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IMPUNITY WATCH

ANNUAL REVIEW

Volume 1 2010-2011

DEDICATION
Power Paying Tribute to Reason Ann Flower E. Seyse

ARTICLES
Portraits of Women at Nuremberg Diane Marie Amann

Leading War Crimes Prosecutions Matthew Parker-Lavine

SPEECH
Reflections on Women in International Criminal Law Marilyn J. Kaman

NOTES
The Inconspicuous Genocide of Albino Africans Ryan Cole

Be the Change Kelsie Flynn

REPORTS
Collective Year in Review Impunity Watch Reporting Staff

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Cite as: [add cite] ISSN [add #]
Impunity Watch is owned, published and printed annually by
Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244-1030, U.S.A. The
publication is designed to chronicle some of the most significant instances
of impunity during the previous year as reported on our website. Impunity
Watch provides objective reporting on impunity issues throughout the
world, allowing op- pressed individuals to gain a public voice. The goal of
Impunity Watch’s web- based presence is to immediately alert the world to
impunity issues. Impunity Watch also publishes articles relating to
impunity issues from academic, professional, and student authors.
Impunity Watch aims to examine human rights and impunity issues from
both a grassroots and academic perspective. Editorial and business offices
are located at: Syracuse University College of Law, E.I. White Hall, Room
159, Syracuse, NY 13244-1030 U.S.A.
Impunity Watch actively seeks and accepts article submissions
from scholars and practitioners in the fields of international law, human
rights, political science, history, and other humanitarian law related fields.
The publication hosts an annual symposium in the spring of each year and
maintains a comprehensive website of all the articles and reports
published. From Impunity Watch’s founding three years ago, it has grown
through the dedication of many students and the guidance of Professor
David Crane at Syracuse University College of Law. Impunity Watch now
has a dedicated readership around the world, including many government
officials and NGOs. Please Visit our website to read past and current
reports, and consider subscribing to our daily news feed.
The views expressed within are solely those of the authors and do
not necessarily reflect the views of Impunity Watch, its advisors, editors or
staff,
Syracuse University College of Law, or Syracuse University.

Copyright © 2011 [add copyright]. All rights reserved.

For more information please visit http://impunitywatch.com.

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IMPUNITY WATCH EDITORIAL STAFF
2010-2011

Executive Board
Managing Editor Editor-in-Chief Managing Editor
News ANN FLOWER SEYSE Journal
SOVEREIGN HAGER RYAN COLE

Administrative Editor Technology Director


MEGAN DODGE DON ANQUE

Senior Articles Editors

AMY GOLDLUST AMY KIM JUSTIN HOWLAND


WILSON PUN

Senior Desk Officers

North America Europe Middle East


BRENDA LOPEZ- ROMERO DAVID SOPHRIN ELIZABETH CONGER

Oceania Africa South America


CYNTHIA TRINH JONATHAN AMBAYE MARIO FLORES

Asia Special Features


ALOK S. BHATT KYLIE TSUDAMA

Senior Staff

MEREDITH LEE CLARK JARED KLEINMAN BOBAK RAJABI


EILEEN GOULD STEPHEN KOPKO GABRIEL SANCHEZ
JENN HARALAMBIDES CAROLINE MILLER MICHAEL SANCHEZ
KENNETH HUNT WILLIAM MILLER AHMAD SHIHADAH
BRANDON KAUFMAN SAMANTHA MORRIS
HYO-JIN PAIK

Staff
CHRISTINA BERGER POLLY JOHNSON ERIC SIGMUND ALISON
DAVID CHAPLIN JOSEPH JUHN SPROTT-ROEN
JACQUELYN GRIPPE ERIKA LASTER PATRICK VANDERPOOL
LAURA HIRAHARA ALISON OWENS REBECCA YAWORSKY
WARREN POPP

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FACULTY ADVISOR TO
THE JOURNAL

DAVID M. CRANE
Professor David Crane was appointed a professor of practice at Syracuse
University College of Law in the summer of 2006. From 2002-2005 he was the
founding Chief Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, an international war
crimes tribunal, appointed to that position by the Secretary General of the United
Nations, Kofi Annan

Served with the rank of Undersecretary General, Professor Crane’s mandate


was to prose- cute those who bear the greatest responsibility for war crimes, crimes
against humanity, and other serious violations of international human rights committed
during the civil war in Sierra Leone during the 1990’s. Among those he indicted for
those horrific crimes was the President of Liberia, Charles Taylor, the first sitting
African head of state in history to be held accountable. Professor Crane was the first
American since Justice Robert Jackson and Telford Taylor at Nuremberg, in 1945, to be
the Chief Prosecutor of an international war crimes tribunal. The Office of the
Prosecutor is located with the Special Court in Freetown, Sierra Leone.

Professor Crane served over 30 years in the federal government of the United
States. Appointed to the Senior Executive Service of the United States in 1997, Mr.
Crane has held numerous key managerial positions during his three decades of public
service, to include a, and Waldemar A. Solf Professor of International Law at the
United States Army Judge Advocate General’s School.

Professor Crane teaches international criminal law, international humanitarian


law, and national security law at the College of Law. Additionally, he is a member of
the faculty of the Institute for National Security and Counterterrorism, a joint venture
with the Maxwell School of Public Citizenship at Syracuse University. Professor Crane
is on the leadership council of the American Bar Association’s International Law
Section and currently serves as a co-chair on the sections International Criminal Court
Task Force. In 2007, he founded Impunity Watch (www.impunitywatch.com) a law
review and public service blog.

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DEDICATION

POWER PAYING TRIBUTE TO REASON

Impunity Watch dedicates this year’s Annual Review to the devoted individuals that
work in international humanitarian law. Those working and supporting the Special
Court for Sierra Leone, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Court of Cambodia, the
International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal
Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Criminal Court are carrying out the legacy
of Robert H. Jackson, staying the hand vengeance in the continuation of the greatest
tribute that power has ever paid to reason. 1 To the practitioners that are constantly
furthering international humanitarian law in their daily work in spite of the politics that
interfere.

Given the many challenges facing nations in this tumultuous economic and political
climate, credit must be given to the state and non-state actors that support these
institutions of justice. With so many pressing priorities it is commendable that these
tribunals are continuing, with new proceedings being opened and even more under
consideration. It is essential for the peaceful growth of global society that international
justice is not only supported but prioritized. The world is too small and interconnected
to ignore impunity.

Impunity Watch seeks to inform the world about current instances of impunity, raising
the voices of the victimized and oppressed. We hope that the awareness Impunity
Watch raises is a call to justice that translates into international solidarity and action.
We are inspired and grateful to those that devote their careers to the pursuit of
international justice.

Impunity Watch would also like to thank Joshua Heintz, Esq. for his incredible support
of Impunity Watch and its mission. His support ensures that we will continue to raise
the caliber of our publication and programming. As a result we are able to raise
awareness about impunity issues among a broader audience. We are grateful for his
support and encouragement as Impunity Watch enters its fifth year in operation.

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Justice Robert H. Jackson, Chief U.S. Prosecutor, Opening Statement for the
Prosecution at the Nuremburg Trials (Nov. 21, 1945), available at
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/nuremberg/Jackson.html.

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IMPUNITY WATCH ANNUAL REVIEW
Volume 1 2010-2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ARTICLES
Portraits of Women at Nuremberg 1
Diane Marie Amann

Leading War Crimes Prosecutions 15


Matthew Parker-Lavine

SPEECH
Reflections on Women in International Criminal Law 35
Marilyn J. Kaman

NOTES
The Inconspicuous Genocide of Albino Africans 44
Ryan Cole

Be the Change 54
Kelsie Flynn

REPORTS
Africa Desk
Rome Statute Review Conference to Challenge Negative Perceptions 56
Celeste Little

Criminalizing Homosexuality in Africa 57


Eric C. Sigmund

Human Rights Violations in Zimbabwe’s Diamond Mines 60


Eric C. Sigmund

I.C.C. Charges Sudanese President with Genocide 62


Sovereign Hager

‘Child Witches’ Abused and Killed in Nigeria 64


Laura Hirahara

Two Hundred Children In Nigeria Dead from Lead Poisoning 65


Polly Johnson

Leader Presumed Responsible for Mass Rapes in D.R. Congo is Arrested 67


Polly Johnson

Ethiopia Accused of Using International Aid to Silence Opposition 68


Daniel M. Austin

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Violence Rocks Western Sahara 70
Daniel M. Austin

17 African Leaders Indicted by the I.C.C. 71


Laura Hirahara

Mugabe Using Blood Diamonds to Fund Zimbabwe Election 73


Laura Hirahara

Former Rwandan Mayor on Trial in Germany for Genocide 74


Laura Hirahara

Botswana’s Bushmen Denied Access to Water 76


Laura Hirahara

Anti-Government Protests Continue Throughout Egypt 77


Daniel M. Austin

Unprecedented Internet Shutdown in Egypt Sparks Fears of Technology Abuse 80


Polly Johnson

Post- Referendum Implications a concern for Sudan 82


Laura Hirahara

H.R.W. Call for International Intervention in Mogadishu 84


Laura Hirahara

Ivory Coast President Refusing to Release Bodies from City Morgues 86


Laura Hirahara

U.N. Sanctions Libyan Officials and Calls for I.C.C. Investigation 87


Daniel M. Austin

Asia Desk
Innocent People or Armed Insurgents? Night Raids in Afghanistan 89
David L. Chaplin II.

Kyrgyzstan Chaos Shows Signs of Ethnic Cleansing 90


David L. Chaplin II.

50 Dead: Pakistan’s Holiest Shrine Turned Scene 92


David L. Chaplin II.

Bangladesh Charges 824 Post Massacre 93


David L. Chaplin II.

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Duch Found Guilty: War Crimes Day of Reckoning 95
David L. Chaplin II.

Trial of the Maguindanao Massacre 96


David L. Chaplin II.

Nobel Peace Prize. No Pleasant Surprise for Chinese 98


Joseph Juhn

Video Shows Indonesian Security Forces Torturing Papuans 100


Joseph Juhn

Myanmar Elections Produce Refugees, Not Hope 102


Joseph Juhn

Game of Killing Afghan Civilians by U.S. Soldiers 104


David L. Chaplin

North Korea Fires at South, Killing Civilians 106


Joseph Juhn

Sri Lankan ‘War Criminal’ gets U.N. Diplomatic Immunity 107


David L. Chaplin II.

Over 10,000 Flee Ethnic Tension in East India 109


David L. Chaplin II.

Beijing Censors Reports on Egypt Protests 111


Joseph Juhn

Forgotten Conflict Death Toll Climbs in Thailand 112


David L. Chaplin II.

Europe Desk
Raids Against Activists and Opposition Continue Through Belarus 114
Yoohwan Kim

Behind the Coal Mine Disaster in Russia 115


Tristan Simoneau

Swedish Oil Company Accused of Crimes Against Humanity 117


Tristan Simoneau

European Court of Human Rights Says Same Sex Marriage is Not a Universal Right 118
Yoohwan Kim

Riots Erupt in Northern Ireland 120


Tristan Simoneau

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Missing Witness, Police Involved in Disappearance of Ukrainian Journalist 121
Christina Berger

UN Council Reports Widespread Human Rights Abuses 123


Christina Berger

Italy’s Outsourced Border Patrol Fires Live Munitions at Unarmed Civilians 124
Ricardo Zamora

Croatia Limits Human Rights of the Mentally Disabled 126


Ricardo Zamora

Slave-Like Conditions Found on Fishing Boats Supplying Europe 127


Christina Berger

Amnesty International Urges Italy to Respect the Rights of Asylum Seekers 129
Christina Berger

UK Military Interrogation Training Aids: Sleep Deprivation, Forced Nudity 130


Christina Berger

UK Military Accused of Abusing Iraqi Detainees 132


Christina Berger

EU Accuses Seven in Kosovo of Organ Trafficking 133


Christina Berger

Migrants, Refugees Face Inhuman Living Conditions, Abuse in Greek Prisons 135
Ricardo Zamora

Ukrainian Border Officials Torture Migrants and Asylum Seekers 136


Ricardo Zamora

Vatican Letter Warned Irish Bishops Not to Report Child Abuse 138
Christina Berger

Hungary Faces Criticism Over Restrictive New Media Law 140


Christina Berger

Hungarian Officials Charge Former WWII Officer with War Crimes 141
Daniel M. Austin

Former Serbian Official Convicted for War Crimes in Kosovo 143


Christina Berger

Middle East Desk


Bahrain Bans Al Jazeera 146
Warren Popp

Continuing International Condemnation over Israeli Flotilla Raid 147


Warren Popp

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‘Illegal’ Israeli Demolition/Development in Jerusalem Approved 153
Warren Popp

Iran: Lawyer in Stoning Case Missing 156


Elizabeth A. Conger

Israel to Deport 400 Migrant Children 157


Elizabeth A. Conger

Tens of Thousands Flee Embattled City in Yemen, Dozens Killed 159


Warren Popp

Former Israeli Soldier Dismisses Outrage Over Facebook Photos 161


Polly Johnson

Iran States ‘Stoning as Punishment is Not a Human Rights Issue’ 162


Alyxandra Stanczak

Afghan Elections Marred by Abductions and Intimidation 164


Eric C. Sigmund

Domestic Workers Exploited and Abused in Kuwait 165


Eric C. Sigmund

Media Freedom Suffers in Tajikstan 167


Eric C. Sigmund

Lashing and Deportation Punishment for Having Sex in UAE 168


Eric C. Sigmund

Violence Against Christians Increases in Iraq 170


Eric C. Sigmund

Deportation of Somali Immigrants “Inhumane” Says Human Rights Watch 171


Eric C. Sigmund

Abuses Against Migrant Workers Takes Center Stage in Saudi Arabia…Again 173
Eric Sigmund

Rising Food Prices Spur Protests in Middle East and Africa 174
Eric C. Sigmund

Protests Spurred By Security Forces in Bahrain and Iran 175


Eric C. Sigmund

Israeli Settlements Spark Violence While Netanyahu Waffles 177


Eric C. Sigmund

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North America Desk
73 Dead in Jamaican Slum as Government Searches for Suspected Drug Trafficker 180
Sovereign Hager

State of California Denies Legally Required Accommodations to Employees who are 181
Deaf
Ali Sprott-Roen

CIA Doctors Performed Torture Experimentation on Detainees 182


Ali Sprott-Roen

Border Patrol Agent Fatally Shoots Teen 184


Ali Sprott-Roen

Proposed Arizona Law Violates the Constitution 186


Ali Sprott-Roen

NY Civil Liberties Union Investigates Improper Medical Care at Syracuse County Jail 187
Ali Sprott-Roen

Child Slavery in Haiti Expected to Double from 300,000 189


Erica Laster

Mexico’s Nuevo Laredo Near Media Blackout: Drug Cartels Tightening Control 191
Erica Laster

Kawaiisu Tribe Files Amended Lawsuit to Stop California Resort Infringement 192
On Tribe Burial Grounds
Erica Laster

Ninth Circuit: State Secrets Trump Torture Victims’ Right to Sue 194
R. Renee Yaworsky

72 Migrants Killed in Massacre: Honduran Helped 2nd Survivor Flee 195


Erica Laster

Gay Rights at the Forefront in the Wake of Hate Crimes and Suicides 197
Erica Laster

International Commission Faces Resistance from Guatemalan Government 198


Erica Laster

Death Toll Rises to 1,186: Inadequate Response to Cholera Outbreak 200


Erica Laster

Amnesty Pushes for Justice for Nicaraguan Rape Victims 201


Erica Laster

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Former Guatemalan Interior Minister Re-Arrested in Spain 202
Erica Laster

United States Resumes Deportation of Haitians Despite Risk 204


Erica Laster

Former Haitian Dictator, ‘Baby Doc’ Duvalier, Arrested 205


Erica Laster

UN Specialist Investigates High Rates of Rape and Assault in Indian Country 207
Erica Laster

Violence Against Protesters of Military Human Rights Abuses in Mexico 208


Erica Laster

Oceania Desk
Papua New Guinea Government Struggles to Combat Cholera Outbreak 210
Sovereign Hager

Australia Plans to Transfer 750 Asylum Seekers to Mainland 211


Joseph Juhn

US Resumes Ties With Indonesian Military Group Known for Human Rights Abuses 212
Polly Johnson

Fiji’s Strongman Still Censoring and Ruling by Decree 214


R. Renee Yaworsky

Papua Prisoner Calls for Attention to Indonesia’s Abuses 216


Joseph Juhn

PNG Police Kills Underage Detainee 218


Joseph Juhn

Two Tongan Candidates Question November Election Results 219


Joseph Juhn

South America Desk


Brazilians Exposed to Large Quantities of Agro-Toxins 221
Patrick Vanderpool

‘Operation Condor’ Torture Garage Trial Opens in Argentina 222


R. Renee Yaworsky

Peru: Human Rights High Court Too Lenient on Security Force Members 224
Ricardo Zamora

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Former Argentina Dictator Takes Responsibility for Rights Abuses 225
Patrick Vanderpool

Chile Rejects Catholic Church’s Call to Pardon Human Rights Abusers 227
Patrick Vanderpool

Human Rights Groups Condemn Murder of Colombian Indigenous Leader 228


Ricardo Zamora

Facebook Hit List Spark Murder, Panic 230


R. Renee Yaworsky

Brazil’s President Approves Construction of Dam Threatening Indigenous Peoples 231


Patrick Vanderpool

Indigenous Prisoners Seek Resolution to Hunger Strike 233


Patrick Vanderpool

Columbian Military Official Arrested for Unlawful Killings 234


Patrick Vanderpool

33 Chilean Women Stage Hunger Strike to Demand Jobs 236


Patrick Vanderpool

Columbia Named one of the Most Dangerous Countries for Journalists 237
Patrick Vanderpool

220 Brazilian Firms Accused of Slave Labor 238


R. Renee Yaworsky

Indigenous Protesters Ousted from Easter Island Hotel 240


R. Renee Yaworsky

Historic Award to Ecuadorian Residents in Pollution Case 241


Patrick Vanderpool

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