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Dr / Maysa saber

Identify the importance of nursery school


experience for children.
Mention the reasons for sending child to
nursery school.
Determine factors affecting the child's
learning experience.
List common social problems that facing the
child in nursery school.
• “The nursery school is a place where
young children learn as they play with
materials and share experiences with
other children and with teacher.”
• Nursery school as a lab for nurses is
considered as a place to study about
human behavior and relationships
with people and to apply this
knowledge in various relationships
with children and their families;
considering that the children’s
behaviors change rapidly.
• Gain knowledge and understanding of
normal growth and development of the
preschool age children (2-5 or 6 yrs) i.e. to
know what to expect of a child at this age.
• To develop skills in anticipating the
needs of the preschool age children
and how these needs are met in the
nursery school through different activities
and play materials.
• Help the student to recognize and accept
individual differences in children with
whom they work.
• To help nurses recognize the influence of
the family and its cultural pattern on
the behavior of the children.
• Opportunities for learning group
cooperation.
• Adjusting to various socio-cultural
differences.
• Promotes growth and development and
improves the general health of the child.
• Coping with frustration, dissatisfaction.
• If activities are tailored to provide
mastery and achievement, children
increasingly have feeling of success, self
confidence and personal competence.
• It also broadens his appreciation of the
avenues of self-expression through art,
music, and language.
• Experience learning
• Opportunities to experiment with materials
and tools
• Opportunities to communicate with others
(children’s and teachers).
• It broadens the child’s intellectual horizons.
• As the child learns more about the community
in which he lives, he is better able to
understand the world of which his daily
environment is a small part of it.
Self - expression through language:

o Through providing the children many


opportunities to hear and use language which
express thoughts and feelings e.g., story
telling.
o The children will have the opportunities to put
their experiences, which have an element of
fear or discomfort, into words.
oPlay, which is the heart of the
nursery school curriculum, is
considered as also the child’s life.
The child learns through play, by
imitating others and repetition. The
child makes his way of thinking
through the play.
oPlay is either forms (outdoor or
indoor) is the continuous evidence of
creativity.
oThe child makes friends and enemies
during play and does not do this
easily expect through play.
• He often expresses aggressive feeling
in play without doing harm to others or
himself. He plays to master anxiety .
• Children are delighted in large in free body
movements when there is plenty of space,
this will help in developing motor skills.
• Plays also help the children in
discovering his world and satisfying
his curiosity.
• Art materials should always be available
for use.
• Art helps in expression of feeling and
develop personality, art provides the
children the opportunity of self-expression
learning and creativity through finger
paint, crayons, clay, sand, and water to
make shapes.
• When the mother must work outside the home to
help and support the family.
• When the child needs socializing experience of
contact with other children under the direction of
well-qualified people.
• When the child needs educational experience to
supplement what he receives at home, also
through interacting with other children in
different socioeconomic and cultural back ground.
• Preparation starts with the mother’s
confidence on the school she selects.
• Parents should present the idea as exciting
and pleasurable.
• Take the child to the building when the
school is not in session to be familiar with the
physical surroundings before he is left with
strange adults and children.
• The child must meet the teacher and
learn to trust her.
• He could bring a toy, game, or
something else from home to make
concrete the continuity of school life
within that at home.
• Assure him that mother will return.
• Mother stays with her child on the first
day and continues to come until he
feels secure without her.
Factors related to the child
himself.
• His previous experience is being in-
group of children.
• The type of home that he comes
from and good environment.
The number of children in a group:
• The number should not be large usually less than 20
children in a group, for large groups create strains and
reduce the contribution which the school can make to
individuals.
The teacher –pupil ratio:
• These will be at least one teacher to every 8 -10
children. Every group, no matter how small, should
have 2 adults present all the time.
The age range within a group.
The reading and experience of the staff.
The length of the school day:
• It varies in different nursery school. The
day is never 8 hours unless meeting the
needs of working mothers. It must be 3-4
hours daily.
The physical set up:
• A well planned building should be
promoted by such things as low shelves,
low toilets, wash basins, small chairs and
tables, sound proofing to reduce noise
without the need of restricting children’s
activities.
Social
problems that
might occur
for the child:
 Regression in behaviors:
 Thumb sucking.
 Enuresis.
 Bad language.
 Destructiveness and aggressiveness.
 School phobia.
Techniques for observing and
studying children:
• Become child conscious (aware of one’s thoughts
and actions):
• Learn to be a good observer:
Observe and notice:
• What the child says and does.
• His ability in walking, running, or climbing.
• His response to other children and objects around
him.
• Compare child with others of his age e.g., in what
way he is like other children and in what way he is
different, what 5 years old children do that 3 or 4
years old child can’t do? What are their interests,
abilities? what about their speech, physical
appearance, their dress? What games do they play,
their ability to feed themselves?