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DRY SEDIMENTATION POND

A. Determine overland flow time of concentration

CHECK Catchment Area = 5.5 ha

COMPUTE Adopted time of concentration, tc = 10 min

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils
type = C

Table 39.5 for a 3 month ARI

CHECK Requiredsurface area = 333 m²/ha

i) Settling zone

COMPUTE L1 / W1 = 6.34 >2 OK

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C Sediment Storage Zone

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2

CHECK V2 0.6 923.68
CHECK 1100 0.7 1060.85
CHECK 0.73 1101.08 > 0.3 OK

Base

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 103.7 m say 104 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 0.6 m

COMPUTE Sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.73 m

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E Sizing of outlet pipe

Orifice area, ATOTAL

COMPUTE (2Aav x √y) /(tCd√2g) 0.0165 Equation 19.5, Volume 7

Total number of orifice required,

COMPUTE ATOTAL / Ao = 8 nos

At height of increments of 300mm,

starting at the bottom of the pipes, put 2 rows 4 nos of 50 mm
orifices evenly around the pipe

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level must be set a minimum 300mm above the basin top water
level.
Parameter
tc = 10 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 5.5 ha
A 3.73
B 1.44 Fd from Table 13.3
C -0.4 Interpolate for 140mm
D 0.02 Fd = 1.048
From Equation 13,2
t=30 min, I30 = 136.648 mm/hr
P30 = 68.32 mm

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t=60 min, I60 = 92.833 mm/hr
P60 = 92.83 mm

255.83 mm/hr

From Chart 14.3, Runoff Coefficient, C = 0.84

Equation 14.7, Q10 = 3.28 m³/s

IF Equation 20.2 for Orifice flow

An orifice discharge coefficient of = 0.64
Outlet riser, perforated MS pipe = 0.9 m
Ho = 0.3 m

From Equation 20.9, Qspillway = Csp B Hp^1.5

D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
5 0.5 1.65

Therefore, the total basin depth including

the spillway is = 2.13 m

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Volume 15,
n top water

for 140mm

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58925981.xls

WET SEDIMENTATION POND

A
CHECK Catchment Area = 5.2 ha

75th % 5-day storm event 40 mm

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils type = F clay

Table 39.6 for a 3 month ARI

CHECK Settling Zone Volume 200 m²/ha

i) Settling zone

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58925981.xls

CHECK For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2

Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are,
COMPUTE .·. W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 28.8 m

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2

CHECK V2 0.3 717.97 NOT OK
CHECK 520 0.4 948.27 OK
CHECK 0.35 833.68 > 0.3 OK

Taken, y2 = 0.35 m
D Overall Basin Dimensions

Base

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 84.1 m say 84 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 0.6 m

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58925981.xls

E Determine overland flow time of concentration

CHECK Catchment Area, A = 5.2 ha

n= 0.02

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.

Therefore, Qspillway = Q10

Parameter
tc = 118 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 5.2 ha
CHECK A 3.73 Fd = 0.88
CHECK B 1.44
CHECK C -0.4
CHECK D 0.02
COMPUTE From Equation 13,2
t=30 min, I30 = 136.648 mm/hr
P30 = 68.32 mm

CHECK t=60 min, I60 = 92.833 mm/hr

COMPUTE P60 = 92.83 mm

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23.73 mm/hr

Equation 14.7, Q10 = 0.29 m³/s

D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
3 0.35 1.55

Therefore, the total basin depth including

COMPUTE the spillway is = 1.6 m

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WET SEDIMENTATION POND

A
CHECK Catchment Area = 23.74 ha

75th % 5-day storm event 40 mm

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils type = F clay

Table 39.6 for a 3 month ARI

CHECK Settling Zone Volume 200 m²/ha

i) Settling zone

COMPUTE L1 / W1 = 4.80 >2 OK

C Sediment Storage Zone

CHECK For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2

Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are,
COMPUTE .·. W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 26.7 m

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2

CHECK V2 1.2 4029.81 OK
CHECK 2374.29 0.6 2132.76 NOT OK
CHECK 0.7 2465.17 > 0.3 OK

Taken, y2 = 0.7 m
D Overall Basin Dimensions

Base

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 137.8 m say 138 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 1.65 m

COMPUTE Sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.7 m

Sedimentation storage required is (top)33mx(top)291m.
Sedimentation storage provided is (top)40mx(top)415m.

Provided storage is more than required storage

E Determine overland flow time of concentration
CHECK Catchment Area, A = 52 ha

n= 0.02

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.

Therefore, Qspillway = Q10

Parameter
tc = 91 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 52 ha
CHECK A 3.73 Fd = 0.88
CHECK B 1.44
CHECK C -0.4
CHECK D 0.02
COMPUTE From Equation 13,2
t=118 min, I118 = 69.646 mm/hr

Equation 14.7, Q10 = 5.23 m³/s

D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
3 1.2 1.55

COMPUTE Qspillway = 6.11 > 5.23 OK

Therefore, the total basin depth including
COMPUTE the spillway is = 3.85 m

Size of the spillway is 3m x 1.2m

WET SEDIMENTATION POND

A
CHECK Catchment Area = 23.74 ha

75th % 5-day storm event 40 mm

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils type = F clay

Table 39.6 for a 3 month ARI

CHECK Settling Zone Volume 200 m²/ha

i) Settling zone

COMPUTE L1 / W1 = 4.80 >2 OK

C Sediment Storage Zone

CHECK For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2

Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are,
COMPUTE .·. W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 26.7 m

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2

CHECK V2 1.2 4029.81 OK
CHECK 2374.29 0.6 2132.76 NOT OK
CHECK 0.7 2465.17 > 0.3 OK

Taken, y2 = 0.7 m
D Overall Basin Dimensions

Base

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 137.8 m say 138 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 1.65 m

COMPUTE Sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.7 m

Sedimentation storage required is (top)33mx(top)291m.
Sedimentation storage provided is (top)40mx(top)415m.

Provided storage is more than required storage

E Determine overland flow time of concentration
CHECK Catchment Area, A = 23.74 ha

n= 0.02

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.

Therefore, Qspillway = Q10

Parameter
tc = 91 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 23.74 ha
CHECK A 3.73 Fd = 0.88
CHECK B 1.44
CHECK C -0.4
CHECK D 0.02
COMPUTE From Equation 13,2
t=91 min, I91 = 69.646 mm/hr

Equation 14.7, Q10 = 2.39 m³/s

D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
3 1.2 1.55

COMPUTE Qspillway = 6.11 > 2.39 OK

Therefore, the total basin depth including
COMPUTE the spillway is = 3.85 m

Size of the spillway is 3m x 1.2m

WET SEDIMENTATION POND

A
CHECK Catchment Area = 11.87 ha

75th % 5-day storm event 40 mm

B Sizing sendimentation

Table 39.4
CHECK Soils type = F clay

Table 39.6 for a 3 month ARI

CHECK Settling Zone Volume 200 m²/ha

i) Settling zone

COMPUTE L1 / W1 = 2.40 >2 OK

C Sediment Storage Zone

CHECK For a side slope Z = 2(H):1(V) 2

Dimensions at the top of the sediment storage zone are,
COMPUTE .·. W2 = W1 - 2 d1/2 x Z 26.7 m

Trial and error to find y2 y2 V2

CHECK V2 1.2 1932.16 OK
CHECK 1187.35 0.6 1032.15 NOT OK
CHECK 0.7 1191.19 > 0.3 OK

Taken, y2 = 0.7 m
D Overall Basin Dimensions

Base

COMPUTE LB = L1 - 2 x Z x (y1/2 + y2) 65.9 m say 66 m

Depth:
COMPUTE Settling Zone, y1 = 1.65 m

COMPUTE Sediment storage zone, y2 = 0.7 m

Sedimentation storage required is (top)33mx(top)291m.
Sedimentation storage provided is (top)40mx(top)415m.

Provided storage is more than required storage

E Determine overland flow time of concentration
CHECK Catchment Area, A = 11.87 ha

n= 0.02

F Sizing of emergency spillway

The emergency spillway must be designed for a 10 year ARI flood (see MSMA, Volume 15,
Section 39.7.6c) The sill level is set at the basin top water level.

Therefore, Qspillway = Q10

Parameter
tc = 91 min
For Penang, 10 year ARI Area, A = 11.87 ha
CHECK A 3.73 Fd = 0.88
CHECK B 1.44
CHECK C -0.4
CHECK D 0.02
COMPUTE From Equation 13,2
t=118 min, I118 = 69.646 mm/hr

Equation 14.7, Q10 = 1.19 m³/s

D.Chart 20.2
Trial Dimension, B Hp Csp
3 1.2 1.55

COMPUTE Qspillway = 6.11 > 1.19 OK

Therefore, the total basin depth including
COMPUTE the spillway is = 3.85 m