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MARKING SCHEME

EXCEL 2 PMR 2011


PAPER 2

Question Suggested Answer Marks



1




.
a) P= Element , Q = Mixture, R = Compound
Unsur campuran sebatian
b) Filtration / Evaporation / using magnet
Penapisan/ sejatan / mengguna magnet
c)
Examples
Contoh-contoh











3 m


1m








2 m







TOTAL= 6 m
2 a) i) Proteins
ii) For growth//repair body cells accept other correct answer)

b) i) iodine solution
ii) amylase enzymes
iii)break downdigest) starch into glucose
iv)the mouth

1 m
1 m


1 m
1 m
1 m
1 m


TOTAL= 6 m
Ammonia
mmonia

old
mas
ater
ir
MARKING SCHEME
EXCEL 2 PMR 2011
PAPER 2





a i) Lungs

ii) To pump blood to the whole body

b i)



c) i) Blood vessel Q has thicker wall than blood vessel P
ii) Blood vessel Q transport blood which flow at high pressure


1 m


1 m

2 m



























1 m
1 m

TOTAL= 6 m
4.
a) i. The leaf from the plant in bell jar P shows the presence of starch.
The leaf from plant in bell jar Q does not show the presence of
starch.
( If onIy one correct, get 0 mark)
Daun daripada pokok di dalam serkuk kaca P menunjukkan
kehadiran kanji.Daun daripada serkup kaca Q tidak
menunjukkan kehadiran kanji.
(Jika hanya satu betul; dapat 0 markah )

ii. Carbon dioxide
Karbon dioksida

$unlight
ahaya matahari
iii. Carbon dioxide + water lucose + oxygen
Karbon dioksida + air Glukosa + oksigen




1m











1m





1m





Chlorophyll
Klorofil

MARKING SCHEME
EXCEL 2 PMR 2011
PAPER 2


b) (i) X : Photosynthesis
Y :Respiration

ii) Plants absorb carbon dioxide
Tumbuhan menyerap karbon dioksida
Plants supply oxygen
Tumbuhan membekalkan oksigen
Plants are source of food
Tumbuhan adalah sumber makanan
Plant provide fuel
Tumbuhan membekalkan bahan api
Plants maintain the percentage of oxygen and carbon
dioxide in the atmosphere
Tumbuhan mengekalkan peratusan oksigen dan
karbon dioksida di udara.

Any one )
( 1 mark)



2m







1m














TOTAL= 6 m
5


a)
i) The density of cork is less than the density of corn oil/ Ketumpatan
gabus kurang daripada ketumpatan air//
OR
The density of corn oil is more than the density of cork/Ketumpatan
minyak jagung lebih daripada ketumpatan gabus

ii) Cork, Corn oil, ce, ater, lyserine, lass/
Gabus, Minyak Jagung, is, ir,Gliserin,Kaca

b)
i) Dissolve a lot of salt in the water/
Larutkan garam yang banyak di dalam air
ii) $alt increase the density of water/Garam meningkatkan ketumpatan
air// #
The egg floats if the density of water is more than the
density of eggs/Telur akan terapung apabila ketumpatan air adalah
lebih daripada ketumpatan telur



1 m





1 m


1 m


1 m

MARKING SCHEME
EXCEL 2 PMR 2011
PAPER 2


5
c)
i) Turpentine will float on water/
Turpentin akan terapung di atas air

ii) The density of turpentine is less than the density of water/
Ketumpatan turpentine adalah kurang daripada ketumpatan air

Density
Ketumpatan = 70.8 g / 9 cm
3

=

7.8 g/cm
3


1 m



1 m


TOTAL= 6 m
6. a) i) P: Kidney
ii) Q: Urinary bladder
iii)

b) i) lucose
ii) Diabetes Mellitus

c) i) Mineral salts
ii) Urea

2m






2m




2m


2m

TOTAL= 8 m

7. a) i) The brightness of bulb Q is higher than bulb P// Bulb Q brighter
than bulb P

ii) Bulb Q brighter than bulb P because the number of turns on the
secondary coil are higher//
Bulb Q brighter than bulb P because the higher the number of turns
on the secondary coil, the higher the voltmeter reading.

iii) 4.6 V

b) i) 16, 20

ii) Manipulated: number of turns on the secondary coil
Responding : voltmeter reading

iii) the higher the number of turns on the secondary coil, the higher
the voltmeter reading//
As the number of turns on the secondary coil increase,
voltmeter reading reading//
The voltmeter reading increase with the number of turns on the
secondary coil
1m


1m




1m

2m


2m


1m


TOTAL= 8m

R
S
MARKING SCHEME
EXCEL 2 PMR 2011
PAPER 2

8. a)

Flask
Kelalang
Temperature of water
o
C
Suhu air
0 min
0 minit

10 mins
10 minit
20 mins
20 minit
30 mins
30 minit
Y 100 5 1 67

c) Dull, black surface are better radiator of heat than shiny, white
surface// Dull, black surface release heat better than shiny,
white surface
Permukaan pudar, gelap membebaskan haba lebih baik
berbanding dengan permukaan berkilat, putih

c) i) Type of surfaces/ Colours of paint/ Black and silver paint
(i) Jenis permukaan/ Warna permukaan kelalang kon/ cat
hitam dan cat aluminium

ii) Temperature of water/ The reading of thermometer
(ii) Suhu air/ Bacaan termometer

d) i) Plot correctly ; raph correctly drawn

ii) below 67
o
C
dibawah 67
o
C










2m



1m




1m




1m

2m






















1m





MARKING SCHEME
EXCEL 2 PMR 2011
PAPER 2



iii) The black surface release more heat and therefore the
temperature in conical flask X drops faster than the temperature
in conical flask Y.
Permukaan yang gelap membebaskan lebih haba, oleh itu, suhu
di dalam kelalang kon X menurun lebih cepat daripada suhu di
dalam kelalang Y

iv) Heat release is the temperature of water
Pembebasan haba ialah suhu air

e)

Classification
Pengelasan

Object
Objek

ood ability to release heat
Keupayaan membebaskan haba yang
baik



U, V

Poor ability to release heat
Keupayaan membebaskan haba yang
kurang baik



$, T


Accept If student name the object.

1m






1m









2m








TotaI=12 m