You are on page 1of 2

Viceministry of Environment

Figure 1. Water Cycle


Precipitacin River Basin
Evaporation
REC HA REA REA EA EA RG REA ARG EA CH RG DIS HA REC REA EA AREA ARG ARGE CH H DIS REC

National Water Resources Plan and CONPES Document


The Policy has a 12-year horizon and will be implemented through an action plan called National Water Resources Plan, which will develop each one of the strategic action lines, defining specific programs and projects to be implemented in the short-term (2014), middle-term (2018), and long-term (2022), which has specific goals, responsible and budget. The National Water Resources Plan formulation has to be the result of a concerted process into which it would be taken into account the regional characteristics and priorities, but considering that its deliverables must to contribute to the Integrated Water Resources Management Policy objectives and national goals. Also, to help Policy implementation and to comply with the 2006 2010 National Development Plan, it will be issued a CONPES document on Water Resources Policy with a sector approach, in consideration to water strategic value for the country economic activities development.
Pictures: Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia and Jos Roberto Arango R.

National Policy Resources Management


for Integrated Water

What is Integrated Water Resources Management IWRM?


It is the process whose goal is to promote water coordinated management and development in relationship with other natural resources, in order to maximize the resultant economical and social welfare, in an equitable manner, without compromising vital ecosystems sustainability. (Source: Technical Adviser Board of Global Water Partnership, IWRM, Denmark 2000).

Demand
Forest Soil humidity

Evaporation / Evapotranspiration

Flow Direction

Reuse and wastewater treated discharge

Table

Water

Tabl

PHREATIC ZONE
W at er

FRACTURE ZONE

Infiltration Recharge

FRACTURE ZONE FAULT

Demand Water runoff


Ocean

FRACTURE ZONE

CUENCAS HIDROLGICAS
Fuente: Adaptado del Servicio Hidrolgico Americano

Demand
Aquifer Extraction

Conceptual Framework for IWRM


This concept requires considering water within its natural cycle and the interrelationship between surface, underground and marine water. The river basin is the spatial unit of analysis where water interacts with other renewable natural resources. In order to have a coherent country river basin planning, it has been structured a spatial model that establishes the following scales: 1 Basins object to Strategic Planning: They comprise the five large Country Hydrographic Areas: Magdalena - Cauca, Caribe, Orinoco, Amazonas and Pacfico. 2 Basins object to National Monitoring and Instrumentation: Those are the 42 Hydrographic Zones defined by IDEAM. 3 Basins object to Management and planning: Those are the basins that correspond to Hydrographic Subzones or lesser level, on which there will be formulated and implemented, on a prioritized manner, the Basin Management and Planning Plan BMPP. 4 Basins and Aquifer object to Environmental Management Plan: They comprise the lowest level basins to those that are object to BMPP, and the prioritized aquifers which will be object to specific management plans. As for planning purposes, those basins that present ecological, economic, and social conditions will be object to planning and management (priority order), and the BMPP will be formulated. On the contrary, the key ecosystem for water resource protection which requires Management Plan will be prioritized. As for water administration, it is necessary to start by planning the water resources in order to determinate its uses and to identify existing and potential socio environmental conflicts, in which case the water stream should be first regulated by distributing and assigning water volumes, and permitting wastewater discharge; on the contrary, water administration will be continued through water concessions and single wastewater discharge permits. The Policy establishes its actions on six key objectives for the IWRM: 1. Offer; 2. Demand; 3. Quality; 4. Offer risk; 5. Institutional Capacity-building; and 6. Governance (See Figure 2). The action lines to be undertaken in each one, must be prioritized to respond to regional importance and severity of water problems and conflicts, and availability of financial resources; those action lines have measurable and verifiable goals and indicators to allow to fix them in order to comply with Policy objectives on an ongoing improvement process framework. The IWRM requires a coordinated implementation of the tools required for its planning, administration, control and monitoring; through which the key stakeholders interact (users, environmental authorities and territorial entities) to ensure basin governance.

Seawater intrusion

Surface, underground and marine water interconnection

Figure 2. Basins Management and Planning Structure


1
BASINS OBJECT TO STRATEGIC PLANNING (5 Hydrographic Areas)

Strategic Planning Guidelines

BASINS OBJECT TO NATIONAL MONITORING AND INSTRUMENTATION (42 Hydrographic Zones )

National Network of Quality and Quantity of Surface Water and Groundwater

BASINS OBJECT TO MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING (Hydrographic Subzones or lesser level)

BMPP (Superficial, underground and marine water)

UNDERGROUND WATER MICRO-BASINS

MANAGEMENT PLAN

Figure 3. Basins Management and Water Administration


MANAGEMENT: COORDINATED USE PLANNING OF WATER, FLORA AND WILDLIFE
THERE ARE ECOLOGICAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS, TO UNDERTAKE BASIN MANAGEMENT NO
NRR PRIORITY DETERIORATED OR VULNERABLE
Criterial IDEAM

WATER RESOURCES
OFFER: Quality Quantity DEMAND : Water Resources Users Inventory Wastewater discharge (as discharge receivers)

YES

Criterial IDEAM

MONITORING AND FOLLOW-UP

BASINS PRIORITY UNDERTAKE BASIN MANAGEMENT

WATER RESOURCE: Modeling of quality and quantity of surface water and groundwater) Ecological, environmental/scure/base/minimum volume Water resources availability and accesbility

Undergroundwater Management Plan

Protected areas Management plan

Mangrove Ecosystem Management Plan

Water Resources M and Reg. Plan

Marine and Coastal water M.Plan

Water Resorces use (destination -objectives)


EXISTING AND POTENTIAL SOCIO ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICTS DUE TO ACCESS TO WATERRESOURCES

Dry Zone Management Plan

Wetlands Management plan

Paramo Management Plan

Forrest Management Plan

BASIN MANAGEMENT (Land use planning) - Definning elements ESTRATEGIES PLANS PROJECTS MECHANISMS & INSTRUMENTS

YES

NO
Distribucin de caudales (concesiones) Reglamentacin de Vertimientos (permisos)

REGLAMENTACIN DE CORRIENTES

Middle-term and long-term actions

Short- term and medium term actions

Monitoring and Follow-up

WATER RESOURCES BASIN MANAGEMENT PLAN

POT

Libertad y Orden
Ministry of Environment, Housing and Use Land Development
Viceministry of Environment
Ecosystems Direction
Republic of Colombia

Figure 4. Concept Framework for IWRM


1. OFFER
Water resources class
A.Surface/Underground/Meteoric/ Marine Water

5. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY-BUILDING INSTRUMENTS FOR INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Problematic conflicts -priorities REGULATION AND POLICIES COMMAND AND CONTROL TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTIONAL

Water resources status Ecosystems Agriculture Domestic Industrial Services

Basins/ P. Hidrogeologic/ reservoirs/salt marshes/Glaciers/ Higth Plateau

Goals & Indicators

Organic Pollution Solids and Sediments Pathogens Nutrients Substances of sanitation interest Natural Anthropic

3. QUALITY

For more information on the integrated water Resources Management Policy, consult our website at: http //www.minambiente.gov.co Calle 37 No. 8-40, Bogot, Colombia Tel: (1) 332 3434/ 00 Ext. 2722-2723 carias@minambiente.gov.co jsandoval@minambiente.gov.co dtinjaca@minambiente.gov.co

2. DEMAND

INFORMATION

ECONOMICS

PLANNING

FINANTIAL

RESEARCH

SECTOR

SOCIAL

Policy objectives and structure


Libertad y Orden
Ministry of Environment, Housing and Use Land Development
Viceministry of Environment
Ecosystems Direction
Republic of Colombia

RIVERS BASIN /MARINE - COASTAL UNITS USERS, MUNICIPAL ENTITIES, ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITIES 6. GOVERNANCE

Main Objective: To ensure water resources sustainability, through and efficient and effective management, articulated to the land use planning, and the ecosystems conservation that regulate water resources offer, considering water as a economical and social welfare development factor, and implementing equitable and inclusive participation processes. Table 1 presents the strategies, goals, indicators, and strategic action lines that develop each one of the six specific objectives.

4. RISKS

Ecopaper made of sugar cane fiber, natural row material, renewable, reeyeled and 100% biodegradable

2010

Objective 1. OFFER: Protect ecosystems and hydrologic processes upon which country water offer depends on

STRATEGIES
1.1. Knowledge It knows the offer of 100% river basins and prioritized aquifer in the National Water Resources Plan. 1.1.1 Increase and consolidate at a basin level, knowledge on total water resources offer and availability in the country, to have reliable water resources balances. 1.1.2 Deepen the knowledge on offer (resources and reserves) of main aquifers in the country. 1.1.3 Quantify water related environmental services and goods offered by key ecosystems for water resources offer regulation and water Number of prioritized basins in the National Water Resources Plan that have information on water resources offer / total number of prioritized basins in the National Water Resources Plan Number of prioritized aquifers with information/ total number of prioritized aquifers in the National Water Resources Plan Key ecosystems for water resources offer regulation, evaluated according to ecosystems and water resources environmental services/ key ecosystems prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Number of macro basins with strategic plans/ 5 country macro basins Number of prioritized basins with basin management and planning plans (BMPP), in execution/ total number of prioritized basins

GENERAL GOAL

INDICATOR

STRATEGIC ACTION LINES

1.2. Planning

It knows the water resources relationship with dynamics and functions of 100% of key ecosystems for water resources offer regulation, prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan It have been formulated and implemented strategic plans in five country macro basins It have been formulated and implemented 100% of basin management and planning plans in the prioritized basins in the National Water Resources Plan.

Number of management plans of aquifers implemented/ number of prioritized aquifers Municipalities that have implemented guidelines for land occupancy in their land use planning plans/total number of country municipalities

1.2.1 Carry out strategic analysis of 5 country macro basins to establish guidelines for their sustainable planning and management. 1.2.2 Prioritize, formulate and implement basin management and planning plans to be developed in the basins object to planning and management that correspond to hydrographic subzones or lesser level defined by IDEAM 1.2.3 Promote land use planning plans articulation with basin management and planning plans, as defining elements for environmental and natural resources protection and conservation and natural risks and threats prevention. 1.2.4 Formulate and implement prioritized aquifer management plans defined in the National Water Resources Plan, that are not included in the basin management and planning plans prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. 1.2.5 Guide land occupancy strategies in the land use planning plans, to take into account water availability and quality. 1.3.1 Promote and support national, regional and local processes for key ecosystems protection, conservation and restoration for regulation of water resources offer, through actions such as formulation and implementation of management plans when needed. 1.3.2 Acquire, delimit, manage and supervise areas where key ecosystems for regulation of water resources offer are found. 1.3.3 Define minimum water volume necessary for superficial streams maintenance and their associated aquatic ecosystems, and implement measures to ensure them.

1.3. Conservation

It have been formulated and implemented 100% of management plans in the prioritized aquifers in the National Water Resources Plan. It have been formulated and implemented in at least 70% of the country municipalities, guidelines for land occupancy related to water resources availability. It conserves at least 80% of key ecosystems area for regulation of water resources offer that have been prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. Number of key ecosystems for regulation of water resources offer with management plan implemented/total number of key ecosystems for water resources offer regulation that have been prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Number of hectares of key ecosystems for regulation of water resources offer that have been conserved/total of hectares of key ecosystems for water resources offer regulation that have been prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Number of water streams with minimum volume defined and with management measures to maintain it/Total number of water bodies prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan

It maintains the minimum water volume necessary for superficial streams maintenance and their associated aquatic ecosystems, in 100% of water bodies prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan.

Objective 2. DEMAND: Characterize, quantify and optimize country water demand

STRATEGIES
2.1. Characterization and quantification of water demand in prioritized basins It has been quantified and measured at least 60% of total water consumption and for user type in the prioritized basins for the environmental authorities in the National Water Resources Plan.

GENERAL GOAL

INDICATOR
Annual water sector consumption in m3/Sector unity of GDP (Gross Domestic Product)

STRATEGIC ACTION LINES

It has been implemented the environmental component in 100% of the adopted drinking water and sanitation department plans. Water volume measured/ Total estimated demand volume 2.2. Incorporation of the integrated water resources management into main productive sector users of water 2.3. Efficient and sustainable water use It has been incorporated the integrated water resources management at least in 70% of the strategic and action plans of the main productive sectors prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. It have been formulated and it is being implemented efficient and savings water use plans in the 100% of drinking water and sewage utilities, irrigation and drainage, hydro electrical production and other users, prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan.

Number of drinking water and sanitation department plans formulated with an environmental component/ Number of drinking water and sanitation department plans adopted Number of sector strategic and action plans that have incorporated the integrated water resources management/ number of sector plans prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Savings: % reduction of volume used=(volume basis/volume used)*100; Where: volume basis=(Volume collected-Volume used)/ Volume Collected ) Number of efficient and savings water use plans implemented by sector/number of efficient and savings water use plans prioritized by sector in the National Water Resources Plan

2.1.1 Carry out inventory and water resources users registry (legal and for legalizing), at prioritized basins in the National Water Resources Plan, in relation with superficial, underground and marine water. 2.1.2 Quantify water demand and quality required for development of activities of the main water resources sector users, at sector and regional level. 2.1.3 Implement and make periodical monitoring to water consumption measurement systems for prioritized users in the National Water Resources Plan. 2.1.4 Apply the water balance methodology (offer vs. demand) at basin level to administer demand, taking into account environmental minimum volume. 2.2.1 Structure and implement the environmental component of the drinking water and sanitation department plans. 2.2.2 Incorporate the Integrated Water Resources Management National Policys guidelines into the strategic and action plans of main productive sector users of water resources prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. 2.3.1 Increase utilization of savings and efficient water use technologies. 2.3.2 Adopt water lost reduction programs and improvement of existing obsolete infrastructure in the drinking water supply systems for any use. 2.3.3 Increase efficient and savings water use plans implementation, in drinking water and sewarage utilities, irrigation and drainage, hydro electrical production and other users, prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. 2.3.4 Develop and implement mechanisms to promote changes in non sustainable consumption habits in water users.

Objective 3. Quality: Improve quality and minimize contamination of water resources

STRATEGIES
3.1. Management and regulation of water resources uses 3.2. Reduction of water resources pollution It has been ordered, regulated and there is a user registry in the 100% of prioritized basins in the National Water Resources Plan. It has been reached the quality objectives in at least 70% of water bodies prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. Maintain in the 17.2% or increase, the value of the annual average quality index corresponding to the Acceptable category, in the water bodies monitored by the national water quality monitoring network by IDEAM. It has been consolidated and it is 100% operational, the water resources monitoring network at national level.

GENERAL GOAL

INDICATOR
Number of prioritized basins with water resources ordered, regulated and with users registry/ total number of prioritized basins Number of water bodies with quality objectives reached/ number of water bodies prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Annual average quality index in the good and acceptable categories in the water bodies monitored by the National Water Quality Monitoring Network by IDEAM, in the Magdalena-Cauca macro-basin Number of sources monitored/ number of sources prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan

STRATEGIC ACTION LINES


3.1.1 Develop and apply the management, regulation and registry of users in the prioritized basins the National Water Resources Plan, and make monitoring of their obligations. 3.2.1 Reduce in the water bodies prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan, the contribution of point and diffuse polution by implementing, in its order, reduction actions in the source, clean production and wastewater treatment, to also reduce polution for organic material and suspended solids, pathogens, nutrients and substances of sanitation interest.

3.3. Monitoring, follow-up and evaluation of water quality

It has been articulated and optimized the regional superficial water resources, underground and marine water monitoring programs and networks, in 100% of the prioritized basins in the National Water Resources Plan

Number of wastewater discharge monitoring programs periodically executed/ number of wastewater discharge programs defined for the prioritized basins in the National Water Resources Plan

3.2.2 Eliminate solid waste discharge into water bodies, within the framework established in the integrated solid waste management plans (ISWMP). 3.3.1 Formulate and implement the national water resources monitoring program. 3.3.2 Optimize, complement and maintain under permanent operation the continental water quality and quantity monitoring network in the 42 basins object to national monitoring and instrumentation, they comprise the hydrographic zones defined by IDEAM, and marine water based on Marine and Coastal Water Quality Monitoring Network-REDCAM. 3.3.3 Continue with the accreditation and certification program for environmental laboratories being developed by IDEAM. 3.3.4 Articulate and optimize regional superficial water resources, underground and marine water monitoring programs and networks, through actions such as, among others, integration of monitoring networks, establishment of regulations and protocols for water resources quality monitoring. 3.3.5 Increase and/or improve wastewater discharge monitoring, follow-up and evaluation systems, that enable to periodically know its evolution, as well as quality and state of the prioritized water bodies receivers in the National Water Resources Plan.

Objective 4. RISKS: Develop integrated risks management associated with water offer and availability

STRATEGIES

GENERAL GOAL

INDICATOR
Number of entities that have generated and communicated information and knowledge on It has been generated and communicated information and risks related to water resources offer and availability/ total number of entities in charge of knowledge on risks that affect water resources offer and availability in 100% of entities in charge of risks prevention and risks prevention and attention associated with water resources offer attention associated with water resources offer.

STRATEGIC ACTION LINES

4.1. Generation and communication of information and knowledge on risks that affect water resources offer and availability. 4.2. Incorporation of risks management associated with water offer and availability in the planning instruments

Number of environmental, sector and land use planning instruments that have incorporated risks management on water offer and availability/number of planning instruments prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan It has been incorporated and implemented risks management associated with water offer and availability in 100% of the planning instruments prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. It have been formulated and implemented in 100% of municipalities with scarcity index in the middle and high category, the efficient and savings water use programs Number of municipalities with scarcity index in the middle and high category that have efficient and savings water use programs/ total number of municipalities with scarcity index in the middle and high category 4.3. Measures for reduction It have been developed measures for reduction and adaptation Number of measures for climate change adaptation implemented/ number of measures for climate change adaptation defined for key ecosystems for water resources offer regulation to risks associated with water resources offer and availability and for supplying the main sector users of water. in the key ecosystems for its regulation, and at least in the following sectors: hydro energy, agriculture, river navigation, and drinking water supply.

TABLE 1. INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT POLICy


4.1.1 Generate knowledge on risks associated to water resources, through actions such as identification and characterization of key ecosystems and artificial systems vulnerability for water resources regulation. 4.1.2 Inventory and identify risks on water supply infrastructure of different users, as a result of natural and anthropic threats that affect water resources availability. 4.1.3 Systematize information related to risks that affect water resources offer and availability, and communicate it to the community in order to know and prevent them. 4.2.1 Incorporate risks management associated with water offer and availability in the land use planning plans, land development plans and attention and prevention of disaster plans of the municipal entities. 4.2.2 Incorporate risks management associated with water offer and availability in the strategic and action plans of the main productive sector users of the water resources. 4.2.3 Incorporate risks management associated with water offer and availability in the river basin management and planning plans, sanitation and wastewater management plans, efficient and savings water use programs, underground management plans and other key ecosystems management plans for water resources regulation. 4.3.1 Design and implement measures to adapt to climate change in the key ecosystems for water resources offer regulation, and in the following sectors: hydro energy, agriculture, river navigation, and drinking water supply. 4.3.2 Design and implement at local and regional level, measures to reduce risks for climate variability (El Nio and La Nia phenomena) and for other natural threats that affect key ecosystems for water resources offer regulation, and offer and availability of main country water users

Objective 5. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY-BUILDING: Generate conditions for institutional capacity-building in the integrated water resources management

STRATEGIES
5.1. Improvement of capacities of public management of water resources

GENERAL GOAL

INDICATOR
Performance evaluation index of environmental authorities in relation with the integrated water resources management It has been implemented a performance evaluation index of environmental authorities in relation with the IWRM, in accordance with Decree 1200/2004 and its average acceptable outcome (over 70%) It has been decreased by 50% the percentage of water resources users for being legalized in the basins prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. Percentage of users for being legalized in the basins defined in the National Water Resources Plan

STRATEGIC ACTION LINES


5.1.1 Improve capacity for integrated water resources management of environmental authorities and others involved in the decision-making process. 5.1.2 Articulate and coordinate between the Ministry of Environment and the environmental authorities, actions that can affect water resources, with other ministries and municipal entities. 5.1.3 Implement legalization programs for water resources users without permits. 5.1.4 Orient and increase actions on conservation and efficient use of water resources that water users (individuals, private and public entities, and community at large) voluntarily develop. 5.1.5 Regulate water bodies prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. It has been implemented water streams regulation in 100% of the water bodies prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. 5.2. Training, investigation and information management It has been implemented 100% of the national plan of investigation and training on integrated water resources managements programs and water resources information systems tools. 5.1.6 Implement the water resources users registry (Decree 1324/2007) 5.2.1 Formulate and implement a national plan of investigation and training on integrated water resources management. 5.2.2 Implement the water resources information system (Decree 1323/2007). 5.3. Legal review and articulation with other policies It has been reviewed and adjusted as needed, 100% of law related to integrated water resources management prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan, and there are protocols, guidelines and tool boxes to be implemented by environmental authorities. 5.3.1 Integrate, harmonize and optimize laws related to integrated water resources management, as well as design and implement protocols, guidelines and tool boxes to correctly comply with such laws. 5.3.2 Influence private or public policies that can affect water resources, by articulating National Policy for IWRMs actions with other environmental, sector and multi-sector policies such as the National Policy of Oceans and Coastal Spaces. 5.3.3 Establish and apply water resources quality standards and criteria for uses that require regulation, such as marine water, aquifer recharges and wastewater treated reuse. Number of water bodies with water streams regulations/ number of water bodies prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Number of basins with Users Registry implemented/ number of basins prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Number of programs of the national plan of investigation and training on integrated water resources management that have been implemented/ number of programs of the national plan of investigation and training on integrated water resources management, prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Number of tools of the water resources information system that have been implemented/ number of water resources information systems tools prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Number of laws prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan that have been reviewed and/or articulated and that also have protocols, guidelines and tool boxes/ total number of prioritized laws.

5.4. Financial sustainability

It have been quantified and there is 100% of financial resources to execute the National Water Resources Plan

Resources allocated to finance the National Water Resources Plan/ resources required to implement the National Water Resources Plan

5.3.4 Establish rules and criteria for environmental land use regulation within the basin management and planning plan framework. 5.3.5 Regulate environmental regulations for adjacent oceans. 5.4.1 Quantify and prioritize investments, and also, allocate necessary resources for financing the National Water Resources Plan. 5.4.2 Articulate and optimize existing financial sources for integrated water resources management and seek additional funding required to financial closure of programs and projects prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan. 5.4.3 Carry out monitoring and periodic and public evaluation of outcomes from investments made within the National Water Resources Plan framework.

Objective 6. GOVERNANCE: Consolidate and strengthen governance for integrated water resources management

STRATEGIES
6.1. Participation

GENERAL GOAL

INDICATOR
Number of Basin Councils implemented/ total number of management and planning It has been implemented, at least 50% of the management processes of prioritized basins being formulated and/or implemented at national level and planning processes of prioritized basins in terms of formulation and/or implementation, the Basin Council, as mechanism for effective participation of users in the planning, administration, surveillance and monitoring of water resources.

STRATEGIC ACTION LINES

6.2. Water Culture

It has been incorporated a culture of respect and social responsibility towards the water resources by users of 100% of prioritized basins in the National Water Resources Plan. 6.3. Conflict management It have been effectively implemented in 100% of environmental authorities: prioritization criteria, mechanisms, protocols and guidelines for conflict management related to water resources.

Number of water culture actions implemented in the prioritized basins defined in the National Water Resources Plan/ number of prioritized actions in the National Water Resources Plan Number of management and transformation conflict scenarios, promoted and implemented by environmental authorities/ number of management and transformation conflict scenarios, prioritized in the National Water Resources Plan Number of institutions that have built and implemented protocols and guidelines for management and transformation of conflicts related to the integrated water resources management/ total number of institutions that participate in the integrated water resources management according to the priorities in the National Water Resources Plan.

6.1.1 Increase participation capacity of all actors involved in the integrated water resources management. 6.1.2 Implement programs to promote social control and citizens oversight towards the integrated water resources management. 6.1.3 Implement programs to assure participation in the integrated water resources management of the most vulnerable social groups. 6.1.4 Implement massive communication and information programs at national, regional and local level, concerning developed and projected actions to implement the National Water Resources Plan. 6.1.5 Develop and implement schemes of local community management towards a responsible water management and use. 6.2.1 Implement sensitization campaigns and educational campaigns about the integrated water resources management, which include all sector users of water. 6.2.2 Develop and implement curriculum content regarding to the integrated water resources management, adapted to local context. 6.3.1 Identify, characterize and classify conflicts related to water resources. 6.3.2 Develop and implement scenarios and spaces for management and transformation of conflict and assure shared and equitable water use. 6.3.3 Provide with the necessary resources, tools and training for the management and transformation of conflicts in the integrated water resources management.