You are on page 1of 23

ADEQUACY REPORT ON THE EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT FOR

M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Research Centre U1/78, Budh Vihar Delhi -110086

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA NEW DELHI July 2010

11

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

TABLE OF CONTENTS Subject 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 Introduction Unit Activity Effluent Generation and Characterisation Effluent Treatment System Effluent Treatment Plant Process Units Summary of Treatment Plant Process Equipments and Their Adequacy 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 Characteristics of Treated Effluent Photographs of ETP Performa for Issuing Adequacy Certificate towards Polluting Units: Certificate of Adequacy for Effluent Treatment Plant 13 14 17 19 Page No. 1 2 2 4 5 12

ANNEXURES Test Report Drawing of ETP Data/Information and Undertaking from


M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

ANNEXURE-I ANNEXURE-II ANNEXURE-III

22

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

1.0

INTRODUCTION

M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086 is 100 bedded

hospital. It has OPD, different wards, operation theatres, kitchen, and canteens. All of these units of the hospital generate different types of wastewater. The wastewater from different sources is collected in a single sump. Bio medical hazardous waste is managed separately. The effluent of this unit originates mainly during washing, cleaning and personal hygiene. The total consumption of water is around 40000 lit/day and it works through out the clock. The hospital has set up an Effluent Treatment Plant designed and installed specifically for the purpose. After receiving a request from them, a team of experts from the Department of Civil engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University) visited the unit on ------ and on -------to inspect the ETP operation including the effluent generation and treatment system and to study the activity of the unit. A few suggestions were made and its implementation was monitored. The adequacy report is based on the plant inspection along with the detailed discussion we had with the plant personnel on the working methodology for the treatment and the results of analysis report of ETP as conducted by DPCC. The unit employs nearly 170 persons to various jobs. Client provided us information regarding effluent generation and other hospital details The ETP is already installed and commissioned. Treated effluent has been tested from DPCC. The copy of analysis reports is enclosed.

33

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

2.0

UNIT ACTIVITY

M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086., is a 100 beds hospital and 150 outdoor patients come per day. They have canteens, laboratory and operation theatres.

Water Requirement The water requirement estimated for the Hospital Complex is shown in table below;

The total estimated water consumption is 40000 litres/day S.No 1 2 3 Description of waste water Operation theatre & Patients wards, Kitchen, etc OPD Patient (150x20) Employees (170x35) Total Quantity in litres/Day 31050 3000 5950 40000

3.0

EFFLUENT GENERATION AND CHARACTERISATION

Sources of Pollution Hospital requires special care for sanitation and hygiene and thus huge quantity of wastewater is generated from these head. Laboratory and operation theatres also generate wastewater that needs treatment before disposal. The domestic nature of waste is generated from different hospital wards, canteen and kitchen

44

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

3.1

Quantification of the Effluent

The basis of estimating Effluent generation is as below: Wastewater Generation Estimation S.No 1 2 3 3 Description of waste water Operation theatre & Patients wards, Kitchen, etc OPD Patient Employees Total Quantity in litres/Day 24840 2400 4760 32000

Total wastewater discharge 3 litres/day

3.2

Characterisation of the Effluent

Generated effluent from this type of industry is composed mainly of washing products such as sodium carbonate, tripolyphosphate, biodegradable detergents etc. a typical values of effluent is presented below. The following are the results as presented by the client.

S. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Parameters Appearance pH Suspended Solid Chemical Oxygen Demand Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand Oil & Grease

Values Turbid 7-8 200-400 400-600 150-300 5-10

* All concentration values are in mg/1 excepting that of pH

55

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

4.0

EFFLUENT TREATMENT SYSTEM

System Description: The equalised effluent is feed to aeration tank to enable maximum BOD removal. The aeration system, which works on the activated sludge on suspended growth with aeration principle, enables more than 90% removal of BOD while resulting in very little sludge production. In the aeration tank soluble and colloidal organic matter is destroyed with the help of diffused aerators. The aerator system is seeded with activated sludge taken from similar plant. The mixed liquor from secondary clarifier is drained / re circulated. The clarified water is collected in a tank where sodium hypochlorite / any other recommended oxidant is dosed for removal of residual organics and disinfection. The treated water is taken for disposal / recycles. For further reduction of COD, BOD & Suspended Solids the treated water from Chlorination Tank will flow through Multi grade Filter.

Process Concept: The concept of treatment includes removal of solids, organic matter and handling of sludge for disposal. The heart of the waste treatment system is the aerobic biological reactor, which is designed on the basis of activated sludge on suspended growth type with aeration where the biomass will grow. This treatment basically involves the stabilization of the organic matter by the action of various micro organisms. The biological flocs (MLSS) come in contact with the incoming effluent in the aerators with its highly aerobic environment and oxidize the organic matter. The desirable environmental conditions like sufficient dissolved oxygen and nutrients are required for cell growth and energy for various metabolic functions. It is essential that the biomass readily separate from the treated waste water in the secondary Clarifier.

The optimal pH for biological aeration is 6.0 9.0. The inadequacy of nutrients in the wastewater can be compensated by the addition of Diammonium phosphate and urea.

66

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

Process Description: From the sewage holding tank (equalisation tank) the sewage will be pumped through a pump placed inside / outside the sewage tank to the Aeration Tank. The aeration unit is of activated sludge suspended growth type where the biomass will grow. The sewage from the aeration tank will flow to the secondary clarifier and after clarification will enter in the chlorination tank where it will be chlorinated for disinfection. The treated water from chlorination tank will flow through Activated carbon Filter for the further reduction of BOD and Suspended Solids. The flow diagram of the effluent treatment plant is shown is figure 1.

5.0

EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT PROCESS UNITS

Various process units of the effluent treatment plant and its detail specifications are given below: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Screen Anaerobic Baffled Reactor Anaerobic Filter Aeration Tank Blower Sedimentation Tank (Clarifier) Disinfection Tank (Reaction Tank) Sludge Drying Tank. Activated Carbon Filter

77

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

5.1

Detail Specifications

Screen S. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. Description Number of unit Number of Compartment Removal Mechanism / cleaning Material of Construction Manual RCC Details 1

Anaerobic Baffled Reactor S. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Description Number of units Number of Compartment Size of Compartment Placement Total volume Design discharge Detention time Purpose Details 1 1 2 x 3 x 2..2 m Below Ground Level 13200lit 40000 lit/day 0.378 hrs Anaerobic Treatment of Sewage

Removal Mechanism / cleaning Manual Material of Construction RCC

88

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

Anaerobic Filter S. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Description Number of units Number of Compartment Size of Compartment Placement Total volume Design discharge Detention time Purpose Details 1 1 1 x 3 x 2..2 m Below Ground Level 6600lit 40000 lit/day 0.75 hrs To increase the contact time

Removal Mechanism / cleaning Manual Material of Construction Brick Masonary

Aeration tank S. No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Description Number of units Number of compartment Size of Aeration Tank No. of Diffuser Total Volume Design Discharge Hydraulic Retention Time Purpose Aeration Mechanism Materials of Construction Details 1 1 1 x 3 x 2..2 m 30 No. of 60 mm dia x 600 mm long. 6600lit 40000 lit/day 0.75 hrs Proper aeration for removal of dissolved BOD by Activated Sludge process. Diffuser Aeration R.C.C

99

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

Clarifier: (Sedimentation Tank) S. No. Description 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13 Number of units Number of Compartment Size of Compartment Material of Construction Maximum discharge Average discharge Surface Area Surface loading Purpose Total Volume Design Discharge Settling Time Removal Mechanism

Details 1 1 0.65x 3 x 2.2 m Rick Masonry 10 cum/hr 5 cum/hr 1.95 m2 7.69 m/m/hrs (at peak discharge) Settlement of Bio-flocs and small suspended particles 4290lit 40000 lit/day 2.07 Hours (avg. discharge) 1.03 Hours (peak. discharge) Pump

Disinfection Tank (Reaction Tank) S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Description Number of units Number of compartment Size of compartment Placement Total Volume Design discharge Detention Time Chemical dosing Material of Construction Removal mechanism/cleaning Details 1 1 0.5 x 0.5 x 1 m Ground 250 lit 40000 litres/day 3 min Sodium Hypochlorite / Chloride Compound Brick Masonry Manual

Sludge Drying Beds S. No. Description Details

1010

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Number of units Number of Compartment Size of Compartment Placement Total volume Design discharge

1 3 1x1x1m Below Ground Level 1000 lit /bed 40000 lit/day 3600 lit /day Storage of Sludge for dewatering through Sludge drying bed RCC

6. 7 8.

Sludge generation Purpose Material of Construction

Activated Carbon Filter S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Description Number of units Number of compartment Size of compartment Placement Total Volume Surface area Design discharge Filtration rate Purpose Material of Construction 1 1 0.35 x 0.8 m (ht.) Above ground 800 lit. 0.096 m2 40000 lit/d ----- m3/m2/hr < 10 m3/m2/hr Removal of flocs/ and fine settle-able particles PVC Details

1111

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

Air compressor (Blower) S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Description Details Number of units RPM Capacity of Motor Placement Purpose Material of Construction 1 -1HP (35 CFM) On top of equalization tank Ground Floor, Gallery Transfer of Effluent to various unit and for back washing of pressure filter CI make

5.2

Provision/Possibility of By-Passing the Sewage

All possibilities of by-passing have been checked and found no possibility of the same. An undertaking, not to by-pass effluent is taken from the owner and is enclosed. Plant operator has been advised to maintain high level of house keeping. Party has also been advised not to resort to any bypassing even at a later stage. 5.3

Disposal of Sludge

The dry sludge collected from sludge drying bed (manually) stored as per norms of hazard Waste Management Rules.

1212

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

6.0

SUMMARY FO TREATMENT PROCESS UNITS AND THEIR ADEQUACY

The treatment process units are summarized and presented in table 2. The table indicates that most of the process units are adequate for the operation of the Sewage treatment plant for the unit as described earlier.
S. No. Process/Equipment Modifications Suggested Capacity (K. litres) Detention Time/other remarks Current Status

1 2. 3 4 5

Screen Chamber Anaerobic Baffled Reactor Anaerobic Filter Aeration Tank Clarifier (Sedimentation Tank)

No No No No No

-13200 6600 6600

0.378 hrs (22.68 min) 0.75 hours 0.75 hours

Adequate Adequate Adequate Adequate Adequate

6 7 8

Disinfection Tank(Reaction Tank) Sludge Drying Bed Activated carbon Filter

No No No

Max. 2.07 hrs Discharge 10 m3/hr Avg. Discharge 5 m3/hr SOR 7.69 m3/m2/d < 40 m3/m2/d 250 3 min 1000 0.096 m2 3600 lit/day ----m3/m2/d < 10 m3/m2/d 35 CFM

Adequate Adequate

Air Blower

No

1HP

Adequate

1313

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

7.0

CHARACTERISTICS OF TREATED EFFLUENT

DPCC lab officers collected Grab sample of treated wastewater on 08/06/2010 from outlet of ETP. The details of results are as under (copy of report No DPCC/Comm/w/13176/481, dated: 09/6/10 is also enclosed).

SL. NO. 1 2 3 4 5

PARAMETERS pH Total suspended solid Oil & Grease BOD 3, 27 Bio-assay test

Outlet of STP 7.6 44 4 23 90%

Note: Unit of all parameters are in mg/l except pH and Bio-assay test (%)

1414

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

8.0

PHOTOGRAPHS OF STP

1515

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

1616

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

9.0

PERFORMA

FOR

ISSUING

ADEQUACY

CERTIFICATE

TOWARDS POLLUTING UNITS


S. No. Description 1 NAME OF UNIT 2 3 4 5 ADDRESS OF UNIT ACTIVITY/PROCESS PRODUCTION CAPACITY MANUFACTURING PROCESS (IN BRIEF) Details

M/s Brahm Shakti Hospita & Research Centre


U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi-110086 Hospital 100 Beds Multi discipline hospital. OPD, Different wards, Operation theatres, Hostel for nurses, Housing for residence doctors, Kitchen, Canteen Jal Board / Ground Water 40000 litres/day 32000 litres/ day Sewer line/Reuse Wastewater is generated during cleaning, washing and for maintenance of hygiene Yes Yes, Unit has already installed STP. Screen Anaerobic Baffled Reactor Anaerobic Filter Aeration Tank Blower Sedimentation Tank (Clarifier) Disinfection Tank (Reaction Tank) Sludge Drying Tank. Activated Carbon Filter

6 i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii)

Source of water Quantity of Water Quantity of Effluent Discharge Place of Sewage Discharge Source of Trade Sewage Whether Sewage Treatment required (except for domestic Sewage) If STP is required, whether unit is having STP Details of STP

ix) x) xi)

Whether Volume of Sewage is measured/ estimated. Whether manufacturing Process/ Characteristics of raw materials have been studied thoroughly Whether Sewage characteristics have

Estimated, Yes Yes

1717

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

xii) xiv) xv)

been checked Whether design aspects have been considered while evaluating the performance of STP Whether any modifications were Suggested to upgrade the existing STP If any modification were suggested

Yes Yes

Yes
1 Naming of Individual Units 2 Partition in Sludge Drying Bed

xvi) xvii)

Whether modification suggested have been carried out by the unit Whether existing STP will be able to give Sewage as per notified Parameters

Yes Yes

1818

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

10.0 CERTIFICATE OF ADEQUACY FOR EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT


The ETP consisting of following units Screen Anaerobic Baffled Reactor Anaerobic Filter Aeration Tank Blower Sedimentation Tank (Clarifier) Disinfection Tank (Reaction Tank) Sludge Drying Tank. Activated Carbon Filter

is installed M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Research Institute, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi86, and is adequate to treat the Effluent at 40000 litres /day being generated by Flocked Fabric Manufacturing Unit provided ETP operate as per operating guidelines, to achieve specified standards as given below: pH Oil & Grease BOD TSS = 5.5 to 9.0 = < 10 mg/I = < 30 mg/I = < 100 mg/I

The standard notified for the Small Scale Industries located in Union Territories The adequacy is applicable with the following conditions: 1. The plant shall be run properly, as per operating guidelines/Operating procedures. 2. Any change in process or estimated load plant & machinery, raw material, process must be informed to DPCC and a new adequacy certificate should be sought.

1919

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

ANNEXURE-I

EFFLUENT TEST REPORT

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

ANNEXURE-II

DRAWING OF ETP

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

FORMATE FOR STP MOINITORING LOG-BOOK: Date Operator Name Volume of one batch Pump Operation Time (for each batch) START STOP Chemical Consumption (mg/day) Sludge Volume Collected Final pH Remarks

Adequacy report for M/s Brahm Shakti Hospital & Reseach Centre, U1/78, Budh Vihar, Delhi -10086

ANNEXURE-III

DATA/INFORMATION AND UNDERTAKING


FROM

Sitaram Bhartia

Institute of Science & Research