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PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION

FOR ASPEN MINIPUMPS


Minipumps are not designed to run When these are supplied as 2 separate When these 2 elements
dry as they are both cooled and items as in the Orange or Aqua series, are combined together
lubricated by the water flowing they are known as a SPLIT TYPE PUMP in 1 unit as in the Lime
through them. They therefore require and the 2 elements are connected series, they are known as
a float switch to detect the presence together with a length of 1/4” vinyl tube a MONOBLOC PUMP in which the
of water in the drain pan and and a communication cable, both of pump and reservoir share a common
activate the pump only when water which are usually around 6 feet long, but body and no connecting tubes
is present. may be extended if required. or wires are
For this reason, a Minipump Mini & Maxi Orange needed.
always consists of 2 elements: Mini & Maxi
1. The pump body, which Reservoir Lime
includes an electronic PCB and Pump Body
the pump motor.
Pump Body
2. The reservoir, which contains
the filter and the switching mechanism
to activate the pump. This must always Mini Aqua
be kept level and clean to facilitate Reservoir
operation of the float switch and Reservoir
Pump Body
the filter must be cleaned regularly.

Both types are supplied with unless the pump is powered. which the overflow wires can be connected
2 incoming cables: NOTE: The overflow switch is designed as per the specific wiring diagrams
1. A power supply cable, which always for a maximum load of 5 amps up provided by that manufacturer, and if an
has 3 conductors, color coded for different to 230 volts, which is normally more overflow does occur, the unit will
voltages in accordance with the NEC. than enough for most Minisplits as automatically turn off and an alarm LED
Conductors for 115 volt pumps are white, the current and the voltage carried in will flash on the control panel of the unit.
black and green, and conductors for the communication wire are usually If this is not the case and an external
230 volt pumps are red, black and green, well below this. audio or visual alarm is required, this can
and these colors are standard for all Standard wiring diagrams for most easily be done by connecting the orange
models which operate on line voltage. Minisplit manufacturers are available wire which is energized only when the
2. An overflow alarm cable, which is at WWW.EZTRAP.COM or water level in the reservoir becomes
designed to break the communication WWW.ASPENPUMPSUSA.COM for abnormally high.
wire between the condenser and the download, or can be emailed or faxed In order to connect an external alarm, it
evaporator in case the water level in the on request. is necessary for the communication wire
reservoir rises to an unacceptable level. If the 5 amp limit is exceeded, it will be to carry a stable AC voltage anywhere
This cable also has 3 conductors, gray necessary to use a single pole switching between 12 and 230 volts.
(common), purple (normally closed) and relay to handle this current to prevent theIf an external alarm is required, the orange
orange (normally open), and this color electronics in the pump from burning out. wire would be connected to one terminal
coding is identical for all pump models. of the alarm device which must use the
Specific wiring diagrams for this type of
CONNECTION OF THE OVERFLOW installation are available from EZ-TRAP same voltage as the communications wire,
SWITCH IS MANDATORY. FAILURE on request. which will have to be determined prior
TO DO SO WILL INVALIDATE to installation. If no external alarm is
MANUFACTURER’S WARRANTY Some Minisplits have communications
wires which are sensitive because they required, the orange wire is not used and
AND ALMOST CERTAINLY LEAD TO the end is taped off to isolate it.
FLOODING AND WATER DAMAGE. utilize proprietary operating protocols,
and these may have to be wired in a If the alarm device is powered by 12 to
NOTE: The overflow switch contacts are a different way. In these cases the overflow 115 volts, it will be necessary to connect
separate volt-free circuit which operates switch must be wired only according to a the other terminal of the alarm device
entirely independently from the power wiring diagram dedicated to that partic- to a neutral to complete the circuit.
circuit that automatically switches the ular manufacturer and/or model series. If the alarm device is powered by 230
pump on and off as the water level rises volts, it will be necessary to determine
or subsides. Specific wiring diagrams for this type
of installation are also available from the polarity of the communication wire
NOTE ALSO that the overflow switch EZ-TRAP on request. (line 1 or line 2) and then to connect the
is electronic and draws its power other terminal of the alarm device to the
directly from the PCB in the pump, Some Minisplits include a dedicated set of other line (1 or 2) to complete the circuit.
so the switch itself cannot operate contacts on the PCB in the evaporator into

Imported and Distributed by 3 Kellogg Court, Unit 10, Edison, NJ 08817 • www.eztrap.com
phone 732-248-8066 • fax 732-248-8068 • email: info@eztrap.com
SEE PAGE 3 FOR DETAILED DIAGRAMS OF SEQUENCE OF OPERATION 
and PAGE 4 FOR PUMP SELECTION SPECIFICATIONS
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If the current in the communication wire It is not a good idea to hard wire the from the outgoing terminals on the
is low voltage electronic or DC, it will pump from a separate circuit, or to power disconnect, not the incoming ones,
generally be difficult or impossible to it from a receptacle like a conventional to ensure that if the evaporator is
isolate the other leg required to operate tank pump because either of these can be isolated, the pump will be isolated
an alarm, and in this case, the orange inadvertently isolated or the plug could be as well.
wire is simply taped up and not used. accidentally removed. Details of this will be found in
Connection details for an external In either case the evaporator would diagram B below.
alarm will be found in diagram A continue to produce water, but there All manufacturers of Minisplit air
below. would be no power to operate the pump conditioners use different wiring protocols,
Generally, most installers do not connect or the overflow switch, so a flood would so the communications wire varies from
up an external alarm and this is why our occur and this is unacceptable. one unit to another, as well as from one
wiring diagrams show the orange wire In spite of this, some local codes actually model to another, and for this reason, all
being taped off and not used. call for this type of wiring connection and wiring diagrams in the installation
if local code officials insist, this manuals are generic.
NOTE THAT THE OVERFLOW ALARM
CIRCUIT NEVER DEACTIVATES THE requirement will have to be met even Consult EZ-TRAP for factory
PUMP WHICH REMAINS LIVE AT though it may contradict the Aspen wiring approved wiring diagrams for all
ALL TIMES. instructions. the major manufacturers. These
Some codes also require a disconnect can be found on WWW.EZTRAP.COM
The power supply to the pump should or WWW.ASPENPUMPSUSA.COM or
always be connected to the incoming close to the evaporator and, if this is
installed, sometimes the pump is powered can be emailed or faxed on request.
power terminal block on the evaporator
to ensure that the pump is powered directly from the disconnect. In this case,
whenever the evaporator is powered. it is vital that the pump is powered

All pump models incorporate a filter in the All pump models require a mandatory ASPEN Mini models are available in
reservoir which must be cleaned regularly. breather tube to prevent an airlock in the 24V, 115V and 230V AC.
A detailed explanation of this will be reservoir while the pump is operating. ASPEN Maxi models are available in
found in diagram C below. A detailed explanation of this will be 115V & 230V AC only.
found in diagram D below.

A B CORRECT POWER WIRING FOR PUMP


DIAGRAM TO HOOK UP AN EXTERNAL ALARM IF DISCONNECT IS REQUIRED BY LOCAL CODE

LIGHT OR BUZZER EVAPORATOR EVAPORATOR


24V, 115V OR 230V
ACCORDING TO VOLTAGE 115V 230V
IN COMMUNICATION WIRE

N WHITE L2 RED
L BLACK L1 BLACK
FOR 24V OR 115V THIS MUST BE
WIRED TO A NEUTRAL G GREEN G GREEN
ORANGE

FOR 230V IT MUST BE WIRED TO


OTHER LEG OF INCOMING POWER
PUMP PUMP
COMMUNICATION
TERMINAL IN N.O. 115V 230 V
EVAPORATOR GREY MAX 5 AMPS
NEUTRAL
LIVE
GROUND

LINE2
LINE1
GROUND
DISCONNECT DISCONNECT
WIRE COMMUNICATION WIRE
NUT FROM CONDENSER DO NOT WIRE PUMP DO NOT WIRE PUMP
N.C. FROM INCOMING SIDE FROM INCOMING SIDE
PURPLE OF DISCONNECT OF DISCONNECT
115 VOLTS 230 VOLTS

C D
EFFECT OF DIRTY FILTER WHY BREATHER TUBE IS REQUIRED
WHEN PUMP STARTS AND BEGINS SUCKING WATER OUT OF RESERVOIR, AN AIRLOCK WILL BE CREATED
WHEN CONDENSATE STARTS FLOWING IT CANNOT PENETRATE BREATHER UNLESS AN AIR INTAKE OPENING IS PROVIDED ON TOP OF RESERVOIR. BECAUSE CONDENSATE FLOW
FILTER TO ACTIVATE PUMP OR OVERFLOW ALARM, AND TUBE FROM DRAIN PAN INTO RESERVOIR RELIES ON GRAVITY, RESERVOIR MUST ALWAYS BE BELOW DRAIN
WATER WILL BACK UP UNTIL IT OVERFLOWS DRAIN PAN. PAN AND IT IS POSSIBLE THAT A BLOCKAGE MAY CAUSE THE WATER LEVEL IN
THE CONDENSATE DRAIN INLET HOSE BETWEEN PAN AND RESERVOIR TO BACK UP AIR INTAKE
PREVENTS
UNTIL IT GETS HIGHER THAN THE TOP OF THE RESERVOIR. IF THIS HAPPENS, VACUUM
WIRE TO PUMP THE WATER WILL BLEED OUT OF THE AIR INTAKE OPENING AND TO PREVENT
THIS FROM OCCURRING, A 6î x1/4” BREATHER TUBE IS FITTED ONTO THE
FILTER AIR INTAKE OPENING TO EXTEND IT SO THE TOP IS A MINIMUM MIN 1î
DRAIN PAN OF 1” ABOVE THE TOP OF THE DRAIN PAN. BREATHER
TUBE
WIRE TO PUMP

DRAIN PAN FILTER


CONDENSATE INLET

CONDENSATE INLET
PUMP INTAKE TUBE

PUMP INTAKE TUBE

ASPEN PUMPS IMPORTED AND DISTRIBUTED BY EZ◆TRAP EDISON, NJ 08817 • PHONE 732-248-8066 • INFO@EZTRAP.COM • WWW.EZTRAP.COM
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Regardless of type or size, all ASPEN Minipumps (Mini & Maxi Lime, Mini & Maxi Orange,
and Mini Aqua) share an identical operating sequence:
1. Pump is in Standby Mode: 2. Pump enters Operation Mode: Pump continues operating until
Unit is not operating, float rests on bottom of The evaporator produces water water level recedes, float returns to
reservoir, overflow switch status is normal so which flows into the drain pan and the bottom of the reservoir, at
contacts across gray and purple wires are closed through the drain hose into the which point the pump automatically
and communication wire from condenser to reservoir lifting the float 3/4” which switches off.
evaporator remains energized. automatically activates the pump. Overflow switch status
is normal so contacts
1 OVERFLOW ALARM STATUS NORMAL 2 OVERFLOW ALARM STATUS NORMAL across gray and purple
TAPE UP & DO NOT USE TAPE UP & DO NOT USE wires are closed and
COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION
ORANGE WIRE FROM ORANGE WIRE FROM communication wire
N.O. N.O.
GREY CONDENSER GREY CONDENSER from condenser to
COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION evaporator remains
TERMINAL ON EVAPORATOR WIRE MAX TERMINAL ON EVAPORATOR WIRE MAX
N.C. NUT 5 AMPS N.C. NUT 5 AMPS energized.
PURPLE PURPLE
This cycle will repeat
STANDBY WIRE TO OPERATION WIRE TO
indefinitely as long as
MODE PUMP BREATHER MODE PUMP BREATHER water level in reservoir
TUBE TUBE stays within normal
FILTER FILTER
limits.

CONDENSATE CONDENSATE
INLET FROM INLET FROM WATER
DRAIN PAN DRAIN PAN LEVEL

3/4”

FLOAT MAGNET PUMP INTAKE TUBE FLOAT MAGNET PUMP INTAKE TUBE

3. Pump enters Alarm Mode: tech to investigate. 4. Pump reverts to Standby Mode:
The evaporator produces water Normally open contacts (gray and Once reason for high water level has been
which flows into the drain pan and orange) close, current flowing into diagnosed and corrected, pump reverts to standby
through the drain hose into the the evaporator from the condenser is mode, unit not operating, float rests on bottom of
reservoir lifting the float 3/4” which now diverted to energize the orange reservoir, overflow switch status is normal so
automatically activates the pump. wire which is normally taped off, but contacts across gray and purple wires are closed
Even though pump is operating, may also be wired into an external and communication wire from condenser to
water level continues to rise because alarm if desired (see diagram A). evaporator remains energized.
of pump failure,
blockage or insufficient 3 OVERFLOW ALARM STATUS ABNORMAL 4 OVERFLOW ALARM STATUS NORMAL
capacity of pump. TAPE UP & DO NOT USE TAPE UP & DO NOT USE
COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION
Water level reaches ORANGE WIRE FROM ORANGE WIRE FROM
N.O. N.O.
15/16”, overflow switch GREY CONDENSER GREY CONDENSER
operates changing COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION
TERMINAL ON EVAPORATOR WIRE MAX TERMINAL ON EVAPORATOR WIRE MAX
status to abnormal. N.C. NUT 5 AMPS N.C. NUT 5 AMPS
PURPLE PURPLE
Pump remains activated
but contacts across gray ALARM WIRE TO STANDBY WIRE TO
and purple wire open, MODE PUMP BREATHER MODE PUMP BREATHER
TUBE TUBE
de-energizing FILTER FILTER
communication wire to
evaporator so it can no
longer operate. CONDENSATE CONDENSATE
This prevents unit from INLET FROM WATER INLET FROM
DRAIN PAN LEVEL DRAIN PAN
creating any more 15/16”
water and raises an
alarm because occupant
will soon notice that
AC is not operating FLOAT MAGNET PUMP INTAKE TUBE FLOAT MAGNET PUMP INTAKE TUBE
and will contact service
Refer to following EZ◆TRAP publications: Pump Selection Specifications (on page 4)
and Pump Selection Guide for correct type & model number, and Installation Guidelines for optimum piping layout.
ASPEN PUMPS IMPORTED AND DISTRIBUTED BY EZ◆TRAP EDISON, NJ 08817 • PHONE 732-248-8066 • INFO@EZTRAP.COM • WWW.EZTRAP.COM
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Mini & Maxi Lime
Lefthand
Mini & Maxi Lime
OEM Kit – Pump Only
ASPEN PUMP
SELECTION
SPECIFICATIONS
Mini & Maxi Lime Mini & Maxi Lime
Kit Installed Righthand
ASPEN LIME SERIES EXTERNALLY MOUNTED MONOBLOC PUMPS FOR SIDE ENTRY EVAPORATOR INSTALLATIONS
COLUMN 1 COLUMN 2
UP TO 30,000 BTUs/HOUR 30,000 TO 60,000 BTUs/HOUR
LINE SET UP TO UP TO NO ELBOW AND UP TO UP TO NO ELBOW AND
SIZE 3/8” & 5/8” 1/2” & 3/4” LINESET COVER 3/8” & 5/8” 1/2” & 3/4” LINESET COVER
HEAD 0-26 feet 26-49 feet 0-26 feet 26-49 feet 0-26 feet 26-49 feet 0-49 feet 0-49 feet 0-49 feet
115 VOLT ASP-ML-115 ASP-MAXLS-115 ASP-MLS-115 ASP-MAXLS-115 ASP-MLOEM-115 ASP-MAXOEM-115 ASP-MAXLS-115 ASP-MAXLS-115 ASP-MAXOEM-115
230 VOLT ASP-ML-230 ASP-MAXLS-230 ASP-MLS-230 ASP-MAXLS-230 ASP-MLOEM-230 ASP-MAXOEM-230 ASP-MAXLS-230 ASP-MAXLS-230 ASP-MAXOEM-230
24 VOLT ASP-ML-LG24 N/A ASP-MLS-LG24 N/A ASP-MLOEM-LG24 N/A N/A N/A N/A
ASPEN ORANGE & AQUA SERIES SPLIT TYPE PUMPS NOTE: Pump capacity is calculated at full design voltage. Operation at
COLUMN 1 COLUMN 2
reduced voltage will affect pump performance. When selecting
UP TO 24,000 BTUs/HOUR 24,000 - 60,000 BTUs/HOUR pump capacity ascertain
actual input voltage
HEAD 0-26 feet 26-65 feet 0-26 feet 26-65 feet and ALWAYS DESIGN
ORANGE 115 VOLT ASP-MO-115 ASP-MAXO-115 ASP-MAXO-115 ASP-MAXO-115 FOR WORST CASE
SCENARIO! Mini Aqua
ORANGE 230 VOLT ASP-MO-230 ASP-MAXO-230 ASP-MAXO-230 ASP-MAXO-230
ORANGE 24 VOLT ASP-MO-LG24 N/A N/A N/A
AQUA 115 VOLT ASP-MA-115 N/A N/A N/A
AQUA 230 VOLT ASP-MA-230 N/A N/A N/A
AQUA 24 VOLT ASP-MA-LG24 N/A N/A N/A
MINI AQUA SYSTEM LOCATION
1 inside evaporator 2 inside lineset cover
MINI & MAXI ORANGE SYSTEM LOCATION FALSE CEILING
1 above ceiling 2 inside lineset cover
3 inside evaporator casing where access permits Mini & Maxi EVAPORATOR
COIL
FALSE CEILING Orange
EVAPORATOR

EZT-ASP-POO/SEL/9/07
COIL
VINYL
DISCHARGE
TUBE
CONDENSATE INLET BREATHER LINESET COVER
VINYL TUBE DRAIN TRAY TUBE RESERVOIR TUBE
LINESET COVER
CONDENSATE
BREATHER TUBE Imported and Distributed by 3 Kellogg Court, Unit 10, Edison, NJ 08817 • www.eztrap.com

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DRAIN TRAY INLINE RESERVOIR
phone 732-248-8066 • fax 732-248-8068 • email: info@eztrap.com