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South Asia Seminar Series

Gender at Work in SARD Responding to Gender concerns in conflict-affected areas in Sri Lanka
Nelun Gunasekera
ADB, Manila. 18 June 2010 The views expressed in this paper are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

Social Development and Gender Officer Sri Lanka Resident Mission (SLRM)

ADB-funded loan and grant projects in Sri Lanka

NECCDP (North East Coastal Community Development Project)


Loan amount: $20,000,000 Approval Date: 28 November 2003 End Date: 30 November 2010

NECORD II (North East Community Restoration and Development Project II)


Loan amount: $38,770,000 Approval Date: 14 April 2005 End Date: 31 December 2011

JFPR 9143: SRI Improving Connectivity to Support Livelihood and Gender Equality Project
Grant amount: Approval Date: End Date: $3,000,000 14 December 2009 30 June 2012

V. Gender concerns in conflict-affected areas in Sri Lanka The RETA


War and violence militarization culture of violence death and disappearance

Family and Community - re-defining family and community structures (war widows, HH-women, single women) - recasting gender roles and gender relations reproductive, productive and community roles; - Leadership; dependency
Physical and Psychological effects - physical disability - war trauma/Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
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V. Gender concerns in conflict-affected areas in Sri Lanka The RETA


Displacement - IDPs concepts and realities, short-term and long-term - welfare centers, living with relatives/host communities, migration - survival strategies Resettlement, Relocation - resettlement - return to original location/habitat - relocation to other areas

V. Gender concerns in conflict-affected areas in Sri Lanka The RETA


Loss of assets and resources - tangible assets and resources land, property, domestic and commercial buildings - Intangible assets and resources kinship ties, social networks, community practices

Livelihood/Income Generation loss of employment lack of job opportunities unable to cultivate paddy, OFC, home gardens

V.Responding to gender concerns in conflict-affected areas The RETA


through ADB- funded interventions
Infrastructure housing, community centers/multi-purpose buildings, cluster projects, water supply and sanitation Livelihood restoration credit, skill training, enterprise development

Community organizations re-establishing WRDSs, RDSs, capacity building (human resource development), leadership development
Partnerships with NGOs/INGOs

Interface with government


Policy dialogue *****