You are on page 1of 19

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia Authors: YueHou,AlexanderHolleis,WernerHofegger,AVLListGmbH JanePatterson,RicardoUKLimited This report is a deliverable from the Project EAGAR, European Assessment of Global Publicly

Global Publicly Funded Automotive Research, Targets and Approaches, supported by the Seventh Framework Programme. ProjectNumber:218529 Duration:September2008untilOctober2010. EAGARPartnerOrganisations: AVLLISTGmbH,AUSTRIA RHEINISCHWESTFAELISCHETECHNISCHEHOCHSCHULEAACHEN,GERMANY RICARDOUKLIMITED,UNITEDKINGDOM FRAUNHOFERGESELLSCHAFTZURFOERDERUNGDERANGEWANDTENFORSCHUNGE.V, GERMANY IFPINSTITUTFRANCAISDUPETROLE,FRANCE IDIADAAUTOMOTIVETECHNOLOGYSA,SPAIN NEDERLANDSEORGANISATIEVOORTOEGEPASTNATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJKONDERZOEK TNO,NETHERLANDS Website:www.eagar.eu Graz,Delft,April2010

1/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia

TABLEOFCONTENTS
1
1.1 1.2 1.3

INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................3
Background........................................................................................................................ 3 Objectives .......................................................................................................................... 3 Methodologies................................................................................................................... 3

DESCRIPTIONOFTHEMAINWPRESULTS....................................................................4

2.1GeneralInformationandAutomotiveData .............................................................................. 4 2.2NationalFundingOrganisationsandHierarchiesforAutomotiveResearch .............................. 5 2.3AutomotiveVisionsandStrategicResearchAgendas ............................................................... 8 2.4FundingProgrammes............................................................................................................. 10 2.5Theefficiency,flexibility,andexperiencedbureaucracyofthefundingprocess ..................... 13

3 4 5

DISCUSSIONANDCONCLUSION ................................................................................14 REFERENCES..............................................................................................................15 ANNEX ......................................................................................................................16

2/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia

1 Introduction
1.1 Background
The FP7 project EAGAR benchmarks the current public automotive vehicle research activities at international level, in particular the European Union with Brazil, Canada, China, India, Japan, Malaysia, Russia, South Korea, the United States and 13 EU Member States. EAGAR identifies the nationalroadtransportvisionsandroadmaps,researchpriorities,supportedkeytopics,technology pathway,aswellasthelevelofinvestment.Thisenablesadirectcomparisonofnationalautomotive R&Dpoliciesrelatingtotheenvironment,safetyandcongestion.TheEAGARstudyprovidesakey perspective on global investments designed to improve automotive vehicle technologies for a greener,saferandsmarterroadtransportsystem.

1.2

Objectives

ThisreportsummarisesthesituationoftheRTDfundingsysteminIndiawithrespecttopublished visionstatements,researchtargetsandroadmaps,thenationalfundingprogrammesofthepast4 years. And the report is basis for the subsequent benchmarking analysis, which delivers the key resultsofEAGARaddressingthefollowingissues: Overviewofnationalroadtransportvisions,researchagendasandroadmaps Comparison of automotive research priorities and investments focused on vehicle tech nologies,namelypassengercars,commercialvehiclesandmotorisedtwowheelers. Characteristicsofnationalautomotiveresearchfundingsystemsandapproaches PotentialinternationalcooperationareasfromaEuropeanperspective ThisstudybenefitsthecompetitivenessofEuropeandenablesthestakeholderstoadjustitsvisions &plansforthefuture.Dateofpublication:September2010.ItisavailablefromtheEAGARwebsite WWW.EAGAR.EU

1.3

Methodologies

Thiscountry reportisbasedoncomprehensiveinvestigationsviadeskresearch,informationfrom theresponsibleprogrammemanagersandindividualfeedbackfromexperiencedprojectmanagers and researchers. The methodology used was developed in the first months of the project. It is consistent for all target countries. The data collection was mainly done from May to November 2009.Thefourmaincategoriesare: Generalandautomotivedataaboutthecountry Publishedchallenges,visions,targetsforautomotiveresearch Fundingorganisationsandhierarchiesforautomotiveresearch Nationalpublicfundingprogrammeswithdedicatedcallsorpermanentlyopenbetweenin theyears2006to2009. Disclaimer:Thisdocumentpresentsquantitativeandqualitativedatafromvarioussources.Dueto thecomplexityoftheprojectandthelargeamountofsourcesofdata,regularlychangingduringthe duration of the project, it was not possible to thoroughly validate all details. The EAGAR project partnerscannotguaranteethatthedatapresentediseithercompleteorcorrect.Thevalueofsome of these data is mainly explorative, as a first step in an indicators development process. In conclusion,thedataprovidedheremaybedifficulttointerpret,arenotexhaustiveandmayneed furtherdevelopment.Commentsbystakeholdersonthecoverage,relevanceandinterpretationof the indicators provided, as well as observations on new indicators that could be employed to improvetheanalysisofpubliclyfundedautomotiveresearcharewelcomedbytheEAGARproject consortium. Any quotation of the data in this document should make reference to the above disclaimer. The EAGAR project partners and EC accept no liability for any issues that arise from actionsthatmaybetakenasaresultofreadingthisreport.

3/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia

2 DescriptionofthemainWPresults

2.1GeneralInformationandAutomotiveData
India is located in southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, betweenBurmaandPakistan.Indiaistheworlds7thlargestcountry,coveringanareaof3,287,263 sq km, including land area of 2,973,193 sq km and water area 314,070 sq km. India has the 2nd largestpopulationoftheworld,1,166,079,217people(July2009).Theurbanpopulationis29%of thetotalpopulation(2008).ThetotalGDP(PPP)estimatedfor2009is3.548trillionUSdollars[1].

The role and importance of road transport in India and significance of domestic automotiveindustry
TodayIndiaistheworldslargestmanufactureroftractors,thesecondlargestmanufactureroftwo wheelers and fifth largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles. India also has the fourth largest passenger car market in Asia. The number of passenger cars per thousand inhabitants is 8 (estimatedin2008)[2],with7.8millionsalesornewregistered2wheelers,1.5millionsalesornew registeredpassengercarsandnearlyhalfamillioncommercialvehiclesannuallyfor200809[3]. Theautomotiveindustryisonthefasttrack,andithasalreadyattainedaturnoverof202,000crore (crore=10milion,commonunitusedforIndiancurrency)Rupee(abbreviatedinRs.),andprovides direct and indirect employment to over 13.1 million people. The industry contributes 17% to the totalindirecttaxesoftheGovernment[4].(1Rupee=0.0154Euro,200809) Furthermore, the 20062016 Automobile Mission Plan set out the goal to establish India as the destination of choice in the world for design and manufacture of automobiles and auto components.ThePlantargetistoreachoutputlevelsofUSD145billion,whichwouldaccountfor more than 10% of the national GDP and provide additional employment to 25 million people by 2016[5]. Tata Motors Limited is India's largest automobile company, with consolidated revenues of Rs.70,938.85 crores (1Rs = 0.0154 Euro) in 200809. The company is the world's fourth largest truck manufacturer, and the world's second largest bus manufacturer. Tata Motors has also emerged as an international automobile company, through subsidiaries and associate companies operated in the UK, South Korea, Thailand and Spain. Among them, Jaguar and Land Rover, two [1]WorldFactBook,2009 [2]E&T,2008 [3]SIAM,2009 [4]DHI,2009 [5]DHI,2006 4/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia iconicBritishbrands,wereacquiredin2008.TheTataNano,pricedatRs.100,000(excludingVAT andtransportationcost),waslaunchedinIndiain2009.[6] BesideslocalOEMslikeTATAMotorsLtd,MahindraGroups,AshokLeylandLtdandBajajAutoLtd, therearemanyJointVentureswithforeignOEMs,likeBMWIndiaPvtLtd,CumminsIndiaLtd,Ford IndiaPvtLtd,HyundaimotorIndia,etc.

Nationalspendingand fundingfor researchandtechnologicaldevelopment (generalvs. automotivesector)


IndianautomobilecompaniesstillspendarelativelylowamountonR&Dasapercentageofsales. Most of their efforts are directed towards value engineering, or tweaking existing models to improveperformance.Developingnewmodelsisexpensive.Larger,globalcompaniescanabsorb the costs at lower risk. Indian firms are becoming more ambitious, realising they should be developing new models too. Most of the twowheeler companies have obtained their basic R&D from their global partners, with whom they have or had technical collaboration, and then customizedmodelsforlocalcustomers. In January 2007, the Indian government announced plans to double the country's R&D spending over the next five years, from 1% to 2% of GDP. It follows the previous year's 16% increase in India'sscienceandtechnologybudget[7]. OverseasinvestmentsinIndiahavemorethandoubledinthepastfiveyears,with25%ofForeign Direct Investement directed to R&D. A research scientist in India costs around a third of one in EuropeandtheIndiangovernmentisencouraginginternationalcollaboration.Thereareover300 Universitiesand45,000Collegesofvarioustypesinthecountryandmanyarereportedtobeofa standardtoprovidequalityR&Dservices.

2.2NationalFundingOrganisationsandHierarchiesforAutomotiveResearch

Thestructureandgovernanceofthenationalfundingsystem
The structure is rather centralised. Most programmes are promoted and controlled by one governmentorganizationordepartment.AhierarchicalstructureofthefundingsysteminIndiais providedinthediagrambelow[8]:

[6]Tata,2009 [7]IndianR&D,2008 [8]GOI,2009 5/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia

Fundingorganisationsandkeyplayers
Thekeyplayersofthefundingorganisationarelistedbelow: The Ministry of Heavy Industry & Public Enterprises comprises of the Department of Heavy IndustriesandtheDepartmentofPublicEnterprises. The Department of Heavy Industries (http://www.dhi.nic.in) administers 48 Central Public Sector Enterprises and assists them in their effort to improve capacity utilisation and increase profitability. It also generates resources and reorients strategies to help Indian industry become morecompetitive. TheDepartmentofPublicEnterprisesservesasaninterfacebetweenPublicSectorEnterprises andotheragenciesforlongtermpolicyformulationandencouragesrestructuringofPublicSector Enterprisestomaketheiroperationscompetitiveandviableonalongtermandsustainablebasis. The Ministry of Science and Technology comprises of the Department of BioTechnology, the Department of Science and Technology, the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, and the Technology Information, Forecasting and AssessmentCouncil. TheDepartmentofScientific&IndustrialResearch(DSIR)(http://www.dsir.gov.in)promotes industry lead R&D and supports a large cross section of small and medium industrial units. DSIR encourages the development of stateofthe art, globally competitive, technologies with high commercial potential and acts to catalyse faster transition from labscale R&D to commercial products.DSIRseekstoincreasetheshareoftechnologyintensiveexportsinIndiasoverallexport market; to strengthen industrial consultancy and technology management capabilities, and to establish user friendly information network for facilitating scientific and industrial research in the country. It also provides a link between scientific laboratories and industrial establishments for

6/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia technologytransferthroughtheNationalResearchDevelopmentCorporation(NRDC)andfacilitates investmentinR&DthroughCentralElectronicsLimited(CEL). TheDepartmentofScienceandTechnology(DST)(http://dst.gov.in)playsapivotalroleinthe promotion of science and technology in the country. The departments activities range from promoting highend basic research and development of cutting edge technologies, to developing theskillsofthepeopledeliverythesetechnologies. The Technology Information, Forecasting & Assessment Council (TIFAC) (http://www.tifac.org.in) is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Science and Technology.Itwasestablishedwiththefollowingobjectives:undertaketechnologyassessmentand forecastingstudiesinselectedareasofnationaleconomy,watchglobaltrendsandformulationof preferred options for India, promotion of key technologies, and provide information on technologies. The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) (http://www.csir.res.in) is an autonomousbodyregisteredundertheRegistrationofSocietiesActof1860.CSIRaimstoprovide industrialcompetitiveness,socialwelfare,astrongscienceandtechnologybaseforstrategicsectors and advancement of fundamental knowledge. It aims to provide scientific industrial R&D that maximisestheeconomic,environmentalandsocietalbenefitsforthepeopleofIndia. The Science and Engineering Research Council (http://www.sercdst.org) was established in 1974 andisanapexbodythroughwhichtheDepartmentofScienceandTechnology(DST),Government of India promotes R&D programmes in newly emerging and challenging areas of science and engineering. SERC is composed of eminent scientists and technologists drawn from various universities, national laboratories and industry. This Council is assisted by Programme Advisory Committees(PACs)invariousdisciplinesofScience&Engineering. MinistryofRoadTransport&Highways(MoRT&H)(http://morth.nic.in) An apex organisation under the Central Government, MoRT&H is entrusted with the task of formulating and administering (in consultation with other Central Ministries/Departments, State Governments/UT Administrations, organisations and individuals) policies for Road Transport, NationalHighwaysandTransportResearchwithaviewtoincreasingthemobilityandefficiencyof theroadtransportsysteminthecountry. MinistryofNewandRenewableEnergy(http://mnes.nic.in/) The aim of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is to develop new and renewable energy technologies,processes,materials,components,subsystems,productsandservices.Theseshould be on a par with international specifications, standards and performance parameters in order to make the country a net foreign exchange earner in the sector and to deploy such indigenously developedand/ormanufacturedproductsandservicesinfurtheranceofthenationalgoalofenergy security. The chart below shows the number of programme calls per funding organisation. It should be notedthatafewprogrammesarefundedbymorethanoneorganisation.

7/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia

OtherorganizationswithinfluenceonautomotiveRTDactivitiesinIndiaare: SocietyforIndianAutomobileManufacturers(SIAM) SIAM is the apex Industry body representing more than 40 leading vehicle and vehicular engine manufacturers in India, for instance, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Tata Motors Ltd, BMW India Pvt Ltd, etc. SIAM is an important channel of communication for the Automobile Industry with the Government, National and International organisations. The Society works closely within all the concerned stake holders and actively participates in formulation of rules, regulations and policies relatedtotheAutomobileIndustry. AutomotiveComponentsmanufacturersAssociationofIndia(ACMA) ACMAisthenodalagencyfortheIndianAutoComponentIndustry.Itsactiveinvolvementintrade promotion, technology upgradation, quality enhancement and collection and dissemination of informationhasmadeitavitalcatalystforthisindustry'sdevelopment.ACMAisrepresentedona numberofpanels,committeesandcouncilsofthe Government ofIndiathroughwhichit helpsin theformulationofpoliciespertainingtotheIndianautomotiveindustry.ACMArepresentsover558 companies. AutomotiveResearchAssociationofIndia(ARAI) ARAI has been playing a crucial role in assuring safe, less polluting and more efficient vehicles. It provides technical expertise in R&D, testing, certification, homologation and framing of vehicle regulations. ARAI is a cooperative industrial research association established by the automotive industrywiththeMinistryofIndustriesofIndia.

2.3AutomotiveVisionsandStrategicResearchAgendas

Significantchallengesforthenationalroadtransportsector.
ThesignificantchallengesforIndiaarecompetitiveness,mobilityandclimatechange. Competitiveness ThefuturechallengesfortheIndianautomobileindustryare: Todevelopasupplybasewithemphasisonlowercostsandeconomiesofscale Todevelopthetechnicalskillsoftheworkforce Toovercomeinfrastructurebottlenecks Tostimulatedomesticdemand Toexploitexportandinternationalbusinessopportunities 8/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia ThiswillleadtoimprovingIndiascompetitivenessinmanufacturing.Systemicdeficienciescouldbe overcomethroughalongtermandstablepolicyregimethatwillsupport theindustrytofulfilits potential. Mobility ManyofIndiasroadsarefrequentlycongestedandareofpoorquality.Lanecapacityislowmost nationalhighwaysaretwolanesorless.AquarterofallIndia'shighwaysarecongested,reducing truckandbusspeedsto3040km/h.Roadmaintenanceremainssignificantlyunderfundedonly onethird of maintenance needs are met. This leads to the deterioration of roads and high transportcostsforusers. Rural areas have poor access. Road networks are significant for the development of rural areas, hometoalmost70%ofIndia'spopulation.Althoughtheruralroadnetworkisextensive,some40% ofIndiasvillagesdonothaveaccesstoallweatherroadsandremaincutoffduringthemonsoon season.TheproblemismoreacuteinIndia'snorthernandnortheasternstates,whicharepoorly linkedtothecountrysmajoreconomiccentres. Indiasurbancentresareseverelycongested.InMumbaiandothermetropolitanareas,roadsare often severely congested during the rush hours. The dramatic growth in vehicle ownership (15% peryear)hasreducedrushhourspeedsto510km/hinthecentralareasofmajorcities. ClimateChange India is faced with the challenge of sustaining its rapid economic growth while dealing with the globalthreatofclimatechange.Thisthreatemanatesfromaccumulatedgreenhousegasemissions intheatmosphere,anthropogenicallygeneratedthroughlongtermandintensiveindustrialgrowth andhighconsumptionlifestylesindevelopedcountries. AnExpertCommitteeonImpactofClimateChangesetupbytheMinistryofEnvironment&Forests in June 2007 assessed the impact of climate change on six areas, namely water resources, agriculture,NaturalEcosystem,Health,CoastalZoneManagementandClimatemodelling.

Visions&focusedtargetsforroadtransport
Autopolicy 2002, announced by the Society for Indian Automobile Manufacturers, sought to establishagloballycompetitiveautomotiveindustryinIndiaandtodoubleitscontributiontothe economyby2010. TheAutomotiveMissionPlan2016isforIndiatoemergeasthedestinationofchoiceintheworld for design and manufacture of automobiles and auto components with output reaching a level equivalent to more than 10% of the national GDP and providing additional employment to 25 millionpeopleby2016. The National Action Plan on Climate Change was released in June 2008. It outlines the national strategyformeetingthechallengeofclimatechange. TheTechnologyVision2020providesdirectionsfornationalinitiativesinScience&Technologyand providesastrongbasisforapolicyframeworknotonlyforinvestmentbutalsoforthedevelopment ofanintegratedscienceandtechnologypolicybothatthestate(s)andnationallevels. AnoutlineofIndiasmaintargetsfortheautomotivesectorisprovidedinthetablebelow:

9/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia
Target Emission Regulations Descriptionincludingaddressedresearchthemesand technologies EnvironmentconcernsledtoIndianarrowingthegap Pollution&Noise withEuropeanstandardsatarapidpace Alternativefuels,suchashydrogenandbiofuels,need tobepromotedtoensurethelongtermsustainability FuelEfficiency& oftheindustry. GreenHouseGas Biofuel:20%ethanolandbiodieselintransportation Emission fuelby2017; 20%vehicleuseofHythaneby2020.[9] Competitiveness Promoteagloballycompetitiveindustry,emergeasa globalsourceforautocomponentsandimprove manufacturing Tofacethemobilitychallenges:NationalHighway DevelopmentProject,RuralRoadsProgram,State RoadsProjects,MumbaiUrbanTransportProject Propulsiontechnologyforuseofhybridvehicles, biofuelsandalternateenergy FuturisticBusBodyDesignwithemphasisonenergy conservationandecofriendlymaterial Developmentofappropriatetransmissionsystems suitableforurbandrivingcondition Planforfueleconomystandardsforvehicles announced;tobefullyoperationalintwoyears Corresponding Challenge DueYear 2010& later 2017 2020

AlternativeFuels

Improve automotive industry competitiveness Overcomeroad infrastructural bottlenecks Alternative propulsion Busbodydesign Transmission FuelEfficiency Standards Recyclingof vehicles

2020

Mobility FuelEfficiency& GreenHouseGas Emission Pollution&Noise Mobility FuelEfficiency& GreenHouseGas Emission

2012

2012 2012 2012 2011

By2020recoverablematerialswillbeannually1.5Mio Pollution&Noise tsteel,180000taluminium,75000trubber,75000t plastics[10].

2020

2.4FundingProgrammes

Thelinkbetweenvision&targetsandfundingallocation
In general the stated targets are matched with funding programmes. For instance, the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRiP), the largest and one of the most significantinitiativesinAutomotivesectorsofar,representsauniquejoiningofhandsbetweenthe GovernmentofIndia,anumberofStateGovernmentsandIndianAutomotiveIndustrytocreatea state of the art Testing, Validation and R&D infrastructure in the country. It is linked to Create stateoftheart research and testing infrastructure to drive India into the future of global automotiveexcellence,whichaimstoraisethecompetitivnessoftheIndianautomotiveindustry.

FundingprogrammesandstatesofRTDaswellasdifferenttypesofinstruments
[9]GreenCarCongress,2008 [10]GovernmentIndia,2008 10/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia FortheIndianfundingprogrammesforautomotiveRTD,mostofthemaregovernedandpromoted bytheTechnologyInformation,Forecasting& AssessmentCouncil (TIFAC)andtheDepartmentof Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR). Both of these organises belong to the Ministry of Science andTechnology. This study identified ten RTD funding programmes in India, between 2006 and 2009, which are relevant for the automotive sector. These RTD programmes covered a board crosssection of challenge categories, as illustrated in the chart below. It should be noted that a programme call couldberelevantformorethanonechallengecategory.

Most programmes were made for collaborative initiatives, or at least for both collaborative and singlepartnerships,andthecallwindowswerepermanentlyopen. Many programmes were aimed at the precompetitive development and industrialisation & commercialisationstagesofresearch(seechartbelow).Fundamentalresearchismainlyconducted byuniversitiesandresearchandtechnologyorganisations(RTOs).

Unfortunatelyitwasdifficulttoobtaindetailedinformationaboutthespecificprogrammessuchas call frequency, flexibility, duration, investments, and the openness of the programmes to foreign organisations. For the funding programmes budget information, the data is only available from several programmes,asformostoftheprogrammes,nobudgetinformationisindicated.Andamongthe 11/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia collectedbudgetinformationduringthisstudy,7,000millionRupeesaredireclyrelatedtoEAGAR projects,butwithoutanyyearspecified.

OverviewoftechnologyspecificprogrammesforautomotiveRTD
Anoverviewofthenumbersofprogrammecallsperautomotivetechnologycategorybetween2006 and2009ispresentedbelow.Analysedcallswerecategorisedusingtheresearchtopicsrelevantfor EAGAR. These topics were predefined by the EAGAR project partners. It should be noted that a programmecallmayberelevanttomorethanonetechnologytopiccategory.Programmecallsthat arenottechnologyspecific,andthereforeopentoanytechnologycategory,havebeenclassifiedas alloptionsselected.

Technologytopicssuchasalternativepropulsionsystemswithhybridpowertrain&electrification, advancedconventionalandalternativefuels,energystorage,andmaterialstechnologyarethemost popularones. Formoreinformation,seeSection5Annex,forthelistofprogrammecallsanalysedinthisstudy. 12/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia

2.5Theefficiency,flexibility,andexperiencedbureaucracyofthefundingprocess
As mentioned above, it was difficult to obtain information about the programme call frequency, flexibility,durationandotherdetails. TheIndianGovernmentconsiderstheautomotiveindustryasanimportantelementoftherapidly developing economy. Therefore the future flexibility to release new programmes in response to changingsituationsislikelytoberelativelygood. Less information is available to describe the application process of the funding program and the implementationmethod. Onlyforsome certainfundingprogramm,like theTechnopreneursPromotionProgramme (TePP), thereisaspecifiedprocessforapplicantstoprovidefeedback:Itisrequiredthatannualreportsof theprogressoftechnicalandphysicalworkcontentoftheprojectaswellasStatementsofAccounts duly audited by a Chartered Accountant, should be sent to the DSIR annually. Also the audited annualstatementsofaccountsoftheprojectalongwithutilizationcertificatehavetobeprovided. [11]

Transparency&openness
Programme information on topics and targets for completed, ongoing and new projects are available,buttheresultsoftheprojectsarenotpublished.Mostoftheinformationcollectedinthis reportwasfromdeskresearchofpublicdomaindata,suchasorganisationwebsites. Theexistanceofanindependentreviewpanelforeachprogrammeofprojectsisnotknown.

Foreigncollaboration
Two programme calls were identified that were open for international collaboration; the NATRIP providesbusinessopportunitiesforforeigncompaniestoestablishtherequiredinfrastructure,and the International Technology Transfer Programme (ITTP) promoting transfer of technologies, projects and services from India with a view to enhance the reach of Indian industry beyond the nationalboundariesaswellaspromotingtransferoftechnologiesfromothercountriestoIndiawith aviewtoenhancethetechnologyexportcapabilityofIndianindustry.Theothereightcallswere notspecifiedforforeigncollaboration.

[11]DSIR,2009 13/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia

3 DiscussionandConclusion
The data about publicly funded automotive R&Ds in India as presented in this report was mainly collected from online research and local contacts. Further information required to reach a more detailedreport,forinstance,theprogram/projectbudgets,theprogramrunningdetails,islimited. AndthisisthemainuncertaintyofthefindingsforIndia. However,thedeskresearchstillleadstoageneralviewoftheIndiaR&DpolicyandR&Dprograms where statistical data or specific information is missing. And the available information on the considered programs does allow an analysis of the India policy, identifying trends as well as benchmarkingwithothereconomiesandprovideaglobalpictureoftheR&DpolicyinIndia. InordertoachievethesignificantchallengesforIndiaautomotiveindustryastoraisetheworldwide competitiveness, increase the mobility and face the climate change, the India government has announced several national plans, like The Automotive Mission Plan 2016, set specified targets andimplementatedrelatedRTDprograms. Total ten national funding programs have been identified and analysed. The funding structure is rathercentralisedasmostofthemarepromotedandcontrolledbyonegovernmentorganizationor department.Theyfocusmostlyonpowertrainresearchandenergystorageforfuturevehiclessuch as hybrids and fuel cells, and also stress the improvement either for product and process developmentorformanufacturinginordertoraisethecompetitiveness.Mostoftheprogramsare general,longtermandpermanentlyopenwhichincludeabroadpossibilityofrelatedtopics.

14/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia

4 References
[1] CentralIntelligenceAgency,TheWorldFactBook,December2009 (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/theworldfactbook/geos/IN.htm)

[2] E&TMagazine,India(http://kn.theiet.org/magazine/issues/0801/india.cfm),Publishedon 11June2008 [3] SIAM,AutomobileDomesticSalesTrends,(http://www.siamindia.com/scripts/domestic salestrend.aspx),India,2009 [4] MinistryofHeavyIndustriesandPublicEnterprises,AnnualReport200809, (http://dhi.nic.in/dhi0809eng.pdf),India,2009 [5] MinistryofHeavyIndustriesandPublicEnterprises,AutomotiveMissionPlan20062016, (www.dhi.nic.in/Final_AMP_Report.pdf),India,2006 [6] TataMotorsWebpage,CompanyProfile,2009 (http://www.tatamotors.com/our_world/profile.php),India [7] GunterFestel,InvestinginIndianR&D, (http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb5255/is_2/ai_n29410368/?tag=content;col1), 2008 [8] GOIDirectoryWebpage,(http://goidirectory.nic.in/exe.htm),2009 [9] GreenCarCongress,(http://www.greencarcongress.com/2008/09/indiasets targ.html#comments),2008 [10] GovernmentofIndia,NationalActionPlanonClimateChange,(http://pmindia.nic.in/Pg01 52.pdf) [11] DepartmentofScientific&IndustrialResearch,Terms&ConditionsforTePPProjectFund, (http://www.dsir.gov.in/forms/tepp/tpf_tnc_0910.pdf),2009

15/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia

5 Annex

Overall programme initiative name Programmecall name Programmecalldescription Funding organisation Callend date Mainpointof reference

National Automotive Testingand R&D Infrastructure Project

NATRIP

NATRiPaimstosetupof7stateofthe artautomotivetestingandR&Dcentres acrossthecountryandthereby: i.Createcoreglobalcompetencies; ii.Enhancecompetitiveskillsfor productdevelopmentleadingto deepeningofmanufacturing; iii.SynergizeIndianuniquecapabilities ininformationtechnologywiththe automotivesector; iv.Facilitateseamlessintegrationof Indianautomotiveindustrywiththe worldtoputIndiastronglyontheglobal automotivemap. Thevisionistoenhanceenergy security,environmentalquality,and economicgrowthandestablisha globallycompetitivetransportation industryinIndia.Consultationswere heldwithautomobilemanufacturers, Componentmanufacturers,senior academicsandgovernment departments.Representationsfrom otherindustrysegmentsareinvitedfor CARmeetings. In2006TIFACinitiatedthisprogramme aimingatprovidingR&DandTechnical supporttoselectclustersofMSMEs (Micro,SmallandMediumEnterprises) throughanapproachbasedon establishingandleveragingacademia industryinteraction. Theapproachstartswitha comprehensiveassessmentofthe technologyneedsandgapsofthe clusterfollowedbythedesignand implementationoftargetedtechnical interventionsfortheparticularcluster bytheacademic/R&Dinstitutions.The interventionsincludeproduct/process technologyimprovement,testingand qualityissues,andtraining/capacity building.

Government ofIndiaand Industry Association

Sep2011 (facilities http://www.natrip.i tobe n complete d)

Technology Vision2020

Collaborative AutomotiveR&D

Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC)

Not Specified

http://www.tifac.or g.in/index.php?opti on=com_content&v iew=article&id=68& Itemid=99

Technology Vision2020

SME Technological Upgradation Programme

TIFAC

Not Specified

http://www.tifac.or g.in/index.php?opti on=com_content&v iew=article&id=69& Itemid=557

16/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia
Overall programme initiative name Programmecall name Programmecalldescription Funding organisation Callend date Mainpointof reference

Technology Vision2020

Bioprocess& Bioproducts Programme

ProgrammewaslaunchedinJanuary 2007.Whilecatalyzingtechnology developmentactivitiesinthefieldof bioproductsandbioprocesses,this programmeaimstofocusonthe following: Identificationoftechnologieswithfar reachingsocial,economic&commercial consequences; Development&demonstrationofselect technologiesinpretreatment, processingandconversionofbiomass toproducefuels,chemicalsandother valueaddedproducts; Promotionoftechnologycapabilitiesto reachingouttothewidercrosssection ofstakeholdersinthenational& internationalarena. NMITLIisthelargestpublicprivate partnershipeffortwithintheR&D domaininthecountry.Itlooksbeyond todaystechnologyandthusseeksto build,captureandretainforIndiaa leadershippositionbysynergisingthe bestcompetenciesofpubliclyfunded R&Dinstitutions,academiaandprivate industry. Objective: Topromoteandsupportuntapped creativityofindividualinnovators; Toassisttheindividualinnovatorsto becometechnologybased entrepreneurs; Toassistthetechnopreneurin networkingandforgelinkageswith otherconstituentsoftheinnovation chainforcommercializationoftheir developments. Topromoteindustryseffortsin developmentanddemonstrationof indigenoustechnologies,development ofcapitalgoodsandabsorptionof importedtechnologies Objectives (a)Developmentofneedbased technologies; (b)Strengtheningtheinterface betweenindustry,R&Destablishments andacademicinstitutions

TIFAC

Not Specified

http://www.tifac.or g.in/index.php?opti on=com_content&v iew=article&id=65& Itemid=553

TheNew Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative

NMITLI

Councilof Science& Industrial Research (CSIR)

Not Specified

http://www.csir.res .in/external/Heads/ collaborations/Nmi tli.htm

Technology Promotion, Development andUtilization Programme

Technopreneurs Promotion Programme (TePP)

Department ofScientific &Industrial Research (DSIR)

Not Specified

http://www.dsir.go v.in/tpdup/tepp/te pp.htm

Technology Promotion, Development andUtilization Programme

Technology Development and Demonstration Program(TDDP)

Department ofScientific &Industrial Research (DSIR)

Not Specified

http://www.dsir.go v.in/tpdup/tddp/td dp.htm

17/18

EAGARPubliclyfundedautomotiveresearchinIndia
Overall programme initiative name Programmecall name Programmecalldescription Funding organisation Callend date Mainpointof reference

Technology Promotion, Development andUtilization Programme

International Technology Transfer Programme (ITTP)

Topromotetransferoftechnologies, projectsandservicesfromIndiabeyond thenationalboundariesaswellas promotingtransferoftechnologies fromothercountriestoIndia. Activities: compileinformationonexportable technologiesandtechnologyintensive projects,products&servicesavailable withIndianindustryandR&D establishments; createawarenessabouttechnology exportcapabilitiesamongpotential foreignbuyersorcollaborators; supportcapabilitybuildingof industriesandR&Destablishmentsfor technologyintensiveexports; supportresearchandanalytical studiesaimedatprovidinginputstothe governmentfortechnologyexports relatedpolicyformulation; promoteandsupportInstitutional Mechanismsforcatalyzinginternational technologytransferandtrade;and facilitatesigningagreementsonHigh TechnologyCooperationandTrade betweenIndianandforeignindustrial units. Theprogramdriveninaphased manner: Phase1TechnologyDemowhich wouldinvolvesystemintegrationand runningthevehicles. Phase2wouldbeConsolidationand makingitfeasible Phase3wouldbemakingit economicallyviable KeyComponentFocus:Developinga SustainableMarketplace VehicleFocus:AdvancingPropulsion Technologies StudentFocus:InvestingintheFuture Workforce Theneedtorefocusattentionon Research,Design&Development (RD&D)innewandrenewableenergy hasarisen.Theunderlyingpurposeof RD&Deffortistomakeindustry competitive.Theshareofindigenously designed,developedandmanufactured newandrenewableenergysystems/ deviceshasalsotoincreaseandbe consequentlymonitoredforitseventual growthtoadominantposition.

Department ofScientific &Industrial Research (DSIR)

Not Specified

http://www.dsir.go v.in/tpdup/ittp/ittp .htm

National Hybrid Propulsion Programme

NHHP

Societyfor Indian Automobile Manufacture rs(SIAM)& Government ofIndia

Not Specified

http://siamindia.co m/UpLoad/circular/ 1149/NHPP.htm

Research, Designand Technology Development

RD&D

Ministryof Newand Renewable Energy

Not Specified

http://mnes.nic.in/

18/18