You are on page 1of 33

RosettaNet

Asuman Dogac Middle East Technical University Ankara Turkey asuman@srdc.metu.edu.tr

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

RosettaNet
?

Founded in 1998, RosettaNet is an independent, self-funded, non-profit consortium dedicated to the development of
? ?

XML-based standard electronic commerce interfaces to align the processes between supply chain partners on a global basis

The RosettaNet consortium includes IT companies like IBM, Microsoft, EDS, Netscape, Oracle, SAP, Cisco systems, Compaq and Intel http://www.rosettanet.org
Ceng 520 2/33

A. Dogac

Partner-to-Partner Electronic Business Interface


Company A
Company Specific processing SAP ERP

Company B Internet & XML


Company Specific processing Oracle ERP

Translate from Company A system data set to RosettaNet standards


A. Dogac

RosettaNet defines processes and a framework for how data gets passed over the Web and certain handshake criteria

Translate from RosettaNet standards to Company B system data set

Ceng 520

3/33

Where the name RosettaNet comes from?


?

The name Rosetta refers to the crucial breakthrough in the research regarding Egyptian hieroglyphs The name Rosetta is attached to the stone of Rosette This is a compact basalt slab that was found in July 1799 in the Egyptian village Rosette (Raschid), which is located in the western delta of the Nile The Rosetta Stone is a text written by a group of priests in Egypt to honour the Egyptian pharaoh It lists all of the things that the pharaoh has done that are good for the priests and the people of Egypt
Ceng 520 4/33

A. Dogac

Where the name RosettaNet comes from?


? ?

? ? ?

It contains three inscriptions that represent a single text in three different variants of script written in 196 B.C. The text appears in form of ? hieroglyphs (script of the official and religious texts), ? of Demotic (everyday Egyptian script), ? and in Greek Many people worked on deciphering hieroglyphs over several hundred years However, the structure of the script was very difficult to work out The representation of a single text of the three mentioned script variants enabled the French scholar Jean Francois Champollion (1790-1832) in 1822 to basically decipher the hieroglyphs

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

5/33

RosettaNet Framework
? ?

Partner Interface Processes (PIPs) A Master Dictionary


? ?

Business Dictionary Technical Dictionary

A messaging system

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

6/33

RosettaNet Framework
?

Partner Interface Processes (PIPs) ? The sequence of steps required to execute an atomic business process between two supply chain partners ? The activities involved ? The roles of the partners ? The business documents exchanged ? The security, authentication, time-outs of messages exchanged
Ceng 520 7/33

A. Dogac

Some Example PIPs


Cluster: PIP 2A1: PIP 2A2: PIP 2A9: Cluster: PIP 3A2: PIP 3A3: PIP 3A4: PIP 3A6: PIP 3A7: PIP 3B2: PIP 3B4: Cluster: PIP 4B1: Cluster: PIP 5C1: PIP 5C2: PIP 5C3: Product Information Distribute New Product Information Query Product Information Query EC Technical Information Order Management Request Price and Availability Transfer Shopping Cart Manage Purchase Order Distribute Order Status Notify of Purchase Order Acceptance Notify of Advance Shipment Query Shipment Status Inventory Management Allocate Inventory Marketing Information Management Distribute Product List Request Design Registration Request Design Win
Ceng 520

A. Dogac

8/33

RosettaNet PIPs
?

More than 100 PIPs grouped into clusters and then to segments For example, Cluster 3 is Order Management and Segment 3A in this cluster is about Quote and Order Entry As an example of the PIPs in this segment PIP3A4: Manage Purchase Order

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

9/33

PIP 3A4: Manage Purchase Order


?

Buyer creates a Purchase Order and sends it to the Seller Seller receives the Purchase Order and returns a Purchase Order Acceptance The Buyer determines success or failure based on message content

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

10/33

RosettaNet Business Process Flow Diagram for PIP3A4

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

11/33

RosettaNet Business Dictionary


?

Contains information about the trading partners like


? ? ?

Business Properties (e.g. business address), Business Data Entities (like ActionIdentity), and Fundemental Business Data Entities (e.g. BusinessTaxIdentifier, AccountNumber)

There is only one business dictionary that encompasses all supply chains like Electronic Components (EC), Information Technology (IT), etc.
Ceng 520 12/33

A. Dogac

RosettaNet Technical Dictionary and PIPs


? ?

Provide properties for describing products and services The RosettaNet framework enables supply chain business partners to execute interoperable electronic business (e-business) processes by developing and maintaining PIP implementation guidelines RosettaNet distributes PIPs to the trading partners, who use these guidelines as a road map to develop their own software applications PIPs include all business logic, message flow, and message contents to enable alignment of two processes
Ceng 520 13/33

A. Dogac

Doing Business through RosettaNet


?

? ?

In order to do electronic business within the RosettaNet framework, there are a number of steps the partners have to go through First, the supply chain partners come together and analyze their common inter-company business scenarios (i.e., public processes), that is, how they interact to do business with each other, which documents they exchange and in what sequence These inter-company processes are in fact, the as-is scenarios of their way of doing business with each other Then they re-engineer these processes to define the electronic processes to be implemented within the scope of the RosettaNet Framework

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

14/33

Doing Business through RosettaNet


An electronic business process includes both the interactions between partner companies, and the private processes within the company ? RosettaNet provides guidelines only for PIPs which are the public part of the inter-company processes
?

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

15/33

Business Processes
Customer
Private process A (Company -specific) Process PO Receive PO
Request

Supplier
Public process (Standard) Send PO Supplier
Receive PO

Public process (Standard) Send PO Customer


Send PO

Private process B (Company -specific) Process Sales Order


Receive PO

P O
Figure provided by Vitria Systems

Select Supplier Generate RFQ Send RFQ Select RFQ Response Send PO

Check Customer

CRM
Receive PO Acknowledge Send PO Acknowledge Check Credit Check Availability Receive PO Response Send PO Response Create Sales Order Send PO Response

SCM

Close A. Dogac

Send PO Response Acknowledge

Receive PO Response Acknowledge

Close

ERP
16/33

Ceng 520

E-Business Exchange
Telephone Telephone Business Process Business Process Ecom Application eBusiness Process

RosettaNet

DIALOG Dialog
Grammar Words Alphabet Sound
human-to-human business exchange
A. Dogac Ceng 520

PIP
Framework Dictionary XML Internet
Partner-to-Partner eBusiness exchange

17/33

Necessary to differentiate:
?

Public Business Processes: The process among the trading partners RosettaNet defines and fixes Public Business Processes in terms of PIPs Private Business Processes: The business processes internal to the company

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

18/33

An Example Public Business Process


Request Price and Availability 1 PIP 3A2 Request Purchase Order PIP 3A4
3 2

Notify of Invoice PIP 3C3


6

Notify of Shipment Receipt PIP 4B2 Notify of Billing PIP3C5

Transportation Request PIP3B1

Notify of Shipment Status PIP3B3

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

19/33

An Example
?

Consider, for example, a scenario where a buyer requests the price and availability of some products from a seller (PIP3A2) After receiving the response, the buyer initiates a Purchase Order Request (PIP3A4) The seller, on the other hand, after acknowledging the Purchase Order Request, sends an invoice notification (PIP3C3) to the buyer The seller sends a transportation request (PIP3B1) to the shipper (There is a third party in this scenario, which is a shipper)
Ceng 520 20/33

A. Dogac

An Example
?

The shipper, after shipment of the goods, sends the status of the shipment (PIP3B3) When buyer receives the shipment, it sends a shipment receipt notification (PIP4B2) to the seller. Finally, the seller prepares a billing statement and notifies the buyer (PIP3C5)

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

21/33

Product Categorization and Classification in RosettaNet


? ?

Product categorization and classification in RosettaNet is achieved through RosettaNet Technical Dictionary (RTD) The RTD specifies classes of products with their properties in XML DTD That is, associated with a product type, there is a collection of predefined XML tags Each product class also has a corresponding Universal Standard Products and Services Classification (UNSPSC) code, basically used to differentiate the products in the catalogs that do not fall into IT domain

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

22/33

Global Trade Item Number (GTIN)


?

In RosettaNet, PIPs use Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) to identify products In contrast to the product numbering that has been traditionally used within the Electronic Components supply chain, GTINs do not contain embedded information to describe products Traditional product numbers are split into segments, each representing specific product characteristics RosettaNet, on the other hand, in order to streamline the information exchange throughout the supply chain, defines GTINs to be used by PIPs to identify products In this way proprietary manufacturer and customer product numbers are avoided
Ceng 520 23/33

A. Dogac

Global Trade Item Number (GTIN)


?

? ?

In RosettaNet product information details can be obtained by querying a supply chain partner's catalog by using the standard tags through PIP2A5/EC Query Technical Information to return one or more GTINs along with product data Hence RTD is used in associating the product data with GTINs To implement the Technical Dictionary, an organization must categorize all saleable products according to the product classes and class properties specified in the Technical Dictionary

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

24/33

RosettaNet Messaging Structure


?

Execution of PIPs involves exchanging messages between the parties, and RosettaNet provides a Business Message structure for this purpose RosettaNet business messages (also termed as action or service messages) consist of a message header and a message body Both the header and the body are complete, valid XML documents The header and the body are encoded within a multipart/Related MIME message

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

25/33

RosettaNet Messaging
? ?

The message content is specified in individual PIPs Each PIP has one or more "actions" that are described by means of an individual DTD or schema RosettaNet Implementation Framework (RNIF) specifies and provides for a consistent mechanism to digitally sign and/or encrypt all RosettaNet messages (as needed), independent of the transfer protocol, PIP and the specific business document being exchanged It also specifies a reliable messaging mechanism based on "Acknowledgements"

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

26/33

RosettaNet Transport
?

The PIP business message is encapsulated into a RosettaNet protocol message termed as "RosettaNet Object The RosettaNet Object is composed of
? ? ?

a version and content length header, content comprising a business action message, and a digital signature length followed by a digital signature trailer

"RosettaNet Object is encapsulated into a message of HTTP protocol and send as a as a direct HTTP message

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

27/33

RosettaNet Implementation Successes


Partners Arrow & Carrier Bourns & TTI Compaq & Delta
(Taiwan)

Implementation
Up and running in six weeks Implemented PIP 3A2 in two weeks

Results
Reduced a 5-day batched delivery cycle to overnight; results in inventory reduction, improved customer satisfaction New process converted access to inventory information from a weeks delay to real-time data; improved customer service Reduced the order processing lead time to several minutes; enabled Compaq to receive the P.O. acknowledgement immediately and allowed departments involved in the process to receive related information in real time Automated process reduced the cycle time for order processing between the companies

Implemented PIP 3A4 and PIP 3A7

Intel & WPI


(Taiwan)

Implemented PIP 3A4 and PIP 3A7

Samsung & A. Dogac Sony

First implementation Expected to shorten lead time between Korea- and 520 Ceng Japan-based partners

28/33

RosettaNet Partners
Trade Associations Standard Bodies Government Agencies

Solution Providers

Supply Chain Companies

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

29/33

Information Technology (IT) Supply Chain Board


3Com Arrow Electronics Avnet Cisco Systems Compaq CompUSA Dell Federal Express GSA
A. Dogac

Hewlett-Packard IBM Ingram Insight Intel Lucent Technologies NEC Netscape Office Depot
Ceng 520

Pioneer Quantum SAP Siemens Solectron Tech Data Trilogy UPS

30/33

Electronic Components (EC) Supply Chain Board


Agilent Altera Arrow Electronics Avnet AVX Bourns Cisco Systems FCI Future Electronics Hitachi IBM Intel Kemet Lucent Technologies Memec Micron Technology Molex Motorola National Nokia NEC Philips Semiconductors Pioneer Samsung Solectron Sony STMicroelectronics Texas Instruments Toshiba Tyco Electronics Xilinx

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

31/33

Semiconductor Manufacturing (SM) Supply Chain Board


Air Products & Chemicals Agilent Technologies Amkor Technology Applied Materials ASE Chartered Semiconductor Intel JSR LSI Lucent Technologies
A. Dogac

Micron Technology Motorola National Semiconductor NEC Philips Semiconductors Samsung Electronics Shin-Etsu Handoutai Shinko Electronics SPIL Sumitomo Bakelite
Ceng 520

Sumitomo Metal Texas Instruments TOK Tokyo Electron Toppan Toshiba TSMC UMC Winbond Xilinx

32/33

Thank you very much for your attention!

A. Dogac

Ceng 520

33/33