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HARTZELL PROPELLER INC.

One Propeller Place


Piqua, Ohio 45356-2634 U.S.A.
Telephone: 937.778.4200
Fax: 937.778.4391

MANUAL REVISION TRANSMITTAL


Manual 149 (61-00-49)
Propeller Owner's Manual and Logbook

REVISION 11 dated November 2009


Attached is a copy of Revision 11 to Hartzell Manual 149.

Page Control Chart for Revision 11:

Remove Insert
Page No. Page No.
COVER/INSIDE COVER COVER/INSIDE COVER
REVISION HIGHLIGHTS REVISION HIGHLIGHTS
pages 5 through 8 pages 5 through 8
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS
pages 15 and 16 pages 15 and 16
TABLE OF CONTENTS AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS
pages 17 through 24 pages 17 through 24
AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS
pages 25 and 26
(insert after page 24)
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
pages 27 and 28
(insert after page 26)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
pages 29 through 36
(insert after page 28)
INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION
pages 1-3 and 1-4 pages 1-3 and 1-4
pages 1-7 and 1-8 pages 1-7 and 1-8

This page may be discarded after proper filing of the revision.


Page Control Chart for Revision 11, continued:
Remove Insert
Page No. Page No.
INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL
pages 3-9 and 3-10 pages 3-9 and 3-10
INSPECTION AND CHECK INSPECTION AND CHECK
pages 5-3 and 5-4 pages 5-3 and 5-4
pages 5-9 and 5-10 pages 5-9 and 5-10
pages 5-27 and 5-28 pages 5-27 and 5-28
MAINTENANCE PRACTICES MAINTENANCE PRACTICES
pages 6-5 and 6-6 pages 6-5 and 6-6
pages 6-11 through 6-14 pages 6-11 through 6-14

NOTE: When the manual revision has been inserted in the


manual, record the information required on the
Record of Revisions page in this manual.
FAA Approved
Manual No. 149
61-00-49
Revision 11
November 2009

Propeller Owner's Manual


and Logbook
Models: HC-(D,E)4( )-2( )
HC-(D,E)4( )-3( )
HC-(D,E)4( )-5( )
HC-D3F-7
HC-E5N-3( )
Lightweight Turbine Propellers with Aluminum Blades

Hartzell Propeller Inc.


One Propeller Place
Piqua, OH 45356-2634 U.S.A.
Ph: 937-778-4200 (Hartzell Propeller Inc.)
Ph: 937-778-4379 (Product Support)
Product Support Fax: 937-778-4391
Propeller Owner's Manual
149

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© 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2009
Hartzell Propeller Inc. - All rights reserved

Inside Cover
COVER 61-00-49 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Propeller Owner's Manual
149

REVISION 11 HIGHLIGHTS

• Revised the Cover, Revision Highlights, List of Effective Pages,


and Table of Contents to match this revision.
• AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS chapter:
• Added airworthiness limitation information from Hartzell Overhaul
Manual 141 (61-10-41), Hartzell Overhaul Manual 142 (61-10-42),
and Hartzell Overhaul Manual 158A (61-10-58). Added hub unit
limits and revised blade life limits for propeller model
HC-D4N-5(C,E)/D9327K. Removed hub life limit and inspection for
propeller model HC-E4W-5L/JE10305(B)
• INTRODUCTION chapter:
• Updated the reference to the Airworthiness Limitations
• Added a caution to use the most recent revision of the
manual
• INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL chapter:
• In Table 3-1, corrected the part number for the A flange
bolt/stud
• INSPECTION AND CHECK chapter:
• Added text about examining blades before flight
• Updated the reference to the Airworthiness Limitations
• Clarified the limits for blade radial play
• MAINTENANCE PRACTICES chapter:
• Changed the lubrication for Piaggio P-180 to
150 hour intervals
• Added a warning about examining blades before flight
• Added a caution about previously repaired blades
• Made other minor changes to the chapter

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REVISION HIGHLIGHTS
1. Introduction
A. General
This is a list of current revisions that have been issued
against this manual. Please compare it to the RECORD OF
REVISIONS page to ensure that all revisions have been
added to the manual.
B. Components
(1) Revision No. indicates the revisions incorporated in this
manual.
(2) Issue Date is the date of the revision.
(3) Comments indicates the level of the revision.
(a) New Issue is a new manual distribution. The manual
is distributed in its entirety. All the page revision dates
are the same and no change bars are used.
(b) Reissue is a revision to an existing manual that
includes major content and/or major format changes.
The manual is distributed in its entirety. All the page
revision dates are the same and no change bars are
used.
(c) Major Revision is a revision to an existing manual
that includes major content or minor content
changes over a large portion of the manual. The
manual is distributed in its entirety. All the page
revision dates are the same, but change bars are
used to indicate the changes incorporated in the latest
revision of the manual.
(d) Minor Revision is a revision to an existing manual that
includes minor content changes to the manual. Only
the revised pages of the manual are distributed. Each
page retains the date and the change bars associated
with the last revision to that page.

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REVISION HIGHLIGHTS 61-00-49 Rev. 11 Nov/09
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149

Revision No. Issue Date Comments


Revision 8 Nov/99 Reissue
Revision 9 July/03 Minor Revision
Revision 10 Sep/07 Minor Revision
Revision 11 Nov/09 Minor Revision

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REVISION HIGHLIGHTS 61-00-49 Rev. 11 Nov/09
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149

AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS

The Airworthiness Limitations section is FAA approved and specifies


maintenance required under 43.16 and 91.403 of the Federal
Aviation Regulations unless an alternative program has been
approved.

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

Rev.
Description of Revision
No.
Added airworthiness limitation information from Hartzell
Overhaul Manual 141 (61-10-41), Hartzell Overhaul
Manual 142 (61-10-42), and Hartzell Overhaul
11 Manual 158A (61-10-58). Added hub unit limits and revised
blade life limits for propeller model HC-D4N-5(C,E)/D9327K.
Removed hub life limit and inspection for propeller model
HC-E4W-5L/JE10305(B).

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149

AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS

1. Replacement Time (Life Limits)


A. The FAA establishes specific life limits for certain component
parts, as well as the entire propeller. Such limits require
replacement of the identified parts after a specified number
of hours of use.
B. The following data summarizes all current information
concerning Hartzell life limited parts as related to propeller
models affected by this manual. These parts are not life
limited on other installations; however, time accumulated
toward life limit accrues when first operated on aircraft/
engine/propeller combinations listed, and continues
regardless of subsequent installations (which may or
may not be life limited).

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS

(1) The following list specifies life limits for blades only.
Associated hub parts are not affected. Blade models
shown are life limited only on the specified applications.

PROPELLER MODELS ON FAA TYPE CERTIFIED AIRCRAFT


Aircraft/Engine/Propeller Blade Life Limit
Aircraft: Hawker Beechcraft Model 3000 19,497 hours
(US Military T-6A)
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-68
Propeller: HC-E4A-2(A)/E9612(K)
Aircraft: Hawker Beechcraft Model 3000 IAUP 19,497 hours
(US Military T-6B)
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-68
Propeller: HC-E4A-2(A)/E9612(K)
Aircraft: Shorts Model T Mk 1 Tucano 41,300 hours
Engine: Honeywell (Garrett) Model TPE331-12B
Propeller: HC-D4N-5(C,E)/D9327K

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS

PROPELLER MODELS ON FAA TYPE CERTIFIED AIRCRAFT,


CONTINUED
Aircraft/Engine/Propeller Blade Life Limit
Aircraft: Piaggio P-180 Avanti that uses nacelles 1,500 hours
80-336005-801 /80-336006-801 and (For complete life
exhaust stub 80-336013-801 limit criteria, refer
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-66 to paragraph 2 in
Propeller: HC-E5N-3(A) (L)/(H,L)E8218 this section.)
Aircraft: Piaggio P-180 Avanti that uses nacelles 3,000 hours
80-336213-801 /80-336214-801 and (For complete life
exhaust stub 80-336013-801 limit criteria, refer
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-66 to paragraph 2 in
Propeller: HC-E5N-3(A) (L)/(H,L)E8218 this section.)
Aircraft: Piaggio P-180 Avanti that uses the following: 9,000 hours
L/H Aft Nacelle/R/H Aft Nacelle Exhaust Stub (For complete life
80-336213-803/80-336214-803 80-336013-803 limit criteria, refer
80-336213-805/80-336214-805 80-337984-801 to paragraph 2 in
80-336250-801/80-336251-801 80-336013-803 this section.)
80-336250-803/80-336251-803 80-336013-803
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-66(B)
Propeller: HC-E5N-3(A) (L)/(H,L)E8218

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS

PROPELLER MODELS ON AIRCRAFT


WITHOUT AN FAA TYPE CERTIFICATE
Aircraft/Engine/Propeller Blade Life Limit
Aircraft: Pilatus Model PC-9 9,000 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-62B
Propeller: HC-D4N-2AA/D9512AE(K)
Aircraft: Pilatus Model PC-9 9,000 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-62B
Propeller: HC-D4N-2G/D9512AE(K)
Aircraft: Pilatus Model PC7 MK II 11,500 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-25C
Propeller: HC-D4N-2D/D9512A(K)
Aircraft: Pilatus Model PC7 MK II 11,500 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-25C
Propeller: HC-D4N-2E/D9512A(K)
Aircraft: Pilatus Model PC-9 11,500 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-62
Propeller: HC-D4N-2A/D9512A(B,K)
Aircraft: Pilatus Model PC-9 11,500 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-62
Propeller: HC-D4N-2F/D9512A(B,K)

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS

PROPELLER MODELS ON AIRCRAFT


WITHOUT AN FAA TYPE CERTIFICATE, CONTINUED
Aircraft/Engine/Propeller Blade Life Limit
Aircraft: Korea Aerospace Industries 7,100 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-62
Propeller: HC-E4N-2/E9512CB-1
Aircraft: Korea Aerospace Industries KO-1 7,600 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-62
Propeller: HC-E4N-2B/E9512DB-1
Aircraft: Korea Aerospace Industries KT-1C and KT-1T 7,100 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-62
Propeller: HC-E4N-2C/E9512CB-1
Aircraft: EADS-PZL Warszawa Okecie PZL-130TCII 32,500 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-25C
Propeller: HC-D4N-2DA/D9512AF

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS
(2) The following list specifies life limits for propeller hubs
only. Hubs listed are life limited only on the specified
applications.
PROPELLER MODELS ON FAA TYPE CERTIFIED AIRCRAFT
Hub Unit
Aircraft/Engine/Propeller
Life Limit
Aircraft: Hawker Beechcraft Model 3000 19,497 hours
(US Military T-6A)
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-68
Propeller: HC-E4A-2(A)/E9612(K)
Aircraft: Hawker Beechcraft Model 3000 IAUP 19,497 hours
(US Military T-6B)
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-68
Propeller: HC-E4A-2(A)/E9612(K)
Aircraft: Shorts Model T Mk 1 Tucano 59,600 hours
Engine: Honeywell (Garrett) Model TPE331-12B
Propeller: HC-D4N-5(C,E)/D9327K

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS

PROPELLER MODELS ON FAA TYPE CERTIFIED AIRCRAFT,


CONTINUED
Hub
Aircraft/Engine/Propeller
Life Limit
Aircraft: Piaggio P-180 Avanti that uses nacelles 1,500 hours
80-336005-801 /80-336006-801 and (For complete life
exhaust stub 80-336013-801 limit criteria, refer
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-66 to paragraph 2 in
Propeller: HC-E5N-3(A) (L)/(H,L)E8218 this section.)
Aircraft: Piaggio P-180 Avanti that uses nacelles 3,000 hours
80-336213-801 /80-336214-801 and (For complete life
exhaust stub 80-336013-801 limit criteria, refer
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-66 to paragraph 2 in
Propeller: HC-E5N-3(A) (L)/(H,L)E8218 this section.)
Aircraft: Piaggio P-180 Avanti that uses the following: 18,000 hours
L/H Aft Nacelle/R/H Aft Nacelle Exhaust Stub (For complete life
80-336213-803/80-336214-803 80-336013-803 limit criteria, refer
80-336213-805/80-336214-805 80-337984-801 to paragraph 2 in
80-336250-801/80-336251-801 80-336013-803 this section.)
80-336250-803/80-336251-803 80-336013-803
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-66
Propeller: HC-E5N-3(A) (L)/(H,L)E8218

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS

PROPELLER MODELS ON AIRCRAFT


WITHOUT AN FAA TYPE CERTIFICATE
Hub
Aircraft/Engine/Propeller
Life Limit
Aircraft: EADS-PZL Warszawa Okecie PZL-130TCII 5,500 hours
Engine: Pratt & Whitney Model PT6A-25C
Propeller: HC-D4N-2DA/D9512AF

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS

2. HC-E5N-3(A)(L)/(H,L)E8218
A. Propeller hub and blades of HC-E5N-3( )( ), for Piaggio
P-180 aircraft with Pratt & Whitney PT6A-66 engines,
are life limited at 1500 hours and must be retired from
service if they have ever been installed on an aircraft with
nacelle p/n 80-336005-801 and 80-336006-801 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-336013-801 before incorporation of
Piaggio Service Bulletin SB-80-0022.
B. Propeller hub and blades of HC-E5N-3( )( ), for Piaggio
P-180 aircraft with Pratt & Whitney PT6A-66 engines,
are life limited at 3000 hours and must be retired from
service if they have ever been installed on an aircraft with
nacelle p/n 80-336213-801 and 80-336214-801 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-336013-801 before incorporation of
Piaggio Service Bulletin SB-80-0022.
C. Propeller hub of HC-E5N-3( )( ), for Piaggio P-180 aircraft
with Pratt & Whitney PT6A-66(B) engines,
is life limited at 18,000 hours and must be retired from
service if it has been installed on an aircraft since new with:
1) Nacelle p/n 80-336213-803 and 80-336214-803 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-336013-803; or
2) Nacelle p/n 80-336213-805 and 80-336214-805 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-337984-801; or
3) Nacelle p/n 80-336250-801 and 80-336251-801 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-336013-803; or
4) Nacelle p/n 80-336250-803 and 80-336251-803 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-336013-803; or
5) Incorporates Piaggio Service Bulletin SB-80-0022
since new.
Any propeller that was operated on an aircraft before
incorporation of SB-80-0022 is not eligible for the 18,000
hour hub service life.
FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS
D. Propeller blades of HC-E5N-3( )( ), for Piaggio P-180 aircraft
with Pratt & Whitney PT6A-66(B) engines, are life limited at
9000 hours and must be retired from service if they have been
installed on an aircraft since new with:
1) Nacelle p/n 80-336213-803 and 80-336214-803 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-336013-803; or
2) Nacelle p/n 80-336213-805 and 80-336214-805 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-337984-801; or
3) Nacelle p/n 80-336250-801 and 80-336251-801 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-336013-803; or
4) Nacelle p/n 80-336250-803 and 80-336251-803 and
exhaust stub p/n 80-336013-803; or
5) Incorporates Piaggio Service Bulletin SB-80-0022
since new.
Any propeller that was operated on an aircraft before
incorporation of SB-80-0022 is not eligible for the 9000 hour
blade service life.

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

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AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS
3. Periodic Inspections
A. For propeller model HC-E5N-3(A)(L)/(H,L)E8218 used
on Piaggio P-180 aircraft with Pratt & Whitney PT6A-66
engines:
(1) Beginning with an inspection at 1500 hours time in
service, propeller blades that have part numbers
HE8218 and LE8218, must be inspected for corrosion/
paint every 24 months or 600 hours of operation,
whichever occurs first, in accordance with Hartzell
Service Bulletin HC-SB-61-181A.
B. For propeller model HC-E4W-5L/JE10305(B) used on
Fairchild Aircraft SA227-AC modified by Perimeter Airlines:
(1) Fretting shim, part number 101058 must be used.
(2) Perform a mid-overhaul flange fretting inspection
at 2000 hours or 3 years, whichever occurs first,
in accordance with Hartzell Standard Practices
Manual 202A (61-01-02), Volume 3.

FAA APPROVED

by: ______________________________ date: ____________

Manager, Chicago Aircraft Certification Office,


ACE-115C
Federal Aviation Administration

Page 26
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LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


Chapter Page Revision Date
Cover Cover and Inside Cover Rev. 11 Nov/09
Message 1 Rev. 8 Nov/99
Message 2 thru 4 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Revision Highlights 5 thru 8 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Record of Revisions 9 and 10 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Record of Temporary Revisions 11 and 12 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Service Documents List 13 and 14 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Airworthiness Limitations 15 thru 26 Rev. 11 Nov/09
List of Effective Pages 27 and 28 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Table of Contents 29 thru 36 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Introduction 1-1 and 1-2 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Introduction 1-3 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Introduction 1-4 thru 1-6 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Introduction 1-7 and 1-8 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Introduction 1-9 thru 1-16 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Description and Operation 2-1 and 2-2 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Description and Operation 2-3 thru 2-6 Rev. 8 Nov/99
Description and Operation 2-7 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Description and Operation 2-8 thru 2-12 Rev. 8 Nov/99
Description and Operation 2-13 and 2-14 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Description and Operation 2-15 and 2-16 Rev. 8 Nov/99
Description and Operation 2-17 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Description and Operation 2-18 thru 2-21 Rev. 8 Nov/99
Description and Operation 2-22 thru 2-24 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Description and Operation 2-25 thru 2-27 Rev. 8 Nov/99
Description and Operation 2-28 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Installation and Removal 3-1 thru 3-8 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Installation and Removal 3-9 and 3-10 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Installation and Removal 3-11 thru 3-76 Rev. 10 Sep/07

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LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES


Chapter Page Revision Date
Testing and Troubleshooting 4-1 thru 4-12 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Inspection and Check 5-1 and 5-2 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Inspection and Check 5-3 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Inspection and Check 5-4 thru 5-8 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Inspection and Check 5-9 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Inspection and Check 5-10 thru 5-26 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Inspection and Check 5-27 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Inspection and Check 5-28 thru 5-42 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Maintenance Practices 6-1 thru 6-4 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Maintenance Practices 6-5 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Maintenance Practices 6-6 thru 6-10 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Maintenance Practices 6-11 thru 6-14 Rev. 11 Nov/09
Maintenance Practices 6-15 thru 6-22 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Anti-ice and De-ice Systems 7-1 thru 7-6 Rev. 10 Sep/07
Records 8-1 thru 8-4 Rev. 10 Sep/07

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
MESSAGE ...................................................................................... 1
HIGHLIGHTS.................................................................................. 5
RECORD OF REVISIONS ..................... ....................................... 9
RECORD OF TEMPORARY REVISIONS .....................................11
SERVICE DOCUMENTS LIST ..................................................... 13
AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS ................................................ 15
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES ...................................................... 27
TABLE OF CONTENTS................................................................ 29
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................... 1-1
1. Purpose .................................................................................. 1-3
2. Airworthiness Limits ................................................................ 1-3
3. Airframe or Engine Modifications ............................................ 1-4
4. Restrictions and Placards ....................................................... 1-5
5. General ................................................................................... 1-6
A. Personnel Requirements ................................................... 1-6
B. Maintenance Practices....................................................... 1-6
C. Continued Airworthiness .................................................... 1-8
6. Reference Publications ........................................................... 1-9
7. Definitions ............................................................................. 1-10
8. Abbreviations ........................................................................ 1-14
9. Hartzell Product Support ...................................................... 1-15
10. Warranty Service ................................................................. 1-15
11. Hartzell Recommended Facilities ......................................... 1-16
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION.............................................. 2-1
1. Functional Description of Constant Speed Propeller Types ... 2-5
A. Feathering Propellers HC-(D,E)4( )-2( ) Series.................. 2-5
B. Feathering and Reversing Propellers
HC-(D,E)(4,5)( )-3( ) Series.............................................. 2-11
C. Feathering and Reversing Propellers
HC-(D,E)4( )-5( ) Series ................................................... 2-15
D. Feathering and Reversing Propellers
HC-D3F-7( ) Series .......................................................... 2-19

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TABLE OF CONTENTS, CONTINUED


Page
2. Model Designation ................................................................ 2-22
A. Aluminum Hub Propeller Model Identification .................. 2-22
B. Aluminum Blade Model Identification ............................... 2-24
3. Governors ............................................................................. 2-27
A. Theory of Operation ......................................................... 2-27
4. Propeller De-Ice Systems ..................................................... 2-28
A. System Overview ............................................................. 2-28
INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL ................................................. 3-1
1. Tools, Consumables, and Expendables ................................. 3-5
A. General .............................................................................. 3-5
B. Tooling................................................................................ 3-5
C. Consumables ..................................................................... 3-6
D. Expendables ...................................................................... 3-6
2. Pre-Installation ........................................................................ 3-6
A. Inspection of Shipping Package......................................... 3-6
B. Uncrating............................................................................ 3-6
C. Inspection after Shipment .................................................. 3-6
D. Reassembly of a Propeller Disassembled for Shipment .... 3-6
3. Propeller Assembly Installation ............................................... 3-7
A. Precautions ........................................................................ 3-7
B. Installing the HC-(D,E)4( )-2( ) Propeller on the
Aircraft Engine .....................................................................3-11
C. Installing the HC-(D,E)(4,5)(A,N,P)-3( ) Propeller
on the Aircraft Engine ..........................................................3-21
D. Installing the HC-E4W-3 Propeller on the Aircraft Engine ...3-25
E. Installing the HC-E4W-5L Propeller on the Aircraft Engine .3-33
F. Installing the HC-(D,E)4( )-5( ) Propeller
on the Aircraft Engine, Except HC-E4W-5L ........................3-37
G. Installing the HC-D3F-7( ) Propeller on the Allison Engine ..3-44
4. Spinner Dome Installation .................................................... 3-52
A. General ............................................................................ 3-52
B. Propeller Models HC-(D,E)4( )-(2,3,5)( ) and HC-E5N-3( )
with D-5505-1( ) Spinner Assembly ................................. 3-52

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TABLE OF CONTENTS, CONTINUED


Page
4. Spinner Dome Installation, continued
C. Propeller Models HC-E5N-3( ) with D-5527-1( ) Spinner
Assembly ......................................................................... 3-55
D. Propeller Model HC-D3F-7( ) Installed on Goodyear
Airship GZ-22 ................................................................... 3-55
5. Post-Installation Checks ....................................................... 3-56
6. Spinner Dome Removal ....................................................... 3-56
7. Propeller Assembly Removal ................................................ 3-57
A. Removal of HC-(D,E)4( )-2( ) Propellers .......................... 3-57
B. Removal of HC-(D,E)(4,5)(A,N,P)-3( ) Propellers ............ 3-60
C. Removal of HC-E4W-3 Propellers ................................... 3-63
D. Removal of HC-E4W-5L Propellers ................................. 3-66
E. Removal of HC-(D,E)4( )-5( ) Propellers, Except E4W-5L .. 3-69
F. Removal of HC-D3F-7( ) Propellers ................................. 3-72
G. Removal of the D-751 Beta Valve Assembly .................. 3-75
TESTING AND TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................... 4-1
1. Operational Tests .................................................................... 4-3
A. Initial Run-Up ..................................................................... 4-3
B. Post-Run Check ................................................................. 4-3
C. Maximum RPM (Static) Hydraulic Low Pitch Stop Check .. 4-3
D. Reverse Pitch Stop Adjustment ......................................... 4-4
E. Feathering Pitch Stop Adjustment...................................... 4-4
F. Start Lock Adjustment ........................................................ 4-4
G. Propeller Ice Protection System......................................... 4-4
2. Troubleshooting ...................................................................... 4-5
A. Hunting and Surging .......................................................... 4-5
B. Engine Speed Varies with Flight Altitude (or Airspeed) ...... 4-5
C. Loss of Propeller Control ................................................... 4-6
D. Failure to Feather (or feathers slowly) ............................... 4-6
E. Failure to Unfeather ........................................................... 4-7
F. Start Locks (Anti-Feather Latches)
Fail to Latch on Shutdown ................................................. 4-7
G. Vibration ............................................................................. 4-8
H. Propeller Overspeed .......................................................... 4-9

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TABLE OF CONTENTS, CONTINUED


Page
2. Troubleshooting, continued
I. Propeller Underspeed ........................................................ 4-9
J. Oil or Grease Leakage ..................................................... 4-10
INSPECTION AND CHECK......................................................... 5-1
1. Pre-Flight Checks ................................................................... 5-3
2. Operational Checks ................................................................ 5-5
3. Post-Flight Checks ................................................................. 5-6
A. General .............................................................................. 5-6
B. Requirements..................................................................... 5-6
4. Required Periodic Inspections and Maintenance ................... 5-7
A. Periodic Inspections ........................................................... 5-7
B. Periodic Maintenance ........................................................ 5-9
C. Airworthiness Limitations ................................................... 5-9
D. Overhaul Periods ............................................................. 5-10
5. Inspection Procedures .......................................................... 5-18
A. Blade Damage ................................................................. 5-18
B. Grease or Oil Leakage ..................................................... 5-18
C. Vibration ........................................................................... 5-20
D. Tachometer Inspection ..................................................... 5-23
E. Blade Track ...................................................................... 5-25
F. Loose Blades ................................................................... 5-27
G. Preload Plate Set Screw .................................................. 5-28
H. Corrosion ......................................................................... 5-29
I. Spinner Damage ............................................................. 5-29
J. Ice Protection System ...................................................... 5-29
6. Special Inspections ............................................................... 5-32
A. Overspeed/Overtorque .................................................... 5-32
B. Propeller Ground Idle Operating Restrictions .................. 5-33
C. Lightning Strike ................................................................ 5-39
D. Foreign Object Strike/Ground Strike ................................ 5-40
E. Fire Damage or Heat Damage ......................................... 5-42
7. Long Term Storage ............................................................... 5-42

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TABLE OF CONTENTS, CONTINUED


Page
MAINTENANCE PRACTICES ..................................................... 6-1
1. Cleaning ................................................................................. 6-3
A. General Cleaning ............................................................... 6-3
B. Spinner Cleaning and Polishing ......................................... 6-3
2. Lubrication .............................................................................. 6-5
A. Lubrication Intervals ........................................................... 6-5
B. Lubrication Procedure ........................................................ 6-6
C. Approved Lubricants .......................................................... 6-8
3. Carbon Block Assemblies ....................................................... 6-9
A. Inspection........................................................................... 6-9
B. Replacement of the A-3026 Carbon Block Unit in the
A-3044 Carbon Block Assembly ........................................ 6-9
C. Installation of the A-3044 Carbon Block Assembly ............ 6-9
4. Blade Repairs ....................................................................... 6-11
A. Repair of Nicks and Gouges ............................................ 6-11
B. Repair of Bent Blades ...................................................... 6-13
5. Painting After Repair ............................................................. 6-15
A. General ............................................................................ 6-15
B. Painting of Aluminum Blades ........................................... 6-16
6. Dynamic Balance .................................................................. 6-18
A. Overview .......................................................................... 6-18
B. Inspection Procedures Before Balancing ......................... 6-19
C. Modifying Spinner Bulkhead to Accommodate Dynamic
Balance Weights .............................................................. 6-19
D. Placement of Balance Weights for Dynamic Balance ...... 6-20
7. De-Ice Systems .................................................................... 6-21
ANTI-ICE AND DE-ICE SYSTEMS ........ .................................... 7-1
1. Propeller De-ice System........................................................... 7-3
A. Introduction ......................................................................... 7-3
B. Description.......................................................................... 7-3
C. De-ice System Functional Tests ......................................... 7-4
D. De-ice System Inspections ................................................. 7-4
E. De-ice System Troubleshooting.......................................... 7-5

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TABLE OF CONTENTS, CONTINUED


Page
RECORDS................................................................................... 8-1
1. Introduction ............................................................................. 8-3
2. Record Keeping ...................................................................... 8-3
A. Information to be Recorded ............................................... 8-3

LIST OF FIGURES
Page
HC-(D,E)4A-2( ) Series Propeller .................Figure 2-1 ............. 2-3
HC-(D,E)4N-2( ) Series Propeller .................Figure 2-2 ............. 2-4
HC-(D,E)4N-3( ) Series Propeller with
Start Locks .................................................Figure 2-3 ............. 2-7
HC-(D,E)4N-3( ) Series Propeller ..................Figure 2-4 ............. 2-8
HC-(D,E)4A-3( ) Series Propeller ..................Figure 2-5 ............. 2-9
HC-(D,E)5( )-3( ) Series Propeller .................Figure 2-6 ........... 2-10
HC-(D,E)4( )-5( ) Series Propeller ................Figure 2-7 ........... 2-14
HC-D3F-7( ) Series Propeller .......................Figure 2-8 ........... 2-18
Governor in Onspeed Condition ....................Figure 2-9 ........... 2-26
Governor in Underspeed Condition ...............Figure 2-10 ......... 2-26
Governor in Overspeed Condition .................Figure 2-11 ......... 2-26
Air Conditioning Drive Accessories ...............Figure 3-1 ............. 3-8
Installing Propeller on Engine Flange ............Figure 3-2 ........... 3-12
Mounting Bolt and Washer ............................Figure 3-3 ........... 3-13
Determining Torque Value When Using
Torquing Adaptor ........................................Figure 3-4 ........... 3-14
Diagram of Torquing Sequence for Propeller
Mounting Bolts............................................Figure 3-5 ........... 3-15
Tool for Decompressing HC-(D,E)(4,5)( )-3( )
Series External Beta System.....................Figure 3-6 .......... 3-20
Carbon Block and Beta Ring Clearance ........Figure 3-7 ........... 3-22

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LIST OF FIGURES, CONTINUED


Page
Carbon Block Assembly ................................Figure 3-8 ........... 3-22
Hub-to-Spacer O-ring Location in the Spacer .Figure 3-9 ........... 3-26
Installing the HC-E4W-3 Propeller on
Engine Flange ............................................Figure 3-10 ......... 3-28
Installing the Washer on the Mounting Stud ..Figure 3-11 ......... 3-30
Installing the HC-E4W-5L Propeller
on Engine Flange .......................................Figure 3-12 ......... 3-32
Beta Valve System ........................................Figure 3-13 ......... 3-40
Beta Valve System in the Propeller ...............Figure 3-14 ......... 3-41
Front View of the Beta Valve System
in the Propeller ...........................................Figure 3-15 ......... 3-42
Rear View of the Beta Valve System
in the Propeller ...........................................Figure 3-16 ......... 3-43
Filed Rod for Set Screw ................................Figure 3-17 ......... 3-47
Spinner Assembly for HC-(D,E)4( )-(2,3,5)( )
and HC-E5N-3( ) with D-5505-1( )
Spinner Assembly.......................................Figure 3-18 ......... 3-50
Spinner Reassembly Procedures ..................Figure 3-19 ......... 3-51
D-5527-1( ) Spinner Assembly ......................Figure 3-20 ......... 3-54
Checking Blade Track ...................................Figure 5-1 ........... 5-24
Blade Play .....................................................Figure 5-2 ........... 5-24
Turbine Engine Overspeed Limits .................Figure 5-3 ........... 5-30
Turbine Engine Overtorque Limits .................Figure 5-4 ........... 5-31
Example of an Evaluation of Ground Idle
RPM Check ................................................Figure 5-5 ........... 5-34
Corrective Action Required ............................Figure 5-6 ........... 5-35
Lubrication Fitting ..........................................Figure 6-1 ............. 6-4
Repair Limitations ..........................................Figure 6-2 ........... 6-10

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LIST OF TABLES
Pages
Propeller/Engine Flange O-rings
and Mounting Hardware .............................Table 3-1 .............. 3-9
Torque Table ..................................................Table 3-2 ............ 3-16
Approved Touch-Up Paints ............................Table 6-1 ............ 6-15

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1. Purpose
CAUTION: KEEP THIS MANUAL WITH THE PROPELLER
OR WITH THE AIRCRAFT ON WHICH IT IS
INSTALLED, AT ALL TIMES. THE LOG BOOK
RECORD WITHIN THIS MANUAL MUST BE
MAINTAINED, RETAINED CONCURRENTLY,
AND BECOME A PART OF THE AIRCRAFT AND
ENGINE SERVICE RECORDS.
This manual supports constant speed feathering and constant
speed feathering and reversing lightweight turbine propellers with
aluminum blades.
The purpose of this manual is to enable qualified personnel to
install, operate, and maintain a Hartzell Constant Speed
Feathering or Constant Speed Feathering and Reversing
Lightweight Turbine Propeller. Separate manuals are available
concerning overhaul procedures and specifications for the
propeller.
This manual covers several design types. Sample hub and blade
model numbers within this design are covered in the Description
and Operation chapter of this manual.
NOTE: All propeller models covered by this manual use
aluminum propeller blades. Identical propeller types
that use composite blades are supported by Hartzell
Manual 147 (61-00-47).
2. Airworthiness Limits
Refer to the Airworthiness Limitations chapter of this manual for
Airworthiness Limits information.

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3. Airframe or Engine Modifications


A. Propellers are approved vibrationwise on airframe and engine
combinations based on tests or analysis of similar installations.
This data has demonstrated that propeller stress levels are
affected by airframe configuration, airspeed, weight, power,
engine configuration and approved flight maneuvers. Aircraft
modifications that can effect propeller stress include, but
are not limited to: aerodynamic changes ahead of or behind
the propeller, realignment of the thrust axis, increasing or
decreasing airspeed limits, increasing or decreasing weight
limits (less significant on piston engines), and the addition of
approved flight maneuvers (utility and aerobatic).
B. Engine modifications can also affect the propeller. The two
primary categories of engine modifications are those that
affect structure and those that affect power. An example of a
structural engine modification is the alteration of the
crankshaft or damper of a piston engine. Any change to the
weight, stiffness or tuning of rotating components could result
in a potentially dangerous resonant condition that is not
detectable by the pilot. Most common engine modifications
affect the power during some phase of operation. Some
modifications increase the maximum power output, while
others improve the power available during hot and high
operation (flat rating) or at off-peak conditions. Examples of
such engine modifications include, but are not limited to:
changes to the compressor, power turbine or hot section of a
turboprop engine; and on piston engines, the addition or
alteration of a turbocharger or turbonormalizer, increased
compression ratio, increased rpm, altered ignition timing,
electronic ignition, full authority digital electronic controls
(FADEC), or tuned induction or exhaust.
C. All such modifications must be reviewed and approved by the
propeller manufacturer before obtaining approval on the
aircraft.

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(7) Before installing the propeller on the engine, the


propeller must be static balanced. New propellers are
statically balanced at Hartzell. Overhauled propellers
must be statically balanced by the overhaul facility
before return to service.
(a) Dynamic balance is recommended, but may be
accomplished at the discretion of the operator,
unless specifically required by the airframe or engine
manufacturer.
1 Perform dynamic balance in accordance with the
Maintenance Practices chapter of this manual.
2 Additional procedures may be found in the
aircraft maintenance manual.
(8) As necessary, use a soft, non-graphite pencil or crayon
to make identifying marks on components.
(9) As applicable, follow military standard NASM33540 for
safety wire and cotter pin general practices. Use 0.032
inch (0.81 mm) diameter stainless steel safety wire
unless otherwise indicated.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE OBSOLETE OR
OUTDATED INFORMATION. PERFORM
ALL INSPECTIONS OR WORK IN
ACCORDANCE WITH THE MOST
RECENT REVISION OF THIS MANUAL.
INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS
MANUAL MAY BE SIGNIFICANTLY
CHANGED FROM EARLIER REVISIONS.
USE OF OBSOLETE INFORMATION
MAY RESULT IN DEATH, SERIOUS
BODILY INJURY, AND/OR SUBSTANTIAL
PROPERTY DAMAGE. FOR THE MOST
RECENT REVISION LEVEL OF THIS
MANUAL, REFER TO THE HARTZELL
WEBSITE AT WWW.HARTZELLPROP.
COM.
(10)The information in this manual supersedes data in all
previously published revisions of this manual.

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(11) Refer to the airframe manufacturer’s manuals in addition


to the information in this manual because of possible
special requirements for specific aircraft applications.
(12)If the propeller is equipped with an ice protection system
that uses components supplied by Hartzell Propeller Inc.,
applicable instructions and technical information for the
components supplied by Hartzell can be found in the
following publications available on the Hartzell web site at
www.hartzellprop.com:
(a) Manual 180 (30-61-80) - Propeller Ice Protection
System Manual
(b) Manual 181 (30-60-81) - Propeller Ice Protection
Component Maintenance Manual
(c) Manual 182 (61-12-82) - Propeller Electrical De-ice
Boot Removal and Installation Manual
(d) Manual 183 (61-12-83) - Propeller Anti-icing Boot
Removal and Installation Manual
(13) Propeller ice protection system components not
supplied by Hartzell Propeller Inc. are controlled by the
applicable TC or STC holder’s Instructions for Continued
Airworthiness (ICA).
C. Continued Airworthiness
(1) Operators are urged to stay informed of airworthiness
information via Hartzell Service Bulletins and
Service Letters, that are available from Hartzell
distributors or from the Hartzell factory by subscription.
Selected information is also available on Hartzell
Propeller’s website at www.hartzellprop.com.

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Flange O-ring Bolt/Stud Washer Nut Misc


A C-3317-239-2 B-3347 A-2048-2 ---
F C-3317-228 A-1238-2 A-1381 ---
N C-3317-230 B-3339-1 A-2048-2 ---
P C-3317-230 B-3347 A-2048-2 ---
except for
Pratt engine
P C-3317-230 B-3339-1 A-2048-2 ---
Pratt engine
W C-3317-230 A-3254 B-7624 B-7458 C-7620
(HC-E4W-3) (Spacer-to-engine) Spacer
C-3317-233 B-3868-S52
(Hub-to-spacer) Screw
W C-3317-230 A-3254 B-7624 B-7458 101058
(HC-E4W-5L) Propeller
Mounting
Shim

Propeller/Engine Flange O-rings and Mounting Hardware


Table 3-1

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(This page is intentionally blank.)

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1. Pre-Flight Checks
Follow propeller preflight inspection procedures as specified in
the aircraft maintenance manual, air carrier’s operational
specifications, or this manual. In addition, perform the following
inspections:
A. Blades
(1) Visually inspect the entire blade (lead, trail, face, and
camber sides) for nicks, gouges, and cracks. Refer
to the Maintenance Practices chapter of this manual,
for blade repair information. Normal blade lead edge
erosion (sand-blasted appearance) is acceptable, and
does not require removal before further flight.
(2) Visually inspect the blades for lightning strike. Refer to
Lightning Strike Damage information in the Special
Inspections section of this chapter.
B. Inspect the spinner and visible blade retention components
for damage or cracks. Repair or replace components as
required before further flight.
C. Check for loose/missing hardware. Retighten or reinstall as
necessary.
WARNING: ABNORMAL GREASE LEAKAGE CAN BE AN
INDICATION OF A FAILING PROPELLER
BLADE OR BLADE RETENTION COMPONENT.
AN IN-FLIGHT BLADE SEPARATION CAN
RESULT IN A CATASTROPHIC AIRCRAFT
ACCIDENT.
D. Inspect for grease and oil leakage and determine its source.
E. Check the blades for radial play or movement of the blade tip
(in and out or back and forth). Refer to Loose Blades in the
Inspection Procedures section of this chapter for blade play
limits.
F. Inspect de-ice boots (if installed) for damage. Refer to the
Anti-ice and De-ice Systems chapter of this manual for
inspection information.
G. Check the propeller speed control and operation from
reverse or low pitch to high pitch, using the procedure
specified in the Pilot Operating Handbook (POH) for the
aircraft.

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WARNING: ABNORMAL VIBRATION CAN BE AN


INDICATION OF A FAILING PROPELLER
BLADE OR BLADE RETENTION COMPONENT.
AN IN-FLIGHT BLADE SEPARATION CAN
RESULT IN A CATASTROPHIC AIRCRAFT
ACCIDENT.
H. Perform initial run-up as outlined in Operational Tests section
of the Testing and Troubleshooting chapter of this manual.
I. Check for any abnormal vibration during this run-up. If
vibration occurs, shut the engine down, determine the cause,
and correct it before further flight. Refer to the Vibration
section in the Testing and Troubleshooting chapter of this
manual.
J. Refer to Inspection Procedures section of this chapter for
additional inspection information and possible corrections to
any discrepancies discovered as a result of pre-flight checks.

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B. Periodic Maintenance
Lubricate the propeller assembly. Refer to Lubrication in the
Maintenances Practices chapter of this manual for intervals
and procedures.
C. Airworthiness Limitations
(1) Certain components, as well as the entire propeller may
have specific life limits established as part of the
certification by the FAA. Such limits call for mandatory
replacement of specified parts after a defined number of
hours and/or cycles of use.
(2) Life limited component times may exist for the
propeller models included in this manual. Refer to the
Airworthiness Limitations chapter of this manual.
(3) Operators are urged to keep informed of airworthiness
information via Hartzell Service Bulletins and Service
Letters, which are available from Hartzell distributors
or from the Hartzell factory by subscription. Selected
information is also available on Hartzell Propeller’s
website at www.hartzellprop.com.

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D. Overhaul Periods
(1) General
(a) In flight, the propeller is constantly subjected to
vibration from the engine and the airstream, as well
as high centrifugal forces.
(b) The propeller is also subject to corrosion, as well
as general deterioration due to aging. Under these
conditions, metal fatigue or mechanical failures can
occur.
(c) To protect your safety and your investment, and
to maximize the safe operating lifetime of your
propeller, it is essential that a propeller be properly
maintained and overhauled according to the
recommended service procedures.
(d) Agricultural category aircraft are defined as aircraft
used as aerial applicators as defined in 14 CFR
137.3, as specified in FAA order 8700.1, including
forest fire-fighting activities. These operations
may expose the propeller to a relatively severe
chemical/corrosive environment. Once installed on
an agricultural aircraft, the 36 month overhaul limit is
to be maintained until overhaul is performed, even
if the propeller is later installed on a non-agricultural
aircraft.
(e) Acrobatic (aerobatic) category aircraft are defined
as certificated acrobatic (aerobatic) category aircraft
or other aircraft routinely exposed to maneuvers
beyond those specified for utility category aircraft as
defined in 14 CFR 23.3. Once a propeller is used on
an aerobatic aircraft, the specified overhaul times
for an aerobatic propeller are to be maintained until
overhaul is performed, even if the propeller is later
installed on a non-aerobatic aircraft.
(f) Fire fighting category aircraft are defined as
aircraft used solely and exclusively for fire fighting
operations and related training flights.
(g) This section contains the overhaul limits for Hartzell
lightweight propellers installed on turbine engines.

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F. Loose Blades
Refer to Figure 5-2. Limits for blade looseness are as
follows:
End Play See Note Below
Fore & Aft Play See Note Below
In & Out None
Radial Play (pitch change) ± 0.5 degree
(1 degree total)
NOTE: Blades are intended to be tight in the propeller,
however slight movement is acceptable if the
blade returns to its original position when released.
Blades with excessive movement, or that do not
return to their original position when released may
indicate internal wear or damage that should be
referred to an authorized propeller repair station.

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G. Preload Plate Set Screw


(1) Manually rotate the propeller and listen for possible
noise caused by a broken set or jam nut that may be
loose in the propeller hub.
(2) With the propeller blades in feathered position, make
sure the feather (low) stop nuts are seated on the
reverse adjustment sleeve or plate. Refer to Figures 2-2
through 2-8 in the Description and Operation chapter.
(3) If there is noise indicating a loose part or the propeller
blades do not go completely to feather, remove the
propeller. Send the propeller to a repair station for
disassembly and inspection for a possible broken
preload plate set screw.
(a) If a broken set screw is found, the propeller must be
inspected for damage that may have been caused
by the broken set screw.
(b) Report any such incidents to the Hartzell Product
Support Department.

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2. Lubrication
A. Lubrication Intervals
(1) The propeller is to be lubricated at intervals not to exceed
400 hours or (12) calendar months, whichever occurs first.
(a) The HC-E5( )-3( ) propeller installed on Piaggio
P-180 is to be lubricated at 150 hour intervals
or at twelve (12) calendar months, whichever
occurs first, all other applications is to be
lubricated at 400 hour intervals.
(b) If annual operation is significantly less than 400
hours, calendar lubrication intervals should be
reduced to six months.
(c) If the aircraft is operated or stored under
adverse atmospheric conditions, e.g., high humidity,
salt air, calendar lubrication intervals should be
reduced to six months.
(2) Owners of high use aircraft may wish to extend their
lubrication intervals. Lubrication interval may be
gradually extended after evaluation of previous propeller
overhauls with regard to bearing wear and internal
corrosion.
(3) Hartzell recommends that new or newly overhauled
propellers be lubricated after the first one or two hours
of operation because centrifugal loads will pack and
redistribute grease, which may result in a propeller
imbalance. Redistribution of grease may also result in
voids in the blade bearing area where moisture can collect.
(a) Purchasers of new aircraft should check the
propeller logbook to verify whether the propeller was
lubricated by the manufacturer during flight testing.
If it was not lubricated, the propeller should be
serviced at the earliest convenience.

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B. Lubrication Procedure
CAUTION: FOLLOW LUBRICATION PROCEDURES
CORRECTLY TO MAINTAIN ACCURATE
BALANCE OF THE PROPELLER ASSEMBLY.
(1) Remove the propeller spinner.
(2) Refer to Figure 6-1. Each blade socket has two lubrication
fittings. Remove the lubrication fitting caps from the
lubrication fittings. Remove the lubrication fittings from
either the cylinder side or the engine side of the hub
assembly.
NOTE: It is preferable to apply grease to the fitting
located nearest the leading edge of the blade
on a tractor installation and nearest the trailing
edge on a pusher installation. Lubricating at
this location reduces the possibility of grease
bypassing the bearing area and entering the
hub cavity.
(a) A 45 degree lubrication fitting (Hartzell P/N C-6349)
may be installed on the engine-side or cylinder-
side of the propeller in any location where a straight
lubrication fitting (Hartzell P/N A-279) was originally
installed. The 45 degree lubrication fitting simplifies
lubrication.
(b) The lubrication fittings installed on the engine-side or
cylinder-side must be either all straight (Hartzell P/N
A-279) or all 45 degree (Hartzell P/N C-6349).
(3) Using a piece of safety wire, loosen any blockage or
hardened grease at the threaded holes where the
lubrication fitting was removed.
WARNING: WHEN MIXING AEROSHELL GREASES 5
AND 6, AEROSHELL GREASE 5 MUST BE
INDICATED ON THE LABEL (HARTZELL
P/N A-3594) AND THE AIRCRAFT MUST BE
PLACARDED TO INDICATE THAT FLIGHT
IS PROHIBITED IF THE OUTSIDE AIR
TEMPERATURE IS LESS THAN -40°F (-40°C).

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4. Blade Repairs
WARNING: ALL NICKS, GOUGES, OR SCRATCHES OF
ANY SIZE CAN CREATE A STRESS RISER
THAT COULD POTENTIALLY LEAD TO BLADE
CRACKING. ALL DAMAGE SHOULD BE
VISUALLY EXAMINED CAREFULLY BEFORE
FLIGHT FOR THE PRESENCE OF CRACKS
OR OTHER ABNORMALITIES.

CAUTION: BLADES THAT HAVE BEEN PREVIOUSLY


REPAIRED OR OVERHAULED MAY HAVE
BEEN DIMENSIONALLY REDUCED. BEFORE
REPAIRING SIGNIFICANT DAMAGE OR MAKING
REPAIRS ON BLADES THAT ARE APPROACHING
SERVICEABLE LIMITS, CONTACT AN
APPROPRIATELY LICENSED PROPELLER
REPAIR FACILITY OR THE HARTZELL PRODUCT
SUPPORT DEPARTMENT FOR BLADE
DIMENSIONAL LIMITS.
Nicks, gouges, and scratches on blade surfaces or on the leading
or trailing edges of the blade must be removed before flight. Field
repair of small nicks and scratches may be performed by
qualified personnel in accordance with FAA Advisory Circular
43.13-1B, as well as the procedures specified below. Normal blade
lead edge erosion (sand-blasted appearance) is acceptable, and
does not require removal before further flight.
A. Repair of Nicks and Gouges
Local repairs may be made using files, electrical or air
powered equipment. Emery cloth, scotch brite, and crocus
cloth are to be used for final finishing. Refer to Figure 6-2.

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CAUTION 1: REWORK THAT INVOLVES COLD


WORKING THE METAL, RESULTING
IN CONCEALMENT OF A DAMAGED
AREA, IS NOT ACCEPTABLE. A STRESS
CONCENTRATION MAY EXIST THAT CAN
RESULT IN A BLADE FAILURE.

CAUTION 2: BLADES THAT HAVE BEEN SHOT PEENED


(AS INDICATED BY A "PEBBLE GRAIN"
SURFACE) THAT HAVE DAMAGE IN THE
SHOT PEENED AREAS IN EXCESS OF
0.015 INCH (0.38 mm) DEEP ON THE FACE
OR CAMBER OR 0.250 INCH (6.35 mm) ON
THE LEADING OR TRAILING EDGES
MUST BE REMOVED FROM SERVICE,
AND THE REWORKED AREA SHOT
PEENED BEFORE FURTHER FLIGHT.
SHOT PEENING OF AN ALUMINUM BLADE
MUST BE ACCOMPLISHED BY AN
APPROPRIATELY LICENSED REPAIR
FACILITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH
HARTZELL ALUMINUM BLADE MANUAL
133C (61-13-33).
(1) Repairs to the leading or trailing edge are to be
accomplished by removing material from the bottom of
the damaged area. Remove material from this point out
to both sides of the damage, providing a smooth, faired
depression that maintains the general original airfoil
shape.
(2) Repairs to the blade face or camber should be made in
the same manner as above. Repairs that form a
continuous line across the blade section (chordwise) are
not permitted.
(3) The area of repair should be determined as follows:
Leading and trailing edge damage: Depth of nick x 10.
Face and camber: Depth of nick x 20. Refer to Figure 6-2.
NOTE: Leading edge includes the first 10 percent
of chord from the leading edge. The trailing
edge consists of the last 20 percent of chord
adjacent to the trailing edge.

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(4) After filing or sanding of the damaged area, the area


must then be polished, first with emery cloth or Scotch
Brite Pad , and finally with crocus cloth to remove any
traces of filing.
(5) Inspect the repaired area with a 10X magnifying glass.
(a) Make sure that indications of the damage, file marks,
or coarse surface finish do not remain.
(b) Perform a penetrant inspection in accordance with
Hartzell Standard Practices Manual 202A (61-01-02).
(6) Treat the repaired area to prevent corrosion.
(a) Apply chemical conversion coating and approved
paint to the repaired area before returning the
blade to service. Refer to the section "Painting After
Repair" in this chapter.
B. Repair of Bent Blades
CAUTION: DO NOT ATTEMPT TO "PRE-STRAIGHTEN"
A BLADE BEFORE DELIVERY TO AN
APPROPRIATELY LICENSED PROPELLER
REPAIR FACILITY. THIS WILL CAUSE THE
BLADE TO BE SCRAPPED BY THE REPAIR
FACILITY.
(1) Repair of a bent blade or blades is considered a major
repair. This type of repair must be accomplished by an
appropriately licensed propeller repair facility, and only
within approved guidelines.

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