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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

Objective Questions MEPP 412 Automobile Engineering Miscellaneous


1) The three basic cylinder arrangements for automobile engines are; a) flat, Radial, V b) In a row, in-line, opposed c) Inline, V, opposed d) V, double line, opposed 2) An engine with the camshaft in the block operates the valves through a) valve lifters b) push rods c) rocker arms d) all of the above 3) Six cylinder engines can be a) Inline, V or opposed b) radial, opposed, and lined c) aligned, in a row, and overhead d) adjusted to improve volumetric efficiency 4) A V-8 engine has a) two four cylinder rows or banks b) a crankshaft with four crankpins c) two connecting rods attached to each crankpin d) all of the above 5) The cylinder banks of an engine are identified as; a) right or left when viewed form the front of the engine b) right or left when viewed from the output end c) both a and b d) neither a nor b 6) The firing order is the a) order in which the cylinders are numbered b) sequence in which cylinders deliver their power strokes c) sequence in which the connecting rods attach along the crankshaft. d) direction in which the crankshaft rotates. 7) In an even firing six cylinder engine, a firing impulse occurs every a) 60o of crankshaft rotation. b) 720o of crankshaft rotation. c) 30o of crankshaft rotation. d) 120o of crankshaft rotation. 8) The two stroke cycle engine a) produces a power stroke every crankshaft revolution. b) Is twice as powerful as a similar four stroke cycle engine. c) Is used in most higher priced cars d) Produces a power stroke every other crankshaft revolution. 9) The cylinder head from the upper end of the combustion chamber. The lower end is formed by the a) piston and rings b) connecting rod and crankshaft c) valves d) cams and camshaft

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

10) Technician A says turbulence causes the air-fuel mixture to burn rapidly. Technician B says turbulence slows the spread of the flame so the mixture has more time to burn. Who is right? a) A only b) B only c) both A and B d) neither A nor B 11) Technician A says that the precombustion chamber improves turbulence. Technician B says it produces stratified charge? Who is right? a) A only b) B only c) both A and B d) neither A nor B 12) Excessive back and forth movement of the crankshaft is prevented by a) sleeve bearing. b) shaft journal. c) thrust bearing. d) harmonic balancer. 13) Piston pins are usually either a press fit in the rod or a) locked to the rod with a bolt. b) free floating in the rod and piston. c) locked to the piston with a bolt. d) a press fit in the piston. 14) Technician A says worn cylinder walls cause the engine to loose power. Technician B says engine wear increases oil consumption. Who is right? a) A only b) B only c) both A and B d) neither A nor B 15) Two basic type of valve trains are a) single overhead camshaft and double overhead camshaft b) pushrod and overhead valve c) camshaft in block and overhead camshaft d) fixed timing and variable timing. 16) When the camshaft is in the cylinder block, the parts in the valve train include the cam and the a) lifter, pushrod, rocker arm and valve spring. b) bucket tappet, adjustment screw, push rod and rocker arm. c) roller tappet, adjustment screw, pivot and roller rocker. d) lifter, push rod, lash adjuster and valve spring. 17) The camshaft is driven by sprocket and chain or toothed belt or by a) the distribution shaft b) an oil pump gear c) timing gears d) a timing belt 18) Technician A says in an engine with one intake and one exhaust valve, the larger valve is the exhaust valve. Technician B says the larger valve is the inlet valve. Who is right? a) A only. b) B only c) both A and B d) neither A nor B.

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

The Constructional Details


1) The functions of the cylinder block are; a) to provide combustion chamber b) to serve as bearings and guides for pistons c) to provide passage for cooling water circulation d) all of the above 2) The bearings on which the crankshaft is supported in the crankcase is called a) main bearing b) thrust bearing c) sleeve bearing d) low friction bearing 3) The component attached at the top of the cylinder block is called a) timing gear b) ignition distributor c) flywheel d) cylinder head 4) The advantage of monoblock cylinder construction is; a) better water sealing joints b) more positive water circulation c) simpler manufacturing operations d) all of the above 5) The advantage of individual cylinder construction is; a) less costly replacement of cylinders b) easier handling during repairs c) provision of more heat transfer area for air cooling systems. d) all of the above 6) The advantage associated with Cast Iron as cylinder block material is a) good foundry material b) high machinability c) better retention of lubricating oil d) all of the above 7) Considering different properties, the material suitable for engines with higher compression ratio is; a) Cast Iron b) Pig Iron c) Aluminium d) Copper 8) To obtain a cylinder block with light weight and less wearing surface; a) Cast iron block is used b) aluminum block is used c) aluminum alloy with chromium plated cylinder bore is used d) none of the above 9) The cylinder head usually houses a) combustion chamber b) spark plug holes c) valve openings d) all of the above 10) The cylinder heads cast integral with cylinder block is employed in a) racing engines b) truck engines c) airplane engines d) heavy equipment 11) The advantage of detachable cylinder head construction over the integral construction is; 3 of 15

MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

a) more simplified production b) simplified decarbonizing and valve grinding c) possibility of changing compression ratio d) all of the above 12) For heavy duty engines, the cylinder head material used is a) cast iron b) aluminum c) aluminum alloys d) copper alloys 13) The main function of the oil pan is to a) store the oil for engine lubricating system. b) collect the impurities in the lubricating oil. c) both of the above d) none of the above 14) Baffle plates are provided in the oil pan for the purpose of a) reducing oil surging b) to decrease the temperature c) to reduce the oil pressure d) to remove the impurities from the lubrication oil 15) The main function of pistons in an IC Engine is a) to transmit the force of explosion to the crankshaft b) to form a seal to prevent blowby c) to serve as a guide and bearing for small end of the connecting rod d) all of the above 16) The part of the piston which remain adjacent to the combustion chamber is a) piston pin boss b) lands c) skirt d) crown 17) A small groove cut near the top of the piston to prevent heat travel from the piston crown to the skirt is called; a) heat dam b) horizontal slot c) vertical slot d) wire winding

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

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The function of the piston ring is to (a) to form a seal to prevent blowby (b) to allow heat flow from the piston crown to the cylinder walls (c) to maintain lubricating oil on the cylinder wall (d) all of the above A gap is cut out at the ends of a piston ring so that (a) it can be released into ring groove easily (b) it can provide expansion allowance due to excessive heating (c) it can accumulate solid combustion particles at the gap (d) it can enhance heat transfer Differential expansion of the piston ring with respect to the cylinder is likely to occur though they are made of same material because (a) cylinder wall is operating at higher temperature (b) heat flows from cylinder wall to the piston rings (c) piston ring is operating at higher temperature (d) the blowby gases pass over the piston rings The prominent effect of the excessive piston ring end gap is (a) blowby (b) excessive cylinder wear (c) piston rings butting at higher temperatures (d) uniform pressure on the cylinder wall The piston ring end gap usually maintained is (a) 0.15-0.20mm (b) 0.20-o.25mm (c) 0.300.35mm (d) 0.400.45mm The usually employed piston ring end gap is (a) tapered type (b) seal cut type (c) straight butt type (d) none of the above All these materials are used for piston ring construction except (a) Molybdenum filling (b) Stainless steel (c) Thermochrome (d) Copper The number of rings used in automobile engine is (a) one oil control ring only (b) one oil control ring and two compression rings (c) two oil control rings and one compression ring (d) one compression ring only The number of compression rings required in an I.C. engine is decided by the (a) size of the piston (b) temperature difference between crankcase and combustion chamber (c) pressure difference between crankcase and combustion chamber 5 of 15

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering (d) size of the combustion chamber 27)

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

The pressure difference between combustion chamber and crankcase is usually (a) 50 atmospheres (b) 60 atmospheres (c) 70 atmospheres (d) 80 atmospheres The main function of the compression ring is (a) gas sealing (b) heat transfer (c) assisting oil rings in controlling the oil (d) all of the above The oil control ring is used to prevent excessive amount of oil from passing through (a) between the ring face and the cylinder wall (b) through the ring end gap (c) around behind the rings (d) all of the above The advantage of reduced compression ring width is (a) lower piston height (b) resistance to ring flutter (c) decrease in ring inertia (d) all of the above The stresses acting on the connecting rod is usually (a) axial stresses only (b) bending stresses only (c) combination of axial and bending stresses (d) combination of bending and torsional stresses The cross section of the connecting rod is usually made (a) L-section (b) T-section (c) -section (d) I-section The end of the connecting rod which holds the piston pin is called (a) small end (b) big end (c) none of the above (d) both of the above The lighter connecting rod is obtained when it is (a) cast (b) forged (c) cast and machined (d) none of the above The pin which attaches the connecting rod to the piston is called (a) piston pin (b) wrist pin (c) gudgeon pin 6 of 15

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering (d) all of the above 36) Piston pin is generally (a) solid (b) tubular (c) none of the above (d) both of the above

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

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Circlips are used with piston pin so that (a) the movement of the piston pin can be prevented (b) the expansion of the piston pin can be prevented (c) the piston pin can be protected from the lubricating oil (d) the piston pin does not heat up The major parts of the crankshaft are (a) crank pins, crank webs, counter weights, bearing journals, oil holes (b) piston pins, crank webs, counter weights, bearing journals, oil holes (c) crank webs, counter weights, bearing journals, oil holes (d) crank webs, bearing journals, oil holes The major part of the crankshaft which is attached to the big end of the connecting rod is (a) crank webs (b) counter weights (c) bearing journals (d) crank pins At the front of the crankshaft, the component attached is (a) flywheel (b) starting motor (c) fan (d) clutch The device which is attached to the crankshaft and serves as energy reservoir is (a) flywheel (b) starting motor (c) fan (d) clutch The components attached at the front end of the crankshaft is (a) timing gear (b) vibration damper (c) pulley for water pump (d) all of the above For most of the car engines, the crank pin length is usually (a) 30% of the crankshaft diameter (b) 40% of the crankshaft diameter (c) 45% of the crankshaft diameter (d) 50% of the crankshaft diameter

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

Lubrication and Lubricants


1) The value of friction coefficient is least in the case of (a) dry friction (b) hydrodynamic lubrication (c) boundary lubrication (d) none of the above The objective of lubrication is (a) to reduce friction between moving parts (b) to provide cooling effect (c) to provide cushioning effect (d) all of the above The parameter which indicates the change of viscosity of a lubricating oil with respect to temperature is called (a) viscosity (b) dynamic viscosity (c) kinematic viscosity (d) viscosity index Petroleum based lubricating oils have viscosity index in the range of (a) 70-80 (b) 80-90 (c) 90-100 (d) 100-110 By using additives, viscosity index can be (a) decreased (b) increased (c) kept constant (d) none of the above When the lubricating oil does not separate into solids at lower temperature and does not vaporize at higher temperature, then it is said to be (a) chemically stable (b) physically stable (c) having good pour point (d) having good viscosity index If the lubrication oil doesnot tend to form oxides at higher temperature, then it is said to be (a) (b) (c) (d) 8) chemically stable physically stable having good pour point having good viscosity index

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Pour point refers to (a) the minimum temperature at which the oil will pour (b) the temperature at which the lubricating oil ignites (c) the temperature at which the lubricating oil flashes (d) none of the above

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering 9)

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

To avoid flashing of oil vapour, the flash point of the lubricating oil should be (a) equal to the engine operating temperature (b) greater than the engine operating temperature (c) less than the engine operating temperature (d) none of the above Oiliness refers to the property of the lubricating oils in which the lubricating oils (a) adhere to a metal surface (b) detaches from the metal surface (c) evaporates from the metal surface (d) none of the above The most commonly used lubricating oils are derived from (a) animal oils (b) vegetable oils (c) mineral oils (d) synthetics The most common material which is used as solid lubricant is (a) copper (b) aluminum (c) graphite (d) brass SAE 10W/30 oil has same viscosity as (a) SAE 10W oil at 18oC and SAE 30 oil at 99oC (b) SAE 10W oil at 99oC and SAE 30 oil at 18oC (c) SAE 10W oil at 10oC and SAE 30 oil at 30oC (d) SAE 10 oil at 99oC and SAE 30W oil at 18oC The multigrade oil refers to the type of lubricants in which (a) the viscosity is different at different temperatures (b) the viscosity changes are appreciable with respect to temperature (c) the viscosity changes are minimum (d) none of the above A measure used to prevent the leakage of products of combustion into the crankcase is called (a) crankcase ventilation (b) crankcase safety (c) Exhaust gas recirculation (d) none of the above In case of the positive crankcase ventilations system; (a) air stream due to the motion of the vehicle is circulated in the crankcase (b) air stream due to the cooling fan is circulated in the crankcase (c) air stream due to the vehicle motion and cooling fan is circulated in the crankcase (d) filtered air from the engine air intake is circulated in the crankcase The main advantage of the manifold suction type crankcase ventilation is (a) it does not cause pollution of the atmosphere (b) it decreases fuel consumption 9 of 15

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering (c) it improves vehicle speed (d) it prevents blowby 18)

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

The lubricating system in which the lubricating oil is mixed with petrol is called (a) petrol system (b) splash system (c) pressure system (d) petroil system In case of petrol system of lubrication, the ratio of lubricating oil to petrol is (a) (b) (c) 1/5 (d) 1/6 A lubrication system in which a scoop connected at the lowest part of the connecting rod is used to spread the lubricating oil on the cylinder wall is called (a) (b) (c) (d) petroil system splash system pressure system dry sump system

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The most used lubrication system for modern car engine is (a) (b) (c) (d) petroil system splash system pressure system dry sump system

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In case of V-engines employing pressure type lubrication system (a) only one main oil gallery is used (b) two main oil galleries are used (c) three main oil galleries are used (d) four main oil galleries are used In case of pressure system, the usual pressure at which the lubricating oil is delivered to the main oil gallery is (a) 50-100 kPa (b) 100-150 kPa (c) 200-400 kPa (d) 500-600 kPa The system of lubrication in which the oil under pressure is sent to the main bearings is called (a) petroil system (b) splash system (c) semi-pressure system (d) dry sump system If the vehicle has to be operated at very steep angles, then the preferable lubrication system is 10 of 15

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering (a) (b) (c) (d) 26) petroil system splash system semi-pressure system dry sump system

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

In case of dry sump system of lubrication, number of pumps used is (a) only one (b) two (c) three (d) four In case of dry sump system, the oil pressure maintained is (a) 400-500 kPa for main bearings and 50-100kPa for timing gears (b) 550-600 kPa for big end bearings and 20-30 kPa for cam shaft bearings (c) 300 kPa for main bearings and 40 kPa for timing gears (d) 700 kPa for big end bearing and 150 kpa for cam shaft bearings Incase of semi-pressure system, the oil which is sent to the main bearings is under the pressure of (a) 0.1 kg/cm2 (b) 0.2 kg/cm2 (c) 0.3 kg/cm2 (d) 0.4 kg/cm2 Pistons are generally lubricated and cooled by (a) splash system (b) dry sump system (c) oil jet system (d) petroil system The lubricating system employed for two stroke engine is (a) petroil system (b) splash system (c) pressure system (d) dry sump system

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Automobile Cooling System


1) Amount of energy converted into the useful work at the crankshaft is (a) 20% of the total energy released in combustion (b) 25% of the total energy released in combustion (c) 30% of the total energy released in combustion (d) 35% of the total energy released in combustion 2) the main problem of excess cylinder heating is (a) preignition of the charge (b) seizing of the piston (c) damage of the cylinder liner (d) all of the above

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

Automobile Cooling System


3) Amount of energy converted into the useful work at the crankshaft is (a) 20% of the total energy released in combustion (b) 25% of the total energy released in combustion (c) 30% of the total energy released in combustion (d) 35% of the total energy released in combustion 4) the main problem of excess cylinder heating is (a) preignition of the charge (b) seizing of the piston (c) damage of the cylinder liner (d) all of the above the burning of the charge even before the flame front has reached it is called (a) preignition of the charge (b) autoignition (c) detonation (d) none of the above Engine cooling beyond optimal limit usually results into (a) decrease in thermal efficiency (b) decrease in combustion efficiency (c) decrease in mechanical efficiency (d) all of the above Incase (a) (b) (c) (d) Incase (a) (b) (c) (d) of overcooled engines, the thermal efficiency decreases because the peak temperature is less than usual the peak temperature does not change the peak temperature is more none of the above of overcooled engines, the combustion efficiency decreases because the vaporization of fuel is not sufficient density of air is more amount of fuel is high more blowby takes place

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The mechanical efficiency goes down in case of the overcooled engine because (a) the oil viscosity increases (b) the oil viscosity decreases (c) the oil viscosity does not change (d) the oil has more oiliness In case of overcooled engine, the volumetric efficiency (a) increases (b) remains same (c) decreases (d) does not change In case of air cooled engines, fins are attached to heated metal surface (a) to increase the heat transfer coefficients (b) to increase the contact area between the heated metal and air stream (c) to provide aesthetic (d) to provide more strength to the structure 12 of 15

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

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In case of air cooled engines, the heat dissipated depends upon (a) mass flow rate of air (b) mass flow rate of water in cooling jackets (c) power of the pump (d) none of the above the most important parameter to be considered for air cooled engine is (a) surface area of metal into contact with air (b) mass flow rate of air (c) temperature difference between the heated surface and air (d) all of the above The main advantage of air cooled engine is (a) light weight (b) operability at extreme conditions (c) easier maintenance (d) all of the above The main defect of the air cooled engine is (a) lack of even cooling (b) low heat transfer capability (c) more noisy (d) all of the above In case of the thermosyphon system, (a) radiator header tank must be located higher than the top of the cylinder water jackets (b) radiator header tank must be located at the same level of the cylinder water jackets (c) radiator header tank must be located lower than the top of the cylinder water jackets (d) none of the above In case of thermosyphon system, the rate of water circulation in the system is proportional (a) heat output (b) engine speed (c) engine size (d) size of the radiator In case of pump circulation system, the circulation of cooling water is to (a) both the engine load and speed (b) both the heat output and the engine load (c) both the engine size and the size of the radiator (d) speed only proportional

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As compared to the thermosyphon system, in case of the pump circulation system, (a) a pump as well as a fan is used (b) a pump only is used (c) a fan only is used (d) none of the above

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering 20)

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

The main advantage of the pump circulation system is (a) positive circulation of cooling water (b) no need to place the radiator header tank above the engine level (c) no need to place the radiator on the front (d) all of the above In case of the pump circulation system, the radiator can be located anywhere because (a) there is a water pump to circulate cooling water (b) there is a fan employed to assist air flow (c) road draft of the vehicle is more (d) the system is complicated Incase (a) (b) (c) (d) of the pump circulation system, the pump is driven by flywheel engine crankshaft cam shaft generator

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In case of the pump circulation system, the cooling water circulation is proportional to both the load and speed because (a) increase in load increases thermosyphonic effect (b) increase in speed increase speed of the pump (c) both of the above (d) none of the above The component of the water cooling system which exchanges heat with the outside air is called (a) radiator (b) thermostat (c) pump (d) fan In case of tubular radiator core, (a) the coolant passes through the tube and the air flow over it (b) the coolant flows over the tube and the air flows in it (c) both of the above (d) none of the above A fin inserted inside the radiator tube to increase the turbulence is called (a) baffle plate (b) turbulator (c) thermostat (d) none of the above The material used for radiators should (a) Be resistant to corrosion (b) possess higher thermal conductivity (c) form easily (d) all of the above The main function of the radiator cap is to (a) increase the boiling point of the coolant (b) release the excess pressure 14 of 15

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MEPP 412- Automobile Engineering (c) increase the pressure of the coolant (d) all of the above 29) Usually the radiator cap is set at (a) 5 psi (b) 10 psi (c) 15 psi (d) 20 psi

Suresh Bhakta Shrestha

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In case of the Bellows type thermostat, the valve is fully open at about (a) 75-80oC (b) 80-85oC (c) 85-89oC (d) 90-95oC In case of the Wax thermostat, the plunger is usually made of (a) plastic (b) rubber (c) aluminum (d) copper In case of car overheating, all the windows are opened and the heater is run with the fan going at full blast because (a) heater mirrors the cooling system (b) heater derives heat from the hot engine coolant (c) heater is not operated electrically (d) all of the above

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