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The random variable X is normally distributed with mean and variance (a) Write down 3 properties of the distribution of X.

.

(3)

(4) (Total 7 marks)

2.

A scientist found that the time taken, M minutes, to carry out an experiment can be modelled by a normal random variable with mean 155 minutes and standard deviation 3.5 minutes. Find (a) (b) (c) P(M > 160).

(3)

P(150 M 157).

(4)

(4) (Total 11 marks)

3.

The heights of a group of athletes are modelled by a normal distribution with mean 180 cm and standard deviation 5.2 cm. The weights of this group of athletes are modelled by a normal distribution with mean 85 kg and standard deviation 7.1 kg. Find the probability that a randomly chosen athlete, (a) (b) (c) is taller than 188 cm,

(3)

(2)

Assuming that for these athletes height and weight are independent, find the probability that a randomly chosen athlete is taller than 188 cm and weighs more than 97 kg.

(3)

(d)

(1) (Total 9 marks)

4.

The weight of coffee in glass jars labelled 100 g is normally distributed with mean 101.80 g and standard deviation 0.72 g. The weight of an empty glass jar is normally distributed with mean 260.00 g and standard deviation 5.45 g. The weight of a glass jar is independent of the weight of the coffee it contains. Find the probability that a randomly selected jar weighs less than 266 g and contains less than 100 g of coffee. Give your answer to 2 significant figures.

(Total 8 marks)

5.

The random variable X ~ N( , ). It is known that P(X 66) = 0.0359 and P(X 81) = 0.1151. (a) In the space below, give a clearly labelled sketch to represent these probabilities on a Normal curve.

(1)

(i)

(8)

6.

A health club lets members use, on each visit, its facilities for as long as they wish. The clubs records suggest that the length of a visit can be modelled by a normal distribution with mean 90 minutes. Only 20% of members stay for more than 125 minutes. (a) (b) Find the standard deviation of the normal distribution.

(4)

(3)

The club introduces a closing time of 10:00 pm. Tara arrives at the club at 8:00 pm. (c) Explain whether or not this normal distribution is still a suitable model for the length of her visit.

(2) (Total 9 marks)

7.

The random variable X is normally distributed with mean 79 and variance 144. Find (a) (b) P(X < 70),

(3)

(3)

It is known that P(79 a X 79 + b) = 0.6463. This information is shown in the figure below.

. 6

9 a

9 b +

Given that P(X 79 + b) = 2P(X 79 a), (c) (d) show that the area of the shaded region is 0.1179.

(3)

(4) (Total 13 marks)

8.

From experience a high-jumper knows that he can clear a height of at least 1.78 m oncein 5 attempts. He also knows that he can clear a height of at least 1.65 m on 7 out of 10attempts. Assuming that the heights the high-jumper can reach follow a Normal distribution, (a) (b) draw a sketch to illustrate the above information,

(3)

find, to 3 decimal places, the mean and the standard deviation of the heights the high-jumper can reach,

(6)

(c)

(3) (Total 12 marks)

9.

The lifetimes of batteries used for a computer game have a mean of 12 hours and a standard deviation of 3 hours. Battery lifetimes may be assumed to be normally distributed. Find the lifetime, t hours, of a battery such that 1 battery in 5 will have a lifetime longer than t.

(Total 6 marks)

10.

A drinks machine dispenses coffee into cups. A sign on the machine indicates that each cup contains 50 ml of coffee. The machine actually dispenses a mean amount of 55 ml per cup and 10% of the cups contain less than the amount stated on the sign. Assuming that the amount of coffee dispensed into each cup is normally distributed find (a) (b) the standard deviation of the amount of coffee dispensed per cup in ml,

(4)

(3)

Following complaints, the owners of the machine make adjustments. Only 2.5% of cups now contain less than 50 ml. The standard deviation of the amount dispensed is reduced to 3 ml. Assuming that the amount of coffee dispensed is still normally distributed, (c) find the new mean amount of coffee per cup.

(4) (Total 11 marks)

11.

Cooking sauces are sold in jars containing a stated weight of 500 g of sauce. The jars are filled by a machine. The actual weight of sauce in each jar is normally distributed with mean 505 g and standard deviation 10 g. (a) (ii) (i) Find the probability of a jar containing less than the stated weight.

In a box of 30 jars, find the expected number of jars containing less than the stated weight.

(5)

The mean weight of sauce is changed so that 1% of the jars contain less than the stated weight. The standard deviation stays the same. (b) Find the new mean weight of sauce.

(4) (Total 9 marks)

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