You are on page 1of 12

Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN

Polytechics of Dubrovnik
damir.radan@vdu.hr
FORM GENERATION - Generation of preliminary body plan
Calculation of Sectional Area Curve
Input values: Buoyancy appendages to be added:
Cb => 0,4688 β = Cm => 0,7800 Item Disp (t) fwd AP, m above BL, m
Lpp => 50,00 m %LCBfwd -4,5000 Keel
AT = > 10,0000 m^2 LCB => 23,8750 nil
Amax = 29,9520 nil
nil
nil
nil
Use to correct LCB and Vol: Mom. long. => tm
a => 0,0428382 Mom. vert. => tm
b => 0,0152188 Compare SAC results:
Lmax => 29,64 m Vol. = 900,00 m3
Lpar => 0,01 m LCB = 23,88 m fwd AP

For bare hull: Sectional Area Curve results:


Vol. = 900,00 m3 Volume 900 m^3
LCB = 23,88 m fwd AP LCB 23,875 m
LCB%fwd -4,5000 % fwd
Precision: 1,547E-17
Calculation of design waterline:
Input values: Use to shape WL:
iEmax 26,397929
LWL => 50 m iE = > 25,0000 deg Lmax => 18,6436
Bmax => 12 m iR = > 21,9353
Tfwd => 3,1 m Lpar => 8,9415
Taft => 3,3 m Laft = 14,1728 m
Bs => 8 m LR=Laft = 14,1728 <<statistic.
Lfwd = 23,1143 m
Tmid => 3,2 m

Coefficients of the SAC - astern Coefficients of the SAC - forward


Laft = 29,630776 m E = -343,0588
Lfwd = 29,641614 m F = 31,358355
AS = 0,0288453 G = -0,842216
FS = 0,0223905 0,0224 H = 0,0070454
Ys = 10 m2 Additional calculated coeffs.: Design WL results:
Ymax = 29,952 m2 Tmax= 3,2 AwL => 480,00 m^2
A = 10 Cp = 0,6009615 CWP => 0,8000
B = 0,0288453 ie = 21,722331 deg <<statistic. CWP= > 0,8000
C = 0,0662275 Ta = 9,5000 m for Series 60 0,6968
D = -0,001501 Tf = 9,5000 m Precision: 2,150E-13

Coeff. of the design waterline - astern Coeff. of the design waterline -forward
AS = 0,4027129 E = 2,3033588
FS = 0,4663077 F = 0,3050943
Ymax = 6 G = -0,005642
A= 4 H = -2,76E-05
B= 0,4027129
C= -0,0269587
D= 0,0005998

Guidance table - Particulars of Series 60 Models Generated form


CB = 0,6 0,65 0.7 0,75 0,8 0,4688
Cm = 0,978 0,982 0,986 0,99 0,994 0,7800
Cp = 0,614 0,611 0.710 0,758 0,805 0,6010
Lpp/B = 6.5 - 8.5 6.25 - 8.25 6.0 -8.0 5.75 - 7.75 5.5 - 7.5 4,1667
B/T = 2.5 - 3.5 2.5 - 3.5 2.5 - 3.5 2.5 - 3.5 2.5 - 3.5 3,7500
L/Vol.^(1/3) = 5.6 - 7.5 5.32 - 7.16 5.05 - 6.84 4.79 - 6.55 4.55 - 6.27 5,1787
s = S/Vol.^(2/3) = 6.2 - 7.2 6.03 - 7.04 5.90 - 6.98 5.78 - 6.88 5.71 - 6.84
Lpar, % Lpp = 0 3.5 11.9 21 30 0,0217
LCB, %Lpp from mid-ship = 2.48A - 0.52F 2.46A - 1.37F 2.05A - 2.55F 0.48F - 3.46F 0.76F - 3.51F -4,5000 %LCB fwd
For minimum resistance = 1.69 A 1.01 A 0.25 A 2.6 F 2.7 F
iE, deg = 6.2 - 8.7 7.3 - 9.6 9.7 - 12.9 19.8 - 25.9 38.9 - 47.8
iEmin, deg = 6.2 7.3 9.7 19.8 38.9 0,0000
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
Polytechics of Dubrovnik
damir.radan@vdu.hr
FORM GENERATION - Generation of preliminary body plan
Calculation results of SAC and design waterline
xa step = 2,5000

From AftWL From AP Stations As, m^2 Bs/2, m Ds, m As/Amax


0,000 0,000 a1 4,0000 a1
0,000 0 a2 4,0000 a2
0,000 0,000 0 10,0000 4,0000 0,2000 0,3339
1,250 1,250 0,5 10,1366 4,4624 0,6300 0,3384
2,500 2,500 1 10,4626 4,8477 3,2000 0,3493
5,000 5,000 2 11,6123 5,4146 3,2000 0,3877
7,500 7,500 3 13,3084 5,7570 3,2000 0,4443
10,000 10,000 4 15,4102 5,9311 3,2000 0,5145
12,500 12,500 5 17,7769 5,9931 3,2000 0,5935
15,000 15,000 6 20,2679 6,0000 3,2000 0,6767
17,500 17,500 7 22,7425 6,0000 3,2000 0,7593
20,000 20,000 8 25,0598 6,0000 3,2000 0,8367
22,500 22,500 9 27,0792 6,0000 3,2000 0,9041
25,000 25,000 10 28,6600 5,9729 3,2000 0,9569
27,500 27,500 11 29,6614 5,8523 3,2000 0,9903
30,000 30,000 12 29,9246 5,6326 3,2000 0,9991
32,500 32,500 13 28,3542 5,3114 3,2000 0,9467
35,000 35,000 14 24,8427 4,8859 3,2000 0,8294
37,500 37,500 15 20,0506 4,3537 3,2000 0,6694
40,000 40,000 16 14,6386 3,7121 3,2000 0,4887
42,500 42,500 17 9,2669 2,9585 3,2000 0,3094
45,000 45,000 18 4,5963 2,0903 3,2000 0,1535
47,500 47,500 19 1,2871 1,1050 3,2000 0,0430
48,750 48,750 19,5 0,3495 0,5676 3,2000 0,0117
50,000 50,000 20 0,0000 0,0000 3,2000 0,0000

SECTIONAL AREA CURVE As, m2


35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Lpp, m

HALF-WIDTH CURVE Bs / 2, m
7

6
5

2
1

0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Lwl, m
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
Polytechics of Dubrovnik
damir.radan@vdu.hr
FORM GENERATION - Generation of preliminary body plan

DATA FOR CALCULATION OF SHIP HYDROSTATICS


Simp. I coeffs. Vol XB1 My Iy Ix AwL

0,25 2,50 -24,5000 -49,00 1200,50 128,00 1,00


1 10,14 -23,2500 -207,50 4824,46 710,90 4,46
0,75 7,85 -22,0000 -159,97 3519,40 683,52 3,64
2 23,22 -19,5000 -422,34 8235,57 2539,88 10,83
1 13,31 -17,0000 -195,74 3327,53 1526,41 5,76
2 30,82 -14,5000 -344,00 4988,03 3338,25 11,86
1 17,78 -12,0000 -143,83 1726,02 1722,06 5,99
2 40,54 -9,5000 -228,00 2166,00 3456,00 12,00
1 22,74 -7,0000 -84,00 588,00 1728,00 6,00
2 50,12 -4,5000 -108,00 486,00 3456,00 12,00
1 27,08 -2,0000 -24,00 48,00 1728,00 6,00
2 57,32 0,5000 11,95 5,97 3409,45 11,95
1 29,66 3,0000 35,11 105,34 1603,51 5,85
2 59,85 5,5000 123,92 681,55 2859,29 11,27
1 28,35 8,0000 84,98 679,86 1198,71 5,31
2 49,69 10,5000 205,21 2154,70 1866,22 9,77
1 20,05 13,0000 113,20 1471,55 660,18 4,35
2 29,28 15,5000 230,15 3567,30 818,40 7,42
1 9,27 18,0000 106,51 1917,10 207,16 2,96
2 9,19 20,5000 171,41 3513,85 146,14 4,18
0,75 0,97 23,0000 38,12 876,85 8,10 0,83
1 0,35 24,2500 27,53 667,62 1,46 0,57
0,25 0,00 25,5000 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
900,10562 -1363,843 77918,631 4693,8378 479,998999

HYDROSTATIC CALCULATION
Longit. center of gravity: Aprox: for Barge:
LCG= 24,5 m

Vol.= 900,10562 m^3


Mass. = 922,6083 tons
AwL = 479,999 m^2 600
My = ML= -1,364E+03 m^3
Iy = IL= 7,792E+04 m^4 7,143E+04 1,250E+05
GML= 86,5661 m 79,36 138,87259
KML = 90,0661 m
Ix = IT= 4,694E+03 m^4 4,507E+03 7,200E+03
BMT= 5,2148 m 5,007 7,999E+00
KMT = 7,2148 m
GMT = 3,7148 m
BG =>> 1,5000 m
OG =>> 0,3000 m
OB =>> -1,2000 m

INPUT: Proposed:
KG =>> 3,5000 m
KB =>> 2,0000 m 2,0177

Aproximate solutions to radius of


mass moments of inertia: gyration: Proposed: For Barge:
I 44=Ixx= 1,952E+04 tm^2 4,6000 m 4,6481 3,4644
I 55=Iyy= 1,559E+05 tm^2 13,0000 m 13,3500 14,4350
I 66=Izz= 1,116E+05 tm^2 11,0000 m 11,2500 14,4350
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
MAR-PROP Polytechics of Dubrovnik
Holtrop, J.: A statistical re-analysis
of resistance and propulsion data damir.radan@vdu.hr
CALCULATION OF RESISTANCE DATA - Holtrop
Length between perpend.: Lpp = 50,00 m Midship section coeff. => CM = 0,78
Length on the water line: LWL = 50 m Block coeff. on the basis of LWL => CB (WL) = 0,46875
Breadth: B= 12 m Waterplane area coeff. => CWP = 0,8
Amidships draft: Tmld = 3,2 m Prismatic coeff. based on LWL => CP = 0,6009615
Draft on forward perpend.: Tfwd = 3,1 m
Draft on aft perpendicular: Taft = 3,3 m

3
Moulded vol. of displac.: Vol. = 900,00 m Half angle of entrance: iE = 25 deg
Longit. poss. of C.O.B.: Half angle of run: iR = 21,9352806 deg
LCB-0,5Lpp / 0,5Lpp = -4,5 % Length of the run: LR = 14,1728135 m

Phisical properties of water:


kinematic viscosity => ν= 2
1,1883 mm /s=cSt Wetted area of the hull: S = 584,905845 m
2

Water density => ρ= 1,025 t/m


3

FORM FACTOR
Form factor of the hull: 1+k1 = 1,2969921 Aftterbody form:
Cstern = 0
2
Wetted area of append: SAPP = 49 m Pram with gondola = -25
Appendage resist factor: (1+k2)eq = 3,0469388 V - shaped sections -10
Normal section shape = 0
Effective hull form factor: 1+k = 1,4435924 U - shaped sections with
including the effect of appendages with Hogner stern = 10

RESISTANCE FACTOR FOR RUDDER APROXIMATE APPENDAGES RESISTANCE FACTOR


1+k2 SAPP 1+k2 SAPP
rudder behind skeg = 1.5 to 2.0 shaft brackets = 3 3 2
rudder behind stern = 1.3 to 1.5 1,5 1 skeg = 1.5 to 2
twin-screw balance strut bossings = 3
rudders = 2,8 hull bossings = 2 2 2
shafts = 2.0 to 4.0 4 16
stabilizer fins = 2,8 2,8 22
dome = 2,7 2,7 3
bilge keels = 1,4 1,4 4

BULBOUS BOW additional coefficients


Transverse sectional area of the bulb hB - OK c1 = 7,7036228
2
at the interstion of WL and stem => ABT = 0m c7 = 0,24
Centroid of bulbous bow to keel => hB = 0m c4 = 0,04
Measure of the bow emergence => PB = 0 c3 = 0
Reduction coeff. of Rw due to bulb action => c2 = 1 m3 = -2,029783
c12 = 0,5419555
c13 = 1
BOW THRUSTER c14 = 1
Bow thruster tunnel diameter => d= 0m
Bow thruster resistance coeff. => CBT0 = 0
(ranges from 0.003 to 0.012)
for openings in cilindrical part of the bulbous bow lower values should be used λ= 0,7439904
m1 = -2,632707
TRANSOM STERN c15 = -1,69385
2
Immersed transom wetted area: AT = 10 m c16 = 1,363306
Coeff. of influence of transom stern => c5 = 0,732906 c17 = 1,4133068

LIMITS OF HOLTROP METHOD


For displacement hulls
Can not be used for semi-displacement hull of planning craft

Value Check
Max Fn = 0,65 OK Fn < 1.0
Cp = 0,6009615 OK From 0.55 to 0.85
B/T= 3,75 OK From 2.1 to 4
L/B= 4,1666667 OK From 3.9 to 14.9
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
MAR-PROP Polytechics of Dubrovnik

damir.radan@vdu.hr
CALCULATION OF RESISTANCE DATA

Max speed => 28 knots


step => 1

Froude total frictional viscous wave bow transom append. correlation bow thruster
VS Fn RTOTAL RF RF(1+k1) RW RB RTR RAPP RA RBTAPP
knots kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN
4,00 0,09 8,75 2,70 3,50 0,00 0,00 3,75 0,69 0,81 0,00
5,00 0,12 13,24 4,08 5,30 0,00 0,00 5,62 1,04 1,27 0,00
6,00 0,14 18,50 5,73 7,43 0,01 0,00 7,76 1,46 1,83 0,00
7,00 0,16 24,52 7,63 9,90 0,07 0,00 10,11 1,95 2,49 0,00
8,00 0,19 31,38 9,78 12,69 0,32 0,00 12,62 2,50 3,26 0,00
9,00 0,21 39,32 12,18 15,80 1,07 0,00 15,22 3,11 4,12 0,00
10,00 0,23 48,79 14,82 19,22 2,84 0,00 17,86 3,78 5,09 0,00
11,00 0,26 60,42 17,70 22,96 6,29 0,00 20,50 4,52 6,16 0,00
12,00 0,28 76,13 20,82 27,00 13,43 0,00 23,06 5,31 7,33 0,00
13,00 0,30 94,76 24,17 31,35 23,15 0,00 25,50 6,17 8,60 0,00
14,00 0,33 113,26 27,76 36,00 32,45 0,00 27,75 7,08 9,97 0,00
15,00 0,35 135,66 31,57 40,95 45,43 0,00 29,78 8,06 11,45 0,00
16,00 0,37 169,89 35,61 46,19 70,08 0,00 31,51 9,09 13,02 0,00
17,00 0,39 224,61 39,88 51,73 115,11 0,00 32,90 10,18 14,70 0,00
18,00 0,42 264,95 44,37 57,55 145,71 0,00 33,88 11,33 16,48 0,00
19,00 0,44 300,06 49,09 63,67 171,08 0,00 34,41 12,53 18,37 0,00
20,00 0,46 335,10 54,03 70,08 196,46 0,00 34,42 13,79 20,35 0,00
21,00 0,49 370,02 59,19 76,77 221,83 0,00 33,87 15,11 22,44 0,00
22,00 0,51 404,75 64,57 83,75 247,21 0,00 32,69 16,48 24,62 0,00
23,00 0,53 439,25 70,17 91,01 272,59 0,00 30,83 17,91 26,91 0,00
24,00 0,56 623,56 75,98 98,55 448,08 0,00 28,24 19,39 29,30 0,00
25,00 0,58 658,94 82,01 106,37 474,99 0,00 24,85 20,93 31,80 0,00
26,00 0,60 687,77 88,26 114,47 495,76 0,00 20,62 22,53 34,39 0,00
27,00 0,63 711,99 94,71 122,84 512,40 0,00 15,49 24,18 37,09 0,00
28,00 0,65 733,17 101,39 131,50 526,50 0,00 9,40 25,88 39,89 0,00

Still water resistance total RTOTAL still water Longitud. total


800 kN
resistance wind force resistance
700 RTOTAL FX RTOTAL + Fx
viscous
600 RF(1+k1) kN kN kN kN
8,75 1,90 10,65
500 wave RW kN
13,24 2,56 15,79
R, kN

400 18,50 3,19 21,69


24,52 3,79 28,31
300
31,38 4,37 35,75
200 39,32 4,94 44,26
48,79 5,51 54,30
100
60,42 6,10 66,52
0 76,13 6,73 82,86
0 0,1 0,2 0,3
Fn
0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 94,76 7,42 102,18
113,26 8,18 121,44
135,66 9,03 144,69
Total resistance including effect of wind resistance 169,89 9,98 179,88
900 RTOTAL + Fx 224,61 11,05 235,66
kN 264,95 12,23 277,18
800
Longitud. wind 300,06 13,53 313,59
700 force FX
335,10 14,95 350,05
600 still water 370,02 16,47 386,49
500 resistance 404,75 18,11 422,86
R, kN

RTOTAL 439,25 19,83 459,07


400
623,56 21,64 645,20
300 658,94 23,50 682,44
200 687,77 25,43 713,21
100
711,99 27,41 739,40
733,17 29,41 762,57
0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
Fn
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
MAR-PROP Polytechics of Dubrovnik
Holtrop, J.: A statistical re-analysis
of resistance and propulsion data damir.radan@vdu.hr
CALCULATION OF RESISTANCE DATA - Holtrop

wake thrust
Raynolds Froude fraction deduction
VS Rn const. CV = CF (1+k) + CA w t
knots c CF CA CV
4,00 8,66E+07 323,64 2,13E-03 0,0006414 0,0037126 0,044 0,056
5,00 1,08E+08 307,18 0,0020597 0,0006414 0,0036148 0,044 0,056
6,00 1,30E+08 292,92 0,0020067 0,0006414 0,0035382 0,044 0,056
7,00 1,52E+08 280,97 0,0019635 0,0006414 0,0034758 0,043 0,056
8,00 1,73E+08 271,63 0,0019271 0,0006414 0,0034234 0,043 0,056
9,00 1,95E+08 265,70 0,0018959 0,0006414 0,0033783 0,043 0,056
10,00 2,16E+08 264,04 0,0018686 0,0006414 0,0033389 0,043 0,056
11,00 2,38E+08 267,30 0,0018444 0,0006414 0,003304 0,043 0,056
12,00 2,60E+08 279,79 0,0018228 0,0006414 0,0032727 0,042 0,056
13,00 2,81E+08 293,99 0,0018032 0,0006414 0,0032444 0,042 0,056
14,00 3,03E+08 301,26 0,0017853 0,0006414 0,0032187 0,042 0,056
15,00 3,25E+08 312,68 0,0017689 0,0006414 0,003195 0,042 0,056
16,00 3,46E+08 341,65 0,0017538 0,0006414 0,0031731 0,042 0,056
17,00 3,68E+08 396,49 0,0017397 0,0006414 0,0031529 0,042 0,056
18,00 3,90E+08 415,96 0,0017267 0,0006414 0,003134 0,042 0,056
19,00 4,11E+08 422,37 0,0017144 0,0006414 0,0031163 0,042 0,056
20,00 4,33E+08 425,51 0,0017029 0,0006414 0,0030997 0,042 0,056
21,00 4,55E+08 426,12 0,0016921 0,0006414 0,0030841 0,041 0,056
22,00 4,76E+08 424,80 0,0016819 0,0006414 0,0030694 0,041 0,056
23,00 4,98E+08 421,95 0,0016722 0,0006414 0,0030554 0,041 0,056
24,00 5,19E+08 544,64 0,001663 0,0006414 0,0030421 0,041 0,056
25,00 5,41E+08 530,91 0,0016543 0,0006414 0,0030295 0,041 0,056
26,00 5,63E+08 512,98 0,0016459 0,0006414 0,0030174 0,041 0,056
27,00 5,84E+08 493,16 0,001638 0,0006414 0,003006 0,041 0,056
28,00 6,06E+08 472,94 0,0016304 0,0006414 0,002995 0,041 0,056

Still water resistance


600 Froude
const. c
500

400

300
c

200

100

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
V, knots

Still water resistance CF


0,004
0,0035 CV

0,003
0,0025
0,002
c

0,0015

0,001
0,0005
0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
V, knots
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
MAR-PROP Polytechics of Dubrovnik
Holtrop, J.: A statistical re-analysis
of resistance and propulsion data damir.radan@vdu.hr
CALCULATION OF PROPULSION DATA - Holtrop

Number of propellers: Prop. No = 2


For single screw ship Prop. No = 1
For double screw ship Prop. No = 2 OPTMIZE
FIXED DATA PROPELLER
Pitch: P= 3,1588606 m P= 4,00
Propeller speed: RPM = 300 rev/min RPM = 300,00
Expanded area ratio: A E / A0 = 0,801967 A E / A0 =
Propeller diameter: D= 3,1807353 m D= 3,300

Number of blades: Z= 4 from 3 to 7

LOADING CRITERIA - CAVITATION PROPELLER GEOMETRY


Projected area ratio: AP / A0 = 0,8395749 Chord length at 0.75 R Cr = C0.75R = 1,32197523 m
Distance from WL Thickness - chordlength ratio:
to propeller center: h= 3,2 m (t / c)0.75 = 0,03248164
K=0 to 0.1 K= 0,1 δ CD = -0,0001558
(Keller eq.) A E / A0 = 0,7946499 Thickness at 0.75 R t 0.75 = 42,939927 mm

2
Area of the disk: A0 = 7,9459339 m Max propeller diameter: Dmax = 3,3 m
2
Propeller expanded area: AE = 6,3723764 m Max P / D: P/D max = 1,4
Max J : Jmax = 1,6

PROPELLER WORKING POINT


Ship's service speed: VS = 25 knots
Froude number: Fn = 0,5806594

Total thrust: T= 722,61128 kN


Shaft power: PS = 13735,638 kW

service factor = SF = 1,25

PROPELLER DATA - WAGENINGEN B-SERIES PROPELLER WORKING POINT EFFICINECY


J= 0,7753 Va = 12,32988 open water eff.: η0 = 0,6694
P/D= 0,9931 D= 3,1807353 relative rotative eff.: ηR = 0,9888
A E / A0 = 0,8020 P= 3,1588606 hull efficiency: ηH = 0,9850
Z= 4 A0 = 7,9459339 total efficiency: η= 0,6389
AE = 6,3723764 Shaft efficiency: ηS = 0,98

CV = 0,0030 KT = 0,1348 c8 = 13,3738279


w= 0,0412 KQ = 0,0248 c9 = 13,3738279
t= 0,0556 KT-ship = 0,1347 c11 = 1,03749594
KQ-ship = 0,0248 c19 = -0,0466884
c20 = 1
CP1 = 0,65764423
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
MAR-PROP Polytechics of Dubrovnik
Holtrop, J.: A statistical re-analysis
of resistance and propulsion data damir.radan@vdu.hr
RESULTS PERFORMANCE CALCULATION

Shaft efficiency:
ηS = 0,98

ship speed engine/prop. relative hull total total total effective delivered shaft pwr. service
rev per min rotat. effic. efficiency efficiency resistance thrust power PS=PE / η D PS = PE / η power
VS n Froude ηR ηH η RTOTAL T PE PD PS SF*PS
knots RPM Fn - - - kN kN kW kW kW kW
4,00 40,65 0,09 0,989 0,988 0,641 10,65 11,28 21,91 33,498374 34,18 42,73
5,00 49,95 0,12 0,989 0,988 0,641 15,79 16,72 40,62 62,1294125 63,40 79,25
6,00 59,00 0,14 0,989 0,987 0,641 21,69 22,96 66,94 102,413122 104,50 130,63
7,00 67,90 0,16 0,989 0,987 0,640 28,31 29,98 101,96 156,039224 159,22 199,03
8,00 76,73 0,19 0,989 0,987 0,640 35,75 37,86 147,14 225,242548 229,84 287,30
9,00 85,70 0,21 0,989 0,987 0,640 44,26 46,87 204,92 313,773694 320,18 400,22
10,00 95,03 0,23 0,989 0,987 0,640 54,30 57,50 279,34 427,805597 436,54 545,67
11,00 104,96 0,26 0,989 0,986 0,640 66,52 70,43 376,39 576,532429 588,30 735,37
12,00 116,27 0,28 0,989 0,986 0,640 82,86 87,74 511,49 783,596369 799,59 999,49
13,00 128,06 0,30 0,989 0,986 0,640 102,18 108,20 683,32 1046,96658 1068,33 1335,42
14,00 139,04 0,33 0,989 0,986 0,640 121,44 128,59 874,55 1340,14058 1367,49 1709,36
15,00 150,84 0,35 0,989 0,986 0,639 144,69 153,21 1116,44 1711,01107 1745,93 2182,41
16,00 165,72 0,37 0,989 0,986 0,639 179,88 190,47 1480,48 2269,15651 2315,47 2894,33
17,00 185,05 0,39 0,989 0,986 0,639 235,66 249,54 2060,84 3158,99768 3223,47 4029,33
18,00 199,09 0,42 0,989 0,986 0,639 277,18 293,49 2566,44 3934,39373 4014,69 5018,36
19,00 211,23 0,44 0,989 0,985 0,639 313,59 332,05 3064,89 4698,92704 4794,82 5993,53
20,00 222,91 0,46 0,989 0,985 0,639 350,05 370,66 3601,32 5521,8049 5634,49 7043,12
21,00 234,17 0,49 0,989 0,985 0,639 386,49 409,24 4175,00 6401,89483 6532,55 8165,68
22,00 245,07 0,51 0,989 0,985 0,639 422,86 447,75 4785,42 7338,4354 7488,20 9360,25
23,00 255,64 0,53 0,989 0,985 0,639 459,07 486,09 5431,36 8329,55595 8499,55 10624,43
24,00 290,45 0,56 0,989 0,985 0,639 645,20 683,17 7965,33 12216,4578 12465,77 15582,22
25,00 300,00 0,58 0,989 0,985 0,639 682,44 722,61 8776,21 13460,9255 13735,64 17169,55
26,00 308,45 0,60 0,989 0,985 0,639 713,21 755,19 9538,69 14631,2846 14929,88 18662,35
27,00 316,14 0,63 0,989 0,985 0,639 739,40 782,92 10269,39 15752,984 16074,47 20093,09
28,00 323,31 0,65 0,989 0,985 0,639 762,57 807,46 10983,49 16849,3005 17193,16 21491,45

SHAFT POWER - PS , kW SHAFT POWER - PS , kW


25000 25000

20000 20000

15000 15000
PS kW PS kW
10000 SF*PS 10000 SF*PS

5000 5000

0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 100 200 300 400
V, knots n, RPM

n - RPM OPEN WATER EFFICIENCY - ETA0 for D=const.


350 0,68
300 0,67

250
0,66
0,65
200
0,64
150 n
0,63
100
0,62
50 0,61
0 0,6
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 100 200 300 400
V, knots RPM
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
MAR-PROP Polytechics of Dubrovnik
Holtrop, J.: A statistical re-analysis
of resistance and propulsion data damir.radan@vdu.hr
CALCULATION OF WAGENINGEN B - SERIES PROPELLERS

From n = 270 rev / min Ship's service speed:


To n = 360 rev / min VS = 25 knots
P/D= 0,9931
A E / A0 = 0,8020
Z= 4

n J KT-B-series KQ -B-series KT-ship KQ-ship η0 ηD PD


rev / min D = const. kW
270,0000 0,8586 0,0924 0,0188 0,0923 0,0189 0,66714941 0,6498127 13505,7482
273,7500 0,8472 0,0982 0,0197 0,0981 0,0197 0,67086385 0,6534306 13430,9695
277,5000 0,8361 0,1039 0,0204 0,1038 0,0205 0,67323994 0,655745 13383,5669
281,2500 0,8252 0,1094 0,0212 0,1093 0,0213 0,67448616 0,6569588 13358,8388
285,0000 0,8145 0,1148 0,0220 0,1147 0,0220 0,67478177 0,6572467 13352,9865
288,7500 0,8041 0,1201 0,0227 0,1200 0,0228 0,67427798 0,656756 13362,9633
292,5000 0,7940 0,1253 0,0234 0,1252 0,0235 0,67310154 0,6556102 13386,319
296,2500 0,7840 0,1303 0,0241 0,1302 0,0242 0,67135868 0,6539126 13421,0701
300,0000 0,7744 0,1352 0,0248 0,1351 0,0249 0,66913861 0,6517502 13465,5985
303,7500 0,7649 0,1400 0,0255 0,1399 0,0256 0,66651646 0,6491962 13518,5737
307,5000 0,7557 0,1447 0,0261 0,1446 0,0262 0,66355573 0,6463124 13578,8925
311,2500 0,7467 0,1492 0,0268 0,1492 0,0268 0,66031025 0,6431513 13645,6338
315,0000 0,7378 0,1537 0,0274 0,1536 0,0275 0,65682584 0,6397574 13718,0228
318,7500 0,7292 0,1580 0,0280 0,1580 0,0281 0,65314161 0,6361689 13795,4033
322,5000 0,7208 0,1623 0,0286 0,1622 0,0287 0,64929101 0,6324184 13877,2163
326,2500 0,7126 0,1664 0,0292 0,1663 0,0292 0,64530281 0,6285338 13962,9826
330,0000 0,7046 0,1704 0,0297 0,1704 0,0298 0,64120172 0,6245393 14052,2891
333,7500 0,6967 0,1744 0,0303 0,1743 0,0303 0,63700907 0,6204556 14144,7779
337,5000 0,6890 0,1782 0,0308 0,1782 0,0309 0,63274331 0,6163007 14240,1377
341,2500 0,6815 0,1820 0,0313 0,1819 0,0314 0,62842039 0,6120901 14338,096
345,0000 0,6741 0,1857 0,0318 0,1856 0,0319 0,62405414 0,6078373 14438,4137
348,7500 0,6669 0,1893 0,0323 0,1892 0,0324 0,61965658 0,603554 14540,88
352,5000 0,6599 0,1928 0,0328 0,1927 0,0329 0,61523813 0,5992504 14645,3081
356,2500 0,6529 0,1962 0,0333 0,1961 0,0334 0,61080786 0,5949353 14751,5323
360,0000 0,6462 0,1996 0,0338 0,1995 0,0338 0,60637367 0,5906163 14859,405

step = 0,1
J KT-B-series KQ -B-series η0
KT-B-series
KQ -B-series Open water diagram
0,1 0,4369771 0,0658644 0,1055912 1 h0
h0 =
0,2 0,400283 0,0610633 0,208659 0,9
0,3 0,3599272 0,0556866 0,3086065 0,8
0,4 0,316452 0,0498156 0,4044108 0,7
0,5 0,2704 0,0435313 0,494305 0,6
0,6 0,2223134 0,036915 0,5750885 0,5
0,7 0,1727348 0,0300477 0,6404529 0,4
0,8 0,1222065 0,0230106 0,6762021 0,3
0,9 0,0712709 0,0158849 0,6426741 0,2
1 0,0204706 0,0087517 0,3722691 0,1
1,1 -0,029652 0,0016922 -3,067764
0
1,2 -0,078555 -0,005213 2,8782475
1,3 -0,125695 -0,011881 2,1888742 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3
1,4 -0,170531 -0,018233 2,0839937 V, knots
1,5 -0,212519 -0,024186 2,0976917
1,6 -0,251118 -0,02966 2,1559779
1,7 -0,285785 -0,034574 2,2364743
1,8 -0,315977 -0,038845 2,3302912
1,9 -0,341152 -0,042394 2,4334197
2 -0,360768 -0,045139 2,5440631
2,1 -0,374283 -0,046999 2,6616749
2,2 -0,381153 -0,047892 2,7866369
2,3 -0,380836 -0,047738 2,9202821
2,4 -0,372791 -0,046455 3,0652408
2,5 -0,356474 -0,043962 3,2263108
2,6 -0,331344 -0,040179 3,4124978
2,7 -0,296857 -0,035024 3,6422548
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
MAR-PROP Polytechics of Dubrovnik
R.M. Isherwood, Wind resistance
of merchant ships damir.radan@vdu.hr
CALCULATION OF WIND RESISTANCE - Isherwood

Length over all: Loa = 50 m


Breadth: B= 12 m
2
Lateral projected wind area: AL = 300 m
2
Lateral proj. area of the superstructure: AS = 0m **
2
Transverse projected wind area: AT = 150 m ***

Length of parameter: S= 90 m
Distance from bow to centroid: C= 30 m
Number of grups of masts, etc. M= 0

VALUES OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLES


2 AL / Loa2 2 AT / B2 Loa / B S / Loa C / Loa A S / AL M
max => 0,25 2,32 9,75 1,97 0,62 0,60 7
min => 0,07 0,88 4,00 1,23 0,40 0,14 1
mean => 0,14 1,78 7,39 1,51 0,51 0,25 4

actual => 0,24 2,08 4,17 1,80 0,60 0,00 0


check => OK OK OK OK OK FALSE FALSE

Ship type
Passanger and ferries => 0,192 1,95 7,66 1,44 0,492 0,398 2
Cargo ships-load => 0,122 1,75 7,80 1,51 0,550 0,253 5
Cargo ships-ballast => 0,151 2,06 7,80 1,58 0,526 0,175 5
Tankers and bulkers-load => 0,100 1,59 7,46 1,33 0,568 0,211
Tankers and bulkers-ballast => 0,121 1,68 7,46 1,40 0,537 0,139
Stern trawlers => 0,166 1,80 6,47 1,45 0,476 0,229
Tugs => 0,236 1,43 4,05 1,86 0,405 0,396 1

Wind speed: VT (10) = 40 knots << meteorological


Hight z above water level: z= 20 m

Wind speed at hight z : VT = 43,17 knots


Wind direction-to the bow: αT = 30 deg
Ship's service speed: VS = 25 knots
Relative wind speed: VR = 53,11797039 knots
Angle of relative wind of bow: γR = 53,42 deg

*** **
angle of relative Longitudinal Lateral Yaw moment
wind of bow force force
γR, deg CX CY CN CX = 0,3714
0 0,7749 0,0000 0,0000 CY = 0,7365
10 0,7127 0,1488 0,0298 CN = 0,0673
20 0,7090 0,3464 0,0576
30 0,6752 0,4780 0,0566 FX = 23,50 kN
40 0,6183 0,5910 0,0561 FY = 93,20 kN
50 0,4557 0,7129 0,0780 N= 425,71 kN
60 0,2241 0,7572 0,0280
70 0,1053 0,7970 0,0070
80 -0,0066 0,8228 -0,0001
90 -0,0896 0,7805 -0,0421
100 -0,0686 0,7919 -0,0653
110 -0,0870 0,7816 -0,0818
120 -0,1728 0,6017 -0,0891
130 -0,3470 0,4939 -0,1274
140 -0,4681 0,4356 -0,1384
150 -0,5577 0,4884 -0,1403
160 -0,4341 0,3802 -0,1209
170 -0,5078 0,1708 -0,0619
180 -0,5258 0,0000 0,0000
Ship Resistance and Proplusion DAMIR RADAN
MAR-PROP Polytechics of Dubrovnik
R.M. Isherwood, Wind resistance
of merchant ships damir.radan@vdu.hr
CALCULATION OF WIND RESISTANCE - Isherwood

*** **
Ship Relative angle of relat Longitudinal Lateral Yaw moment Longitudinal Lateral Yaw moment
speed wind speed wind of bow force force force force
VS VR γR CX CY CN FX FY N
knots knots deg - - - kN kN kNm
4,00 43,96 75,97 0,0438 0,8220 0,0082 1,90 71,26 35,65
5,00 44,22 74,71 0,0584 0,8185 0,0090 2,56 71,78 39,31
6,00 44,49 73,47 0,0718 0,8139 0,0090 3,19 72,26 39,88
7,00 44,79 72,24 0,0843 0,8084 0,0085 3,79 72,73 38,17
8,00 45,10 71,03 0,0959 0,8024 0,0077 4,37 73,20 35,23
9,00 45,44 69,84 0,1067 0,7961 0,0070 4,94 73,71 32,20
10,00 45,79 68,67 0,1172 0,7899 0,0064 5,51 74,28 30,26
11,00 46,16 67,51 0,1277 0,7839 0,0064 6,10 74,93 30,56
12,00 46,56 66,37 0,1385 0,7784 0,0070 6,73 75,67 34,14
13,00 46,96 65,25 0,1500 0,7735 0,0085 7,42 76,52 41,86
14,00 47,39 64,16 0,1624 0,7692 0,0108 8,18 77,49 54,19
15,00 47,84 63,08 0,1760 0,7655 0,0140 9,03 78,57 71,67
16,00 48,30 62,02 0,1909 0,7623 0,0180 9,98 79,75 94,28
17,00 48,77 60,98 0,2071 0,7596 0,0228 11,05 81,05 121,79
18,00 49,27 59,97 0,2246 0,7571 0,0282 12,23 82,43 153,42
19,00 49,78 58,97 0,2435 0,7549 0,0340 13,53 83,88 189,04
20,00 50,30 57,99 0,2635 0,7526 0,0401 14,95 85,39 227,52
21,00 50,84 57,04 0,2842 0,7501 0,0462 16,47 86,94 267,48
22,00 51,39 56,1 0,3058 0,7474 0,0521 18,11 88,51 308,60
23,00 51,95 55,19 0,3276 0,7443 0,0577 19,83 90,09 349,10
24,00 52,53 54,29 0,3497 0,7406 0,0628 21,64 91,66 388,67
25,00 53,12 53,42 0,3714 0,7365 0,0673 23,50 93,20 425,71
26,00 53,72 52,56 0,3930 0,7317 0,0711 25,43 94,70 460,06
27,00 54,33 51,72 0,4140 0,7263 0,0741 27,41 96,17 490,74
28,00 54,96 50,9 0,4341 0,7203 0,0764 29,41 97,58 517,28

Longitudinal force FX kN Lateral force FY kN


35 120

30 100
25
80
20
F, kN

F, kN

60
15
40
10

5 20

0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30
ship speed, knots ship speed, knots

Yaw moment N kNm


600

500

400
N, kNm

300

200

100

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
ship speed, knots