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FRE 103 ʹ Rulings on Evidence p
p  p p  ppp
(a)p Effect of erroneous ruling  p  p p p
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(1)p OBJECTION 
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(2)p OFFER OF PROOF î p M ppppp
(b)p Record of offer and ruling îp  pp ppp
(c)p Hearing of jury   p
(d)p Plain error îp  p pp p
p
 
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îp D  p !p"  p
#$%&p
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îp  p
 
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FRE 104 ʹ Preliminary îp '#$'p()#pp pFRE 104(a) p


Questions (
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(a)p General admissibility p
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pppp
(b)p Relevancy conditioned on îp p" 
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     p p  p
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fact  p p p"
p!p +
,p   pp
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(c)p Jury 

   
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pp+" pp
(d)p Testimony by accused Court decides if reasonable jury îp D .p  !p   pp
(e)p Weight and credibility could make the inference îp D
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îp $



!p 
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pp
$D$p
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îp #)p
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pp
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îp d pp p
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p
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!p 0 

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FRE 106 ʹ Remainder of  p -


p p 
p p p p
Writings or Statements  ppp p
p" pp
p
0available to ADVERSE PARTY
p  pp
p
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ONLY
FRE 401 ʹ Relevant Evidence  !p  !pp2p ppu   p
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p
î p 
p  pp
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îp 
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FRE 402 ppRelevant Evidence ALL relevant evidence is admissiblep p
GENERALLY admissible; 3  p  p  
pp!p
Irrelevant NOT  ,p   ,p p  p  4pp
p 
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p#)p   p
p#)p


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FRE 403 ʹ Exclusion of $pp+ p  p
p" 
p x ppp  p
Relevant Evidence  p
p
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î p 6      M  p  
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p" pp
îp x 
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îp DM  pp) p

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FRE 407 ʹ Subsequent p 6 6  p  6 î# 
Remedial Measures î p #
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p
pp
p îp  " p pp î p 
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îp %p
pp" p îp    pp
îp %p
p" .p
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!pp" 
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îp ) p p p
p p  pp

 
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p îp "  pp
FRE 408 ʹ Compromise îp 6 6 p îp  6 pî# 
(a)p Prohibited Uses î p Impeachmentpp p + 
p
/pp
(b)p Permitted Uses  p pM  p î p 
p
pp
0""
pp  " 
pp pp  pp îp #
p p !p 
pp
00d'pp
p""
pp ×p §

!ppp 
p îp 
p 
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000DOES NOT apply to ×p $ ppp
CRIMINAL CASESpp p
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FRE 409 ʹ Medical Expenses #)p

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FRE 410 ʹ Pleas in Criminal p 6 6 p p 6  6 p
Cases î p % p
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!p" p p p î p d'p pp 
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#)p$%&p#p §p)'p  p
   pp ppp
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'#$p $p$6$#p7p îp #p p" pp " "pp
%d#%$#pD7)p$%p7p îp $ !p ppp p îp xM
pp"  !p p
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p  pp p  p p" "p
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îp $ !p pp
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FRE 411 ʹ Liability Insurance p 6 6 p p 6  6 p
p 
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!p îp    pp

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FRE 404 ʹ Character îp p
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!p p
Propensity Rule 
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(a)p Character evidence  p
generally î p %p p p
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(1)p Character of accused
p p   p$#%p  p
(2)p Character of alleged p p pp
victim îp p p p2p$#%p
(3)p Character of witness   p p  pp%.p
(b)p Other crimes, wrongs or    p
p  p
acts îp p p M pgood faith
basispp p
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îp 6    î# 
+ 
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îp 8  pp
îp  
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îp $ pp
2pp
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FRE 405 ʹ Methods of Proving îp %' pp "
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Character "

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p *p ')pp
(a)p Reputation or opinion   p"

p
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(b)p Specific instances of  pp
conduct î p $-
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îp 
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p p îp  M   pp  ,p
 
p p p p  d p
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FRE 406 ʹ Habit p  p p
pspecificp pnon p pp pp p p‘
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p
p   p
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   p p#)p
p
p of repeated behaviorp sufficient number of
  pp p M/p instancespp p p
p
î p 
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p -
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inadmissible for habitpp p ×p pp" 

p

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p  pp
îp '  p
2
pp ×p Can use specific acts
îp '  p2
pp to prove it
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FRE 607 ʹ Who͛s Impeachable p p p2p!p)D#p p
p p
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FRE 608 ʹ Evidence of îp $2p p


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!p p
Character and Conduct of pp
p Mp
Witness  p&p%p)/p
(a)p Opinion and reputation î p  
p$#%p
evidence of character îp 
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(b)p Specific instances of )#pp pp'&p
conductp  p2p
îp  p#)pp  ‘  
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p
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î"pp p pp p

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FRE 609 ʹ Impeachment by îp 2p p   p p p
Evidence of Conviction   /p
(a)p any partyp"p 

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ppp
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(b)p time limit îp   pp"
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(c)p pardon  !p
(d)p juvenile record îp #)p

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(e)p pending appeal  p
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îp $

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FRE 610 ʹ Religious Beliefs 
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FRE 611 ʹ Mode and Order of îp ap p
 
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Interrogation and Presentation -
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(a)p Control by court îp 

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(b)p Scope of cross  p
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(c)p Leading questions îp #)p" 
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FRE 612 ʹ Writing Used to D
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Refresh Memory  
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FRE 613 ʹ Prior Statements of îp %p#)p ppp
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Witnesses îp #)p

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(a)p Examining witnesses
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p p !p p
(b)p Extrinsic evidence of prior 
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inconsistencies
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FRE 614 ʹ Callings and îp  p p p
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Interrogation of Witnesses by îp  p p
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Court îp )
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(a)p Calling by court  p
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(b)p Interrogation by court  !p
p#)p"  pp
(c)p Objections
FRE 615 ʹ Exclusion of p §

p p#)pp+ p p p !"
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Witnesses   p
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evidencepî  p  p  p p
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FRE 412 ʹ Sex Offense Case ʹ p $""
pp&)7p

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Victim͛s Past Sexual Behavior 3  pîp pîp î p  !p
 
pp p
$4p 6 6 /p 
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.psexual dispositionpp    p
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FRE 413 ʹ Evidence of Similar (a)p In cases about sexual assault p conditional relevance issue ʹ
Crimes in Sexual Assault Cases offenses about other sexual overrides 104(b)
offenses AND any other matter to p overrides 404(b)
which it is relevant p
(b)p 
p -
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(c)p
p  pp#)p

p !p  p
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44pd'p
(d)p 


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1.p conduct
2.p contact without consent
3.p ͙between genitals, anus
4.p Getting sexual pleasure
from torture
5.p Attempt or conspiracy to
do any of the above
FRE 414 ʹ Child Molestation îp pppp
îp ppp
îp pppp
îp 


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FRE 415 ʹ Similar Crimes (Child îp 

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2pd'p p pd'p p
or Sexual Assault) îp 
p -
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îp p p

p$#p  p  pî44p
d'pp
p
FRE 801 ʹ Hearsay îp )  p p
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(a)p statement p p#)#§'&$p  p
ppp î p p p

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(b)p declarant
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(c)p hearsay  p   p  p
p!p pp pp!;p
(d)p statements that are NOT îp   p p2p p pp 4p "

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hearsay îp p  p p   p!p pp  !p  p
(1)p prior statement by "p p   p!p 4p NOT inadmissible if has
witness (d)p Statements NOT hearsay relevancy outside of
(A)p past inconsistent î p 6M    p asserting truth (i.e. declarant
(B)p past consistent î$p  p p p   p can speak, state of mind)p
(C)p statements of pp p+

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p p   p p p;p
identification î&p  
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p  p 4p   M pp
(2)p admission by party 
p   pp
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p  p p#)p !p
(A)p party͛s own "
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pp"" p 4p M  M‘  
(C)p spokesperson îp   M  p FOUR TESTIMONIAL CAPACITIES:
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FRE 802 ʹ Hearsay Rule 7 !p
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FRE 803 ʹ Hearsay Exceptions: î p  pppdescribing or SPECIFICATIONS:
Availability of Declarant explain an event or conditionp
p î p )#p$&)p7p§#pp
Immaterial  p   ppperceiving it or îp ' 
pp p p  p
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(3)p   p+

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(4)p  p p" "pp stress of excitement caused by 4p  

pp p

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(5)p ' p  
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(6)p ' ppregularly  pî

p
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conducted activity îp  pp   .p7#pp (present/future)
(7)p $ pp  !p
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(21)p "
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FRE 804 ʹ Hearsay Exceptions; îp $""
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Declarant Unavailable î p Exemptpp
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!pp p p #)p 
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îp pRefusedpp
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îp Duckingp p p
îp #)p3 %%p!p  !p  p
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