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SWBP

Permissive:
Disch v/v closed
Suction Pressure > 0.5 kg/cm2
Atleast minimum time elapsed after starting of last SWBP
ACW P/P
Permissive:
L/O relay reset
Disch v/v closed
Level in O/H tank > 1.7 M
Atleast minimum time elapsed after starting of last P/P
Trip:
L/O relay operated
Emergency switch operated
Auto start
ACW P/P on auto &
Runninig ACW P/P trip &
Dischrge header pressure Lo &
Atleast minimum time elapsed after starting of last P/P
Air Compressor
Trip:
LO pressure Low
LP stage 1 or 2 dischrge air temp. Hi
HP stage dischrge air temp. Hi
Motor O/L
Breaker protection operated ( Inst. O/C, O/C with time delay
Remark:
Stn air to Inst. Air CV air fail- Opn
Inst. Air Hdr pr.CV maintains 0.3bar dp.& Air fail- Close
Air Drier
Trip:
Lack of oil
Refrigerent high pressure
Refrigerent low pressure
High current
HMP
Auto start:
Any HMP running for > 5 sec & hdr pr. ≤ 3 bar
Runninig HMP trip
CEP
Permissive:
Suction V/V open
HW Lvl OK ( -50 mm)
Seal water pr. OK ( 3 bar)
Dischrge V/V closed or Hdr pr. > 8 bar
L/O relay reset
Trip:
L/O relay operated
Emergency stop switch operated
dp strainer Hi ( > 0.6 bar) - Not i/s
Locked rotor current trip = 6 * FLC
Instan. O/C trip = 10*FLC
Time O/C trip = 1.2*FLC
Minimum R/C flow = 100 Kg/s, Max flow through R/C = 166.7 kg/s
Auto start:
CEP auto ON
CEP trip or dischrge Hdr pr. < 18 bar
CEP disch. v/v opening permissive:
Dischrge hdr pr. > 8 bar
CEP suction. v/v closing permissive:
5 sec elapsed after CEP stopping
Heater drip pump
Permissive:
Seal water pr OK
Drain receiver lvl not lo
Lockout relay reset
Trip:
Emergency stop switch operated
Drain receiver lvl lo
Lockout relay operated.
Winding temp high 120 deg
Locked rotor current trip = 6 * FLC
Inst O/C trip = 10 * FLC
Time O/C trip = 120%FLC
MBFP
Permissive:
Lub oil pressure > 0.8 bar
Lub oil tank level > 50%
Minimum flow 100% open
Warm up valve closed
No reverse rotation
Lockout relay reset
Dea lvl Ok
Up stream isolating valve of 25% & 100% CV closed or disc hdr pr OK
cooling water flow OK
Suction V/V open
(Any one STBFP trip & MBFP on auto S/B ) or barrel top & bottom differential temp < 30 deg with control ckt 3 off
Trip:
MBFP running & LO Pr < 0.5 bar for 1 sec
MBFP running & flow lo lo Pr < 0.5 bar for 10 sec
MBFP running & W/U valve not closed
Reverse rotation
lockout operated
dea lvl lo lo
shaft disp > 1.5mm
BP or MP S/S DP > 0.6 bar for 15 sec
Suction V/V not open
2/3 FW hdr pr hi-hi
both temp of radial brg left or right HH
both temp of Axial brg left or right HH
Emergency trip switch operated.

MBFP Auto S/B ON results in opening of isolating valves of 100% & 25% CV & AC oil pump auto start
MBFP Auto S/B ON results in opening of isolating valves of 100% & 25% CV & AC oil pump auto start

MBFP auto S/B put off under following conditions 1) Discharge hdr pressure low or MBFP trip criteria present
MBFP LO system
Permissive for AC LOP:
Lvl in oil tank OK
Criteria for auto starting of LOPs
MBFP auto S/B On & LO Pr < 1 bar or MBFP stopped or MBFP startup programme step 1 for starting or AC oil pu
auto & LO Pr < 1 bar for 2 Sec
Criteria for auto starting of LOPs on protection

MBFP reverse rotation starts AOP & EOP both & LOPs on auto & lub oil pressure < 0.7 bar starts EOP
Permissive for stopping AC LOP

MBFP stopped or oil pump on auto + MBFP running for more than 46 sec + lub oil Pr > 3 bar
Permissive for stopping DC LOP
MBFP stopped or AC oil P/P running & LO Pressure > 0.8 bar
Criteria for auto stopping of AC LOP
MBFP LOP on auto & LO Pr > 3 bar & MBFP running for 40 Sec
Criteria for auto stopping of AC LOP
MBFP LOPs on auto & LO Pr ≥ 3 bar
STBFP
Permissive:
1 Disch v/v & its B/P v/v closed
2 Suction v/v open
3 deaerator lvlv ok
4 No reverse rotation
5 W/U cv closed
6 temp differential of barrel top & bottom < 30 deg
7 W/U control off
8 R/C V/V full open
9 Lub oil pr > 0.8 bar
Trip:
1 Pump Trip Criteria
2 Shaft displacement > max (1.5mm)
3 Suction v/v not 100% open
4 Dearator lvl lo lo (-585 mm)
5 reverse rotation
6 Turbine reset & W/U v/v not closed
7 MP or BP S/S Dp > 0.6 bar for 10 sec
8 Emergency trip switch operated.
9 R/C V/V not 100% open & flow < min for 10 sec
10 Turbine reset & lub oil pressure < 0.5 bar for 1 sec
11 Radia brg or axial brg temp hi-hi (90 deg)
12 FW hdr pr hi hi ( not in service)
13 Turbine trip Criteria
14 Control oil pr low (2.5 bar)
15 Gov oil pressure low for 10 sec (4 bar)
16 LO pr very low (1 bar)
17 exhaust temp very hi (140 degC)
18 O/S mech & elect (6174 rpm)
19 Emergency trip switch operated.
20 remote trip
21 BFP fault & BFP fault not bypassed
22 Axial shift hi (0.7mm)
23 Vacuum lo lo (0.5)
* STBFP suction v/v opening permissive, its B/P v/v open & STBFP speed is 0 rpm.
STBFP reverse rotation results in closing of following v/vs 25% CV isolating v/vs ( up & down stream), 100% dis
* its B/P v/v & booster stage isolating v/v
Auto starting of S/B AOP

BFP turbine running & running AOP trips or BFP reverse rotation & LO pressure low Or Lub oil pressure low.
AOP stopping criteria
Other AOP running & turbine speed > zero & stop command from UCP or field OR turbine speed is zero & stop co
given
DC JOP interlock
JOP switch on auto & turb speed < 500 rpm
TG Interlock for auto open
TG on auto & Turb speed < 100 rpm & LO pr OK & JO Pr > 55 bar
TG Interlock for manual open

TG V/V on manual & LO Pr OK & JO Pr OK & open command given from local panel.
Engage / disengage coupling interlock

JO pr OK & Engage / disengage switch in engage position & Lub oil pr OK & turbine speed = zero & coupling not
Criteria for disengaging

Turbine trip & engage/disengage switch in disengage condition & coupling not disengage & speed < 100 rpm
Exhaust valve

closing interlock: Closes if local switch is on auto & turbine is in tripped condition or closes when close command i
from local/UCB panel provided turbine is in tripped condition
Vacuum Pump
Permissive:
1 solenoid v/v closed &
2 inlet v/v closed &
3 other vacuum p/p startup sequence not in progress &
4 air water seperatoe tank lvl normal &

5A For pump start command from UCP 1) respective p/p switch on remote (at local cabinet) 2) Holding selection off (
Vacuum p/p ON command from UCB

5B For local starting. 1) bypass, inlet v/v opening & circulation p/p starting is done from respective switchgear module
pump switch in local cabinet tobe put on 'Local' selection & local start/stop to be given
Vacuum bkr

Opens when 1) Fire protection operated 2) When vacuum bkr partial open command is given from CR , vacuum b
first & then closes when condenser pr ≥ 0.88 bar
HPLP BP
High speed TCV protection close criteria
1) MFT or 2) Water injection pr low or 3) Down stream temp hi
Normal speed TCV protection close criteria
Above 1 or 2 or 3 or 4) Manual close commad from HS valve & HS v/v ≤ 15% open
High speed TCV protection open criteria
1) Generator trip or 2) Turbine trip or 3) Load shedding relay operated
Normal speed TCV protection open criteria

Above 1 or 2 or 3 or 4) Manual open commad for TCV (HS) valve & HS TCV <15% open
Block the open criteria(TCV):
1) TCV (HS) > 15% & 2) Protection or manual open command for TCV (HS)
High speed PCV protection close criteria
1) MFT or 2) Water injection pr low or 3)Downstream temp hi
Normal speed PCV protection close criteria
Any condition for PCV(HS) closing & PCV (HS) almost close.
High speed PCV protection open criteria
1) gen trip or 2) turb trip or 3)load shedding relay operation, 4) Actual steam Pr > set point & any of PCV block op
condition not present.
Normal speed PCV protection open criteria
Any condition for PCV(HS) opening & PCV (HS) open> 95%
Block the open criteria PCV (HS)
1) TCV ≤ 15% open & PCV (HS) close
Block the open criteria PCV ( Normal Speed)

Any condition for PCV (HS) opening or closing present & it is not opened or closed respectively.
7 kg/s

hdr pr OK

bottom differential temp < 30 deg with control ckt 3 off

100% & 25% CV & AC oil pump auto start


100% & 25% CV & AC oil pump auto start

ge hdr pressure low or MBFP trip criteria present

ing of LOPs
BFP startup programme step 1 for starting or AC oil pump on

LOPs on protection

s on auto & lub oil pressure < 0.7 bar starts EOP
ing AC LOP

e than 46 sec + lub oil Pr > 3 bar


ing DC LOP
ar
ng of AC LOP
Sec
ng of AC LOP
e, its B/P v/v open & STBFP speed is 0 rpm.
5% CV isolating v/vs ( up & down stream), 100% disch v/v

S/B AOP

ation & LO pressure low Or Lub oil pressure low.


criteria
from UCP or field OR turbine speed is zero & stop command

lock

O Pr > 55 bar
nual open

nd given from local panel.


pling interlock

& Lub oil pr OK & turbine speed = zero & coupling not engaged
ngaging

ion & coupling not disengage & speed < 100 rpm
ve

s in tripped condition or closes when close command is given

h on remote (at local cabinet) 2) Holding selection off (UCB), 3)


command from UCB

/p starting is done from respective switchgear modules &


ocal start/stop to be given

kr partial open command is given from CR , vacuum bkr opens

on close criteria
hi
ion close criteria
mmad from HS valve & HS v/v ≤ 15% open
on open criteria
operated
tion open criteria

valve & HS TCV <15% open


eria(TCV):
nd for TCV (HS)
on close criteria
i
ion close criteria
.
on open criteria
4) Actual steam Pr > set point & any of PCV block open

tion open criteria

ia PCV (HS)

V ( Normal Speed)

s not opened or closed respectively.


Normal Lo Lo-lo Hi Hi-hi Remark
1 ACW tank : 48 M3
3.8 M 1.7 M 1.3 M 4.1 M ALARMS
Makeup opens at 1.7 M & closes at 3.8 M
Makeup valve air fail - open
ACW O/H tank level MCV max flow 20 kg/s
2 Raw water tank : 5100 M3
4.17 M 0.5 M -1.04 4.37 M 4.57 M ( O/F) ALARMS
Reserve for fire fighting 1500 M3
3 CST 5A: 600M3/Dia 8.5M/Ht 11M 5B: 460M3/Dia 7.5M/Ht 11M
5.5 9.3 ALARMS
4 DM Storage tank 1290 M3 each ( three Nos.)
5 Hot Well: 77M3 L*B*H = 14.7*2.2*1.4 M
0-150 mm -200 200 ALARMS
CEP start permissive = -50 mm
HW mkup CV air fail - locked.
6 Deaerator: 200M3 at normal level ( 6min capacity at VWO)
0 - 200 mm -200 -585 200 BFP TRIP AT -585
7 MBFP oil tank : 1.87 M3
60% Start perm = 50%
Normal Lo Lo-lo Hi Hi-hi
Air Compressor
Oil pressure 1.2 (TD-
2.7 1.2
11Sec)
air temp to cooler 110-135 185
Stn air to Inst. Air CV air fail- Opn
Inst. Air Hdr pr.CV maintains 0.3bar dp.& Air fail- Close
CEP
Cooling water flow 10 5.5 6.5
disc Pr 27 bar 22 bar
Brg temp 42-43 deg 75 deg
wdg temp 50-64 deg 110 deg 120 deg
Locked rotor current trip = 6 * FLC
Instan. O/C trip = 10*FLC
Time O/C trip = 1.2*FLC
Minimum R/C flow = 100 Kg/s, Max flow through R/C = 166.7 kg/s
CEP min R/C air fail - open.
800
strainer Dp 600 mmwc mmwc

Seal water Pr 27 - 29 bar


Htr drp Pump
Wdg temp hi trip at 120 deg
MBFP
0.5 (T with
LO pressure 2.8 1.6 (A) TD 1 sec))
LO temp 40 70 (A)
LO Filter Dp 0.2 0.6 (A)
P/P Flow 225 98 (A) 44

Booster PP Pr 15 bar 10 bar (A)


P/P Disc Pr 251 bar 274

P/P disc Temp 163 degC 180 (A)


BCL flow 2 kg/s 4
BCL Pr 13.5 bar
BP & MP S/S DP < 0.1 1 1

Dea lvl 0 - 200 mm -200 -585 200


seal water pr 24 bar 20 (A) 18
54 - 60
seal water O/L temp degC 80

P/P to Dea suct DT 5 to 10 30


LO tank Lvl 60% 50%
Th brg temp 55-70 75 90
Motor radial brg
temp 53-58 75 90
Step up gear brg
temp 50-55 75 90
motor / pp brg vib 1.3 - 7 8 mm/s
Axial disp 0.5 1.5 (T)
Motor wdg temp < 100 110 120 (T)
Mtr core temp 80 90 95
Mtr cooling water
flow 21 m3/s 20

Mtr cool air I/L temp 42 57 62

Mtr cool air O/L temp 68 90 95


lub oil sump temp 70
Motor starting
current 4.5 * FLC

Locked rotor current 5*FLC


Inst Current 10*FLC
Time O/C 1.2*FLC
Motor differential
STBFP
P/P 0.5 (T)
LO pressure kg/cm2 2.2 1.6(A) turb 1 (T)
Govn oil 7.5 4 (T)
Control oil 7.5 2.5
Lub oil filt DP bar 0.2 0.6(A)
control oil filt Dp
MWC 2 5

Govn oil filt Dp MWC 2 15


Lub oil sump temp 53 73
AOP / JOP disc Pr 70 bar
casing temp 270- 290
Exhausthood temp 49 110 140
Exhaust releif
diaphragh setting 0.5 kg/cm2
vacuum 0.92 0.6 0.5 (T)
axial shift 0.013 -0.075 0.5 0.7
O/S 6174
Casing expansion 3.3 15 mm
differential
expansion 0 - 0.4 25
eccentricity micron 40 100
pedestal vibration 4 50
shaft vibration 20 50
Brg temp 60 - 65 75
Loss of 24V dc results in BFPTD trip
Loss of 220V DC results trip circuit becomes ineffective
BCl flow 7 16
shaft displacement 1 1.5mm

Vacuum
> 0.9 0.885bar 0.7(T)
HPBP
Down stream temp 320 400
spray water pressure
LPBP
Vacuum 0.9 0.4
steam temp after LPBP 50 90
spray water pressure 23 8.5
steam pressure after LPBP 0.14
Remark

TRIP
Alarm

bar dp.& Air fail- Close

Alarm
Alarm/ 18 bar S/b p/p cuts in
Alarm
Alarm./ Trip
C

ax flow through R/C = 166.7 kg/s

Alarm

Start permit at 3 bar

AOP/EOP start = 1/0.7, AOP auto


off = 3, start perm = 0.8

Trip with TD of 10 sec

Auto S/B off at ≤ 60 bar, Disch


valve closes at 85 bar

trip with TD of 10 sec


BFP trip at -585 mm, start perm:
200mm
ECIP cuts in at 18 bar

alarm
W/U valve opens at Dt > 30 degC
at load < 400 MW
Start permit at 50%
trip

trip

trip
alarm
trip
trip
trip

trip

trip
alarm

trip
trip
trip
yes

Start perm (for P/P: 0.8 bar, for


turn gear:1 bar), EOP cut in: 1 bar
trip , AOP start: 6.5
trip
trip

alarm

alarm
alarm

trip

trip
trip
trip
Alarm

Alarm
Alarm
Alarm
Alarm
Alarm

ineffective
alarm
trip
trip S/B Vac P/P cuts in at -0.83 bar

Protection close
open permissive at 12 bar

protection close

open permissive 9.9 bar


Equipment Motor RPM Capacity Head FL current Norm current
DM transfer P/P ( 3 Nos.) 15 HP/415V 2900 20 M3/hr 30 MWC
HMP 26 KW/415V 2935 66 M3/hr 5 Kg/cm2 45
Boiler Fill P/P 110 KW/415V 2970 180 M3/hr 10 Kg/cm2 172
Boiler Wash P/P 90 KW/415V 2960 120 M3/hr 100 M 165
CEP 800 KW/6.6KV 1485 210 Kg/sec 252 MLC 88 70
Heater drip P/P 250 Kw / 6.6 KV 1486 230 M3/H 195.5 - 220 M 27.3 22
MBFP 9 MW / 6.6 KV 1486 915
MBFP equally spaced start ( 20 - 30 min gap) : 3
No of starts in quick succession with cold machine at room temp: 3
Hot restart ( Admissible if motor stopped under normal condition): 2
Start per 24 Hrs : 3
ECIP 70 KW/220DC 3000 49-69 T/H 250-230 M 375 amp
condensate sump pump 18.5 KW 1460 81M3/H 22 M 34 Amp
Vacuum pump 34NM3/H
Remark

Capability= 252 MW
NPSH 2.2

cuts in at 18 bar hdr pr


HTR 1 HTR 2 HTR 3 HTR 5
Pressure upper limit ( not more than 12 hrs/year) (bar) 0.46 1.8 3.6 22.3
Temperature upper limit ( without time limit) 90 171 224 444
Temperature upper limit ( 80hrs/annum), Max 15 min in
individual case in degC 135 211 268 479
Tube 35 35 35 280
Design pressure (bar) Shell 3.5 3.5 3.5 21
Tube 160 160 220 247
Temperature degC Shell 160 160 220 227
TTD in degC 3 2.9 0.3
DCA in degC 5.9 5.6 5.3
Tube 35 35 280
safety valve setting Shell 3.52 3.52 21.13

Upper limit for extraction pressure of heater 6 ( without time bar) is 44.8 bar
In special cases at no load Htr 6 steam temperature may go upto 500 deg

Feed water induction control


Feed water bypassing criteria
A When FW htr shell level goes hi-hi the heater gets bypassed as follows
1 Extraction valve closes in test off condition.
2 FW bypass valve opens & after reaching 90% open condition inlet & outlet valves close
provided test is off & FW selector is on auto.
B Feed water side is bypassed as given above in (2) When bypass push button is pressed
alog with release button.
Water induction test
1 Key switch ON &
&2 *Htr lvl not hi ( for htr 2, 3, 5, 6), *Drain
receiver level not hi & condensate valve selection on auto ( for htr 1), *Extraction line
diff pressure > Min (for deaerator & BFP)
&3 Extraction line drain pots (before & after NRV) level not hi for heater to be tested.
&4 Test off for all other extraction.
&5 Test ON push button pressed for the heater to be tested with manual release.
Criteria for putting test off
1 Turbine trip
or 2 Manual rel & key switch operated + push button test off when level is not high.
or 3 Htr lvl not hi & test time exceeded during test
Extraction valve test
With heater test ON & extraction isolating valve selected for test , test programme starts
closing the extraction valve till it is 75% open & then reopens full
Feed water valve test
With heater test on & feed water valve selector on auto , test programme starts opening
FW bypass valve on Hi-Hi lvl (simulated) and after its reaching 25% open position starts
closing FW inlet , outlet to 75% open position & on successful operation restores back
inlet, outlet valves to full open & then bypass to close position.
HTR 6
51.9
356

422
280
49
295
275
0.1
5.9
280
49.08
STBFP
STBFP minimum speed 1180 rpm
coasting down after tripping from full load with vacuum 25 min
critical speed: 7550 rpm
Normal O/P with steam flow 11.43 kg/s 6038KW
Max O/P 8500 KW
Normal speed 5556 rpm
Max speed 5940 rpm
speed range 1180 - 5940 rpm
EHC operating range 1120 - 6160 rpm
MHC operationg range 2800 - 6160 rpm

Pressure
specified initial steam pr: 7.067 kg/cm2
Permissible deviation at no load operation: 7.42 kg/cm2
Permissible deviation instaneously for a total duration of 12 hrs p.
a.: 8.4 kg/cm2
Turb exhaust pr.: 0.122 kg/cm2

Primary oil vs speed


speed 4000 4500 5000 5500 6000 6075 6300 6400
Primary oil 1 1.3 1.58 1.96 2.25 2.38 2.48 2.55
Vacuum bkr 220DC swgr PNL 10 FDR 3
HPBP cabinet( CUA20)
power supply source 1 SSS A/R3-7B
power supply source 2 USS B/F27A
LPBP 2nd stage solenoid 220V DC/PNL 10 FDR 4
LPBP spray hdr vent v/v solenoid 220 V DC / PNL10-FDR 5