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SECOND ANNUAL SOUTHERN AFRICA LOCAL

GOVERNMENT AND GENDER JUSTICE


PROJECTS: RESPONSE

SUMMIT AND AWARDS


28 – 30 MARCH 2011
KOPANONG HOTEL, JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH
AFRICA
“365 DAYS OF LOCAL ACTION TO END GENDER
VIOLENCE: HALVE GENDER VIOLENCE BY 2015”

WASTE MANAGEMENT
HOW DID YOU GO ABOUT IDENTIFYING THIS
PROBLEM?
PROJECTS: RESPONSE

• The Situational Study was carried out from April 2010 to June 2010
in Ward 24, Chitungwiza.
• The main objective being to ascertain whether the Cholera Outbreak
in Chitungwiza was perpetuating GBV and if so developing
sustainable intervention strategies
It was revealed that:
• Thriving Domestic violence cases in the aftermath of Cholera
• Women are forced to travel up-to 5km in search of water
• Increasing cases of women/girls being sexually abused in the
bushes surrounding wetlands.
• Cases of women being chased away from their matrimonial homes
being blamed for the death of their husbands

WASTE MANAGEMENT
IS THIS ISSUE IMPORTANT?
• Ward 24 has been affected by Cholera since 2008 and to-
PROJECTS: RESPONSE

date thousands of men, women and children have died.


• Ward 24 is the most affected Ward in the Country in
terms of both Cholera cases and the related death.
• 75% Cholera victims turned out to be women, a scenario
being perpetuated by women’s primary care giving
responsibility.
• Cholera in the Ward is being perpetrated by Lack of
Cholera education, awareness and the general illiteracy
amongst women.
• Cholera outbreak in Chitungwiza turned out to be a
gendered Epidemic requiring a gendered response at
most.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
HOW ARE YOU GOING ABOUT ADDRESSING THI S
PROBLEM?
Community Capacity Building : monthly Community Planning Meetings,
Cholera Gender Forums and Stakeholders Meetings.
PROJECTS: RESPOSE

• We have established 4 Women focused Health Care Promotion Libraries.


• Community Facilitation on DV, Gender, HIV/AIDS and Health campaigns.
B. Community Based Solid Waste Management : Initiating community
based Waste Recycling Project as a long term strategy of ensuring that
women generate income from the mounding garbage.
• Instilling Waste Management Skills to women and communities.
C. Drilling of Boreholes: Drilling boreholes for consistent safe water
supply
• Hold consultations with women, Local Authority and Community Leaders
• Women and Water Development Dialogues and Water Crisis Marches.
• Set up Grassroots Water Development Institutions.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
WHAT IS THE TIME-FRAME FOR THE
PROJECT?
PROJECTS: SUB CATEGORY

• The intervention is a 12months Project Life Cycle, expected


to end in October 2011. At the end of this Project Cycle a
Final Monitoring and Evaluation Report will be produced and
will determine the future strategic direction of the initiative .

WASTE MANAGEMENT
WHO IS THE KEY TARGET? WHO IS
INVOLVED? ARE WOMEN AND MEN EQUALLY
INVOLVED?
PROJECTS: SUB CATEGORY

• Primary Target Group – women particularly unemployed


women.

• Secondary target group; will include, men, communities,


local leadership and stakeholders.

• JESI Partners with various stakeholders including: Police,


Hospitals, Clinics, Red Cross, Schools, Social Welfare,
Business community, Churches, Community members,
Municipality and Local Leadership.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
PARTNERSHIPS FORMED THROUGH THE PROJECT

• Constituency Development Fund – Partnership with the


PROJECTS: RESPONSE

Government and Residents to raise Borehole Drilling Funds.

• Chitungwiza Municipality – Partnering Chitungwiza City


Council in Garbage removal and Clean Up.

• Action Aid – Jointly host Cholera, HIV/AIDS and GBV


Awareness Campaigns.

• Germany Agro Action - Distribution of Hygiene Kits to women


of Ward 24.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
RESOURCEFULNESS: WHAT FINANCIAL,
HUMAN AND OTHER RESOURCES WERE
MOBILISED?
PROJECTS: RESPONSE

• Volunteers

• Funds for Borehole Drilling

• Clean up Campaigns Working Tools

WASTE MANAGEMENT
MONITORING AND EVALUATION

• JESI Staff monitor its work using M and E tools such as


PROJECTS: RESPONSE

questionnaires, interview schedules and evaluation forms.


• Long term outcomes will happen within the next year. We will
continue to evaluate the project and gather information on:
• Number of people moving out of the Ward after the
implementation of the new water project.
• The number of women using the newly developed protected
water sources for their household use.
• The number of women succumbing to Cholera related
illnesses.
• Change in behaviour, policies, processes and practices.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
WHAT RESULTS HAVE BEEN ACHIEVED?
PROJECTS: RESPONSE

• Initiate community based and sustainable Solid Waste


Management Project.

• Set up 4 Women Friendly and community based Health


Care Promotion Libraries.

• Successfully harness resources for drilling and installation


of 2 Bush Pumps.

• One actively functional Women and Water Development


Committee was established.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
IMPACT (BASED ON THE SADC PROTOCOL
TARGETS)
PROJECTS:RESPONSE

• The successful implementation of this project has created


an increase in economic stability of women, increased
family and community stability; create employment for
women and the aged, decreased dependency on external
disaster management intervention and increased
community members’ self-esteem through a greater
ability of self-sufficiency.
• Empowered women assertive of their Rights through the
improved information accessibility on health, Gender,
HIV/AIDS and women’s rights.
• Safe and protected water sources for household uses .

WASTE MANAGEMENT
EFFECTIVENESS

• Women are now at the forefront mobilizing own resources


PROJECTS: RESPONSE

for waste management, economic empowerment, contribute


towards borehole drilling and invest their unpaid time.
• Managed to reduce cases of water induced domestic
violence.
• The project managed to bring women issues to the decision
makers, policy makers, community leaders and stakeholders.
• Community members are now well sensitized on cholera
mitigation, prevention, care and support, thus saving a lot of
lives.
• Peer to Peer hygiene promotional Activities are widely visible
in Ward 24, Chitungwiza.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
SUSTAINABILITY AND REPLICATION

• With the grassroots structure, the project is appealing more


PROJECTS: RESPONSE

to women and communities and they are now identifying


themselves with the project and this guarantee’ the future
continuity of the Project.

• Our Gendered Cholera Responsive Model is an empowerment


model easy to replicate as it places emphasis on locally
driven resources including competent volunteers .

WASTE MANAGEMENT
LESSONS LEARNED

• The major lesson learnt was that communities can become


PROJECTS:RESPONSE

partners in finding the lasting solutions to issues that


concerns them and their communities.

• In the respect of the above, Consultative Methodologies have


been now adopted as the fundamental strategies in all JESI
program planning, needs identification, decision making,
implementation, reporting and M & E process.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
Figure 1: The Well of Life; Residence of Ward 24 Chitungwiza fetches
water from 1 of the 2 Borehole drilled by resources mobilized by
women of the JESI Group.
PROJECTS: RESPONSE

ANY QUESTIONS?

WASTE MANAGEMENT
Figure 2: Calm after the Storm; protesting women gather at the Funeral
Service of fellow women who was raped before being killed on her way
back from Nyatsime River where she had gone to fetch water for
household shores
Figure 3: Garbage continue to mount in the face of suspended Domestic
Waste collection by the Municipality of Chitungwiza.
Figure 4: Cholera, a gendered disease requiring a Gendered Response at
most; Women of JESI Movement open up the Water Drainage System
before the onset of the Rain Season
Figure 5: Harvesting Time; A JESI volunteer collects his share of the
manure from the JESI managed Community Waste Management Site.
Figure 6: Let It Go; JESI Members opening up the surface to allow
stagnant sewage to flow smoothly in the background of poor service
delivery by Chitungwiza Municipality prompting Cholera Outbreak.
Figure 4: Cholera, a gendered disease requiring a Gendered Response at
most; Women of JESI Movement open up the Water Drainage System
before the onset of the Rain Season