You are on page 1of 113

COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY


ANAND-388 001(INDIA)

COURSES FOR THE POST – GRADUATE PROGRAMME


(VETERINARY SCIENCE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY)

Dr.J.V.SOLANKI Dr.K.S.PRAJAPATI
DEAN & PRINCIPAL PROFESSOR I /C P.G.T.C
CONTENTS

Sr. Page
Subject
No. Nos.
COURSE DESCRIPTION
1. Anatomy 22
2. Animal Genetic and Breeding 26
3. Animal Nutrition 32
4. Animal Physiology & Biochemistry 36
5. Livestock Production 41
6. Reproductive Biology 46
7. Veterinary Microbiology 51
8. Veterinary Medicine 56
9. Veterinary Obstetrics & Gynaecology 60
10. Veterinary Parasitology 64
11. Veterinary Pathology 68
12. Veterinary Pharmacology 71
13. Veterinary Surgery 75
14. Veterinary Public Health 78
15 Poultry Science 82
16 Animal Biotechnology 91
17 Veterinary Extension Education 97

2
Course Credits

Sr.
Course No. Title Credits
No.
1. 2. 3. 4.
1 ANATOMY
1. ANA-801 Comparative Anatomy 2+1
2. ANA-802 Bovine Anatomy 2+2
3. ANA-803 Equine Anatomy 2+2
4. ANA-804 Canine Anatomy 1+2
5. ANA-805 Avian Anatomy 1+1

6. ANA-806 Regional Anatomy 1+1


7. ANA-807 Anatomy of the laboratory Animals 1+1
8. ANA-808 Anatomy of the Reproductive Organs of Domestic Animal 1+1
9. ANA-809 Vertebrate Embryology 3+1
10. ANA-810 General Histology 2+1
11. ANA-811 Special Histology 2+1
12. ANA-812 Radiological Anatomy 1+1
13. ANA-813 Anatomical Techniques 0+2
14. ANA-814 Anatomy of the Digestive System 2+1
15. ANA-815 Organogeny 2+1
16. ANA-816 Advances in Embryology 1+0
17. ANA-817 Principles of Embryology 1+1
18. ANA-818 Advanced Histochemistry 2+1
19. ANA-819 Fine Structure of Cell and Animal Tissue 1+0
20. ANA-820 Endocrine Anatomy 1+1
21. ANA-821 Gerontological Anatomy of Animal Tissue 1+0
22. ANA-822 Anatomy of the mammary gland 1+1
23. ANA-823 Neuroanatomy 2+1
24. ANA-899 Special Problem 2+0
25. ANA-900 Seminar 1+0

3
Sr.
Course No. Title Credits
No.
1. 2. 3. 4.
2 ANIMAL GENETICS & BREEDING
1. AGB-801 Fundamental Genetics 3+0
2. AGB-802 Genetic Laboratory Techniques 0+1
3. AGB-803 Animal Cytogenetics 2+0
4. AGB-804 Genetic Aspects of Blood Groups and Biochemical 2+0
polymorphism
5. AGB-805 Population Genetics as Related to Animal Breeding 2+0
6 AGB-806 Quantitative Genetics as Related to Animal 2+0
Breeding
7 AGB-807 Genetics Aspects of Disease Resistance 2+0

8. AGB-808 Principles of Animal Breeding – I 2+0


9. AGB-809 Livestock and Poultry Breeding 2+0
10. AGB-810 Laboratory Animal Breeding 2+0
11. AGB-811 Preliminary Procedure in Animal Breeding 0+2
12. AGB-812 Advanced Procedures in Animal Breeding 0+3
13. AGB-813 Principles of Animal Breeding – II 3+0
14. AGB-814 Principles and Procedures for Sire Evaluation 1+1
15. AGB-815 Dairy Cattle Breeding – I 2+0
16. AGB-816 Diary Cattle Breeding – II 2+0
17. AGB-817 Advanced Dairy Cattle Breeding 3+0
18. AGB-818 Sheep and Swine Breeding – I 2+0
19. AGB-819 Sheep and Swine Breeding – II 2+0
20. AGB-820 Advanced Sheep Breeding 3+0
21. AGB-821 Poultry Breeding – I 2+0
22. AGB-822 Poultry Breeding – II 2+0
23. AGB-823 Advanced Poultry Breeding 3+0
24. AGB-899 Special Problem 2+0
25 AGB-900 Seminar 1+0

4
3 ANIMAL NUTRITION
1. AN - 801 Principles of Animal Nutrition – I 2+0
2. AN - 802 Principles of Animal Nutrition – II 0+2
3. AN - 803 Research Methods in Animal Nutrition – I 3+0
4. AN - 804 Research Methods in Animal Nutrition – II 0+3
5. AN - 805 Research Methods in Animal Nutrition – III 0+3
6. AN - 806 Rumen Nutrition 2+0
7. AN - 807 Biochemistry of Nutrition – I 3+0
8. AN - 808 Energy Metabolism 3+0
9. AN - 809 Physiology of Vitamins, minerals and Enzymes 3+1
10. AN - 810 Dairy Cattle Nutrition – I 3+1
11. AN - 811 Dairy Cattle Nutrition – II 3+0
12. AN - 812 Sheep and Goat Nutrition 3+0
13. AN - 813 Principles of Poultry Nutrition 3+0
14. AN - 814 Applied Poultry Nutrition 3+0
15. AN - 815 Feed Processing & Technology 3+1
16. AN - 816 Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition 3+0
17. AN - 817 Swine Nutrition 3+0
18. AN - 818 Nutrition of Camel, Horse and Donkey 3+1
19. AN - 899 Special Problem 2+0
20. AN - 900 Seminar 1+0

5
4 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
1. APHB - 801 Cell Physiology and Biophysics 2+1
2. APHB – 802 Blood and Body Fluids 2+1
3. APHB – 803 Physiology of Blood Circulation and Respiration 2+1
4. APHB – 804 Digestion and Absorption of Food 2+1
5. APHB – 805 Physiology of Vitamins, Minerals and Enzymes 3+1

6. APHB – 806 Energy Metabolism 3+0


7. APHB – 807 General Endocrinology 3+1
8. APHB – 808 Metabolic Disorders and their Biochemistry 1+1
9. APHB – 809 Molecule Physiology
10. APHB – 810 General Physiology3+1 3+1
11. APHB – 811 Avian Physiology 2+1
12. APHB – 812 Rumen Physiology 2+1
13. APHB – 813 Nervous System, Muscular System and Special 2+1
Senses
14. APHB – 814 Physiology of Growth, Reproduction and Lactation 3+1
15. APHB – 815 Physiology of Adaptation and stress 2+0
16. APHB – 816 Physiological and Biochemical Techniques 0+2
17. APHB – 817 Physiology of Reproduction (General) 3+0
18. APHB – 818 Comparative Physiology of Reproduction in 3+1
Domestic Animals and Birds.
19. APHB – 819 Endocrinology of Reproduction 2+1
20. APHB – 820 Physiology of Gestation and Parturition 2+1
21. APHB – 821 Physiology of Milk secretion 2+0
22. APHB – 822 Biology of Semen 1+1
23. APHB – 823 Applied Reproduction 2+1
24. APHB – 824 Anatomy of Reproductive Organs of Domestic 1+1
Animals
25. APHB – 825 Perinatal Physiology 2+1
26. APHB – 826 Advanced Endocrinology 2+0
27. APHB – 827 Clinical Biochemistry 1+1
28. APHB – 828 Production Physiology 2+1
29. APHB – 829 Avian production Physiology 2+1

6
30. APHB – 830 Environmental Physiology 2+1
31. APHB – 831 Animal Biochemistry 2+1
32. APHB – 899 Special Problem 2+0
33. APHB – 900 Seminar 1+0

7
5. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION
1. LP – 801 Principles of Animal Production 3+1
2. LP – 802 Dairy Cattle Production – I 2+1
3. LP – 803 Dairy Cattle Production – II 2+1
4. LP – 804 Sheep Production – I 2+1
5. LP – 805 Sheep Production – II 3+0
6. LP – 806 Swine production 3+0
7. LP – 807 Livestock Buildings and Equipment 2+0
8. LP – 808 Lactation and milking Management 2+0
9. LP – 809 Breeding Management of Livestock 2+0
10. LP – 810 Livestock Marketing 2+0
11. LP – 811 Farm Poultry Production 2+1
12. LP – 812 Hatchery and its Management 2+1
13. LP – 813 Management of Growing, Laying and Meat Birds 3+0
14. LP – 814 Poultry Building and Equipments 2+1
15. LP – 815 Poultry Products 2+0
16. LP – 816 Poultry Processing 2+0
17. LP – 817 Economics of Livestock Production & Marketing 2+1
18. LP – 818 Forage Crop production 2+1
19. LP – 899 Special Problem 2+0
20. LP – 900 Seminar 1+0

8
6. REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY
1. RB – 801 Endocrinology of Reproduction 2+1
2. RB – 802 Reproduction Physiology 2+1
3. RB – 803 Hormones in Pregnancy and Lactation 2+1
4. RB – 804 Comparative Endocrinology 1+1
5. RB – 805 Research Techniques – I 1+1
6. RB – 806 Research Techniques – II 1+2
7. RB – 807 Biology of Semen 1+1
8. RB – 808 Cell Biology 1+1
9. RB – 809 Neuroendocrinology 2+1
10. RB – 810 Developmental Biology 2+2
11. RB – 811 Applied Reproduction 2+1
12 RB – 812 Structure and Function of Reproductive Hormones 2+0

13. RB – 813 Anatomy of Reproductive Organs of Domestic 1+1


Animals
14. RB – 814 Pathology of Reproductive Diseases 1+1
15. RB – 815 Avian Physiology 2 +1
16. RB – 816 Endocrine Pharmacology 2+0
17. RB – 817 General Endocrinology 3+1
18. RB – 818 Advanced Studies in Artificial Insemination and 2+2
Frozen Semen Technology
19. RB – 819 Lactation and Milking Management 2+0
20. RB – 820 Reproductive Biology of the Water Buffalo 2+1
21. RB – 821 Reproduction in Goats 1+1
22. RB – 822 Gamete Biology and Fertilization 2+2
23. RB – 823 Environment, Pollution and Reproduction 1+1
24. RB – 824 Immuno Reproduction 1+1
25. RB – 899 Special Problem 2+0
26. RB – 900 Seminar 1+0

9
7. VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY
1. VMI – 801 Techniques in Veterinary Microbiology 1+1
2. VMI – 802 Pathogenic Bacteriology – I 2+1
3. VMI – 803 Pathogenic Bacteriology – II 1+1
4. VMI – 804 Pathogenic Mycology 1+1
5. VMI – 805 Advanced Virology 2+1
6. VMI – 806 Pathogenic Viruses 2+1
7. VMI – 807 Advanced Immonology 2+1
8. VMI – 808 Microbiology of Mastitis 1+1
9. VMI – 809 Microbiology of Genital Infection of Animals 1+1
10. VMI – 810 Microbial Infections of Poultry 1+1
11. VMI – 811 Microbial Infections of Sheep 1+1
12 VMI - 812 Microbial Physiology 1+1
13. VMI - 813 Antimicrobial Agents 1+1
14. VMI - 814 Microbial Toxins 1+1
15. VMI - 815 Bacterial Genetics 1+1
16. VMI - 816 Enterobacteriaceae 1+1
17. VMI - 817 Biological Products 1+1
18. VMI - 818 Use of Laboratory Animals in Diagnostic 1+1
Microbiology
19. VMI - 819 Disease Surveillance 3+0
20. VMI - 820 Advances in Zoo noses 3+1
21. VMI - 821 Food borne and Water Borne Diseases 3+1
22. VMI - 822 Meat and Milk Borne Diseases 2+1
23. VMI - 823 Genetics of Microorganisms 3+0
24. VMI - 824 Laboratory Techniques in Microbiology 0+3
25. VMI - 899 Special Problem 2+0
26 VMI-900 Seminar 1+0

10
8 VETERINARY MEDICINE
1. VM - 801 History and Orientation of Veterinary Medicine 1+0
2. VM - 802 Diagnostic Techniques and their Interpretations in 2+1
Veterinary Medicine
3. VM - 803 Management of Sick Animals 1+1
4. VM - 804 Systemic Diseases of Cattle and 3+1
Buffaloes – I
5. VM - 805 Systemic Diseases of Cattle and 3+1
Buffaloes – II
6. VM - 806 Diseases of Dairy Animals 2+1
7. VM - 807 Deficiency Diseases in Animals 2+1
8. VM - 808 Diseases of New Born Animals 1+1
9. VM - 809 Diseases of Dogs and Cats 2+1
10. VM - 810 Diseases of Poultry 3+1
11. VM - 811 Diseases of Exotic and Cross Bred Animals 2+1
12. VM - 812 Diseases caused by Poisonous Substances 2+1
13 VM- 813 Control of Epidemic Diseases (2+0)

14 VM-814 Infectious Diseases of Farm Animals -I (3+1)


15 VM-815 Diseases of Farm Animals (3+1)
16 VM-816 Caprine and Ovine Diseases (2+1)
17 VM-817 Equine Diseases (2+1)
18 VM-818 Diseases of Pigs (2+1)
19 VM-819 Veterinary Jurisprudence and Ethics (1+1)
20 VM-820 Management of Captive Animals in Health and (2+1)
Disease
21 VM-821 Diseases of Camels (2+1)
22 VM – 822 Techno Economic Aspects of Diseases (1+1)
23 VM – 823 Computers in Medicine 1+1
24 VM – 824 Diseases of Laboratory Animals 2+1
25 VM – 899 Special Problem 2+0
26 VM – 900 Seminar 1+0

11
9. VETERINARY OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY
1. VOBG - 801 General Gynaecology and Andrology. 3+1
2. VOBG - 802 Growth, Puberty and Sexual Maturity in Farm 2+0
Animals
3. VOBG - 803 Gestation and Placentation in Farm Animals 1+1
4. VOBG - 804 Parturition, Involution and Puerperium 1+1
5. VOBG - 805 Infertility in Domestic Animals 3+1
6. VOBG - 806 Clinical Diagnosis and Therapeutic Techniques in 1+2
Gynaecology and Andrology
7. VOBG - 807 Infertility in Small Animals 2+1
8. VOBG - 808 Embryo Transfer Technique in Farm Animals 1+1
9. VOBG - 809 Veterinary Obstetrics 2+2
10. VOBG - 810 Accidents and Diseases during Pregnancy, 3+1
Parturition and Puerperium
11. VOBG – 811 Sexual Behaviour in Male and Artificial 3+1
Insemination
12. VOBG – 812 Infertility in Male Domestic Animals 1+1
13. VOBG – 813 Advanced studies in Infectious Forms of Infertility 2+1
in Domestic Animals
14. VOBG – 814 Advanced studies in Non-Infectious Forms of 2+1
Infertility in Domestic Animals
15. VOBG – 815 Advanced Studies in Veterinary Obstetrics 2+1
16. VOBG – 816 Advanced Studies in Andrology 2+1
17. VOBG – 817 Advanced Studies in Artificial Insemination and 2+2
Frozen Semen Technology
18. VOBG – 899 Special Problem 2+0
19. VOBG – 900 Seminar 1+0

12
10 VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY
1. PAR – 801 Protozoology 2+1
2. PAR – 802 Advanced Protozoology 2+1
3. PAR – 803 Advanced Trematodology and Cestodology 2+1
4. PAR – 804 Advanced Nematodology 2+1
5. PAR – 805 Advanced Entomology 2+1
6. PAR – 806 Acarology – I (Parasitic Acarines –I) 2+1
7. PAR – 807 Advanced Acarology (Parasitic Acarines –II) 2+1
8. PAR – 808 Clinical Parasitology 1+2
9. PAR – 809 Techniques in Parasitology 1+2
10. PAR – 810 Control of Livestock Parasites 1+1
11. PAR – 811 Immunity to Helminths 3+1
12. PAR – 812 Immunity to Protozoa 2+1
13. PAR – 813 Ovine and Caprine Parasitology 2+1
14. PAR – 814 Bovine and Came line Parasitology 2+1
15. PAR – 815 Canine and Feline Parasitology 2+1
16. PAR – 816 Avian Parasitology 2+1
17. PAR – 817 Parasitic Zoo noses 3+1
18. PAR – 899 Special Problem 0+2
19. PAR – 900 Seminar 1+0

13
11 VETERINARY PATHOLOGY
1. VPAT - 801 General Pathology Including Oncology 2+1
2. VPAT – 802 Systemic Pathology – I 2+1
3. VPAT – 803 Systemic Pathology – II 2+1
4. VPAT – 804 Clinical Pathology 1+2
5. VPAT – 805 Poultry Pathology 2+1
6. VPAT – 806 Pathology of Diseases of Domestic Ruminants 2+1
7. VPAT – 807 Pathology of Diseases of Domestic Non-Ruminants 2+1
8. VPAT – 808 Pathology of Diseases of Sheep and Goats 1+1
9. VPAT – 809 Pathology of Diseases of Horses, Camels and Pigs 1+1
10. VPAT – 810 Pathology of Diseases of Dogs and Cats 1+1
11. VPAT – 811 Pathology of Diseases of Laboratory Animals 1+1
12. VPAT – 812 Pathology of Diseases of Wild Animals Including 1+1
Zoo Animals
13. VPAT – 813 Pathology of Reproductive Diseases 1+1
14. VPAT – 814 Pathology of Surgical Disorders 1+1
15. VPAT – 815 Pathology of Parasitic Diseases 1+1
16. VPAT – 816 Pathology of Bacterial and Fungal Diseases 1+1
17. VPAT – 817 Pathology of Viral, Rickettsial and Chlamydial 1+1
Diseases
18. VPAT – 818 Pathology of Nutritional Diseases and Metabolic 1+1
Disorders
19. VPAT – 819 Pathology of Poisons and Toxic Plants 1+1
20. VPAT – 820 Diagnostic Pathology 0+2
21. VPAT – 821 Techniques in Veterinary Pathology 0+2
22 VPAT-899 Special Problem 2+0
23. VPAT – 900 Seminar 1+0

14
12. VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY
1. VPA - 801 General Pharmacology 2+1
2. VPA - 802 General Toxicology 2+1
3. VPA - 803 Pharmacokinetics 1+1
4. VPA - 804 Neuropharmacology 2+1
5. VPA - 805 Techniques in Toxicology 1+0
6. VPA - 806 Pharmacology of Gastro – Intestinal Tract 1+1
7. VPA - 807 Pharmacology of Indigenous Drugs 1+1
8. VPA - 808 Renal Pharmacology 1+1
9. VPA - 809 Endocrine Pharmacology 1+1
10 VPA - 810 Nutritional Pharmacology 1+0
11. VPA - 811 Pharmacology of Autacoids 1+1
12. VPA - 812 Chemotherapy 2+1
13. VPA - 813 Chemotherapy of Parasitic Disease 1+0
14. VPA - 814 Cardicvascular Pharmacology 1+1
15. VPA - 815 Autonomic Pharmacology 2+1
16. VPA - 816 Advanced Toxicology 2+1
17. VPA - 817 Metabolism of Drugs and Xenobiotics 2+1
18. VPA - 899 Special Problem 2+0
19. VPA - 900 Seminar 1+0

15
13 VETERINARY SURGERY
1. VSUR - 801 Abdominal Surgery 1+2
2. VSUR - 802 Thoracic Surgery 1+2
3. VSUR - 803 Management of Surgical Patients 2+2
4. VSUR - 804 General Surgery 2+1
5. VSUR - 805 Experimental Surgery 1+2
6. VSUR - 806 Surgery of Small animals 2+2
7. VSUR - 807 Orthopaedic Surgery 1+2
8. VSUR - 808 Anaesthesiology General 2+1
9. VSUR - 809 Anaesthesiology Special 2+1
10. VSUR - 810 Radiology 2+1
11. VSUR - 811 Advanced Radiology 2+1
12. VSUR - 812 Veterinary Opthalmology 2+1
13. VSUR - 813 Veterinary Physio and Electrotherapy 1+1
14. VSUR - 814 Urogenital Surgery in Large Animals 2+1
15. VSUR - 899 Special Problem 2+0
16. VSUR - 900 Seminar 1+0

16
14 VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH
1. VPH - 801 Veterinary Public Health and its Significance 2+0
2. VPH - 802 Advances in Zoonoses 3+1
3. VPH - 803 Diseases Surveillance 3+0
4. VPH - 804 Occupational Health 2+1
5. VPH - 805 Environmental Pollution 3+1
6. VPH - 806 Ecology of Zoo and Wild Animals in Zoonoses 2+1
7. VPH - 807 Food borne and Water borne Diseases 3+1
8. VPH - 808 Public Health Diagnosis 1+2
9. VPH - 809 Food Preservation 2+1
10. VPH - 810 Abattoir and Meat Inspection 2+1
11. VPH - 811 Meat & Milk borne Diseases 2+1
12. VPH - 812 Advances in Poultry Products Technology 2+1
13. VPH - 813 Advances in Meat and Meat Products Technology 2+1
14. VPH - 814 Livestock and Poultry By – products 2+0
15. VPH - 899 Special Problem 2+0
16. VPH - 900 Seminar 1+0

17
15 POULTRY SCIENCE
1 PSC-801 Farm Poultry Production 2+1
2 PSC-802 Hatchery and its Management 2+1
3 PSC-803 Management of Growing: Laying and Meat Birds 3+0
4 PSC-804 Poultry Building and Equipments 2+1
5 PSC-805 Poultry Production 2+0
6 PSC-806 Poultry Processing 2+0
7 PSC-807 Management of Layer and Broiler Breeders 2+1
8 PSC-808 Management of Dusk ,Quail and Turkey 2+1
9 PSC-809 Management of guinea fowl and geese 2+1
10 PSC-810 Poultry Production Technology-Eggs 2+1
11 PSC-811 Poultry Production Technology-Meat 2+1
12 PSC-812 Management of disposal of Poultry Waste 2+1
13 PSC-813 Artificial Insemination in Poultry 1+1
14 PSC-814 Conservation of Poultry germ plasm and Rural 1+1
Poultry Farming
15 PSC-815 Management of stress in Poultry 2+1
16 PSC-816 Commercial Poultry Farming 2+0
17 PSC-817 Recent advances in Poultry Production and 2+1
Management
18 PSC-818 Crisis and Disaster Management in Poultry industry 1+1
19 PSC-819 Selection Methods 2+1
20 PSC-820 Avian molecular genetics 1+1
21 PSC-899 Special Problems 2+0
22 PSC-900 Seminar 1+0
23 PSC 821 Poultry Breeding-I 2+0
24 PSC 822 Poultry Breeding-II 2+0
25 PSC 823 Advanced Poultry Breeding 3+0
26 PSC 824 Applied Poultry Nutrition 3+0
27 PSC 825 Feed Processing and Technology 3+1
28 PSC 826 Poultry Pathology 2+1
29 PSC 827 Avian Parasitology 2+1

18
30 PSC 828 Diseases of Poultry 3+1
31 PSC 829 Avian Physiology 2+1
32 PSC 830 Physiology of adaptation and stress 2+0

19
16 ANIMAL BIOTECNOLOGY
1 AnBT-101 Molecular Genetics 2+1
2 AnBT-102 Molecular Biology 1+1
3 AnBT-103 Cell Biology 1+1
4 AnBT-104 Genetic Engineering-Principles & Methods 2+1
5 AnBT-105 Bioinformatics 1+1
6 AnBT-900 Seminar 1+0
7 AnBT-801 Animal tissue Culture 1+2
8 AnBT-802 Analytical Methods in Animal Biotechnology 0+2
9 AnBT-803 Biotechnology for Livestock Productivity 1+0
10 AnBT-804 Animal Cytogentic Techniques in Animal 2+1
Production
11 AnBT-805 Molecular Genetic Techniques in Livestock 2+1
Improvement
12 AnBT-806 Rumen Ecosystem and Manipulation 1+1
13 AnBT-807 Animal Reproduction Technology 2+1
14 AnBT-808 Genome Analysis in Farm Animals 2+1
15 AnBT-809 Biopharma accedes and Biotherapeutics 2+1
16 AnBT-810 Biotechnological Methods in Vaccine Production 2+1
and Diagnosis
17 AnBT-899 Special Problem 0+2

20
VETERINARY EXTENSION

17 Major Courses 20-25 Credits


A.1 Core Courses 12 Credits
Vet.Extn.601 Fundamentals of Extension Education 2+0
Vet.Extn.602 Fundamental of Rural Sociology 2+1
Vet Extn.603 Physchology of Human behaviour 2+0
Vet Extn.604 Methods of Social Research 2+1
Vet.Extn.605 Process and Methods of Communication 1+1
Vet.Extn.901 Seminar 0+1
A.2 Optional Courses 7-12
Credits
Vet.Extn.701 Programme Planning in Extension 1+1
Vet.Extn.702 Management in Extension 1+1
Vet.Extn.703 Management Skills for extension 1+1
Professionals
Vet.Extn.704 Diffusion and Adoption of Innovations 1+1
Vet.Extn.705 Agricultural Journalism 1+1
Vet.Extn.706 Visual and Graphic Communication 1+1
Vet.Extn.707 Communication Media and Information 1+1
Technology
Vet.Extn.708 Training for Human Resource 2+1
Development
Vet.Extn.709 Training methodology 1+1
Vet.Extn.710 Extrepreneurship Development 1+1
Vet.Extn.711 Leadership in Extension 1+1
Vet.Extn.721 Rural Community Organization 2+0
Vet.Extn.713 Dynamic of Social Change 2+0
Vet.Extn.714 Group Dynamic and Human Relations 2+1
Vet.Extn.715 Administration in Extension Education 2+0
B. Supporting Courses 10-15
Credits
To be decided by the Students Advisory
Committee depending on specialization of
the student.
Total 35 Credits

21
I – ANATOMY

NOTE: 1. Candidates having B.V.Sc. & A.H., B.Sc. (Agri.) and B.Sc. (DT)
Degree may be admitted.
2. Pre – requisite courses will be decided by the advisory committees in view of
the candidate's background.

ANA – 801 Comparative Anatomy (2+1)


General Vertebrate anatomy, particularly of the dog and its comparison with
that of the other veterbrates such as fish, amphibian and birds.

ANA – 802 Bovine Anatomy (2+2)


The position of bovines in classification of animal kingdom in general and
mammalian in particular. General characters of even toed animals, ruminants
and their special characters. Detailed study of the anatomy of bovine, with
ox, as type. Comparative study of the anatomy of sheep, goat and
distinguished features of the camels.

ANA – 803 Equine Anatomy (2+2)


The position of equines in the classification of animal kingdom in general
and mammalia in particular. General characters of the odd toed animals.
Detailed study of the anatomy of the horse in comparison of its special
features with those of the other domestic animals.

ANA – 804 Canine Anatomy (1+2)


Position and general characters of carnivore (dog and cat) in the order
carnivora. Topographic study of anatomy of the dog and the cat and
comparison of their special features with those of the other domestic animals.

ANA – 805 Avian Anatomy (1+1)


General characters of eves, special features of Ratitae and Carinatae and
detailed study of anatomy of the domestic fowl.

22
ANA – 806 Regional Anatomy (1+1)
Detailed topographical study of the different regions of the body of the
domestic animals, with particular emphasis on the areas of common surgical
operations, clinical diagnostic methods and bioassay etc.

ANA – 807 Anatomy of the Laboratory Animals (1+1)


Study of anatomy of common laboratory animals, such as rabbits, guinea
pigs, mice etc. with particular reference to the digestive, respiratory,
circulatory, nervous and urogenital systems.

ANA – 808 Anatomy of the Reproductive Organs of (1+1)


Domestic Animal
(Cross listed with RB – 813 and APHB – 824)
Detailed anatomy of the reproductive organs of the male and female bovine,
equine, ovine and aves.

ANA – 809 Vertebrate Embryology (3+1)


General study of the vertebrate embryology.

ANA – 810 General Histology (2+1)


Study of the structure of the cell and its divisions. Histological and
elementary histochemical study of the fundamental tissue-types.

ANA – 811 Special Histology (2+1)


Histological and elementary histochemical study of organs of all systems of
the body.

ANA – 812 Radiological Anatomy (1+1)


Radiological anatomy restricted to the appendages of the large (The ox,
horse, sheep and goat) and that of entire body of the small animals (The dog
and cat).
ANA – 813 Anatomical Techniques (0+2)

23
Various gross anatomical, histological and embryological techniques
employed for study and research.

ANA – 814 Anatomy of the Digestive System (2+1)


Detailed study of the organs of digestive systems of bovine, equine, canine,
ovine and eves.

ANA – 815 Organogeny (2+1)


Development of the organs of different systems of mammals (with particular
reference to those of bovine) and eves.

ANA – 816 Advances in Embryology (1+0)


Survey of recent research in vertebrate embryology with special references to
ovum transplant.

ANA – 817 Principles of Embryology (1+1)


Fundamentals of Vertebrate Embryological study and its relations to genetics
and animals breeding.

ANA – 818 Advanced Histochemistry (2+1)


Histochemical study of different animal tissues. Demonstration of minerals,
polysaccharides, lipids, nucleic acids, proteins and enzymes.

ANA – 819 Fine Structures of Cell and Animal Tissue (1+0)


Study of the fine structure of the cell and the animals tissue with the help of
Electron – micrographs.

ANA – 820 Endocrine Anatomy (1+1)


Gross structure and development of endrocrine glands and their micro
anatomical study in domestic animals.

ANA – 821 Gerontological Anatomy of Animal Tissue (1+0)

24
Age associated histomorphological and histochemical changes in different
tissue.

ANA – 822 Anatomy of the Mammary Gland (1+1)


Gross, developmental, histomorphological and histochemical study of the
mammary glands of domestic animals.

ANA – 823 Neuronatomy (2+1)


Gross and microscopic study of the brain and spinal cord, ganglia, peripheral
nerves including the autonomous component

ANA – 899 Special Problem (2+0)

ANA – 900 Seminar (1+0)

25
II. ANIMAL GENETICS & BREEDING

NOTE: 1. (a) Candidates having basic veterinary degree will be admitted for
M.V.Sc. degree.
(b) Candidates having B.Sc. (Agri.), B.Sc. (D.H.), B.Sc., (Agri. & A.H.)
and B. Sc. (Ani. Sci.) will be admitted for M.Sc. degree.
2. Pre-requisite courses will be decided by the advisory committee of the
candidates.

AGB – 801 Fundamental Genetics (3+0)


History and development, Cellular divisions and chromosomes. Mendelian
Principles, Pedigree analysis, chi-square test. Life cycle of maize,
neurospora, viruses, bacteria and paramecia. Linkage and recombination,
gene mapping in deploids. Gene interaction nucleic acids, replication and
synthesis of nucleic acid, multiple alleles, immunogenetics,
histocompatibility, Breakage fusion cycle, deficiencies and duplication,
translocation and inversions, Euploid and anuploids, induced and
spontaneous mutation. Detection of sex linked lethal, Physical and chemical
mutagens, back mutation , chemical basis for mutation. Extra chormosal
inheritance.
AGB – 802 Genetic Laboratory Techniques (0+1)
Preparation of media and sub culturing of Drosophila fly, Study of
Drosophila life cycle. Indentification of sex and autosomal mutants. Study of
Mendelian laws, cytoplasmic inheritance, salivary gland chromosome,
Haemoglobin and transferring typing.

AGB – 803 Animal Cytogenetics (2+0)


History and development of cytogenetics, Development of various
cytogenetic laboratory techniques, chromosome banding techniques and their
applications, Various chromosomal abnormalities in domestic animals and
their effects on reproduction and production, Importance of cytogenetic
screening in present system of Animal Breeding, Future Developments.

26
AGB – 804 Genetic, Aspects of Blood Groups and Biochemical (2+0)
Polymorphism
History and development - Major blood group systems in domesticated
animals. Relationship of blood groups with animal production, adaptation
and reproduction. History and development of biochemical polymorphism.
Some important blood proteins, enzymes, blood ions etc. showing
polymorphism in domestic animals, their pattern of inheritance and
association with animal production, reproduction and adaptation.

AGB – 805 Population Genetics as Related to Animal Breeding (2+0)


Introduction, application and extension of Hardy Weinberg equilibrium.
Gene frequencies as influenced by selection, mutation, migration and
population size. Ideal and non-ideal small population. Pedigree population
and regular system of inbreeding.

AGB – 806 Quantitative Genetics as Related to Animal Breeding (2+0)


Genetics and environmental subdivision of phenotypic variance. Heritability,
repeatability and genetics correlations – methods of estimation and precision
of estimate. Aids to selection, response to selection. Threshold characters.
Selection index and its precision.

AGB – 807 Genetics Aspects of Disease Resistance (2+0)


Biological basis of disease resistance, ways of resistance, general or specific
resistance. Problems of genetics control of disease resistance, evidence for
genetics resistance to infectious and non infections diseases in domestic
animals and poultry. Resistance to internal and external parasites in large
animals and poultry. Genetic differences in metabolism and resistance to
nutrition diseases. Different ways to use resistance to eradicate infections
disease of using genetic resistance combined with other measures. Breeding
of animals adapted to their environment.

AGB – 808 Principles of Animal Breeding – I (2+0)


History of Breeding of livestock.Variation in quantitative characters.
Genetics and environmental variation. Concepts and usefulness of

27
heritability and repeatability selection. Aids to selection, methods of
selection, selection for multiple traits. Mating system, Inbreeding coefficient
of inbreeding, application of inbreeding, inbreeding depression, out breeding,
Cross breeding, heterosis, methods of out breeding.

AGB – 809 Livestock and Poultry Breeding (2+0)


Inheritance of economically important characters of dairy cattle, sheep, pigs,
and poultry. Selection methods and breeding systems for increasing
productivity of dairy cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry.

AGB – 810 Laboratory Animal Breeding (2+0)


Reproductive cycle of various laboratory animals i.e. Rat, Mice, guinea pigs,
rabbits etc. used in breeding experiments. Some important fertility, growth,
production and fitness characters of these animals, degree of phenotypic,
genetic and environmental variability in these characters. Principles of
development and establishment of inbred lines, selection experiments with
laboratory animals for qualitative and quantitative characters, comparisons of
expected and realized responses to selection. Experiments to study effects of
inbreeding depression. Some important aspects of breeding rabbits for fur
and meat, breeding quail for egg and meat.

AGB – 811 Preliminary Procedures in Animal Breeding (0+2)


Estimation of gene frequency, genotypic frequency, testing for genetic
equilibrium. Estimation of heritability and repeatability. Selection and
response. Estimation of breeding efficiency. Estimation of sire indices.
Estimation of coefficient of relationship and coefficient of inbreeding.
Estimation of Osborn's Index.

AGB – 812 Advanced Procedures in Animal Breeding (0+3)


Statistical models, genetics models and derailed outlay for precise estimation
of repeatability and heritability by various models. Genetic, environmental
and phenotypic correlations. Construction of selection index.

28
AGB – 813 Principles of Animal Breeding -II (3+0)
Different types and methods of selection, their effectiveness and limitations.
Selection indices, construction of selection indices on retrospect's.
Evaluation of genetic gain through selection. Genetic correlations and
correlated response. Biometric relations between relatives. Meting systems,
inbreeding, out breeding, phenotypic assertive mating. General and specific
combining ability – approach for its estimation. Diallel and partial diallel
crosses. Recurrent and reciprocal recurrent selection. Inbreeding and
hybridization – inheritance of threshold characters.

AGB – 814 Principles and Procedures for Sire Evaluation (1+1)


Principles involved in estimation of breeding value of sires, aids to selection
or sires. Various progeny testing for station and field testing of sires and
methods for estimation of breeding values of sires, estimation of predicted
difference and its repeatability. Procedures for selection of rams for wool and
meat and selection of cockerels for egg and meat.

AGB – 815 Dairy Cattle Breeding – I (2+0)


Genetics and environmental variations and relationship of body size, growth
rate, type and udder development and milk production. Genetics and
environmental variations in milk yield, fat yield and milk composition in
exotic and indigenous cattle.

AGB – 816 Dairy Cattle Breeding – II (2+0)


Selection criteria and mating system in dairy cattle. Estimation of breeding
values of dairy sires and replacement heifers. Inbreeding and cross breeding
in dairy cattle improvement, with special reference to implementation of
large scale cross breeding programes in India. Dairy cattle improvement in
some advanced counties.

AGB – 817 Advanced Dairy cattle Breeding (3+0)


Discussions on current and advance topics on dairy cattle breeding including
planning and programming for farm level and village level projects.

29
Economic efficiency of progeny testing programmes. genetic implication of
Multiple Ovulations and Embryo Transfer (MOET).

AGB – 818 Sheep and Swine Breeding-I (2+0)


Measurement of various growth production and reproduction traits for sheep
and swine. Genetic and environmental variations affecting these traits.

AGB – 819 Sheep and Swine Breeding – II (2+0)


Selection methods for increasing productivity in sheep and swine.
Adaptation – gene x environmental interactions. Selection criteria regarding
selection for multiple traits. Mating Systems. Blood groups, haemoglobin
types and potassium iron concentration in relation to wool yield and wool
quality.

AGB – 820 Advanced Sheep Breeding (3+0)


Historical, current stratus and modern trends in sheep breeding. Efficiency of
conversion of food to wool. Components of wool weight, and reproduction
rate. Influence of flock structure on productivity. Current and future
problems.

AGB – 821 Poultry Breeding –I (2+0)


Inheritance of plumage colour, comb shape, dwarf gene and important lethal
genes and other qualitative traits in poultry. Measurement of growth, egg,
meat and feed efficiency traits of economic importance. Genetic and
environmental variations affecting these traits.

AGB – 822 Poultry Breeding – II (2+0)


Selection for increase in egg production and other economic traits in poultry.
Mating systems including pure line breeding, strain crossing, breed crossing
and inbreeding hybridizatrion. Selection on the basis of crossbred
performance and reciprocal recurrent selection programme.

AGB – 823 Advanced Poultry Breeding (3+0)

30
Historical, current status and modern trends in commercial poultry breeding,
performance testing. Experimental design and analysis for quantitative
genetic experiments. Control population, breeding methods to improve
efficiency of egg production. Part and early records as a criteria for selection.
Social environment in relation to production

AGB – 899 Special Problem (2+0)

AGB – 900 Seminar (1+0)

31
III. ANIMAL NUTRITION

NOTE: 1. Candidates having B. Sc. (Anim. Sci.), B. Sc. (D.H.), B.Sc. (DT), B.sc
(Vet.), B.V.Sc, & A.H., B.Sc. (Chem. & Biochem.) and B.Sc. (Agri.) degree
may be admitted.
2. Deficiency courses :
Number of deficiency and pre - requisite courses will be decided by the
Advisory Committee.

AN – 801 Principles of Animal Nutrition – I (2+0)


Study of process of digestion, assimilation and metabolism, Basal
metabolism, Metabolism of minerals and other nutrients, Digestibility of
feeds, energy and nutritive values of feeds. Application of latest knowledge
of digestion and role of micro – organisms in rumen for feed utilization.
Nutrition of ruminants as compared to non – ruminants. Specific problems in
the feeding of dairy cattle.

AN – 802 Principles of Animal Nutrition – II (0+2)


Conducting digestibility trials by in- vitro and in-vivo methods and preparing
balanced rations for different categories of cattle.

AN – 803 Research Methods in Animal Nutrition – I (3+0)


Basic concepts of research. History and development of Animal Nutrition
Research. Types of research methods, experimental designs, equipments and
livestock used in animal nutrition research. Knowledge about scientific
literature and scientific writing in animal nutrition. Selection of research
problems. Interpretation and evaluation of research data. Research
organisation and administration.

AN – 804 Research Methods in Animal Nutrition – II (0+3)


Proximate Analysis, Van Soest Methods of partitioning of carbohydrates.
Estimation of minerals and vitamins of feedstuffs, faeces, urine and blood.
AN – 805 Research Method in Animal Nutrition – II (0+3)
32
Qualitative and quantitative estimations of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Analysis of blood enzymes. Analysis of Rumen liquor. Use of modern
techniques in Animal Nutrition.

AN – 806 Rumen Nutrition (2+0)


Rumen microbes and their activities, fermentation of carbohydarates.
Utilization of nitrogenous substances and their metabolism. Rumen
microbial activity in relation to minerals and vitamins. Effect of feed on
rumen activity.

AN – 807 Biochemistry of Nutrition (3+0)


Biochemistry of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Methods of their
evaluation.

AN – 808 Energy Metabolism (3+0)


(Cross listed with APHB – 806)

AN – 809 Physiology of Vitamins, Minerals and Enzymes (3+1)


(Cross listed with APHB – 805)

AN – 810 Dairy Cattle Nutrition – I (3+1)


Composition of feeds and fodder. Subsidiary feeds and supplements. Top
feed resources. Feed a limiting factor. Methods of preservation of fodder.
Compound feeds, cattle feed factories, B.I.S. specifications.

AN – 811 Dairy Cattle Nutrition – II (3+0)


Feed requirements for different categories of cattle. Feeding of young calves.
Economic methods of feeding cattle. Purchasing cattle feeds. Feeding
standards.

AN – 812 Sheep and Goat Nutrition (3+0)


Principles of ruminant nutrition applied to sheep and goat. Special problems
in feeding sheep and goat for their requirements for maintenance, growth,
reproduction and wool production. Top feed resources.
AN – 813 Principles of Poultry Nutrition (3+0)

33
Digestion of feeds in poultry compared to ruminants. Metabolism of
nutrients. Importance of Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, ;Minerals, Vitamins
for poultry. Deficiency diseases. Partition of feed energy in poultry. Taste
and flavours. Pigmentation.

AN – 814 Applied Poultry Nutrition (3+0)


Importance of quality control of feeds. Feeding systems. Feedstuffs for
poultry. Purchasing poultry feeds. Use of feed additives including
Antibiotics, Hormones, Antioxidants, Unidentified growth factors. Methods
of determining nutrient requirements of poultry. Feeding of various classes
of po9ultry and feeding standards. Restricted feeding. Special features of
cage layer nutrition. Feed formulation for poultry. B.I.S. Specifications.

AN – 815 Feed Processing and Technology (3+1)


Processing of concentrates. processing of roughages. Improvement of low
quality roughages. Complete feeds. Liquid feeds. Adulteration of feeds.
Augmentation of new cattle feed sources.

AN – 816 Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition (3+0)


Feeding systems for ruminants. By – Pass proteins and protection of
nutrients. Feed efficiency. Concentrate roughage ratios for various
productive purposes. Nutritional factors affecting quality of milk and carcass.
Feeding of sick animals. Nutritional disorder:. Indigestion, bloat, acidosis,
ketosis, urolithiasis, milk fever etc. Least cost feed formulation.

AN – 817 Swine Nutrition (3+0)


Swine as monogestric animal. Nutrients for Swine. Feedstuffs for Swine,
Feeding of various classes of pigs and feeding standards. Feed evaluation of
pigs. Effect of feeds on quality of pork. Feed formulation for Swine.

AN – 818 Nutrition of Camel, Horse and Donkey (3+1)

34
Special aspects of camel, horse and donkey nutrition. Traditional methods of
their feeding and common feeding stuffs. B.I.S. Specifications. Feed
formulation. Nutritional disorders.

AN – 899 Special Problem (2+0)

AN – 900 Seminar (1+0)

35
IV. ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

NOTE: 1. Candidates having B.V.Sc. & A.H. degree may be admitted.


2. Prerequisite courses will be decided by the advisory committee in view of
candidates background.

APHB-801 Cell physiology and Biophysics (2+1)


History and general concepts of cell biology. Structures and functions of all
the cellular constituents. Transport across the cell membrane and physical
biochemistry. Determination of pH

APHB-802 Blood and body Fluids (2+1)


Body fluids compartments and detailed study of; blood and other body
fluids. Immune apparatus and blood groups. Mechanism of urine formation.
Regulation of acid-base balance and water metabolism through kidneys.
Detail analysis of blood and urine.

APHB-803 Physiology of Blood Circulation and Respiration (2+1)


Cardiac physiology, haemodynamics and regulation of blood circulation.
Physiology of normal and abnormal respiration. effects of deep sea diving
and space travel on respiration and blood circulation. recording of
experiments on heart, haemodynamics and respiration.

APHB-804 Digestion and Absorption of Food (2+1)


All physiological aspects of digestion and absorption in ruminants, on-
ruminants and birds.

APHB-805 Physiology of Vitamins, Minerals and Enzymes (3+1)


(Cross listed with AN-809)
The detailed chemistry of vitamins, minerals and enzymes. Their role in the
anima body. Estimation of vitamins, minerals and enzymes in blood and
body fluids.

36
APHB-806 Energy metabolism (3+0)
(Cross listed with AN-808)
Bioenergetics, synthesis and utilization of phosphate bond energy. Biological
oxidation and reduction. Metabolism of all energy yielding nutrients.
Biosynthesis of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.

APHB-807 General Endocrinology (3+1)


(Cross listed with RB-817)
Endocrine apparatus of animal body and its regulation. The physiological
functions and interrelationships of all animal and avian hormones. Effects of
hypo- and hyper secretions of hormones. Hormone assay and analysls of
hormones & their metabolite levels in blood and body fluids.

APHB-808 Metabolic Disorders and Their Biochemistry (1+1)


Disorders of protein, carbohydrate, lipid, vitamin and mineral metabolism
during the various stages of animal life. Diagnosis of metabolic disorders.

APHB-809 Molecular physiology (1+0)


Molecular structure as a key to biological activity. Synthesis and study of
structures of proteins and nucleoproteins. Genetical basis of molecular
physiology.

APHB-810 General Physiology (3+1)


General Physiology of circulation, respiration, nervous system, muscles,
sense organs, digestion, kidneys, reproduction and endocrines. Experiments
based on these systems.

APHB-811 Avian physiology (2+1)


(Cross listed with RB-815)
Avians heaematiology, Circulatory, digestive system, respiratory and urinary
system. Endocrines and reproduction. Reproductive rhythms of avians.

APHB -812 Rumen physiology (2+1)

37
A detailed study of rumen development, digestive process, ruman microbes
and passage of food through stomach of ruminants.

APHB-813 Nervous system, Muscular System and (2+1)


special senses
Detailed physiological study of nervous system. muscular system and special
sense organs of domesticated animals.

APHB-814 Physiology of Growth, Reproduction and (3+1)


Lactation
The study of growth pattern and detailed discussion on all the phases of
reproduction and lactation in animals.

APHB-815 Physiology of Adaptation and Stress (2+0)


Principles of animal adaptation. World distribution of domestic animals and
effect of environmental changes on morphological and productive characters
of animals and birds. Methods of adaptation of biological rhythms.

APHB-816 Physiological and Biochemical Techniques (0+2)


Principles and application of modern techniques in biochemistry and
physiology.

APHB-817 Physiology of Reproduction (General) (3+0)


All anatomical, histological, embryological and physiological aspects of
male and female reproduction. Animal fertility and infertility problems.
Artificial insemination and seminology. Lactation in farm animals.

APHB-818 Comparative physiology of Reproduction in (3+1)


Domestic Animals and Birds

Comparative reproductive physiology of all domesticated animals and birds.


The analysis of blood, urine ,milk and semen. Study of reproductive organs
in relation to the reproduction.
APHB-819 Endocrinology of Reproduction (2+1)
(cross listed with RB-801)

38
APHB-820 Physiology of Gestation and Partirition (2+1)
Physiology of germ cells and fertilization. Embryogenesis, foetal
development and act of parturition. The maternal and foetal factors in the act
of gestation and parturition.

APHB-821 Physiology of Milk Secretion (2+1)


Evolution, anatomy, histology, embryology and physiology of mammary
glands of all species of animals. Factors affecting secretion and synthesis of
milk.

APHB-822 Biology pf Semen (1+1)


(Cross listed with RB-807)

APHB-823 Applied Reproduction (2+1)


(Cross listed with RB-811)

APHB-824 Anatomy of Reproductive Organs of Domestic (1+1)


Animals
(Same as ANA-808, may be offered by the Department of Anatomy)

APHB-825 Perinatal Physiology (2+1)


Advanced physiology of fetuses and neonates- The physiological reasonings
to perinatal disorders- Physiological changes in the neonate from birth to
weaning – Developmental physiology of chick embryo and day old chicks.

APHB-826 Advanced Endocrinology (2+1)


Advances in the study of hormones connected with metabolism, growth,
immunity and production Physiology of hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal,
thymus, throid, parathyroid, pancreas and adrenal glands.
APHB-827 Clinical Biochemistry (1+1)
Study of metabolic profiles during health and diseases- Important production
diseases of dairy cattle and their management- Interpretation of laboratory
findings and physio-biochemical reasonings.

APHB-828 Production Physiology (2+1)

39
Physiology of animal production – External and internal influences affecting
animal production . Work physiology of draft animals. Cross-bred bullocks
in agriculture. Interaction between environment and animal production-
Modern trends in enhancing the animal production.

APHB-829 Avian production Physiology (2+1)


Advanced reproductive physiology of poultry, ducks, turkey and quails-
physiology and biochemistry of egg and meat production in avians-Avian
endocrinology and reproduction- Various factors employed in increasing
avian production.

APHB-830 Environmental Physiology (2+1)


The advanced study of bioclimatology- Biological clocks. Environmental
factors like food,water,air pollution, ecology,heat,humidity,air pressure
changes, etc. influencing growth and animal production potentials.

APHB-831 Animal Biochemistry (2+1)


Composition of animal tissues and body fluids. Biochemical fluctuations of
various constituents of animal tissues and body fluids. Various buffer
systems of animal body and its role in regulation of pH of animal cell and
body fluids.
Quantitative and qualitative tests on various bio-chemical constituents of
animal tissues and body fluids. Determination of pH of various biological
fluids.
APHB-89 Special problem (2+1)
APHB- Seminar (1+0)

40
V. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION

NOTE: 1. Candidates having B.V.Sc.(Ani Sci.) B.Sc.(D.H) B.Sc.(Vet.)


B.Sc.(Agri.) degree may be admitted
2. Deficiency courses for candidates having B.Sc.(Ani. Sci),B.Sc-(DH)
B.Sc.(Vet.) and B.V.Sc. will be decided from the courses listed below by the
Advisory Committee depending on their background and requirement. ANA-
802,APHB-804,APHB-810 VOBG-801,LP-801.

LP-801 Principles of Animal Production (3+1)


General principles of animal management practices. Importance of daily
routine on a livestock farm. Principles of livestock raising and maintenance
malignance of farm livestock health. Livestock housing and its sanitation in
respect to economical production. Production, Procurement, stroage and
processing of feeds. Marketing of surplus stock.

LP-802 Dairy Cattle Production.. I (2+1)


Scope and limitations of dairy development in India. Dairy industry in India
and abroad. Systems of dairy production Important dairy cattle breeds exotic
and indigenous. Efficiency of cross-breeds to that of indigenous cattle of
dairy buffaloes. Care and management of different classes of dairy cattle.
Specific Managemental differences in raising crossbreds and buffaloes.
Managemental practices for high breeding efficiency of a herd. Herd health
control, Selection and judging of dairy cattle. Principles of housing dairy
cattle. Recent trends in housing.

LP-803 Dairy Cattle Production – II (2+1)


Establishment of a dairy farm. Economic principles related to dairy business.
Economics of dairy farming. Cost of milk production. Pricing of milk
Managemental practices for quality milk production. Labour management.
Breeding policies for higher productivity. Milking machine principles
problems, Shelter engineering in relation to productivity of animals. Records
of dairy farms and their use.
LP-804 Sheep Production – I (2+1)

41
Economic importance of sheep production. sheep breeds and Selection of
sheep breeds for economic production. Management of sheep flock. Range
sheep production-feeding of sheep. Pastures and supplementary feeding,
feeding for fattening lambs. Feed lot Production Draught feeding in sheep.
Fodder conservation. Pelt and Mohair production. Ageing, shearing and
slaughtering of sheep. Classing of sheep. Grading of wool. Systems and
economic of sheep farming & sheep housing. (ISI standards)

LP-805 Sheep Production – II (3+0)


Principles of breeding, recent trends in breeding, cross-breeding for mutton
and wool, shearing sheds and yards, sheep yards for various purposes,
fences, keeping of records. Feed lot production.
Economics of sheep production, wool and its qualities, type of wool fiber,
shearing, wool classing, baling and pressing the wool. Marketing of wool.
Health of flock.
Manufacturing processes in woolen and worsted clothings.
Sheep production plans and projects.

LP – 806 Swine Production (3+0)


Importance of swine enterprise, economy of pork and bacon production.
Establishing swine enterprise. Breeds of swine, cross breeding for economic
pork and bacon production, care and management of piglets, gilts, sows and
boars, feeds and feeding to various classes of pigs. Housing of pigs,
marketing of pigs, records for swine enterprise, cost of production.

LP – 807 Livestock Buildings and Equipments (2+0)


Physiological and managerial basis for requirements of structures and
equipments. Design and layout of livestock farms, housing patterns for
economic production, selection of labour saving farm equipments, its
maintenance and services, construction costs, care and management of farm
building.

LP – 808 Lactation and Milking Management (2+0)


(Cross listed with RB – 816)

42
Study of physiology of milk secretion, managed milking programme. Rules
for good milking, production of dairy cows as affected by the frequency and
regularity of milking and feeding. Machine milking. Physiological and
environmental factors affecting quantity and composition of milk. Clean
milk production .Preservation and marketing of milk.

LP – 809 Breeding Management of Livestock (2+0)


Breeding herd for standard production, selection of bull stud, Measuring
breeding efficiency, maintaining breeding efficiency. Management factors in
removing the causes of low breeding efficiency and infertility. Breeding
records.

LP – 810 Livestock marketing (2+1)


Advance study of organization and functioning of marketing of livestock in
India and abroad. Market structure and performance, methods of affecting
efficienty marketing. Meaning, classification & functioning of Livestock
markets. Factors affecting price & marketing of Live stock products.
Marketing institutions & problems in marketing.

LP – 811 Farm Poultry Production (2+1)


Evolution of the modern poultry production business with special reference
to India. Biology of the fowls with particular reference to egg formation and
laying.
Poultry houses and equipment. Brief outline of incubation and management
of chicks. Management of layers and broilers. Principles and practices of
feeding poultry.
Eggs and poultry meat, their composition and nutritive value. Egg products
handling, storage, processing, marketing and transport of eggs and poultry
meat.
Maintenance of poultry flock health.
Poultry development plans and projects.
LP – 812 Hatchery and its Management (2+1)

43
Importance and role of hatcheries in poultry Production business. Brief
outline of principles and practices of poultry breeding. Role of hatcheries in
genetic improvement of poultry. Evolution of the modern hatchery business.
Flock selection. Hatching eggs; their selection, care and storage. Incubation
principles and practice Different types of incubators and their operation.
Factors affecting hatchability of eggs. Hatchery management problems.
Economics of hatchery business. Factors affecting the hatchery profits.
Organisation of work in the hatchery. Marketing, services and delivery of
chicks. Hatchery sanitation and hygiene.
Planning and layout of hatchery buildings.
Hatcheries, Franchisers and Poultry breeding farms in India.

LP – 813 Management of Growing, Laying and Meat Birds (3+0)


Management ;and rearing of birds of different ages. Lighting in poultry,
principles and methods of selection for greater production of poultry eggs
and meat. Maintenance of fertility and egg quality on the farm. Record
keeping.

LP – 814 Poultry Building and Equipments (2+1)


Selection of site and location of poultry farm, housing pattern for economic
production, physiological and managerial basis of requirement of structure
and equipment , selection of labour saving farm equipments, its maintenance
and services including lighting arrangement, construction costs, care and
management of farm buildings.

LP – 815 Poultry Products (2+0)


Frozen liquid eggs and egg solids. Factors determining egg quality and meat
quality. Measurement of egg and meat quality. Important egg products. Non
edible poultry products.

LP – 816 Poultry processing (2+0)


Technological principles and practice involved in preservation and
processing of poultry eggs and meat. Nutritive value of eggs and meat. Egg
grading, egg cleaning, freezing and drying of eggs, dressing poultry.
LP-817 Economics of Livestock Production & Marketing (2+1)

LP-818 Forage Crop production

44
Both 817 & 818 are cross listed with Agri Economics (Agri .Econ-) 709 and
forage department
LP – 899 Special Problem (2+0)
LP – 900 Seminar (1+0)

45
VI. REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

NOTE: 1. Candidate having B. V. Sc., B.Sc. (Vet.), B.Sc. (Ani. Sci.) B.Sc.
(Chemistry), B.Sc. (Agri. A.H.) B.Sc. (Agri.) B.Sc. (Zoology) and B.Sc.
(Biochemistry) degree may be admitted.
2. Number of deficiency courses will be decided by the advisory committee in
view of candidates background from the courses listed below :
ANA – 802, ANA – 808, APHB – 814, APHB – 818, LP – 801, VOBG –
801.

RB – 801 Endocrinology of Reproduction (2+1)


(Cross listed with APHB – 819)
Gonadtrophins and Releasing factors. Their target organs. Other tropic
hormones. Sex steroids. Feed back phenomena. Endocrine axis.
Methodology. Hall Marks in the development of the subject. Circadian
rhythm Current theories and hypothesis.; Hormonal derangements – natural
and experimental. Hormonal regulation of behaviour.

RB – 802 Reproduction Physiology (2+1)


The reproductive tract – origin, evolution and functional adaptation.
Accessory glands – their development, structure and role. The reproductive
cycles. Fertility regulation – farm animal reproduction with specific
reference to Indian situation. Environmental factors associated with
reproduction. The herds man and herd.

RB – 803 Hormones in Pregnancy and Lactation (2+1)


Pros and Cones of the germ cell approximations. The trumpet tubes. Uterus
as a gland, uterine accommodations and uterine hormone. Fetoplacental
endocrine complex. Pregnancy maintenance. Hormonal events at the
culmination of pregnancy. Endocrines in lactation. Neuro – endocrines and
milk secretion.

RB – 804 Comparative Endocrinology (1+1)


Physio-genetic considerations, Convargence and radiation. Structural
evaluation of the neurohypophysial principles.
46
RB – 805 Research Techniques – I (1+1)
Management and care of laboratory animals. Ectomies, extraction,
purification, storage techniques and estimation of hormones.

RB – 806 Research Techniques – II (1+2)


Instrumentations, bioassays, chemical assays, protein binding and immuno
assays, isotope techniques involved in Reproductive Biology.

RB – 807 Biology of Semen (1+1)


(Cross listed with APHB-822)
The economy in the sperm making. Bottle necks in sperm transport. The
sperm enzymes, proteins and nucleic acids. Antigenicity of sperm, immuno
Chemistry of the sperm. Semen preservation techniques. Hormones in sperm
biology.

RB – 808 Cell Biology (1+1)


(Cross listed with Biochem 618)
Biological membranes. Cell competence. The tot potent to unipotent. The
clone lines. The egg and sperm as complete cells. Interacting systems in gene
expression. Products of expression and their regulation. Protein synthesis.
The mitochondrion shelf. Hydrogen ion concentration. Binding. The uphill
task. Cell and tissue interaction. Genetic VS environmental competence.
mechanism of hormone action. The immuno competence. The growth factor.
Retention of genetic variability.

RB – 809 Neuroendoerinology (2+1)


(Prerequisite : RB–816) and with prior consent of the teacher)
Experimental neuroendoerinology. The nerve growth factor. The concept of
neuro secretion. Neuro hormonal peptides. Endocrine transducers. Pineal
activity. Light, pineal and biological rhythms. The higher centre. Role of
central nervous system in relation to endocrine activity. Other organs
credited for " Neuro endocrine activities".
RB – 810 Developmental Biology (2+2)
(prerequisite : vertebrate embryology ANA – 809 and with prior consent of
the teacher )

47
Vital issues in ' Developmental Biology'. Relation to other disciplines.
Mechanisms of cell interaction. Chromosomes during development. Gene
Action and Cellular differentiation Enzyme induction and repression.
Continuity and diversity in living systems. Tracking the germ cells, Nuclear
material as a factor in development. The concept of competition in theories
of development. The biochemistry of development. Protein sub-unit and
control of activity ; the effect of hormones. Hormonal regulation of growth.
Development of endocrine co-ordination. Self limiting reactions and growth
control. Development aspects of immunity. Immunological tolerance.
Evolution of immunoresponse.

RB – 811 Applied Reproduction (2+1)


( Cross listed with APHB – 823 )
(Prerequisite : dairy cattle breeding AGB – 812 and with prior consent of the
teacher offering the course ).
Experimental control of male and female reproduction by different methods.
Estrus synchronization. nutrition and reproduction. Luteolytic functions.
External factors and reproduction. The problem of calving interval. Pros and
cones in milk production. Behaviour and adaptation. ( Emphasis will be on
Indian farm animals taking into consideration the local practices of the
farmers and scientific developments).

RB – 812 Structure And Function of Reproductive Hormones (2+0)


Biochemistry of sex hormones. Biosynthesis and pathways. Metabolic
degradations. Activities and half life. Trophic hormones. Hormones on the
target organs. Mode of actions. Synthetic hormones. Hormonal action at
membrane, cell and gene. Modern concepts.

RB – 813 Anatomy of Reproductive Organs of Domestic Animals (1+1)


(Cross listed with ANA – 808)

RB – 814 Pathology of Reproductive Diseases (1+1)


(Cross listed with VPAT – 813)

RB – 815 Avian Physiology (2+1)


48
(Cross listed with APHB – 811)

RB – 816 Endrocrine Pharmacology (2+0)


(Cross listed with VPA – 809)

RB – 817 General Endocrinology (3+1)


(Cross listed with APHB – 807)

RB – 818 Advanced Studies in Artificial Insemination (2+2)


And Frozen Semen Technology
(Cross listed with VOBG – 817)

RB – 819 Lactation and Milking Management (2+0)


(Cross listed with LP – 808)

RB – 820 Reproductive Biology of The Water Buffalo (2+1)


Buffalo History and origin, Buffalo types , Reproductive cycles in the
Riverine and Swamp Buffalo. Blood profile related to reproduction.
Impediments in the performance and seasonality (both male and female).
Reproductive Endocrinology. The caucasion, Egyptian and the Brazilian
types.
Puberty, pregnancy and post – partum involving nuclear techniques to
improve buffalo reproduction. Potentiality of the bread for better
performance. the reproductive efficiency tied with farmers economy. Lay
quality roughage to improve reproductive efficiency.

RB – 821 Reproduction in Goats (1+1)


Indian goats. Dairy Meat and Mohair types. Hormones and Reproduction.
Peculiarities associated with goat reproduction. Pregnancy and kidding. The
Buck. Twining, Growth rate and external factors related to goat reproduction.
RB – 822 Gamete Biology and fertilization (2+2)
The ovum and its surrounding. Follicular pressure and protection. Hormones
involved in the follicular maturation. Origin and maturation of the ovum. The
egg layer. Modes of fertilization. Antigenity. Egg viability. Multiple and
super – ovulations. Site of fertilization, decent of egg and nidation.
Spermatozoan formation and maturity. Sperm in the male tract.
Spermatozoans of different species. enzymes and permeability. Hormonal

49
involvement in the egg and sperm meet. Acrosomal reaction. fusion of
pronuclei and exchange of genetic material. Nutrition for egg sperm and
nidation embryo. Gonadal hormones and controlling aspects. ultra structure
of gametes, their structural changes under hormonal influence to facilitate
their function. specific problems associated with buffalo and goat semen.
experimental modifications in gamete biology and development.

RB – 823 Environment, pollution and Reproduction (1+1)


Neuro-endocrine factors involved in environmental reception. Response to
environment. Air and water pollution affecting reproduction in animals.
effects of pesticides on reproduction of birds and domestic animals;
( Gonadal function, estrous cycle and thyroid). chemical pollutants and
derangements in reproductive performance.

RB - 824 Immuno Reproduction (1+1)


Hormones of reproduction. Induction of immunogenicity. developing
antisera. The gamma globulins. immunogenity to protein and steroid
hormones. Techniques involving isotopes in the quantification of hormones.
protein binding and adsorption specific to reproductive hormone. Immuno
incompatibility. antigenic problems associated with fertility. Immunology
and fertility regulation.

RB-899 Special Problem (2+0)

RB-900 Seminar (1+0)

50
VII. VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY

Note:
1. Candidates having B.Sc. (Micro) degree will be admitted for M.Sc.(Micro.)
degree.
2. Deficiency courses for pure science students : VPAT-821 Techniques in
Veterinary Pathology PAR-808 Clinical Parasitology or as decided by the
Advisory committee.

VMI-801 Techniques in Veterinary Microbiology (1+1)


Historical developments, Bacterial cytology, Sterilization of glassware and
media, collection of samples, staining methods, Microscopy and micrometry,
Cultivation and Isolation of microorganisms from infected animals culturing
and identification and typing.

VMI-802 Pathogenic Bacteriology – I (2+1)


Classification of various genera and species of bacteria pathogenic to
animals and poultry, study of the important genera of the following families
in relation to habitat, morphology, growth requirements, cultural characters,
variation, antigenic structure, toxins and metabolites (enzymes),
pathogenicity and laboratory diagnosis.
Lactobacillaceae, Micrococcaceae, Bacillaceae, Corynebacteriaceae,
Enterobacteriaceae, Brucellaceae, Pseudomonadaceae and Spirillaceae.

VMI-803 Pathogenic Bacteriology – II (1+1)


Study of the important genera of following families in relation to habitat,
morphology, growth requirements, cultural characters, variation, antigenic
structure, toxins and metabolites (enzymes), pathogenecity and laboratory
diagnosis.
Actinomycetaceae,Mycobacteriaceae, Mycoplasmataceae, Treponemataceae,
Rickettsiaceae and Chlamydiaceae.

VMI-804 Pathogenic Mycology (1+1)

51
Morphology, cultural characters and laboratory diagnosis of following fungi
pathogenic to animals and birds.
Mucor, Rhizopus, Absidia, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhinosporidium,
Coccidioides, Cryptococcus, Sacchromyces, Candida, Histoplasma,
Epidermophyton, Trichophyton, Microsporum.

VMI-805 Advanced Virology (2+1)


Historical development and Virus discovery, Nature and origin of virus,
classification of viruses, morphology and ultrastructure of virus, Replication
of Virus, Cytopathic effect of Virus, Action of physical and chemical agents
on virus, Antiviral agents, Laboratory techniques used in study of viruses,
viral interference and interferon, Haemagglutination of viruses, Cultivation
of viruses in Laboratory, Viral genetics and variation in viruses.

VMI-806 Pathogenic Viruses (2+1)


Systematic study of animal viruses pathogenic to animals and poultry, study
of the family characters, classification of the family, properties,
pathogenesis, symptoms, gross and microscopic lesions, laboratory diagnosis
and control of pathogenic viruses of following families.
DNA group : Parvoviridae, Papovaviridae, Adenoviridae,
Herpesviridae, Poxviridae, Iridoviridae.
RNA group : Picornaviridae, Caliciviridae, Togaviridae,
Reoviridae,Arenaviridae,Coronaviridae, Bunyaviridae,
Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Rhabdoviridae,
and Retroviridae.

VMI-807 Advanced Immunology (2+1)


Historical developments of Immunology, Mechanism of Infection, Non-
specific and specific defenses of host, Antigen, Antibody, Structure and
types of immunoglobulins, synthesis of antibody, Theories of antibody
formation, Antigen antibody reactions, Hypersensitive reactions,
Antibacterial, Antitoxic and antiviral immunity.

VMI-808 Microbiology of Mastitis (1+1)

52
Factors involved in infection of udder, various laboratory procedures of
detecting mastitis incidence, Pathogenesis, symptoms, laboratory diagnosis
and control of Streptococcal, Staphylococcal and Coliform mastitis and less
common forms of mastitis due to Actinomyces bovis, Clostridium welchii,
Corynebacterium, Leptospira, Mycoplasma, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and
coxiella burnetti. Pathogenesis and laboratory diagnosis of mycoticmastitis.

VMI-809 Microbiology of Genital Infections of Animals (1+1)


Non-specific bacterial infections, specific bacterial infections by Brucella,
Campylobacter, Mycobacterium, Mycoplasma, Leptospira, Listeria,
Chlamydia and Coxiella. Abortion and infertility by IBR, PI-3 and BVD-MD
viruses, Bovine mycotic abortion.

VMI-810 Microbial Infections of Poultry (1+1)


Importance of microbial infection in poultry. Pathogenesis, epidemiology,
symptoms, gross and microscopic lesions, laboratory diagnosis and control
of important bacterial and viral diseases. Bacillary white diarrhea, fowl
typhoid, avian salmonellosis, fowl cholera, avian mycoplasmosis, avian
coliform infection, avian staphylococcal infections, yolk sac infection, avian
clostridial infection, chlamydiosis, spirochaetosis, fowl pox, infectious
laryngotracheitis, infectious bronchitis, infectious avian encephalomyelitis,
ranikhet disease, fowl plague, infectious bursitis, marek's disease and
lymphoid leukosis.

VMI-811 Microbial Infections of Sheep (1+1)


Pathogenesis, symptoms, lesions, laboratory diagnosis and control of
important bacterial and viral diseases, Anthrax, black quarters, black disease,
enterotoxaemia, pasteurellosis, brucellosis, vibriosis, salmonellosis,
listeriosis, leptospirosis, tuberculosis, paratuberculosis, caseous
lymphadenitis, foot rot, contagious agalactia, sheep pox, foot and mouth
disease, contagious ecthyma, blue tongue and rinderpest.

53
VMI-812 Microbial Physiology (1+1)
Growth and nutritional requirements of heterotrophs and autotrophs,
bacterial enzymes, storage and utilization of energy, respiration and
dehydrogenation in bacteria, carbohydrate, protein, fat and nucleic acid
metabolism in bacteria.

VMI – 813 Antimicrobial Agents (1+1)


Principles of antimicrobial action, Physical factors acting as antimicrobial
agents, Chemicals as antimicrobial agents, chemotherapeutic agents and
antibiotics, Mechanism of antibiotic resistance.

VMI – 814 Microbial Toxins (1+1)


General characters of toxins, Biological interrelationship between enzymes
and toxins, Nomenclature of toxins Intercellular and intra cellular toxins,
Role of Toxins in bacterial metabolism, isolation, purification and
concentration of toxins, immunology of toxins, salient features of protein
toxins, haemotoxins, leucocidin, enterotoxin, necrotoxin, lipopolysaccharide
– protein complex, bacterial and fungal toxins.

VMI – 815 Bacterial Genetics (1+1)


Heredity, Auxotrophs and prototrophs, Mechanism of inheritance, Asexual
and sexual reproduction, bacterial genetics. Transfer of genetics material in
bacteria by transformation, transduction, bacterial conjunction, and lysogeny.
Bacterial variation, Spontaneous mutations in bacteria, Mutations in cellular
morpology, colonial morphology, Antigenic mutants, Mutants with altered
virulence.

VMI – 816 Enterobacteriaceae (1+1)


Isolation, identification and biochemical reactions of members of family
enterobacteriaceae, antigens of enteric organisms and its epidemiological
importance, generic, species, somatic and flagellar antigens and serotyping,
phage typing of members of family enteobacteriaceae, pathogenecity of
members of family Enterobacteriaceae.
VMI – 817 Biological Products (1+1)
Principles of killed and attenuated live bacterial and viral vaccines, Selection
of strains for vaccine production, Cultivation, growth, purity, safety, sterility
and potency tests of commonly used vaccines, Methods of production and
54
standardization of antibacterial and antiviral hyperimmune sera, Method of
production of diagnostic antigens, International code of biological products,
Indian Cosmetic and Drug Act for biological products in India.

VMI – 818 Use of Laboratory Animals in Diagnostic Microbiology (1+1)


Housing breeding and management of mouse, rat, rabbit and guinea pig,
Diseases of laboratory animals, Use of laboratory animals for diagnosis of
bacterial and viral diseases.

VMI – 819 Disease Surveillance (3+0)


(Cross listed with VPH – 803)
VMI – 820 Advanced in Zoonoses (3+1)
(Cross listed with VPH – 802)
VMI – 821 Food borne and Water Borne Diseases (3+1)
(Cross listed with VPH – 807).
VMI – 822 Meat and Milk Borne Diseases (2+1)
(Cross listed with VPH – 811).

VMI – 823 Genetics of Microorganisms (3+0)


(Cross listed with PBG. 602).
VMI- 824 Laboratory Techniques in Microbiology (2+2)
(Cross listed with DM – 720)
Principles of microscopy, light, fluorescent, phase contrast, electron photo
micrographic equipment, use of slide projector, single cell culture technique,
use of ultrasonic disintegrator, freeze drying of bacterial cultures, radio
isotopes in microbiology, Manometric studies using Warburg respirometer,
use of fermentor or production of microbial metabolites, microbiological
assay techniques, use of laboratory animals in toxicity studies,
chromatographic, electrophoretic and gelfiltration techniques in
microbiology.

VMI – 899 Special Problem (0+2)

VMI – 900 Seminar (1+0)


55
VIII. VETERINARY MEDICINE

Note: 1. Candidate having B.V.Sc,& A.H. degree may be admitted.


2. Prerequisite courses will be decided by the advisory committee in view of
the candidate’s background.
3. In addition, each major and minor student has to attend clinics daily for two
hours in all the semesters and a major student will have to record atleast 100
cases and minor student atleast 50 cases of clinical importance during his
course.

VM – 801 History and Orientation of Veterinary Medicine (1+0)


Historical development of veterinary medical science and growth of other
disciplines.

VM – 802 Diagnostic Techniques and their interpretation in (2+1)


Veterinary Medicine
History of case, physical, chemical, biological methods, laboratory
techniques, radiography with contrast media studies, biopsy, ECG, radio-
isotopes etc for diagnosis and therapy.

VM – 803 Management of Sick Animals (1+1)


Methods and organization of hospital, maintenance and record keeping and
care, management and reviving of sick animals, special medical aids and
management in certain disease conditions.

VM – 804 Systemic Diseases of Cattle and Buffaloes – I (3+1)


General systemic states, diseases of alimentary tract, liver, cardiovascular
system, blood and blood forming organs, and respiratory system

VM – 805 Systemic Diseases of Cattle and Buffaloes – II (3+1)


Diseases of urino – genital system, nervous system, musculoskeletal, skin
and integuments.

56
VM – 806 Diseases of Dairy Animals (2+1)
Diseases associated with economical production and their management.

VM – 807 Deficiency Diseases in Animals (2+1)


Minerals, trace elements, vitamins and hormones.

VM – 808 Diseases of New Born Animals (1+1)


Specific and non – specific diseases and their management.

VM – 809 Diseases of Dogs and Cats (2+1)


Specific and non – specific diseases of dogs and cats.

VM – 810 Diseases of poultry (3+1)


Specific and non – specific avian diseases and their treatment and control .

VM – 811 Diseases of Exotic and Cross Bred Animals (2+1)


Diseases existing and emerging especially of exotic and cross-bred animals.

VM – 812 Diseases Caused by Poisonous Substances (2+1)


Important plants and chemical poisoning in animals,thier identification,
diagnosis and therapeutics.

VM- 813 Control of Epidemic Diseases (2+0)


Principles of epidemiology, investigative epidemiology, intensive follow
up,and surveillance directed against diseases, strategies of epidemiology,
concept of causality, transmission and pattern of occurrence of diseases and
various approaches in epidemiology, general consideration of ecology,
epidemiology, immunology with special reference to control and preventive
measures against diseases.

VM – 814 Infectious Diseases of Farm Animals-I (3+1)

57
Principles of host – parasite relationship, mechanism of infection and
resistance. Diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses, rickettsia and
Chlamydia.

VM – 815 Diseases of Farm Animals (3+1)


Diseases caused by parasite and fungi.

VM – 816 Caprine and Ovine Diseases (2+1)


Study of specific and non – specific diseases of goat and sheep.

VM – 817 Equine Diseases (2+1)


Study of specific and non – specific diseases of horses.

VM – 818 Diseases of Pigs (2+1)


Study of specific and non – specific diseases of pigs.

VM – 819 Veterinary Jurisprudence and Ethics (1+1)


Professional discipline, common law duties, various acts of Gujarat State and
Central Government regarding livestock and livestock products.

VM – 820 Management of Captive Animals in Health and Disease (2+1)


General aspects of management of captive animals in zoo and their
behaviour in health and diseases. Diseases of captive animals and clinical
approach in such conditions.

VM – 821 Diseases of Camels (2+1)


Study of specific and non – specific diseases of camels.

VM – 822 Techno Economic Aspects of Diseases (1+1)


Generation and analysis of data of diseases. Economic aspects of disease and
techno – economic aspects of disease control.

VM – 823 Computers in Medicine (1+1)

58
Use of computers in diagnostic process, therapeutic activity and analysis of
epidemiological data and herd health data.

VM – 824 Diseases of Laboratory Animals (2+1)


Study of specific and non – specific diseases of laboratory animals.

VM – 899 Special Problem (2+0)

VM – 900 Seminar (1+0

59
IX. VETERINARY OBSTERICS AND GYNAECOLOGY

NOTE: 1. Candidates having B.Sc. (Vet.) B.V.Sc. & A.H. degree may be
admitted.
2. Pre – requisite courses will be decided by the advisory committee
in view of the candidate’s background.
3. Ambulatory clinic/Hospital practice on all days 3 hrs, maintenance of clinical
records of selected cases for :-
Major - 100 in 2 years
Minor - 50 in 2 years

VOBG – 801 General Gynaecology and Andrology (3+1)


Reproductive physiology of farm animals related to gynaecology and
Andrology. Related internal secretions, sexual maturity, sexual behaviour,
oestrus cycle, different reproductive patterns, synchronization of oestrus,
superovulation, ova transplantation, thermoregulation of testes,
spermatogenesis and sperm transport, coitus, factors affecting sex drive and
semen production, sperm morphology, physiology and biochemistry.
Practicals pertaining to the course.

VOBG – 802 Growth, Puberty and Sexual Maturity in Farm Animals (2+0)
Relative study of growth, puberty, sexual maturity and reproduction cycles in
farm animals. Patterns of oestrus cycles, ovulation and fertilization in farm
animals and impact there on the genetic and environmental factors.

VOBG – 803 Gestation and Placentation in Farm Animals (1+1)


Clinical study on physiology and placental development. Diagnosis of
pregnancy by clinical methods and laboratory tests. Differential diagnosis of
pregnancy.

VOBG – 804 Parturition, Involution and Puerperium (1+1)


Physiology of parturition and involution of uterus. Puerperal complications
and their control.

60
VOBG – 805 Infertility in Domestic Animals (3+1)
General aspects of fertility, infertility and sterility. Factors affeectiry fertility
due to endocrine imbalance, environmental, hereditary and nutritional
factors. Malformations of male and female genital system. Impotentia
couendi and impotentia generadii. Semen picture in pathological changes of
male reproductive organs. Cystic ovarian degeneration, anoestrus. Infections
of genitalia resulting into infertility. Early embryonal mortality, repeat
breeder animals. Sexual health control work. Collection of materials for
Gynaecological and andrological work. Introduction of sterility in male and
female.

VOBG – 806 Clinical Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques in (1+2)


Gynaecology and Andrology
Study of Physio pathological conditions in male and female genitalia on
slaughter house organs and in live animals. Study of morphology of normal
and abnormal spermatozoa. Various staining procedures for sperms and
extraneous cells. Collection of materials for andrological investigation. Bull
investigation and evaluation of herd records for fertility and infertility.
Clinical practices in Veterinary Hospitals. A.I. Centres to study cases of
Gynaecological importance, study of cervical mucus, exfoliative cytology,
tubal patency, biopsy tests and other diagnostic tests.

VOBG – 807 Infertility in Small Animals (2+1)


Comparative reproductive anatomy, Internal secretions, growth, puberty,
sexual maturity, sexual behaviour, oestrus cycles, breeding patterns,
ovulation, fertilization, pregnancy, parturition and litter size. Effect of
nutritional status and environment on reproduction, thermo regulation of
testes. Spermatogenesis, semen characteristics, factors affecting sex drive,
serving behaviour and semen quality. Infertility factors in male and female.

VOBG – 808 Embryo Transfer Technique in Farm Animals (1+1)


Introduction and history, oestrus and oestrus cycle, synchronization,
superovulation, collection of ova by surgical and nonsurgical methods,
flushing media, preservation, morphological study of ova, transfer of ova by
surgical and non – surgical methods, deep freezing of fertilized ova.

61
VOBG – 809 Veterinary Obstetrics (2+2)
Pelvimetry, parturition, involution of uterus, handling of cases of dystocia.
Maternal and foetal dystocia and their diagnosis and treatment. Intrauterine
manipulations including fetotomy, obstretical anaesthesia. Anomalies of
development care of new born and the postpartum dam.

VOBG – 810 Accidents and Diseases during Pregnancy, (3+1)


Parturition and Puerperium
Accidents and diseases during gestation and parturition period. Traumatic
injuries and diseases during Puerperium, postpartum hemorrhage, injuries of
the birth canal, rupture of genital organs, prolapse of vagina, cervix, uterus
and other pelvic visceral organism, metabolic disorders, retained placenta,
metritis, puerperal laminitis, post – partum paraplegia and puerperal genital
infection.

VOBG – 811 Sexual behaviour in Male and Artificial Insemination (3+1)


Study of sexual behaviour, serving ability in male farm animals. Its relation
to fertility. Masculine and feminine characters. Introduction, advantages and
limitations, hygienic measures, semen collection methods, evaluation,
dilution and preservation of semen. Diseases transmitted through semen.
Factors affecting semen production. Care and management of A.I. bulls.
Handling liquid and frozen semen in the field.

VOBG – 812 Infertility in Male Domestic Animals (1+1)


Malformations of male genitalia, disturbance in sex drive, serving behaviour
and spermatogenesis, impotentia generendii and couendi.

VOBG – 813 Advanced Studies in Infectious Forms of Infertility (2+1)


in Domestic Animals
Specific and non – specific bacterial, viral, mycotic and protozoal diseases of
the female reproductive system. Various pathological condition leading to
infertility in females.

62
VOBG – 814 Advanced Studies in Non – Infectious Forms of (2+1)
Infertility in Domestic Animals
Hereditory and congenital anatomical abnormalities of the female
reproductive tract. Hormonal disturbances, nutritional deficiencies and
managemental factors affecting fertility in females. Immuno- reproduction
and infertility.

VOBG – 815 Advanced Studies in Veterinary Obstetrics (2+1)


Detailed studies of various obstetrical operations Caesarean section in
various domestic species. Ovariohyterectomy of small animals, ovariectomy,
episiotomy, Caslik's and Goetze's operations and vasectomy.

VOBG – 816 Advanced Studies in Andrology (2+1)


Physiology of the male reproduction, coital injuries and vices of the male.
Pathological,functional disturbances of the male genital organs. Andrological
investigations,diagnosis and treatment of infertility in male animals. Immuno
reproduction and infertility.

VOBG – 817 Advanced Studies in Artificial insemination and (2+2)


Frozen Semen Technology
(Cross listed with RB – 818)
Selection of bulls for A .I. work, technique of collection, evaluation, dilution
and preservation of bull, stallion, ram, dog and cock semen, chemical and
physical attribues of semen extenders, frozen semen dilution, semen
equilibration, packaging , deep freezing, handling of frozen semen, handling
of liquid nitrogen, care and maintenance of containers.

VOBG – 899 Special Problem (2+0)

VOBG – 900 Seminar (1+0)

63
X-VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY

NOTE: 1. Candidate having B.V.Sc. & A.H. or its equivalent degree will be admitted.

PAR – 801 Protozoology (2+1)


General account of protozoa, morphology, locomotion, nutrition, respiration,
excretion, secretion, reproduction and ecology, Classification of Protozoa.

PAR – 802 Advanced Protozoology (2+1)


Detailed study of ecology, geographical distribution, morphology, life –
cycle, pathogenesis, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of
protozoan parasites of veterinary and medical
importance.

PAR – 803 Advanced Trematodology and Cestodology (2+1)


Detailed study of distribution, morphology, life history, symptoms,
pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of trematodes and
cestodes of livestock.

PAR – 804 Advanced Nematodology (2+1)


Detailed study of distribution, morphology, life history, symptoms,
pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of nematode parasites of
livestock.

PAR – 805 Advanced Entomology (2+1)


Detailed study of occurrence, distribution, life history treatment and control
of the insects of medical and veterinary importance, collection and
preparation for study of parasitic insects. Rearing of some common parasitic
insects.

PAR – 806 Acarology -I (2+1)


(Parasitic Acarines – I)
Detailed study of ecology, occurrence, morphology, distribution, life cycle,
seasonal incidence, significance treatment and control of Acarines of
Medical and Veterinary importance.
64
PAR – 807 Advanced Acarology (2+1)
(Parasitic Acarines – II)
Detailed study of cuticle, capitulum and feeding mechanisms, feeding,
excretion, circulation, respiration, reproduction, development and life history
behaviour of ticks, seasonal activity and study in relation to diseases
communicable to domestic animals and man. Use of acaricides against
various species of ticks and its methodology.

PAR – 808 Clinical Parasitology (1+2)


Collection, preservation, staining and identification of protozoa, helminth
and arthropods affecting livestock. Qualitative and quantitative examination
of faecal material for diagnosis, methods of dispatching materials for
laboratory examination, transmission of infective agents into experimental
animals, staining of blood and organ smears, section cuttings and staining of
affected tissues and identification of different stages of the parasites,
Xenodiagnosis.

PAR – 809 Techniques in Parasitology (1+2)


Microscopy, micrometry and use of camera – Lucida and projection
microscope, collection, examination, fixation and preservation of
Parasitological specimens. Cultural and cultivation methods for different
parasites. Methods of life cycle studies, autopsy techniques for collection of
parasites, serological techniques, preparation of suitable permanent mounts
and museum specimens.

PAR – 810 Control of Livestock Parasites (1+1)


Chemical and biological methods, used in control of different stages and
intermediate hosts. Systematic insecticides and anthelmentics for ecto and
endoparasites. Toxic effects and antidotes for common anthelmintics,
insecticides and acaricides.

65
PAR – 811 Immunity to Helminths (3+1)
Introduction, host – parasite relationship, types and grades of immunity,
innate immunity, mechanism of host resistance, acquired immunity, effects
of immune reaction on helminths.
1. Reduction in number of mature worms.
2. Inhibition of larval development.
3. Self cure phenomenon.
4. The spring rise in faucal egg count.
Antigen antibody system, mechanism of serological manifestation of antigen
– antibody reaction. Techniques for detecting antibody specifically directed
against parasite antigen.
Immunity against : 1. Fasciola 2. Schistosoma. 3. Amphistomes.
4. Cysticercus. 5. Echinococcus. 6. Ascaris 7. Haemonchus
8. Anaculostoma 9. Strongyloides 10. Dictyocaulus 11. Filariidae.

PAR – 812 Immunity to Protozoa (2+1)


Introduction, host – parasite relationship, types and grades of immunity,
mechanism of host resistance, effects of immune reactions on Protozoa.

Mechanism of serological manifestation on antigen antibody reaction.


Techniques for detecting antibody specifically directed against parasite
antigen.
Immunity against Coccidia, Theileria, Babesia, Trypanosomes, Leishmania
and other Protozoan parasites of domesticated animals.

PAR – 813 Ovine and Caprine Parasitology (2+1)


Detailed study of protozoan and helminthic infection as well as ectoparasites
affecting sheep and goats.

PAR – 814 Bovine and Cameline Parasitology (2+1)


Detailed study of protozoan and helminthic infection as well as ectoparasites
affecting cattle, buffaloes and camels.

66
PAR – 815 Canine and Feline Parasitology (2+1)
Detailed study of protozoan and helminthic infection as well as ectoparasites
affecting carnivores.

PAR – 816 Avian Parasitology (2+1)


Detailed study of important species of trematodes, cestodes, nematodes,
protozoa, insects, ticks and mites, infesting fowl and other birds, their
morphology, life history, symptoms, pathogenesis, economic importance,
diagnosis and control.

PAR – 817 Parasitic Zoonoses (3+1)


Introduction, definition and classification of Zoonoses, Epizootiology and
epidemiology with ecology of host parasite relationship. Host reaction,
adaptation,spread of pathogens,factoss affecting their spreads, reservoir,
carriers, prevention and control of zoonotic parasitic diseases of livestock
and man.

PAR – 899 Special Problem (0+2)

PAR – 900 Seminar (1+0)

67
X. VETERINARY PATHOLOGY

NOTE : 1. Candidates having B.V.Sc. & A.H. degree may be admitted.

VPAT – 801 General Pathology including Oncology (2+1)


Introduction, History and scope of pathology, its relation with other
disciplines, causes of diseases. Disturbances in development, growth of cells
and circulation. Disturbances in the metabolism of cells, protein, fat,
carbohydrates, calcium and pigments. Necrosis, gangrene and somatic death.
Inflammation, healing and fever, Concretions, Neoplasm, its etiology,
appearance, classification, benign ness and malignancy, mode of spread,
results and methods of diagnosis.

VPAT – 802 Systemic Pathology – I (2+1)


Pathology of diseases of cardio – vascular, haemopoietic, respiratory,
digestive and urinary systems.

VPAT – 803 Systemic Pathology – II (2+1)


Pathology of diseases of genital, nervous, musculoskeletal, articular,
cutaneous, and endocrine systems. Diseases of ear and eye.

VPAT – 804 Clinical Pathology (1+2)


General principles and interpretation of materials meant for clinical
diagnosis.

VPAT – 805 Poultry Pathology (2+1)


Pathology of diseases of poultry.

VPAT – 806 Pathology of Diseases of Domestic Ruminants (2+1)


Pathology of common diseases of cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, and camels.

VPAT – 807 Pathology of Diseases of Domestic Non-Ruminants (2+1)


Pathology of common diseases of horses, dogs, cats and pigs.
68
VPAT – 808 Pathology of Diseases of Sheep and Goats (1+1)
Pathology of commonly occurring infectious and non-infectious diseases of
sheep and goats.

VPAT – 809 Pathology of Diseases of Horses, Camels and (1+1)


Pigs
Pathology of common diseases of horses, camels and pigs.

VPAT – 810 Pathology of Diseases of Dogs and Cats (1+1)


Pathology of common diseases of dogs and cats.

VPAT – 811 Pathology of Diseases of Laboratory Animals (1+1)


Pathology of common diseases of laboratory animals.

VPAT – 812 Pathology of Diseases of Wild Animals (1+1)


including Zoo Animals
Study of gross and microscopic lesions of diseases of wild animals including
zoo animals.

VPAT – 813 Pathology of Reproductive Diseases (1+1)


(Cross listed with RB – 814)
Pathology of male and female genital diseases of domestic animals.

VPAT – 814 Pathology of Surgical Disorders (1+1)


Pathology of naturally occurring surgical diseases of domestic animals.

VPAT – 815 Pathology of Parasitic Diseases (1+1)


Tissue reactions to parasites. pathology of common parasitic diseases of
domestic animals and poultry.

VPAT – 816 Pathology of Bacterial and Fungal Diseases (1+1)


Tissue reactions to bacteria and fungi – Pathology of common bacterial and
fungal diseases of domestic animals and poultry.

69
VPAT – 817 Pathology of Viral, Rickettsial and Chlamydial (1+1)
Diseases
Tissue reaction to viruses, rickettsia and chlamydia. Pathology of common
viral, rickettsial and chlamydial diseases of domestic animals and poultry.

VPAT – 818 Pathology of Nutritional Diseases and Metabolic (1+1)


Disorders
Pathogenesis, sequelae and lesions produced by nutritional diseases and
metabolic disorders.

VPAT – 819 Pathology of Poisons and Toxic Plants (1+1)


Pathology of diseases caused by common poisons and toxic plants.

VPAT – 820 Diagnostic Pathology (0+2)


Study of various diagnostic methods and tests employed in autopsy room and
laboratory.

VPAT – 821 Techniques in Veterinary Pathology (0+2)


Recent advances in the methods employed in research in the field of
veterinary pathology including necropsy procedures in various animals and
poultry birds, collection, preservation and fixation of pathological
specimens; museum techniques and various special staining procedures.

VPAT – 899 Special Problem (2+0)

VPAT – 900 Seminar (1+0)

70
XI. VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY

NOTE: 1. Candidates having B.V.Sc. & A. H., and B. Pharma degree may be admitted.
2. Number of deficiency courses will be decided by the advisory
committee from amongst the deficiency courses listed below:- APHB –
810, APHB – 807, VMI – 802, VMI – 803.

VPA-801 General Pharmacology (2+1)


Scope of Pharmacology, dose-response, relationship, mechanism of drug
action, absorption, distribution, biotransformation and excretion of drugs,
screening and testing of drugs, aspects of experimental pharmacology.

VPA-802 General Toxicology (2+1)


Definitions and fields of toxicology, classification and mechanism of action
of poisons, metabolism of poisons, toxicity of environmental pollutants, food
additives, carcinogens and teratogens, safety evaluation and interactions
between toxic substances, diagnosis and treatment of poisoning.

VPA-803 Pharmaco Kinetics (1+1)


Principles of Pharmacokinetics, factors modifying the kinetics of drugs,
pharmacokinetic models and their applications, determination of various
pharmacokinetics parameters and their significance in drug
pharmacodynamics.

VPA-804 Neuropharmacology (2+1)


Pharmacology of neurotransmitters related agents, inhalational anestnetics,
intravenous and other parenteral anesthetics, preanesthetic medication,
therapeutic gases, local anesthetics, hypnotics and sedative, psychotropic
agents, drugs affecting behaviour, non narcotic analgesics and analgesic
antagonists, narcotic analgesics, CNS stimulants, anticonvulsants.

VPA – 805 Techniques in Toxicology (0+1)

71
Collection of materials for toxicological investigation, calculation of TD50
and LD50, qualitative and quantitative estimation of poisons in tissues and
body fluids, application of toxicokinetic models, toxicity tests, estimation of
tissues and body fluid enzymes of toxicological significance.

VPA – 806 Pharmacology of Gastro – intestinal Tract (1+1)


Absorption of drugs from GIT, antacids, emetics and anti emetics, cathartics,
intestinal astringents and antidiarrhoeal agents, aspects of ruminant
pharmacology.

VPA – 807 Pharmacology of Indigenous Drugs (1+1)


General survey on the development in the field of indigenous drugs,
screening methods of indigenous medicinal plants, Pharmacology of
important indigenous drugs.

VPA – 808 Renal Pharmacology (1+1)


Acid – base regulations, general concepts of fluid therapy, transfusions and
other special considerations, diuretics and other agents employed in the
mobilization of edema fluid, agents affecting the renal conservation of water,
inhibitors of tubular transport of organic compounds urinary antiseptics,
drugs used in kidney studies.

VPA – 809 Endocrine Pharmacology (1+1)


(Cross listed with RB – 816)
General considerations, hormones of the pituitary gland and adrenal cortex,
hormones affecting reproduction, anabolic steroids, thyroid and anti thyroid
drugs, parathyroid and calcitonin, insulin and glucagon.

VPA – 810 Nutritional Pharmacology (1+0)


Fatsoluble vitamins, watersoluble vitamins. Calcium and phosphorus, trace
elements, growth promoters.

VPA – 811 Pharmacology of Autacoids (1+1)

72
General considerations, histamine and antihistamines, serotonin and
antiserotonins, angiotensin, plasma kinins and other vasoactive agents,
prostaglandins.

VPA – 812 Chemotherapy (2+1)


General considerations, sulfonamides, antibiotics, miscellaneous
antibacterials, antifungal and antiviral agents, antituberclosis drug,
antiseptics and disinfectants, chemotherapy of neoplastic diseases,
ectoparasiticides, anthelmentics, antiprotozoan drug, drugs used against other
parasitic diseases.

VPA – 813 Chemotherapy of parasitic Diseases (1+0)


Control of external parasites, antinematodal drug, anticestodal and
antitrematodal drugs, coccidiostats, antitrypanosomal and antiprotozoan
drug, drugs used against other parasitic infections.

VPA – 814 Cardiovascular Pharmacology (1+1)


Principles of electrocardiography, digitalis and other inotropic agents,
antiarrhythmic drugs, vasodilator drugs, hemostatic and anticoagulant drugs,
antihypertensive drugs, antianemic drugs

VPA – 815 Autonomic Pharmacology (2+1)


Neurohumoral transmission, adrenergic drugs, drugs inhibiting adrenergic
nerves and blocking adrenergic receptors, cholinergic agonists,
anticholonesterase agents, antimuscarinic drugs, ganglionic stimulating and
blocking agents, neuromuscular blocking agents.

VPA – 816 Advanced Toxicology (2+1)


Principles of toxicology, types of toxicology, qualitative and quantitative
aspects of metabolism of toxicants, injuries caused by toxicants, toxicology
of mineral or inorganic substances, organic compounds, solvents, vapors,
poisonous plants, toxins of animal and plant origins, radiation hazards,
regulatory and forensic toxicology.

VPA – 817 Metabolism of Drugs and Xenobiotics (1+1)

73
Factors influencing drug and Xenobiotics metabolism, bioavailability and
translocation, hepatic and extra hepatic metabolism, comparative pattern of
biotransformation of drugs and Xenobiotics in animals, biological reactive
intermediates.

VPA – 899 Special Problem (2+0)

VPA – 900 Seminar (1+0)

74
XII. VETERINARY SURGERY

NOTE : 1. Candidates having B.V.Sc. & A. H., may be admitted.


2. Prerequisite courses will be decided by the advisory committee in view of
the candidate's background.
3. In addition, each major and minor student has to attend clinics daily for 2
hours in all the semesters and major student will have to record at east 100
cases and minor student at least 40 cases of clinical importance during this
course.

VSUR – 801 Abdominal Surgery (1+2)


Specific diagnosis, diagnostic procedures and surgical treatment of
abdominal diseases of bovines, equines, ovines and caprines.

VSUR – 802 Thoracic Surgery (1+2)


Surgical affections of the thorax including oesophagotomy and various
approaches to thorax in large and small animals.

VSUR – 803 Management of Surgical Patients (2+2)


Examination and evaluation of surgical patients with special reference to
the surgical risks. Pre and post – surgical care and management, care of
the patient in the operating room and animal nursing. Hospital
management and administration, record keeping. Ethics of clinical
practice, study of response of patients to trauma and other surgical
affections. Post – operative complications and their management.

VSUR – 804 General Surgery (2+1)


Inflammation, wounds – classification, normal wound healing,
management of wounds, principles of surgical drainage etc. Regeneration
and repair of various tissues. Systemic response to injury. Fluid and
electrolyte balance, nutrition in surgery. Shock and haemorrhage.
Surgical infections and their treatment. Thermal injuries.
VSUR – 805 Experimental Surgery (1+2)
75
History and study of procedures in experimental surgery. Experimental
procedure in G.I. Tract. Transplantation and reconstructive surgery.

VSUR – 806 Surgery of Small Animals (2+2)


Study of surgical affections of head, neck abdomen, Genito - urinary
tract and mammary glands in dogs and cats. Cosmetic surgery in small
animals.

VSUR – 807 Orthopaedic Surgery (1+2)


Surgery of bones, joints and musculoskeletal systems of large and small
animals. Study of modern methods of reduction and immobilization in
the treatment of fracture.

VSUR – 808 Anaesthesiology General (2+1)


Historical background, introduction to anaesthesia, procedure and
evaluation of patients for anaesthesia and selection of anaesthetic
methods. Limitations of local, regional and general anaesthesia in
veterinary practice. Emergencies and accidents of anaesthesia.
Preanesthetic considerations.

VSUR – 809 Anaesthesiology Special (2+1)


Regional and general anaesthesia in domestic animals. Balanced
anaesthesia. Accident and emergencies. Various anesthetic procedures
including electro narcosis. Anaesthesia of laboratory animals, control and
anaesthesia of wild and captive animals.

VSUR – 810 Radiology (2+1)


History, Routine and contrast radiographs. Radiographic interpretation.
Fluoroscopy. Study of radiographs.

VSUR – 811 Advanced Radiology (2+1)


Biological hazards of X – rays. therapeutic uses of X – rays and other
rays. Different kinds of radiations. Radioisotopes and their therapeutic
uses.

76
VSUR – 812 Veterinary Opthalmology (2+1)
Diagnosis and treatment of various affections of the eye of large and
small animals.

VSUR – 813 Veterinary Physio and Electrotherapy (1+1)


Study of various Physio therapeutic agents in veterinary practice. Study
of electrotherapy, infrared and ultraviolet therapy, Diathermy.

VSUR – 814 Urogenital Surgery in Large Animals (2+1)


Study of surgical affections of Urinary and Genital system including
mammary glands. Their diagnosis and treatment.

VSUR – 899 Special Problem (2+0)

VSUR – 900 Seminar (1+0)

77
XIV. VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH

NOTE : Candidate having B.V.Sc. & A.H. may be admitted.

VPH – 801 Veterinary Public Health and Its Significance (2+0)


Defination of Veterinary Public Health, historical development of VPH.
Veterinary Research impact upon zoonoses. Current functions of
Veterinarian in public health, Veterinary role in rural life, food production,
laboratory animal medicine, comparative biology and medicine, mental
health etc. Veterinary Public Health series at International, National, State,
Regional level.

VPH – 802 Advances in Zoonoses (3+1)


(Cross listed with VMI – 820)
Zoonoses classification, Emerging zoonoses, Changing Pattern of Zoonoses,
animal as agents of disease, Role of domestic vertebrates, cold blooded
vertebrates, laboratory animals, wild and zoo animals, caged and domestic
birds in the zoonoses, Studies on the important zoonoses, caused by virus,
bacteria, rickettsia Chlamydia, fungus, protozoa, helminthes, Various
approaches for the control and eradication of zoonoses, Extra, human
reservoirs of sapro – zoonoses, Recent advances in the diagnosis and
epidemiology of sapro – zoonoses.

VPH – 803 Disease Surveillance (3+0)


(Cross listed with VMI – 819)
Defination of surveillance, surveillance data sources. Collation ands
expression of surveillance data. Prompt dissemination of surveillance
information, Preventive value of surveillance, Herd level surveillance,
Retrospective and prospective surverys. Multiple determinants of disease,
Modes of disease transmission, Dynamic of disease transmission, Herd
immunity, Principles of epidemic and disease investigation, Causes of mass
disease, Case studies of important zoonoses, Surveillance of dog, livestock
and human population, Application of disease surveillance in the
management of zoonoses.
VPH – 804 Occupational Health (2+1)

78
Scope and objective of occupational health, occupational environmental.
Occupational health in India, Occupational diseases due to physical,
chemical and biological agents, Occupational cancers, Farmer's lung disease,
Silicosis, Bagasosis, Asbestosis, Occupational hazards due to radiation,
Occupational zoonoses of Veterinarian, dairy farmers, livestock raiser, bird
keeper laboratory personnel, animal attendant, agricultural worker, zoo
worker, industrial worker, butchers, fisherman, pet owners, slaughter house
worker, skin, hide, bone and other animal product processing worker etc.
Measures for the general health Protection of workers, prevention of
occupational diseases.

VPH – 805 Environmental Pollution (3+1)


Effect of environmental on man and animals, Emerging environmental
hazards, Epidemiological monitoring of environmental hazards using animal
model. Air pollution, Sources of air pollution, Indication of air pollution,
Health effects of air pollution, Disinfection of air. Sources of water pollution,
Health effects of unwholesome water, Chlorination of water, Microbiological
examination of water, Sources of radiation exposure, Types of radiation,
Potency of radiation, Biological effects of radiation protection against
radiation, Sources of refuge, Public health significance of human and animal
excreta, Methods of excreta disposal, Microbial and parasitic health hazards
due to pollution of environment.

VPH – 806 Ecology of Zoo and Wild Animals in Zoonoses (2+1)


Definition of ecology, Ecological changes and diseases patterns. Concept of
wild life, Classification of important birds and animals found in zoo and wild
life Preliminary information on their biological data, housing nutrition etc.
Ecological association of Cryptococcus Neoformans, Aspergillus fumigates,
Nocardia asteroids and other potential/ opportunitistic pathogens in avain
and mammals habitats, Public health significance of zoo and wild animals in
the maintenance and transmission of zoonotic agents, Measures to prevent
zooanthroponoses in zoological gardens.

VPH – 807 Food Borne and Water Borne Diseases (3+1)


(Cross listed with VMI – 821)
Classification of food borne infections and intoxications, Sources of
microbial contamination of foods, Role of food handlers in the transmission
79
of infections. Study of illness resulting from ingestion of contaminated/
infected foods, Epidemiological study of important food borne diseases such
as Salmonellosis, Botulism, Trichinellosis, Staphylococcosis, Q-fever
Brucellosis, Methods of prevention of food borne diseases, Characteristics of
water, Laboratory testing of water, Bacteriological standards of water, Water
related diseases, Sanitary measures to prevent water borne infections.

VPH – 808 Public Health Diagnosis (1+2)


Collection of suitable clinical materials from infectious diseases. Food borne
epidemic etc., Preservation, transportation, processing of various specimens
on different selective and differential culture media, Animal pathogenecity
test, Serological and immunological techniques employed for the diagnosis
of important zoonoses.

VPH – 809 Food Preservation (2+1)


Principles of food preservation, Various methods of preservation of meat,
milk, fish, egg, poultry sea, foods and other food products, Physical and
chemical changes in stored meat, Effect of curing on pathogenic
microorganisms, Effect of freezing on organisms and parasites, Affections of
imported meat, Types of spoilage, Public health aspects of canned foods.

VPH – 810 Abattoir and Meat Inspection (2+1)


Design of abattoir, construction, operation, management. Principles of
abattoir hygiene in the prevention of diseases, Abattoir efftuent treatment,
Sanitation in abattoir, Principles of meat inspection, Types of inspection,
Aim and objectives of ante mortem and post – mortem examination in food
animals, Procedure for post mortem inspection, Affections of specific parts,
Infectious diseases which render total seizme of the carcass.

VPH – 811 Animal Products and Their Public Health Significance (2+1)
(Cross listed with VMI – 822)
General principles of food hygiene, Composition and nutritive value of
various animal products, Bacteriological standards of meat, milk, poultry fish
etc., Chemical residues in milk, meat and other food products, Action of
foreign chemicals in the body, Residue monitoring and surveillance, Source

80
of micro – organisms in animal products, Determination of microbial
spoilage, Detection of the common adulterants in food products.

VPH – 812 Advances in Poultry Products Technology (2+1)


Definition of Poultry, Characteristics of fresh poultry, Slaughter and
dressing, Hygienic aspects of poultry, Processing, ante mortem and post
mortem examination of the carcass, Diseased conditions in poultry caused by
viruses, bacteria, Chlamydia, fungi, parasites etc. Condemnation of whole or
part of carcass according to condition, Preservation of poultry meat and its
products, Disposal of diseased poultry carcass and parts.

VPH – 813 Advances in Meat and Meat Products Technology (2+1)


Definition of beef, mutton, chevon, varison, pork etc, Methods of transport
of food animals, Infections and injuries encountered during transportation.
Composition of muscles, connective tissues and fat deposition in the carcases
of various meat animals, Different techniques of slaughter, Influences of
feeding on animal tissues, Physical and chemical changes in meat,
Characteristics of meat and fat of various animals, Chemical and biological
tmethods for differentiation of meats of different species, Substitution and
differentiation of carcass, Meat grading, processing and utilization of edible
meat and its products.

VPH – 814 Livestock and Poultry By – products (2+0)


Definition of by products, Need for the processing of by-products, Sources
and availability of by – products, Collection and handling of by-products,
Processing and economic utilization of various by-products. Such as bone,
fat, gut, casing, offal, stomach, intestines, pancreas, hoof, horn, hair, bristle
etc. Nutritive value of poultry by – products, Effect of processing on
nutritive value, Biologicals, prepared from by-products and their uses in
human and veterinary medicine.

VPH – 899 Special Problems (2+0)

VPH – 900 Seminar (1+0)

81
POULTRY SCIENCE

1. PSC 801 Farm Poultry Production 2+1


Evolution of the modern poultry production business with special reference to
India. Biology of the fowls with particular reference to egg formation and
laying. Poultry houses and equipments. Brief outline of incubation and
management of chicks. Management of layers and broilers. Principles and
practices of feeding poultry. Eggs and poultry meat, their composition and
nutritive value. Egg products handling storage, processing, marketing and
transport of eggs and poultry meat. Maintenance of poultry flock health.
Poultry development plans and projects. .
Practical:
1. Replacement cycle, all in all out system. 2. Moulting. 3. Egg quality
studies. 4. Broiler, layer farming and hatchery operation returns. 5. Rearing
methodology and economics. 6. Debeaking, dubbing and culling of birds. 7.
Cleaning and disinfection of poultry houses. 8. Health calendar.

2. PSC 802 Hatchery and its Management 2+1


Importance and role of hatcheries in Poultry Production business. Brief outline
of principles and practices of poultry breeding. Role of hatcheries in genetic
improvement of poultry. Evolution of the modern hatchery business. Flock
selection. Hatching eggs; their selection, care and storage. Incubation
principles and practice, Different types of incubators and their operation.
Factors affecting hatchability of eggs. Hatchery management problems.
Economics of hatchery business. Factors affecting the hatchery profits.
Organization of' work in the hatchery. Marketing, services and delivery of
chicks. Hatchery sanitation and hygiene. Planning and layout of hatchery
buildings. Hatcheries, Franchisers and Poultry breeding farms in India.
Practical:
1. Selection of hatching egg. 2. Cleaning and disinfection of hatching egg. 3.
Preservation methodology. 4. Setting and candling of eggs. 5. Delivery and
transport of chicks. 6. Design of hatchery building. 7. Sanitation and
fumigation. 8. Disinfection of hatchery.

3. PSC 803 Management of Growing; Laying and Meat Birds


3+0
Management and rearing of birds of different ages. Lighting in poultry,
principles and methods
of selection for higher production of poultry eggs and meat. Maintenance of
fertility and egg quality on the farm. Record keeping.

82
4. PSC 804 Poultry Building and Equipments
2+1
Selection of site and location of poultry farm, Housing pattern for economic
production. Physiological and managerial basis of requirement of structures
and equipments, labour saving farm equipments, its maintenance and services
including lighting arrangement. Construction costs, care and management of
farm buildings.
Practical:
1. Design of waterers and feeders for growers, layers and meat birds, other
equipments. 2. Working calendar. 3. Housing design.

5. PSC 805 Poultry Products 2+0


Frozen liquid eggs and egg solids. Factors determining egg quality and meat
quality. Measurement of egg and meat quality. Important egg products. Non
edible poultry products.

6. PSC 806 Poultry Processing 2+0


Technological principles and practices involved in preservation and processing
of poultry eggs and meat. Nutritive value of eggs and meat. Egg grading, egg
cleaning, freezing and drying of eggs, dressing poultry.

7. PSC 807 Management of Layer and Broiler Breeders 2 + 1


Housing and Management of Layer and Broiler Breeders. Lighting schedule in
poultry and its physiology. Effect of temperature on Production. Moulting.
Nutritional Requirement of Layer and Broiler Breeders - Maintenance of
Fertility in Breeding stocks -Feed restriction and phase feeding. Random
Sample Production Performance Test. Collection and sanitation of hatching
eggs.
Practical:
Feed consumption data, economics of broiler raising, broiler condemnation,
design of housing, ventilation, cooling shed under summer stress, winter and
monsoon management. Rodent control.

8. PSC 808 Management of Duck, Quail and Turkey 2 + 1


Genetical, Physiological and Behaviora1 aspect of Duck, Quail and Turkey.
Management of Breeder flock. Fertility, Hatching, Breeding and Raising.
Management for meat and egg Production. Laying cycle, sexual maturity, egg
weight. Nutritional requirements of duck. quail and turkey. Economics of
duck, quail and turkey farming. Common Diseases and health programme.
Practical:
1. Nutritional requirements. 2. Managemental problems and their solutions. 3.
Calculation of economics of raising duck, quail and turkey

83
9. PSC 809 Management of guinea fowl and geese 2+1
Genetical, Physiological and Behaviora1 aspect of guinea and geese.
Management of Breeder flock. Fertility, Hatching, Breeding and Raising.
Management for meat and egg Production. Laying cycle, sexual maturity, egg
weight. Nutritional requirements of guinea and geese. Economics of guinea
and geese farming. Common Diseases and health programme.
Practical:
1. Nutritional requirements. 2. Managemental problems and their solutions. 3.
Calculation of economics of raising guinea and geese

10. PSC 810 Poultry Product Technology -Eggs . 2+1


Factors affecting egg quality. Deterioration of egg quality during storage and
its preventive measures. Freezing and dehydration of liquid egg. Microscopic
structure and composition of shell membrane and egg protein, Physico-
chemical and functional properties of egg nutrients, Chal1anges in egg
proteins during processing and storage. Egg lipid, physico-chemical and
functional properties. Fatty acids: Saturated and Unsaturated Micronutrients in
eggs . Vitamins and minerals and their losses during storage. Yolk Pigments.
Manufacture processes of egg products. Utilization of damaged Egg.
Evaluation of egg shell quality. Physical Evaluation of egg yolk color.
Functional Properties of egg white and yolk. Foam volume and Stability.
Determination of egg cholesterol , free fatty acids and TBA value. Processed
egg products.

Practical:
1. Spoilage of egg. 2. Methods of preservation of egg. 3. Composition of egg.
4. Grading of eggs, 5. Measurement of interior egg quality. 6. Different egg
preparations.

11. PSC 811 Poultry Product Technology -Meat 2+ 1


Development in poultry processing. Design and Layout of poultry processing
plant and its
Sanitation. Carcass yield and meat quality comparison of different poultry
species. Biochemical characteristics and nutritive value of fresh poultry meat.
Factor influencing carcass yield and meat quality. Quality changes in fresh
and processed meat during processing and preservation -Tenderization of
Poultry Meat . Deboning of Poultry and characteristics of deboned meat.
Effect of cooking on meat quality. Development of further processed Poultry
Products and their quality control. Evaluation and grading of dressed chicken.
Physico-chemical evaluation of poultry meat. Different methods of cooking
poultry meat. Evaluation of poultry meat tenderness. Subjective Development
of some convenient
poultry products.
84
Practical:
1. Spoilage of meat. 2. Methods of preservation of meat. 3. Grading of carcass.
4. Carcass yield and meat quality evaluation. 5. Preparation of tandoori,
sausage and patties.

12. PSC 812 Management of disposal of Poultry Waste 1 + 1


Types, Yield and Characteristics of Processing Waste. Wet and Dry rendering
processes for Waste Disposal. Utilization of Blood, Feather and Poultry
Byproducts for the livestock and Pet Feeding. Processing of feathers for
Industrial use. Processing of shank and bones. Processing and Utilization of
Abdominal fat, Immature ova and Shell less eggs, Chemical composition and
nutritive value of various Poultry Byproducts meals for Livestock Feeding -
Poultry Processing Plant Waste and Water Treatment -Biodegradation of
processing Waste -Manurial value of Poultry Processing Wastes -Composition
and Uses of Poultry Litter - Disposal of Hatchery Waste – Disposal of Dead
Birds.
Practical:
1. Demonstration of various waste materials of poultry farm, hatchery,
slaughter houses, biological etc. and their composition. 2. Use of poultry waste
material for agriculture, animal feed, industrial purpose etc. 3. Methods of
disposal of died birds. 4. Preparation of blood meal, poultry by product meal
and feather meal. 5. Processing of abdominal fat.

13. PSC 813 Artificial Insemination in Poultry. 1+1


Male and Female Reproductive tract of Poultry. Factors influencing
development of Sex glands. Sexual Maturity, Semen Production - Semen
Characteristics, Preservation, Semen Extenders .Methodology of Semen
Collection and Insemination. Fertility Pattern and Insemination. Insemination
v/s Natural Mating.
Practical:
1. Poultry semen evaluation, methodology of semen collection and
insemination. 2. Study of male and female reproductive tract of poultry. 3. Use
of semen diluters. 4. Demonstration of A. I. Equipments for poultry.

14. PSC 814 Conservation of Poultry germ plasm and Rural Poultry
Farming 2+1
Poultry Breeds of India and other country -Breed Characteristics of Various
Poultry Breeds of World -Needs and Methods of Conservation- Benefits of
Rural Poultry Farming. Benefit Cost ratio of Rural poultry Farming- Breeds
suitable for Rural Poultry Farming. Management and Housing under Rural
Poultry Farming. Feeding of Birds under Rural Poultry farming.
Practical:
1. Demonstration of various poultry breeds. 2. Benefit cost ratio of rural
poultry farming. 3. Models of rural poultry farming. 4. Housing and feeding
methods.
85
15. PSC 815 Management of Stress in Poultry 2+0
Stress definition -Type of Stress -Basic Model of Stress causes and effect
relationship –Stress and production traits -Hot temperature stress -Parasitic
infection worm load -Physiology of Stress – Genetics of Social Dominance -
Density dependent Stress -Model housing of Chick grower, Layer cage
housing. Ventilation and Feeder space - Design of Housing, Cooling shed
under Summer Stress.

16. PSC 816 Commercial Poultry Farming 2+1


National Economy and Poultry Production, Egg and Meat Production and
Consumption- Commercial Layer and Broiler farming- Capital Investment
bank loans and facilitates recurring cost – Replacement cost and net income –
Maximizing Returns -Major factors influencing profit -Production market
demand -Labour unit flock depreciation and Market pricing pattern – Feed
conversion and Efficiency viability maximizing returns -Replacement cycle -
All in All out system -Moulting -Persistency and Producing efficiency index
calculation -Egg quality studies - Layer and Broiler farming & Returns from
Hatcheries.
Practical:
1. Replacement cycle, all in all out, moulting, persistency, performance
efficiency index calculation. 2. Egg quality studies. 3. Return from broiler
farming and hatchery operations.

17. PSC 817 Recent advances in Poultry Production and


Management 2 + 1
Biosecurity and Concepts of Poultry Welfare -Probiotics and Enzymes -
Poultry Behavior – Review of research in Poultry behavior and recent concepts
-Modern trend in Poultry farm Housing and Equipments -Use of Computer in
Poultry Farming- Use pf Alternative Medicines and Growth Promoters in
Poultry in view of Human Welfare and Global Marketing - Human Resource
Development in Poultry.
Practical:
1. Use of computer soft wares for data collection and analysis. 2. Types of bio-
security. 3. Housing designs and use of modern equipments for feeding,
watering, egg collection, disinfection, and environment control etc.

18. PSC 818 Crisis and Disaster Management in Poultry


industry 1+1
Management of Poultry during various crises and disaster periods for
economical Poultry Farming.
Practical:
1. Long term storage methods for egg and poultry meat. 2. Methods to
counteract natural calamities.
3. Categories of crisis and disaster.
86
19. PSC 819 Selection methods 2+1
Natural and artificial selection, basis of selection. Different methods of
selection and their relative efficiency, limits to selection, prediction and
measurement of response, factors affecting response. Genetic gains and
realized heritability. Indirect selection and correlated response, intra v/s inter
population selection. Control population, types of control populations,
advantages and disadvantages. Considerations to be made in design of control
population.
Practical:
1. Estimation of population mean, selection differential, intensity of selection,
response, correlated response, realized heritability.
20. PSC 820 Avian molecular genetics 1+1
DNA as genetic material, DNA replication, transcription and translation.
Introduction to rDNA technology as applied to poultry molecular marker
including RFLP and DFP transgenesis.
Practical:
1.Extraction and purification of poultry genomic DNA. 2. evaluation of
purity and concentration of genomic DNA. 3. Evaluation of quality of DNA. 4.
Restriction endonuclease analysis. 5. Demonstration of RAPD, PCR
technique.6. Determination of molecular sizes of DNA bands.

21. PSC 899 Special Problem 0+2

22. PSC 900 Seminar 1+0

CROSS LISTED COURSES:


23. PSC 821 Poultry Breeding-I 2+0
(Cross listed with AGB 821)
Inheritance of plumage colour, comb shape, dwarf gene and important lethal
genes and other qualitative traits in poultry. Measurement of growth, egg, meat
and feed efficiency traits of economic importance, genetic and environmental
variations affecting these traits.

24. PSC 822 Poultry Breeding-II 2+0


(Cross listed with AGB 822)
Selection for increase in egg production and other economic traits in poultry.
Mating systems including pure line breeding, strain crossing, breed crossing
and inbreeding hybridization. Selection on the basis of crossbred performance
and reciprocal recurrent selection programme.

25. PSC 823 Advanced Poultry Breeding 3+0


(Cross listed with AGB 823)
Historical, Current status and modern trends in commercial poultry breeding,
performance testing, experimental design and analysis for quantitative genetic
87
experiments. Control population, breeding methods to improve efficiency of
egg production, Part and early records as criteria for selection, Social
environment in relation to production.

26. PSC 824 Applied Poultry Nutrition 3+0


(Cross listed with AN 814)
Importance of quality control of feeds. Feeding systems. Feedstuffs for
poultry. Purchasing poultry feeds. Use of feed additives including Antibiotics,
Hormones, Anti-oxidants, Unidentified growth factors. Methods of
determining nutrient requirements of poultry. Feeding of various classes of
poultry and feeding Standard. Restricted feeding, special features of cage layer
nutrition. Feed formulation for poultry, I.S.I. Specifications.

27. PSC 825 Feed Processing and Technology 3+1


(Cross listed with AN 815)
Processing of concentrates. Processing of roughages, Improvement of low
quality roughages. Complete feeds, Adulteration of feeds. Liquid feeds,
Augmentation of new cattle feed sources.
Practical:
1-Lay out and design of pilot scale feed plants.2-Commericial feed plants.3-
Scheduling the purchase of raw material.4-Evalution and testing of quality of
raw material by physical, chemical and microscopic analysis.5-Demonstration
of grinder, mixer and palletizer in complete feed manufacturing plants.6-Least
cost feed formulation.7-Measurement of bulk density and absorbance of
different feed formulation.8-Estimation of finished feed and modulus of
uniformity and modulus of fineness. 9- Energy management and
environmental management in a feed plant. 10- Sanitation and pest
management. 11- Visit to co operative cattle feed factory and ingredient ware
houses.
28. PSC 826 Poultry pathology 2+1
(Cross listed with VPAT 805)
Pathology of diseases of poultry.
Practical:
1. Post mortem techniques in poultry. 2. Interpretation of gross lesions of
various diseases of poultry.

29. PSC 827 Avian Parasitology 2+1


(Cross listed with PAR 816)
Detail study of important species of trematods, cystods, nematodes, protozoa,
insects, ticks and mites infecting fowl and other birds, their morphology, life
history, symptoms, pathogenesis, economic importance, diagnosis and control.
Practical:

88
1. Material or materials to be collected for parasitic infection of birds. 2.
Identification of the species of parasite. 3. Various methods used for
demonstration of parasitic from collected material or materials.

30. PSC 828 Diseases of Poultry 3+1


(Cross listed with VM 810)
Specific and non-specific avian diseases and their treatment and control
measures.
Practical:
1. Hematological examination of poultry. 2. Faecal examination.

31. PSC 829 Avian physiology 2+1


(Cross listed with APHB 811)
Avian hematology, circulatory system, digestive system, respiratory and
urinary system, Endocrine and reproduction. Reproductive rhythms of avian.
Practical:
1. Hematological parameters of poultry.

32. PSC 830 Physiology of adaptation and stress 2+0


(Cross listed with APHB 815)
Principles of animal adaptation. World distribution of domestic animals and
effects of environmental changes on morphological and productive characters
of animals and bird. Methods of adaptation of biological rhythms.

89
Minor field permissible:

Animal Genetics & Breeding


Veterinary Biotechnology
Animal Nutrition
Livestock Products Technology
Livestock Production
Veterinary Pathology
Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry
Veterinary Microbiology

90
ANIMAL BIOTECNOLOGY
1 Molecular Genetics (ANBT 101) (2+1)
Model Genetic System: Lambda , E. coli, Neurospora, yeast,
Drosophila, Arabidopsis and Maize. Principles of inheritance, qualitative and
quantitative traits, DNA as genetic material, source of genetic variation.
Molecular basis of genetic variation, induced mutagenesis: Physical, chemical
and biological. Site directed mutagenesis; Gene transfer in prokaryotes:
Conjugation, Transformation and Transduction. Fine structure analysis of
gene, complementation and test of allelism, changing concept of gene,
prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes, genome complexity, repetitive vs.
unique DNA sequences, chromatin and chromosome structures. DNA and
chromosome replication, artificial chromosomes, genetic recombination and
repair; chromosome mapping: Genetic, physical and molecular maps,
molecular mapping and tagging of genes, marker assisted selection; Structural
organization of genes in prokaryotes & eukaryotes. Operon concept: gene
expression and regulation, positive and negative controls. Genetics of
antibody diversity, molecular genetics of cell division and ageing, DNA
fingerprinting and biodiversity, functional genomics.
Practical
Bacterial and phage titre estimation; Growth kinetic studies;
Characterization of bacterial strains for antibiotic and drug resistance; Induced
mutagenesis: Chemical, physical, biological and site directed; gene transfer
methods and gene mapping in bacteria; complementation test; Analysis of
gene regulation employing E.coli mutants; Construction of restriction maps;
construction of molecular maps, gene mapping and QTL analysis; DNA
fingerprinting. Estimation of genetic diversity and phylogenetic analysis.
2. Molecular Biology (ANBT 102) (2+1)
Historical development of molecular biology, Chemistry &
structure of DNA and RNA; biosynthesis of purine and pyrimidine.
Nucleotides and their regulation. Genome organization in
prokaryotes and eukaryotes, chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA:
Molecular structure and function. Chromatin structure and function.
DNA replication, repetitive and non repetitive DNA, satellite DNA;
transcription processes, RNA editing & RNA processing,
ribosomes, structure & function, organization of ribosomal RNA
genes, genetic code, aminoacyl tRNA synthetases; translation and
post translational modifications, nucleases and restriction enzymes,
DNA sequencing.
Practical
Preparations of buffers and solutions; Isolation of genomic DNA from
crop plants; Isolation of total RNA & poly (A)+ RNA; Agarose gel

91
electrophoresis of DNA and RNA; Determination of base composition of
DNA; measurement of re-association kinetics and Tm of genomic DNA;
Restriction analysis of genomic DNA; radio-labelling of DNA (probe
making); Southern blotting & hybridization; Isolation of ribosomes, rRNA &
r-proteins; in vitro translation and PAGE of in vitro translated products; DNA
sequencing.
3. Cell biology (ANBT 103) (1+1)
Evolution and cell theory, general structure and constituents of plant
cells, similarities and distinctions between plant and animal cells. Cell wall,
cell membrane, cell surface related functions; endoplasmic reticulum, nuclear
structure, synthesis and functions, cyto-skeletal elements, structure and
function of major organelles, chromosome, chloroplast, mitochondria,
ribosomes in relation to cell growth and division, specialized cell in various
tissues, regulation of cell cycle and cell division. Regulation of cellular
function by growth and factors and hormones.
Practical
Fractionation of tissues and cells; Isolation of cellular organelles and
macromolecules; chromatography; ultracentrifugation techniques, Electrophoresis;
microscopic preparations, specimen and staining procedure.
4. Genetic Engineering : Principles & Methods (ANBT 104) (3+1)
Recombinant DNA technology , characteristic of vectors derived from
bacterial plasmids, phages and plant and animal viruses; Restriction enzymes;
DNA cloning strategies, preparation and screening of genomic and cDNA
libraries; Identification and isolation of structural genes and regulatory
elements, changing genes; site-directed mutagenesis; transfer of cloned DNA
and expression of cloned genes into foreign cells; bacteria plants & animal,
cells; Problem in gene transfer & expression; Potential applications of genetic
engineering in agriculture, medicine and industry; Genetic engineering of
secondary metabolites, analysis of bio-safety aspects of gene manipulation;
antisense RNA; ribozymes; PCR, DNA sequencing; The impact of
recombinant DNA technology; bio-safety aspects & patents .

Practical
Isolation of plasmid DNA and restriction; isolation of plant DNA and
restriction; isolation of virus DNA and restriction; Agarose gel electrophoresis
of restricted DNA samples; cloning in phage and plasmid based vectors;
transduction of E. coli and in vitro packaging; preparation of radio labelled
DNA probe; Southern blotting and hybridization; isolation and identification

92
of positive clones; cloning and sub cloning; DNA sequencing by Sanger's
dideoxy method.
5. Bioinformatics (ANBT 105) (1+1)
Introduction – History – Application. Biomolecules – Nucleic acid,
Protein, Carbohydrate, Lipid. Biological Databases. Biocomputing Languages.
Bioinformatics Softwares. Data mining and Sequence Analysis. Similarity
Searches. Multiple Sequence Alignment. Prediction methods for 3 –D
structure. Submitting Sequence to Database.

Practical

Biological Database. Bioinformatics Software : Cluster W,


Oligopromer. Analysis Software, Tree view, Alscript, Rasmol, Phylip,
Linkage Analysis. Data Mining Software : MCBI, BLAST. Multiple
Sequence Allignment : MULTI ALIN, BLOCKS, MOST, PROBE. Structure
Prediction Software : ssPRED, SOPMA.

A.2 Optional Courses


1. Animal Tissue Culture (AnBT 801) (1+2)
Animal cell growth requirements, types of animal cell cultures.
continuous cell lines, monolayer culture. suspension culture, hybridoma
technique and short term blood cell culture.
Practicals
Establishment and maintenance of cell lines, short term lymphocyte culture.
2. Analytical Methods in Animal Biotechnology (AnBT 802) (0+2)
Quantitative estimation of various proteins. enzymes. minerals and
hormones using spectrophotometer. colorimeter. GLC and HPLC. RIA and
ELISA. etc. Basic techniques in electrophoresis (gel electrophoresis).
Multichrome staining technique and fluorescent labelling.
3. Biotechnology for Livestock Productivity (AnBT 803) (1+0)
Biotechnology- problems, prospects in Asia.
Important livestock products- their importance to human and industry-
basic properties and market acceptance of milk. meat, egg. wool. pelt etc.
Manipulation for higher productivity and compositions of livestock products.
Bioconversion. Future consumers and industrial demands. International
regulations for consumption and trade of genetically modified livestock
products.
93
4. Animal Cytogenetic Techniques in Animal Production (AnBT 804)
(2+1)
Cell division and Cell cycle, lymphocyte cell culture, Preparation of the
metaphase chromosomes, Chromosome structure and organization,
Chromometry and chromosome staining- Giemsa staining, G bending, C
bending, R bending, NOR bending, Fluorescent bending, Sister chromatid
exchange (SCE), High resolution bending. In situ hybridization and FISH
technique.
Detection of chromosomal abnormalities, classification, its effects on
animal reproduction and production. Applications of cytogenetic techniques in
animal breeding, clinical cytogenetics, Chromosomes and cancer. Gene
mapping and somatic cell hybridization.
Practicals:
Setting up of lymphocyte culture, preparation of metaphase
chromosomes from blood, bone marrow and cell lines, Various staining
methods, SCE, Chromosomes from cancer tissues, etc.
5. Molecular Genetic Techniques in Livestock Improvement (AnBT 805)
(2+1)
Gene specific to qualitative and quantitative traits- isolation and
characterization of major genes using DNA based markers i.e. microsatellites,
SSCP. PCR-RAPD. PCR-RFLP. SNP. etc.. Pedigree analysis, Estimation of
Load Score. Principles of marker assisted selection (MAS), Present status of
DNA markers associated with growth. Reproduction. Disease resistance,
adaptation and environmental stress, Gene cloning etc.
6. Rumen Ecosystem and Manipulation (AnBT 806) (1+1)
Ruminal digestion, Role of microbes, Classification, Rumen
fermentative process by microbes, Role of cellulase and cellulolytic microbes
using recombinant DNA technology. Protein protection techniques.
Methanogenic organisms and control of methane production. Use of new
fungal mutants with less cellulose and high ligninase through recombinant
DNA technology. Single cell protein in animal feed. Biological detoxification
of aflatoxin and other anti-metabolites present in animal feeds.

Practicals:

Direct and indirect counts of rumen microbes, Isolations, Culture and


characteristics of rumen microbes. Effect of chemical and biological
substances on rumen fermentation process.

94
7. Animal Reproduction Technology (AnBT 807) (2+1)
Biology of gamete formation, Role of hormones in development of
gametes, Follicular growth, Regulation, Maturation, Early embryonic
development and embryo implantation. etc. Effect of various factors on male
and female reproductive systems. Cryopreservation of male and female
gametes. Synchronization. Superovulation and Embryo transfer techniques.
Micromanipulation, Embryo splitting. IVF, IVM and Cloning.
Practicals:
Superovulation and embryo collection and characterization and IVI
technique,
8. Genome Analysis in Farm Animals (AnBT 808) (2+1)
Organization of genomes, different types of DNA in domestic animals.
Microsattelite markers. PCR. PCR-RFLP. SSCP etc. Mapping of structural
and functional genes. genetic linkage. contig mapping (physical mapping),
QTL mapping, Genomic database and genome status in livestock species and
poultry. Gene expression and profiling of DNA by microarray techniques,
Expressed sequence tags (ESTS), Mapping and characterization of genomic
regions affecting performance of livestock. Structural analysis and regulation
of candidate genes influencing performance of livestock. Chromosomal
localization of genes by FISH. Chromosomal organization of genomes use of
bioinformatics in genome analysis.
Practicals:
Isolation of genomic DNA. Microsatellites and PCR-RF sequencing
methods. FISH technique and Gene cloning methods.
9. Biopharmaceuticals and Biotherapeutics (AnBT 809) (2+1)
Factors influencing drug availability, drug absorption and drug
distribution. Pharmacokinetics. Pharmaco-genetics. Toxico-kinetics etc.
Bioavailability and bio- equivalence. Compartmental and non-compartmental
models. Vascular and extravascular administration. Factors affecting drug
elimination and clearance. Multiple dosing, therapeutic drug monitoring.
Introduction, advantages, disadvantages of various classes of biotherapeutics,
hormones. enzymes, cytokines. interferons, interleukins and growth factors
etc. Monoclonal antibody based pharmaceuticals. DNA based drug discovery
and gene based therapy.
Practicals:
Pharmacokinetics parameter calculations, Calculations of AlJC/ AUMC
by trapezoidal rule, Demonstration of pharmacokinetic softwares.

95
Pharmacokinetics of important deugs, chemotherapeutic substance etc in
laboratory and domestic animals.
10. Biotechnological Methods in Vaccine Production and Diagnosis
(AnBT- 810) (2+1)
Vaccines developed by genetic engineering techniques. Genetically
attenuated organisms. Live recombinant organisms. Subunit vaccines.
Synthetic peptides. Anti-idiotype vaccines. DNA vaccines. Monoclonal
antibody. Nucleic acid probes and primers. Vaccine delivery system and
different approaches to enhance immunogenicity. Basics for development of
DNA based diagnostic techniques for various microbial diseases.
Practicals:
DNA based diagnosis for TB, Haemorrhagic Septicemia, Canine Parvo
virus and BTV and IBDV. ELISA based diagnostic techniques.
11. Special Problem-ANBT-899 (0+2)
Distribution of courses and credit hours.
The Post Graduate Studies Regulations in Anand Agricultural
University requires that a post graduate student should register for 35 credit
hours.
In any semester, student can register at most for 15 credit hours.
Masters’ Degree student has to register for a seminar and Doctorate
Degree student has to register for a seminar and a special problem.
The Masters’ and Doctorate Degree students will have to carry out
P.G.Research Project and submit to the University in thesis form at the
end of Post Graduate Studies.
The Masters’ Degree students will have to register for all core courses
and some of the optional courses as per his area of interest. This should
be minimum 20 credits.
The remaining 15 credits are to be registered from minor and allied
subjects from collaborative department.
Note: Doctorate degree programme will commence from 4th year
onwards.

96
XIII. EXTENSION EDUCATION

Vet.Extn. 601 Fundamental of Extension Education (2+0)

Analysis of definition, principles and philosophy of Extension


Education. Extension Education as a discipline and profession, objectives and
role in development; Historical and emerging perspective of Agricultural
Extension in India; Integrated functioning of teaching, research and extension
in ICAR and SAUs systems; Participatory extension and participatory
research – concepts, modalities and implications; Extension System in India
and its linkage with National Agricultural Research Systems. General issues in
rural development & its implications to Extension Education.

Suggested Readings

1. George H. (1988). Guide on aslternative Extension Approaches.


Rome, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United
nations, Rome, Under the guidance and sponsorship of Agricultural
Education and Extension Service (ESHE) Human Resources
Institutions and Agrarian Reform Division.

2. Cernea, M.M.; Russell, J.E.A., and Coulter, J.K. (Eds) (1983).


Agricultural Extension by Training and Visit: The Asian
Experience. The World Bank, Washington D.C.

3. Directorate of Extension (1964). Extension Education in Community


Development. Directorate of Extension, Ministry of Agriculture,
Government of India.

4. Dahama, O.P. and Bhamagar, O.P.(1987). Education and


Communication for Development. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.
New Delhi.

5. Mosher, A.T.(1978). An introduction to Agricultural Extension.


ADC, New York.

6. Roling, N.(1988). Extension Science. Information system in


Agricultural Development. Cambridge University Press. New York.

7. 'Swanson, B.E.(Ed.) (1984). Agricultural Extension: A Reference


Manual. (2nd Ed.), FAO, Rome.

8. Van den Ban, A.W. And Hawkins, H.S.(1988) . Agricultural


Extension. Longman Scientific Technicals, Essex, U.K.
97
Vet.Extn. 602 Fundamental of Rural sociology (2+1)

Rural Sociology; definition, scope, importance and relationship


with extension education; basic sociology concepts: society, community, rural
social institutions, association, social change, cultural change, technological
change, social values, norms, folkways, mores, customs and traditions;
Culture: concepts, types, structure, patterns, problems, cultural relativism and
culture lag, cultural integration and its role in development; Socialization :
concepts, role in personality development; Social stratification: concept,
structure, role; Groups : concept, types and dynamics; Leadership; concept,
types, styles, theories and principles, and its implication for development;
Religious belief system and its significance for development; Social structure,
social organization and social system: concept, differences, types, their role in
development; Social sanctions and deviance; Social Processes: concept, types
– competition, conflict, cooperation, assimilation and accommodation; Social
change due to development programmes and gender roles.

Practical

Rural sociology and extension – cases on social, cultural and


technological change, studies on behalf system, Exploring social processes,
Exploring group of dynamics and leadership pattern in villages. Leadership
styles in village situation, Rural social institutions (Panchayats, Cooperatives).
Social sanctions, values and deviance – cases Assignments and term papers.

Suggested Readings

1. Bhatt, Anil (1989). development and Social justice –Micro-action by


weaker section. Sage Publication, New Delhi.
2. Bottomore, T.B.(1984). Sociology – a guide to problem and
literature. Blackie & Sons India Ltd.
3. David, B. Grusky (1984). Social Stratification class. Rural & Gender,
Westirew Press Inc. Oxford.
4. Dubey, S.C.(1994). Tradition and Developnent. Vikas Publishing
Pvt. Ltd. Jangpura, New Delhi.
5. Gupta, Dipankar, (1994). Social Stratification. Oxford University
Press, Delhi.
6. Ursula, King (1995). Religion and Gender. Black Well, Oxford.
7. Singh, Yogendra (1988). Modernisation of Indian Tradition. Rawat
Publications, Jaipur.

98
Vet.Extn. 603 Psychology of Human Behaviour (2+0)

Psychology: meaning, scope and importance in extension


education; Psychology of human behaviour ; Perception: nature, laws and
selectivity in perception, sensory factors in perception, importance of
perception in extension work; Attitude: meaning and characteristics, formation
of stereotypes and prejudices, factors in attitude change; Motivation: nature,
characteristics, theories and types of motives, techniques of motivating farm
people; Emotion: nature, types of emotional response, theories and role of
emotion in regulating human behaviour; Learning : definition, principles
indicators, theories of learning and experiential learning; Defense mechanisms:
types and importance; Personality and individual differences, Personality as a
set of traits and personality as the self, Roger's self theory, Maslow's self
actualization theory.

Suggested Readings

1. Atwater, E (1995), Psychology for living: Adjustment, Growth and


Behaviour Today. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.

2. Back, C.Robert (1986). Psychological factors at work: Recognition


and control. ILO, Geneva. Occupational Safety and Health Series
No.56.

3. Back C.Robert (1986). Appluing Psychology: Understanding People.


Prentice Hall, Englewoods Cliffs, New Delhi.

4. Baron, R.A.(1995). Psychology, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.

5. Chakraborty, Ajitha (1990). Social stress Mental Health: A Social


Psychiatric field study of Calcutta. Stage Publication, New Delhi.

6. Chattopadhyaya, Aparna (2001). What's your enotional IQ. Pustak


Mahal, New Delhi.

7. Davar, Bhargavir and Parmeshvar Bhatt (1994). Psycho analysis as a


Human Science beyond Fundamentalism. Sage Publications, New
Delhi.

8. Morgan, C.T. King; R.A. and Robinson, N.M. (1979). Introduction


to Psychology. Tata Me. Graw Hill Publishing Co. New Delhi.

99
Vet.Extn. 604 Methods of Social Research (2+1)

Science and scientific approach: characteristics and purpose of


social research, Problems of objectivity: theory and facts; Elements of
scientific method; Selection and identification of researchable problems,
Designs of Social research: meaning, types, purpose and principles, faulty
designs and criteria of research design, MAX-MIN-CON; Types of research:
historical, descriptive and experimental, laboratory experiment, field
experiment and field studies – survey research, action research, Agro –eco-
system research, participatory research, case study, experimental and ex-post
facto approaches, simple randomized design; Hypothesis: meaning, utility,
sources, types and qualities of workable hypothesis, development of
hypothesis and its testing; Construct and variables; Methods of observation
and data collection: sample, population, instrument; Interview and interview
schedule construction of schedule and questionnaire: Observation; Projective
technique; Content analysis; Sociometry, the semantic differentials, use of
documents and records; Advances in collection of data – RRA and RRA;
Analysis of data, tabulation, coding, use of statistical tools, use of computers in
social science research-SPSS; Research Report: Interpretation of data, use of
style manual, formats of research report, the thesis or dissertation; Recent
advances in social research.

Practical

Formulation of research, proposal research design formulation


research problem and conduct of research including data collection, analysis,
interpretation and report writing. Development cases.

Suggested Readings

1. Best, J.W. and Kahn, J.V. (1986). Research in Ducation. Prentice


Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.
2. Creswell John W.(1994). Research Design – Qualitative and
Quantitative approaches, University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
3. Goode and hart (1952) Methods in Social Research. McGraw Hill
Publishing Co.Ltd. New Delhi.
4. Kerlinger, F. (1994). Foundations of Behavioral Researches. New
York, Holt, Rinehart and Winstons.
5. Miller Delbert C.(1991). Handbook of Research Design and Social
Measurement. Indiana University, Sage Publication.
6. Paul D.Leedy (1989). Practical research-planning and Design. New
York, Mcmillan Publishing Co.

100
7. Young, Pauline V. (1984). Scientific Social Surveys and Research.
Prentice Hall of India Private Ltd., New Delhi.

Vet.Extn. 605 Process and Methods of Communication (1+1)

Basics of communication : meaning, nature, processes, purpose


and levels of communication; Language in communication: meaning of
meaning; non-verbal communication; Role of communicator in Extension;
Communicator's behaviour; Communication skills; Fidelity of communication:
Communication competence and empathy, communication effectiveness and
credibility; Improving oral and written communication; Message design:
dimensions of a message, characteristics of a good message, message,
treatment and effectiveness, distortion of message; Channels of
communication : meaning, dimensions, classification, selection, efficiency,
credibility and use; Audience analysis: feedback, communication behaviour;
Social Net work – homophily, heterophily; Traditional and mass media of
communication; Theories and models of communication and social change;
Development communication: need, concept and scope in India and third
world countries; Communication technology and its implications;
Methodological issues in communication research.

Practical

Exercises on presentation skills, listening skills, writing skills;


exercises on distortion of communication message; scientific study of
communication network in villages through appropriate tools, Exercises on
development of appropriate communication plan for extension projects.

Suggested Readings

1. Berlo, D.K. (1960). The Process of Communication: An Introduction


to theory and Practice. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., New York,
USA.
2. Mathur, K.B.(1994). Communication for Development and social
change. Allied Publishers Ltd., New Delhi.
3. Ray, G.L. (1991). Extension, Communication and Management,
Naya Prakash, 206, Bidhan Sarani, Calcutta-6.
4. Roloft, ,Michael F, (1981). Interpersonal communication. Sage
Publication.
5. Samanta, R.K.(1990). Development Communication for Agriculture.
B.R. Publishing corporation, Delhi-7

101
6. Sandhu, A.S. (1993). text Book on Agricultural Communication
Process and Methods. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.Pvt. Ltd.

A.2 Optional Courses


Vet.Extn. 701 Programme Planning in Extension (1+1)

Importance, principles, steps and process in developing sound


extension programmes; Process of developmental planning and national
planning system; Organizational structure for planning at various levels;
Formulation of five year plans in India; Participatory planning process: PRA,
RBA and PLA techniques; Changing role of panchayats in programme
implementations; Execution of various programmes; Project formulation and
project appraisal in terms of social benefit analysis; Project management
Techniques – PERT and CPM; Critical analysis of the various agricultural and
rural development programmes including NGOs and self Help Groups.

Practical

Preparation of plans and projects/programme proposals. Exercises


on participatory methods- RRA, PRA, PLA etc. , Evaluation of plans,
exercises on PERT, Visits to development organizations and NGOs,
Assignments and term papers.

Suggested Readings

1. Dantwala, M.L. and Barmeda, J.N. (1990). Rural Development


Approaches and Issues in Indian Agricultural Development since
Independence. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New
Delhi/
2. Fenders, J.M.A.(1958). Methods and programme Planning in Rural
Extension Veenman & Zones, Wageningen, Netherlands.
3. Singh, Katar (1999). Rural Development – Principles, Policies and
Management , Sage Publications, New Delhi.
4. Swanson B.E.(Ed.) (1997). Agricultural Extension – A Reference
manual. FAO, Rome.
5. Thyagrajan M. (1982).Project Management through Network
Techniques (PERT, CPM). Indian Institute of Public Administration,
New Delhi.
6. VandenBan A.W. And Hawkins U.S. (1988). Agricultural Extension.
Longman House, U.K.
7. Velayudham (1994). Challenges facing agriculture an rural
development. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi.

102
Vet.Extn. 702 Management in Extension (1+1)

Nature and scope of management with special reference to extension


organization; Qualities of a good manager; Principles and theories of
management; Functions of management in extension organization; Planning :
fundamentals of planning, planning at different levels, types of plans, systems
approach to planning process; Decision making steps, tools and limitation;
Organizing: of organizational structure, authority and power, span of
management, principles of organization; departmentation – factors to be
considered in grouping activities; Staffing: concept and method; Leading and
influencing: basic considerations in motivation, approaches to principles and
steps; Controlling : nature and steps in control process, types of control,
effective control system, control techniques; Reporting : concept, types and
method; Budgeting : purposes. types of budges, budgeting process;
Contemporary issues and challenges of extension management.

Practical

Actual Case analysis relate to various functions of management –


Simulation exercises and field practical to study leadership, motivation and
communication; Discussion with various levels of extension mangers in
identification of extension management problems; A Comparative study of
management functions and processes in different organizations: private,
corporate and government.

Suggested Readings

1. Buford, J.A. Bedeian, A.G. and Lindner, J.R.(1995). Management in


Extension, Columbus:Ohio State University Extension.
2. Celia, B, and Michael (1992). Project Management : How to Make it
work , London: Kogan Page. Ltd.
3. Chester, I Bernard (1968). The functions of an executive. Combridge
Mass: Harvard University Press.
4. George, P. Huber (1980). Managerial Decision Making, Glenview
III: Scott, Foresman.
5. Rechard, 1.1., O.S. Rubin and J.P.Stinson (1986). Quantitative
Approaches to Management Science. New York : McGraw Hill book
Co.
6. Stoner James A.F. and R.F., Freeman (1994). Management (5th Ed.)
New Delhi Prentics Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.
7. Turban E. and J.Meredith (1991). Fundamentals of Management
Science.(5th Ed.), Home Wood I.L.: Irwin.

103
Vet.Extn. 703 Managerial Sills for Extension Professionals (1+1)

Managerial skills; nature and importance for extension


Professionals; Mobilization and empowerment skills: concept an d strategies in
mobilization, conscientisation and empowerment of rural people; Skills in
effective management of extension and rural development organizations;
Strategic planning: importance, steps and techniques involved; Management
by objectives as applicable to extension organizations; Techniques of
Transactional Analysis for improving interpersonal communication; Team
building: process and strategies at organizational and village levels; Creative
problem solving technique; stress management to practices; Total Quality
Management (TQM) and the concept of learning organization to improve
extension services at various levels; Time management practices; Resource
management : concept and methods; Development of Management
Information System for extension organizations at various levels.

Practical

Exercises in conscientisation and empowerment of farmers;


Development of strategic planning; Actual field case analysis and simulation
exercises in team building, TQM, Time management, Stress management and
MIS extension professionals :

Suggested Readings

1. Barker, D.(1980). Transactional Analysis and Training : The Theory


and use of TA in Organisation. London: Griver Press.
2. Bidgoli, Hussain (1989). Decision Support Systems: Principles and
practices. St.Paul: West Publishing Co.
3. Bird, Malcon (1992). Problem Solving Techniques that Really
Work. A Sten by step guide for Effective Managers London: Judy
Piatkus
4. Celia, Burton and N. Michael (1992). Project Management : How to
make it work. London: Kogan Page.
5. Goyal, D.P. (1994). Management Information System (MIS):
Concept and Application. New Delhi: Deep and Deep.
6. Harris, T.A.(1973). I am OK – you're OK. New York : Harper and
Row, Pan Book.
7. Stoner James A.F. and R.E. Freeman (1994).Management (5th Ed.)
New Delhi:Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

104
Vet.Extn. 704 Diffusion and Adoption of Innovations (1+1)

Introduction to the field: Concept of diffusion, elements of


diffusion, typology of diffusion research, contributions and shortcoming of
diffusion research; Generation of innovations: tracing the innovation
development process, converting research into practice; Adoption process:
concept of stages, shades of agreement, neglected element-need, dynamic
nature of stages, convert and overt processes at stages; Innovation decision
process: a critical appraisal of the new formulation; Adopter categories:
innovativeness and adopter categories, adopter categories ad ideal types,
characteristics of adopter categories, predicting innovativeness; Simulation of
innovation diffusion; Perceived attributes, factors influencing rate of adoption;
Diffusion effect and concept of over adoption; Opinion leadership and
multistep flow of innovations; Measuring opinion leadership: characteristics of
opinion leaders, monomorphic and polymorphic opinion leadership; Type of
innovation decisions: optional, collective, authority and contingent innovation
decisions; Consequences of innovations: desirable or undesirable, direct or
indirect, anticipated or unanticipated consequences.

Practical

Attributes rating of current farm and home practices, Content


analysis of recent adoption studies, Management of variables influencing rate
of adoption, Field visit to study the recently diffused innovations.

Suggested Readings

1. Brown, Lawrence A. (1981). innovation Diffusion : A New


perspective. New York: Methuen.
2. Crane Diana (1972). Invisible colleges. Chicago, Illinois : University
of Chicago Press.
3. Das Gupta, Satadal, (1989). Diffusion of Agricultural Innovations in
Village India. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern Ltd.
4. Lazarsfeld, P.P.and H.Menzel (1993). "Mass Media and Personal
Influence" in Wilber Schramm (ed.) The Science of Human
Communication: New York Basic Books.
5. Rogers, Everett M. and F.F.Shoemaker (1971). Communication of
Innovation: A cross – culture approach. New York: The Free Press.
6. Rogers, Everett M. (1983). Diffusion of Innovation. New York: The
Free Press.
7. Singh, Y.P., Udai Pareek and D.R. Arora(1974). Diffusion of an Inter
Discipline-Social Sciences in Agricultural Education. New Heights.

105
8. Tornatzky, Louis G.(1980). Innovation and Social Process. New
York; Pergamon Press.

Vet.Extn. 705 Agricultural Journalism (1+1)

Journalism: concept, theories and scope; Agricultural journalism


as means of mass communication, its form and role in rural development,
opportunities, strengths and limitations, Ethics of journalism; basics of writing:
cope-fittings, news stories, feature articles, magazine articles, farm bulletins
and folders; Techniques of collection of materials for news story an feature
articles; Art of clear writing : readability and comprehension testing
procedures; Photo journalism; Radio and TV journalism : Techniques of
writing scripts for radio and TV advertisement: dynamics, types, story board,
designing ads; Fundamentals of layout and design; Art of page makeup;
Techniques of editing and proof reading; Research in agricultural journalism
and applications; Printing methods and processes for different extension
publications.

Practical

Process of printing extension literature; News collection and


interview; Writing for farm magazines and newspapers and extension
publications including folder, booklet, circular letter, well newspaper; writing
scripts for radio and TV; Communicating through pictures; Designing cover
page of magazine and folders; Visits to different printing presses.

Suggested Readings

1. Alexander, Lewis (1990). Beyond the facts, A guide to the art of


feature writing. Delhi, Surjeet Publication.
2. Aster, J.J.(1992). Art of modern journalism. Series of lecture on the
techniques of journalists. Delhi, Akashdeep Publications.
3. English, E. and Hach, B. (1983). Scholastic journalism. Illinois State
University Press.
4. Finch, Peter (1987). How to Publish Yourself : A Practical Guide.
Allison & Busby, London.
5. Flesche, R. (1977). How to write, speak-& think more effectively.
Harper & Row, New York.
6. Friendlander, E.J.& Lee John (1992). Feature writing for newspapers
and magazines : permit of excellence. London, Harper & Row.
7. Kamath, M.G. (1985). Writing for farm families. Allied, New Delhi.
8. Mehta, D.S.(1981). Mass Communication and Journalism in India.
Vikas, New Delhi.

106
9. Montagues,J. (1991). Editing and Publication. A training Manual &
A handbook for trainers of Editing and Publications, IRRI,
Philippines.
10. Woolsey, R.E. and Campbell, L.R. (1957). Exploring journalism.
Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Vet.Extn. 706 Visual and Graphic Comunication (1+1)

Role of visuals in communication: characteristics of visuals,


functions of visuals and graphics; Theories of visual perception; Classification
of visuals; visual formats, selection of visuals; Designing message for visuals;
designing and layout of visual elements, balancing; Graphic formats and
devices, typology; Presentation of scientific data: general and exact data;
Principles of production of visuals, low-cost visuals, photographs,
reprographic visuals, PC based visuals, and digitized video materials in multi-
media production; Designing visuals for print and TV/Video media; Pre-
testing and evaluation of visuals.

Practical

Preparation of low cost non-projected; Preparation of projected


visuals; Designing and layout of visuals for charts, posters, flash cards etc.;
Generating computer-aided presentation graphics; Scanning of visuals and
evaluation of visuals assignments.

Suggested Readings

1. Adidi Uyo (1992).Mass media messages in a nutshell, Civcletis


International, New York.
2. Freeman, F.N. (1992). Visual Education. University of Chicago
Press.
3. Gerald, Sussman and John, A Lent. Ed. (1990). Transnational
Communication the third world. New berg Park. Sage.
4. Herderg, Walter (1994) Graphic Posters: International annual of
poster art. Graphic Press Corporation.
5. Hoban, A.H..(1994). Visual dialogue. Stanford University Press.
6. Jones, Robert (1988). Complete guide to Corporate Desk Top
Publishing, Cambridge University Press, New Delhi.
7. Mody, Bella (1992). Designing Messages for Development
Communication. An audience participation based approach.e
Publication, New Delhi.
8. Smith, W.F. and Wicks, R. (1975). communicating through World
and Image. Winthrop, Cambridge.

107
Vet.Extn. 707 Communication Media and Information Technology (1+1)

Media use in agricultural Development; Classification of media


and their uses; Media planning in extension projects: selection process of
media use, essential and optional characteristics, system approach to media
selection and use; Cost benefit analysis of media uses; Enhancement in
learning experiences through different projected and non-projected media
including multimedia presentation; Principles of production of Audio and
Video tapes; Production of OHP transparencies; Photographic slides, computer
aided slides, technology for conversion of magnetic tape to digital formats and
vice-versa; Application and production of multimedia; Principles of integrated
presentation system; Internet application tools and web technology; Production
of web-based instruction materials and electronic E-book; Networking system
of information; Problems and prospects of new communication and
information technology.

Practical

Production of communication material : OHP transparencies,


photographic slides including computeraided slides; DTP Publishing, digital
printing, production of posters, development of charts and other conventional
media; Digital editing: audio/video editing and multimedia production and
integrated computer-aided on screen presentation of technology; Internet
applications; E-mail, Voicemail and web tools and technologies audio/video
media; Handling and maintenance of new communication technologies and
exploiting their potentials; Exercises on Development of media plan to assist
extension programme.

Suggested Readings

1. Adidi Uyo (1992). Mass Media Messages in a Nustshell, Civiletis


International. New York.
2. Ahuja, B.N.(!998). Auio-Visuals Journalism. Surjeet, Delhi.
3. Brownell, B.A.(1985). Using Microcomputers : A guide book for
writers, teachers and researchers in social sciences, Sage, New Delhi.
4. Harding, Thon (1988). Craft of TV Copy writing. Allison & Busby,
London.
5. Luppa, Nicholas V. (1984). Practical guide to Interactive Video
Design. Croom Helm, London.
6. Mebean, G., Kaggwa, N., and Bugambe, J. (ed) (1988). Illustrations
for Development. Afrolit Soc., Nairobi.
7. Ostman, Ronald (ed) (1990). Communication and Indian Agriculture,
Sage, New Delhi.

108
8. Randy, Thorn (1989). Audio craft: An introduction to the tools and
techniques of audio productivity. National Federation of Community
Broacasters, Washngton.
9. Romiszowki, A.J. (1974). The selection and use of instructional
media : A systems approach. Kogan Page, Londoan.
10. Stevensen, R.L. and Whil Plains (1989). Communication,
Development and Third World. Longman.

Vet.Extn. 708 Training fir Human Resource Development (2+1)

Training and education : concept, meaning and relationship;


Human resource development : concept, dimensions, needs and priorities;
Basic assumptions underlying HRD; strategic interventions in HRD; HRD
policy of Govt. of India (GOI), state development departments, ICAR, SAUs
and selected NGOs; Training typology, training approaches and strategies;
Conceptual models of training; Planning, designing and conducting training
programmes; Training need assessment; Training methods: preparation,
selection and use; Monitoring, evaluation and follow up of training; Training
institutions in India and facilities available for human resource development.

Practical

Exercises on training needs assessmen designs and curriculum


development; Visit to training and development institutuins (KVKs, FTCs,
TTCs, EEIs, MANAGE, NAARM etc.) to share their experience on different
aspects of training.

Suggested Readings

1. Lynton, R. and Pareek, U. (1990). Training for Development Vistar


Publication. New Delhi.
2. Mishra, D.C. (1990). New Directions in Extension Training.
Directorate of Extension, Ministry of Agriuclture, Govt. of India,
New Delhi.
3. Moss, Geoffrey (1988). The Trainees handbook for Managers and
Trainers. Institute of Management, Singapore.
4. Singh, P.N. (1989). Training for Management Development. Forum
of Asian Managers, 101, Blue Heaven, J.N. Road, Santacruz,
Bombay
5. Virmani and Promila Seth (1989). Evaluation Management in
Training and Development. Vision, New Delhi.

109
Vet.Extn. 709 Training Methodology (1+1)

Principles of learning : pedagogy and andragogy: Selection of


trainees; Assessment of training needs; setting objectives; Designing and
conducting extension training programmes; Developing training modules;
Selection and orientation of trainers; Training methods; lecture, seminar,
symposium, workshop, case study, group discussion, conference, convention,
panel discussion, buzz sessions, forum, debates, syndicate, simulation
exercises, socio-drama, psychodrama, role playing, business games, skits,
Critical Incidence Technique (CIT), in-basket exercise, programme instruction,
experiential learning techniques such as sensitivity training, T group,
Transactional Analysis and fish bowl exercise; Evaluation and follow up of
training.

Practical

Exercises in using selected training methods in simulated and real


life; Design and conduct of extension training at village level; Design and
conduct of training module for fioeld personnel at block level; Follow up of
training conducted at field and block level.

Suggested Readings

1. Berger, M.L. and Berger, P.J. (1973). Group Training Technologies.


Lows & Bryalone (Pvt.) Ltd., Haves Hill, Suffalk, Britain.
2. Lynton, R. and Pareek, U. (1990). Training for development. Vistar
Publications, New Delhi.
3. Mishra, D.C.(1990).New Direction in Extension Training.
Directorate of Extension, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India,
New Delhi.
4. Moss, Geoffrey (1988). The trainees handbook for Managers and
Trainers. Institute of Management, Singapore.
5. Van Ments, Mony (1983). The effective role play : A handbook for
teachers and trainers. Kogan Page Ltd., London.

Vet. Extn. 710 Trepreneurship Development (1+1)

Concept and theory of development : concept, need, scope and


prospects of repreneurship development; Problems of agricultural
Entrepreneurship and value – entation for entrepreneurship; Approach and
experiences in entrepreneurial development in India and other developing
countries; Entrepreneurial characteristics and tives; Motivation theories;
Locus of control; Creativity; Risk taking and risk management; Project
designing and programmes; Support and service organizations and vt.
110
policies; Planning, understanding, business opportunities; Product
identification market survey; Enterprise launching; Enterprise management;
Management skills; marketing strategy; Survival and sustenance; Gender in
entrepreneurship development.

Practical

Identification of enterprises; Simulation games and motivational


exercises development entrepreneurship abilities; Achievement motivation:
self-efficacy, risk ng, achievement planning; market survey and demand
analysis; Development of iness plan; Porject planning; Financial
management; Pricing costing, break even lysis, accounts and book keeping;
Interface with successful entrepreneurs.

Suggested Readings

1. Akhouri, M.M.P., Misra, S.P. and Sengupta, Rita (1989). Trainers


Manual on Developing Entrepreneurial motivation, NIESBUD, New
Delhi.
2. Betty Gordan B. (1979). Entrepreneurship, Playing to Win,
Taraporewala, Bombay.
3. Entrepreneurship Developnent Institute of India (1987). Developing
new Entrepreneurs EDII, Ahmedabad, NISIET Library:
338.93/EDI/87/25104
4. Mancuso, Josheph (1974). The Entrepreneurs Handbook Vol.1 7 2
Artech House Inc. USA.
5. Patel V.G. (1987). Tntrepreneurship evelopnent Programme in India
and its relevance to Developing Countries, Entrepreneurship
Development institute of India, Ahmedabad, NISIET Library:338.93
(540)/PAT/87/25103.
6. Rao, T.V. (1974). Development of an Entrepreneur: A
Bheaviouristic, Model, Technical paper No.51, (Mimeographed),
Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management.

Vet.Extn. 711 Leadership in Extension (1+1)

• Importance of leadership in extension.


• 'Theories of leadership.
• Various concepts of leadership.
• Types of leadership.
• Role and function of leaders.
• Analysis of representative methods of training leaders and
maintaining co-operation.
• Basic patterns of leaders and relationship in rural society.

111
• Reviews of research studies in leadership.

Practical

• Methods of identification of leader in village area.


• Study of profile of leaders.
• Planning of leadership training.
• Evaluation of leadership training programme.
• Case study of successful rural leader.

Vet. Extn. 712 Rural Community Organisation (2+0)

• Principles of community organizations.


• Village institutions –Panchayat, Co-operative society and school.
• Voluntary organization –structure, functions and relationship of
these institutions.
• to village development.
• Methods and procedures involved in community organizations.
• Problems and analysis of factors' relating to community
organizations.

Vet. Extn. 713 Dynamics of Social Change (2+0)


• Types of change, concept of planned change and its importance.
• Process of change-diffusion, a acculturation.
• Role of change agent. Problems relating to process of planned
change.
• Acceptance and rejection of planned change.
• Techniques for accelerating the change.
• Measurement of change and attitudes.
• Current studies in technological change.
Vet. Extn. 714 Group-Dynamic and Human Relations (2+1)

• Importance of small groups.


• Functions of small groups.
• Role of working groups process and diagnosis.
• Skill in small group. Learning group behaviour.
• Theories of work motivation.
• Selection and induction of training and development.
• Performance appraisal and rural resources development.

112
Practical

• Factors determining group behaviour.


• Study of homogeneity and heterogeneity of group members.
• Study of motivating factors to join group.
• Role on working groups-process and diagnosis.

Vet. Extn. 715 Administration in Extension Education (2+0)

• Nature and purpose of administration in extension, elements, role


and function of administration.
• Principles of administrative organizations.
• Span of control, line of authority and responsibility.
• Co-ordination and human relation.
• Personal administration and management.
• Basic of recruitment and selection of extension personnel.
• Principles and system for recruitment and selection of extension
workers.
• Views and philosophy of organization.
• Budget development and control.
• Some essential in programme development and role of
administrator.
• Forms, factors and different concepts of organization, job task
pyramid, line and staff relation and institutional relationship.
• Informal organization. System of functional contact.
• Grid of decision making centres, pattern of power, channel of
communication.
• Supervision in extension its meaning, role, purpose and function.

-------------------------------*******-------------------------------------

113