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Answer all Questions

1. Prove that cot θ − tan θ = 2 cot 2θ . [3 marks]


Hence or otherwise, solve the equation cot θ − tan θ = 12 for 0 ° ≤ θ ≤ 360 ° . [4 marks]

2. Prove that tangents from an external point to a circle are equal in length. [3 marks]

The diagram given shows two circles touching externally at the point R . PQ is a
common tangent to both the circles at points P and Q . The tangent at R meets PQ
at T . PS is parallel to TR and QRS is a straight line.

Show that
a) PT = TQ [3 marks]
b) ∠PQR = 90 ° [4 marks]
c) QR = RS [2 marks]

3. The position vectors of the points P, Q, R, and S , relative to the origin are
i − j ,2i + j , i + xj and 2 j respectively.

a) Find the value of x if PQRS is a parallelogram [3 marks]


b) Find ∠QRS [4 marks]

4. Find all the value of θ , 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π which satisfy the equation sin 4θ − sin 2θ = cos 3θ .
[4 marks]

5. Three vectors a, b and c are given by a = i + 3 j, b = xi + j and c = 3i + 7 j .


Given the angle between a and b is cos −1 3 , find the values of x . [4 marks]
5
With the positive value of x , find the angle between r and the x -axis, given
r = a +b +c. [3 marks]

− 3   p
6. The position vectors of A and B are respectively 
 4  and 
5 
 . Given that ∠OAB = 60 ° .
   
Find the possible values of p . [8 marks]

4  1 
7. Given the vectors a and b , a =   and b =   , find
9  − 7
a) a • ( a − b ) [3 marks]

b) ( a + b ) • b [3 marks]

c) ( 3a − 2b ) • ( 2a + 3b ) [3 marks]

8. The diagram given shows two intersecting circle ABC and ABDE .

AD and FBE are tangents to the circle ABC at A and B respectively. AC is a tangent
to the circle ABDE at A .

Prove that:
a) AE is parallel to CB [5
marks]

b) ∠ABC = ∠ABD [5 marks]

9. Express 3 sin A + 3 cos A in the form of R cos ( A −α ) where 0° ≤ α ≤ 90 ° . [4 marks]


Hence, find the maximum and minimum values for y = 2 sin 2 A + 3 sin 2 A +1. [5 marks]

10. The position vectors a and b are given by a = 4i + 7 j , b = 2i − 5 j . Find the unit vectors
In the direction of a and b .

Hence, determine the value of cos θ , where θ is the acute angle between a and b .

[8 marks]