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useful nutrient management planning data

Nutrient management plans should be based on accurate information. Ideally, manure generation and content should be determined on individual farms. Nutrients removed by harvesting crops also vary from farm to farm. The data provided here are general guidelines based on current research and can be used in preliminary planning.

Weights of Crops per Bushel


Crop lB/Bu Corn 56 Sorghum 56 Soybeans 60 Wheat 60 Barley 48 Oats 32 Rye 56 Sudangrass 40 Potatoes 60 Sweetpotatoes 55 Sunflower 25

length/Weight Conversion faCtors


length: 1 inch = 2.54 cm 1yard = 0.915 meters 1 mile = 5,280 = 1,610.7 meters = 1.61 km 1 meter = 100 cm = 1,000 mm = 0.001 km 1 chain = 66 feet = 100 links = 20.1 meters = 4 rods Weights: 1 pound = 454 gm = 0.454 Kg = 16 ounces 1 ton (short) = 2,000 pounds 1 ton (long) = 2,240 pounds

more speed Conversion faCtors


1 mile per hour = 1.467 feet per second = 88 feet per minute = 26.8 meters per hour other: 1 pound per acre = 1.12 Kg/ha 1 pound per gallon = 0.119 Kg/L Parts per million (ppm) = ug/g = mg/L 1 gallon per acre = 9.35 L/ha

Common fertilizer analyses


fertilizer n Anhydrous ammonia Ammonium nitrate Urea UAN solution (Urea ammonium nitrate) Aqua ammonia Ammonium sulfate p Triple superphosphate (TSP) Diammonium phosphate (DAP) Monoammonium phoshate (MAP) Ammonium polyphosphate liquid (APP) Ammonium polyshosphate dry (APP) K Potassium chloride (Muriate of potash) Potassium sulfate Potassium-magnesium sulfate (Sul-fo-mag) Potassium nitrate analysis 82-0-0 34-0-0 46-0-0 28 to 32-0-0 20-0-0 21-0-0-24(S) 0-44 to 46-0 18-46-0 11-48-0 10-34-0 Chemical formula NH3 NH4NO3 (NH2)2CO NH4NO3 + (NH2)2CO in water NH3 in water (NH4)2SO4 Ca(H2PO4)2 (NH4)2HPO4 NH4H2PO4 NH4H2PO4 + (NH4)3HP2O7 Same as liquid

area/volume Conversion faCtors


area: 1 acre = 43,560 feet2 = 0.405 hectare 1 hectare = 10,000 meter2 2 = 0.836 meter2 1 yard 1 chain2 = 0.10 acres = 16 rods2 1 mile2 = 640 acres volume: 1 bushel (level) = 1.244 feet3 = 8 gallons (dry) = 9.31 gallons (liquid) = =35.24 liters 1 liter = 1,000 mL or cm3 1 gallon (liquid) = 3.78 liters = 128 fluid ounces = 4 quarts = 8 pints 1 acre-foot = 43,560 feet3 = 1,613 yards3 = 325,851 gallons 1 cup = 236.6 cm3 = 0.236 liters = 8 ounces = 16 tablespoons

15-62-0

0-0-60 0-0-50-18(S)

KCI K2SO4

soil testing Conversions


Plow layer (6-7 inches) = ppm X 2 = lb/acre Top 12 inches = ppm X 4 = lb/acre

0-0-22-22(S)-11(Mg) K2SO4 2MgSO4 13-0-44 KNO3

manure generation and nutrient Content


animal average Weight of animal (lb) 1,200 135 375 475 20 3 8 2 manure production nutrient Content N Dairy Cow Feeder Swine Gestation Sow Lactation Sow w/Pigs Nursery Pig Pullet Litter Breeder Litter Broiler Litter (lb/d/1000#) (cf/d/1000#) 80.00 1.30 63.40 1.00 27.20 0.44 60.00 0.96 106.00 1.70 10.10 0.29 13.40 0.38 17.80 0.57 0.45 0.42 0.19 0.47 0.60 0.16 0.21 0.52 P2O5 (lb/d/1000#) 0.16 0.36 0.14 0.34 0.57 0.20 0.27 0.43 K2O 0.31 0.26 0.14 0.36 0.42 0.18 0.23 0.33

nutrient management data


plant nutrient removal (lb per acre unit of indicated yield) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .n Corn, 100 bu grain . . . . . . . . . . . .90 1 ton dry stover . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Silage, ton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Cotton, bale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Rice, 150 bu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82 Bahiagrass, ton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 Hybrid Bermudagrass . . . . . . . . . .46 Sweetpotatoes, 100 bu . . . . . . . . .24 Tall Fescue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Soybeans, 40 bu . . . . . . . . . . . . .160 Grain Sorghum, 80 bu . . . . . . . . .67 Wheat, 50 bu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 Peanuts, 6 tons . . . . . . . . . . . . . .420 Dalligrass (5.8 tons/acre) . . . . . .209 Annual ryegrass (4.5 tons/acre) .304 . . . . .p205 . . .p . . . . .K20 . .K . . . . .44 . . . . .19 . . . . . .29 . . . .24 . . . . . .8 . . . . . .4 . . . . . .32 . . . .26 . . . . . .4 . . . . . .2 . . . . . . .8 . . . . .7 . . . . .14 . . . . . .6 . . . . . .22 . . . .18 . . . . .43 . . . . .19 . . . . . .27 . . . .22 . . . . .12 . . . . . .5 . . . . . .35 . . . .29 . . . . .12 . . . . . .5 . . . . . .50 . . . .42 . . . . .13 . . . . . .6 . . . . . .56 . . . .46 . . . . .18 . . . . . .8 . . . . . .52 . . . .43 . . . . .32 . . . . .14 . . . . . .56 . . . .46 . . . . .34 . . . . .15 . . . . . .17 . . . .14 . . . . .28 . . . . .12 . . . . . .17 . . . .14 . . . . .66 . . . . .29 . . . . .102 . . . .85 . . . . .70 . . . . .30 . . . . .293 . . .244 . . . . .70 . . . . .30 . . . . .300 . . .250

fertilizer Conversion faCtors


P2O5 X 0.44 = P P X 2.29 = P2O5 K2O X 0.83 = K K X 1.20 = K2O 1 gal of water = 8.328 lb 1 gal of UAN (28%N) = 10.6 lb

Distributed by larry oldham, ph.d., Extension Soil Specialist, Department of Plant and Soil Sciences.
MAFES Special Research Initiatives and the Southwest Mississippi Research and Conservation District (through EPA Clean Water Act Section 319) provided grant funding for the project Poultry Production By-Products Environmental Management Education Program Material Development.
Discrimination based upon race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, or veterans status is a violation of federal and state law and MSU policy and will not be tolerated. Discrimination based upon sexual orientation or group affiliation is a violation of MSU policy and will not be tolerated. Information Sheet 1620 Extension Service of Mississippi State University, cooperating with U.S. Department of Agriculture. Published in furtherance of Acts of Congress, May 8 and June 30, 1914. Dr. Melissa J. Mixon, Interim Director (POD 02-10)