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DRY SEDIMENTATION POND

A. Determine overland flow time of concentration


CHECK Catchment Area = 5.5 ha

CHECK Overland slope = 0.8 %

CHECK Overland length = 190 m

CHECK Manning "n" = 0.02

COMPUTE Overland time, to = 9.63 min

COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration, tc = 10 min

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils
type = C

Table 39.5 for a 3 month ARI


CHECK Requiredsurface area = 333 m²/ha

CHECK Total Volume = 400 m³/ha

COMPUTE Site surface area required = 1,831.50 m²

COMPUTE Site total vomue required = 2,200.00 m³

i) Settling zone

COMPUTE Settling zone depth, y1 = 0.6 m

COMPUTE Required settling zone = 1,100.00 m³

CHECK Assume average width, W1 = 17 m

COMPUTE Required settling zone a. length, L1 = 107.84 m

COMPUTE Average surface area = 1,833.33 m²

Check settling zone dimensions

COMPUTE L1 / y1 = 179.74 < 200 OK

COMPUTE L1 / W1 = 6.34 >2 OK

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C Sediment Storage Zone

COMPUTE Required sediment storage volume = 1100 m³

CHECK For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2

COMPUTE .·. W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 15.8 m

COMPUTE .·. L2 = L1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 106.64 m

Required depth for the sediment storage

V2 = Z²(y2)³ - Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 )

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2


CHECK V2 0.6 923.68
CHECK 1100 0.7 1060.85
CHECK 0.73 1101.08 > 0.3 OK

D Overall Basin Dimensions

At top water level

COMPUTE WTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 18.2 m say 18 m

COMPUTE LTWL = L1 - 2 x Z x y1/2 106.6 m say 107 m

Base

COMPUTE WB = W1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 12.9 m say 13 m

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 103.7 m say 104 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 0.6 m

COMPUTE Sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.73 m

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E Sizing of outlet pipe

COMPUTE Total depth, y 1.33 m Cd = 0.6

COMPUTE Average surface area, Aav = 1,638.43 m²

Draining time, 24 hr after filling

Orifice area, ATOTAL


COMPUTE (2Aav x √y) /(tCd√2g) 0.0165 Equation 19.5, Volume 7

CHECK Using orifice size of 50 mm

COMPUTE Area of each orifice is, Ao = 0.00196 m²

Total number of orifice required,


COMPUTE ATOTAL / Ao = 8 nos

At height of increments of 300mm,


starting at the bottom of the pipes, put 2 rows 4 nos of 50 mm
orifices evenly around the pipe

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level must be set a minimum 300mm above the basin top water
level.
Parameter
tc = 10 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 5.5 ha
A 3.73
B 1.44 Fd from Table 13.3
C -0.4 Interpolate for 140mm
D 0.02 Fd = 1.048
From Equation 13,2
t=30 min, I30 = 136.648 mm/hr
P30 = 68.32 mm

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t=60 min, I60 = 92.833 mm/hr
P60 = 92.83 mm

Rainfall Intensity, I10 = [P30 - Fd(P60 - P30)] / (10/60)


255.83 mm/hr

From Chart 14.3, Runoff Coefficient, C = 0.84


Equation 14.7, Q10 = 3.28 m³/s

IF Equation 20.2 for Orifice flow


An orifice discharge coefficient of = 0.64
Outlet riser, perforated MS pipe = 0.9 m
Ho = 0.3 m

Qriser = Cd Ao √ 2 g Ho = 0.99 m³/s

Therefore Qspillway = Q10 - Qriser = 2.29 m³/s

From Equation 20.9, Qspillway = Csp B Hp^1.5


D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
5 0.5 1.65

Qspillway = 2.92 > 2.29 OK

Therefore, the total basin depth including


the spillway is = 2.13 m

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Volume 15,
n top water

for 140mm

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58925981.xls

WET SEDIMENTATION POND

A
CHECK Catchment Area = 5.2 ha

75th % 5-day storm event 40 mm

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils type = F clay

Table 39.6 for a 3 month ARI


CHECK Settling Zone Volume 200 m²/ha

CHECK Total Volume = 300 m³/ha

COMPUTE Settling Zone Volume = 1,040.00 m²

COMPUTE Total Volume 1560 m³

i) Settling zone

CHECK Settling zone depth, y1 = 0.6 m

COMPUTE Required settling zone = 1560 m³

CHECK Try settling zone average width, W1 = 30 m

COMPUTE The settling zone average length, L1 = 87 m

COMPUTE Average surface area = 2,600.00 m²

Check settling zone dimensions

COMPUTE L1 / y1 = 144.44 < 200 OK

COMPUTE L1 / W1 = 2.89 >2 OK

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C Sediment Storage Zone

COMPUTE Required sediment storage volume = 520 m³

CHECK For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2


Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are,
COMPUTE .·. W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 28.8 m

COMPUTE .·. L2 = L1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 85.47 m

Required depth for the sediment storage

V2 = Z³(y2)³ - Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 )

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2


CHECK V2 0.3 717.97 NOT OK
CHECK 520 0.4 948.27 OK
CHECK 0.35 833.68 > 0.3 OK

Taken, y2 = 0.35 m
D Overall Basin Dimensions

At top water level

COMPUTE WTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 31.2 m say 31 m

COMPUTE LTWL = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 87.9 m say 88 m

Base

COMPUTE WB = W1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 27.4 m say 27 m

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 84.1 m say 84 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 0.6 m

COMPUTE Sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.35 m

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58925981.xls

E Determine overland flow time of concentration


CHECK Catchment Area, A = 5.2 ha

n= 0.02

CHECK Overland slope, S = 0.03 %

CHECK Overland length, L = 870 m

COMPUTE tc = (107*n*L^1/3) / s^1/2 117.95 min

Assume velocity, v = 1 m/s

Drain length = 1275 m

td = velocity/drain length = 0 min

COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration, tc = 118 min

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.

Therefore, Qspillway = Q10

Parameter
tc = 118 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 5.2 ha
CHECK A 3.73 Fd = 0.88
CHECK B 1.44
CHECK C -0.4
CHECK D 0.02
COMPUTE From Equation 13,2
t=30 min, I30 = 136.648 mm/hr
P30 = 68.32 mm

CHECK t=60 min, I60 = 92.833 mm/hr


COMPUTE P60 = 92.83 mm

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58925981.xls

Rainfall Intensity, I12 = [P30 - Fd(P60 - P30)] / (13/60)


23.73 mm/hr

From Chart 14.3, Runoff Coefficient, C = 0.86 Category 4

Equation 14.7, Q10 = 0.29 m³/s


D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
3 0.35 1.55

COMPUTE Qspillway = 0.96 > 0.29 OK

Therefore, the total basin depth including


COMPUTE the spillway is = 1.6 m

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WET SEDIMENTATION POND

A
CHECK Catchment Area = 23.74 ha

75th % 5-day storm event 40 mm

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils type = F clay

Table 39.6 for a 3 month ARI


CHECK Settling Zone Volume 200 m²/ha

CHECK Total Volume = 300 m³/ha

COMPUTE Settling Zone Volume = 4,748.58 m²

COMPUTE Total Volume 7122.87 m³

i) Settling zone

CHECK Settling zone depth, y1 = 1.65 m

COMPUTE Required settling zone = 7122.87 m³

CHECK Try settling zone average width, W1 = 30 m

COMPUTE The settling zone average length, L1 = 144 m

COMPUTE Average surface area = 4,316.89 m²

Check settling zone dimensions

COMPUTE L1 / y1 = 87.21 < 200 OK

COMPUTE L1 / W1 = 4.80 >2 OK


C Sediment Storage Zone

COMPUTE Required sediment storage volume = 2374.29 m³

CHECK For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2


Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are,
COMPUTE .·. W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 26.7 m

COMPUTE .·. L2 = L1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 140.60 m

Required depth for the sediment storage

V2 = Z³(y2)³ - Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 )

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2


CHECK V2 1.2 4029.81 OK
CHECK 2374.29 0.6 2132.76 NOT OK
CHECK 0.7 2465.17 > 0.3 OK

Taken, y2 = 0.7 m
D Overall Basin Dimensions

At top water level

COMPUTE WTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 33.3 m say 33 m

COMPUTE LTWL = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 147.2 m say 147 m

Base

COMPUTE WB = W1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 23.9 m say 24 m

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 137.8 m say 138 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 1.65 m

COMPUTE Sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.7 m


Sedimentation storage required is (top)33mx(top)291m.
Sedimentation storage provided is (top)40mx(top)415m.

Provided storage is more than required storage


E Determine overland flow time of concentration
CHECK Catchment Area, A = 52 ha

n= 0.02

CHECK Overland slope, S = 0.05 %

CHECK Overland length, L = 870 m

COMPUTE tc = (107*n*L^1/3) / s^1/2 91.36 min

Assume velocity, v = 2 m/s

Drain length = 1275 m

td = velocity/drain length = 0 min

COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration, tc = 91 min

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.

Therefore, Qspillway = Q10

Parameter
tc = 91 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 52 ha
CHECK A 3.73 Fd = 0.88
CHECK B 1.44
CHECK C -0.4
CHECK D 0.02
COMPUTE From Equation 13,2
t=118 min, I118 = 69.646 mm/hr

From Chart 14.3, Runoff Coefficient, C = 0.52 Category 4

Equation 14.7, Q10 = 5.23 m³/s


D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
3 1.2 1.55

COMPUTE Qspillway = 6.11 > 5.23 OK


Therefore, the total basin depth including
COMPUTE the spillway is = 3.85 m

Size of the spillway is 3m x 1.2m


WET SEDIMENTATION POND

A
CHECK Catchment Area = 23.74 ha

75th % 5-day storm event 40 mm

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils type = F clay

Table 39.6 for a 3 month ARI


CHECK Settling Zone Volume 200 m²/ha

CHECK Total Volume = 300 m³/ha

COMPUTE Settling Zone Volume = 4,748.58 m²

COMPUTE Total Volume 7122.87 m³

i) Settling zone

CHECK Settling zone depth, y1 = 1.65 m

COMPUTE Required settling zone = 7122.87 m³

CHECK Try settling zone average width, W1 = 30 m

COMPUTE The settling zone average length, L1 = 144 m

COMPUTE Average surface area = 4,316.89 m²

Check settling zone dimensions

COMPUTE L1 / y1 = 87.21 < 200 OK

COMPUTE L1 / W1 = 4.80 >2 OK


C Sediment Storage Zone

COMPUTE Required sediment storage volume = 2374.29 m³

CHECK For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2


Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are,
COMPUTE .·. W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 26.7 m

COMPUTE .·. L2 = L1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 140.60 m

Required depth for the sediment storage

V2 = Z³(y2)³ - Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 )

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2


CHECK V2 1.2 4029.81 OK
CHECK 2374.29 0.6 2132.76 NOT OK
CHECK 0.7 2465.17 > 0.3 OK

Taken, y2 = 0.7 m
D Overall Basin Dimensions

At top water level

COMPUTE WTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 33.3 m say 33 m

COMPUTE LTWL = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 147.2 m say 147 m

Base

COMPUTE WB = W1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 23.9 m say 24 m

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 137.8 m say 138 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 1.65 m

COMPUTE Sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.7 m


Sedimentation storage required is (top)33mx(top)291m.
Sedimentation storage provided is (top)40mx(top)415m.

Provided storage is more than required storage


E Determine overland flow time of concentration
CHECK Catchment Area, A = 23.74 ha

n= 0.02

CHECK Overland slope, S = 0.05 %

CHECK Overland length, L = 870 m

COMPUTE tc = (107*n*L^1/3) / s^1/2 91.36 min

Assume velocity, v = 2 m/s

Drain length = 1275 m

td = velocity/drain length = 0 min

COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration, tc = 91 min

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.

Therefore, Qspillway = Q10

Parameter
tc = 91 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 23.74 ha
CHECK A 3.73 Fd = 0.88
CHECK B 1.44
CHECK C -0.4
CHECK D 0.02
COMPUTE From Equation 13,2
t=91 min, I91 = 69.646 mm/hr

From Chart 14.3, Runoff Coefficient, C = 0.52 Category 4

Equation 14.7, Q10 = 2.39 m³/s


D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
3 1.2 1.55

COMPUTE Qspillway = 6.11 > 2.39 OK


Therefore, the total basin depth including
COMPUTE the spillway is = 3.85 m

Size of the spillway is 3m x 1.2m


WET SEDIMENTATION POND

A
CHECK Catchment Area = 11.87 ha

75th % 5-day storm event 40 mm

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils type = F clay

Table 39.6 for a 3 month ARI


CHECK Settling Zone Volume 200 m²/ha

CHECK Total Volume = 300 m³/ha

COMPUTE Settling Zone Volume = 2,374.70 m²

COMPUTE Total Volume 3562.05 m³

i) Settling zone

CHECK Settling zone depth, y1 = 1.65 m

COMPUTE Required settling zone = 3562.05 m³

CHECK Try settling zone average width, W1 = 30 m

COMPUTE The settling zone average length, L1 = 72 m

COMPUTE Average surface area = 2,158.82 m²

Check settling zone dimensions

COMPUTE L1 / y1 = 43.61 < 200 OK

COMPUTE L1 / W1 = 2.40 >2 OK


C Sediment Storage Zone

COMPUTE Required sediment storage volume = 1187.35 m³

CHECK For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2


Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are,
COMPUTE .·. W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 26.7 m

COMPUTE .·. L2 = L1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 68.66 m

Required depth for the sediment storage

V2 = Z³(y2)³ - Z (y2)² (W2 + L2) + y2 ( W2 x L2 )

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2


CHECK V2 1.2 1932.16 OK
CHECK 1187.35 0.6 1032.15 NOT OK
CHECK 0.7 1191.19 > 0.3 OK

Taken, y2 = 0.7 m
D Overall Basin Dimensions

At top water level

COMPUTE WTWL = W1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 33.3 m say 33 m

COMPUTE LTWL = L1 + 2 x Z x y1/2 75.3 m say 75 m

Base

COMPUTE WB = W1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 23.9 m say 24 m

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 65.9 m say 66 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 1.65 m

COMPUTE Sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.7 m


Sedimentation storage required is (top)33mx(top)291m.
Sedimentation storage provided is (top)40mx(top)415m.

Provided storage is more than required storage


E Determine overland flow time of concentration
CHECK Catchment Area, A = 11.87 ha

n= 0.02

CHECK Overland slope, S = 0.05 %

CHECK Overland length, L = 870 m

COMPUTE tc = (107*n*L^1/3) / s^1/2 91.36 min

Assume velocity, v = 2 m/s

Drain length = 1275 m

td = velocity/drain length = 0 min

COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration, tc = 91 min

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.

Therefore, Qspillway = Q10

Parameter
tc = 91 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 11.87 ha
CHECK A 3.73 Fd = 0.88
CHECK B 1.44
CHECK C -0.4
CHECK D 0.02
COMPUTE From Equation 13,2
t=118 min, I118 = 69.646 mm/hr

From Chart 14.3, Runoff Coefficient, C = 0.52 Category 4

Equation 14.7, Q10 = 1.19 m³/s


D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
3 1.2 1.55

COMPUTE Qspillway = 6.11 > 1.19 OK


Therefore, the total basin depth including
COMPUTE the spillway is = 3.85 m

Size of the spillway is 3m x 1.2m