.

Additional terms were searched specifically on STINET including the term Range, which
resulted in 106,884 documents, a number too large to review. The additional specific terms
searched on, included:

• Anti-Aircraft Artillery Range – 0 documents


• Anti-Tank Range – 2 documents
• Artillery Range – 30 documents
• Bombing Range – 54 documents
• Demolition Range – 7 documents
• EOD – 175 documents
• Experimental Range – 87 documents
• Field Firing – 15 documents
• Firing Range – 200 documents
• Firing-In Butt – 0 documents
• Gunnery Range – 34 documents
• Impact Area – 191 documents
• Machine Gun Range – 3 documents
• Maneuver Area – 55 documents
• Munitions Disposal – 56 documents
• Mortar Range – 0 documents
• Open Burn Open Detonation – 63 documents
• Pistol Range – 6 documents
• Rifle Range – 32 documents
• Rocket Range – 29 documents
• Skeet Range – 0 documents
• Small Arms Range – 63 documents
• Target Range – 295 documents
• Training Range – 198 documents
• UXO – 508 documents
• Unexploded Ordnance – 548 documents

The documents were reviewed and no documents related to this HRR-SC Report were found.

6.1.3 On-Site Research


No on-site research is possible at the DTIC as all information is available only through internet
access.

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6.2 Defense Environmental Restoration Programs Report to Congress


The DEP ARC describes DoD’s environmental accomplishments during the past fiscal year. The
report fulfills congressional reporting requirements under 10 USC 2706 (a) and (b), and other
federal laws. The DoD environmental programs - Conservation, Restoration, Compliance, and
Pollution Prevention - provide the framework for managing the environmental and cultural
resources across the Department, while protecting human health and the environment. The DEP
ARC is found at http://deparc.xservices.com/do/home.

The web site provides a variety of helpful fact sheets on DEP status and progress, and contains
many of the DoD's environmental success stories. The web site also offers a wide range of
search vehicles to generate reports, maps, and inventories of the MMRP. All sections of this
report are publicly available and can be accessed through the web site.

6.2.1 DEP ARC On-Line Research


The ARC online database was searched using the “MMRP Site Inventory” that allows the user to
search by state for information on DERP installations and former defense properties identified by
the DEP ARC.

6.2.2 Results of the Records Research Using DEP ARC On-Line


The following sites, related to Otis ANGB were found in the DEP ARC web site.

• Camp Edwards – Federal Facility Identification Number (FFID) MA19799F177300,


FUDS Property No. D01MA000900. The accompanying map with the DEP ARC file for
Camp Edwards included: a mortar range. [NOTE: This mortar range is off-installation.]
• Camp Edwards – FFID MA121182517500, no FUDS Property Number. There was no
accompanying map for this FFID, but the DEP ARC report lists seven ranges. [NOTE:
It is assumed these ranges are off-installation.]
• Monomoy Island Gun Range – FFID MA19799F187600, FUDS Property No.
D01MA024501. Two Sites were identified: Bombing Range and Air-to-Ground Gunnery
Range.

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7.0 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS


This section provides information on the activities related to the review and collection of
documents from the Library of Congress.

The Library of Congress


101 Independence Ave, SE
Washington, DC 20540
http://www.loc.gov/index.html

Information on the research conducted at the Library of Congress is contained in the following
subsections.

7.1 Background
The Library of Congress is the nation's oldest federal cultural institution and serves as the
research arm of Congress. It is also the largest library in the world, with millions of books,
recordings, photographs, maps and manuscripts in its collections.

The Library's mission is to make its resources available and useful to Congress and the American
people and to sustain and preserve a universal collection of knowledge and creativity for future
generations.

An agency of the legislative branch of the U.S. Government, the Library includes several internal
divisions (or service units), including the Office of the Librarian, Congressional Research
Service, U.S. Copyright Office, Law Library of Congress, Library Services, and the Office of
Strategic Initiatives. (http://www.loc.gov/about/generalinfo.html)

7.2 Library of Congress On-Line Research


The Library of Congress on-line catalog was used to search for documents that might be related
to this installation: http://catalog.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi? DB=local& PAGE=First.

7.3 Library of Congress On-Site Research


As a result of the on-line research, one document and two maps were selected for review at the
Jefferson Reading Room and the Geography and Map Reading Room at the Madison Building of
the Library of Congress.

7.4 Results of the Records Research at the Library of Congress


Three documents were found at the Library of Congress. The first document, Spiegel, Camp
Edwards, Mass., was in German but it was interpreted as containing articles by German
Prisoners of War detained at Camp Edwards. The second and third documents were two maps
dated 1949 and 1977. Both showed the location of Camp Edwards in connection to Otis AFB.
The following information was obtained from the maps:

• Ordnance Area – The map from 1977 shows an ordnance area south of the runways in
the southeast corner of the installation.

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• Target Butt – The map from 1949 shows a target butt running southeast from the
taxiway between the NW-SE and NE-SW runways.

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8.0 AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS


Historic aerial photographs were collected as part of the research for this HRR-SC Report.
Efforts were made to locate and obtain aerial photographs of the installation for a minimum of
three decades: 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s, in order to document changes at the installation over
time related to the MMRP.

8.1 Background on Aerial Photograph Research


Searches for aerial photos were conducted at the USGS Infoservices office located at USGS
Earth Science Information Service (ESIC) at the Federal Center in Denver, Colorado. A
database called the Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS) was searched at the
ESIC office. The APSRS is a record of aerial photographic coverage of the U.S. from federal
sources and participating state, regional, and commercial sources. The sources that were listed
on the APSRS were contacted to obtain copies of aerial photographs.

Aerial photographs from federal agencies were ordered primarily through the USGS Earth
Resources Observation Systems (EROS) Data Center in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, the U.S.
Department of Agriculture’s Aerial Photo Field Office in Salt Lake City, Utah, and National
Archives and Records Administration in College Park, Maryland.

State offices as well as private and commercial sources were researched for aerial photographs if
suitable photos from federal agencies were not identified.

Efforts were made to obtain aerial photos with the best available scale and adequate resolution.
Electronic scans of the photographs were ordered when available at the highest possible dots per
inch resolution. When the electronic versions were not available, black and white paper prints or
negatives were ordered.

8.2 Results of the Aerial Photograph Research


Aerial photographs from the 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, and present day were obtained as indicated in
the table below.

Source Date of Photo Scale Project Can Roll Frame


Aerial Viewpoint 17-Sep-47 1:12,000 Not Applicable (NA) NA 164 381, 382
Aerial Viewpoint 26-Sep-47 1:12,000 NA NA 164 1078, 1079
NARA II 22-Oct-51 1:20,000 Flight No. DPL NA 2K 48, 50, 79, 81, 95,
97
USGS 22-Feb-66 1:24,075 GS-VBKD NA 1 13, 15, 17, 19, 27,
29, 31
USDA-FSA-APFO 2006 1:12,000 NA NA NA NA

The aerial photographs reviewed for this report show the following information:

• Ordnance Area 1 – An ordnance area is visible southwest of the southern end of the
northwest-southeast runway on the October 1951 aerial photograph. On the 1951
photograph, the northeast-southwest runway is encroaching on the ordnance area
indicating that it is no longer in use.

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• Ordnance Area (Post World War II Era) – On the 1966 photographs, the ordnance
area seen on the 1951 aerial photograph is gone and a newer ordnance area is visible to
the east. This new ordnance area remains visible on the later aerial photographs and
today on proprietary sources such as Google Earth®. It appears to be an active ordnance
storage area.
• Ordnance Area 2 – An ordnance area is visible in the 1947 aerial photographs south of
the X formed by the intersection of northeast-southwest runways (5-23) and the
northwest-southeast runways (14-32). It is not seen in later aerial photographs. The area
is now paved over by aircraft aprons.
• Skeet Range – A skeet range is visible east of Ordnance Area 2 and northeast of the
target butt in the 1947 aerial photographs. The skeet range is not seen in later aerial
photographs.
• Target Butt – A target butt is visible southwest of the southern end of the northwest-
southeast runway on the October 1951, 1966, 2006, and current aerial proprietary sources
such as Google Earth®. It appears that it is no longer in use as of the 1966 aerial
photograph. Currently, it is no longer in use. The concrete apron used for the firing point
is still intact and portions of the target berm may still be in place. The entire target butt
appears to lie within the safety area of the active ordnance area described above.

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9.0 SUMMARY OF THE RECORDS RESEARCH


This HRR was conducted for Otis ANGB as part of the U.S. Air Force MMRP HRR at 137 Air
Force Installations. The HRR evaluated historical documents associated with the historical
boundaries of Otis ANGB including areas that may be outside of the current boundaries of the
installation. The following sections provide a summary of the records research and the potential
MRAs that were identified.

9.1 Records Research


Historic records research for Otis ANGB was conducted at the following locations:

• National Archives and Records Administration:


- NARA Archives I, Washington, DC
- NARA Archives II, College Park, MD
- NARA Northeast Region, Boston, MA
- National Personnel Records Center, St, Louis, MO
• U.S. Army Corps of Engineers:
- USACE Topographic Engineering Center Imagery Office, Alexandria, VA
- USACE Office of History, Alexandria, VA
- USACE St. Louis District, St. Louis, MO
• U.S. Army:
- U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command, Aberdeen Proving
Ground, MD
o Historic Research and Response Center
o Edgewood Chemical Biological Center Technical Library
- U.S. Army Center of Military Research, Ft. McNair, VA
- U.S. Army Institute of Military History, Carlisle Barracks, PA
• U.S. Air Force:
- Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, Montgomery, AL
- Air Force History Support Office, Bolling AFB, Washington, DC
- Air Force Safety Center, Kirtland AFB, Albuquerque, NM
- Air Force Engineer Support Agency, Tyndall AFB, FL
• Department of Defense:
- DTIC Database
- DEP ARC Database
• Library of Congress
• Aerial Photographs

9.2 Results of the Records Research


The results from the records research include the following:

• The National Archives and Records Administration


- NARA Archives I, Washington, DC – No documents were found related to this
HRR-SC Report.

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- NARA Archives II College Park, MD – The following information was obtained:


o Bombing Range (Off-Installation) – Correspondence from April through July
1943 discusses need for surface danger zone at the Bombing Range at Otis Army
Airfield, Camp Edwards. The bombing range was reported as located between
Coast Guard Stations Numbers 42 and 44, (41° 36’ North, 69° 59’ West; these
coordinates are adjacent to Monomoy Island, Cape Cod, MA). Correspondence
from 18-Dec-1943 discusses transferring jurisdiction of the Monomoy Point
Pattern Bombing Range on Cape Cod from Otis Field to Westover Field.
o Chemical Warfare Training/Materiel – Correspondence from 18-Nov-42
requested the construction of gas instructional building for Army Air Base, Otis
Field, Camp Edwards, MA. No information on the location of the proposed gas
instructional building was included. The first Endorsement for the construction
was issued 25-Nov-42. Correspondence from January and February 1943
cancelled requests for a toxic gas yard and chemical warfare storage for Otis
Field.
o Ordnance Area – A 16-Jan-43 letter described the then current ordnance storage
conditions at Otis Field. Bombs were stored in the open with no protection other
than a twenty-four (24) hour guard. There was a fire brick warehouse which
served as storage for pyrotechnics. Small Arms ammunition was stored in a tin
shed approximately 15’ X 15’. The shed was located on the main road of the
Base under high tension wires near barracks, hangar and a dispensary. By 23-
Feb-43 the construction of new magazines to correct the storage problem was
45% complete and being expedited. The location of the new ordnance area was
not included in the information. On 3-Jul-71, the Massachusetts Air National
Guard Base Civil Engineer made a request to update the Air National Guard’s
Real Property License at Otis AFB to add Building 120-Rocket Storage. The
request noted that the “main storage of rockets is co-located with base
ammunition storage area which is approximately six (6) miles from the ANG
Flight Line.”
- NARA Northeast Region, Boston, MA – The information found relevant to this
HRR-SC Report included the following:
o Target Butt – On 5-Jun-62, an “Invitation for Bids, Bid and Acceptance; Sale
and Removal of Buildings (or other Real Estate Improvements) located at - Otis
AFB, Falmouth, MA” included Building No. 5001, a 909 square foot Range
Control House. The information did not include the type of range or location of
the range. [NOTE: This site was identified as a target butt due to the reference to
a range house at a target butt at other sites investigated as part of the 138 CSE
Phase I MMRP investigations.]
- National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis, MO – No documents were found
relevant to this report.

• U.S. Army Corps of Engineers


- USACE Topographic Engineering Center and Image Office, Alexandria, VA –
The USACE Topographic Engineering Center and Image Office was contacted about
its capabilities to support the acquisition of historical aerial photographs for this
project. Unfortunately, the office did not have a collection of historical aerial

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photographs for the installations under investigation; it was unable to query its
database to determine an inventory of available aerial photographs; and its image
inventory does not include historical aerial photographs maintained by NARA or
other archives.
- USACE Office of History, Alexandria, VA – No documents were found related to
this HRR-SC Report at the USACE Office of History.
- USACE St. Louis District, St. Louis, MO – The 1-Oct-57, “Otis Air Force Base,
MA” map was collected that included:
o Ordnance Area – Located in the southeastern portion of the installation.

• U.S. Army
- U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command, Aberdeen, MD
Two sources of historical information were researched at the Research, Development,
and Engineering Command at Edgewood Arsenal, MD.
o Historical Research and Response Center – No documents were found relevant
to this report.
o Edgewood Chemical Biological Center Technical Library – Based on the
recommendation of the Edgewood Chemical Biological Center Technical Library
staff, no research was conducted at this facility.
- U.S. Army Center of Military History, Fort McNair, VA – No documents were
found related to this HRR-SC Report.
- U.S. Army Institute of Military History, Carlisle Barracks, PA – The reference
historian at the U.S. Army Institute of Military History, Carlisle Barracks, PA
reported that nothing was found in the facility’s collection for this installation.

• U.S. Air Force


- Air Force Historical Research Agency – The following information was obtained:
o Bombing Range (Off-Installation) – Correspondence from 19-Jun-43 discusses
the need of a surface danger zone at the Bombing Range. No location for the
bombing range was included in any of the documents; however, it is likely the
Monomoy Bombing Range found in documents from NARA’s Archive II in
College park, MD.
- Air Force History Support Office – No research was conducted at AFHSO since it
was determined that the documents would be duplicative of the documents with
AFHRA at Maxwell AFB, AL.
- Air Force Safety Center – The Air Force Safety Center, located at Kirtland AFB,
Albuquerque, NM, formerly maintained the Information Preservation System. The
Information Preservation System contained scanned Air Force historical documents
obtained from both the Air Force Safety Center and non-Air Force archives.
Unfortunately, due to a lack of funding, the Information Preservation System is no
longer available for research.
- Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency – AFCESA maintains historic records
for Explosive Ordnance Disposal. The files were searched and various EOD reports
were found. However, no information relevant to this HRR-SC Report was contained
in these reports.

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• Department of Defense
- Defense Technical Information Center – The DoD’s DTIC Online Database was
accessed at www.dtic.mil and no documents relevant to this report were found.
- Defense Environmental Programs Annual Report to Congress – The following
sites, related to Otis ANGB, were found in the DEP ARC web site.
o Camp Edwards – Federal Facility Identification Number (FFID)
MA19799F177300, FUDS Property No. D01MA000900. The accompanying
map with the DEP ARC file for Camp Edwards included: a mortar range.
[NOTE: This mortar range is off-installation.]
o Camp Edwards – FFID MA121182517500, no FUDS Property Number. There
was no accompanying map for this FFID, but the DEP ARC report lists seven
ranges. [NOTE: It is assumed these ranges are off-installation.];
o Monomoy Island Gun Range – FFID MA19799F187600, FUDS Property No.
D01MA024501. Two Sites were identified: Bombing Range and Air-to-Ground
Gunnery Range.

• Library of Congress
- Three documents were found at the Library of Congress. The first document, Spiegel,
Camp Edwards, Mass., was in German and contained articles by German Prisoners of
War detained at Camp Edwards. The second and third documents were two maps
dated 1949 and 1977. Both showed the location of Camp Edwards in connection to
Otis AFB. The following information was obtained from the maps:
o Ordnance Area – The map from 1977 shows an ordnance area south of the
runways in the southeast corner of the installation.
o Target Butt – The map from 1949 shows a target butt running southeast from the
taxiway between the NW-SE and NE-SW runways.

• Aerial Photographs
- Aerial photographs from the 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, and present day were obtained and
reviewed for this HRR-SC Report. The aerial photographs reviewed for this report
show the following information:
o Ordnance Area 1 – An ordnance area is visible southwest of the southern end of
the northwest-southeast runway on the October 1951 aerial photograph. On the
1951 photograph, the northeast-southwest runway is encroaching on the ordnance
area indicating that it is no longer in use.
o Ordnance Area (Post World War II Era) – On the 1966 photographs, the
ordnance area seen on the 1951 aerial photograph is gone and a newer ordnance
area is visible to the east. This new ordnance area remains visible on the later
aerial photographs and today on proprietary sources such as Google Earth®. It
appears to be an active ordnance storage area.
o Ordnance Area 2 – An ordnance area is visible in the 1947 aerial photographs
south of the X formed by the intersection of northeast-southwest runways (5-23)
and the northwest-southeast runways (14-32). It is not seen in later aerial
photographs. The area is now paved over by aircraft aprons.

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o Skeet Range – A skeet range is visible east of Ordnance Area 2 and northeast of
the target butt in the 1947 aerial photographs. The skeet range is not seen in later
aerial photographs.
o Target Butt – A target butt is visible southwest of the southern end of the
northwest-southeast runway on the October 1951, 1966, 2006, and current aerial
proprietary sources such as Google Earth®. It appears that it is no longer in use
as of the 1966 aerial photograph. Currently, it is no longer in use. The concrete
apron used for the firing point is still intact and portions of the target berm may
still be in place. The entire target butt appears to lie within the safety area of the
active ordnance area described above.

9.3 Summary and Recommendation


The HRR identified potential MMRP Sites based on the review of off-site repositories. Several
MRAs were identified as historically-related to Otis ANGB, but were at off-installation locations
or are being addressed under the FUDS Program:

MMRP Site FUDS Property Comments


Numbers
Bombing Range D01MA024501 Monomoy Island, Cape Cod, MA. A Bombing Range and Air to Ground
Gunnery Range were identified for Monomoy Island.
Ranges and Maneuver D01MA000900 The property known as Otis ANGB today has undergone changes to its
Areas; Chemical Warfare boundary over time. At one time, it included a much larger portion of
Training/Materiel the area surrounding its current boundaries. Today Camp Edwards
occupies those areas. The area that Camp Edwards occupies today
has MMRP sites that were once inside the Otis AFB boundary. As a
result, this HRR-SC Report focuses only on that property within the
current day Otis ANGB boundary. All the Ranges and Maneuver Areas
and the Chemical Warfare Training/Materiel are attributed to Camp
Edwards.

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The HRR identified potential MRAs that are not associated with the FUDS Program. As a result,
a CSE Phase I should be completed to determine if additional MRAs are present at Otis ANGB.
The following table summarizes the MMRP areas for Otis ANGB based on a review of the
documents collected for this HRR-SC Report:

Potential MMRP Site Estimated Acreage Comments


Ordnance Area 1 To be determined (TBD) Two ordnance areas were found on the southeastern portion of Otis
(World War II Era) ANGB. The WW II era ordnance area was replaced by expansion of
runways, parking aprons and other construction. No DEP ARC MMRP
information was found for either ordnance area. No reports of fire of
or explosion were found for either ordnance area.
Ordnance Area TBD Two ordnance areas were found on the southeastern portion of Otis
(Post World War II Era) ANGB. The post WW II era ordnance area is still in place and appears
to be an active ordnance storage area. No DEP ARC MMRP
information was found for either ordnance area. No reports of fire of
or explosion were found for either ordnance area.
Ordnance Area 2 TBD Ordnance area 2, separate from the ordnance areas described above,
(World War II Era) was found in the 1947 aerial photograph south of the X formed by the
intersection of northeast-southwest runways (5-23) and the northwest-
southeast runways (14-32). Currently, its location is paved over by
aircraft parking aprons.
Skeet Range 30 A skeet range was visible east of Ordnance Area 2 and northeast of
the target butt in the 1947 aerial photographs. The skeet range is not
seen in later aerial photographs and has been replaced by new
construction. Acreage from Army Range Inventory, Appendix E of
Data Collector Instructions, September 2001.
Target Butt 1,043 A target butt was found on the southeastern portion of Otis ANGB.
The firing point and target berm appear to lie within the safety zone of
the current ordnance area. Acreage from Army Range Inventory,
Appendix E of Data Collector Instructions, September 2001.
TOTAL ACRES 1,073

Figure 3 presents the locations of the potential MRAs.

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Appendix A
Document Index

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Otis ANGB
CSE HRR Document Index
Document Author/Author Document
Doc Date Doc Type Document Title Comments Document Citation
Number Range Organization Source
OTIS-0001 - 0008 5-Jun-88 Reports 102 FIW/MAWE; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report Air Force Civil EOD Reports 1988; HQ TAC;
Engineer Support Images 650-657 of 1080
Agency, Explosive
Ordnance Disposal
(AFCESA)

OTIS-0009 - 0010 1-Jun-90 Reports 102 FIW/MAWE; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report AFCESA EOD Reports 1990; HQ TAC;
Images 433-434 of 816
OTIS-0011 - 0033 8-Feb-92 Reports 102 FIW/MAWE; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report AFCESA EOD Reports 1992-93; HQ TAC;
Images 325-347 of 574
OTIS-0034 - 0071 8-Feb-92 Reports 102 FW/MAWE; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report AFCESA EOD Reports 1992-93; HQ ACC;
Images 702-741 (not inclusive) of
2444
OTIS-0072 - 0111 6-May-93 Reports 102 CES/EOD; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report AFCESA EOD Reports 1992-93; HQ ANG;
Images 10-50 (not inclusive) of
60
OTIS-0112 14-Jan-93 Reports 102 FW/CEOD; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report AFCESA EOD Reports 1994; HQ ACC;
Image 199 of 1284
OTIS-0113 - 0117 9-Jul-95 Reports 102 CES/EOD; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report AFCESA EOD Reports 1995; HQ ANG;
Images 63-67 of 108
OTIS-0118 - 0154 6-Jan-96 Reports 102 CES/EOD; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report AFCESA EOD Reports 1996; HQ ANG;
Images 41-80 (not inclusive) of
176
OTIS-0155 - 0217 3-Feb-97 Reports 102 CES/CED; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report AFCESA EOD Reports 1997; HQ ANG;
Images 50-114 (not inclusive) of
148
OTIS-0218 - 0277 29-Jan-86 Reports 102 FIW/MAWE; Otis ANGB, MA Explosive Ordnance Report AFCESA EOD Reports 1986-87; HQ TAC;
Images 1408-1466 of 2397

OTIS-0278 - 0279 19-Jun-43 Corres. Unknown For report and recommendation in Air Force Historical RG 77; Otis AFB; Decimal 684
accordance with provisions of para. Research Agency Bombing Range - Otis
505.07 Ord. and regulations. Refers (AFHRA)
to danger zone and safety regulations

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Document Author/Author Document
Doc Date Doc Type Document Title Comments Document Citation
Number Range Organization Source
OTIS-0280 - 0281 12-Jun-62 Form Heald, R.W., Chief, Real Prop. Determination of Surplus (Excess Real No MMRP information. National Archives RG 291; Box 7; Real Properties
Div. Property and Related Personal and Records Disposal Files; Folder, GSA - Real
Property); Report of Excess Real Administration, Property Disposal Records, Otis
Property Northeast Region, AFB, Falmouth, MA 139 Buildings
Boston (NARABOS) (1962)

OTIS-0282 - 0284 5-Jun-62 Invitation for Dept of Army, US Army Invitation for Bids, Bid and NARABOS RG 291; Box 7; Real Properties
Bid Engineer Division, New Acceptance; Sale and Removal of Disposal Files; Folder, GSA - Real
England; Corps of Engineers; Buildings (or other Real Estate Property Disposal Records, Otis
Waltham, MA Improvements) located at - Otis AFB, AFB, Falmouth, MA 139 Buildings
Falmouth, MA (1962)
OTIS-0285 2-Dec-48 Corres. Commander, Naval Air Bases, Cancellation of permit covering Navy No MMRP information. NARABOS RG 181; Box 74; 1st Naval
First Naval District occupancy of the former NAAS, Otis District, Public Works Officer, Real
Field, Camp Edwards, MA Properties Disposal Files 1940-
1954; N1-13 Acquisitions -
Quonset, RI 1948

OTIS-0286 1-Oct-57 Map Dept of Air Force, Directorate of Otis Air Force Base, MA USACE - St. Louis No citation
Installations, DCS/O District (USACE-
SL)

OTIS-0287 Unknown Map Unknown Untitled No MMRP information. AFHRA Otis Field 02037744-0203779,
611 Otis Field
OTIS-0288 - 0289 18-Dec-43 Corres. Carlson, Charles L., Lt. Col., Pattern Bombing Range, Monomoy National Archives RG 18; Army Air Forces; Entry
AGD, Asst. Adj. General Point (Cape Cod); includes 1st and and Records 292 Air Adjutant General Central
2nd Indorsements Administration II Decimal Files, Decimal 600,
(NARA II) Construction, Oct 1942 - May
1944; Box 1555 Oro Grande, NM
to Paine Field, WA; File No. 600
Misc.

OTIS-0290 8-Jul-43 Corres. Marriott, Lt. Col., Air Corps, Anti-aircraft Artillery Firing Point at Related to Camp NARA II RG 18; Army Air Forces; Entry
Interdepartmental Air Traffic Wellfleet, MA Edwards. 292 Air Adjutant General Central
Control Board Decimal Files, Decimal 600,
Construction, Oct 1942 - May
1944; Box 1555 Oro Grande, NM
to Paine Field, WA; File No. 600
Misc.

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Document Author/Author Document
Doc Date Doc Type Document Title Comments Document Citation
Number Range Organization Source
OTIS-0291 - 0295 28-Jul-43 Corres. Goethals, Geo. R., Col., Corps Bombing Range for Otis Army Airfield, NARA II RG 18; Army Air Forces; Entry
of Engineers, Chief, River & Camp Edwards, Massachusetts; 292 Air Adjutant General Central
Harbor- Flood Control Branch, includes other corres. Decimal Files, Decimal 600,
Construction Division Construction, Oct 1942 - May
1944; Box 1555 Oro Grande, NM
to Paine Field, WA; File No. 600
Misc.
OTIS-0296 - 0297 24-Feb-43 Corres. Doxey, Thomas A. Jr., Col. CRS, Chemical Warfare Facilities NARA II RG 18; Army Air Forces; Entry
Assistant 292 Air Adjutant General Central
Decimal Files, Decimal 600,
Construction, Oct 1942 - May
1944; Box 1555 Oro Grande, NM
to Paine Field, WA; File No. 600
Misc.
OTIS-0298 - 0299 20-Feb-43 Corres. Bauer, Frederick, Jr., Maj. AGD, Additional Construction for NARA II RG 18; Army Air Forces; Entry
Adjutant General; HQ; Army Air Antisubmarine Squadron 292 Air Adjutant General Central
Forced Antisubmarine Decimal Files, Decimal 600,
Command Construction, Oct 1942 - May
1944; Box 1555 Oro Grande, NM
to Paine Field, WA; File No. 600
Misc.
OTIS-0300 12-Feb-43 Corres. Commanding General Army Air Cancellation of an Armament Building, NARA II RG 18; Army Air Forces; Entry
Forces Otis Field, Massachusetts 292 Air Adjutant General Central
Decimal Files, Decimal 600,
Construction, Oct 1942 - May
1944; Box 1555 Oro Grande, NM
to Paine Field, WA; File No. 600
Misc.
OTIS-0301 - 0304 16-Jan-43 Corres. Gump, Joseph R., 2nd Lt., Air Status of Ammunition Storage; NARA II RG 18; Army Air Forces; Entry
Corps, Asst. Adj.; HQ 14th Includes 1st thru 4th Indorsements 292 Air Adjutant General Central
Antisubmarine Squadron Decimal Files, Decimal 600,
Construction, Oct 1942 - May
1944; Box 1555 Oro Grande, NM
to Paine Field, WA; File No. 600
Misc.

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Document Author/Author Document
Doc Date Doc Type Document Title Comments Document Citation
Number Range Organization Source
OTIS-0305 - 0312 18-Nov-42 Corres. Carlson, Charles L., Maj., AGD, Additional Construction, Army Air NARA II RG 18; Army Air Forces; Entry
Asst. Adj. General; HQ Army Air Base, Otis Field, Camp Edwards, 292 Air Adjutant General Central
Base, Otis Field, MA Massachusetts; includes 1st and 2nd Decimal Files, Decimal 600,
Indorsements Construction, Oct 1942 - May
1944; Box 1555 Oro Grande, NM
to Paine Field, WA; File No. 600
Misc.
OTIS-0313 22-Feb-66 Aerial Photo U.S. Geological Survey Project GS-VBKD, Roll 1, Frame 13 Scale: 1:24,075 U.S. Geological Compact Disc - Volume 1 of 1;
Survey (USGS) Bin 30; Unit 2; Image
AB1VBKD00000001_13_a
OTIS-0314 22-Feb-66 Aerial Photo U.S. Geological Survey Project GS-VBKD, Roll 1, Frame 15 Scale: 1:24,075 USGS Compact Disc - Volume 1 of 1;
Bin 30; Unit 2; Image
AB1VBKD00000001_15_a
OTIS-0315 22-Feb-66 Aerial Photo U.S. Geological Survey Project GS-VBKD, Roll 1, Frame 17 Scale: 1:24,075 USGS Compact Disc - Volume 1 of 1;
Bin 30; Unit 2; Image
AB1VBKD00000001_17_a
OTIS-0316 22-Feb-66 Aerial Photo U.S. Geological Survey Project GS-VBKD, Roll 1, Frame 19 Scale: 1:24,075 USGS Compact Disc - Volume 1 of 1;
Bin 30; Unit 2; Image
AB1VBKD00000001_19_a
OTIS-0317 22-Feb-66 Aerial Photo U.S. Geological Survey Project GS-VBKD, Roll 1, Frame 27 Scale: 1:24,075 USGS Compact Disc - Volume 1 of 1;
Bin 30; Unit 2; Image
AB1VBKD00000001 27 a
OTIS-0318 22-Feb-66 Aerial Photo U.S. Geological Survey Project GS-VBKD, Roll 1, Frame 29 Scale: 1:24,075 USGS Compact Disc - Volume 1 of 1;
Bin 30; Unit 2; Image
AB1VBKD00000001_29_a
OTIS-0319 22-Feb-66 Aerial Photo U.S. Geological Survey Project GS-VBKD, Roll 1, Frame 31 Scale: 1:24,075 USGS Compact Disc - Volume 1 of 1;
Bin 30; Unit 1; Order Number
0110807290053; Image
AB1VBKD00000001_31_a
OTIS-0320 - 0322 3-Jun-71 Corres. McNamara, Philip J., Lt. Col., Real Property License; Request to add NARA II RG168, NGB; E-3, Centr. Subj
MassANG, ANG Base Civil buildings to license Files 1964-74; File 1503-03,
Engineer License Gen; Box 145

OTIS-0323 1949 Map US Army Corps of Engineers, Camp Edwards, Massachusetts Library of LC Control 79693093; 6
Washington D.C. Congress 3674.C261949US

OTIS-0324 1977 Map US Army Corps of Engineers, Camp Edwards, Massachusetts Library of LC Control 79693093; 6
Washington D.C. Congress 3674.C261949US
OTIS-0325 22-Oct-51 Aerial Photo National Archives Records Flight No. DPL, Roll 2K, Frame 48 Scale: 1:20,000 NARA II No Citation
Administration

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Doc Date Doc Type Document Title Comments Document Citation
Number Range Organization Source
OTIS-0326 22-Oct-51 Aerial Photo National Archives Records Flight No. DPL, Roll 2K, Frame 50 Scale: 1:20,000 NARA II No Citation
Administration
OTIS-0327 22-Oct-51 Aerial Photo National Archives Records Flight No. DPL, Roll 2K, Frame 79 Scale: 1:20,000 NARA II No Citation
Administration
OTIS-0328 22-Oct-51 Aerial Photo National Archives Records Flight No. DPL, Roll 2K, Frame 81 Scale: 1:20,000 NARA II No Citation
Administration
OTIS-0329 22-Oct-51 Aerial Photo National Archives Records Flight No. DPL, Roll 2K, Frame 95 Scale: 1:20,000 NARA II No Citation
Administration
OTIS-0330 22-Oct-51 Aerial Photo National Archives Records Flight No. DPL, Roll 2K, Frame 97 Scale: 1:20,000 NARA II No Citation
Administration
OTIS-0331 2006 Aerial Photo U.S. Department of Agriculture - Not Applicable (N/A) Scale: 1:12,000 USDA - FSA-APFO No Citation
FSA-APFO
OTIS-0332 - 0336 2-Dec-08 Report Department of Defense Defense Environmental Programs DEP ARC FY07 - http://deparc.xservices.com
Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year Installation
2007 - Massachusetts Formerly Used
Defense Sites - Monomoy Isl Gun Rge -
FFID MA19799F187600

OTIS-0337 3-Dec-08 Report Department of Defense Defense Environmental Programs DEP ARC FY07 - http://deparc.xservices.com
Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year Installation
2007 - MMRP Site Inventory Site
Details - Massachusetts, Army - MTA
Camp Edwards - FFID
MA121182517500
OTIS-0338 - 0341 3-Dec-08 Report Department of Defense Defense Environmental Programs DEP ARC FY07 - http://deparc.xservices.com
Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year Installation
2007 - MMRP Site Inventory Site
Details - Massachusetts, Formerly
Used Defense Sites - Camp Edwards -
FFID MA19799F177300

OTIS-0342 3-Dec-08 Report Department of Defense Defense Environmental Programs DEP ARC FY07 - http://deparc.xservices.com
Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year Installation
2007 - Complete Installation Data for
Camp Edwards/Army - MTA Camp
Edwards/MA121182517500/C-TECH

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Otis ANGB
CSE HRR Document Index
Document Author/Author Document
Doc Date Doc Type Document Title Comments Document Citation
Number Range Organization Source
OTIS-0343 3-Dec-08 Report Department of Defense Defense Environmental Programs DEP ARC FY07 - http://deparc.xservices.com
Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year Installation
2007 - Complete Installation Data for
Camp Edwards/Formerly Used
Defense Sites - Camp
Edwards/MA19799F177300/C-TECH

OTIS-0344 17-Sep-47 Aerial Photo Aerial Viewpoint Flight No. N/A, Roll 164, Frame 381 Scale: 1:12,000 Aerial Viewpoint No citation

OTIS-0345 17-Sep-47 Aerial Photo Aerial Viewpoint Flight No. N/A, Roll 164, Frame 382 Scale: 1:12,000 Aerial Viewpoint No citation

OTIS-0346 26-Sep-47 Aerial Photo Aerial Viewpoint Flight No. N/A, Roll 164, Frame 1078 Scale: 1:12,000 Aerial Viewpoint No citation

OTIS-0347 26-Sep-47 Aerial Photo Aerial Viewpoint Flight No. N/A, Roll 164, Frame 1079 Scale: 1:12,000 Aerial Viewpoint No citation

OTIS-0348 - 0349 8-Feb-45 Corres. Fisher, H. E., Col. C. E., Deputy Permit to Navy Dept., Otis Field NARA II RG 18, Army Air Forces; Entry
Chief, Air Installations Division, Military Reservation, Massachusetts; 2(NM6) Air Adjutant General
Office of Ass't. Chief of Air Staff, Includes related correspondence Decimal Files, 1944 46; Box
Material and Services 2291; 686 Maine to
Massachusetts, 1945
OTIS-0350 26-Feb-43 Map Corps of Engineers, Office of Map of Camp Edwards, Mass. NARA II RG 51 OMB; Entry 149B War
the Post Engineer; Area Projects Unit, Inspection Reports,
Engineer, Camp Edwards, Mass. 1940-45; Box 97 Massachusetts
(Chicopee Falls to Falmouth);
Folder 120.231 Massachusetts-
Falmouth, Otis Field, Edwards,
Camp (War-AAF)

FOR A COPY OF DOCUMENTS LISTED IN THIS INDEX, PLEASE CONTACT


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