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Transportation Planning Journal

Vo1. 34 No. 4
December 2005
PP. 575 608

575 608

A PATENTING VIEW OF ITSTAIWAN AND CHINA


Yen-Chun Jim Wu2
Pi-Ju Lee3
(93 2 24 93 5 31 93 7 27
93 9 3 94 5 3
94 6 2 94 10 31 )

(Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITS)


ITS

ITS
ITS
AVCSS ITS
ITS

ITS
1. (NSC 91-2416-H-327-008)

2. (811 2
07-6011000 3210E-mailyenchun@ccms.nkfust.edu.tw)
3.

575

ABSTRACT
ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems) was long regarded as a useful
solution to solving the transportation dilemma by many industrialized nations.
Although much work in Taiwan has been conducted on ITS, most of it
emphasized much on imitating ITS development overseas and often overlooked
important patent implications. To develop successful ITS techniques truely
needed in Taiwan in the future, this paper attempts to portray current ITS
development using patent mapping analysis to data mining patent databases.
It is found that although the AVCSS is the main force in global ITS patent
databases at present, other ITS-related categories still have superior
commercial potential in various ITS markets. It is confirmed in this study that
ITS-related patents can also generate much useful insight into the current
development and future prospect of ITS.
Key Words: Intelligent transportation systems; Patent analysis

(intelligent transportation systemsITS)

[1] (www.iot.gov.tw) ITS

301

ITS ITS
ITS

ITS
ITS

() ITS

576

() ITS
()
() ITS
ITS
ITS

2.1 ITS
ITS ITS
[2] ITS (www.iot.gov.tw) ITS

Toyota [3] ITS


Overholt [4] ITS

(ITS)
[5] ITS (vulnerable
individual protection systemsVIPS) (information management servicesIMS)
ITS

ITS

White [6] ITS ATMS (advanced traffic management)


ATIS (advanced traveler information systems)AVCSS (advanced vehicle control and safety
systems)CVO (commercial vehicle operations)APTS (advanced public transportation systems)
ARTS (advanced rural transportation systems)
ITS
(ITS) [5]
Overholt [4]White [6]Maier [7] ITS ATMS
ATISAVCSSCVOAPTSEPS (electronic payment systems)EMS (emergency management
systems)ARTSVIPS (vulnerable individual protection systems)
1

577

ITS ITS

ITS ITS
1

ITS

(CMS)

(GIS)
(ATMS)
(AVI)
[5, 6]
ATIS (TPS)


(ATIS)
[5, 6]
AVCSS

(AVCSS)

[4-6]

(LDR)
(ACA)

APTS ATMSATIS AVCSS


(APTS)
[5-7]
(EFP)

() (VES)
(AVI)

[5]
(EPS &
(AVC)
ETC)
(VPS)
(AID)

(HAR)
(EMS)

[5]
ARTS ITS


(ARTS)
[5]
VIPS

VIPS
(VIPS)
[5]

578

[5]

[8]

(www.iicc.ac.cn) ITS 80
90

ITS
[9]

[10]

[13]

[10-12]

ITS (ITS )

579

[10]
ITS ITS

ITS
[14]

2.2
[15] [16] [17] [18]

CHI Research [19] (% patent


growth rate per quarterPGR)
(propensity to patentPTP)
(R&D)
(patent growth percent
in area) (percent of
company patents in area)
CHI current impact index (CII)

technology strength (TS)technology cycle time


(TCT) prior art
science linkage indicators (SL)
CHI
1972 2004 (NSF) [20] Science
and Engineering Indicators
[21]
Thomas McMillan [22] (CII, TCT, SL) R&D
580

500 (Standard and Poors (S&P) 500 Index)


Deng [23]
Deng [23] CHI
Research CompuState
Breitzman [24]
R&D (CII, TCT, SL)
R&D
WIPO 2003 [25]
Singh [26] USPDO

Von Wartburg [27] (patent citation network analysis)


[28]Brinn [29] M-CAM DOORS
(patent citation network)

[21]
IPC UPC
F-Term IPC (European Patent
ClassificationEC ECLA) [30] Tomas
Derwent 40 (Derwent World
Patent IndexDWPI) 21
[31]
(Derwent Innovations IndexDII) (Derwent Patents Citation Index
DPCI) ISI Web of Science Dernis Khan [32] triadic
patent families (JPO, EPO & USPTO) (patent families)

(normalization) (unification) (validation)


4
ITS ITS

ITS ITS [33]

4. Dialog, Questel/Orbit, STN, PATOLIS, Thomas Derwent, IFI


Delphion (PM-Manager, PIAS, Patent-Lab, Maple IT,
Semio, IPAM, SmartCharts for Patents, ThemeScape, Aureka, Patent Guider, Patent Eye, Knowledgist
)

581

ITS
[34]
ITS
ITS

[35]

19
97
106
[36]

[37]

[38] [39] [40]

ITS
ITS
ITS

ITS

ITS
1977 2003 12 31

ITS

582

3.1

IPC [41]
1.
2.
3.
4. IPC (International Patent Classification IPC)

3.2
Jung Imm [34]Sun [42]Bigwood [43]Markus [44]

1. ITS
ITS
ITS

2.

ITS
IPC

4.1
2 2 3

583

ITS
ITS
3 ITS
ITS
2
[8]
19861995
ITS

Jung Imm [34]


1988 1998
2

191

455

1984
1985

1985
1986

1998
2001

1995
1996

2000
2002

2000
2002

ITS
584

ITS

160% ITS

ITS 80
ITS
ITS
ITS

3 ITS

212

539

1.11

1.18

ITS

585

4 ITS

111

358

1.72

1.27

0.60

0.50

1.25

1.12

4.77

4.93

(
)

(
)

586

4.2

ITS

4 80 90 2000

ITS

5 1%
5%10% 20%

587

56
20%

ITS
ITS

7 8

588

90 2000 2003
ITS
90 2000
ITS

4.3
5
ITS
589

ITS
ITS

12

16

10

9 10

4.4 IPC
6 IPC IPC IPC
11 14 6 IPC IPC
IPC
590

IPC
()
IPC
()

IPC

G08

B60

B60

G08

H04

G01

11 IPC

12 IPC

H
7%

10%
B60
30%
G
46%

44%

B
37%
G01
10%

13 IPC

G08
16%

14 IPC

591

IPC G B H IPC
IPC 92%
G IPC G B
IPC 10 IPC
B60 G08 IPC
IPC
15 16 6 IPC IPC
2001 IPC 2001
G08 B60 IPC IPC
IPC 2001

15

16

IPC

IPC

592

B60 IPC ITS B IPC


B60 G IPC

()
17 ITS
AVCSS EMS
ITS
ATMS [45]
1986 1995

ITS ATMS

17

18 ITS

ITS
ITS

593

18

()

()
19 20 7

4
2.5
()
21 AVCSS
EMS 17 21
EPS

19

594

EPS
22
7

1.92

0.82

1.44

0.30

20

21

22 ITS

EPS
EMS ITS
595

EMS

24 ITS

22

()

23 ITS

ATMS 22
ATMS
ATMS
ITS
EPS
17
9 EPS

()
24 ITS
ITS EPS
ITS
EMS EMS

596

23

()

24

()

25 ITS
ITS
ITS
EPS ATIS
EPS ATIS
()
8 ITS

CVOEPSEMS
597

25
8

ATMS

ATIS

AVCSS

CVO

APTS

EPS

EMS

(ATMSATISCVOEMS)
() IPC
9 ITS IPC IPC
G G06 G07
G08 ()
B60 G01 G08
( 10) ITS

598

IPC (2 )
IPC

ATMS

ATIS

AVCSS

CVO

APTS

EPS

EMS

G08

G08

B60

G08

G07

G07

G05

G06

G01

G08

H04

G08

H04

G08

G07

G06

G01

G06

G06

G08

H04

G08

G01

B60

B60

G08

G07

B60

G06

H04

G08

G01

G09

G06

G08

H04

B60

G01

G08

B60

B60

G01

10

IPC

B60

B61

B62

E05

F02

F16

G01

G05

G06

G07

G08

G09

H04

B60R

B60T

B60K

B60Q

B62D

G01C

G06F

G08G

[36]

599

26

()
( 262728) ( DEA
relative efficiency)

26

ITS

ITS

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

26

ITS

600

27 28 ITS ITS
ITS

27

AVCSS
ITS AVCSS
ITS
ITS
ITS
EMS EPS
AVCSS

601

28

ITS

ITS
ITS ITS

ITS
ITS
ITS
602

ITS

1.
ITS

2. ITS
ITS
ITS
ITS
3.

4. AVCSS
EMS
ATMS
ITS EPS
ATIS
EPS ATIS
5.

6. G B60 G01 G08


ITS
7.

ITS
8.
ITS ITS
ITS
ITS

603

ITS

ITS
ITS
ITS

ITS ITS
ITS
ITS
ITS
ITS
ITS
ITS

ITS
ITS ITS

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